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Encyclopedia > Communist Party of Lithuania

Communist Party of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos komunist┼│ partija) - communist party in Lithuania, established in early October 1918. Had close ties with Communist Party of the Soviet Union from very beginning. In modern usage, a communist party is a political party which promotes communism, the sociopolitical philosophy based on Marxism. ... Look up October in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Russian: Коммунисти́ческая Па́ртия Сове́тского Сою́за = КПСС) was the name used by the successors of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party from 1952 to 1991, but the wording Communist Party was present in the partys name since 1918 when the Bolsheviks became the All...


During Soviet occupation of Lithuania (1940-1941; 1944-1990) the first secretary of the Central committee of the party (always a Lithuanian) was de facto governor of the country. The second secretary was always a Moscow-appointed Russian.


An alternative Communist Party of Lithuania ("on platform of Communist Party of Soviet Union") existed in 1990-1991 under leadership of Mykolas Burokevicius. It was established after the "traditional" party declared its independence from its Soviet Union counterpart, and was eventually banned in 1991.


The successor of the party, the Social Democratic Party of Lithuania), is the major political force in Lithuania, even though its leadership is dominated by comunist leaders of late 1980s (i.e. mostly liberal ex-communists). It was major partner of ruling coalition in 1992-1996 and from 2001 onwards. The Social Democratic Party of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos socialdemokratų partija) is the ruling political party in Lithuania, formed from the merger of the Democratic Labour Party of Lithuania and the Lithuanian Social-Democratic Party. ...


History

The party was working illegally until 1940, when Soviet army entered Lithuania and it was made the only legal party. 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The party aparatus was actively participating in exiles of civilian Lithuanians into Siberia during the Soviet occupation, and in quelling down the guerilla resistance against Soviet rule in Lithuania after World War II.


In 1989, during mass protests against Soviet Union in Lithuania the party declared itself independend from Communist Party of the Soviet Union. // Before statehood Baltic tribes The first Lithuanians, or Liths, were a branch of an ancient group known as the Balts, whose tribes also included the original Prussian and Latvian people. ...


In 1990 the Communist Party of Lithuania was renamed into Democratic Labour Party of Lithuania, which in turn was later merged with Social Democratic Party of Lithuania under the later's name. LDDP symbol LLJU symbol Democratic Labour Party of Lithuania (LDDP, in Lithuanian Lietuvos Demokratine Darbo Partija), a social democratic political party in Lithuania, that emerged out of the Lithuanian section of the CPSU. LDDP was led by Algirdas Brazauskas, the first president of independent Lithuania. ...


 
 

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