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Encyclopedia > Computer and video game genres

Computer and video games are generally categorized into genres. Due to a general lack of commonly agreed-upon genres or criteria for the definition of genres, classification of games are not always consistent or systematic and sometimes outright arbitrary between sources. Within game studies there is a lack of consensus in reaching accepted formal definitions for game genres, some being more popular than others. For example, some schemas are largely semiotic, while others rely more strongly on configurative patterns of interface and mechanics. It has been suggested that Multiplayer Video Games be merged into this article or section. ... Look up genre in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Semiotics, or semiology, is the study of signs and symbols, both individually and grouped in sign systems. ...


Following is a listing of commonly used computer and video game genres with brief descriptions and examples of each. This list is by no means complete or comprehensive. As with nearly all varieties of genre classification, the matter of any individual computer or video game's specific genre is open to personal interpretation. For an alternative arrangement of super- and sub-categories see the List of computer and video games by genre article. It has been suggested that Multiplayer Video Games be merged into this article or section. ... . ...


Many of these categories overlap due to the subjective nature of many genres. For example, the Legend of Zelda series has elements of action, adventure and role-playing. This overlapping is further pronounced as more games are being produced and styled as hybrids, blending elements characteristic to one or more popular genres (for example, action-RPGs like Diablo, Vagrant Story, and Baldur's Gate: Dark Alliance). Sometimes themes can determine a genre. There are Christian-based video games which can be in most any genre, but have Christian themes. Also, there are Active games which can also be in any genre, but encourage players being physically active in the gameplay. The Legend of Zelda series (ゼルダの伝説 シリーズ; often shortened to just Zelda series) is a series of action-adventure video games created by Nintendo and industry legend Shigeru Miyamoto beginning in 1986. ... Adventure is a genre of video game typified by exploration, puzzle-solving, interaction with game characters, and a focus on narrative rather than reflex-based challenges. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Diablo is a best-selling hack and slash action role-playing game developed by Blizzard North and released by Blizzard Entertainment on January 2, 1997. ... Vagrant Story ) is a unique action RPG released for the PlayStation in 2000. ... The first Christian video games were made in the late 80s for the Nintendo Entertainment System by Wisdom Tree and now are made by many different developers. ... A Christian is a follower of Jesus of Nazareth, referred to as Christ. ... An active game is a computer/video game that allows the player to actively be involved with the game, not by mearly pressing buttons with their thumbs. ...

Contents

Major genres

Action

Action games are perhaps the most basic of gaming genres, and certainly one of the broadest. Action games are characterized by gameplay with emphasis on actions that the player must perform reflexively, in realtime. Fighting and first-person shooters both fall into this category.


Action-adventure

Action-adventure games focus on exploration, and usually involve item gathering, simple puzzle solving, and combat. Action-adventure games (British English: arcade adventure) are video games that combine elements of the adventure game genre with various action game elements. ...


The first action-adventure game was the Atari 2600 game Adventure (1978). It was directly inspired by the original text adventure, Colossal Cave Adventure, but in adapting a text game to a console with only a joystick for control, designer Warren Robinett created a new genre. The Atari 2600, released in October, 1977, was the first successful video game console to use plug-in cartridges instead of having one or more games built in. ... This article is about a video game for the Atari 2600 video game console. ... Zork, an early work of interactive fiction, running on a modern interpreter Interactive fiction, often abbreviated as IF, is a simulated environment in which players use text commands to control characters. ... Colossal Cave Adventure (also known as ADVENT, Colossal Cave, or Adventure) (Crowther & Woods, 1976) was the first computer adventure game. ... Warren Robinett is a designer of interactive computer graphics software, notable as the developer of Adventure, the first graphical adventure video game, and as the founder of The Learning Company, where he designed Rockys Boots. ...


Because of their prevalence on video game consoles (and the absence of typical adventure games), action-adventure games are often confusingly called "adventure games" by console gamers. The Nintendo GameCube is an example of a popular video game console. ... This is an article about a game company. ...


Two of the most notable series of action-adventures are the Legend of Zelda series and the Grand Theft Auto series. The Legend of Zelda series (ゼルダの伝説 シリーズ; often shortened to just Zelda series) is a series of action-adventure video games created by Nintendo and industry legend Shigeru Miyamoto beginning in 1986. ... The original Grand Theft Auto, PC Version Grand Theft Auto (GTA) is a video game created by DMA Design (now Rockstar North) and published by ASC Games in 1997. ...


First-person shooter

Half-Life, a first-person shooter video game
Half-Life, a first-person shooter video game

First-person shooter video games, commonly known as FPSs, emphasize shooting and combat from a first-person perspective of the character they are controlling. This perspective is meant to give the player the feeling of "being there", and allows the player to focus on aiming. Most FPSs are very fast-paced and require quick reflexes on high difficulty levels. Half Life (ingame) This work is copyrighted. ... Half Life (ingame) This work is copyrighted. ... Half-Life For a quantity subject to exponential decay, the half-life is the time required for the quantity to fall to half of its initial value. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The fast-paced and 3D elements required to create an effective looking FPS made the genre technologically unattainable for most consumer hardware systems until the early 1990s. Wolfenstein 3D was the first widely known FPS, and Doom was the first major breakthrough in graphics; it used a number of clever techniques to make the game run fast enough to play on consumer-grade machines. Wolfenstein 3D (commonly abbreviated to Wolf 3D) is the computer game that started the first person shooter genre on the PC. It was created by id Software and published by Apogee Software on May 5, 1992. ... Doom (or DOOM)[1] is a 1993 computer game by id Software that is among the landmark titles in the first-person shooter genre. ...


Since the release of Doom, most FPS games now have a multi-player feature to allow competition between multiple players. To ensure decent performance, it is common for the games to limit the number of players at between 8-64 players in the same game. A notable exception is World War II Online, which was the first game to bring fast paced first-person shooter action to MMOG framework, allowing thousands of players to simultaneously play in the same world. Doom (or DOOM)[1] is a 1993 computer game by id Software that is among the landmark titles in the first-person shooter genre. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


Notable FPS series include Half-Life, Doom, Unreal, Quake, Far Cry, Counter-Strike, Halo, Medal of Honor, Call of Duty and Battlefield. Half-Life For a quantity subject to exponential decay, the half-life is the time required for the quantity to fall to half of its initial value. ... This article refers to the video game Unreal. ... The Quake series is a line of first person shooter computer and video games produced by id Software. ... Far Cry is a first-person shooter computer game developed by Crytek Studios and published by Ubisoft on March 23, 2004. ... Counter-Strike (CS) is a popular team-based mod of Valves first-person shooter (FPS) Half-Life. ... Master Chief emerges from smoke and rubble that litters an African plain in Halo 3. ... Medal of Honor (MOH) is the name of a series of first-person shooter games set in World War II. The first game was developed by DreamWorks Interactive (currently known as EA Los Angeles) and published by Electronic Arts in 1999 for the PlayStation game console. ... CoD redirects here. ... Battlefield may refer to: the location of a battle, the Battlefield televised documentary series, shown on the Discovery Channel, which explores battles of World War 2, the Battlefield Vietnam televised documentary series, shown on the Military Channel, which gives detail explanations of Vietnam War, (1945-1975), battles. ...


Fighting

Versus fighting

Street Fighter II, a one-on-one fighting game
Street Fighter II, a one-on-one fighting game

Versus Fighting games (also known as beat 'em ups, particularly in the UK) emphasize one-on-one combat between two characters, one of whom may be computer controlled. These games usually focus on martial arts and other forms of unarmed combat. Many of the movements employed by the fighters are usually dramatic and occasionally physically impossible. Less regularly the characters engaged in combat may also employ handheld weapons such as swords and/or ranged attacks such as chi-based energy blasts. Image File history File links Street_Fighter_2. ... Image File history File links Street_Fighter_2. ... Screenshot of Street Fighter (arcade version). ... Screenshot of Kung Fu Master (1984, Irem). ... Combate Naval de Iquique - oil on canvas painting by Thomas Somerscales, XIX century Combat, or fighting, is purposeful violent conflict between one or more persons or organizations, often intended to establish dominance over the opposition. ... Hawaiian State Grappling Championships. ... A mêlée weapon is any weapon that does not involve a projectile--that is, both the user and target of the weapon are in contact with it simultaneously in normal use. ... Swiss longsword, 15th or 16th century Look up Sword in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... QI, standing for Quite Interesting, is a comedy panel game television show hosted by Stephen Fry and shown on BBC Two and BBC Four. ...


This genre arose in the mid-1980s and became a phenomenon, particularly in the arcades, with the release of Street Fighter II. The genre is still popular today, although it has failed to see the extreme popularity it once did. 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Street Fighter II: The World Warrior (1991) was a highly popular fighting game created by Capcom. ...


Notable series of games include Mortal Kombat, Street Fighter, Super Smash Bros., King of Fighters, Soul Edge and Soul Calibur, Tekken, and Virtua Fighter. Mortal Kombat has multiple meanings. ... Screenshot of Street Fighter (arcade version). ... Super Smash Bros. ... The King of Fighters ), or KOF for short, is a fighting game series by SNK that debuted in 1994. ... Soul Edge (Soul Blade in Europe, North America and Australia) is the first installment in the Soul series of fighting games. ... Soul Calibur is the second game in the Soul series of fighting games developed and produced by Namco, consisting of Soul Edge (Soul Blade in the US), Soul Calibur, Soul Calibur II, and Soul Calibur III. Originally an arcade game, Soul Calibur was ported and released for the Sega Dreamcast... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Virtua Fighter is a 1993 fighting game developed by the Sega studio AM2, headed by Yu Suzuki. ...


Beat 'em up

Screenshot of Super Double Dragon in SNES
Screenshot of Super Double Dragon in SNES

Scrolling beat 'em up (or brawler) games have an emphasis on one-on-many close quarters combat, beating large numbers of computer-controlled enemies. The fighting style is usually simpler than for versus fighting games. This genre became popular in 1987 with the release of Double Dragon, leading to a large number of similar games. Gameplay in these side-scrolling beat 'em ups involves the player fighting through a series of increasingly difficult levels. Critics denounced this genre as being repetitive and boring. [1][2] In recent times, the genre has largely merged with that of action adventure, with side-scrolling levels giving way to more open three-dimensional areas, and the melee combat co-existing with shooting, puzzles and missions. Image File history File links Screenshot of Super Double Dragon (SNES). ... Image File history File links Screenshot of Super Double Dragon (SNES). ... Billy and Jimmy Lee, the protagonists of the Double Dragon series. ... The Super Nintendo Entertainment System, also known as Super Nintendo, Super NES or SNES, is a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Brazil, Europe, and Australia. ... An Iggy Pop album where his band first becomes known as the Trolls,Iggy Pop,Whitey Kirst,Pete Marshall,Alex Kirst,LloydMoosemanRoberts ... Combate Naval de Iquique - oil on canvas painting by Thomas Somerscales, XIX century Combat, or fighting, is purposeful violent conflict between one or more persons or organizations, often intended to establish dominance over the opposition. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Billy and Jimmy Lee, the protagonists of the Double Dragon series. ... ...


Notable beat 'em up game series include classic Double Dragon, Battle Toads, Streets of Rage, Golden Axe, and modern Dynasty Warriors, Viewtiful Joe, The Warriors and Samurai Warriors. Billy and Jimmy Lee, the protagonists of the Double Dragon series. ... Battletoads (バトルトード) is a video game franchise. ... Streets of Rage is a side-scrolling beatem up video game released by Sega in 1991. ... Golden Axe is a side-scrolling arcade fighting game released in 1989 by Sega. ... The Logo of Shin Sangoku Musou 4 (Dynasty Warriors 5) Dynasty Warriors ( 真・三國無双:Shin Sangokumusou in Japan and 真•三国无双: Zhen Sanguo Wushuang in China; literally meaning True Three Kingdoms Unrivaled) is a series of video games created by Koei based loosely around the Romance of the Three Kingdoms epic, and is a... Viewtiful Joe is a video game developed by Capcoms Capcom Production Studio 4 design team Team Viewtiful. The other games in the series, including the PS2 port of the first game, have been made by Clover Studio. ... The Warriors is a 1979 film directed by Walter Hill based on the 1965 novel by Sol Yurick. ... Samurai Warriors 2 (Sengoku Musou 2) PS2 Japanese game cover. ...


Role-playing

Fallout, one of the most highly acclaimed Western RPGs
Fallout, one of the most highly acclaimed Western RPGs

Computer role-playing games (CRPGs or simply RPGs) often place the player in a fantasy or science fiction setting and drive the gameplay via a prominent storyline. Most of these games have the player acting in the role of a specific type of "adventurer" who specializes in a certain set of skills (such as combat, or casting magic spells). These various types of adventurer are called "classes" and players can normally control one or more of these characters. Description: The Elven warrior/rogue Tindra Cysvarianien is in a desperate showdown with Morag, the Queen of the Old Ones, in her majestys Inner Sanctum. ... Description: The Elven warrior/rogue Tindra Cysvarianien is in a desperate showdown with Morag, the Queen of the Old Ones, in her majestys Inner Sanctum. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Fallout_01. ... Image File history File links Fallout_01. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Fantasy is a genre of art that uses magic and other supernatural forms as a primary element of plot, theme, or setting. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Magic/magick and sorcery are the influencing of events, objects, people and physical phenomena by mystical or paranormal means. ... A character class represents a characters archetype and career in some role-playing games (RPGs). ...


Most of these games are similar to traditional role-playing games played with pencil and paper (notably D&D) except, in this case, the computer takes care of all the record keeping and nondeterministic elements such as dice rolling. Since the emergence of affordable home computers coincided with the popularity of pencil and paper role-playing games, this genre was one of the first in video games and continues to be popular today. Gameplay elements strongly associated with RPGs, such as statistical character development, have been widely adapted to other video game genres. A role-playing game (RPG, often roleplaying game) is a type of game in which the participants assume the roles of characters and collaboratively create or follow stories. ... A selection of colored pencils. ... Piece of A4 paper Paper is a thin material produced by the amalgamation of plant fibres, which are subsequently held together without extra binder, largely by hydrogen bonds and to a large degree by fiber entanglement. ... The original Dungeons & Dragons set Dungeons & Dragons (abbreviated as D&D or DnD) is a fantasy role-playing game (RPG) published by Gary Gygax and David Arneson in January 1974. ... Typical role-playing dice, showing a variety of colors and styles. ... TRS-80 Color Computer II The home computer is a consumer-friendly word for the second generation of microcomputers (the technical term that was previously used), entering the market in 1977 and becoming common during the 1980s. ...


Though nearly all of the early entries in the genre were turn-based games, modern CRPGs have introduced a real-time aspect. Thus, the CRPG genre has followed the strategy game's trend of moving from turn-based to real-time combat. The Battle for Wesnoth turn-based strategy, released under the GPL. A turn-based game, also known as turn-based strategy, is a game where the game flow is partitioned in well-defined and visible parts, called turns or rounds. ... It has been suggested that Game of strategy be merged into this article or section. ...


Notable entries in the role-playing genre include Planescape: Torment and series like Baldur's Gate, The Elder Scrolls, Fallout, Final Fantasy, Ultima, and Dragon Quest. Planescape: Torment is a computer role-playing game (CRPG) that takes place in the Advanced Dungeons & Dragons Planescape setting. ... Title screen of Baldurs Gate, the first game in the series. ... Bethesda Softworks Elder Scrolls 10th anniversary logo from 2004. ... Fallout is a series of computer role-playing games produced and published by Interplay. ... Final Fantasy ) is a series of computer and console role-playing games produced by Square Enix (originally Square Co. ... It has been suggested that Mongbat (Ultima) be merged into this article or section. ... Dragon Quest ), known as Dragon Warrior in North America until the 2005 release of Dragon Quest VIII, is a series of role playing games created by Enix (now known as Square Enix). ...


These frequently separate into two distinct styles: those where your character is completely of your own creation (as in Neverwinter Nights), and those where you take control of an existing character, defining only limited aspects of a character (like in Final Fantasy). These styles are sometimes referred to as Western and Japanese Role-Playing Games respectively, although there are numerous exceptions to these descriptors.
To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Final Fantasy ) is a series of computer and console role-playing games produced by Square Enix (originally Square Co. ... Look up West in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Massively Multiplayer Online Games

Massively-multiplayer online games are virtual worlds in which potentially thousands of players may interact together over the Internet. Most of these games are subscription-based, but recently some MMOs have allowed for players to purchase the game one time and play online with no monthly fees. MMORPGs emerged in the mid to late 1990s as a commercial, graphical variant of text-based MUDs, which had existed since around 1979. The massively multiplayer concept was quickly combined with other genres. A massive multiplayer online game (MMOG) is a type of computer game that enables hundreds or thousands of players to simultaneously interact in a game world they are connected to via the Internet. ... A virtual world is a computer-simulated environment intended for its users to inhabit and interact via avatars. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Some mud. ... This page refers to the year 1979. ...


This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Released on September 25, 1997, by Origin Systems, Ultima Online (UO) is a popular graphical massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) that was instrumental to the development of the genre, and is still running today. ... EverQuest (EQ) is a 3D fantasy massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) that was released on March 16, 1999. ... Final Fantasy XI ), also known as Final Fantasy Online, is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game set in Square Enixs Final Fantasy series. ... Lineage (Korean: 리니지) is a medieval fantasy massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) released in 1998 by the South Korean computer game developer NCsoft. ... World of Warcraft (commonly abbreviated to WoW) is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) developed by Blizzard Entertainment. ... RuneScape is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game by British developer Jagex Limited, programmed in Java. ... City of Heroes (CoH) is a massively multiplayer online role-playing computer game based on the superhero comic book genre, developed by Cryptic Studios and published by NCSoft. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Anarchy Online (AO) is a science fiction MMORPG released in June 2001 by Funcom. ... EVE Online is a persistent world multiplayer online game set in space. ... A computer game is a game composed of a computer-controlled virtual universe that players interact with in order to achieve a defined goal or set of goals. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... World of Warcraft, a very well known MMORPG A Massively Multiplayer Online Game (MMOG or MMO) is a computer game which is capable of supporting hundreds or thousands of players simultaneously, and is played on the Internet. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... PlanetSide is a Massively multiplayer online first-person shooter computer game published by Sony Online Entertainment and released on May 19, 2003. ... Star Wars: Battlefront is a first-person shooter/third-person shooter (interchangeable) video game based around battles featured in the Star Wars movies. ... GunZ is a Multiplayer Online Shooting/Role Playing Game (MOSRPG) created by Korean-based MAIET Entertainment. ...


Platform game

Title screen of Super Mario World, a platform game
Title screen of Super Mario World, a platform game

Platform games, also called platformers, are games in which downward gravity restricts the player to travelling on horizontal surfaces, which are referred to as platforms. Title screen This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... Title screen This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... Super Mario World )(commonly abbreviated SMW) is a platforming video game developed by Nintendo for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. ... Platform game, or platformer, is a video game genre characterized by jumping to and from suspended platforms. ...


This is one of the earliest genres of computer games, being arguably the most prominent and popular during its time. While the genre declined with the increasing popularity of 3D graphics, it is still well-supported and continues to garner huge new games, such as those of the Mario, Metroid, and Mega Man series. Traditionally, platform games were 2D, viewing the environment from a side-on, 'cutaway' perspective. This could be done easily with sprites and was simple for early computers to handle. 3D computer graphics have removed the necessity for this restricted view, and can create platform worlds in full 3D. However, this loses the simplicity of control and gameplay of the 2D games. Nonetheless, 3D platformers are not uncommon. Also, while it may not always be the case, the so called 2.5D games are essentially platform games, with 3D rendered graphics but 2D platforming/side-scrolling gameplay. Mario ) is a video game character created by Japanese game designer Shigeru Miyamoto and is the official mascot of Nintendo. ... Box art of the first Metroid game The Metroid ) games are a series of video games produced by Nintendo. ... An illustration featuring several Mega Man characters from three incarnations of the series (the original series, X and Legends). ... 2D computer graphics is the computer-based generation of digital images—mostly from two-dimensional models (such as 2D geometric models, text, and digital images) and by techniques specific to them. ... In computer graphics, a sprite (also known by other names; see Synonyms below) is a two-dimensional image or animation that is integrated into a larger scene. ... A 3D rendering with raytracing and ambient occlusion using Blender and Yafray 3D computer graphics are works of graphic art that were created with the aid of digital computers and specialized 3D software. ...


Traditional elements of platform games include running, jumping, and climbing ladders and ledges. Fighting and shooting are also frequent elements.


Notable platform games and series include Super Mario Bros., Metroid, Sonic the Hedgehog, Mega Man series, Donkey Kong, Contra, Lode Runner, Spyro the Dragon and Crash Bandicoot and the Prince of Persia series.
Super Mario Bros. ... Box art of the first Metroid game The Metroid ) games are a series of video games produced by Nintendo. ... The Sonic the Hedgehog series is a franchise of video games released by Sega starring their mascot character Sonic the Hedgehog. ... An illustration featuring several Mega Man characters from three incarnations of the series (the original series, X and Legends). ... Donkey Kong is a video game series created by Shigeru Miyamoto, featuring a gorilla called Donkey Kong. ... Contra, NES version 1988 The Contra series (é­‚æ–—ç¾… in Japanese) is a well-known line of run and gun shoot em up games created by Konami from 1987 through 2004. ... Lode Runner is a 1983 computer game. ... Spyro the Dragon is a platform game developed by Insomniac Games for the PlayStation. ... // Crash Bandicoot is a popular series of video games. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Simulation Games

Simulation games aim to simulate an experience, such as flying an aircraft, as realistically as practically possible, taking into account physics and other real-world limitations. Some require a great deal of reading before the game can even be attempted, while others include a simple tutorial. A simulation game, or sim game, (also known as a game of status or mixed game) is a game that contains a mixture of skill, a chance and strategy to simulate an aspect of reality, such as a stock exchange. ... An Airbus A380, currently the worlds largest airliner An aircraft is any vehicle or craft capable of atmospheric flight. ... Physics (from the Greek, (phúsis), nature and (phusiké), knowledge of nature) is the science concerned with the discovery and understanding of the fundamental laws which govern matter, energy, space and time. ...


Simulators

Simulators are often closely connected with serious simulators, and some of them find use in actual training for military or civil purposes.


Flight
Falcon 4.0 is a prime example of a combat flight simulator.
Falcon 4.0 is a prime example of a combat flight simulator.

Combat flight simulators are the most popular subgenre of simulation. Falcon 4.0 and IL-2 Sturmovik are examples of the genre. Image File history File links Falcon 4 in-game screenshot This is a screenshot of a copyrighted computer game or video game. ... Image File history File links Falcon 4 in-game screenshot This is a screenshot of a copyrighted computer game or video game. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Falcon 4. ... Il-2 Sturmovik: an external view of a Bf-109 in the Crimea map IL-2 Sturmovik is the name of a combat flight simulation video game, focused on the air battles of the Eastern Front during World War II. It is named for the Soviet Ilyushin Il-2 ground...


There are also civilian flight simulators, Microsoft Flight Simulator and X-Plane being the most popular examples.
Microsoft Flight Simulator is a flight simulator program for Microsoft Windows, marketed and often seen as a video game. ... X-Plane is a flight simulator for personal computers produced by Laminar Research. ...


Military

There are simulation games built around different warfare, or covering a wide range of types. For example, a well-known example of tank simulator is Abrams. Ships and submarines simulators like Silent Hunter are among the less popular.[citation needed] Operation Flashpoint: Cold War Crisis is a general combat simulator, including simulation of just an infantry soldier along with tanks, aircraft and boats. Its improved version, VBS1, is used for actual military training. Abrams is a city in the state of Wisconsin in the United States of America. ... A World War II submarine combat simulation for DOS, developed by Aeon Electronic Entertainment and published by Strategic Simulations in 1996. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Space
Space Shuttle Atlantis lifting off in the Orbiter spaceflight simulator
Enlarge
Space Shuttle Atlantis lifting off in the Orbiter spaceflight simulator

Space Combat Sims are a subgenre on border with action or strategy games. Examples include Star Wars: X-Wing, Descent: FreeSpace, Independence War, Wing Commander, Freelancer, X: Beyond the Frontier and Homeworld. Space simulators are different from other subgenres, and are not generally considered to be simulators, as their simulated objects do not always exist and often disregard the laws of physics. However, simulators of real spacecraft do exist: Orbiter is one example. Download high resolution version (900x720, 33 KB)Screenshot of a Space Shuttle lifting-off from cape canaveral in Orbiter. ... Download high resolution version (900x720, 33 KB)Screenshot of a Space Shuttle lifting-off from cape canaveral in Orbiter. ... Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-104) is one of the space shuttle fleet belonging to the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). ... Orbiter is a closed source freeware space flight simulator for the Windows operating system created by Dr Martin Schweiger, a computer scientist at University College London. ... To meet Wikipedias content policies, the external links section for this article may require cleanup. ... Descent: Freespace Screenshot Freespace 2 Screenshot Descent: FreeSpace is a space simulation computer game series developed by Volition Inc. ... For other uses of the abbreviation I-War, see I-War I-War (known as Independence War after the North American release) is a space simulation computer game developed by English development house Particle Systems Ltd. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Wing Commander game series. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Homeworld is a revolutionary real-time strategy (RTS) computer game released in 1999 developed by Relic Entertainment and published by Sierra Entertainment. ... Orbiter is a closed source freeware space flight simulator for the Windows operating system created by Dr Martin Schweiger, a computer scientist at University College London. ...


Train
Screenshot from Microsoft Train Simulator
Screenshot from Microsoft Train Simulator

Train simulators simulate the vehicles, environments and often economics associated with railway transport. These are frequently historical in nature, reminiscing on the evolution and emergence of the railroad in various countries, and the economic booms that often accompanied them. Examples of train simulators include Microsoft Train Simulator and Trainz.
Image File history File links This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... Image File history File links This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... [[Image:Comp-bve-amoswolfe. ... Screenshot from Microsoft Train Simulator Microsoft Train Simulator is a train simulator for Microsoft Windows. ... Trainz, fully Trainz Railroad Simulator or (in Britain) Trainz Railway Simulator, is a 3D computer game and train simulator created by Australian games developer Auran. ...


God games

A popular subgenre of simulation games is god games, examples of which include the genre-setting Populous, the very popular The Sims (which generally simulates home-life and social interactions), SimAnt, and SimEarth. Unlike other genres of games, god games often do not have a set goal that allows a player to win the game. God games are generally large-scale strategic fantastic simulations, sometimes of entire worlds and populations, that cast you in the position of an entity with divine or supernatural powers. ... The Sims is a strategic life simulation computer game created by game designer Will Wright, published by Maxis, and distributed by Electronic Arts. ... SimAnt is a 1991 life simulation computer game by Maxis focusing on ants; it properly enters in the category of Ant Simulation Video Games. ... SimEarth: The Living Planet is a simulation computer game designed by Will Wright and published in 1990 by Maxis, in which the player controls the development of an entire planet. ...


Economic simulation games

Economic simulation games generally attempts to represent aspect or the entirety of an economy or business. Popular examples are Railroad Tycoon and Startopia. Typical view from Transport Tycoon. ... Screenshot from Railroad Tycoon Railroad Tycoon is an economic simulation and computer strategy game. ... Startopia is a computer game from Mucky Foot Productions (formed by ex-Bullfrog employees) and published by Eidos in 2001, in which the player takes the role of the administrator of various derelict space stations with the task of rebuilding them to their former states. ...


City-building games

Sample city from Children of the Nile
Sample city from Children of the Nile

In city-building games, which is really a specialised sub-genre of economic simulation games, the player acts as overall planner or leader to meet the needs and wants of game characters by initiating structures for food, shelter, health, spiritual care, economic growth, etc. Success is achieved when the city budget makes a growing profit and citizens experience an upgraded lifestyle in housing, health, and goods. While military development is often included, the emphasis is on economic strength. Image File history File links 300 x 205 px Sample city built by characters in city building game Screen image saved by game owner for use in game article File links The following pages link to this file: Computer and video game genres Children of the Nile ... Image File history File links 300 x 205 px Sample city built by characters in city building game Screen image saved by game owner for use in game article File links The following pages link to this file: Computer and video game genres Children of the Nile ... Sample city built by characters in a city building game. ... City-Building usually refers to a type of computer strategy game, where players, from a point-of-view high in the sky, can build and manage an electronic city. ... Typical view from Transport Tycoon. ...


Perhaps the most known game of this type is SimCity, which is still popular and has had great influence on later city-building games. SimCity, however, also belongs to the God Games genre since it gives the player god-like abilities in manipulating the world.
SimCity is a simulation and city-building computer and video game first released in 1989 and designed by Will Wright. ...


Sports

NBA Jam, a sports game.
NBA Jam, a sports game.

Sports games emulate the playing of traditional physical sports such as cricket, baseball, soccer, American football, boxing, golf, basketball, skateboarding, ice hockey, tennis, bowling, rugby, etc. Some emphasize actually playing the sport, while others emphasize the strategy behind the sport (such as Championship Manager). Others satirize the sport for comic effect (such as Arch Rivals). One of the best selling series in this genre is the Madden NFL series. Screenshot of NBA Jam by User:Tyan23. ... Screenshot of NBA Jam by User:Tyan23. ... NBA Jam is a basketball arcade game created by Midway in 1993. ... A sports game is a computer or video game that simulates the playing of traditional sports. ... For the insect, see Cricket (insect). ... A view of the playing field at Busch Stadium II St. ... The striker (wearing red jersey) has run past the defender (in white jersey) and is about to take a shot at the goal, while the goalkeeper positions himself to stop the ball. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... This article is about the sport. ... Sara Giauro shoots a three-point shot, FIBA Europe Cup for Women Finals 2005. ... A skateboarder performing a frontside lipslide Skateboarding is the act of rolling on or interacting with a skateboard. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... A tennis net Tennis is a game played between either two players (singles) or two teams of two players (doubles). Players use a stringed racquet to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over a net into the opponents court. ... Bowling ball and two pins Ten-pin bowling lane Bowling is a game in which players attempt to score points by rolling a ball along a flat surface to knock down objects called pins. ... Rugby football, often just referred to as rugby, refers to sports descended from a common form of football developed at Rugby School in England. ... Championship Manager is a series of British computer games, the first of which was released in 1992. ... Arch Rivals is a basketball arcade game created by Midway in 1989. ... Official cover for the Xbox 360 version of Madden NFL 07, starring Shaun Alexander. ...


This genre emerged early in the history of video games and remains popular today.




Racing

Gran Turismo 2, a racing game on the PlayStation
Gran Turismo 2, a racing game on the PlayStation

Racing games typically place the player in the driver's seat of a high-performance vehicle and require the player to race against other drivers or sometimes just time. This genre of games is one of the staples of the computer gaming world and many of the earliest computer games created were part of this genre. Emerging in the late 1970s, this genre is still very popular today and continues to push the envelope in terms of graphics and performance. There are two main sub-genres within racing: arcade and simulation. Arcade racers tend to have exaggerated physics, fantastical settings and course layouts, and unrealistic damage handling. Simulation racers focus more on accurate handling and performance of real-world cars, many times allowing the player to simulate partaking in real-world racing events, such as the Indianapolis 500 or the Dakar Rally. Simulation racers tend to allow the player to alter the performance of the vehicles, from the looseness of the brakes to the gear ratio of the engines, but this has also been applied in a more arcade-style racing game Need For Speed: Underground. Screenshot of Gran Turismo 2 (PSX), made User:Tyan23. ... Screenshot of Gran Turismo 2 (PSX), made User:Tyan23. ... Gran Turismo is Italian for grand touring or grand tourisme. ... For other versions of PlayStation, please see PlayStation (disambiguation) The PlayStation ) is a video game console of the 32/64-bit era, first produced by Sony Computer Entertainment in the mid-1990s. ... A racing game is any game that involves competing in races through a surrogate playing piece or vehicle, either getting it from one point to another or completing a number of circuits in the shortest time. ... Indianapolis 500, 1994 An Indianapolis 500 racecar depicted on the Indiana state quarter The Indianapolis 500-Mile Race, often shortened to Indianapolis 500 or Indy 500, is an American automobile race, held annually over the Memorial Day weekend at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana. ... A support truck during the 2004 Dakar The Dakar Rally (or simply The Dakar; formerly known as The Paris Dakar Rally) is an annual off-road race, organised by the Amaury Sport Organisation. ... Need for Speed: Underground is a racing video game, developed and published by Electronic Arts in 2003. ...


A popular subgenre of the racing game is the kart racing game, which simplifies the vehicle handling and introduces various obstacles and other quirks to the racetrack. A kart racer takes a turn on an indoor track Kart racing (as the word is so spelled by enthusiasts) or karting is a variant of open-wheeler motor sport with simple, small four-wheeled vehicles called karts, go-karts, or gearbox/shifter karts depending on the design. ...


Notable arcade style racing games include Out Run, Mario Kart, and the Project Gotham Racing series. Notable simulation style racing games include Gran Turismo and Forza Motorsport.
Out Run (also spelled OutRun and Outrun) is a 1986 racing game designed by Yu Suzuki and Sega-AM2 for the video arcade market. ... A screenshot from Mario Kart DS Mario Kart is a series of Nintendo racing games that feature characters from the Mario Bros. ... Project Gotham Racing (PGR) is a racing game franchise developed by Bizarre Creations and published by Microsoft for the Xbox and Xbox 360 gaming consoles. ... Gran Turismo (GT) is a racing video game series developed by Polyphony Digital for the PlayStation, PlayStation 2, and PlayStation Portable gaming systems. ... {{| title = Forza Motorsport | image = | developer = Microsoft Game Studios | publisher = Microsoft | designer = | engine = | released = May 3, 2005 May 12, 2005 May 13, 2005 | genre = Racing | modes = Single player, multiplayer | ratings = ESRB: Everyone (E) | platforms = Xbox | media = | requirements = | input = }} Forza Motorsport is a racing simulator video game developed by Microsoft Game Studios...


Strategy

Screenshot of combat in StarCraft, a real-time strategy game.
Screenshot of combat in StarCraft, a real-time strategy game.

Strategy games focus on careful planning and skillful resource management in order to achieve victory, and are therefore classified as "thinking games". These games may be turn-based or realtime, but there are some that mix the two types of play (such as X-Com). This genre has had a consistent following since the mid-1980s. Though a large portion of strategy games tend to be wargames, many are not based or focused on war. Common alternative foci are simulation and management of economic transactions, of building things, of managing large-scale affairs, etc. Screenshot from a game of Starcraft between tomsOn (Purple Zerg) and Joyo (Teal Terran), from a six_part series that Joyo goes on to win, despite his loss in this game: In this scene, the Zerg player lures the Terran player into attacking an expansion (a resource base in addition to... Screenshot from a game of Starcraft between tomsOn (Purple Zerg) and Joyo (Teal Terran), from a six_part series that Joyo goes on to win, despite his loss in this game: In this scene, the Zerg player lures the Terran player into attacking an expansion (a resource base in addition to... StarCraft is a real-time strategy computer game by Blizzard Entertainment. ... It has been suggested that Game of strategy be merged into this article or section. ... X-COM is a series of computer games, started by MicroProse in 1994. ... Wargaming is the play of simulated military operations in the form of games known as wargames. ...


Strategy wargames

Most strategy titles tend to be wargames and are either turn-based or real-time games. Real-time wargames are generally of real-time strategy (RTS) or real-time tactical (RTT) game types. Turn-based games were originally the more common form of strategy game: the computers of the time being too slow for real-time interaction. They go back to Star Trek games played on teletypes. Early home computers were soon adopted for wargames, and the genre expanded from there. The Battle for Wesnoth turn-based strategy, released under the GPL. A turn-based game, also known as turn-based strategy, is a game where the game flow is partitioned in well-defined and visible parts, called turns or rounds. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wargaming is the play of simulated military operations in the form of games known as wargames. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The real-time tactical (RTT) computer game genre is a derivation of the real-time strategy (RTS) genre. ... Netrek is a free to play open source software cross platform multiplayer hybrid multi-directional shooter and real time strategy game for up to 16 players. ... Wargaming is the play of simulated military operations in the form of games known as wargames. ...


Web based strategy games are a less popular variant where the player does not need any additional software installed at their computer because the games have web site interfaces. Such games often last for several months, before the round ends and the game restarts. Some of these games are extremely popular and have hundreds of thousands of players. Examples of web based strategy games are Planetarion, Dawn of Myth and Terra Incognita. Planetarion is a web browser based multiplayer war-game, set in space. ... Terra incognita is a term used in exploration for unknown territory that has not been mapped or documented. ...


Massively Multiplayer Online RTS (MMORTS) is an extremely small subdivision, but has proven to have great potential. Games of this sub-genre include Shattered Galaxy, Mankind and the recently scrapped in development Sovereign. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Mankind is a little-known MMORTS in which you try to stake out an empire starting with only a small ship. ...


A group of games of this category are known as 4x games (short for eXplore, eXpand, eXploit, and eXterminate), though the denomination has not gained popular recognition as a genre, with notable examples such as Master of Orion, Galactic Civilizations and Sid Meier's Civilization. 4X refers to a genre of strategy game, usually a computer game, with four primary goals: explore, expand, exploit and exterminate. ... Master of Orion (MOO or MoO) is an interstellar turn-based computer strategy game that was released in 1993. ... Galactic Civilizations is a turn-based strategy computer game developed by Stardock and released in March 2003 for Windows—an earlier version was released for OS/2 in 1994. ... Civilization is a computer game created by Sid Meier for Microprose in 1991. ...


Real-time strategy and turn-based strategy games

Main articles at Real-time strategy, Turn-based strategy

The vast majority of strategy games could be called "strategic war games" as they have heavy focus on military combat. Of these one major subtype of titles is usually classified as real-time strategy games, the focus of which is generally on simplified and stylised military battle tactics (e.g. reconnaissance, flanking, massed rushes, etc.), while turn-based games are more focused on strategy (i.e. looking at war from the perspective of a general or even the leader of the nation). Both these distinctions tend to place great emphasis on logistical aspects of battle: resource and economic micro-management and base and unit production. There is a recent trend towards hybrid games that include components typically associated with turn-based and real-time strategy games. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Battle for Wesnoth, an example of a turn-based tactics game. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Military tactics (Greek: Taktikē, the art of organizing an army) is the collective name for methods of engaging and defeating an enemy in battle. ... Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... The Battle for Wesnoth turn-based strategy, released under the GPL. A turn-based game, also known as turn-based strategy, is a game where the game flow is partitioned in well-defined and visible parts, called turns or rounds. ... A strategy is a long term plan of action designed to achieve a particular goal, as differentiated from tactics or immediate actions with resources at hand. ... A General is an officer of high military rank. ...


Examples of games in the real-time strategy genre include Warcraft, StarCraft, Command and Conquer, Age of Empires and Total Annihilation. Examples of turn-based games include Sid Meier's Civilization, the Heroes of Might and Magic series, and Shattered Union. Examples of hybrid games include Rise of Nations: Rise of Legends, Age of Empires III, and upcoming Sins of a Solar Empire. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Warcraft: Orcs & Humans is a real-time strategy computer game developed and published by Blizzard Entertainment in 1994. ... StarCraft is a real-time strategy computer game by Blizzard Entertainment. ... Command & Conquer is a real-time strategy series of computer games released by the game developer Westwood Studios, now a part of Electronic Arts. ... This article is about the first game in a series. ... Total Annihilation aka TA, known internally as Really Cool Wargame during production, is a futuristic real-time strategy (RTS) videogame, created in 1997 by Chris Taylor and Cavedog Entertainment. ... The Battle for Wesnoth turn-based strategy, released under the GPL. A turn-based game, also known as turn-based strategy, is a game where the game flow is partitioned in well-defined and visible parts, called turns or rounds. ... Civilization is a computer game created by Sid Meier for Microprose in 1991. ... Heroes of Might and Magic II Heroes of Might and Magic (sometimes called simply Heroes or HoMM) is a series of turn-based computer games developed by New World Computing, a division of The 3DO Company. ... Shattered Union is a turn-based strategy video game about a second major American Civil War. ... Age of Empires III (AoE III) is the direct sequel to Age of Empires II and the third title [2] of the history-based real-time strategy Age of Empires series of computer games. ... The current version of the article or section reads like an advertisement. ...


Real-time tactical and turn-based tactical games

Main articles at Real-time tactics, Turn-based tactics

A different genre which focus on a set number of units, and do away with the resource gathering and unit production aspects of RTS games is real-time tactical, or RTT, games. Noteworthy examples are the fantasy Warhammer: Dark Omen game, one of the first purely RTT titles, the futuristic Ground Control, which distilled the combat operational aspects of Command & Conquer and Total Annihilation into a purely tactical form, the Close Combat series, where the player controls units in the Second World War, and the Total War series, reasonably realistically recreating empire building and epic battles in various historical eras. These games place greater emphasis on purely tactical aspects, contrasted to the production-economical focus of RTS games, and consequently have much more advanced facilities for operational-tactical unit control and planning and implementation of more advanced battlefield tactics, which is intentionally stylised, simplified and naïve in RTS titles. There is also a relatively small genre of turn-based tactics games predominantly consisting of skirmish-oriented versions of popular computer role-playing games. A human fighter patrols local space around its carrier in Nexus: The Jupiter Incident. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards and make it easier to understand, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A human fighter patrols local space around its carrier in Nexus: The Jupiter Incident. ... There have been several computer games set in the Warhammer Fantasy setting. ... Ground Control was a real-time tactics game developed by Massive Entertainment and was at the time a forerunner in its genre, winning many industry awards. ... Close Combat is the name of a series of tactical real-time (RTT) computer games by Atomic Games, as well as a first-person shooter by Destineer Games. ... This article is about the military doctrine of total war. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards and make it easier to understand, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A role-playing game (RPG, often roleplaying game) is a type of game in which the participants assume the roles of characters and collaboratively create or follow stories. ...


Notable genres

Adult

Adult video games, adult movies or other media, are intended for an adult audience. There exists a wide variety of adult games, though many lack mainstream appeal and represent a niche category. The object of an adult game may differ from a mainstream video game or computer game, in that the reward can be a visual representation of nudity, partial nudity, or sexual activity rather than points, etc. Some games may focus on humor or drama rather than arousal, or simply have normal gameplay accompanied by nudity. Adult video games, like adult movies or other media, are intended for an adult audience. ... {{}}#redirect pornographic movie ...


Adventure

Zork, an early text adventure.
Zork, an early text adventure.
King's Quest I, a graphical adventure game.
King's Quest I, a graphical adventure game.

Adventure games were some of the earliest games created, beginning with Colossal Cave Adventure in the 1970s, later developing into the Zork series, and rising to popularity in the 1980s and early to mid-1990s. They cast the player as the protagonist of a story, normally requiring the player to solve various puzzles using various artifacts. The earliest adventure games were textual (text adventures or interactive fiction). In these early adventure games, the player uses a keyboard to enter commands such as "get rope" or "go west" and the computer describes what is happening. Screenshot taken by the contributor. ... Screenshot taken by the contributor. ... Zork universe Zork games Zork Anthology Zork trilogy Zork I   Zork II   Zork III Beyond Zork   Zork Zero   Planetfall Enchanter trilogy Enchanter   Sorcerer   Spellbreaker Other games Wishbringer   Return to Zork Zork: Nemesis   Zork Grand Inquisitor Zork: The Undiscovered Underground Topics in Zork Encyclopedia Frobozzica Characters   Kings   Creatures Timeline   Magic   Calendar... Description: scene from the game Kings Quest I: Quest for the Crown Source: screenshot taken by Nataraja for the French Wikipedia (original) This is a screenshot of a copyrighted computer game or video game. ... Description: scene from the game Kings Quest I: Quest for the Crown Source: screenshot taken by Nataraja for the French Wikipedia (original) This is a screenshot of a copyrighted computer game or video game. ... Kings Quest IV screenshot Kings Quest is an adventure game series made by the American computer game company Sierra On-Line (currently known as Sierra Entertainment). ... Adventure is a genre of video game typified by exploration, puzzle-solving, interaction with game characters, and a focus on narrative rather than reflex-based challenges. ... Colossal Cave Adventure (also known as ADVENT, Colossal Cave, or Adventure) (Crowther & Woods, 1976) was the first computer adventure game. ... Zork universe Zork games Zork Anthology Zork trilogy Zork I   Zork II   Zork III Beyond Zork   Zork Zero   Planetfall Enchanter trilogy Enchanter   Sorcerer   Spellbreaker Other games Wishbringer   Return to Zork Zork: Nemesis   Zork Grand Inquisitor Zork: The Undiscovered Underground Topics in Zork Encyclopedia Frobozzica Characters   Kings   Creatures Timeline   Magic   Calendar... Zork, an early work of interactive fiction, running on a modern interpreter Interactive fiction, often abbreviated as IF, is a simulated environment in which players use text commands to control characters. ... Zork, an early work of interactive fiction, running on a modern interpreter Interactive fiction, often abbreviated IF, describes software simulating environments in which players use text commands to control characters and influence the environment. ...


As graphics became more common, adventure games began to supplement and later on replace textual descriptions with visuals (for example, a picture of the current location). These graphical adventure games still used textual input. There is still an active community of interactive fiction authors and players, although major commercial enterprises are rare. Zork, an early work of interactive fiction, running on a modern interpreter Interactive fiction, often abbreviated IF, describes software simulating environments in which players use text commands to control characters and influence the environment. ...


The growing use of mice led to the 'point-and-click' genre of adventure games, where the player would no longer have to type commands. The player could, for example, click on a hand icon and then on a rope to pick up the rope. Operating a mechanical 1: Pulling the mouse turns the ball. ... Point and click describes the simple action of a computer user moving a cursor to a certain location on a screen (point) and then clicking a mouse button, usually the left one (click), or other pointing device. ... Christ the Redeemer (1410s, by Andrei Rublev) An icon (from Greek , eikon, image) is an image, picture, or representation; it is a sign or likeness that stands for an object by signifying or representing it, or by analogy, as in semiotics; in computers an icon is a symbol on the...


In the late 1990s the genre suffered a large drop in popularity, mass-market releases became rare, and many proclaimed the adventure game to be dead. However, as of 2005, the adventure game genre is showing signs of a revival, with games such as Trace Memory, Fahrenheit, Phoenix Wright: Ace Attorney, and Dreamfall being produced. Trace Memory (アナザーコード 2つの記憶; Anazā Kōdo: Futatsu no Kioku), known by the Japanese titles literal translation, Another Code: Two Memories in Europe, is an adventure video game published by Nintendo for the Nintendo DS portable gaming system. ... Fahrenheit (known as Indigo Prophecy in the United States and Canada) is a video game that was released in September 2005. ... Dreamfall is an action-adventure video game released for the Windows and Xbox platforms on April 17, 2006. ...


Notable titles include Day of the Tentacle, the King's Quest series, the Monkey Island series, The Longest Journey, and Grim Fandango. The more action-oriented adventure games, such as Full Throttle, incorporate other modes of gameplay.
Maniac Mansion: Day of the Tentacle (DoTT) is a graphical adventure game, originally released in 1993, and published by LucasArts. ... Kings Quest IV screenshot Kings Quest is an adventure game series made by the American computer game company Sierra On-Line (currently known as Sierra Entertainment). ... The Secret of Monkey Island, CD version. ... The Longest Journey is a 1999 point-and-click adventure game by Norwegian studio Funcom. ... Grim Fandango is a graphical adventure computer game released by LucasArts in 1998, the title derived from a line of a mournful poem read by one of the characters in the game. ... Full Throttle is a graphical adventure game, originally developed in-house and released in May 1995 by LucasArts. ...


Arcade

Arcade games are traditionally the coin-operated video games found in arcades during the 1970s and 1980s. These games were characterized as quick play action games that had an addictive quality. Arcade games are easy to learn, yet difficult to master. Since the decline of coin-operated games, "arcade" has become a genre in its own right. Arcade games can now be found in many sites that contain browser-based games. Centipede by Atari is a typical example of a 1980s era arcade game. ... A video arcade (known as an amusement arcade in the United Kingdom) is a place where people play arcade video games. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Artillery

Artillery games are turn-based ballistics-simulation games in which players fire upon each other or at specific targets by specifying the angle of their salvo and at what force. Shots are affected by gravity and usually wind. These games are usually two-dimensional, but occasionally they are three-dimensional. Artillery is the generic name for either early two or three-player turn-based strategy computer games involving tanks fighting each other in combat or similar derivative games. ... The Battle for Wesnoth turn-based strategy, released under the GPL. A turn-based game, also known as turn-based strategy, is a game where the game flow is partitioned in well-defined and visible parts, called turns or rounds. ...


Notable titles include Scorched Earth, the Worms series, and Gunbound. Scorched Earth was a popular shareware computer game from the PC-DOS era, originally written by Wendell Hicken, in which tanks do turn-based battle in two-dimensional terrain, with each player adjusting the angle and power of his or her tank turret before each shot. ... Worms is a series of turn-based computer games with the common theme of players each controlling a small platoon of cartoon-style worms across a two-dimensional, deformable landscape. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...


Educational

Educational games, as the name implies, attempt to teach the user using the game as a vehicle. Most of these types of games target young user from the ages of about three years to mid-teens; past the mid-teens, subjects become so complex (e.g. Calculus) that teaching via a game is impractical. Numerous subgenres exist, each for a different field (math games, typing games and so on). Educational games are games; board and card games, including video games that are designed to teach people, typically children, about a certain subject, expand concepts, reinforce development, understand an historical event or culture, or assit them in learning a skill as they play. ... A separate article is about the punk band called The Adolescents. ... For other uses of Calculus, see Calculus (disambiguation) Calculus is an important branch of mathematics. ...


Notable games in the genre include the Carmen Sandiego series, Mavis Beacon Teaches Typing, and the Oregon Trail series. Programming games like Robocode and Core War may also be put in the educational category. A somewhat less serious approach to the genre is typified by the typing tutor The Typing of the Dead.
Carmen Isabela Sandiego is a fictional criminal featured in a long-running series of computer games and television shows in the United States and Canada. ... Mavis Beacon is an educational line of computer games, mainly focused on computer skills, such as typing. ... The Oregon Trail is an educational computer game about American pioneer life that has a long history in North American school districts and homes. ... A programming game is a computer game, where the player has no direct influence on the course of the game. ... Robocode is a free educational game provided by IBM. It is designed to help people learn to program in Java and enjoy the experience. ... A game of Core War running under the pMARS simulator, as seen through the graphical core display. ... The Typing of the Dead in Boss mode STRENGTH The Typing of the Dead is an arcade game (later ported to the Dreamcast and the PC), released in 1999, and of an unclassifiable genre based on The House of the Dead 2. ...


Maze

The arcade version of Pac-Man, a maze game
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The arcade version of Pac-Man, a maze game

Maze games need logical thinking to foresee where the enemies come. One must be able to foresee hostile attacks about the flanks to escape from them. The most famous game of this genre is Pac-Man. This genre frequently crosses over with Puzzle, but it often gets by completely without jigsaw puzzle elements and demands only reaction and planning. Notable games include Pac-Man and Ms. Pac-Man Image File history File links Pac-man. ... Image File history File links Pac-man. ... Centipede by Atari is a typical example of a 1980s era arcade game. ... Pac-Man is an arcade game developed by Namco and licensed for distribution by Midway Games in 1979. ... Public hedge maze in the English Garden at Schönbusch Park, Aschaffenburg, Germany A small maze A maze is a tour puzzle in the form of a complex branching passage through which the solver must find a route. ... Pac-Man is an arcade game developed by Namco and licensed for distribution by Midway Games in 1979. ... Pac-Man is an arcade game developed by Namco and licensed for distribution by Midway Games in 1979. ... Ms. ...


Music

The main gameplay screen of Dance Dance Revolution, a music game.

Music games are typically arcade games that challenge the player to follow sequences of movement or develop specific rhythms. Some games require the player to tap out rhythms using a game controller or keyboard while others require the player to actually dance in sync to music. This genre arose in the late 1990s with the increasing popularity of rap music and the success of Dance Dance Revolution. A photo of the main gameplay screen in Dance Dance Revolution EXTREME, with the song bag being played in Versus Mode. ... A photo of the main gameplay screen in Dance Dance Revolution EXTREME, with the song bag being played in Versus Mode. ... The main gameplay screen of Dance Dance Revolution. ... Opensource music video game StepMania A music video game, also commonly known as a music game, rhythm action game, or rhythm game, is a type of video game where the gameplay is oriented almost entirely around the players ability to follow a musical beat and stay with the rhythm... Centipede by Atari is a typical example of a 1980s era arcade game. ... A game controller is an input device used to control a video game. ... A computer keyboard is a peripheral modeled after the typewriter keyboard. ... Hip hop music is a style of popular music. ... The main gameplay screen of Dance Dance Revolution. ...


Notable music games include Amplitude, beatmania IIDX, In The Groove, PaRappa the Rapper, "Pump It Up" and Dance Dance Revolution. The PlayStation 2 game Amplitude was developed by Harmonix and is the sequel to the game Frequency. ... beatmania IIDX (alternately beatmaniaIIDX or just IIDX, pronounced two dee-ecks or two deluxe) is a series of rhythm video games introduced by Konami in 1999. ... In the Groove (abbreviated ITG) is a series of music video games that use a four-panel dance pad. ... PaRappa the Rapper (Japanese: パラッパラッパー, 1996) is a rhythm video game for the Sony PlayStation created by Masaya Matsuuras NanaOn-Sha company. ... Pump It Up, commonly abbreviated as PIU, is a rhythm video game developed by Andamiro, a Korean coin-operated games producer. ... The main gameplay screen of Dance Dance Revolution. ...

See also: Audio game

An audio game is a game played on an electronic device. ...

Party

Party games are video games developed specifically for multiplayer games between many players. Normally, party games have a variety of different types of mini-games that range between collecting more of a certain item than other players or having the fastest time at something. Versus multiplayer games are not generally considered to be party games. Popular party games include the Mario Party series, Super Monkey Ball, Wario Ware, and Fuzion Frenzy.
A minigame is a (usually short) segment of a video game that uses a different style of gameplay than the rest of the game. ... This article or section seems not to be written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ... Super Monkey Ball is an arcade-style platform game developed by Amusement Vision and distributed by Sega. ... Fuzion Frenzy game cover Fuzion Frenzy was a launch title for the Microsoft Xbox. ...


Pinball

Screenshot taken in Metroid Prime Pinball on the Nintendo DS.
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Screenshot taken in Metroid Prime Pinball on the Nintendo DS.

Pinball games are, essentially, pinball table emulators, designed to replicate the look and feel of your common pinball table. Most pinball games feature the same gameplay style, where you control a right and left flipper, and try to make the ball hit various parts of the playfield to gather up points. One significant way that video game pinball games can progress beyond pinball table emulation is the inclusion of features impossible to incorporate in a real pinball table (multiple table layouts, or direct ball control for example), although some games strive to provide a more realistic experience and avoid this type of game play. Screenshot of Metroid Prime Pinball, taken from Gamespot. ... Screenshot of Metroid Prime Pinball, taken from Gamespot. ... Metroid Prime Pinball is a pinball video game themed after the Metroid series. ... The Nintendo DS , sometimes abbreviated NDS or DS, also as iQue DS in China) is a handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo, which was released in 2004. ... Pinball is a type of coin-operated arcade game where a player attempts to score points by manipulating one or more metal balls on a playfield inside a glass covered case. ... Pinball is a type of coin-operated arcade game where a player attempts to score points by manipulating one or more metal balls on a playfield inside a glass covered case. ...


The control scheme in pinball games is, for the most part, the same. In today's consoles, left and right "shoulder" buttons are often used to approximate the left and right flipper buttons of a real-world pinball game. Some games automatically fire the ball into the playfield, while others require you to press a button to pull down the spring-loaded plug and fire the ball into the playfield.


In some cases, a pinball game may feature more than two flippers. Two are generally located at the bottom of the playfield, and others (generally only one or two more) are found above the bottom two.


Pinball games have become more popular in recent years on handheld systems, as opposed to consoles.


Some notable games in this genre include Sonic Spinball (Sega Mega Drive), Metroid Prime Pinball (Nintendo DS) Odama (Gamecube) and Pokémon Pinball (Game Boy Color).
Sonic the Hedgehog Spinball (also known as Sonic Spinball) is a pinball game combined somewhat with the storyline of the Sonic the Hedgehog series. ... The Sega Mega Drive ) was a 16-bit video game console released by Sega in Japan (1988), Europe (1990) and most of the rest of the world. ... Metroid Prime Pinball is a pinball video game themed after the Metroid series. ... The Nintendo DS , sometimes abbreviated NDS or DS, also as iQue DS in China) is a handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo, which was released in 2004. ... Odama is a video game for the Nintendo GameCube that blends tactical wargaming with pinball gameplay, created by Japanese developer Yoot Saito. ... The Nintendo GameCube (Japanese: ゲームキューブ; originally code-named Dolphin during development; abbreviated as GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the 128-bit era; the same generation as Segas Dreamcast, Sonys PlayStation 2, and Microsofts Xbox. ... Pokémon Pinball is a pinball game based on Pokémon Red and Blue. ... The Game Boy Color came in a myriad of different colors, as did earlier incarnations of the Game Boy. ...


Puzzle

Lemmings, a puzzle game, on the Atari Lynx
Lemmings, a puzzle game, on the Atari Lynx

Puzzle games require the player to solve logic puzzles or even navigate complex locations such as mazes. This genre frequently crosses over with adventure and educational games. Some arcade games, in particular Tetris-variants, are often labeled puzzle games, despite the fact that gameplay depends on hand/eye coordination and quick reflexes, rather than thought and logic. Screenshot of the Atari Lynx version of Lemmings, made by User:Tyan23. ... Screenshot of the Atari Lynx version of Lemmings, made by User:Tyan23. ... Lemming or Lemmings can refer to: A small rodent — see Lemming A computer game — see Lemmings (video game) This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... The Atari Lynx is Ataris only handheld game console, and the first such machine with a color display. ... Computer puzzle game is a genre of computer games that emphasize puzzle solving. ... Public hedge maze in the English Garden at Schönbusch Park, Aschaffenburg, Germany A small maze A maze is a tour puzzle in the form of a complex branching passage through which the solver must find a route. ... Tetris is a very popular computer puzzle game. ...


Famous puzzle games include Lemmings, Minesweeper, and Boulder Dash; see list of computer puzzle games for more.
Lemming or Lemmings can refer to: A small rodent — see Lemming A computer game — see Lemmings (video game) This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Minesweeper is a single-player computer game, invented by Robert Donner in 1989. ... Boulder Dash, aka Rockford, originally released in 1984, is a classic series of computer games for the Apple II, ZX Spectrum, Commodore 64, and Atari 400/800 home computers, and later ported to the NES, Acorn Electron, PC, Amstrad CPC, and many other platforms. ... This is a partial list of puzzle-based computer games and video games, sorted by general category. ...


Stealth

A character hides in the shadows in the stealth game Thief: Deadly Shadows.
Enlarge
A character hides in the shadows in the stealth game Thief: Deadly Shadows.

A somewhat more recent genre, sometimes referred to as a "sneaker" to make contrast with the action-oriented "shooter" subgenre. These games have much in common with the first- or third-person shooter types, but tend to emphasize subterfuge and precision strikes over the more overt mayhem of shooters. Examples of the stealth genre include the Thief series, the Metal Gear series, Splinter Cell series, and Beyond Good & Evil. "Rouge Ops" is also a stand-alone game that fits this category.
Download high resolution version (1024x768, 75 KB)Garrett, the player character in Thief: Deadly Shadows. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 75 KB)Garrett, the player character in Thief: Deadly Shadows. ... Thief is a series of mainly first-person computer games where the player takes the role of Garrett, a thief in a steampunk world resembling a cross between the Late Middle Ages and the Victorian era, with some primitive technology thrown in. ... Thief is a series of mainly first-person computer games where the player takes the role of Garrett, a thief in a steampunk world resembling a cross between the Late Middle Ages and the Victorian era, with some primitive technology thrown in. ... Metal Gear is a series of stealth-based games created by Hideo Kojima and developed and published by Konami. ... It has been suggested that List of Splinter Cell Weapons be merged into this article or section. ... Beyond Good & Evil is a video game for the GameCube, Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2, and Xbox platforms. ...


Survival horror

Silent Hill 3, a survival/horror game.
Silent Hill 3, a survival/horror game.

Survival horror games focus on fear and attempt to scare the player via traditional horror fiction elements such as atmospherics, death, the undead, blood and gore. Many of these games include first-person shooter elements. Silent Hill 3 screenshot. ... Silent Hill 3 screenshot. ... Silent Hill is the title of a very successful survival horror video game franchise, produced by Konami and developed mostly by Team Silent. ... The survival horror game is a prominent video game subgenre of action-adventure games or first-person shooters in which the player has to survive an onslaught of undead or creepy opponents, usually in claustrophobic environments in a third-person perspective. ... Horror fiction is, broadly, fiction in any medium intended to scare, unsettle, or horrify the reader. ... For other uses, see Death (disambiguation). ... Undead is the collective name for all types of supernatural entities that are deceased yet behave as if alive. ... Human blood smear: a - erythrocytes; b - neutrophil; c - eosinophil; d - lymphocyte. ...


The genre is thought to have originated with Alone in the Dark and to a lesser extent System Shock, and was popularized by the Resident Evil series. Other notable games in the genre include Silent Hill and Fatal Frame (Project Zero).
Alone in the Dark is a series of survival horror computer games from Infogrames (now Atari). ... System Shock is a computer game developed by Looking Glass Technologies (later Looking Glass Studios). ... Resident Evil, known in Japan as Biohazard ), is a highly successful survival-horror franchise that started life as video games developed by Capcom and created by Shinji Mikami. ... Silent Hill is the title of a very successful survival horror video game franchise, produced by Konami and developed mostly by Team Silent. ... Miku Hinasaki has an ability that allows her to sense the supernatural. ...


Traditional

Most popular board games, card games, and the like have been computerized to some degree or another. Computer game programs can be worthy opponents and can help improve one's skill at traditional games. A board game is a game played with counters or pieces that are placed on, removed from, or moved across a board (a premarked surface, usually specific to that game). ... // For the game on The Price Is Right, please see Card Game (pricing game). ...

Chess is an abstract strategy board game and mental sport for two players. ... starting position on a 10×10 draughts board Draughts, also known as checkers, is a group of mental sport board games between two players which involve diagonal moves of uniform pieces and mandatory captures by jumping over the enemys pieces. ... Othello and Desdemona in Venice by Théodore Chassériau (1819–1856) Othello: The Moor of Venice is a tragedy by Shakespeare written around 1603. ... Reversi and Othello are names for a strategic boardgame which involves play by two parties on an eight-by-eight square grid with pieces that have two distinct sides. ... Backgammon is a board game for two players in which pieces are moved according to the roll of dice and the winner is the first to remove all his pieces from the board. ... This article discusses the four-player game of Chinese origin. ... Look up Go, go in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... East Asia is a subregion of Asia that can be defined in either geographical or cultural terms. ... Computer Go is the field of artificial intelligence (AI) dedicated to creating a computer program that plays Go, an ancient board game. ... Magic: The Gathering (colloq. ...

Vehicular combat

Vehicular combat (or car combat) games focus on fast-paced action, as the player operates a car or other vehicle and attempts to disable or destroy CPU or human opponents. Vehicular combat games often allow a player to choose from a variety of potential vehicles, each with their own strengths and weaknesses. Vehicular combat was born out of racing/shooter combinations like Spy Hunter, RoadBlasters and Rock 'N' Roll Racing, but differs in that the players can, if desired, take their vehicles off predefined routes and do battle wherever they please. Vehicular combat (also known as car combat) games are typically video or computer games where the primary focus of play concerns automobiles or other motor vehicles, normally armed with guns or other weaponry, attempting to destroy vehicles controlled by the CPU or by opposing players. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... CPU can stand for: in computing: Central processing unit in journalism: Commonwealth Press Union in law enforcement: Crime prevention unit in software: Critical patch update, a type of software patch distributed by Oracle Corporation in Macleans College is often known as Ash Lim. ... For the 2001/2002 version of Spy Hunter, see Spy Hunter (2001 game) For the planned 2006 movie of Spy Hunter, see Spy Hunter: Nowhere to Run Spy Hunter is a 1983 arcade game developed and released by Bally Midway. ... Roadblasters is an arcade game released by Midway Games. ... Rock N Roll Racing Start Screen, for Super Nintendo Rock N Roll Racing is a racing video game released for the Sega Genesis and SNES, published by Interplay and developed by Silicon & Synapse (now known as Blizzard Entertainment) in 1993. ...


Famous vehicular combat games include the Carmageddon series, Interstate '76, and the Twisted Metal series. Some of the newer, less known games are Bandits: Phoenix Rising and Hard Truck: Apocalyptic Wars Carmageddon is the first of a series of graphically violent driving-oriented video games produced by Stainless Software, published by Interplay and SCi. ... It has been suggested that Groove Champion be merged into this article or section. ... Screenshot of Twisted Metal: Black. ...


Superseded genres

Interactive movies

Dragon's Lair, an interactive movie.
Enlarge
Dragon's Lair, an interactive movie.

Interactive movies came about with the invention of laserdiscs. These games are pre-filmed full-motion cartoons or live-action sequences, where the player controls some of the moves of the main character. For example, when in danger, the player decides which move or action, or combination to choose. In these games, the only activity the user has is to choose or guess the move the designers intended him to make. Screenshot from the arcade game Dragons Lair This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... Screenshot from the arcade game Dragons Lair This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... Dragons Lair was one of the first laserdisc video games, released June 1983 by Cinematronics. ... One of the first laserdisc games, Dragons Lair, was developed during the Golden Age of Arcade Games An interactive movie is a video game genre composed entirely of full-motion video of either animated or live-action footage. ... Pioneers LaserDisc Logo Laserdisc certification mark The laserdisc (LD) was the first commercial optical disc storage medium, and is used primarily for the presentation of movies. ... Screenshot of an FMV from Final Fantasy VIII. Full motion video, usually abbreviated as FMV, is a popular term for TV-quality movie or animation in a video game. ... A cartoon is any of several forms of illustrations, with varied meanings that evolved from one to another. ... A game designer is a person who designs games. ...


With the evolution of the more flexible 3D graphics, interactive movies are quickly disappearing.


Notable games of this category include the Tex Murphy games, Dragon's Lair and Space Ace.
Tex Murphy was the main character of five adventure games from Access Software. ... Dragons Lair was one of the first laserdisc video games, released June 1983 by Cinematronics. ... Space Ace is a Laserdisc video game produced by Don Bluth Studios, Cinematronics, and RDI Video Systems. ...


Light-gun games

Light gun games use a pointing device for computers and a control device for arcade and video games. The first light guns appeared in the 1930s, following the development of light-sensing vacuum tubes. It wasn't long before the technology began appearing in arcade shooting games, beginning with the Seeburg Ray-O-Lite in 1936. These early light gun games used small targets (usually moving) onto which a light-sensing tube was mounted; the player used a gun (usually a rifle) that emitted a beam of light when the trigger was pulled. If the beam struck the target, a "hit" was scored. Modern screen-based light guns work on the opposite principle -- the sensor is built into the gun itself, and the on-screen target(s) emit light rather than the gun. The first light gun of this type was used on the MIT Whirlwind computer. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An Apple pro mouse A pointing device is any computer hardware component (specifically human interface device) that allows a user to input spatial (ie, continuous and multi-dimensional) data to a computer. ... A Lego RCX Computer is an example of an embedded computer used to control mechanical devices. ... A controller is a person or device that exercises or attempts to exercise control or influence. ... The Atari 2600, Sony PSOne, Nintendo Gamecube, and Xbox 360 A video game console is an interactive entertainment computer. ... In electronics, a vacuum tube (U.S. and Canadian English) or (thermionic) valve (outside North America) is a device generally used to amplify, or otherwise modify, a signal by controlling the movement of electrons in an evacuated space. ... A video arcade (known as an amusement arcade in the United Kingdom) is a place where people play arcade video games. ... The Seeburg Ray-O-Lite was the first light gun game. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Whirlwind computer was developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. ...


Notable games of this category include Duck Hunt and the Virtua Cop, House of the Dead andTime Crisis series, also to a lesser extent the game Fahrenheit/Indigo Prophecy which mixed film style story and graphics with small elements of action "QTE" events.
Duck Hunt is a video game for the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) game console system. ... Virtua Cop is a shooter arcade game created by Sega-AM2, and headed by Yu Suzuki. ... Note: For the Russian novel written by Fyodor Dostoyevsky, please see The House of the Dead House of the Dead is a first-person shooter arcade game released in 1998 by Sega, where the player assumes the role of a government agent who must shoot his way through an army... Time Crisis is a video game initially available in arcades and later released for the PlayStation and cell phones. ...


Scrolling shooters

Raiden, a shoot 'em up.

Scrolling shooters, a sub-genre of "shoot 'em ups" or "shmups", place emphasis on shooting, and usually simplify other gameplay aspects of in deference to this. Several of the earliest arcade games (such as Space Invaders) could be classed as shoot 'em ups, although in practice they are usually not. Screenshot of Raiden (arcade game) by User:Tyan23. ... Screenshot of Raiden (arcade game) by User:Tyan23. ... Raiden is the name of a 1990 scrolling shooter arcade game by Seibu Kaihatsu. ... Scrolling shooters are a type of video game, a subgenre of shoot em up . ... Galaga, a famous shoot-em-up from 1981. ... Space Invaders is an arcade video game designed by Toshihiro Nishikado in 1978. ...


The games that typify the shoot 'em up genre are scrolling shooters - shoot 'em ups that are traditionally played on a long, 2D, scrolling playing area. Scrolling shooters are generally classified by their direction of scroll: the most common are horizontal (side view) and vertical (top view) shooters. Two examples are R-Type and Raiden respectively. R-Type is a horizontally-scrolling shoot-em-up arcade game produced by Irem in 1987. ... Raiden is the name of a 1990 scrolling shooter arcade game by Seibu Kaihatsu. ...


There are also fixed shooters, which take place on a single screen; for example, Robotron: 2084. Robotron: 2084 (often simply called Robotron) is an arcade game created in 1982 by the company Vid Kidz (Eugene Jarvis and Larry Demar) for Williams Electronics. ...


The scrolling shooter has a long history, with its roots in the early 1980s. It has a mixed following nowadays, however, classic-style 2D shooters are still being made, commonly rendered in 3D graphics. Ikaruga is a popular modern shoot 'em up.
The rewrite of this article is being devised at Talk:3D computer graphics/Temp. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


References

    • Apperley, Thomas H (March 2006). "Genre and game studies: Toward a critical approach to video game genres" PDF (95.1KB). University of Melbourne and Simulation & Gaming, Vol. 37, No. 1, 6-23.
    • Bateman, Chris and Boon, Richard (2004). "A Guide to Computer Game Genres". International Hobo. Retrieved on 2006-08-05.
    • Boutros, Daniel (2006-08-04). "A Detailed Cross-Examination of Yesterday and Today's Best-Selling Platform Games". Gamasutra. Retrieved on 2006-08-05.
    • Bowen, Kevin (2003-03-23). "Top Ten Dying Game Genres". GameSpy. Retrieved on 2006-08-05.
    • Terdiman, Daniel (2006-03-26). "What's wrong with serious games?". CNet. Retrieved on 2006-08-05.

    Chris Crawford is a noted computer game designer and writer, responsible for a number of important games in the 1980s, for founding The Journal of Computer Game Design and for organizing the Computer Game Developers Conference. ... The Art of Computer Game Design (ISBN 0881341177) by Chris Crawford is attributed by Wolf & Perron in The Video Game Theory Reader as being the first book devoted to the theory of video games. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Old Quad Building, formerly Old Law The University of Melbourne, located in Melbourne, Victoria, is the second oldest university in Australia, and the oldest in Victoria. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 5 is the 217th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (218th in leap years), with 148 days remaining. ... Founded in 1997, Gamasutra is a web site for video game developers. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 5 is the 217th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (218th in leap years), with 148 days remaining. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 5 is the 217th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (218th in leap years), with 148 days remaining. ... {{Infobox_Company | company_name = CNET Networks| company_logo = | company_type = [[Publicly traded NASDAQ: CNET foundation = 1993| location = San Francisco, California, USA| key_people = Shelby W. Bonnie, Co-founder, Chairman, and CEO| num_employees = 2,080 (2006)| industry = Internet Information Provider| homepage = [1] ==CNET Networks, Inc. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 5 is the 217th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (218th in leap years), with 148 days remaining. ...

    See also


      Results from FactBites:
     
    computer and video game genres: Information from Answers.com (5018 words)
    Because of their prevalence on video game consoles (and the absence of typical adventure games), action-adventure games are often confusingly called "adventure games" by console gamers.
    Since the emergence of affordable home computers coincided with the popularity of pencil and paper role-playing games, this genre was one of the first in video games and continues to be popular today.
    This genre of games is one of the staples of the computer gaming world and many of the earliest computer games created were part of this genre.
      More results at FactBites »

     
     

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