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Encyclopedia > Community of Democratic Choice
Community of Democratic Choice
Community of Democratic Choice

The Community of Democratic Choice is an international organization established on December 2, 2005 by nine states of Eastern Europe in Kiev. It was mainly signed by countries from the region between the Baltic, Black Sea and Caspian Sea ("The three Seas"). Its main task is to promote democracy, human rights and the rule of law in that region. Image File history File links Map_Community_of_Democratic_Choice. ... Image File history File links Map_Community_of_Democratic_Choice. ... An international organization (also called intergovernmental organization) is an organization of international scope or character. ... December 2 is the 336th day (337th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Eastern Europe is the eastern region of Europe variably defined. ... Location Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... Map of the Black Sea. ... The Caspian Sea is the largest lake on Earth by both area and volume,[1] with a surface area of 371,000 square kilometres (143,244 mi²) and a volume of 78,200 cubic kilometres (18,761 mi³).[2] It is a landlocked endorheic body of water and lies between...

Contents

Membership

Image File history File links Flag_of_Estonia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Georgia_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lithuania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Latvia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Moldova. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Azerbaijan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is an international organization for security. ...

History and Precedents

Community of Democratic Choice (CDC) ██ members ██ observers
Community of Democratic Choice (CDC) ██ members ██ observers

The primary historical precedent of this community may be GUAM which brought together the governments of Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova (and for some time Uzbekistan as well) and was likewise largely thought to have the function of counterbalancing Russian influence in the area. The effectiveness and strength of that organization is, however, disputed. Image File history File links CDC_members. ... Image File history File links CDC_members. ...


The creation of the Community itself was foreshadowed by the Borjomi Declaration of August 2005, a joint statement signed by the Presidents of Georgia and Ukraine, Mikheil Saakashvili and Viktor Yushchenko, which envisioned the Community as a "powerful instrument for removing the remaining divisions in the Baltic-Black Sea region, human rights violations, and any type of confrontation, or frozen conflict.” [1] Mikhail Saakashvili briefing the press at UN headquarters Mikhail Saakashvili (Georgian: მიხეილ სააკაშვილი) (born December 21, 1967), Georgian jurist and politician, is the President of Georgia. ... Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko (Ukrainian: ) (born February 23, 1954) is the current President of Ukraine. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... Map of the Black Sea. ...


The Community of Democratic Choice was then created in Kiev during a two-day forum aimed at promoting democracy and human rights in the wider region of the Baltic-Black-Caspian Seas. Besides the presidents of the nine founding states, there were delegations from Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland and also observers from the United States, the European Union and the OSCE. The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... Map of the Black Sea. ... The Caspian Sea is the largest lake on Earth by both area and volume,[1] with a surface area of 371,000 square kilometres (143,244 mi²) and a volume of 78,200 cubic kilometres (18,761 mi³).[2] It is a landlocked endorheic body of water and lies between... The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is an international organization for security. ...


Purpose and Character

The Community has no clear shape. The Ukrainian Foreign Minister Borys Tarasyuk, for example, said that the community is not a project against anybody, but rather a project in favor of democracy, stability and prosperity. [2]. Likewise, President Viktor Yushchenko said that the initiative was not directed against any third countries or institutions and that its purpose was not "to befriend anyone against someone else", but that it must rather be seen as "dialogue between friends, adherents of ideas for promoting democracy and the supremacy of law". Boris Tarasyuk with Condoleezza Rice Borys Tarasyuk (born 1949) is the foreign minister of Ukraine. ...


On the other hand Giorgi Arveladze, presidential administration head of Georgia, said that the community would in essence be "an axis of democratic countries that do not wish to remain in Russia's orbit." Giorgi Arveladze is Minister for the Economy in Georgia. ...


Temuri Yakobashvili, the vice-president of the Georgian Foundation for Strategic and International Studies said that he saw the Community of Democratic Choice as something in between the two main "poles of attraction" in the region (the EU and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization), saying that "the idea of creating a Community of Democratic Choice may appeal to those countries that are caught between those two blocs, but lean toward democracy and the West." [3] Membership 6 member states 4 observer states Headquarters Secretariat RATS - Beijing - Tashkent Working languages Chinese, Russian Secretary General Zhang Deguang Formation 14 June 2001 Official website http://www. ...


Besides the question of its character the membership of the community is still not clear. At the Vilnius Conference 2006 the two founding members Macedonia and Slovenia did not take part with representatives but one of the hosts was Poland. Further the Prime Minister of Sweden Göran Persson stated his country's intention to join the organization that was welcomed by Saakashvilli, saying that Sweden's entry would provide additional impetus to the CDC forum. [4] So up till now there the question of membership in the CDC is not answered. Hans Göran Persson ( ) (born January 20, 1949), was the thirty-first Prime Minister of Sweden (1996 – 2006). ...


Nevertheless the President of Moldova, Vladimir Voronin, urged the Community to develop its own institutions, including its own parliamentary assembly, saying that it offered a possibility to integrate those countries that have chosen a European orientation. [5] The Vilnius Conference already gave a hint to what that means by including an Intellectuals, a NGO and a Youth Forum.[6] Vladimir Nicolae Voronin (born May 25, 1941) is the current President of the Republic of Moldova. ...


Meetings

  • December 1-2, 2005: Kiev, Ukraine
  • March 9-10, 2006: Tbilisi, Georgia
  • May, 2006: Vilnius, Lithuania

Location Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted. ... Tbilisi (Georgian თბილისი ) is the capital and largest city of the country of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura (Mtkvari) River, at . ... Location Ethnographic region Aukštaitija County Vilnius County Municipality Vilnius city municipality Coordinates Number of elderates 20 General Information Capital of Lithuania Vilnius County Vilnius city municipality Vilnius district municipality Population 540,318 in 2005 (1st) First mentioned 1323 Granted city rights 1387 Vilna redirects here. ...

See also

The Community for Democracy and Human Rights is a quasi-organization formed on June 14, 2006 in Sokhumi by the leaders of the unrecognized governments of Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Transnistria - Sergey Bagapsh, Eduard Kokoity and Igor Smirnov. ...  GUAM members  Former GUAM members  The rest of the CIS GUAM redirects here. ... The Community of Democracies (CD) is an intergovernmental organization of democracies and democratizing countries with a stated commitment to strengthening and deepening democratic norms and practices worldwide. ... Logo of the Youth Forum of Europes New Democracies The Youth Forum of Europes New Democracies is an international youth organisation that was founded in May 2006 in Vilnius (Lithuania). ... Black Sea Forum member states  members  observers The inaugural session of the Black Sea Forum for Partnership and Dialogue (BSF) was held on June 4-6, 2006 in Bucharest. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.rferl.org/featuresarticle/2005/12/045ad9d6-04ea-41ac-9c8e-6501191f1cd8.html
  2. ^ http://www.abhaber.com/news_page.asp?id=2332
  3. ^ http://www.rferl.org/features/features_Article.aspx?m=12&y=2005&id=5E1861CC-16F9-4783-A0F7-E9CD1012E461
  4. ^ http://www.caucaz.com/home_eng/depeches.php?idp=896
  5. ^ http://www.rferl.org/featuresarticle/2005/12/045ad9d6-04ea-41ac-9c8e-6501191f1cd8.html
  6. ^ http://www.vilniusconference2006.lt

 
 

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