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Encyclopedia > Compton, California
Compton, California

Seal
Nickname: The Hub City, CPT, The Hub
Location of Compton in Los Angeles County, California
Coordinates: 33°53′48″N 118°13′30″W / 33.89667, -118.225
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
Government
 - Mayor Eric Perrodin
Area
 - Total 10.2 sq mi (26.4 km²)
 - Land 10.1 sq mi (26.2 km²)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km²)
Elevation 69 ft (21 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 93,493 (city proper)
 - Density 9,229.4/sq mi (3,563.5/km²)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 90220-90224
Area code(s) 310
FIPS code 06-15044
GNIS feature ID 1652689
Website: Official Website

Compton is a city located in Southern Los Angeles County, California, USA, south-southeast of downtown Los Angeles. The city was incorporated in 1888. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 93,493.[1] An inner suburb of Los Angeles, Compton lives up to the reputation of most inner city/inner suburban areas across the United States due to its high level of poverty and very high violent crime rate, especially for murders, found in the city. Compton is both a place and family/given name of English origin, and may refer to: // Compton serves as a name for many communities in England, the United States and Canada. ... Image File history File links Compton_logo. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The U.S. state of California is divided into 58 counties. ... Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... City limits refers to the defined limits of a citys area. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... PST is UTC-8, highlighted in red. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area code 310 is the California telephone area code which was split from Area code 213 on November 2, 1991. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... The inner suburbs of a city are generally the most populous areas of metropolitan area in the United States. ... A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows what he found. ... This graph shows the rate of non-fatal firearm-related crime in the United States from 1993 to 2003. ...


Despite the city's mark on African-American culture, Compton has a multiracial and multi-ethnic population. The city boasts an equestrian club, an astronomy program for teenagers, a cricket club, and the Major League Baseball Academy. Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... A young rider at a horse show in Australia. ... For other uses, see Astronomy (disambiguation). ... This article is about the sport. ... The Major League Baseball Urban Youth Academy is a youth baseball academy located in Compton, California providing free baseball and softball instruction to Southern California youth, ages 8-17. ...

Contents

History

Compton, 1914.
Compton, 1914.

In 1784, the Spanish Crown deeded a tract of over 75,000 acres (304 km²) to Juan Jose Dominguez in this area. The tract was named Rancho San Pedro. Dominguez's name was later applied to the Dominguez Hills community south of Compton. The tree that marked the original northern boundary of the rancho still stands at the corner of Poppy and Short streets. The rancho was sub-divided and parcels were sold within the Californios of Alta California until the lands were ceded after the Mexican-American war in 1848. American immigrants acquired most of the rancho lands after 1848. Image File history File links Comption-1914. ... Image File history File links Comption-1914. ... Juan Jose Dominguez, a Spanish soldier, came to San Diego, California with the Gaspar de Portolà expedition, and later to San Juan Capistrano and San Gabriel, with Father Juniperro Serra. ... CSU Dominguez Hills California State University, Dominguez Hills is a university in the California State University system and is located in Carson, California. ... A Californio was a Spanish-speaking inhabitant of Alta California who lived there when it was a part of Mexico, before it was taken by the United States after the Mexican-American War. ... Alta California (Upper California) was formed in 1804 when the province of California, then a part of the Spanish colony of New Spain, was divided in two along the line separating the Franciscan missions in the north from the Dominican missions in the south. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia José Mariá Flores Strength 78,790 soldiers 25,000–40,000 soldiers Casualties KIA: 1733 Total dead: 13,271 Wounded: 4,152 AWOL: 9,200+ 25,000... Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ...


In 1867, Griffith D. Compton led a group of American settlers to the area in search of the mild climate. The city was incorporated on May 11, 1889 and was named for Griffith D. Compton.

Aerial view of Compton, 1920.
Aerial view of Compton, 1920.

Compton grew quickly in the mid-1900s. In the late 1940s with the dismantling of segregation, middle class African-Americans began moving into the area, mostly on the west side. One reason for this was Compton's proximity to Watts, where a significant number of Blacks lived at the time. However, the eastern side of the city remained predominantly white into the 1970s. Despite being located in the middle of a major metropolitan area, there remains at least one small pocket of agriculture from its early years.[2] Image File history File links Comption-1920. ... Image File history File links Comption-1920. ... Racial segregation characterised by separation of different races in daily life, such as eating in a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a rest room, attending school, going to the movies, or in the rental or purchase of a home. ... Watts is a residential district in southern Los Angeles, California. ...


Crime

In 2006, the Morgan Quitno Corporation rated Compton as the most dangerous city in the United States with a population of 75,000 to 99,999, and fourth most dangerous overall.[3] The city is notorious for gang violence, primarily caused by the Bloods, the Crips and Hispanic gangs. Compton's violent reputation was popularized in the late 1980s by the rise to prominence of local gangsta rap groups Compton's Most Wanted and especially N.W.A., who released the famous album Straight Outta Compton in 1988. Since then, "Compton" has become a euphemism for anything ghetto-related or gang-related. Morgan Quitno Press is an research and publishing company based out of Lawrence, Kansas. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with gang. ... The Bloods are one of the Los Angeles, California street gangs. ... The blue bandanas worn by most Crip gangs. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains. ... For the Ice T album, see Gangsta Rap (album). ... Comptons Most Wanted is a gangsta rap group still performing today on independent lables. ... This article is about the hip-hop group. ... This article is about the album. ... A euphemism is the substitution of an agreeable or less offensive expression in place of one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant to the listener; or in the case of doublespeak, to make it less troublesome for the speaker. ... For the rapper, see Ghetto (rapper). ... Mara Salvatrucha suspect bearing gang tattoos is handcuffed. ...


Compton has a homicide rate about eight times higher than the national average, most of which are gang killings. Economic conditions and Compton's location as the center of the South Los Angeles "ghettos" make crime prevention more difficult. Although crime rates had been falling for years after the crack epidemic of the 1980s and early 1990s, Compton has in recent years witnessed spikes in the rate of violent crime.[4] Homicide (Latin homicidium, homo human being + caedere to cut, kill) refers to the act of killing another human being. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with gang. ... South Los Angeles South Los Angeles is the official name for a large geographic and cultural portion lying to the southwest and southeast of downtown Los Angeles, California. ... The name ghetto refers to an area where people from a given ethnic background or united in a given culture or religion live as a group, voluntarily or involuntarily, in milder or stricter seclusion. ... Crack Cocaine The crack epidemic refers to a six year period between 1984 and 1990 in the United States during which there was a huge surge in the use of crack cocaine in major cities, and crack-houses all over the USA. Fallout from the crack epidemic included a huge...


Compton had 72 murders in 2005, which is a per capita rate significantly higher than the national average, and a murder rate of 67.1 which greatly surpassed all other cities in murder rates. Recently in an effort to combat this gun violence the Compton citizens were given the option to hand over their guns to the police, and receive a $100 check for various goods. During 2006, Compton has deployed twice as many sheriff deputies and the murder rate has decreased from 22 in four months, to just five. Like parts of Los Angeles and Long Beach, Compton is also a hot bed for racial violence between Blacks and Latinos.[citation needed] Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold in the cafeteria at Columbine High School, shortly before committing suicide. ...


Politics and government

The Martin Luther King Monument in front of the Compton City Hall and the Superior Court building. The monument is the logo for the city and is featured on signage.
The Martin Luther King Monument in front of the Compton City Hall and the Superior Court building. The monument is the logo for the city and is featured on signage.

During Compton's early years, the emerging black population was largely ignored by the city's elected officials. At one time, the City Council even discussed dismantling the Compton Police Department in favor of the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department in an attempt to exclude black people from law enforcement jobs. This slowly began to change when in 1958, the first African-American ran for a City Council seat. However, it would be another three years before an African-American would be elected to the City Council. Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ...


Douglas Dollarhide made history in Compton in 1969 when he became California's first African-American mayor of a metropolitan city. Four years later, Doris A. Davis defeated Dollarhide's bid for re-election to become the first African-American female mayor of a metropolitan city in the United States. By the early 1970s, the city had one of the largest concentrations of African-Americans in the country with over ninety percent. Douglas Dollarhide (c1923—) was the first African-American mayor in California. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Doris A. Davis (c1935—) was the first African-American female mayor of a metropolitan city in United States. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ...


For many years, Compton was a much sought after neighborhood for the black middle class of Los Angeles. This past affluence is reflected in the area's appearance — Compton's streets are lined with relatively spacious and attractive single family homes. However, several factors have contributed to Compton's decline. One of the most significant factors was a steady erosion of its tax base. First by whites who fled to the newly incorporated cities of Artesia, Bellflower, Paramount and Norwalk in the late 1950s. These nearby communities remained largely white despite integration.[5] This move was even further precipitated after the Watts Riots in 1965. White flight is a term for the demographic trend where working- and middle-class white people move away from increasingly racial-minority inner-city neighborhoods to white suburbs and exurbs. ... Artesia is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Motto: The Friendly City Growing Together Location of Bellflower in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country United States State California County Los Angeles Government  - Mayor Scott Larsen  - Mayor Pro Tem Dorothy King  - City Council Ray Smith Raymond Dunton Randy Bomgaars Area  - City 15. ... Paramount is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Location of Norwalk in California and Los Angeles County Coordinates: Country United States State California County Los Angeles Incorporated 1957  - City Council Jesse M. Luera (mayor) Rick Ramirez Cheri Kelley Michael Mendez Gordon Stefenhagen Area    - City  9. ... Children at a parade in North College Hill, Ohio Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Ethnocracy Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation... The term Watts Riots refers to a large-scale riot which lasted six days in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, in August 1965. ...


Soon thereafter, middle class blacks also found other areas more attractive to them. Some were unincorporated areas of Los Angeles County such as Ladera Heights, View Park and Windsor Hills; and others were cities such as Inglewood and, particularly, Carson. The latter was significant because it had successfully thwarted attempts at annexation by neighboring Compton. The city of Carson opted instead for incorporation in 1968, which is notable because its black population was actually more affluent than its white population. As a newer city, it also offered more favorable tax rates and lower crime. Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. ... For the community in San Mateo County, California, see Ladera, California. ... View Park View Park-Windsor Hills is a census-designated place (CDP) in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... View Park View Park-Windsor Hills is a census-designated place (CDP) in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Nickname: Location of Inglewood in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles Established 1888 Incorporated February 14, 1908 Government  - Mayor Roosevelt F. Dorn Area  - Total 9. ... Location of Carson in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1968-02-20 [2] Government  - Mayor Jim Dear [1] Area  - City  18. ... Ceremonies during the annexation of Hawaii. ...


As Compton's tax base deteriorated, it raised municipal taxes, which only worsened the problem. This resulted in creating a situation more favorable to lower income residents than higher income ones. Many of these new residents also benefited from the Section 8 rent-subsidy program. As a result, the need for public services increased dramatically, putting a further strain on the city's budget. The Housing Choice Voucher Program is a type of Federal assistance provided by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) dedicated to sponsoring subsidized housing for low-income families and individuals. ...


After Lionel Cade, an accountant, assumed the mayor's office in 1977, one of the first orders of business was to conduct an audit of the city's finances. It was discovered that the city was $2 million in debt. The administration was able to eliminate the huge deficit in one year by making cuts in every department. It also aggressively sought federal funding to help pay for essential services, which was at least partially effective. However, with the passage of the property tax cutting initiative Proposition 13 by California voters, Compton was one of the cities hardest hit, since it had already eliminated most of the fat from its budget. Lionel B. Cade (August 14, 1918—April 3, 1990) was an American accountant who served as mayor of Compton, California, from 1977 until 1981. ... Proposition 13 was a ballot initiative enacted by the voters of the state of California on June 6, 1978. ...


Crime, though present in lesser degrees beforehand, worsened significantly with the introduction of crack cocaine in the latter part of the 20th century. The neighborhood lost richer residents with the worsening safety problems, and, after the 1992 riots in the Los Angeles metropolitan area, many blacks left the city. Meanwhile, many Latino families moved into Compton. Cocaine is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. ... For other uses, see Los Angeles riots (disambiguation). ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ...


State and Federal

In the state legislature Compton is located in the 25th Senate District, represented by Democrat Edward Vincent, and in the 52nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Mervyn M. Dymally. Federally, Compton is located in California's 37th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +27[6] and is represented by Democrat Laura Richardson. Californias Capitol, where the State Legislature meets California State Assembly chamber California state Senate chamber The California Legislature is the legislative branch of the state government of California. ... California State Senate chamber The California State Senate is the upper house of the California State Legislature. ... The California State Assembly chamber California State Assembly Chamber in the State Capitol The California State Assembly is the lower house of the California State Legislature. ... California State Assemblyman Mervyn Dymally Mervyn Malcolm Dymally, Ph. ... Map The 37th Congressional District of California is a California Congressional District. ... The Cook Partisan Voting Index indicates how much more Democratic or Republican a district performs compared to the nation as a whole. ... Laura Richardson (born April 14, 1962 in Los Angeles, California) is a Democratic Representative in the United States Congress. ...


City government controversies

Civic corruption has also been a widespread problem in Compton. In the early 1990s the United States Attorney conducted a series of investigations, centered around a phony waste to energy scheme, that ultimately ensnared a number of prominent elected officials. In 2002, then Mayor Omar Bradley, was convicted of using city credit cards to purchase golf balls and lavish hotel stays for himself and his friends[citation needed]. Various mayoral administrations have been investigated by federal, state, and county government for bribery, nepotism, and the misappropriation of public funds[citation needed]. These factors have contributed to Compton's poor reputation and has discouraged business investment[citation needed]. Bribery is a crime implying a sum or gift given alters the behaviour of the person in ways not consistent with the duties of that person. ... Look up nepotism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In 2000, the Compton Police Department was disbanded amidst controversy.[7] Many claim the department's closure could have been related to members of the police force itself being involved in gang activity, while the police themselves charge that this was due to friction between the department and then-mayor Omar Bradley, who has since faced serious corruption charges.[8] Regardless of the situation, an alternative form of law enforcement was sought. Compton's policing needs are currently served by the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. According to the Los Angeles Times, the LASD Compton Station is staffed by 28 deputies. The Compton Police Department was the former police department of Compton, California In 2000, the City of Compton voted to dissolve the Compton Police Department and to become a contract city, amidst corruption. ... This article is about the Los Angeles County Sherriffs Department, not to be confused with the smaller Los Angeles County Police Memorial to fallen deputies. ...


Geography

Compton is located at 33°53′48″N, 118°13′30″W (33.896715, -118.225078).[9] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.4 km² (10.2 mi²). 26.2 km² (10.1 mi²) of it is land and 0.2 km² (0.1 mi²) of it (0.69%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 93,493 people, 22,327 households, and 18,620 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,563.5/km² (9,225.6/mi²). There were 23,795 housing units at an average density of 906.9/km² (2,348.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 40.31% Black or African American, 16.71% White, 0.70% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 1.05% Pacific Islander, 37.34% from other races, and 3.62% from two or more races. 56.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. [11] Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... Hispanic (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ; Latin: , adjective from Hispānia, the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically denoted relation to the ancient Hispania and its peoples. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


The racial makeup has changed in recent years. In 1990 55% of the population were African-American while 42% were Hispanics. The biggest reason, however, for the shift in demographics, is the flight of African Americans to escape Compton's high crime.[citation needed] Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... Hispanic, as used in the United States, is one of several terms used to categorize US citizens, permanent residents and temporary immigrants, whose background hail either from the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America or relating to a Spanish-speaking culture. ... Black flight is the term for the sociological trend of lower class, middle class, and upper midle-class African-Americans moving away from predominately black or mixed culture inner city areas to suburban areas and outlying edge cities of new home construction. ...


There were 22,327 households out of which 50.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 27.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.6% were non-families. 13.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.16 and the average family size was 4.45. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 38.5% under the age of 18, 11.5% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 14.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $31,819, and the median income for a family was $33,021. Males had a median income of $22,698 versus $24,692 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,389. About 25.5% of families and 28.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.6% of those under age 18 and 14.7% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Culture

Main article: List of people from Compton, California

Currently, Latinos are the largest ethnic group in the city, although many people still tend to think of Compton as a primarily black community. One possible reason for this is that despite the shift in population, as of 2005 blacks continue to dominate local politics, holding all elected positions in the city. This article lists famous and notable people who are natives of Compton, California or have been residents of the city. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Compton has been referenced on numerous occasions in gangsta rap and g-funk songs, especially in the early 1990s, and so has attained an association not only with gang violence and crime, but with rap music as well. The city is known as the home of many famous rappers. For the Ice T album, see Gangsta Rap (album). ... G-funk, an abbreviation of Gangsta-funk, is a type of hip hop music that emerged from West Coast gangsta rap in the early 1990s. ...


Compton was also the home of U.S. Presidents George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush, who lived there a short time in 1949-50. Order: 41st President Vice President: Dan Quayle Term of office: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican George Herbert Walker Bush, KBE (born June... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ...


Economy

Compton was recently designated as an “Entrepreneurial Hot Spot” by Cognetics, Inc., an independent economic research firm. Compton made the national list for best places to start and grow a business, and ranked #2 in Los Angeles County out of a field of 88 cities.[12] The city provides a business assistance program consisting of a comprehensive mix of resources to small business owners and entrepreneurs. Map of California showing Los Angeles County. ...


Compton is surrounded by multiple freeways which provide access to destinations throughout the region. The Long Beach and Los Angeles Ports are less than 20 minutes from downtown Compton, providing access to international destinations for customers and suppliers. The Alameda Corridor, a passageway for 25% of all U.S. waterborne international trade, runs directly through Compton from north to south. The Alameda Corridor is a 20 mile (32 km) freight rail expressway directly connecting the national rail system near downtown Los Angeles, California to the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach, running parallel to Alameda Street. ...


Transportation

Four freeways are within easy reach of the city's boundaries and provide access to destinations throughout the region. These include Interstate Highways 105, 110, 710, and State Route 91. Interstate 105 (abbreviated I-105) is an interstate highway that runs east-west in southern Los Angeles County, California. ... “Harbor Freeway” redirects here. ... The Long Beach Freeway, signed as Interstate 710 throughout its entire length and likewise as California State Highway 7 prior to 1981, is a freeway running for 23 miles in a north-south direction through Los Angeles County, California. ... State Route 91, also known as simply The 91, is a major east-west freeway located entirely within Southern California and serving several regions of the Greater Los Angeles metropolitan area. ...


The Metro Blue Line light rail runs north-south through the city; Compton Station is in the heart of the city, adjacent to the Renaissance Shopping Center. The Blue Line connects Compton to downtown Los Angeles and downtown Long Beach. The Metro Blue Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a light rail line connecting Downtown Los Angeles at the 7th St/Metro Center station and Downtown Long Beach. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... Compton is a station on the Metro line. ...


Compton/Woodley Airport is a small general aviation airport located in the city. The airport lies within busy airspace, as it is situated within a few miles of both Los Angeles International Airport and Long Beach Airport. Compton/Woodley Airport (IATA: CPM, ICAO: KCPM) is an airport located in Compton, California serving southern Los Angeles County. ... A general aviation scene at Kemble Airfield, England. ... LAX and KLAX redirect here. ... Long Beach Municipal Airport is located in Long Beach, California, and to a degree, serves Los Angeles, California and Orange County, California. ...


Greyhound Lines operates the Compton Station.[13] This article is about the US bus line. ...


Collectively, these multi–faceted transportation links lend justification to the city's familiar name of "the Hub City."[citation needed]


Education

The city is served by Compton Unified School District. The district is a participant of the FOCUS program conducted by the University of California, Irvine. The goals of the program is to improve mathematics and science achievement by uniting the efforts of mathematics, science, education and research library faculty and staff with educators of the school district.[14] Compton Unified School District is a school district in Compton, Los Angeles County, California. ... The University of California, Irvine is a public research university primarily situated in suburban Irvine, California, USA. Founded in 1965, it is one of ten University of California campuses and is commonly known as UCI or UC Irvine. ...


There are currently three high schools that are part of CUSD, which are Centennial High School, Dominguez High School, and Compton High School. Aerial photograph of Dominguez High School. ... Compton High School billboard with main building in the background. ...


The city is also served by Compton Community College, Reed Christian College and Yuin University. Compton Community College is a public two-year college established in 1927, located in Compton, California. ...

  • M.E.S.A. It is a Mathematical, Engineering, Science Achievement Program. Roosevelt Middle School has recently won the M.P.V. (Multi-Purpose Vehicle) competition for Compton. Omar Guzman, Bryan Elenes, Jose Moreno, and Francisco Capilla won the preliminary competition , but was later beat by a team from the same school at regionals which qualified that team for State and later Nationals. The four man group was composed of Alejandro Lopez, Bryan Elenes, Leonelly Diaz, And Daniel Ceasar. The team made it all the way to the top and won nationals in UC Riverside, which hosted the national competition for that year. The year after a second group from Roosevelt middle school won the competition as well, but this time it was hosted in Maryland, New Mexico.

City sites

  • The Heritage House serves as an important landmark of Compton's rich history. Located at the corner of Myrrh and Willowbrook near the Civic Center Plaza, the Heritage House is a rustic-looking home that will eventually house a museum detailing early life in Compton. For now it demarks the stark difference between the simple life of the 1800s and the fast-paced urban environment of the 21st century.
  • Tomorrow’s Aeronautical Museum is a unique compilation of a living interactive museum, programs and adult flight school.

The Major League Baseball Urban Youth Academy is a youth baseball academy located in Compton, California providing free baseball and softball instruction to Southern California youth, ages 8-17. ...

Sister cities

The following cities are sister cities of Compton, California. Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm Town twinning or sister cities is a concept whereby towns or cities from geographically and politically distinct areas are paired, with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Location of Cancún Location of Cancún Coordinates: , Country Mexico State Municipality Benito Juárez Foundation April 20, 1970 Government  - Mayor Francisco Antonio Alor Quezada (PRI) Highest elevation 10 m (30 ft) Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft) Population (2005)  - Total 572,973  - Demonym Cancunense Time zone CST (UTC... Quintana Roo is a state of Mexico, on the eastern part of the Yucatán Peninsula. ...

See also

South Los Angeles South Los Angeles is the official name for a large geographic and cultural portion lying to the southwest and southeast of downtown Los Angeles, California. ...

Further reading

  1. Adams, Emily, "Bush's Compton Roots Raise Thorny Issue", Los Angeles Times, August 3, 1992, page B-1
  2. Miller, Gary J., Cities by Contract: The Politics of Municipal Incorporation, The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts and London, England, 1981
  3. Gould, Lewis L. (editor), American First Ladies: Their Lives and Their Legacy, Garland Publishing, New York and London, 1996. See pages 612-613 regarding the Bush family's "nomadic" existence in the cities of Huntington Park, Bakersfield, Whittier, Ventura and Compton, California.
  4. The George Bush Presidential Library web site states that during the period from 1948 to 1951, "Bush and his family moved several times, living successively in Odessa, Texas; Ventura, Bakersfield, and Compton, California; and Midland, Texas." Zapata Oil Files, 1943-1983 The web site also includes a photograph of George W. Bush and Robin Bush in Compton, dated December 1949.

is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Location of Huntington Park in California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1906-09-01 [2] Government  - Mayor Juan R. Noguez [1] Area  - City  3. ... Bakersfield redirects here. ... Whittier is a city in Los Angeles County, California about 12 miles (19 km) southeast of Los Angeles. ... Coordinates: , Country State County Ventura Government  - Mayor Christy Weir  - Senate Tom McClintock (R)  - Assembly Pedro Nava (D)  - U. S. Congress Lois Capps (D) Area  - Total 32. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Pauline Robinson Bush (December 20, 1949, in Compton, California-October 11, 1953 in Connecticut) was the second child of George H. W. Bush and Barbara Bush and the younger sister of George W. Bush. ...

References

  1. ^ Compton (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau
  2. ^ Diane Pucin, Compton is Bruin country, Los Angeles Times, March 29, 2007.
  3. ^ The Morgan Quitno Awards. Morgan Quitno Corporation
  4. ^ Garvey, Megan and Rong-Gong Lin II (May 16, 2005). "Compton Stung By Steep Rise in Killings." Los Angeles Times. A1.
  5. ^ Scott, Allen John and Edward Soja (1996). The City: Los Angeles and Urban Theory at the End of the Twentieth Century Berkeley: University of California Press. 10.
  6. ^ Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?. Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved on 2008-02-10.
  7. ^ LA Suburb sees murder rates soar. BBC News
  8. ^ Former Compton Mayor among Five Officials Arrested after Probe. BlackPressUSA
  9. ^ US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990. United States Census Bureau (2005-05-03). Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ Compton (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau
  12. ^ Compton Celebrates 116th Birthday. City of Compton
  13. ^ "Compton Greyhound Station," Greyhound Lines
  14. ^ FOCUS Progam Participants. FOCUS at UCI

is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the US bus line. ...

External links

  • City of Compton - official city website
  • LASD in Compton
  • MLB Youth Baseball Academy of Compton
  • Compton Creek Watershed Management Plan
  • Tomorrow's Aeronautical Museum at Compton-Woodley Airport
  • Birthing A New Compton
  • Compton, California is at coordinates 33°53′48″N 118°13′30″W / 33.896715, -118.225078 (Compton, California)Coordinates: 33°53′48″N 118°13′30″W / 33.896715, -118.225078 (Compton, California)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Compton, California at AllExperts (1460 words)
Compton is notorious for being the city with the highest crime rate in all of California.
Compton's crime is due mainly to its economic condition and its location as the center of the South Los Angeles "ghettos" and drug trade.
Compton's notoriety as a dangerous city is exaggerated by the rise of the gangsta rap group N.W.A, among others, and it is generally safe to walk outside in the daytime.
Compton: Weather and Much More from Answers.com (2491 words)
Compton is known for being a city with one of the highest violent crime rates in California.
Compton's crime is mainly due to its economic condition and its location as the center of the South Bay "ghettos".
Compton's violent reputation was perhaps popularized by the rise to prominence of the local gangsta rap group N.W.A. during the late 1980s.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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