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Encyclopedia > Comparison of document markup languages

The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of document markup languages. Please see the individual markup languages' articles for further information. A specialized markup language using SGML is used to write the electronic version of the Oxford English Dictionary. ...


General information

Basic general information about the markup languages: creator, version, etc.

Creator First public release date Latest stable version Editor Viewer
DocBook The Davenport Group 1992 4.4 Text editor HTML and PDF converters (For printing)
HTML Tim Berners-Lee 1993 4.01 Text editor, HTML editor Web browser
MathML W3C July 1999 2.0 Text editor, TeX converter Web browser, Word processor
MIF Adobe Systems before or during 1993 7.0 Text editor, FrameMaker FrameMaker
MOOX Microsoft Office suite Office suite
RTF Microsoft 1987 1.8 Text editor, Word processor Word processor
ODF OASIS 2005 1.0 Text editor, Word processor Word processor
TeX Donald Knuth 1978 3.141592 Text editor DVI or PDF converter
UOML Arne Gerdes 2006 1.0 Text editor XHTML and PDF converters (For printing)
WML WAP Forum  ? 2.0 Text editor Microbrowser
XHTML W3C January 26, 2000 1.1 Text editor, HTML editor Web browser
Creator First public release date Latest stable version Editor Viewer

An editor is a software tool. ... DocBook is a markup language for technical documentation, originally intended for authoring technical documents, related to computer hardware and software but which can be used for any other sort of documentation. ... Notepad is the standard text editor for Microsoft Windows A text editor is a piece of computer software for editing plain text. ... A piece of HTML code with syntax highlighting In computing, HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is a markup language designed for the creation of web pages with hypertext and other information to be displayed in a web browser. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... A piece of HTML code with syntax highlighting In computing, HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is a markup language designed for the creation of web pages with hypertext and other information to be displayed in a web browser. ... Sir Tim Berners-Lee Sir Tim (Timothy John) Berners-Lee, KBE (TimBL or TBL) (b. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Notepad is the standard text editor for Microsoft Windows A text editor is a piece of computer software for editing plain text. ... An HTML editor is a software application for creating web pages. ... It has been suggested that Comparison of web browsers be merged into this article or section. ... Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) is an application of XML for representing mathematical symbols and formulae, aimed at integrating them into World Wide Web documents. ... The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is a consortium that produces standards—recommendations, as they call them—for the World Wide Web. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Notepad is the standard text editor for Microsoft Windows A text editor is a piece of computer software for editing plain text. ... The TeX logo The TeX mascot, by Duane Bibby ΤΕΧ, written as TeX in plain text, is a typesetting system created by Donald Knuth. ... It has been suggested that Comparison of web browsers be merged into this article or section. ... A word processor (also more formally known as a document preparation system) is a computer application used for the production (including composition, editing, formatting, and possibly printing) of any sort of viewable or printed material. ... A proprietary markup language associated with Adobe Systems FrameMaker product for technical document preparation. ... Adobe Systems (NASDAQ: ADBE) (LSE: ABS) is an American computer software company headquartered in San Jose, California that was founded in December 1982 by John Warnock and Charles Geschke. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Notepad is the standard text editor for Microsoft Windows A text editor is a piece of computer software for editing plain text. ... Adobe FrameMaker is a desktop publishing application that is popular for large documents. ... Adobe FrameMaker is a desktop publishing application that is popular for large documents. ... It has been suggested that WordprocessingML be merged into this article or section. ... Microsoft Corporation (NASDAQ: MSFT, SEHK: 4338) is an international computer technology corporation with 2005 global annual sales of close to $40 billion USD and about 64,000 employees in 85 countries and regions which develops, manufactures, licenses, and supports a wide range of software products for computing devices. ... In computing, an office suite, sometimes called an office application suite, productivity suite, offimatic suite or integrated offimatic program, is a software suite intended to be used by typical clerical and knowledge workers. ... In computing, an office suite, sometimes called an office application suite, productivity suite, offimatic suite or integrated offimatic program, is a software suite intended to be used by typical clerical and knowledge workers. ... The Rich Text Format (often abbreviated to RTF) is a document file format that has been continually developed by Microsoft since 1987 for cross-platform document interchange. ... Microsoft Corporation (NASDAQ: MSFT, SEHK: 4338) is an international computer technology corporation with 2005 global annual sales of close to $40 billion USD and about 64,000 employees in 85 countries and regions which develops, manufactures, licenses, and supports a wide range of software products for computing devices. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Notepad is the standard text editor for Microsoft Windows A text editor is a piece of computer software for editing plain text. ... A word processor (also more formally known as a document preparation system) is a computer application used for the production (including composition, editing, formatting, and possibly printing) of any sort of viewable or printed material. ... A word processor (also more formally known as a document preparation system) is a computer application used for the production (including composition, editing, formatting, and possibly printing) of any sort of viewable or printed material. ... The OpenDocument format (ODF), short for the OASIS Open Document Format for Office Applications, is an open document file format for saving and exchanging editable office documents such as text documents (including memos, reports, and books), spreadsheets, charts, and presentations. ... Oasis in the Libyan part of the Sahara In geography, an oasis is an isolated area of vegetation in a desert, typically surrounding a spring or similar water source. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Notepad is the standard text editor for Microsoft Windows A text editor is a piece of computer software for editing plain text. ... A word processor (also more formally known as a document preparation system) is a computer application used for the production (including composition, editing, formatting, and possibly printing) of any sort of viewable or printed material. ... A word processor (also more formally known as a document preparation system) is a computer application used for the production (including composition, editing, formatting, and possibly printing) of any sort of viewable or printed material. ... The TeX logo The TeX mascot, by Duane Bibby ΤΕΧ, written as TeX in plain text, is a typesetting system created by Donald Knuth. ... Donald Knuth at a reception for the Open Content Alliance. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... Notepad is the standard text editor for Microsoft Windows A text editor is a piece of computer software for editing plain text. ... DVI (DeVice Independent) is the output file format of the TeX typesetting program, designed by Donald Knuth in 1979. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Notepad is the standard text editor for Microsoft Windows A text editor is a piece of computer software for editing plain text. ... The Extensible HyperText Markup Language, or XHTML, is a markup language that has the same expressive possibilities as HTML, but a stricter syntax. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Wireless Markup Language is the primary content format for devices that implement the WAP (Wireless Application Protocol) specification based on XML, such as mobile phones. ... Notepad is the standard text editor for Microsoft Windows A text editor is a piece of computer software for editing plain text. ... A microbrowser (sometimes minibrowser or mobile browser) is a web browser designed for use on a handheld device such as a PDA or mobile phone. ... The Extensible HyperText Markup Language, or XHTML, is a markup language that has the same expressive possibilities as HTML, but a stricter syntax. ... The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is a consortium that produces standards—recommendations, as they call them—for the World Wide Web. ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Notepad is the standard text editor for Microsoft Windows A text editor is a piece of computer software for editing plain text. ... An HTML editor is a software application for creating web pages. ... It has been suggested that Comparison of web browsers be merged into this article or section. ... An editor is a software tool. ...

Characteristics

Some characteristics of the markup languages.

Major purpose Based on Markup type Structural markup Presentational markup *
DocBook Technical document SGML / XML Tag Yes No
HTML Hypertext document SGML Tag Yes Yes
MathML Mathematical document XML Tag Yes Yes
MIF Technical document Tag Yes Yes
MOOX XML/ZIP Tag Yes Yes
RTF Rich text document Control code Yes Yes
ODF XML/ZIP Tag Yes Yes
TeX Academic document Control code Yes Yes
UOML Hypertext document XML Tag Yes (UOML/STRUCTURE) Yes (UOML/STYLE)
WML Hypertext document XML Tag Yes Yes
XHTML Hypertext document XML Tag Yes Yes
Major purpose Based on Markup type Structural markup Presentational markup

*  Many markup languages have purposely avoided presentational markups. For markup languages based on SGML and XML, CSS is used as a presentation layer. †  MathML comes in two mark-up syntaxes: a semantic and a presentational. DocBook is a markup language for technical documentation, originally intended for authoring technical documents, related to computer hardware and software but which can be used for any other sort of documentation. ... The Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) is a metalanguage in which one can define markup languages for documents. ... The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a W3C-recommended general-purpose markup language for creating special-purpose markup languages, capable of describing many different kinds of data. ... A piece of HTML code with syntax highlighting In computing, HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is a markup language designed for the creation of web pages with hypertext and other information to be displayed in a web browser. ... In computing, hypertext is a user interface paradigm for displaying documents which, according to an early definition (Nelson 1970), branch or perform on request. ... The Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) is a metalanguage in which one can define markup languages for documents. ... Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) is an application of XML for representing mathematical symbols and formulae, aimed at integrating them into World Wide Web documents. ... Euclid, detail from The School of Athens by Raphael. ... The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a W3C-recommended general-purpose markup language for creating special-purpose markup languages, capable of describing many different kinds of data. ... A proprietary markup language associated with Adobe Systems FrameMaker product for technical document preparation. ... It has been suggested that WordprocessingML be merged into this article or section. ... The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a W3C-recommended general-purpose markup language for creating special-purpose markup languages, capable of describing many different kinds of data. ... The ZIP file format is a popular data compression and archival format. ... The Rich Text Format (often abbreviated to RTF) is a document file format that has been continually developed by Microsoft since 1987 for cross-platform document interchange. ... The OpenDocument format (ODF), short for the OASIS Open Document Format for Office Applications, is an open document file format for saving and exchanging editable office documents such as text documents (including memos, reports, and books), spreadsheets, charts, and presentations. ... The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a W3C-recommended general-purpose markup language for creating special-purpose markup languages, capable of describing many different kinds of data. ... The ZIP file format is a popular data compression and archival format. ... The TeX logo The TeX mascot, by Duane Bibby ΤΕΧ, written as TeX in plain text, is a typesetting system created by Donald Knuth. ... Plato is credited with the inception of academia: the body of knowledge, its development and transmission across generations. ... In computing, hypertext is a user interface paradigm for displaying documents which, according to an early definition (Nelson 1970), branch or perform on request. ... The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a W3C-recommended general-purpose markup language for creating special-purpose markup languages, capable of describing many different kinds of data. ... Wireless Markup Language is the primary content format for devices that implement the WAP (Wireless Application Protocol) specification based on XML, such as mobile phones. ... In computing, hypertext is a user interface paradigm for displaying documents which, according to an early definition (Nelson 1970), branch or perform on request. ... The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a W3C-recommended general-purpose markup language for creating special-purpose markup languages, capable of describing many different kinds of data. ... The Extensible HyperText Markup Language, or XHTML, is a markup language that has the same expressive possibilities as HTML, but a stricter syntax. ... In computing, hypertext is a user interface paradigm for displaying documents which, according to an early definition (Nelson 1970), branch or perform on request. ... The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a W3C-recommended general-purpose markup language for creating special-purpose markup languages, capable of describing many different kinds of data. ... In computing, Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a stylesheet language used to describe the presentation of a document written in a markup language. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
First Steps Towards a Markup Language for Maritime Information (6111 words)
Documents on paper and in other formats (including electronic formats) about weather, port facilities, etc., are widely used, but there is only a small amount of overlap between the nautical chart entities mentioned earlier and this information.
The markup language definition is partitioned into different sub-languages, taking into account the source of the ontological knowledge, the use of markup, interdependencies, and expectations for change control.
Markup language vocabulary can be generated in two ways: first, the obvious relationships already inherent in database schemas, object catalogs, and similar collections; and second, through direct markup of carefully selected samples from the `canonical documents' identified in the analysis stage.
Lessons In Electric Circuits -- Document markup format (4212 words)
There is a history of markup languages and formats used in the creation and presentation of this book series that readers may find interesting (or at least amusing!).
Ideally, documents written using a markup language are completely portable: that is, any single document may be automatically converted to any number of electronic formats for presentation, without any further intervention from the author, because the document uses general terms rather than computer- or printer-specific terms to specify structure and appearance.
Another very important advantage of composing a document in a markup language instead of using a word processor, from the perspective of "open source" projects, is that nothing is hidden from anyone wishing to modify or duplicate the document's structure.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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