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Encyclopedia > Company of One Hundred Associates

The Company of One Hundred Associates was a business enterprise created at a time when all territories explored by the French and seized as a part of the French colonial empire were the property of the King of France. In order to assert the King's sovereignty over these seized territories and to expliot its resources, France needed to establish permanent settlements and fortifications. As such, in 1613 a Royal charter granted an exclusive monopoly for New France to a select few aristocratic friends of the King who formed a company to invest in this vast territory. Neither the Royal government of France nor any of these companies saw any real value in Quebec or Acadia beyond the fur trade because it was the gold, silver, precious gems, plus the spices and sugar crops from the warmer climates of the southern hemisphere around the Caribbean that was the prime source of exploitation. The riches available in these lands meant that France had fierce competition from England, the Netherlands, Spain and Portugal that led to repeated wars.-1... Kings ruled in France from the Middle Ages to 1848. ... Events January - Galileo observes Neptune, but mistakes it for a star and so is not credited with its discovery. ... It has been suggested that coercive monopoly be merged into this article or section. ... New France (French: la Nouvelle-France) describes the area colonized by France in North America during a period extending from the exploration of the Saint Lawrence River, by Jacques Cartier in 1534, to the cession of New France to the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1763. ... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Flower White garden lily Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 2nd 1,542,056 km² 1,183... The national flag of Acadia, adopted in 1884. ... // Indian trade The fur trade (also called the Indian trade) was a huge part of the early history of contact in North America between European-Americans and American Indians (now often called Native Americans in the United States and First Nations in Canada). ... Central America and the Caribbean (detailed pdf map) The Caribbean, (Spanish: Caribe; French: Caraïbe or more commonly Antilles; Dutch: Cariben or Caraïben, or more commonly Antillen) or the West Indies, is a group of islands and countries which are in or border the Caribbean Sea which lies on... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the United Kingdom (light green), with the Republic of Ireland (blue) to its west Languages None official English de facto Capital None official London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked...


From 1613 to 1620, the Compagnie des Marchands operated in New France but as a result of a breach of their contract, lost their rights in 1621 to the Compagnie de Montmorency. However, in 1627, Cardinal Richelieu replaced this company with the Company of One Hundred Associates (Compagnie des Cent-Associés), ensuring that not only the State benefited, but that the Roman Catholic Church would as well. Cardinal Richelieu was the French chief minister from 1624 until his death. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catholicism. ...


The Company of One Hundred Associates, owned by bourgeoisie merchants and aristocratic court and church officials, was granted a complete monopoly over the fur trade and a limited monopoly of other commercial exploits in New France, a territory that encompassed all of Acadia, Quebec, Newfoundland, and the Louisiana Territory. Under the Ancien Regime in France, every community was governed by a lord and a priest plus a magistrate appointed only with the lord and priest’s concurrence. A such, a component of the Cardinal Richelieu charter given the Company of One Hundred Associates provided for Roman Catholic priests to be part of all settlements and explorations and priests were given governing authority in conjunction with any appointed Intendants. The charter also required the company to bring an average of 160 settlers to New France over the next twenty five years and to support their settlement for the first three years. The national flag of Acadia, adopted in 1884. ... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Flower White garden lily Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 2nd 1,542,056 km² 1,183... Newfoundland (French: Terre-Neuve; Irish: Talamh an Éisc; Latin: Terra Nova) is a large island off the northeast coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... The United States in 1810, following the Louisiana Purchase. ... Ancien R gime means Old Regime or Old Order in French; in English, the term refers primarily to the social and political system established in France under the Valois and Bourbon dynasties, and secondarily to any regime which shares the formers defining features: a feudal system under the control... New France was governed by three rulers: the governor, the bishop and the intendant, all appointed by the King, and sent from France. ...


From the start, the Company of One Hundred Associates encountered numerous difficulties with its exploitation of New France including territorial battles with the British. By 1631 the company had to find new investors willing to accept the risks. In order to attract people and capital, the company had to allocate portions of its trading monopoly to new subsidiary companies. These subsidiary partners, such as the Compagnie des Habitants in Quebec, were made up of wealthy members of the elite from various parts of France. Nevertheless, over the ensuing two decades this concept too had very limited success and France turned its attention to more important things in 1635 when it joined the Thirty Years' War in Europe. The Thirty Years War was fought between 1618 and 1648, principally on the territory of todays Germany, also involving most of the major European continental powers. ... Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europes borders. ...


Discontent with settlers in Quebec over the Company of One Hundred Associates total control of the fur trade caused numerous problems and matters worsened during the 1650s when war with the Iroquois First Nations severely hampered the fur trade and threatened continued colonization. Unable to deal with the numerous and ongoing difficulties, in 1663 the Company of One Hundred Associates surrendered its charter. The Iroquois Confederacy (Haudenosaunee, also known as the League of Peace and Power, Five Nations, or Six Nations) is a group of First Nations/Native Americans. ... Carved mask in Vancouver First Nations is a term of ethnicity used in Canada. ... // Events Prix de Rome scholarship established for students of the arts. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Company of One Hundred Associates - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (616 words)
The Company of One Hundred Associates was a business enterprise created at a time when all territories explored by the French and seized as a part of the French colonial empire were the property of the King of France.
The Company of One Hundred Associates, owned by bourgeoisie merchants and aristocratic court and church officials, was granted a complete monopoly over the fur trade and a limited monopoly of other commercial exploits in New France, a territory that encompassed all of Acadia, Quebec, Newfoundland, and the Louisiana Territory.
A such, a component of the Cardinal Richelieu charter given the Company of One Hundred Associates provided for Roman Catholic priests to be part of all settlements and explorations and priests were given governing authority in conjunction with any appointed Intendants.
The Scot in British North America - Chapter II British Fur-hunting and Settlement (3517 words)
They had the great Company well-organized, and possessing ample governmental powers to contend with; the Indians were, for the most part, hostile and always untrustworthy, and the time had obviously arrived for a co-operative efforts by the Montreal traders.
The dissensions amongst the partners, the superior organization of the new company, and its determined hostility to the recalcitrants, proved serious obstacles in Mackenzie’s way; but in 1787, the differences were healed, and a union effected, much to the satisfaction of all parties.
The Hudson Bay Company had the prior claim in point of time, and were not prepared to tolerate competitors in the fur-trade, even in regions where their employees had never set foot.
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