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Encyclopedia > Compaq
Compaq Computer Corporation
Fate Merged; now an HP brand
Successor Hewlett-Packard
Founded February, 1982
Defunct 2002
Location Houston, Texas, USA
Industry PDA and Computer Hardware
Products Presario desktops and notebooks, iPAQ
Key people Rod Canion, Founder
Jim Harris, Founder
Bill Murto, Founder
Peak size 63,700 (2001) employees

Compaq Computer Corporation is an American personal computer company founded in 1982, and now a brand name of Hewlett-Packard. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A brand includes a name, logo, slogan, and/or design scheme associated with a product or service. ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... “Houston” redirects here. ... User with PDA Personal digital assistants (PDAs) are handheld computers that were originally designed as personal organizers, but became much more versatile over the years. ... Computer hardware is the physical part of a computer, including the digital circuitry, as distinguished from the computer software that executes within the hardware. ... Presario is a series of desktop computers and notebooks from Compaq. ... Desktop computer with several common peripherals (Monitor, keyboard, mouse, speakers, microphone and a printer) A desktop computer is a computer made for use on a desk in an office or home and is distinguished from portable computers such as laptops or PDAs. ... Laptop with touchpad. ... iRAQ presently refers to a Pocket PC and personal digital assistant first unveiled by Compaq in April 2000; the name was borrowed from Compaqs earlier iRAQ Desktop Personal Computers. ... Rod Canion co-founded Compaq with Jim Harris and Bill Murto in 1982, investing $1000 in the company. ... More than one notable individuals have been named Jim Harris: Jim Harris is the leader of the Green Party of Canada. ... Bill Murto co-founded Compaq with Jim Harris and Rod Canion in 1982, investing $1000 in the company. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ...


The company was formed by Rod Canion, Jim Harris and Bill Murto — former Texas Instruments senior managers. The name "COMPAQ" was derived from "Compatibility and Quality", as at its formation Compaq produced some of the first IBM PC compatible computers. Rod Canion co-founded Compaq with Jim Harris and Bill Murto in 1982, investing $1000 in the company. ... Jim Harris was one of the founders of Compaq Computer Corporation. ... Bill Murto co-founded Compaq with Jim Harris and Rod Canion in 1982, investing $1000 in the company. ... Texas Instruments (NYSE: TXN), better known in the electronics industry (and popularly) as TI, is an American company based in Dallas, Texas, USA, renowned for developing and commercializing semiconductor and computer technology. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Once the largest supplier of computing systems in the world and previously regarded as perhaps the most reputable manufacturer of mid-range hardware, Compaq existed as an independent corporation until 2002, when it merged with Hewlett-Packard. Also see: 2002 (number). ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ...

Contents

History

1980s

Compaq was founded in February 1982 by Rod Canion, Jim Harris and Bill Murto, three senior managers from semiconductor manufacturer Texas Instruments. Each invested $1,000 to form the company. Their first venture capital came from Ben Rosen and Sevin-Rosen partners. Like many small startups with unique beginnings, the original Compaq PC was first sketched out on a placemat by the founders while dining in a local Houston restaurant, House of Pies. Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Rod Canion co-founded Compaq with Jim Harris and Bill Murto in 1982, investing $1000 in the company. ... Jim Harris was one of the founders of Compaq Computer Corporation. ... Bill Murto co-founded Compaq with Jim Harris and Rod Canion in 1982, investing $1000 in the company. ... Texas Instruments (NYSE: TXN), better known in the electronics industry (and popularly) as TI, is an American company based in Dallas, Texas, USA, renowned for developing and commercializing semiconductor and computer technology. ...


In its early years Compaq was in many respects what IBM's PC Group should have been, and indeed, two of Compaq's key marketing executives, Jim D'Arezzo and Sparky Sparks, had moved from there. IBM PC (IBM 5150) with keyboard and green screen monochrome monitor (IBM 5151), running MS-DOS 5. ...


Compaq Portable

In November 1982 Compaq announced their first product, the Compaq Portable, a portable IBM PC compatible personal computer. It was released in March 1983 at $2995, considerably more affordable than competitors at the time. The Compaq Portable was one of the progenitors of today's laptop. It was the second IBM PC compatible, being capable of running all software that would run on an IBM PC. It was a commercial success, selling 53,000 units in its first year. The Compaq Portable was the first in the range of the Compaq Portable series. Compaq was able to market a legal IBM clone because IBM mostly used "off the shelf" parts for their PC. Furthermore, Microsoft had kept the right to license the operating system to other computer manufacturers. The only part which had to be duplicated was the BIOS, which Compaq did legally by using clean room reverse engineering for $1 million[1][2][3]. Phoenix Technologies were the first to follow their lead, but soon "clone BIOSes" were available from several vendors. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 678 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1086 × 960 pixel, file size: 204 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Compaq Portable el primer Compatible PC portable. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 678 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1086 × 960 pixel, file size: 204 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Compaq Portable el primer Compatible PC portable. ... The Compaq Portable was the first midget in the Compaq portable series to be brought out by Compaq Computer Corporation. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The Compaq Portable was the first midget in the Compaq portable series to be brought out by Compaq Computer Corporation. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... An ultraportable IBM X31 with 12 screen on an IBM T43 Thin & Light laptop with a 14 screen QWERTY keyboard on 2007 Sony Vaio laptop A laptop computer, or simply laptop (also notebook computer or notebook), is a small mobile computer, which usually weighs 2-18 pounds (1-6 kilograms... IBM PC (IBM 5150) with keyboard and green screen monochrome monitor (IBM 5151), running MS-DOS 5. ... Compaqs first computers were portable lunchbox or luggable computers. ... IBM redirects here. ... IBM PC (IBM 5150) with keyboard and green screen monochrome monitor (IBM 5151), running MS-DOS 5. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Microsofts disk operating system, MS-DOS, was Microsofts implementation of DOS, which was the first popular operating system for the IBM PC, and until recently, was widely used on the PC compatible platform. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the meaning of Cleanroom engineering in software development, see Cleanroom Software Engineering. ... Phoenix Technologies Ltd (NASDAQ: PTEC) is a creator of computer BIOS software. ...

Deskpro

On June 28th 1984 Compaq Released the Compaq Deskpro, a 16-bit desktop computer using an Intel 8086 microprocessor running at 7.14MHz. It was considerably faster than an IBM PC and was, like the Compaq Portable, also capable of running IBM software. This was the first of the Compaq Deskpro line of computers. The 8086[1] is a 16-bit microprocessor chip designed by Intel in 1978, which gave rise to the x86 architecture. ... IBM PC (IBM 5150) with keyboard and green screen monochrome monitor (IBM 5151), running MS-DOS 5. ... The Compaq Portable was the first midget in the Compaq portable series to be brought out by Compaq Computer Corporation. ... The Compaq Deskpro was a line of personal computers manufactured by Compaq. ...


Deskpro 286

In 1985, Compaq released the Compaq Deskpro 286, a 16-bit desktop computer using an Intel 80286 microprocessor running at 8 MHz and capable of supporting up to 7 MB of RAM. It cost $2000 for the 40-MB hard disk model. It was considerably faster than an IBM PC AT which ran at 6MHz at that time and was, like the Compaq Portable, also capable of running IBM software. Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... Desktop computer with several common peripherals (Monitor, keyboard, mouse, speakers, microphone and a printer) A desktop computer is a computer made for use on a desk in an office or home and is distinguished from portable computers such as laptops or PDAs. ... AMD 80286 at 12 MHz. ... MHZ redirects here. ... IBM PC (IBM 5150) with keyboard and green screen monochrome monitor (IBM 5151), running MS-DOS 5. ... The Compaq Portable was the first midget in the Compaq portable series to be brought out by Compaq Computer Corporation. ...


After making half a billion dollars turnover, in 1986 Compaq released the Compaq Portable II. The Portable II was significantly lighter and smaller than its predecessor, featuring a revised design with an 8 MHz processor and 10 MB hard disk. It was cheaper than the IBM PC/AT at $3199, or $4799 with a hard disk. Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... The Compaq Portable II was the second product in the Compaq portable series to be brought out by Compaq Computer Corporation. ... ReBoot character, see Megabyte (ReBoot). ... IBM PC (IBM 5150) with keyboard and green screen monochrome monitor (IBM 5151), running MS-DOS 5. ...


Deskpro 386

When in 1986 Compaq introduced the first PC based on Intel's new 80386 microprocessor, the Compaq Deskpro 386[4], they began a period of increasing performance leadership over IBM, who were not yet using this processor. An IBM machine eventually reached the market seven months later, but by that time Compaq was the 386 supplier of choice and IBM had lost its image of technical leadership. Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... The Intel386[1] is a microprocessor which was used as the central processing unit (CPU) of many personal computers from 1986 until 2007. ...


Systempro

This technical leadership and the rivalry with IBM was emphasised when the Systempro server was launched in late 1989 - this was a true server product with standard support for a second CPU and RAID, but also the first product to feature the EISA bus which was designed in reaction to IBM's MCA (MicroChannel Architecture). The Systempro from Compaq was arguably the first true PC based server. ... In computing, specifically computer storage, a Redundant Array of Independent Drives (or Disks), also known as Redundant Array of Inexpensive Drives (or Disks), (RAID) is an umbrella term for data storage schemes that divide and/or replicate data among multiple hard drives. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Micro Channel architecture (in practice almost always shortened to MCA) was a proprietary 16 or 32-bit parallel computer bus created by IBM in the 1980s for use on their new PS/2 computers. ...


1990s

At the same time as they began to dominate the server market, in the early 1990s Compaq entered the retail computer market with the Presario, and was one of the first manufacturers in the mid-1990s to market a sub-$1000 PC. In order to maintain the prices it wanted, Compaq became the first first-tier computer manufacturer to utilize CPUs from AMD and Cyrix. The price war resulting from Compaq's actions ultimately drove numerous competitors, most notably IBM and Packard Bell, from this market. For the band, see 1990s (band). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. ... Cyrix was a CPU manufacturer that began in 1988 in Richardson, TX as a specialist supplier of high-performance math co-processors for 286 and 386 systems. ... IBM redirects here. ... Two different consumer electronics companies have used the Packard Bell name. ...


In 1997, Compaq bought Tandem Computers, known for their NonStop server line. This acquisition instantly gave Compaq a presence in the higher end business computing market. In 1998, Compaq acquired Digital Equipment Corporation, the leading company in the previous generation of computing during the 1970s and early 1980s. This acquisition made Compaq, at the time, the world's second largest computer maker in the world in terms of revenue. Unfortunately for the company, CEO Eckhard Pfeiffer, who engineered both mergers, had little vision for what the combined companies should do, or indeed how the three dramatically different cultures could work as a single entity, and Compaq struggled as a result. Pfeiffer was forced out as CEO in 1999 in a coup led by board chairman Ben Rosen and was eventually replaced by Michael Capellas, formerly CIO of the company. Capellas was able to restore some of the luster lost in the latter part of the Pfeiffer era, but the company still struggled against lower-cost competitors such as Dell. For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Tandem Computers was an early manufacturer of fault tolerant computer systems, marketed to the growing number of transaction processing customers who used them for ATMs, banks, stock exchanges and other similar needs. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The DEC logo Digital Equipment Corporation was a pioneering American company in the computer industry. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Eckhard Pfeiffer (born August 20, 1941 in Lauban, Germany—now Lubań, Poland) is a business executive of German ancestry, and a former CEO of Compaq from 1991-1998. ... This article is about the year. ... Michael Capellas (born 1955) is the Chairman and CEO of MCI and formerly of Compaq. ... Dell Inc. ...


During November 1999, Compaq began to work with Microsoft to create the first in a line of small-scale, web-based computer systems called MSN Companions.[1] Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... A Compaq MSN Companion. ...


2000s

A HP Compaq computer and a HP Deskjet 5740 printer owned by the Houston Independent School District; HP gained Compaq's contract with Houston ISD and took over Compaq's role in the contract.

In 2001, Compaq engaged in a merger with Hewlett-Packard. Numerous large HP shareholders, including Walter Hewlett, publicly opposed the deal, which resulted in a nasty proxy battle between those for and against the deal. The merger was approved only after the narrowest of margins, and allegations of vote buying (primarily involving an alleged last-second back-room deal with Bank of America) haunted the new company. Capellas left the company after serving less than a year as President of HP and became CEO of MCI Worldcom before Verizon bought MCI. Carly Fiorina, the CEO of HP, added Capellas's responsibilities to her own. Fiorina helmed HP for nearly three years after Capellas left. During that time, HP laid off thousands of former Compaq employees, its stock price generally declined, profits did not perk up, and it continued to lose market share to Dell. Facing dismissal from a hostile Board of Directors, Fiorina opted to leave in February 2005 before the board could fire her. Mark Hurd took her place as CEO of HP. Most Compaq products have been re-branded with the HP nameplate, such as the company's market leading ProLiant server line, while the Compaq brand remains on only some consumer-orientated products, notably Compaq Presario PCs. HP's business computers line was deprecated in favour of the Compaq Evo line, which was rebranded HP Compaq. HP's Jornada PDAs were replaced by Compaq iPAQ PDAs, which were renamed HP iPAQ. Before the merger, Compaq's ticker symbol was CPQ, but this was melded with Hewlett-Packard's previous symbol (HWP) to create the current symbol of HPQ. In late 2005, HPQ seemed to find its feet under the new leadership of Mark Hurd. At this same time Dell seemed to be faltering and eventually conceded the #1 sales position to archrival HPQ. Hurd took the merger once considered a huge mistake by industry experts and turned it into a huge success story for other merger candidates to model. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 845 KB)[edit] Summary Taken by WhisperToMe [edit] Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 845 KB)[edit] Summary Taken by WhisperToMe [edit] Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Hattie Mae White Educational Support Center The first Hattie Mae White Administration Building. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ... Bank of America (NYSE: BAC TYO: 8648 ) is the largest commercial bank in the United States in terms of deposits, and the largest company of its kind in the world. ... MCIs original corporate logo MCI Communications was an American telecommunications company that was instrumental in legal and regulatory changes that led to the breakup of the AT&T monopoly of American telephony. ... This article or section should include material from Bell Atlantic This article or section should include material from GTE Verizon Communications (NYSE: VZ) is a local exchange telephone company formed by the merger of Bell Atlantic, a former Bell Operating Company, and GTE, which was the largest independant local exchange... Carly Fiorina (António Milena/ABr. ... Dell, Inc. ... February 2005 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December - → Pope John Paul II is taken to a hospital suffering from a serious case of influenza. ... IBM PC (IBM 5150) with keyboard and green screen monochrome monitor (IBM 5151), running MS-DOS 5. ... A stock symbol or ticker symbol is a mnemonic used to uniquely identify publicly-traded shares of a corporation on a particular stock market. ...


Compaq also made a Tablet PC notepad laptop, an interactive pen and fold down option where you can still use it as normal with on-screen keyboard & the interactive pen.


In May of 2007, HP in a press release announced a new logo for their Compaq Division to be placed on the new model Compaq Presarios. The full logo can be seen on the new Compaq Home page on [5]


PC Products

Compaq Armada M300
Compaq Armada M300

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (800x814, 409 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Compaq ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (800x814, 409 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Compaq ... The Compaq Portable was the first midget in the Compaq portable series to be brought out by Compaq Computer Corporation. ... The Compaq Deskpro was a line of personal computers manufactured by Compaq. ... The Compaq LTE was a line of laptop computers made by Compaq, introduced in 1989. ... Presario is a series of desktop computers and notebooks from Compaq. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Hewlett-Packard. ... The Compaq armada range of notebooks where targetted at the business market and only few where equiped with AMD processors, they where mosty equipped with // There where several model numbers in the compaq armada series of notebooks: Compaq Armada 110 Compaq Armada 110s Compaq Armada 1100 Compaq Armada 1500 Compaq... The Compaq Evo was a series of business desktop and laptop PCs made by Compaq and Hewlett-Packard (following the 2002 merger). ... iRAQ presently refers to a Pocket PC and personal digital assistant first unveiled by Compaq in April 2000; the name was borrowed from Compaqs earlier iRAQ Desktop Personal Computers. ... The TC1000 is a hybrid tablet notebook computer designed by Compaq, before it was purchased by HP. The display is detachable from the keyboard for ultra-portability. ...

Wireless LAN Products

NoWires Needed was a Dutch company specializing in IEEE 802. ...

Culture

Two sports stadiums were named after the company:

The Summit stands among the high-rise office buildings of Greenway Plaza, ca 1995 The Compaq Center, originally named The Summit, was a multi-purpose sports arena in Houston, Texas. ... “Houston” redirects here. ... The Toyota Center is a sports stadium located at 1510 Polk Street in Downtown Houston, Texas. ... Lakewood Church exterior Lakewood Church interior Lakewood Church is a diverse, non-denominational megachurch located in Houston, Texas. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California. ... The HP Pavilion at San Jose, commonly called The Shark Tank, The Tank, both of which come from its primary tenant, or, just simply, the HP Pavillion , or less often as San Jose Arena (after its former name), is an indoor arena located at 525 West Santa Clara Street in...

Competitors

HP Compaq competes against other computer manufacturers including Dell, Apple, Lenovo, Gateway, Sony and Toshiba among others. Originally the company competed against IBM, making affordable IBM PC compatibles often cheaper and faster than the IBM alternative. Lenovo, which purchased IBM's personal computer business in 2005, is a new competitor, especially in the People's Republic of China where it was founded. Dell Inc. ... Apple Inc. ... Lenovo Group Limited, (SEHK: 0992) is the fourth largest personal computer manufacturer in the world, and the largest in the Asia-Pacific region as of 2006. ... Gateway, Inc. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... Toshiba Corporations headquarters (Center) in Hamamatsucho, Tokyo Toshiba Corporation sales by division for year ending March 31, 2005 Toshiba Corporation ) (TYO: 6502 ) is a Japanese multinational conglomerate manufacturing company, headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. ... IBM redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Lenovo Group Limited, formerly known as Legend Group Limited, is the largest personal computer manufacturer in the Peoples Republic of China, and as of 2004 is the eighth largest in the world. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

Compaqs first computers were portable lunchbox or luggable computers. ... The following is an incomplete list of worldwide computer system manufacturers. ...

References

  1. ^ MSN Web Companion (HTML). Retrieved on 2007-03-04.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Compaq official website
  • Compaq company history (hp.com via archive.org)
  • HP-Compaq merger (washingtontechnology.com)

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