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Encyclopedia > Computer screen
Nineteen inch (48 cm) CRT computer monitor

A computer display, monitor or screen is a computer peripheral device capable of showing still or moving images generated by a computer and processed by a graphics card. Monitors generally conform to one or more display standards. Sometimes the name "display" is preferred to the word "monitor", as the latter is perceived to be ambiguous alongside the other senses of "monitor" meaning "machine-level debugger" or "thread synchronization mechanism". Computer displays have also been known as visual display units or VDUs.


As with television, several different hardware technologies exist for displaying the actual image:

A modern CRT display has considerable flexibility: it can often handle all resolutions from 640 by 480 pixels (640480) up to 2048 by 1536 pixels (20481536) with 32-bit colour and a variety of refresh rates.

The sharpness of a display is described by its dot pitch. In general, the lower the dot pitch, (e.g. .24), the sharper the picture will be.

Some technical circles prefer the name "display" to the word "monitor" (perceived as ambiguous alongside the other senses of "monitor" meaning "machine-level debugger" or "thread synchronization mechanism"). Computer displays have also been known as visual display units or VDUs.

Early CRT-based VDUs without graphics capabilities gained the label 'glass teletypes', because of the similarity to their electromechanical predecessors.

Black and white displays can only display one colour either as on or off. Monochrome displays can show only levels of a single colour. In both cases the display usually uses green, orange (amber) or gray (white).

computer monitor
computer monitor

Colour monitors may show either digital colour (each of the red, green and blue signals may be either on or off, giving eight possible colours: black, white, red, green, blue, cyan, magenta and yellow) or analog colour (red, green and blue signals are continuously variable allowing the display of any combination). Digital monitors are sometimes known as TTL because the voltages on the red, green and blue inputs are compatible with TTL logic chips.

Most modern computer displays can show thousands or millions of different colours in the RGB colour space by combining red, green, and blue dots in varying intensities.

Some display technologies (especially LCD) have an inherent misregistration of the colour planes, that is, the centers of the red, green, and blue dots do not line up perfectly. In 2001, software designers began to exploit the misregistration to produce sharper images: Microsoft's ClearType™ provides an example.

Moving texts can appear in italics, even when the display resolution is too low to show static italics: a fractional time delay causes an apparent corresponding shift of a fraction of a pixel.

See also

External links

  • How stuff works (http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/monitor.htm) ~ How Computer Monitors Work.

  Results from FactBites:
Split screen (computer graphics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (214 words)
The computer graphics technique called split screen display consists of dividing graphics and/or text into non-movable adjacent parts, typically two or four rectangular areas, in order to allow the simultaneous presentation of (usually) related graphical and textual information on a computer display.
Split screen differs from windowing systems in that the latter allows overlapping and freely movable parts of the screen (the "windows") to present related as well as unrelated application data to the user, while the former more strictly conforms to the description given in the above paragraph.
The split screen technique can also be used to run two aspects of an application, with possibly another user interacting with the other perspective.
Computer Use by Senior Citizens (1083 words)
In this position the computer screen is at about the right height, at about the right distance from your eyes, and centered on your body.
If you cannot comfortably read the computer screen when it is at about and arm's length away from your eyes, then use the magnification feature of most software programs to zoom the screen, rather than sitting much closer to the computer screen.
Use a document holder that it is height adjustable and positioned adjustable, and either place this in between the keyboard and the computer screen, or adjacent to one side of the computer screen.
  More results at FactBites »



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