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Encyclopedia > Comparative military ranks of World War II

The following table shows comparative officer ranks of major Allied and Axis powers during World War II. For modern ranks refer to Comparative military ranks. Look up ally in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Combatants Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000,000 Total... Comparative military ranks are a means of comparing military rank systems of different nations as a means of categorizing the hierarchy of an armed force compared to another. ...


Major participants not shown:

  • China (on side of Allies)
  • Finland (on side of axis powers)

KEY:

Navy
Army
Air Force[1]
Waffen-SS/Allgemeine SS
Generic army ranks not specific to any service
Appr.
NATO
code
Union Flag Star-spangled Banner Flag of the USSR Flag of Poland Swastika flag of the Third Reich Free French Flag
British Commonwealth[2] United States Soviet Union[3] Poland[4] Greece[5] German Reich Italy Empire of Japan Free French
- - - Генерали́ссимус Сове́тского Сою́за (Generalissimus of the Soviet Union)[6] - - - - -
- - Admiral of the Navy[7]
General of the Armies
Ма́ршал Сове́тского Сою́за (Marshal of the Soviet Union) Marszałek Polski[8] - Reichsmarschall des Großdeutschen Reiches[9] Primo Maresciallo dell'Impero Dai-Gensui[10] Maréchal de France[11]


Amiral de France[12] NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation[2] (NATO; French: ; also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance, the Western Alliance, or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) is a military alliance established by the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland_2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece_(1828-1978). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy_(1861-1946). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Free_France_1940-1944. ... The Commonwealth of Nations (CN), usually known as The Commonwealth, is a voluntary association of 53 independent sovereign states, the majority of which are former colonies of the United Kingdom. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Anthem: Kimi ga Yo Imperial Reign Slogan: Fukoku Kyohei Enrich the Country, Strengthen the Military (a. ... The Free French Forces (Forces Françaises Libres in French) were French fighters who decided to go on fighting against Germany after the Fall of France and German occupation and to fight against Vichy France in World War II. General Charles de Gaulle was a member of the French Cabinet...

OF-10 Admiral of the Fleet
Field Marshal
Marshal of the RAF/other Commonwealth air force[13]
Fleet Admiral
General of the Army
Главный маршал (Chief Marshal)[14] - Αρχιναύαρχος (Archinaúarchos)
Στρατάρχης (Stratárches)
Großadmiral
Generalfeldmarschall
Reichsführer-SS
Grand'Ammiraglio
Maresciallo d'Italia
Gensui[15] Amiral de la flotte
Адмирал флота (cool person of the Fleet)[16]
Генерал армии

(General of the Army)
Маршал (Marshal)
Royal Navy Insignia The flag of an Admiral of the Fleet is the Flag of the United Kingdom, and is in 1:2 rather than the 2:3 of other admirals flags. ... Field Marshal Viscount Slim in his Field Marshals uniform, holding a marshals baton. ... Marshal of the RAF sleeve/shoulder insignia Marshal of the Royal Air Force was the highest rank in the Royal Air Force. ... Marshal of the Air Force is a generic term for the most senior rank in an air force, equivalent to Field Marshal or Fleet Admiral. ...

OF-9 Admiral
General
Air Chief Marshal
Admiral
General
Адмира́л (Admiral)
Генера́л-полко́вник (General-Colonel)
Admirał
Generał broni
Ναύαρχος (Naúarchos)
Στρατηγός (Strategós)
Πτέραρχος (Ptérarchos)
Generaladmiral
Generaloberst
Oberstgruppenführer
Ammiraglio di Armata
Generale d'Armata
Taishō Général d'armée
Amiral
Général d'armée aérienne
OF-8 Vice-Admiral
Lieutenant-General
Air Marshal
Vice Admiral
Lieutenant General
Ви́це-адмира́л
Генера́л-лейтена́нт (General-Lieutenant)
Wiceadmirał
Generał dywizji
Αντιναύαρχος (Antinaúarchos)
Αντιστράτηγος (Antistrátegos)
Αντιπτέραρχος (Antiptérarchos)
Admiral
General [17]
Obergruppenführer
Ammiraglio di Squadra
Generale di Corpo d'Armata
Chūjū Général de corps d'armée
Vice-amiral d'escadre
Général de corps d'armée aérienne
Vice-amiral
OF-7 Rear-Admiral
Major-General
Air Vice-Marshal
Rear Admiral
Major General
Ко́нтр-адмира́л (Counter-Admiral)
Генера́л-майо́р (General-Major)
Kontradmirał
Generał brygady
Υποναύαρχος (Hyponaúarchos)
Υποστράτηγος (Hypostrátegos)
Υποπτέραρχος (Hypoptérarchos)
Vizeadmiral
Generalleutnant
Gruppenführer
Contrammiraglio
Generale di Divisione
Shōshō Général de division
Contre-amiral
Général de division aérienne
OF-6 Commodore[18]
Brigadier
Air Commodore
Commodore[19]
Brigadier General
- Komandor Ταξίαρχος Αεροπορίας (Taxíarchos Aeroporías) Konteradmiral
Generalmajor
Brigadeführer
Generale di Brigata - Général de brigade
capitaine de vaisseau chef de division[20]
Général de brigade aérienne
Kommodore[21]
Oberführer
OF-5 Captain
Colonel
Group Captain
Captain
Colonel
Капита́н 1-го ра́нга (Captain 1st rank)
Полко́вник (Polkovnik)
Komandor porucznik
Pułkownik
Πλοίαρχος (Ploíarchos)
Συνταγματάρχης (Syntagmatárches)
Σμήναρχος (Sménarchos)
Kapitän zur See
Oberst
Standartenführer
Capitano di Vascello
Colonnello
Daisa
Taisa
Colonel
capitaine de vaisseau
Colonel
OF-4 Commander
Lieutenant-Colonel
Wing Commander
Commander
Lieutenant Colonel
Капита́н 2-го ра́нга (Captain 2nd rank)
Подполко́вник (Podpolkovnik)
Komandor podporucznik
Podpułkownik
Αντιπλοίαρχος (Antiploíarchos)
Αντισυνταγματάρχης (Antisyntagmatárches)
Αντισμήναρχος (Antisménarchos)
Fregattenkapitän
Oberstleutnant
Obersturmbannführer
Capitano di Fregata
Tenente Colonnello
Chūsa Lieutenant-colonel
capitaine de frégate
Lieutenant-colonel
OF-3 Lieutenant-Commander
Major
Squadron Leader
Lieutenant Commander
Major
Капита́н 3-го ра́нга (Captain 3rd rank)
Майо́р (Major)
Kapitan marynarki
Major
Πλωτάρχης (Plotárches)
Ταγματάρχης (Tagmatárches)
Επισμηναγός (Epismenagós)
Korvettenkapitän
Major
Sturmbannführer
Capitano di Corvetta
Maggiore
Shōsa Commandant
capitaine de corvette
Commandant
OF-2 Lieutenant
Captain
Flight Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Captain
Капита́н-лейтена́нт (Captain-Lieutenant)
Капита́н (Captain)
Porucznik marynarki
Kapitan[22]
Υποπλοίαρχος (Hypoploíarchos)
Λοχαγός (Lochagós)
Σμηναγός (Smenagós)
Kapitänleutnant
Hauptmann [23]
Hauptsturmführer
Primo Capitano Daii
Taii
Capitaine
Lieutenant de vaisseau
Capitaine
Tenente di Vascello
Capitano
OF-1 Sub-Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Flying Officer
Lieutenant Junior Grade
First Lieutenant
Ста́рший лейтена́нт (Senior Lieutenant)
Ста́рший лейтена́нт (Senior Lieutenant)
Podporucznik marynarki
Porucznik
Ανθυποπλοίαρχος (Anthypoploíarchos)
Υπολοχαγός (Hypolochagós)
Υποσμηναγός (Hyposmenagós)
Oberleutnant zur See
Oberleutnant
Obersturmführer
Sottotenente di Vascello
Primo Tenente[24]
Chūi Lieutenant
Enseigne de vaisseau de 1re classe
Lieutenant
Commissioned Warrant Officer
Second Lieutenant
Pilot Officer
Ensign
Second Lieutenant
Лейтена́нт (Lieutenant)
Лейтена́нт (Lieutenant)
Chorąży marynarki
Podporucznik
Σημαιοφόρος (Semaiophóros)
Ανθυπολοχαγός (Anthypolochagós)
Ανθυποσμηναγός (Anthyposmenagós)
Leutnant zur See
Leutnant
Untersturmführer
Guardiamarina
Tenente
Shōi Sous-lieutenant
Enseigne de vaisseau de 2nde classe
Sous-lieutenant
Мла́дший лейтена́нт (Junior Lieutenant)
Мла́дший лейтена́нт (Junior Lieutenant)
Chorąży Sottotenente Aspirant

Admiral is a senior rank of the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom, outranked only by the rank Admiral of the Fleet. ... UK insignia for a full General General is a rank in the British Army and Royal Marines. ... An Air Chief Marshals sleeve/shoulder insignia Air Chief Marshal is the most senior rank active in the Royal Air Force (RAF) today, after the inactivation of Marshal of the Royal Air Force as a substantive rank in peacetime during defence cuts of the 1990s. ... Vice Admiral is a naval rank of three star level, equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority. ... Please see Lieutenant General for other countries which use this rank Lieutenant-General (Lt Gen) is a senior rank in the British Army and Royal Marines. ... An air marshals sleeve/shoulder insignia Air Marshal (Air Mshl or AM) is a rank in the Royal Air Force. ... The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... An Air Vice Marshals sleeve/shoulder insignia Air Vice Marshal is the third most senior rank active in the Royal Air Force today, after the inactivation of Marshal of the Royal Air Force as a substantive rank in peacetime during defence cuts of the 1990s. ... Commodore Insignia Rank Pennant Commodore is a rank of the Royal Navy above Captain and below Rear-Admiral. ... Brigadier is a rank which is used in different ways by different countries. ... An Air Commodoress sleeve/shoulder insignia Air Commodore is the fourth most senior rank active in the Royal Air Force today, after the deactivation of Marshal of the Royal Air Force as a substantive rank in peacetime during defence cuts of the 1990s. ... Please see Captain for other versions of this rank Captain is a rank in the British armed forces that is used in the Army, Royal Navy, and the Royal Marines. ... Please see Colonel for other countries which use this rank Colonel is a rank of the British forces, ranking just below brigadiers. ... A Group Captains sleeve/shoulder insignia A Group Captains command flag Group Captain is a senior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries. ... Commander is a military rank which is also sometimes used as a military title depending on the individual customs of a given military service. ... Insignia of a British Army Lieutenant Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel is a British rank used in several Commonwealth countries superior to Major and subordinate to Colonel. ... A Wing Commanders sleeve/shoulder insignia A Wing Commanders command flag Wing Commander is a commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries. ... In the Royal Navy, United States Navy and United States Coast Guard, a lieutenant commander (lieutenant-commander or Lt Cdr in the RN) is a commissioned officer superior to a lieutenant and inferior to a commander. ... Please see Major for other countries which use this rank Major is a military rank of the British Army which is used by both the British Army and Royal Marines. ... A Squadron Leaders sleeve/shoulder insignia Squadron Leader is a commissioned rank in some air forces. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... Please see Captain for other versions of this rank Captain is a rank in the British armed forces that is used in the Army, Royal Navy, and the Royal Marines. ... A Flight Lieutenants sleeve/shoulder insignia Flight Lieutenant (abbreviated as Flt Lt and pronounced as flight lef-tenant, see Lieutenant) is a junior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many Commonwealth countries. ... A Lieutenant, Junior Grade, is a division officer in the United States Navy. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... A Flying Officers sleeve/shoulder insignia Flying Officer (Fg Off in the RAF; FLGOFF in the RAAF; FGOFF in the RNZAF; F/O in the former RCAF) is a junior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries. ... Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... A Pilot Officers sleeve/shoulder insignia Pilot Officer (Plt Off in the RAF; PLTOFF in the RAAF and RNZAF, P/O in the former RCAF) is the lowest substantive commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries, ranking only above Acting...

Notes

  1. ^ Air Force ranks equal to generic Army ranks are not shown.
  2. ^ The name "British Commonwealth" came into official use in 1926, in place of "British Empire".
  3. ^ Included ranks on WWII period only.
  4. ^ In Polish military tradition the Polish Air Forces form a separate branch of the Polish Army, though the military ranks were exactly the same as in the case of land forces. Sometimes the word pilot was added to distinguish Air officers from the officers of the land forces (cf. podporucznik pilot as opposed to podporucznik). Historically due to absence of full general rank (which was introduced later), Polish General ranks were shifted one position up compared to similar-sounding ranks in other countries.
  5. ^ There is no standard method of transliterating Greek. In this article, traditional Erasmic transliterations are used and do not represent the rank's name's actual pronunciation. See Greek alphabet.
  6. ^ From June 27, 1945. Stalin appointed this rank by Supreme Council after victory over Germany.
  7. ^ Admiral of the Navy and General of the Armies while not in active service had retroactively become the "six star" ranks within the forces of the U.S.
  8. ^ See the article on Marszałek Polski
  9. ^ Essentially a "vanity rank" created by Hitler on June 29, 1941, for Hermann Göring.
  10. ^ Highest possible military rank of Japan, held solely by the Emperor of Japan
  11. ^ Not a rank, but a dignity of the State.
  12. ^ Not a rank, but a dignity of the State. No Amiral de France was alive during the war.
  13. ^ For example, King George VI was "Marshal of the Royal Australian Air Force" during 1939-45.
  14. ^ From 1943 there were introduced Marshals and Chief marshals of specific arm. Also the most of ranks were divided according specific service (Artillery, Armored Forces, Engineering Service, Air Force etc)
  15. ^ Gensui, although usually translated as Field Marshal/Grand Admiral, was actually an honorary title conferred by the Emperor and not a rank as such.
  16. ^ Introduced in 1940. From May 1945 became equal to Marshal of the Soviet Union [1]
  17. ^ Full Generals in the army generally held the rank of their service branch, such as "General der Infanterie" or "General der Artillerie". Likewise, full Generals in the Air Force were called "General der Flieger".
  18. ^ Actually a Captain acting in an admiral's capacity.
  19. ^ Rank reintroduced in 1943.
  20. ^ Actually a Captain acting in an admiral's capacity.
  21. ^ Actually a Kapitän zur See (Captain) acting in an admiral's capacity. This was a rarely used rank. Best-known holder was Karl Dönitz, who from 28 January 1939 until 1 October 1939 was "Kapitän zur See und Kommodore" and Leader of U-Boats.
  22. ^ Traditionally captains of Polish cavalry held the rank of rotmistrz, a direct equivalent of the rank of kapitan in other branches of the military.
  23. ^ Captains in the cavalry and mounted transport corps were called Rittmeister.
  24. ^ "Primo" ranks were a way for identifying long term or career officers. Primo Capitano and Primo Tenente were officers with 12 years seniority in the rank or a total of 20 years of commissioned service.

Polish Air Forces (Siły Powietrzne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, Sily Powietrzne RP) - the Air Force of Poland. ... Polish Army (Polish Wojsko Polskie) is the name applied to the military forces of Poland. ... Because of technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... Admiral of the Navy is a senior-most rank of a naval service, with its origins in the Middle Ages. ... General of the Armies of the United States is the highest possible-land based rank in the United States military hierarchy and is traditionally considered a six star General, equal to a Generalissimo. ... White Eagle with crossed buÅ‚awas, worn by Marshal on his collar. ... Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Hermann Wilhelm Göring (also Goering in English) (January 12, 1893 – October 15, 1946) was a German politician and military leader, a leading member of the Nazi Party, second in command of the Third Reich, and commander of the Luftwaffe. ... For the CPR ocean liner, see Empress of Japan. ... George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George Windsor) (14 December 1895 - 6 February 1952) became the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, each of the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, upon the unexpected abdication of his brother, Edward VIII. He reigned from 11 December 1936... The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) is the air force branch of the Australian Defence Force. ... Karl Dönitz (IPA pronunciation:  ); September 16, 1891–December 24, 1980) was a German naval leader, famous for his command of the Kriegsmarine during World War II and for his twenty-day term as President of Germany after Adolf Hitlers suicide. ... Volunteer Representative Squadron of City of PoznaÅ„ in uniforms of 15th PoznaÅ„ Uhlans Regiment Polish Cavalry (Polish: ) can trace its origins back to the days of Medieval mounted knights. ... Rotmistrz of an armoured regiment. ... Rittmeister (in German language literally [Horse] riding master or Cavalry master) was the military rank of a commissioned cavalry officer in charge of a squadron, the equivalent of Captain, in the armies of German-speaking states and Austro-Hungarian. ...

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