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Encyclopedia > Complete game

In baseball, a complete game (denoted by CG) is the act of a pitcher pitching an entire game himself, without the benefit of a relief pitcher. A complete game can be either a win or a loss. A view of the playing field at Busch Memorial Stadium, St. ... mcv ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


As demonstrated by the charts below, in the late 1800s, it was common for most good pitchers to pitch a complete game almost every start. As the 20th century went on, complete games became less and less common, to the point where a good pitcher typically achieves only 1 or 2 complete games a season today. To put this in perspective, as recently as 15-20 years ago, 10-15 complete games a year by a star pitcher was not unheard of, and in 1980, Oakland A's pitcher Rick Langford threw 22 consecutive complete games.


This change has been brought about by strict pitch counts and new pitching philosophies in general. Most pitchers now try primarily to get strikeouts, which leads to more pitches being thrown and more stress on the pitching arm. Many have come to believe that the risk of arm injuries becomes far more prevalent after a pitcher has thrown 100 to 120 pitches in a single game. Though Hall-of-Famer Nolan Ryan once threw well over 200 pitches in a single game (a 1974 contest in which he pitched 13 innings), it is now rare for a manager to allow a pitcher to throw more than 120 pitches in a start.


Given this, sabermetricians generally regard Cy Young's total of 749 complete games as the career baseball record most unlikely to ever be broken. Sabermetrics is the analysis of baseball through objective evidence, especially baseball statistics. ... For the Disney animator, see Cy Young (animator). ...


The last pitcher in the major leagues to throw as many as 10 complete games in a single season was Randy Johnson, who threw 12 complete games in 1999 for the Arizona Diamondbacks. The last pitcher to throw as many as 15 complete games in a single season was Curt Schilling, who accomplished that feat for the Phillies in 1998. The last pitcher to throw 20 complete games in a single season was Fernando Valenzuela, who did so for the Dodgers in 1986. The last pitcher to throw 25 complete games in a season was Rick Langford, who had 28 for the A's in 1980. The last pitcher to throw 30 complete games in a season was Catfish Hunter, who did so for the Yankees in 1975.


In 2006, Aaron Harang of the Reds led the NL with six complete games, and C.C. Sabathia of the Indians led the AL, also with six.

Contents

Career Leaders

All pitchers above are right handed, except for Eddie Plank. For the Disney animator, see Cy Young (animator). ... Pud Galvin baseball card, 1887 James Francis Pud Galvin (December 25, 1856 – March 7, 1902), an American professional baseball pitcher, was Major League Baseballs first 300-game winner. ... Tim Keefe on an 1888 Goodwin & Company baseball card (Goodwin Champions (N162)). Timothy John Keefe (January 1, 1857 - April 23, 1933) was a 19th century Major League Baseball pitcher noted for his longevity and record-setting strikeout totals. ... Walter Perry Johnson (November 6, 1887-December 10, 1946), American professional baseball pitcher. ... Kid Nichols of the Philadelphia Phillies at the West Side Grounds in 1905. ... Robert T. Mathews (November 21, 1851 – April 17, 1898) was a right-handed professional baseball pitcher for twenty years beginning in the late 1860s. ... Michael Francis Welch (July 4, 1859 - July 30, 1941), also known as Mickey Welch, was a 19th century Major League Baseball starting pitcher. ... Charles Radbourn on a 1887_1890 Goodwin & Company baseball card (Old Judge (N172)). Charles Gardner Radbourn (December 11, 1854 _ February 5, 1897), nicknamed Old Hoss, was a pitcher in Major League Baseball prior to the turn of the 20th century. ... 1905 photograph of baseball player John Clarkson. ... Anthony John Mullane (January 30, 1859 - April 25, 1944) was a Major League Baseball player in the late 19th Century. ... James McCormick (November 3, 1856 - March 10, 1918) born in Glasgow, Scotland was a Pitcher for Major League Baseballs Indianapolis Blues (1878), Cleveland Blues (1879-1884), Cincinnati Outlaw Reds (1884), Providence Grays (1885), Chicago White Stockings (1885-86) and Pittsburgh Alleghenys (1887). ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Grover Cleveland Alexander of the Philadelphia Phillies in 1915. ... Christopher Christy Mathewson (August 12, 1880 - October 7, 1925), nicknamed Big Six, The Christian Gentleman, or Matty, was a right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... Jack Powell baseball card John Joseph Powell (July 9, 1874 - October 17, 1944) was former Major League Baseball pitcher around the turn of the century. ... Eddie Plank of the Philadelphia Athletics at South Side Park in 1905. ... William Walter White (October 11, 1854 - August 31, 1911) was an American Major League Baseball pitcher who made his debut on July 20, 1877 with the Boston Red Caps at the age of 23. ... Amos Rusie on a 1895 Mayo Tobacco Works baseball card (Mayos Cut Plug (N300)). Amos Wilson Rusie (May 30, 1871 - December 6, 1942), nicknamed The Hoosier Thunderbolt, was a hard-throwing right-handed Major League Baseball pitcher during the late 19th century. ... Vic Willis baseball card, 1909 Victor Gazaway Willis (April 12, 1876 - August 3, 1947) was a Major League Baseball player. ... Thomas Henry Bond (April 2, 1856 - January 24, 1941) was a 19th century major league baseball pitcher. ...


Active Career Leaders

No active players are in the top 100, all time:


Johnson, Glavine, and Wells are lefties. William Roger Clemens (born August 4, 1962 in Dayton, Ohio), nicknamed The Rocket, is one of the preeminent Major League baseball pitchers of the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s, and is widely considered to be one of the best pitchers of all time[1]. He has won seven Cy Young Awards... Gregory Alan Maddux (born April 14, 1966, in San Angelo, Texas, USA) is a pitcher for the San Diego Padres. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Curtis Montague Schilling (born November 14, 1966 in Anchorage, Alaska) is an American Major League Baseball player, a right-handed starting pitcher for the Boston Red Sox. ... Michael Cole (Mike) Mussina (born December 8, 1968 in Williamsport, Pennsylvania), nicknamed Moose, is a Major League starting pitcher, currently with the New York Yankees. ... Thomas Michael Tom Glavine (born March 25, 1966, Concord, Massachusetts and raised in Billerica, Massachusetts) is a Major League Baseball player for the New York Mets. ... David Lee Wells (born May 20, 1963 in Torrance, California) is a Major League Baseball player who was one of the games better left-handed pitchers at various times during the past several years. ... John Andrew Smoltz (born May 15, 1967 in Warren, Michigan) is a Major League Baseball player. ... Pedro Martinez warming up in right field of Fenway Park before a game, June 22, 2004. ... Eisler Liván Hernández Carrera (born February 20, 1975 in Villa Clara, Cuba), better known as Liván Hernández [lee-VAHN er-NAN-deth], is a right-handed starting pitcher who plays with the Washington Nationals. ...


Numbers through 2006. Courtesy Retrosheet Retrosheet is a non-profit organization whose website features major league baseball box scores and play-by-play narratives for almost every contest from 1957-2005. ...


Single-season Leaders

All pitchers right-handed except Matt Kilroy and Toad Ramsey. William Walter White (October 11, 1854 - August 31, 1911) was an American Major League Baseball pitcher who made his debut on July 20, 1877 with the Boston Red Caps at the age of 23. ... Charles Radbourn on a 1887_1890 Goodwin & Company baseball card (Old Judge (N172)). Charles Gardner Radbourn (December 11, 1854 _ February 5, 1897), nicknamed Old Hoss, was a pitcher in Major League Baseball prior to the turn of the 20th century. ... Pud Galvin baseball card, 1887 James Francis Pud Galvin (December 25, 1856 – March 7, 1902), an American professional baseball pitcher, was Major League Baseballs first 300-game winner. ... Guy Jackson Hecker (April 3, 1856 in Youngsville, Pennsylvania -December 3, 1938) was an American pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... James McCormick (November 3, 1856 - March 10, 1918) born in Glasgow, Scotland was a Pitcher for Major League Baseballs Indianapolis Blues (1878), Cleveland Blues (1879-1884), Cincinnati Outlaw Reds (1884), Providence Grays (1885), Chicago White Stockings (1885-86) and Pittsburgh Alleghenys (1887). ... Pud Galvin baseball card, 1887 James Francis Pud Galvin (December 25, 1856 – March 7, 1902), an American professional baseball pitcher, was Major League Baseballs first 300-game winner. ... 1905 photograph of baseball player John Clarkson. ... 1905 photograph of baseball player John Clarkson. ... Tim Keefe on an 1888 Goodwin & Company baseball card (Goodwin Champions (N162)). Timothy John Keefe (January 1, 1857 - April 23, 1933) was a 19th century Major League Baseball pitcher noted for his longevity and record-setting strikeout totals. ... Bill Hutchison (April 28, 1923–June 18, 1982) was a Australian rules footballer. ... Jim Devlin James Alexander Devlin (June 6, 1849 - October 10, 1883) was one of the best young pitchers in the early National League. ... Matthew Aloysius (Matt) Kilroy (June 21, 1866 in Philadelphia - March 2, 1940) was an American pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... Matthew Aloysius (Matt) Kilroy (June 21, 1866 in Philadelphia - March 2, 1940) was an American pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... Charles Radbourn on a 1887_1890 Goodwin & Company baseball card (Old Judge (N172)). Charles Gardner Radbourn (December 11, 1854 _ February 5, 1897), nicknamed Old Hoss, was a pitcher in Major League Baseball prior to the turn of the 20th century. ... Pud Galvin baseball card, 1887 James Francis Pud Galvin (December 25, 1856 – March 7, 1902), an American professional baseball pitcher, was Major League Baseballs first 300-game winner. ... Bill Hutchison (April 28, 1923–June 18, 1982) was a Australian rules footballer. ... James McCormick (November 3, 1856 - March 10, 1918) born in Glasgow, Scotland was a Pitcher for Major League Baseballs Indianapolis Blues (1878), Cleveland Blues (1879-1884), Cincinnati Outlaw Reds (1884), Providence Grays (1885), Chicago White Stockings (1885-86) and Pittsburgh Alleghenys (1887). ... Silver King (January 11, 1868 - May 21, 1938), born Charles Frederick Koenig in St. ... Anthony John Mullane (January 30, 1859 - April 25, 1944) was a Major League Baseball player in the late 19th Century. ... Michael Francis Welch (July 4, 1859 - July 30, 1941), also known as Mickey Welch, was a 19th century Major League Baseball starting pitcher. ... William Walter White (October 11, 1854 - August 31, 1911) was an American Major League Baseball pitcher who made his debut on July 20, 1877 with the Boston Red Caps at the age of 23. ...


Other Records

  • Jack Taylor completed 185 consecutive games he started between 1901 and 1906.[1]
  • Leon Cadore and Joe Oeschger share the record for the longest complete game, achieved when they pitched against each other in a 26-inning marathon that ended in a 1-1 tie on May, 1 1920.[2]

Jack Taylor warming up in 1903 John W. Jack Taylor (January 14, 1874 – March 4, 1938) was an award-winning right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball for the Chicago Cubs baseball team. ... Joseph Carl Oeschger (May 24, 1892 — July 28, 1986; born in Chicago, Illinois and died in Rohnert Park, California) was a starting pitcher in Major League Baseball. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.baseballhalloffame.org/library/columns/gs_060815.htm
  2. ^ http://www.baseball-almanac.com/recbooks/rb_gamcg.shtml

See also

  • Shutout (Complete game in which the opposing team scores no runs)

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Complete game - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (262 words)
In baseball, a complete game (denoted by CG) is the act of a pitcher pitching an entire game himself, without the benefit of a relief pitcher.
As the 20th century went on, complete games became less and less common, to the point where a good pitcher typically achieves only 1 or 2 complete games a season today.
To put in perspective, as recently as 15-20 years ago, 10-15 complete games a year by a star pitcher was not unheard of.
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