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Encyclopedia > Communist Party of Spain

This article is part of the series
Politics of Spain

The Crown - Head of State
Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Parliamentary democracy was restored following the death of General Franco in 1975, who had ruled since the end of the civil war in 1939. ... The Spanish monarchy, referred to as the Crown of Spain (Corona de España) in the Spanish Constitution of 1978, is the office of the King or Queen of Spain. ...

Cortes Generales - Legislative branch
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Political parties in Spain
Elections in Spain:
1977 - 1979 - 1982 - 1986
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2004 The Cortes Generales (English: General Courts) is the Spanish legislature. ... The Spanish Congress of Deputies (Spanish: Congreso de los Diputados) is the lower house of the Cortes Generales, Spains legislative branch. ... The Spanish Senate (Spanish: Senado) is the upper house of the Cortes Generales, Spains legislative branch. ... Political parties in Spain lists political parties in Spain. ... Elections in Spain gives information on election and election results in Spain. ... Won by a Mr Martin J Hollerwatch of 34 Clackton Road, Cumberbatch-On-Sea (El Partido Malvado - The Evil Party) through a sliding majority poll of fifty to something. ... Results for the 1979 Spanish general election Reference El País official webpage (spanish) Congreso de españa official webpage (spanish) ... PSOE and PSC presented two different candidatures: PSOE in Spain and PSC (Catalan Social Party) only in Catalunya. ... References El País official webpage (spanish) http://www. ... External links Official results Categories: Elections in Spain ... External links Official results Categories: Elections in Spain ... External links Official results Categories: Elections in Spain ... Legislative elections were held in Spain on March 12, 2000. ... Map of Spains electoral circumscriptions, and the parties leading in each circumscription in the election for the Congress of Deputies Legislative elections were held in Spain on March 14, 2004. ...

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   Regional governments The Prime Minister, or President of the Government (Spanish: Presidente del Gobierno), of Spain is the Spanish head of government. ... (1977 - 1979): Council of Ministers of Spain (1st Legislature) (1979 - 1982): Council of Ministers of Spain (2nd Legislature) (1982 - 1986): Council of Ministers of Spain (3rd Legislature) (1986 - 1989): Council of Ministers of Spain (4th Legislature) (1989 - 1993): Council of Ministers of Spain (5th Legislature) (1993 - 1996): Council of Ministers... List of Spanish Regional Governments Spain has 17 autonomous regions (comunidades autonomas), plus two autonomous cities (ciudades autonomas). ...

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Madrid (capital city) The Spanish Constitution has been reformed once (, Title I) to extend to citizens of the European Union the right to active and passive suffrage (both voting rights and eligibility as candidates) in local elections. ... Autonomous communities of Spain. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ...

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PCE symbol
PCE symbol

The Communist Party of Spain (Partido Comunista de España or PCE) is the third largest political party of Spain. It leads the coalition Izquierda Unida (IU, United Left) and has influence in the largest union of Spain, Workers' Commissions (CC.OO.). Image File history File links PCElogo. ... Image File history File links PCElogo. ... A political party is a political organization that subscribes to a certain ideology and seeks to attain political power within a government. ... United Left (Izquierda Unida) is an electoral coalition that was organized in 1986 during the mobilizations in Spain against NATO. It was formed by several groups of leftists, greens, left-wing socialists and republicans, but was always dominated by the Communist Party of Spain (PCE). ... Workers Commissions (Comisiones Obreras, CCOO). ...


The first communist party in Spain, Partido Comunista Español (Spanish Communist Party) had been formed out of the Federación de Juventudes Socialistas (Federation of Socialist Youth, youth wing of PSOE). P.C. Español is constituted on April 15 1920. It started to publish El Comunista. ... The Spanish Socialist Workers Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español or PSOE) is one of the main parties of Spain. ... 1920 (MCMXX) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ...


Partido Comunista Obrero Español (Spanish Communist Workers' Party) was founded on April 13 1921 by the terceristas, who had been trying to persuade PSOE to join Third International. When the PSOE congress decided to join the Vienna International instead of the Third International, the terceristas broke away and formed PCOE. Partido Comunista Obrero Español (Spanish Communist Workers Party) was the name of a party founded on April 13 1921 by the terceristas, who had been trying to persuade PSOE to join Third International. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Spanish Socialist Workers Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español or PSOE) is one of the main parties of Spain. ... The Comintern (from Russian Коммунистический Интернационал (Kommunisticheskiy Internatsional) – Communist International), also known as the Third International, was an independent international Communist organization founded in March 1919 by Lenin, Trotsky and the Russian Communist Party (bolshevik), which intended to fight by all available means, including armed force, for the overthrow of the international... The Spanish Socialist Workers Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español or PSOE) is one of the main parties of Spain. ... The International Working Union of Socialist Parties (also known as 2½ International or the Vienna International) was an international organization for cooperation of socialists. ... The Comintern (from Russian Коммунистический Интернационал (Kommunisticheskiy Internatsional) – Communist International), also known as the Third International, was an independent international Communist organization founded in March 1919 by Lenin, Trotsky and the Russian Communist Party (bolshevik), which intended to fight by all available means, including armed force, for the overthrow of the international...


Partido Comunista de España was founded on November 14 1921 through an act of merger of Partido Comunista Español and Partido Comunista Obrero Español. The unified PCE became a member of the Third International. The first congress of PCE is held in Sevilla in March 1922. In its early days, PCE suffered severely from the repression of the dictatorship of general Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-1930). 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Comintern (from Russian Коммунистический Интернационал (Kommunisticheskiy Internatsional) – Communist International), also known as the Third International, was an independent international Communist organization founded in March 1919 by Lenin, Trotsky and the Russian Communist Party (bolshevik), which intended to fight by all available means, including armed force, for the overthrow of the international... This article is about the city in Spain. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Spanish dictator Miguel Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja Miguel Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja, Marqués de Estella (Jerez, January 8, 1870 - Paris, March 16, 1930) was a Spanish military official who ruled Spain as a dictator from 1923 to 1930, ending the turno system of alternating parties. ...


Thus, the PCE was in a very debilitated state when the Second Spanish Republic was proclaimed in 1931. On December 3 1933 the first PCE parliamentarian, Cayetano Bolívar Escribano, was elected. Bolívar was jailed at the time of elections and left imprisonment to occupy his post in the parliament. History of Spain series Prehistoric Spain Roman Spain Medieval Spain -Visigoths -Al-Andalus -Age of Reconquest Age of Expansion Age of Enlightenment Reaction and Revolution First Spanish Republic The Restoration Second Spanish Republic Spanish Civil War The Dictatorship Modern Spain Topics Economic History Military History Social History Flag of the... 1931 (MCMXXXI) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


PCE was a small party during the initial years of the Republic, until it began to grow due to the victory of the Popular Front (of which the Communists had been a constituent part) in February of 1936 and the beginning of the Spanish Civil War in July of that year. The PCE, directed by José Díaz and Dolores Ibárruri Pasionaria, worked constistently for the victory of the Republican forces and the Popular Front government, but was vary of left-adventurist trends which disrupted the Republican unity. Being a well-knit and highly disciplined organization, PCE could in spite of its numerical weakness play an important part in the war. In the first five months of the war, PCE grew from 30,000 members to 100,000. It also founded the Socorro Rojo Internacional, which aided the Republican cause considerably. The Popular Front (Spanish Popular Front) was an electoral coalition and pact signed in January 1936 by various left-wing political organisations, instigated by Manuel Azaña for the purpose of contesting that years election. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... History of Spain series Prehistoric Spain Roman Spain Medieval Spain - Visigoths - Al-Andalus - Age of Reconquest Age of Expansion Age of Enlightenment Reaction and Revolution First Spanish Republic The Restoration Second Spanish Republic Spanish Civil War The Dictatorship Modern Spain Topics Economic History Military History Social History The Spanish Civil... Dolores Ibarruri Dolores Ibárruri Gómez, also known as La Pasionaria (the passion flower) (November 12, 1895–December 9, 1989) was a Spanish political leader. ... International Red Aid (in Spanish, Socorro Rojo Internacional or SRI) was a Spanish Soviet organization affiliated with the Comintern, making its first appearance in Spain as a charity organization during the workers’ revolt of October 1934 in Asturias. ...

In 1936, due to the special political situation in Catalonia, Partit Comunista de Catalunya (the Catalan branch of PCE) is separated from the party to fuse with other socialists to form Partit Socialista Unificat de Catalunya. Since then PCE does not have an organization in Catalonia, but relies on a regional referrent party. This set-up has been imitated by many of the communist splinter groups in Spain. Image File history File links Pce2. ... Image File history File links Pce2. ... History of Spain series Prehistoric Spain Roman Spain Medieval Spain - Visigoths - Al-Andalus - Age of Reconquest Age of Expansion Age of Enlightenment Reaction and Revolution First Spanish Republic The Restoration Second Spanish Republic Spanish Civil War The Dictatorship Modern Spain Topics Economic History Military History Social History The Spanish Civil... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Capital Barcelona Official languages Spanish and Catalan In Val dAran, also Aranese. ... Catalan Communist Party (in Catalan: Partit Comunista de Catalunya) was the branch of the Communist Party of Spain in Catalonia. ... The PSUC (Partit Socialista Unificat de Catalunya, Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia), was formed through the unification fo socialist and communist parties in Catalonia in 1936. ...


After the Republican defeat in April of 1939, the PCE was persecuted by the dictatorship of general Francisco Franco (1939-1975), although maintained the best organization of the opposition inside Spain. During the initial years of the Franco regime, PCE organized guerrilla struggles in some parts of the country. // Events January-March January 2 - End of term for Frank Finley Merriam, 28th Governor of California. ... Francisco Franco Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde (December 4, 1892 – November 20, 1975), abbreviated Francisco Franco Bahamonde and sometimes known as Generalisimo Francisco Franco, was the dictator and Head of State of Spain from 1936/1939 until his death in 1975. ...


A large part of the party membership was forced into exile. Some PCE member went to the Soviet Union and fought as volunteers for the Red Army during the Second World War, such as General Enrique Lister. A large section of PCE members were based in France, were a major party organization was set up. During the later half of the Franco years, PCE changed its strategy and started organizing Workers' Commissions (CC.OO.) within the official trade union aparatus. CC.OO. and PCE gained strength and became the backbone of the opposition forces in the country. Red Army flag The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya in Russian), the armed forces organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Enrique Líster (1907, Ameneiro (A Coruña) - 1994, Madrid) was a Spanish communist politician and army official. ...


Dolores Ibárruri, "La Pasionaria", replaced Jose Diaz as General Secretary in 1942, and held the position until 1960. Santiago Carrillo was General Secretary from 1960 to 1982. Carrillo put the party on a eurocommunist course, distancing it from its Leninist origins. Carrillo accepted concessions to the bourgeoisie, accepting the restoration of a liberal democracy and constitutional monarchy. The party was legalized on April 9, 1977 as one of the last steps in the transtion to democracy in Spain. Only weeks after the legalization, PCE had over 200 000 card-holding members. This article is about the year. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Santiago Carrillo Solares (born January 18, 1915), Spanish politician, was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) from 1960 to 1982. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Eurocommunism was an attempt in the 1970s by various European communist parties to widen their appeal by embracing middle-class themes, rejecting unquestioning support of the Soviet Union and express more clearly their fidelity to the democratic institutions. ... Vladimir Lenin in 1920 Leninism is a political and economic theory which builds upon Marxism; it is a branch of Marxism (and it has been the dominant branch of Marxism in the world since the 1920s). ... Bourgeoisie (RP [], GA []) in modern use refers to the wealthy or propertied social class in a capitalist society. ... Liberal democracy is a form of representative democracy where the ability of elected representatives to exercise decision-making power is subject to the rule of law and moderated by a constitution which emphasizes the protection of the rights and freedoms of individuals and minorities (also called constitutional democracy and constitutional... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ...


But the concessions made by Carrillo and the socialdemocratization of the party under his leadership provoked dissent amongst party ranks. Several party militants left the party. Enrique Lister broke away in 1973 and formed Partido Comunista Obrero Español. Other groups that broke away were Partido Comunista de los Trabajadores (formed by the Left Opposition of PCE in 1977) and PCE (VIII-IX Congresos) (formed in 1971). Enrique Líster (1907, Ameneiro (A Coruña) - 1994, Madrid) was a Spanish communist politician and army official. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... PCOE symbol Partido Comunista Obrero Español (Spanish Communist Workers Party) is a minor communist political party in Spain. ... Workers Communist Party (in Spanish: Partido Comunista de los Trabajadores) was a political party in Spain. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Comrade Augustín Gomez, Your cause will triumph! Our Legalization! A necessary step for the social progress towards socialism in Spain Long live 1st of May! Partido Comunista de España (VIII y IX Congresos) (Communist Party of Spain (8th and 9th Congresses)), a pro-Soviet splinter group of PCE... 1971 (MCMLXXI) is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ...

PCE sticker
PCE sticker

In the first elections after the transition in 1977, PCE obtained 10% of the votes and they got a similar result in 1979. In 1982, PCE suffered an electoral defeat. The electoral defeat and broad dissent amongst the party membership against Carrillo's social democratic path led to the removal of Carrillo from the party leadership. In 1985 Carrillo was expelled from the party. Image File history File links Pce10. ... Image File history File links Pce10. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


In 1986, during the anti-NATO struggle, PCE and other leftist groups formed Izquierda Unida (IU). At the moment, the PCE has about 30,000 militants. From 1982 to 1988, the General Secretry was Gerardo Iglesias. Between 1988 and 1998, its General Secretary was Julio Anguita and since 1998 the post is held by Francisco Frutos, a member of the Cortes. 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The NATO flag NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), sometimes called North Atlantic Alliance, Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for defence collaboration established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, D.C., on April 4... United Left (Izquierda Unida) is an electoral coalition that was organized in 1986 during the mobilizations in Spain against NATO. It was formed by several groups of leftists, greens, left-wing socialists and republicans, but was always dominated by the Communist Party of Spain (PCE). ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Julio Anguita González (born 1941). ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Francisco Frutos (born 1939) is a Spanish politician and a member of the Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia (PSUC, catalan section of the Communist Party of Spain, PCE) since 1963, is the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) since 1998 and member of the Cortes as member... The Cortes Generales (English: General Courts) is the Spanish legislature. ...


Notably PSUC, the Catalan referrent of PCE, did not reverse its eurocommunist course as PCE had done in 1982. Gradually PSUC and PCE grew apart. Finally PSUC decided to dissolve itself into Iniciativa per Catalunya, and cease to function as a communist party. This provoked a 45% minority to break-away and form PSUC viu (Living PSUC). Since 1998 PSUC viu (EUiA) is the referrent of PCE in Catalonia. 1982 (MCMLXXXII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Categories: Politics stubs | Catalan political parties ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... United and Alternative Left (Esquerra Unida i Alternativa) is a political party from Catalonia, Spain. ... Capital Barcelona Official languages Spanish and Catalan In Val dAran, also Aranese. ...


The youth organization of PCE is Unión de Juventudes Comunistas de España (Young Communist League of Spain). PCE publishes Mundo Obrero (Workers World) monthly.


Federations of PCE

PCE consists of 15 federations:

PSUC viu participates in PCE congresses, etc. as a PCE federation. PCA logo Communist Party of Andalusia (in Spanish: Partido Comunista de Andalucía), is the federation of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) in Andalusia. ... PCA logo Communist Party of Aragon (in Spanish: Partido Comunista de Aragón), is the federation of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) in Aragon. ... Communist Party of Asturias (in Spanish: Partido Comunista de Asturias), is the federation of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) in Asturias. ... The Communist Party of the Balearic Islands (in Catalan: Partit Comunista de les Illes Balears), is the federation of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) in the Balearic Islands. ... Communist Party of the Canaries (in Spanish: Partido Comunista de Canarias), is the federation of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) in the Canary Islands. ... Communist Party of Cantabria (in Spanish: Partido Comunista de Cantabria), is the federation of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) in Cantabria. ... PCCM logo Communist Party of Castile-La Mancha (in Spanish: Partido Comunista de Castilla La Mancha), is the federation of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) in Castile-La Mancha. ... Communist Party of Castile-Leon (in Spanish: Partido Comunista de Castilla León), is the federation of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) in Castile-Leon. ... Communist Party of Euskadi - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Communist Party of Extremadura (in Spanish: Partido Comunista de Extremadura), is the federation of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) in Extremadura. ... PCG logo Communist Party of Galicia (in Spanish: Partido Comunista de Galicia), is the federation of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) in Galicia. ... PCM logo Communist Party of Madrid (in Spanish: Partido Comunista de Madrid), is the federation of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) in the Autonomous Community of Madrid. ... Communist Party of the Region of Murcia (in Spanish: Partido Comunista de la Región de Murcia), is the federation of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) in Murcia. ... Communist Party of La Rioja (in Spanish: Partido Comunista de La Rioja), is the federation of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) in La Rioja. ... PCPV logo PCPV sticker from 1977 Communist Party of the Valencian Country (in Catalan: Partit Comunista del País Valencià), is the federation of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) in the Valencian Country. ...


Propaganda of the party

External links

  • Party website

See also: Politics of Spain Parliamentary democracy was restored following the death of General Franco in 1975, who had ruled since the end of the civil war in 1939. ...



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