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Encyclopedia > Compiz
This article or section contains information about computer software currently in development.
The content may change as the software development progresses.
Compiz
Compiz logo

Screenshot showing Xgl/Compiz running on Fedora 7
Developer: David Reveman, Matthias Hopf, Dave Arlie, Adam Jackson, Jon Smirl
Latest release: 0.5.0 / April 2, 2007
OS: Unix-like
Genre: Compositing manager
License: MIT License
Website: compiz.org

Compiz is one of the first compositing window managers for the X Window System that is able to take advantage of OpenGL-acceleration. The integration allows it to perform compositing effects in window management, such as a minimization effect and a cube workspace. Compiz conforms to the ICCCM standard and as such can substitute for the default Metacity in GNOME or KWin in KDE. Compiz brings some of the features found in competitors, such as Exposé in Apple's Mac OS X and an Alt-Tab application-switcher that uses live previews, instead of just icons. Compiz is built on the Composite extension to X and the GLX_EXT_texture_from_pixmap extension to OpenGL. The first version of Compiz was released by Novell in January 2006 in the wake of the also new Xgl. Image File history File links Current_event_marker. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Computer program. ... Software development stages In computer programming, development stage terminology expresses how the development of a piece of software has progressed and how much further development it may require. ... Image File history File links Nuvola_apps_kpager. ... Image File history File links Information. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links XglCompizCube. ... Fedora (previously called Fedora Core) is a yum and RPM-based GNU/Linux distribution, developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat. ... Software development is the translation of a user need or marketing goal into a software product. ... David Reveman is a software developer. ... A software release is the distribution, whether public or private, of an initial or new and upgraded version of a computer software product. ... April 2 is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... // An operating system (OS) is a set of computer programs that manage the hardware and software resources of a computer. ... Diagram of the relationships between several Unix-like systems A Unix-like operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification. ... Computer software can be organized into categories based on common function, type, or field of use. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... The MIT License, also called the X License or the X11 License, originated at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, is a license for the use of certain types of computer software. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... In the X Window System, a compositing window manager is a unified X window manager and compositing manager program. ... KDE 3. ... OpenGL (Open Graphics Library) is a standard specification defining a cross-language cross-platform API for writing applications that produce 3D computer graphics (and 2D computer graphics as well). ... In visual effects post-production, compositing refers to creating new images or moving images by combining images from different sources – such as real-world digital video, film, synthetic 3-D imagery, 2-D animations, painted backdrops, digital still photographs, and text. ... In computing, the Inter-Client Communication Conventions Manual (almost universally referred to by its initials, ICCCM) is a standard for X Window System clients to interoperate on a single server. ... Metacity is the default window manager for the GNOME desktop environment. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... In Unix computing, Kwin is a window manager for the X Window System. ... KDE (K Desktop Environment) (IPA: ) is a free software project which aims to be a powerful system for an easy-to-use desktop environment. ... Mac OS X 10. ... Apple Inc. ... Mac OS X (official IPA pronunciation: ) is a line of proprietary, graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Apple Inc. ... Alt-Tab is the common name for a complex keyboard shortcut on Microsoft Windows 3. ... Novell Inc. ... Cube view on a hardware accelerated Xgl server Xgl is an X server architecture designed to take advantage of modern graphics cards via their OpenGL drivers, layered on top of OpenGL via glitz. ...


Initially Compiz only functioned on the types of hardware well supported by Xgl. Most NVIDIA and ATI graphics cards are known to work with Compiz on Xgl, although bugs both in Xgl and Compiz still remain as both systems are essentially brand new, and are still in heavy development. As of May 22, 2006 Compiz works with modifications on the standard X.Org server, with AIGLX enabled. With AIGLX, Intel cards can also be used with Compiz, including mobile cards. NVIDIA Corporation (NASDAQ: NVDA) (pronounced ) is an American corporation specializing in the manufacture of GPU technologies for video cards, graphics cards, workstations, desktop computers, handhelds and more. ... The current version of the article or section is written like a magazine article instead of the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Compiz running on Fedora Core 6 with AIGLX. Accelerated Indirect GLX (AIGLX) is an open source project founded by Red Hat and the Fedora Linux community to allow accelerated indirect GLX rendering capabilities to X.org and DRI drivers. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ...


NVIDIA's binary-drivers (since Version 1.0-9629) support GLX_EXT_texture_from_pixmap on standard X.Org server (see Hardware Requirements).


Recently, discussions between Beryl and Compiz have led to an agreement to merge the two projects in Compiz Fusion, which "(...) will be based on the latest Compiz core and will provide the 'best' plugins, decorators, settings tools, and related applications from each community."[1][2][3] Beryl is a compositing window manager for the X Window System. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

Features

Internal

  • translucency, dimming, desaturation

Included plugins

Compiz in Film Reel mode, displaying multiple desktop workspaces at once. On the left is an office workspace, in the center an internet workspace, and on the right an administrative workspace.
Compiz in Film Reel mode, displaying multiple desktop workspaces at once. On the left is an office workspace, in the center an internet workspace, and on the right an administrative workspace.
  • Annotate: draw things on top of all windows
  • Clone: duplicate output on two screens
  • Cube: each virtual desktop becomes a face on a cube
  • Decoration: a plugin to communicate decoration settings to a decorator
  • Dbus: dbus interfacing
  • Fade: windows fade in and out
  • Gconf: settings come from GNOME
  • Ini: Text based configuration
  • Inotify: an inotify plugin which allows plugin developers to easily access inotify. It is currently used to notify settings programs when new plugins are added to the plugins directory.
  • Minimize: windows minimize (and maximize) with an animation effect
  • Move: window moving
  • Place: placement of new windows
  • Png: allows plugin developers to load PNG files as textures without worrying about the image format.
  • Resize: window resizing
  • Rotate: the desktop cube can be rotated
  • Scale: an overview of all open windows (similar to Mac OS X's Exposé)
  • Svg: allows plugin developers to load svg files as textures. Other image plugins can be added so that extra image types will be seamlessly supported.
  • Switcher: active window can be chosen with Alt-Tab
  • Video: accelerated video output
  • Water: ripples trailing mouse and rain effect
  • Wobbly: windows ripple while they move
  • Zoom: magnifies a part of screen

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 235 pixelsFull resolution (1278 × 376 pixel, file size: 306 KB, MIME type: image/png) Self-created image of Compiz in Film Reel mode (display and scroll through multiple desktops) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 235 pixelsFull resolution (1278 × 376 pixel, file size: 306 KB, MIME type: image/png) Self-created image of Compiz in Film Reel mode (display and scroll through multiple desktops) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete... D-BUS is a message message bus system, designed to enable applications to inter-communicate. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... PNG (Portable Network Graphics) is a bitmapped image format that employs lossless data compression. ... Mac OS X (official IPA pronunciation: ) is a line of proprietary, graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Apple Inc. ... Mac OS X 10. ...

Community Plugins (Compiz Fusion)

  • Animation: animation effects for window events
  • Benchmark: plugin to gauge performance
  • Bs: brightness and saturation control
  • Crashhandler: crash handling through gdb and recovery
  • Cube Reflection: Draws a reflection of the cube
  • Group And Tabs: group windows and access them through a tab bar similar to the well-known feature in browsers
  • Negative: inverts color of a window or screen
  • Put: moves windows using key binds
  • Reflection: watermarks window decorations, similar to Aero-Glass by default
  • Screenshot: mode to capture screen regions with the mouse
  • State: set default opacity and other options for types of windows
  • Trailfocus: unfocused windows fade with time
  • Mousegestures: advanced mouse gestures to control effect

Decorators

Compiz uses small programs called decorators which draw the window borders with the usual minimize, maximize and close buttons. Compiz provides two window decorators.

  • gtk-window-decorator uses either a basic cairo based rendering engine or can use metacity themes.
  • kde-window-decorator uses native KDE themes

In addition, Emerald, Beryl's custom decorator with its own theme format, has been ported to Compiz as part of the Compiz Fusion project (see below) and is available in unofficial packages.[4] Metacity is the default window manager for the GNOME desktop environment. ... KDE (K Desktop Environment) (IPA: ) is a free software project which aims to be a powerful system for an easy-to-use desktop environment. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Patches

Along with plugins, the Compiz community developers often release code patches for existing plugins when the feature does not warrant a plugin of its own; or when it utilizes many of the portions of an existing plugin. Code patches can then be sent to the mailing list for eventual inclusion in the main Compiz distribution. The community provides a valuable testing ground for new ideas.


Deployments

Compiz is currently available in the following Linux distributions (either officially or through a third party):

  • Arch Linux - available in the [community] repository.
  • Debian GNU/Linux - available in stable (etch) and later versions.
  • Fedora Core and Fedora 7
  • Foresight Linux - installed but not activated in a default 1.0.1 installation.
  • Frugalware Linux - available in the extra repository in 0.4 and onwards (howto here)
  • Gentoo Linux - through work found in Hanno's Blog (for Xgl) and Hanno's Blog (for aiglx) and the HOWTO XGL on Gentoo Wiki as well as the XeffectsPortage overlay and the CoffeBuzz's Portage overlay.
  • Mandriva Linux - both Xgl and Aiglx with Compiz are included as standard in Mandriva 2007, including the "Mandriva One" live CDs.
  • PCLinuxOS - both Compiz and Beryl are available in the 2007 release.
  • PLD Linux Distribution - available in PLD 3.0 (Th)
  • Slackware Linux - available in the stable 12.0[1], release.
  • SUSE Linux - Version 10.1 of this Linux distribution contains out of the box support for Xgl and Compiz. Tutorials for using Xgl and Compiz on older SUSE Linux version are available at the OpenSUSE.org website. [2]
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop - SLED 10 and newer include both Xgl and Compiz, along with an easy configuration panel icon to enable/disable the visual effects.
  • Ubuntu - available in Ubuntu 6.06 LTS and later from in the universe apt repository. Included by default as "Desktop-Effects" in Ubuntu 7.04 (Feisty Fawn).

Compiz (Aiglx and XGL) can also be set up on almost any other GNU/Linux-based distribution if the code is compiled correctly; however, there is no support available for this and it is not a straight-forward procedure. Arch Linux is a Linux distribution founded by Judd Vinet that emphasizes simplicity. ... Debian is a project based around the development of a free, complete operating system through the collaboration of volunteers from around the world. ... Fedora Core is an RPM-based Linux distribution, developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat. ... Fedora (previously called Fedora Core) is a yum and RPM-based GNU/Linux distribution, developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat. ... Foresight Desktop Linux is a GNU/Linux distribution of free and non-free software. ... Frugalware Linux is a general-purpose Linux distribution, designed for intermediate users, who are familiar with command-line operations. ... The Gentoo Linux operating system (pronounced ) is a Linux distribution named after the Gentoo penguin. ... SabayonLinux (formerly known as RR4 Linux/RR64 Linux) is a Gentoo-based Linux distribution created by Fabio Erculiani. ... Screenshot of the Xgl abilities of the Kororaa live CD Kororaa is a Gentoo based Linux distribution which aims at easy installing of a Gentoo system by using install scripts instead of manually configuration. ... Gnoppix 0. ... VidaLinux is a Linux distribution based on Gentoo. ... Mandriva Linux (formerly Mandrakelinux or Mandrake Linux) is a Linux distribution created by Mandriva (formerly Mandrakesoft). ... PCLinuxOS, often abbreviated as PCLOS, is a desktop Linux distribution. ... Three varieties of beryl: Morganite, Aquamarine, and Heliodor The mineral beryl is a beryllium aluminium cyclosilicate with the chemical formula Be3Al2(SiO3)6. ... PLD is a free, RPM-based Linux distribution, aimed at the more advanced users and administrators, who accept the tradeoffs of using a system, that might require manual tweaking in exchange for much flexibility. ... Slackware is a Linux distribution. ... SUSE (pronounced , loosely [SOO-zuh] [1] in English) is a major retail Linux distribution, produced in Germany and owned by Novell, Inc. ... SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop (SLED), formerly Novell Linux Desktop is a desktop-oriented Linux distribution supplied by Novell and targeted at the business market. ... Ubuntu (IPA pronunciation ) is a predominantly desktop-oriented Linux distribution, based on Debian GNU/Linux but with a stronger focus on usability, regular releases, and ease of installation. ... Advanced Packaging Tool, or APT, is a package management system used by Debian and its derivatives. ... Ubuntu (IPA pronunciation ) is a predominantly desktop-oriented Linux distribution, based on Debian GNU/Linux but with a stronger focus on usability, regular releases, and ease of installation. ...


Beryl-Compiz Merge

As of March 30th, Beryl and Compiz have decided to merge their projects back into one[5]. The Beryl forums are no longer active as the project is being shutdown in favor of the new merged project at OpenCompositing web site. The initial working name was CompComm or Composite Community, and the new official name is Compiz Fusion[6]; its main activity will be focused in installation, configuration and additional plugins to be added to the core functionalities of Compiz, which will be responsible of core and base plugins. Beryl is a compositing window manager for the X Window System. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


See also

Free software Portal

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... KDE 3. ... OpenGL (Open Graphics Library) is a standard specification defining a cross-language cross-platform API for writing applications that produce 3D computer graphics (and 2D computer graphics as well). ... Cube view on a hardware accelerated Xgl server Xgl is an X server architecture designed to take advantage of modern graphics cards via their OpenGL drivers, layered on top of OpenGL via glitz. ... Theres no denying that thin client has become a buzzword in the computing industry of late. ... Compiz running on Fedora Core 6 with AIGLX. Accelerated Indirect GLX (AIGLX) is an open source project founded by Red Hat and the Fedora Linux community to allow accelerated indirect GLX rendering capabilities to X.org and DRI drivers. ... Beryl is a compositing window manager for the X Window System. ... Yodm 3D (short for: Yet anOther Desktop Manager 3D) is a virtual desktop manager available for Windows 2000, XP and Vista[1]. // It offers a cube-effect[2] like e. ...

References

  1. ^ Storm, Quinn. [beryl-dev Merge On (details still to be decided)]. Retrieved on 2007-03-23.
  2. ^ Carr, Robert. [beryl-dev Beryl and Compiz Merge: What's actually going on?]. Retrieved on 2007-03-25.
  3. ^ Laramie, Jeffrey. [compiz Compiz and Beryl are Reuniting]. Retrieved on 2007-04-04.
  4. ^ OpenCompositing forums - Compiz and Compiz Fusion GIT repository for Ubuntu. Retrieved on 2007-06-21.
  5. ^ Merge Announcement
  6. ^ OpenCompositing forums - CompComm has a real name! "Compiz Fusion". Retrieved on 2007-06-21.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Video demonstration of Compiz on Xgl
  • Video demonstration of IBM motion sensor integration
  • Freedesktop.org wiki for Compiz
  • Linux Edge report Compiz Window Manager Released - Slides, screenshots and a video with more effects
  • Install Compiz on Ubuntu - HOWTO
  • Compiz on Open SUSE 10.1 - HOWTO
  • Install Compiz on Open SUSE 10.2 - HOWTO
  • Install Compiz on Gentoo - HOWTO
  • Install Compiz on ArchLinux - HOWTO
  • Debian HOW-TO : AIGLX + Compiz How to install Compiz with AIGLX on Debian

 
 

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