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Encyclopedia > Computer music

Computer music is music generated or composed with the aid of computers. It also refers to a field of study that examines both the theory and application of new and existing technologies in the areas of music, sound design and diffusion, acoustics, sound synthesis, digital signal processing, and psychoacoustics. The field of computer music can trace its roots back to the origin of electronic music, and the very first experiments and innovations with electronic instruments at the turn of the 20th century. Music is a form of entertainment or other human activity that involves organized and audible sounds and silence. ... A Lego RCX Computer is an example of an embedded computer used to control mechanical devices. ... Music is a form of entertainment or other human activity that involves organized and audible sounds and silence. ... Sound design is a technical/conceptually creative field. ... Acoustics is a branch of physics and is the study of sound, mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids. ... The term synthesiser is also used to mean frequency synthesiser, an electronic system found in communications. ... Digital signal processing (DSP) is the study of signals in a digital representation and the processing methods of these signals. ... Psychoacoustics is the study of subjective human perception of sounds. ... Electronic music is a term for music created using electronic devices. ...


Much of the work on computer music has drawn on the relationship between music theory and mathematics. The world's first computer music was generated in Australia by programmer Geoff Hill on the CSIRAC computer which was designed and built by Trevor Pearcey and Maston Beard. Subsequently, Lejaren Hiller (e.g., the Illiac Suite) used a computer in the 1950s to compose works that were then played by conventional musicians. Later developments included the work of Max Mathews at Bell Laboratories, who developed the influential MUSIC I program. Vocoder technology was also a major development in this early era. Recently, MIDI technology has allowed personal computers to interact with synthesizers through a standardized interface, which has widened the use of computer technology. Music theory is a field of study that involves an investigation of the many diverse elements of music, including the development and methodology for analyzing, hearing, understanding, and composing music. ... Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, known today as the father of geometry; shown here in a detail of The School of Athens by Raphael. ... CSIRAC (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Automatic Computer), originally known as CSIR Mk I, was Australias first digital computer, and the fifth stored program computer in the world and presently the oldest intact (albeit inoperable) digital computer in the world. ... USA composer Lejaren Hiller (February 23, 1924, New York City - January 26, 1994, Buffalo, New York) founded the University of Illinois Experimental Music Studio in the late 1950s and collaborated on the first significant computer music composition, 1957s Illiac Suite, with Leonard Issacson. ... Max Vernon Mathews was born in Columbus, Nebraska, on November 13, 1926. ... MUSIC-N refers to a family of computer music programs and programming languages descended from or influenced by MUSIC, a program written by Max Mathews in 1957 at Bell Labs, it is widely considered to be the first computer program for making music (in actuality, sound) on a digital computer... A vocoder (name derived from voice coder, formerly also called voder) is a speech analyser and synthesizer. ... Musical Instrument Digital Interface, or MIDI, is a system designed to transmit information between electronic musical instruments. ...


Throughout the world there are many organizations and institutions dedicated to the area of computer and electronic music study and research, including the ICMC (International Computer Music Association), IRCAM, GRAME, SEAMUS (Society for Electro Acoustic Music in the United States), and a great number of institutions of higher learning around the world. The International Computer Music Conference (ICMC) is a yearly international conference for computer music researchers and composers. ... The IRCAM, Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique, was founded in the 1970s by Pierre Boulez. ... Seamus is the fifth song on Pink Floyds Meddle and also the name of a dog, owned by close associate of the band Steve Marriott. ...


Key topics

Algorithmic composition is the technique of using algorithms to create music. ... MOS 6581 and 8580 Commodore 64 SID chips Chiptune, or chip music, or micromusic is music written in sound formats where all the sounds are synthesized in realtime by a computer or video game console sound chip, instead of using sample-based synthesis. ... People Chuck Amato, N.C. State football coach Chuck Barris Chuck Behler Chuck Berry, Guitar Player Chuck Grassley Chuck Hagel Chuck Horner Chuck Liddell, Mixed Martial Artist Chuck Mangione, Trumpet Player Chuck Mosley Chuck Moore Chuck Norris, Actor/Martial Artist Chuck Palahniuk Chuck Schuldiner Chuck Schumer Chuck Taylor Chuck Woolery... Computer music programming languages are audio domain-specific programming languages or systems used to write computer music and music software. ... Computer-generated music is music composed by, or with the extensive aid of, a computer. ... A Digital Audio Workstation (DAW) is a system designed to record, edit, and play back digital audio. ... Digital signal processing (DSP) is the study of signals in a digital representation and the processing methods of these signals. ... A digital synthesizer is a synthesizer that uses digital signal processing (DSP) techniques to make musical sounds. ... Electronic music is a term for music created using electronic devices. ... Granular synthesis is a sound synthesis method that operates on the microsound time scale. ... A fast Fourier transform (FFT) is an efficient algorithm to compute the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) and its inverse. ... Human–computer interaction (HCI) or, alternatively, computer–human interaction (symbolized as Χ χ Chi, the 22nd letter of the Greek alphabet) is the study of interaction between people (users) and computers. ... Interactive music also known as nonlinear music or adaptive music, is synonymous with soundtracks to interactive media and in particular computer games. ... Live coding is the name given to the process of writing software in realtime as part of a performance. ... Music cognition is an interdisciplinary field involving such disparate areas as cognitive science, music theory, psychology, musicology, neuroscience, computer science, philosophy, etc. ... Music information retrieval or MIR is the interdisciplinary science of retrieving information from music. ... Max Vernon Mathews was born in Columbus, Nebraska, on November 13, 1926. ... In the field of electronic music, a sequencer was originally any device that recorded and played back a sequence of control information for an electronic musical instrument. ... Musical Instrument Digital Interface, or MIDI, is a system designed to transmit information between electronic musical instruments. ... Music theory is a field of study that involves an investigation of the many diverse elements of music, including the development and methodology for analyzing, hearing, understanding, and composing music. ... Musician with a multimodal instrument based on electromyography, position sensing, and acoustically resonant bowls. ... Physical modelling synthesis is the synthesis of sound by using a set of equations and algorithms to simulate a physical source of sound. ... Pure Data with many patches open (netpd project) Pure Data (or Pd) is a graphical programming language developed by Miller Puckette in the 1990s for the creation of interactive computer music and multimedia works. ... Psychoacoustics is the study of subjective human perception of sounds. ... In music, sampling is the act of taking a portion of one sound recording, the sample, and reusing it as an instrument or element of a new recording. ... Spectralism is a musical genre originating in France in which waveforms are broken down, and then recreated into musical forms. ... As was the case with impressionism and many other labels for musical style, those composers whose music has been called spectral do not generally accept the label. ... SuperCollider is a real time audio synthesis programming language. ... ModPlug Tracker in Fast Tracker 2 color mode Tracker is the generic term for a class of software music sequencers which, in their purest form, allow the user to arrange sound samples stepwise on a timeline across several monophonic channels. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Computer music - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (347 words)
Computer music is music generated or composed with the aid of computers.
The field of computer music can trace its roots back to the origin of electronic music, and the very first experiments and innovations with electronic instruments at the turn of the 20th century.
The world's first computer music was generated in Australia by programmer Geoff Hill on the CSIRAC computer which was designed and built by Trevor Pearcey and Maston Beard.
Music, Computer: Table of Contents | Macmillan Computer Sciences: Software and Hardware (957 words)
The term "computer music" encompasses a wide range of compositional activities, from the generation of conventionally notated scores using data calculated by the computer, to the direct synthesis of sound in a digital form within the computer itself, ready for conversion into audio signals via digital-to-analog converter, amplifier, and loudspeaker.
The advantage of digital-to-analog conversion is that the computer can be called upon to assemble the individual sounds into a composition so that the composer need only be concerned with the conception of the piece and the preparation of that conception for the computer.
MUSIC XI was significant not only for these advances, but also for its direct approach to synthesis, thanks to improvements in the efficient use of memory space.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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