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Encyclopedia > Company town

A company town is a town or city in which most or all real estate, buildings (both residential and commercial), utilities, hospitals, small businesses such as grocery stores and gas stations, and other necessities or luxuries of life within its borders are owned by a single company. Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, United States, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Real estate is a legal term that encompasses land along with anything permanently affixed to the land, such as buildings. ... For other uses, see Building (disambiguation). ... A dwelling is a structure in which humans or other animals live. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A public utility is a company that maintains the infrastructure for a public service. ... For the record label, see Hospital Records. ... In economics, a business is a legally-recognized organizational entity existing within an economically free country designed to sell goods and/or services to consumers, usually in an effort to generate profit. ... This Flagship Randalls store in Houston, Texas is an example of a supermarket. ... Modern gas station A filling station, gas station or petrol station is a facility that sells fuel for road motor vehicles – usually petrol (US: gas/gasoline), diesel fuel and LPG. The term gas station is mostly particular to the United States of America and Canada, where petrol is known... The term company may refer to a separate legal entity, as in English law, or may simply refer to a business, as is the common use in the United States. ...

Contents

Overview

Traditional settings for company towns were where extractive industriescoal, metal mines, lumber — had purchased a monopoly franchise. Dam sites and war-industry camps founded other company towns. Since company stores tend to have a monopoly in company towns, it was not uncommon for truck systems to emerge in isolated company towns. The related terms resource extraction and Resource extraction industry both refer to the practice of locating, acquiring and selling any resource, but typically a natural resource. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... Chuquicamata, the second largest open pit copper mine in the world, Chile. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Lumber or Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction... This article is about structures for water impoundment. ... A truck system is an exploitative form of employment — or, more specifically, unfree labour — under which workers are: paid in a form of limited direct credit or tokens, which may only be used at a company store, owned by their employers, or; paid in unexchangeable goods and/or... A truck system is an exploitative form of employment — or, more specifically, unfree labour — under which workers are: paid in a form of limited direct credit or tokens, which may only be used at a company store, owned by their employers, or; paid in unexchangeable goods and/or services. ...


Typically, a company town will be isolated from neighbors and centered (figuratively, if not literally) around a large production factory such as a lumber or steel mill or an automobile plant; and the citizens of the town will either work in the factory, work in one of the smaller businesses, or be a family member of someone who does. The company may also operate parks, host cultural events such as concerts, and so on. Needless to say, when the owning company cuts back or goes out of business, the economic effect on the company town is devastating, and often fatal. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Lumber or Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction... For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ... “Car” and “Cars” redirect here. ... The word citizen may refer to: A person with a citizenship Citizen Watch Co. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... For other uses, see Culture (disambiguation). ... A classical music concert in the Rod Laver Arena, Melbourne 2005 Kasia Kowalska concert in Warsaw A concert is a live performance, usually of music, before an audience. ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ...


Company towns sometimes become regular public cities and towns as they grow. Other times, a town may not officially be a company town, but it may be a town where the majority of citizens are employed by a single company, thus creating a similar situation to a company town (especially in regard to the town's economy). Public is of or pertaining to the people; belonging to the people; relating to, or affecting, a nation, state, or community; opposed to private; as, the public treasury, a road or lake. ...


In the United States

In the United States, it is relatively rare for places in which a single company owns all the property to be granted status as an incorporated municipality. Such wholly owned communities are more likely unincorporated and administered by company officers rather than elected officials. However, there are incorporated municipalities that are heavily dependent upon a single company and may be considered a "company town", even though the company does not technically own the town. In this vein, Washington, DC is sometimes called "America's biggest company town." In local government, incorporation occurs when municipalities such as cities, towns, townships, villages, and boroughs become self-governing entities under the laws of the state or province in which they are located. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United...


A different type of company town has appeared in the U.S. since the 1960s, where a real estate companies started developing uninhabited tracts of unincorporated lands into huge master-planned communities. These can be called company towns since they were not developed as part of a city, but completely on their own. Often these towns then grow into full fledged cities and then become incorporated, such as Irvine, California. By contrast, The Woodlands, Texas is an example of a still growing company town that might be annexed by nearby Houston in the foreseeable future. A New town or planned community or planned city is a city, town, or community that was designed from scratch, and grew up more or less following the plan. ... Location of Irvine within Orange County, California. ... The Woodlands is a census-designated place (CDP) and master-planned community located in the the counties of Montgomery and Harris in the state of Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. ... “Houston” redirects here. ...


List of company towns

Towns listed in bold are still considered company towns today; other entries are former company towns. See Company towns for an unannotated list of articles. Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ...


Europe

Belgium

Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Walloon Brabant. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catholic University of Leuven (french-speaking). ...

Denmark

Billund is a municipality in the center of the Jutland Peninsula of Denmark, in the county of Ribe. ... Lego Group is a family-owned company, based in Billund, Denmark and best known for the manufacture of Lego-brand toys. ...

Germany

Leverkusen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Bayers logo: the Bayer cross Bayer AG (German pronunciation BYE-er, in US usually pronounced BAY-er) (TYO: 4863) is a German chemical and pharmaceutical company founded in 1863. ... Wolfsburg is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Volkswagen AG (ISIN: DE0007664005), or VW, is an automobile manufacturer based in Wolfsburg, Germany. ...

Transnistria (Moldova)

Dnestrovsk (Russian: ДНЕСТРОВСК) is a town in Eastern Transnistria, near the border with Ukraine. ... Moldavskaya GRES (also: Cuchurgan power station) is a large power station located in Dnestrovsk, Transnistria, on the shores of Lake Cuchurgan bordering Ukraine. ...

Russia

Norilsk downtown was designed in a typical Stalinist style. ... For other uses, see Nickel (disambiguation). ...

North America

Canada

Anyox was a small company-owned mining town in British Columbia, Canada. ... The Nass River is a river in northern British Columbia, Canada. ... Arvida (from ARthur VIning DAvis, one of the founders of Alcan) was founded as an industrial city by Alcan in 1927, when the first aluminum smelter was constructed. ... Alcan (ALaska CANada) is also one of the common names for the Alaska Highway that connects Dawson Creek, British Columbia, with Fairbanks, Alaska. ... Batawa is a town founded by Thomas J. Bata in the 1930s, and location of the Bata Shoe Companys Old Shoe factory. ... Logo Bata Shoes (in Czech BaÅ¥a, also BaÅ¥ovy závody) is a large, family owned shoe company. ... Seton Lake from Mission Mountain, c. ... Seton Lake from Mission Mountain, c. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour Without Sunset (diminishment)) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th - Total 944,735... The Bridge River Power Project is a hydroelectric power development in British Columbia located in the country between Whistler and Lillooet, British Columbia. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Squamish is a growing community in the Canadian province of British Columbia, located at the north end of Howe Sound. ... Elsa (Yukon Territory, Canada) was a mining town based on silver, lead, and zinc. ... Espanola (2006 census population 5,314) is a town in Northern Ontario, Canada. ... Domtar, Corporation is a U.S. pulp and paper company with head offices in Montreal, Quebec. ... Fermont is a French-speaking town in northeastern Quebec, Canada. ... Flin Flon, Manitoba (pop. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard - Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 14 - Senate seats 6 Confederation... Motto: Multis E Gentibus Vires (Latin: The Strength of Many Peoples) Capital Regina Largest city Saskatoon Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Gordon Barnhart - Premier Lorne Calvert (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 14 - Senate seats 6 Confederation September 1, 1905 (Split from NWT) (9th (province)) Area  Ranked... Hudson Bay Mining & Smelting Co. ... Fort Vancouver Fort Vancouver was a 19th century fur trading outpost along the Columbia River that served as the headquarters of the Hudsons Bay Company in the companys Columbia District (known to Americans as the Oregon Country). ... Hudsons Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie dHudson in French) is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. ... The Pacific Northwest from space The Pacific Northwest, abbreviated PNW, or PacNW is a region in the northwest of North America. ... This article is about Coquitlam, British Columbia. ... Keno City is a small community in the Yukon at the end of the Silver Trail highway. ... The District of Kitimat is a small town in northwestern British Columbia. ... This article is about the company. ... Kemano is a settlement situated 75 km southeast of Kitimat in the province of British Columbia in Canada. ... Orthographic projection over Labrador City Labrador City, Newfoundland and Labrador Labrador City is a small town in western Labrador (part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador), near the Quebec border. ... Founded in 1949 from a partnership of Canadian and American interest (Hollinger, M.A. Hanna, Labrador Mining, National Republic, Armco, Youngston and Wheeling-Pittsburg), it is now owned by a new consortium (Mitshbishi Corp. ... The community of Nanisivik is located just inland from Strathcona Sound, near the community of Arctic Bay in Canadas Nunavut Territory. ... Youbou is a community located on the north shore of Cowichan Lake, west of Duncan and a 25-minute drive west of the community of Lake Cowichan, Canada. ... Ocean Falls is a small community on the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada. ... The British Columbia Coast is one of Canadas two continental coastlines; the other being the coastline from the Beaufort Sea of the Arctic Ocean via the Northwest Passage and Hudson Bay to the Ungava Peninsula and Labrador and the Gulf of St. ... Langdale is a small community on the Sunshine Coast of southern British Columbia. ... The District of Sechelt is centrally located on the Sunshine Coast of British Columbia. ... A small town in the western tip pf Labrador and know as transportation and iron ore operations for over three decades (1967 to 1997). ... Woodfibre was a pulp mill and at one time a small town, on the west side of upper Howe Sound near Squamish, British Columbia. ... // Description Howe Sound is a fjord situated immediately northwest of Vancouver, Canada, fronting on one of the citys suburbs, West Vancouver. ... Squamish is a growing community in the Canadian province of British Columbia, located at the north end of Howe Sound. ... Walkerville, Ontario, Canada was developed by whiskey mogul Hiram Walker in the late 1800s. ... Landsat satellite photo, showing Lake Saint Clair, as well as St. ... Hiram Walker, from a painting that hangs in Willistead Manor, Windsor, Ontario Hiram Walker (4 July 1816 – 12 January 1899) was an American grocer and distiller, and the eponym of the famous distillery in Windsor, Ontario, Canada directly across from Detroit, Michigan. ...

United States

This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Alcoa is a city in Blount County, Tennessee, United States, south of Knoxville. ... This article is about the company. ... Bagdad is a copper mining town and Census designated place in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States, in the western part of the states. ... Phelps Dodge Corporation (NYSE: PD) was founded in 1834 by Anson Greene Phelps and William E. Dodge. ... Ambridge is a borough located in Beaver County in western Pennsylvania, named after the American Bridge Company. ... The American Bridge Company is a privately held civil engineering firm specializing in the construction and renovation of bridges and other large civil engineering projects, founded in 1900, and headquartered in Coraopolis, Pennsylvania, a suburb of Pittsburgh. ... Bayview is a community in Jefferson County, Alabama, United States. ... Boulder City is a city in Clark County, Nevada, United States. ... The United States Bureau of Reclamation (Formerly the United States Reclamation Service) is a division of the U.S. Department of the Interior which oversees water development projects in the western United States. ... Cass is an unincorporated community in Pocahontas County, West Virginia on the Greenbrier River. ... Chester is a census-designated place (CDP) in Plumas County, California, United States. ... Clarkdale is a town located in Yavapai County, Arizona. ... William Andrews Clark William Andrews Clark (January 8th, 1839 – 1925), was born in Connellsville, Pennsylvania. ... Cohoes is a city located at the northeast corner Albany County, New York, USA. It is called the Spindle City because of the importance of textile production to its growth. ... Harmony Mills is an industrial district that is bordered by the Mohawk River and the old Erie Canal. ... Coalwood is an unincorporated coal mining town in McDowell County, West Virginia, USA. As of the 1990 Census, the population was 900. ... Downtown Durango, Colorado Durango (Navajo: Kinłání) is a city in La Plata County, Colorado (USA). ... Categories: Rail stubs | Defunct railroad companies of the United States | Colorado railroads | New Mexico railroads | Utah railroads ... Edgewater is a census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Gerlach-Empire is a census-designated place located in Washoe County, Nevada. ... USG Corporation (NYSE: USG), also known as United States Gypsum Corporation, is a Fortune 500 (rank 420 in 2006) company that manufactures construction materials. ... Fairfield, founded in 1910 is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama with a population of 12,381. ... Ford City is a borough located in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania. ... PPG Industries NYSE: PPG was founded in 1883, under the name Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company. ... Gary is a city located in McDowell County, West Virginia, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 917. ... The United States Steel Corporation (NYSE: X) is an integrated steel producer with major production operations in the United States and Central Europe. ... This article is about the city. ... The United States Steel Corporation (NYSE: X) is an integrated steel producer with major production operations in the United States and Central Europe. ... The town site of Gilman, perched on a cliff above the Eagle River, as viewed from U.S. Highway 24 near Battle Mountain Summit. ... The New Jersey Zinc Company was for many years the largest producer of zinc and zinc products in the United States. ... Gwinn is an unincorporated community in Marquette County, Michigan, United States. ... Hershey redirects here. ... Hershey is an unincorporated community within Derry Township in Dauphin County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Holden Village is self-described as a year-round ecumenical Christian center for renewal. ... Hooper is a town in Whitman County, Washington, United States. ... Location of Irvine within Orange County, California. ... The Irvine Company is a century-old, privately held company based in Orange County, California, and specializing in real estate development. ... The Kannapolis logo contains a Colonial Williamsburg architectural style cupola. ... The Cannon Mills Company was an American textile company founded by James William Cannon, based in Kannapolis, North Carolina. ... Kohler is a village located in Sheboygan County, Wisconsin. ... The Kohler Company is a manufacturing company in Kohler, Wisconsin best known for its plumbing products. ... Lake Buena Vista is a city located in Orange County, Florida, U.S., at the 2000 census the population was 16. ... Bay Lake is a city located in Orange County, Florida and Osceola County, Florida. ... The Reedy Creek Improvement District in Florida is the immediate governing jurisdiction for the land on the Walt Disney World Resort. ... Cinderella Castle, at the center of the Magic Kingdom, is Walt Disney World Resorts most recognizable icon Introduction Owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company, the Walt Disney World Resort in Florida, USA is home to four theme parks, two water parks, several resort hotels and golf courses... The Walt Disney Company (NYSE: DIS) is one of the largest media and entertainment corporations in the world. ... Lynch is a city located in Harlan County, Kentucky. ... The United States Steel Corporation (NYSE: X) is an integrated steel producer with major production operations in the United States and Central Europe. ... Morenci is a census-designated place located in Greenlee County, Arizona. ... Phelps Dodge Corporation (NYSE: PD) was founded in 1834 by Anson Greene Phelps and William E. Dodge. ... Newhalem is a small unincorporated community in northwestern Washington, USA, located in the western foothills of the Cascade Mountains along the Skagit River. ... Seattle City Light is the public utility providing electrical power to Seattle, Washington and parts of its metropolitan area, including all of Shoreline and Lake Forest Park and parts of unincorporated King County, Burien, Normandy Park, Seatac, Renton, and Tukwila. ... Oak Ridge is an incorporated city in Anderson and Roane Counties in East Tennessee, about 25 miles northwest of Knoxville. ... The Manhattan Project resulted in the creation of the first nuclear weapons, and the first-ever nuclear detonation, known as the Trinity test of July 16, 1945. ... Old Hickory, Tennessee is a section of metropolitan Nashville, Tennessee, named in honor of President Andrew Jackson who was nicknamed Old Hickory. This area is located in the Hadley Bend section of eastern Davidson County, Tennessee. ... Dupont, DuPont, Du Pont, or du Pont may refer to: // E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, the worlds third largest chemical company Du Pont Motors Gilbert Dupont, a French stock brokerage part of retail banking network Crédit du Nord ST Dupont, a French manufacturer of fine... Nickname: Location in Davidson County and the state of Tennessee Coordinates: , Country United States State Tennessee Counties Davidson County Founded: 1779 Incorporated: 1806 Government  - Mayor Bill Purcell (D) Area  - City  526. ... Playas is a small town in Hidalgo County, New Mexico, the bootheel of southwestern New Mexico. ... Phelps Dodge Corporation (NYSE: PD) was founded in 1834 by Anson Greene Phelps and William E. Dodge. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Proctor, Vermont Proctor is a town located in Rutland County, Vermont. ... A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ... Redfield Proctor (June 1, 1831–March 4, 1908) was an American politician in the Republican Party. ... Pullman is a neighborhood on the south side of Chicago, twelve miles from the Loop by Lake Calumet. ... The streamlined Pullman observation-lounge car Coconino, coupled to a heavyweight sleeper painted in two-tone Pullman grey, brings up the rear of the Santa Fe Railways Chief at La Junta, Colorado on February 27, 1938. ... Ruston is a town located in Pierce County, Washington. ... ASARCO, Inc. ... Saltville is a town in Virginia, United States. ... The Olin Corporation (NYSE: OLN) is a major manufacturer of copper alloys (through subsidiary Olin Brass), ammunition (through the Winchester Ammunition), and chlorine and sodium hydroxide (Olin Chlor-Alkali Products). ... Scotia is a small unincorporated community in northwestern California, located in a wooded hillside by the Eel River off Highway 101, approximately 250 miles north from San Francisco. ... The Pacific Lumber Company or PALCO, owned by Maxxam Inc, is a logging company from northwestern California. ... Spreckels is a census-designated place located in Monterey County, California. ... Spreckels Sugar Company was a sugar beet refiner that for many years controlled much of the U.S. West Coast refined sugar market. ... City nickname: The Land of Sugar City slogan: Sugar Land. ... Imperial Sugar is a major U.S. sugar producer and marketer with refining operations in California, Georgia and Louisiana. ... Thurber, Texas is a ghost town in Texas. ... The Texas and Pacific Railway Company (known as the T&P) was created by federal charter in 1871 with the purpose of building a southern transcontinental railroad between Marshall, Texas and San Diego, California. ... Centro Ybor complex with a TECO Line car passing in front Ybor City (IPA: ) (EE-bore) is a historic district in Tampa, Florida. ... Early Life Bussiness Life This man was the creator of a city, Ybor City, Tampa, Florida, which he made for his workers at his cigar factory. ... For other uses, see Cigar (disambiguation). ... Tampas skyline For alternate meanings, see Tampa (disambiguation) Tampa is a city located in Hillsborough County on the west coast of Florida. ...

Central America and The Caribbean

Dominican Republic

  • La Romana, largely owned by the Central Romana Corporation.

La Romana is a province of the Dominican Republic, and also the name of its capital. ...

References

  • Linda Carlson, Company Towns of the Pacific Northwest, 2003 ISBN 0-295-98332-9 [1]
  • Crawford, Margaret (1995). Building the Workingman's Paradise: The Design of American Company Towns. London & New York: Verso. ISBN 0-86091-695-2. 

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
EH.Net Encyclopedia: The Company Town (1555 words)
Although company towns were most closely associated with the coal mining industry it should be noted that they existed in a number of other industries.
The prevalence of company towns, at least in the coal industry, was related to the settlement of regions where mines were developed.
The relationship between employees and owners in company towns could be contentious and this in turn generated a series of complaints that were surprisingly similar across time.
Cape Town hotels, cape town accommodation, Luxury hotels Cape Town, South Africa (713 words)
With Cape Town's spectacular geography and its amazing vibe it is not hard to see why it is consistently voted amongst the world's best cities.
Overlooking Cape Town’s spectacular Camps Bay beach, The Bay combines the charm of a country hotel with the sophistication of a truly international resort.
The PortsWood Hotel is the mainstay of one of the most spectacular views in the world: from Table Mountain, across the Atlantic and Robben Island, over the aureate beaches in the distance and around to where Signal Hill meets the mountain again.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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