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Encyclopedia > Comparative religion
The Major religious groups of the world.

Comparative religion is a field of religious study that analyzes the interpretive differences of common themes, myths, rituals and concepts among the world's religions. Image File history File links Major_religions_2005_pie_small. ... Image File history File links Major_religions_2005_pie_small. ... Major religious groups as a percentage of the world population in 2005. ... It has been suggested that Scientific study of religion be merged into this article or section. ... Religions, sects and denominations Note that the classification hereunder is only one of several possible. ...


The ancient epic Mahabharata noted that “moral principles may be shared by all religions (…) but their philosophical positions are often different”.[1] Manuscript illustration of the Battle of Kurukshetra The (Devanagari: ) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the . ...

Contents

Fields of study

Map showing the prevalence of "Abrahamic" (purple), "Dharmic" (dark yellow), and "Taoic" (light yellow) religions in each country.
Map showing the prevalence of "Abrahamic" (purple), "Dharmic" (dark yellow), and "Taoic" (light yellow) religions in each country.

In the field of comparative religion, the main world religions are classified as either Abrahamic, Dharmic or Taoic. Image File history File links Abraham_Dharma. ... Image File history File links Abraham_Dharma. ... Map showing the prevalence of Abrahamic (purple) and Dharmic (yellow) religions in each country. ... map showing the prevalence of Dharmic (dark yellow), Taoic (light yellow), and Abrahamic (purple) religions in each country. ... map showing the prevalence of Dharmic (dark yellow), Taoic (light yellow), and Abrahamic (purple) religions in each country. ... Major religious groups as a percentage of the world population in 2005. ... Map showing the prevalence of Abrahamic (purple) and Dharmic (yellow) religions in each country. ... map showing the prevalence of Dharmic (dark yellow), Taoic (light yellow), and Abrahamic (purple) religions in each country. ... map showing the prevalence of Dharmic (dark yellow), Taoic (light yellow), and Abrahamic (purple) religions in each country. ...


Areas of study include Origin belief, Humanism and Fundamentalism. An origin belief, or creation myth, is a supernatural story or explanation that describes the beginnings of humanity, earth, life, and the universe (cosmogony). ... Humanism[1] is a broad category of ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people, based on the ability to determine right and wrong by appeal to universal human qualities—particularly rationalism. ... In comparative religion, fundamentalism has come to refer to several different understandings of religious thought and practice, through literal interpretation of religious texts such as the Bible or the Quran and sometimes also anti-modernist movements in various religions. ...

Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ...

Abrahamic religions

The "Tomb of Abraham," cenotaph above the cave traditionally considered to be the burial place of Abraham in the Cave of the Patriarchs.
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Judaism Portal

In the study of comparative religion, the category of Abrahamic religions consists of the three great monotheistic religions, Christianity, Islam and Judaism, which claim Abraham (Hebrew Avraham אַבְרָהָם ; Arabic Ibrahim ابراهيم ) as a part of their sacred history. Other religions (such as the Baha'i faith) that fit this description are sometimes[citation needed] included but also often omitted.[citation needed] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 976 KB) Summary Tomb of Abraham, cenotaph above the cave traditionally considered to be the burial place of Abraham and Sarah in the Cave of the Patriarchs. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 976 KB) Summary Tomb of Abraham, cenotaph above the cave traditionally considered to be the burial place of Abraham and Sarah in the Cave of the Patriarchs. ... The Cenotaph, London A ceremony at the Cenotaph, London, on Sunday 12th June 2005, remembering Irish war dead Memorial Cenotaph, Hiroshima, Japan A cenotaph is a tomb or a monument erected in honor of a person or group of persons whose remains are elsewhere. ... The angel prevents the sacrifice of Isaac (Rembrandt, 1634) Abraham (Hebrew: , Standard Avraham Ashkenazi Avrohom or Avruhom Tiberian  ; Arabic: ,  ; Geez: , ) is a figure in the Bible and Quran who is by believers regarded as the founding patriarch of the Israelites and of the Nabataean people in Jewish, Christian and... The Enclosure of the Cave of the Patriarchs The Cave of the Patriarchs is a religious compound located in the ancient city of Hebron (which lies in the southwest part of the West Bank, in the heart of ancient Judea), and is generally considered by Jews, Christians, and Muslims, to... Image File history File links Portal. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... Monotheism (in Greek monon = single and Theos = God) is the belief in a single, universal, all-encompassing deity. ... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The angel prevents the sacrifice of Isaac (Rembrandt, 1634) Abraham (Hebrew: , Standard Avraham Ashkenazi Avrohom or Avruhom Tiberian  ; Arabic: ,  ; Geez: , ) is a figure in the Bible and Quran who is by believers regarded as the founding patriarch of the Israelites and of the Nabataean people in Jewish, Christian and... Known in India as the Lotus Temple, the Bahai House of Worship attracts an average of three and a half million visitors a year. ...


The original belief in the One God of Abraham eventually became present-day Judaism. Christians believe that Christianity is the fulfillment and continuation of the Jewish Old Testament, with Jesus as the Son of God. Islam believes the present Christian and Jewish scriptures have been modified over time and are no longer the original divine revelations as given to Moses. For Muslims the Qur'an is the final revelation from God, with Muhammad as his messenger. In Jacqueline Careys work, he is called by the Yeshuites Adonai, and is the equivalent of God in modern Christianity, with Yeshua (Jesus) as his son, messiah, and prophet. ... Supersessionism (sometimes referred to as replacement theology by its critics) is a belief that Christianity is the fulfillment and continuation of the Old Testament, and that Jews who deny that Jesus is the Messiah are not being faithful to the revelation that God has given them, and they therefore fall... Note: Judaism commonly uses the term Tanakh. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Son of God is a biblical phrase from the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible), and the New Testament. ... Tahrif (Arabic: ‎ corruption, forgery; the stem-II verbal noun of the consonantal root , to make oblique) is an Arabic term used by Muslims with regard to words, and more specifically with regard to what Jews and Christians are supposed to have done to their respective Scriptures. ... Moses with the Tablets, 1659, by Rembrandt This article is about the Biblical figure. ... This article or section seems to contain too many quotations for an encyclopedia entry. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ...

Main article: Abrahamic religion

Map showing the prevalence of Abrahamic (purple) and Dharmic (yellow) religions in each country. ...

Comparing Abrahamic religions

The historical interaction between Christianity and Islam connects fundamental ideas in Christianity with similar ones in Islam. Islam and Christianity share their origins in the Abrahamic tradition, although Christianity predates Islam by centuries. Islam accepts many aspects of Christianity as part of its faith - with some differences in interpretation - and rejects other aspects. Islam believes the Qur'an is the final revelation from God and a completion of all previous revelations, including the Bible. Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... This article or section seems to contain too many quotations for an encyclopedia entry. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... The Bible is the collection of sacred writings or books of Judaism and Christianity. ...

Further information: Similarities between the Bible and the Qur'an, People of the Book and Tahrif

Christianity and Judaism are two closely related Abrahamic religions that in some ways parallel each other and in other ways fundamentally diverge in theology and practice. The article on Judeo-Christian tradition emphasizes continuities and convergences between the two religions. The article on Christianity and Judaism compares the different views held by both religions. The historical interaction between Christianity and Islam, in the field of comparative religion, connects fundamental ideas in Christianity with similar ones in Islam. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The term People of the Book (Hebrew עם הספר, Am HaSefer) is used in Judaism where it refers specifically to the Jewish people and the Torah. ... Tahrif (Arabic: ‎ corruption, forgery; the stem-II verbal noun of the consonantal root , to make oblique) is an Arabic term used by Muslims with regard to words, and more specifically with regard to what Jews and Christians are supposed to have done to their respective Scriptures. ... Judeo-Christian (or Judaeo-Christian) is a term used to describe the body of concepts and values which are thought to be held in common by Judaism and Christianity, and typically considered (sometimes along with classical Greco-Roman civilization) a fundamental basis for Western legal codes and moral values. ... Judaism and Christianity are two closely related Abrahamic religions that in some ways parallel each other and in other ways fundamentally diverge in theology and practice. ...

Further information: Judeo-Christian and Supersessionism

The historical interaction of Islam and Judaism started in the 7th century CE with the origin and spread of Islam. There are many common aspects between Islam and Judaism, and as Islam developed it gradually became the major religion closest to Judaism. As opposed to Christianity which originated from interaction between ancient Greek and Hebrew cultures, Judaism is similar to Islam in its fundamental religious outlook, structure, jurisprudence and practice.[2] There are many traditions within Islam originating from traditions within the Hebrew Bible or from postbiblical Jewish traditions. These practices are known collectively as the Isra'iliyat.[3] Judaism and Christianity are two closely related Abrahamic religions that in some ways parallel each other and in other ways fundamentally diverge in theology and practice. ... Judeo-Christian (or Judaeo-Christian) is a term used to describe the body of concepts and values which are thought to be held in common by Judaism and Christianity, and typically considered (sometimes along with classical Greco-Roman civilization) a fundamental basis for Western legal codes and moral values. ... Supersessionism (sometimes referred to as replacement theology by its critics) is a belief that Christianity is the fulfillment and continuation of the Old Testament, and that Jews who deny that Jesus is the Messiah are not being faithful to the revelation that God has given them, and they therefore fall... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The History of Islam involves the history of the Islamic faith as a religion and as a social institution. ... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... The word Hebrew most likely means to cross over, referring to the Semitic people crossing over the Euphrates River. ... 11th century manuscript of the Hebrew Bible with Targum This article is about the term Hebrew Bible. For the Hebrew Bible itself, see Tanakh (Jewish term) or Old Testament (Christian term). ... Israiliyat is a term in the Science of hadith who referes to material that origin from Judeo-Christian traditions, rather than from the Islamic prophet Muhammad [1]. Muslims classify them in three categories [1]: Those known to be true because the revelation to the Prophet Muhammad confirms them. ...

Main article: Islam and Judaism
Further information: People of the Book, Tahrif and Joint Jewish and Islamic philosophies

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The term People of the Book (Hebrew עם הספר, Am HaSefer) is used in Judaism where it refers specifically to the Jewish people and the Torah. ... Tahrif (Arabic: ‎ corruption, forgery; the stem-II verbal noun of the consonantal root , to make oblique) is an Arabic term used by Muslims with regard to words, and more specifically with regard to what Jews and Christians are supposed to have done to their respective Scriptures. ... This article incorporates text from the public domain 1901-1906 Jewish Encyclopedia Arabic philosophy dates from the appearance of dissenting sects in Islam. ...

Dharmic religions

The Rig Veda is one of the oldest Vedic texts. Shown here is a Rig Veda manuscript in Devanagari, early nineteenth century.
The Rig Veda is one of the oldest Vedic texts. Shown here is a Rig Veda manuscript in Devanagari, early nineteenth century.
Buddhism Portal
Hinduism Portal
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Sikhism Portal
Zoroastrianism Portal

Dharmic religions are a family of religions that have originated from the Indian subcontinent. They encompass Hinduism and three other religions that have spawned from it—namely Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. Zoroastrianism is usually classified as a dharmic religion, although it also contains elements originating in Abrahamic traditions. Download high resolution version (1161x1125, 419 KB)Rigveda MS in Sanskrit on paper, India, early 19th c. ... Download high resolution version (1161x1125, 419 KB)Rigveda MS in Sanskrit on paper, India, early 19th c. ... The Rig Veda ऋग्वेद (Sanskrit ṛc praise + veda knowledge) is the earliest of the four Hindu religious scriptures known as the Vedas. ... Vedic may refer to: Ancient India the Vedic civilization the Vedas, the oldest preserved Indo-Aryan texts Vedic Sanskrit, their language (see also Vedic meter, Vedic accent, Vedic chant and Shrauta) the historical Vedic religion traditional Hindu culture: Vedic astrology the Ayurveda (Vedic medicine) Ancient Vedic weights and measures modern... Rigveda manuscript in Devanagari (early 19th century) DevanāgarÄ« (देवनागरी — in English pronounced ) (ISCII – IS13194:1991) [1] is an abugida alphabet used to write several Indian languages, including Sanskrit, Hindi, Marathi, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Bihari, Bhili, Konkani, Bhojpuri and Nepali from Nepal. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ... Hinduism (known as in some modern Indian languages[1]) is a religion that originated on the Indian subcontinent. ... Buddhism is a dharmic, non-theistic religion and a philosophy. ... Jainism (pronounced in English as IPA ), traditionally known as Jain Dharma (जैन धर्म), is a dharmic religion and philosophy originating in Ancient India. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is a religion that began in sixteenth century Northern India with the teachings of Nanak and nine successive human gurus. ... Zoroastrianism (Avestan DaÄ“nā Vañuhi the good religion)[1][2] is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra, Zartosht). ...


The religion of the Vedic period is the historical predecessor of the Dharmic religions. Elements of Vedic religion reach back into Proto-Indo-Iranian times. Vedic religion gradually changed into the historical Dharmic religions, notably the Vedanta schools and Buddhism, the former evolving into Puranic Hinduism, the latter diversifying into Chinese and Japanese schools. The Vedic period (or Vedic Age) is the period in the history of India when the sacred Vedic Sanskrit texts such as the Vedas were composed. ... This article discusses the historical religious practices in the Vedic time period; see Dharmic religions for details of contemporary religious practices. ... The term Indo-Iranian includes all speakers of Indo-Iranian languages, i. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Buddhism is a dharmic, non-theistic religion and a philosophy. ... Purana (Sanskrit: , meaning tales of ancient times) is the name of an ancient Indian genre (or a group of related genres) of Hindu or Jain literature (as distinct from oral tradition). ... Hinduism (known as in some modern Indian languages[1]) is a religion that originated on the Indian subcontinent. ...

Main article: Dharmic religion
Further information: Historical Vedic religion

map showing the prevalence of Dharmic (dark yellow), Taoic (light yellow), and Abrahamic (purple) religions in each country. ... This article discusses the historical religious practices in the Vedic time period; see Dharmic religions for details of contemporary religious practices. ...

Comparing Dharmic religions

Buddhism and Hinduism are two closely related Dharmic religions that are in some ways parallel to each other and in other ways divergent in theology and practice. Buddhism and Hinduism are both post-Vedic religions. Gautama Buddha is mentioned as an Avatar of Vishnu in the Puranic texts of Hinduism. Nastik Buddhists believe the Buddha accepted and incorporated many tenets of Hinduism in his doctrine, but also taught that to achieve salvation one did not have to accept the authority of the scriptures or even the existence of God. Buddhism is a dharmic, non-theistic religion and a philosophy. ... Hinduism (known as in some modern Indian languages[1]) is a religion that originated on the Indian subcontinent. ... Vedic may refer to: Ancient India the Vedic civilization the Vedas, the oldest preserved Indo-Aryan texts Vedic Sanskrit, their language (see also Vedic meter, Vedic accent, Vedic chant and Shrauta) the historical Vedic religion traditional Hindu culture: Vedic astrology the Ayurveda (Vedic medicine) Ancient Vedic weights and measures modern... Standing Buddha sculpture, ancient region of Gandhara, northern Pakistan, 1st century CE, Musée Guimet. ... The ten avatars of Lord Vishnu, copyright BBT In Hindu philosophy, an avatar, avatara or avataram (Sanskrit: , IAST: ), most commonly refers to the incarnation (bodily manifestation) of a higher being (deva), or the Supreme Being (God) onto planet Earth. ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari ), (honorific: Sri Vishnu) also known as Narayana is the Supreme Being or Ultimate Reality for Vaishnavas and a manifestation of Brahman in the Advaita or Smarta traditions. ... ... Nastika is a Sanskrit term meaning: It is the antonym of Astika, or one who sees. ... Standing Buddha sculpture, ancient region of Gandhara, northern Pakistan, 1st century CE, Musée Guimet. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ...

Main article: Buddhism and Hinduism
Further information: Buddha as an Avatar of Vishnu and God in Buddhism

Buddhism and Jainism are the two branches of the Shramana tradition that still exist today. Until recently Jainism was largely confined to India, while Buddhism has largely flourished outside of India. However the two traditions share remarkable similarities. In his life, the Buddha undertook many fasts, penances and austerities, the descriptions of which are elsewhere found only in the Jain tradition. Ultimately Buddha abandoned these methods on his discovery of the Middle Way or Magga. To this day, many Buddhist teachings, principles, and terms used in Buddhism are identical to those of Jainism, but they may hold very different meanings for each. Hinduism and Buddhism are two closely related Dharmic religions[1][2] that are in some ways parallel to each other and in other ways divergent in theology and practice. ... Buddha giving the Sermon in the Deer Park, depicted at Wat Chedi Liem-KayEss Gautama Buddha is mentioned as an Avatar of Vishnu in the Puranic texts of Hinduism. ... Buddhism is generally viewed as a religion without a Supreme Being or Creator God. ... A (Sanskrit) or (Pāli) is a wandering monk in certain ascetic traditions of ancient India, including: Jainism Buddhism Ājīvika religion (now extinct) Mahavira, the 24th Jina, and Gautama Buddha were leaders of their shramana orders. ... Jainism (pronounced in English as IPA ), traditionally known as Jain Dharma (जैन धर्म), is a dharmic religion and philosophy originating in Ancient India. ... Buddhism is a dharmic, non-theistic religion and a philosophy. ... Standing Buddha sculpture, ancient region of Gandhara, northern Pakistan, 1st century CE, Musée Guimet. ... The Middle Way or Middle Path (Sanskrit Madhyama Marga, Pali Majjhima Magga) is the Buddhist philosophy expounded by Gautama Buddha. ... The Noble Eightfold Path (Pali: ariya atthangika magga), according to Buddhism and as taught by Siddhartha Buddha, is the way to the cessation of suffering, the fourth part of the Four Noble Truths. ...

Main article: Jainism and Buddhism
Further information: Shramana

Hinduism and Sikhism have had a long and complex relationship. Views range from Sikhism being a distinct faith in itself to Sikhism being a sect of Hinduism. A vast majority of Sikhs oppose the notion that Sikhism is a sect of Hinduism, while others stress the similarities, but recognise that the religions are distinct. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A (Sanskrit) or (Pāli) is a wandering monk in certain ascetic traditions of ancient India, including: Jainism Buddhism Ājīvika religion (now extinct) Mahavira, the 24th Jina, and Gautama Buddha were leaders of their shramana orders. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is a religion that began in sixteenth century Northern India with the teachings of Nanak and nine successive human gurus. ... Hinduism (known as in some modern Indian languages[1]) is a religion that originated on the Indian subcontinent. ...

Hinduism and Zoroastrianism are the two of the oldest surviving religions and derive from a common origin. Both Zoroastrianism and Vedic religions are of Indo-Iranian origin. The oldest sacred texts of both religions have a similar grammar, structure and style, and share words and phrases. The language of the Gathas (the oldest hymns of the Zoroastrian collection of texts known as the Avesta) and the language of the Rig Veda are similar to the point that many translations of Gathic Avestan were made by scholars of Vedic Sanskrit. The connection between Hinduism and Sikh Panth has now been extensively discussed since the origin of the Tat Khalsa Singh Sabha. ... Zoroastrianism (Avestan DaÄ“nā Vañuhi the good religion)[1][2] is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra, Zartosht). ... The term vedic religions collectively refers to Hinduism, since it is the only existent religion that is based on the Vedas. ... Indo-Iranian can refer to: The Indo-Iranian languages The prehistoric Indo-Iranian people, see Aryan This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Gathas (Gāθās) are the most sacred of the texts of the Zoroastrian faith, and are traditionally believed to have been composed by Zarathushtra (Zoroaster) himself. ... See Avesta Municipality for the Swedish town Yasna 28. ... The Rig Veda ऋग्वेद (Sanskrit ṛc praise + veda knowledge) is the earliest of the four Hindu religious scriptures known as the Vedas. ... Avestan is an Eastern Old Iranian language that was used to compose the sacred hymns and canon of the Zoroastrian Avesta. ... Vedic Sanskrit is the language of the Vedas, which are the earliest sacred texts of India,. The Vedas were first passed down orally and therefore have no known date. ...

Jainism and Sikhism have both originated in South Asia and are Eastern philosophical faiths. Jainism, like Buddhism, rejected the authority (but not the values) of the Vedas and created independent textual traditions based on the words and examples of their early teachers. Hinduism and Zoroastrian are the two oldest surviving religions of the world. ... This article is about the geopolitical region in Asia. ... Jainism (pronounced in English as IPA ), traditionally known as Jain Dharma (जैन धर्म), is a dharmic religion and philosophy originating in Ancient India. ... Buddhism is a dharmic, non-theistic religion and a philosophy. ... Veda redirects here. ...

Main article: Jainism and Sikhism

Jainism and Sikhism Both Jainism and Sikhism have originiated in South Asia and are Eastern philosophical faiths. ...

Taoic religions

The Chinese character depicting Tao, the central concept in Taoism.
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A Taoic religion is a religion, or religious philosophy, that focuses on the East Asian concept of Tao ("The Way"). This forms a large group of religions including Taoism, Confucianism, Jeung San Do, Shinto, Yiguandao, Chondogyo, Chen Tao and Caodaism. In large parts of East Asia, Buddhism has taken on some taoic features. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... 漢字 / 汉字 Chinese character in Hanzi, Kanji, Hanja, Hán Tá»±. Red in Simplified Chinese. ... This article is about the Chinese character and the philosophy it represents. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... East Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... This article is about the Chinese character and the philosophy it represents. ... Taoism is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese religious and philosophical traditions and concepts. ... Confucian temple in Jiading district, Shanghai. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Shinto ) is the native religion of Japan and was once its state religion. ... I Kuan-Tao emblem I-Kuan Tao, also Yi Guan Dao, or usually initialized as IKT (一貫道, translated as the Unity Sect) is a new religious movement that originated in twentieth-century China. ... Cheondogyo is a 20th century Korean religious movement, based on the 19th century Donghak movement founded by Choe Je-u. ... Chen Tao is the name for a UFO group that originated in Taiwan. ... Cao Dai Temple Cao Dai (Cao Đài) is a religion founded in 1926 in Tay Ninh, southern Vietnam, by Ngo Van Chieu, an official in the French colonial government, who claimed to have received direct communications from God, ordering him to combine various religions, some from the East and... Buddhism is a dharmic, non-theistic religion and a philosophy. ...


Tao can be roughly stated to be the flow of the universe, or the force behind the natural order. It is believed to be the influence that keeps the universe balanced and ordered and is associated with nature, due to a belief that nature demonstrates the Tao. The flow of Chi, as the essential energy of action and existence, is compared to the universal order of Tao. Following the Tao is also associated with a "proper" attitude, morality and lifestyle. This is intimately tied to the complex concept of De, or literally "virtue". De is the active expression of Tao. This article is about the Chinese character and the philosophy it represents. ... CHI may refer to: CharityHelp International, a non profit organization devoted to utilizing technology for the benefit of small grass roots organizations. ... De (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: te) is a key concept in Chinese philosophy, usually translated inherent character; inner power; integrity in Daoism, moral character; virtue; morality in Confucianism and other contexts, and quality; virtue (guna) or merit; virtuous deeds (punya) in Chinese Buddhism. ...

Main article: Taoic religion
Further information: Tao and De

map showing the prevalence of Dharmic (dark yellow), Taoic (light yellow), and Abrahamic (purple) religions in each country. ... This article is about the Chinese character and the philosophy it represents. ... De (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: te) is a key concept in Chinese philosophy, usually translated inherent character; inner power; integrity in Daoism, moral character; virtue; morality in Confucianism and other contexts, and quality; virtue (guna) or merit; virtuous deeds (punya) in Chinese Buddhism. ...

Comparing Taoic religions

  • Taoism and other religions

Taoism is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese religious and philosophical traditions and concepts. ...

Comparing between traditions

Comparing Eastern and Western religious traditions is closely related to the comparison of, and distinction between, Eastern and Western philosophy. Western tradition refers to prominent faiths in Europe and the Anglosphere, generally focusing on Abrahamic faiths. Eastern tradition refers to important faiths in the Sinosphere and Indosphere, usually focused on Dharmic and Taoic faiths. This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Western philosophy is a modern claim that there is a line of related philosophical thinking, beginning in ancient Greece (Greek philosophy) and the ancient Near East (the Abrahamic religions), that continues to this day. ... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... Definitions of the Anglosphere vary: one definition (depicted, all in blue) includes two node countries – the United Kingdom and the United States – and five outliers: Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, and South Africa. ... Greater China, Singapore, and countries culturally linked to Chinese culture. ... Dark blue: the Indian subcontinent, Light Blue: Other countries culturally linked to India, notably Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Indonesia and Malaysia, Purple: Regions not included in Indosphere, but with significant current or historical Indian cultural influence, notably Afghanistan, Tibet, and Yunnan province of China. ...

Further information: Proto-Indo-Iranian religion and Proto-Indo-European religion

Buddhism This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Proto-Indo-Iranian religion is the term for the religion and beliefs of the Proto-Indo-Iranians, that is, the common predecessor of the various Indo-Iranian peoples. ... Ancient anthropomorphic Ukrainian stone stela (Kernosovka stela), possibly depicting a late Proto-Indo-European god, most likely Dyeus, the thunderer. ...

Christianity Taoism Taoism. ... Parallels between Christianity and Buddhism have been noted across the ages by scholars but are now being more widely appreciated as individuals search accessible Buddhist scriptures in ancient and modern languages. ...

Confucianism Christianity and world religions appear to share some elements. ... Parallels between Christianity and Buddhism have been noted across the ages by scholars but are now being more widely appreciated as individuals search accessible Buddhist scriptures in ancient and modern languages. ...

Hinduism // Both Hinduism and Confucianism are ancient religions, one founded in India and another in China. ...

Islam Hinduism is closely related to the subsequent Dharmic faiths of Jainism and Buddhism. ... // Both Hinduism and Confucianism are ancient religions, one founded in India and another in China. ...

Jainism Islamic comparative religion,a part of the Islamic studies, is the study of religions in the view of Islam. ... Jainism and Islam While Islam is one of the largest religions, Jainism is one of the smallest. ...

Taoism Jainism and Islam While Islam is one of the largest religions, Jainism is one of the smallest. ...

  • Taoism and other religions

Zoroastrianism Taoism is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese religious and philosophical traditions and concepts. ...

  • Zoroastrianism and other religions

Zoroastrianism (Avestan Daēnā Vañuhi the good religion)[1][2] is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra, Zartosht). ...

Mysticism and Esotericism

Kabbala may refer to; Kabbala Village, in the Karnataka State of India Kabbalah, is a religious philosophical system claiming an insight into divine nature. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... Sufism is a mystic tradition that found a home in Islam and encompasses a diverse range of beliefs and practices dedicated to Allah, divine love and the cultivation of the heart. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Zoroastrianism (Avestan DaÄ“nā Vañuhi the good religion)[1][2] is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra, Zartosht). ... Yoga (Devanagari: योग) is one of the six schools of Hindu philosophy, focusing on meditation as a path to self-knowledge and liberation. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Hinduism (known as in some modern Indian languages[1]) is a religion that originated on the Indian subcontinent. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Buddhism is a dharmic, non-theistic religion and a philosophy. ... Buddhist concept. ... In theology, salvation can mean three related things: freed forever from the punishment of sin Revelation 1:5-6 NRSV - also called deliverance;[1] being saved for something, such as an afterlife or participating in the Reign of God Revelation 1:6 NRSV - also called redemption;[2]) and a process... This article is about a religious term. ...

See also

The following is a list of religions. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Inclusivism, one of several approaches to understanding the relationship between religions, asserts that while one set of beliefs is absolutely true, other sets of beliefs are at least partially true. ... Comparative mythology, related to comparative religion, is a field of study which is technically part of anthropology but more usually regarded as part of the subject of ancient history. ... Most religions have religious texts they view as sacred. ...

References

  1. ^ Harsh Narain. Myth of Composite Culture OCLC 42966875 (Mahabharata Shanti Parva 300:9) [1]
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ [3]]

Harsh Narain is an Indian author. ... OCLC Online Computer Library Center was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center (OCLC). ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
World Religions: Comparative Analysis (1157 words)
A similar syncretistic trend is encouraged by the suggestion to consider the various world religions as alternative paths to the same transcendental finality or, using a known illustration, many paths to the same mountain peak.
Therefore the other option is that world religions are not pieces of the same puzzle (parts of the same spiritual "elephant") or alternative paths to the same goal.
Since the domain of comparative religion is so vast, the present analysis is far from being exhaustive.
Comparative religion - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (209 words)
Comparative religion is a field of religious studies that analyzes interpretive differences of common themes and ideas among the world's religions.
Often in parallel with comparative mythology, this field of study relies heavily upon the examination of myth and spirituality, deriving essential themes from religious metaphor, and tracing in various ways a possible direct cultural connection between them.
Members of other religions can reach God – Does the religion accept that members of other religion can reach God?
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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