The first known rulers of Provence, some of whom may have styled themselves Kings or Dukes or Marquesses of Provence, descend from Rotbold or Roubaud (between 949 and 965) and his son Boson of Arles (b. 928 - d. 965/7), of a noble Frankish family which constituted the so called First House of Burgundy. Count Boson of Arles received Provence in 947. Upon his death his two sons, Guilhem I the Liberator (b. 950, d. 994) and Rotbold (Roubaud) II (b. 961, d. 1008) succeeded him without dividing his dominions. This indivisibility was maintained by their respective descendants. It is thus impossible to ascertain who succeeded whom in the County as various reigns overlap.
Descendants of Rotbold (or Roubaud) II and of Guilhem (or William or Guillaume) I as Counts of Provence include:
961-1008 - Rotbold (or Roubaud) III, son of Rotbold II
994-1018 - Guilhem (or William or Guillaume) II, son of Guilhem I
1014-1024 or 1037 - Guilhem (or William or Guillaume) IV of Arles, son of Rotbold III
1018-1030 - Guilhem (or William or Guillaume) III, son of Guilhem II
1018-1051 - Foulques (or Folch) Bertrand, son of Guilhem II
Ramon Berenguer IV left no male heirs, so he left the counties of Provence and Forcalquier to his fourth daughter, Beatrice, and her husband, Charles d'Anjou
To accommodate claims of the count of Toulouse in 1125 Provence was divided along the Durance. Lands north of the river constituted the marquessate of Provence, ruled by Toulouse, and south of the river was the county proper, ruled by the House of Barcelona.
The County of Forcalquier was incorporated into the domains of Alfonso II upon his marriage with Gersande de Forcalquier (1193)
1434-1480Rene I of Naplesthe Good, Count of Guise (1417-1422), Duke of Lorraine and Bar (1431), King of Naples and (nominal) Sicily and Jerusalem (1434-1442), Duke of Anjou and Touraine (1434), King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona (in dispute, 1466-1472), son of Louis II
1480-1481 Charles III (V of Maine), a.k.a. Charles of Maine, Count of Maine and Guise (1472), nephew of Rene I
Upon his death the heirless Charles du Maine bequests the counties of Provence-Forcalquier to King Louis XI of France. From this point, the title of Count of Provence becomes simply one of the many hereditary titles of the French monarchy.
Louis-Stanislas-Xavier was born on November 17, 1755 in the Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France, the fourth son of the dauphin Louis, the grandson of King Louis XV and Marie Leszczynska.
At birth, he received the title of Count of Provence but throughout most of his life he was known as "Monsieur." After the death of his two elder brothers and the accession of his remaining elder brother as Louis XVI of France in 1774, he became heir presumptive.
The ultraroyalists, led by Louis's brother, the Comte d'Artois (later King Charles X), triumphed after the assassination of the count's son, Charles Ferdinand, duc de Berry.
Provence was an ardent art collector and by 1781, the year of his portrait, he owned 180 paintings and more than 3500 drawings (almost all Dutch or Flemish).
The architect Chalgrin built the enchanting Folie de Madame for the Comtesse near Versailles in 1784: a small, white pavilion with a central rotunda decorated with trompe-l'oeil wildflowers, it was the place to which she increasingly retreated as her marriage decayed.
Comte and Comtesse deProvence, later Louis of France and his Queen; until 1815, when given by the King to the Marquis de Crux, equerry to the Queen.
Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Want to know more? Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:
Press Releases |
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m