The CommunistParty of Spain (Partido Comunista de España or PCE) is the third largest political party of Spain.
PCE was a small party during the initial years of the Republic, until it began to grow due to the victory of the Popular Front (of which the Communists had been a constituent part) in February of 1936 and the beginning of the Spanish Civil War in July of that year.
The CommunistParty of Russia, the largest and most well-financed of the new parties, won the largest bloc of seats in the 1995 parliamentary elections, and in the first round of the 1996 Russian presidential election, Communist candidate Gennady Zyuganov received almost as many votes as Yeltsin.
CommunistParties first started to be widely established across the world in the early 20th century, after the creation of the Communist International by the Russian Bolsheviks.
The CommunistParty of the United States was considered within the political mainstream during the 1930s and 1940s, but the advent of the Cold War led to McCarthyism, a vigorous anti-Communist political repression movement in America during the 1950s which effectively marginalized the American CommunistParty.
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