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Encyclopedia > Communist Party of China
Communist Party of China
中国共产党
中國共產黨
General Secretary Hu Jintao
Founded July 1, 1921 (official)
July 23, 1921 (de facto)
Headquarters Zhongnanhai, Beijing
Political ideology Marxism-Leninism (official)
Maoism (official)
Deng Xiaoping Theory with Socialism with Chinese characteristics (official)
Three Represents (official)
Scientific Development Concept (official)
No. of members 73,360,000 (2007)

The Communist Party of China (CPC) (simplified Chinese: 中国共产党; traditional Chinese: 中國共產黨; pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the People's Republic of China and also the world's largest political party. This status as ruling party is guaranteed by China's constitution, regardless of what the popular vote of China's citizens might be[1]. The Communist Party of China was founded in 1921, and fought the National Government of China (Republic of China) led by the Kuomintang (KMT) during the Chinese Civil War, which ended with the Communist Party of China's victory in the Chinese Revolution. With more than 70 million members,[2] the CPC is the largest political party in the world, with this number being but 5.5% of the total population of China. Image File history File links Danghui. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Hu Hu Jintao (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born December 21, 1942) is currently the Paramount Leader of the Peoples Republic of China, holding the titles of General Secretary of the Communist Party of China since 2002, President of the... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... An aerial view of Zhongnanhai The Zhongnanhai (Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhōngnánhăi) is a complex of buildings in Beijing, China which serves as the central headquarters for the Communist Party of China and the government of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Peking redirects here. ... Vladimir Lenin in 1920 Leninism is a political and economic theory which builds upon Marxism; it is a branch of Marxism (and it has been the dominant branch of Marxism in the world since the 1920s). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Deng Xiaoping Theory (邓小平理论) is the series of political and economic ideologies first developed by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping. ... This article is about the term itself and its relationships. ... The Three Represents (Simplified Chinese: 三个代表; Traditional Chinese: 三個代表; pinyin: sān gè dài biÇŽo) is a policy developed by Jiang Zemin for the Communist Party of China. ... The Scientific Development Concept (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: , Pinyin: KÄ“xué FāzhÇŽn Guān) is the current official guiding socio-economic ideology of the Communist Party of China. ... Simplified Chinese character (Simplified Chinese: or ; traditional Chinese: or ; pinyin: or ) is one of two standard sets of Chinese characters of the contemporary Chinese written language. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... The ruling party in a parliamentary system is the party or coalition of the majority in parliament. ... A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... The Constitution of the Peoples Republic of China (中华人民共和国宪法; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó XiànfÇŽ) is the highest law within the Peoples Republic of China. ... In modern usage, the term communist party is generally used to identify any political party which has adopted communist ideology. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... The Kuomintang of China (abbreviation KMT) [1], also often translated as the Chinese Nationalist Party, is a political party in the Republic of China (ROC), now on Taiwan, and is currently the largest political party in terms of seats in the Legislative Yuan, and the oldest political party in the... Belligerents Nationalist Party of China Communist Party of China Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Mao Zedong Strength 4,300,000 (July 1946) 3,650,000 (June 1948) 1,490,000 (June 1949) 1,200,000 (July 1946) 2,800,000 (June 1948) 4,000,000 (June 1949) The Chinese Civil War... The Chinese Revolution may refer to: The Xinhai Revolution of 1911-1912, which led to the founding of the Republic of China, also known as the Republican Revolution. ... A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ...

Contents

Role within the People's Republic of China

Flag of the Communist Party of China
Flag of the Communist Party of China

The CPC is one of the three centers of power within the People's Republic of China, the other two being the state apparatus and the People's Liberation Army. It is the main center of power in the PRC. In areas administered by the PRC outside of the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macao, the Communist Party of China functions effectively as a single party state. Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Chinese_Communist_Party. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Chinese_Communist_Party. ... Peoples Liberation Army redirects here. ... Special administrative region may be: Peoples Republic of China Special administrative regions, present-day administrative divisions (as of 2006) set up by the Peoples Republic of China to administer Hong Kong (since 1997) and Macau (since 1999) Republic of China Special administrative regions, also translated as special administrative... A single-party state or one-party system or single-party system is a type of party system and form of government where only a single political party dominates the government and no opposition parties are allowed. ...


The relationship between party and state is somewhat different from that of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union under Stalin's successors, in which the party controlled the state. In the current PRC structure, power derives from the state position, but key state positions are invariably held by members of the party and the party through its organization department makes crucial decisions on who occupies what position. However, in contrast to the Soviet situation where the party had extra-legal authority, it has been established since the early 1990s that the party is subject to rule of law and is therefore subject to the authority of the state and the Constitution of the People's Republic of China. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Russian: Коммунисти́ческая Па́ртия Сове́тского Сою́за, transliterated Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Sovetskogo Soyuza, acronym: КПСС (KPSS)) was the ruling political party in the Soviet Union. ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვილი; see Other names section) (December 21, 1879[1] – March 5, 1953) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and leader of the Soviet Union. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      The rule of law, in its most basic form, is the principle that no one is above the law. ... The Constitution of the Peoples Republic of China (中华人民共和国宪法; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó XiànfÇŽ) is the highest law within the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Within the central government, the Party and state structures are fused with the leader of a ministry or commission also being the leader of the party body associated with that ministry. At the provincial or lower levels, the party and state heads are invariably separate, although the party head has a high state position and the state head has a high party position. The general practice at the provincial level has been for the governor of the province government to have been promoted through the local bureaucracy and for the party general secretary to be an outsider.


Although the PRC exercises sovereignty over Hong Kong and Macao, the Communist Party of China cannot interfere with the local politics of these two special administrative regions. Instead it uses PRC United Front strategy like tactics to purposely weaken democracy camps in the region.[3] Pro-Beijing groups have been installed since the 1990s to try and gain lower and middle class citizen support in local elections.[4] National motto: none Official language Chinese and Portuguese Chief Executive Edmund Ho Hau-wah Area - Total - % water Not ranked 27. ... Special administrative region may be: Peoples Republic of China Special administrative regions, present-day administrative divisions (as of 2006) set up by the Peoples Republic of China to administer Hong Kong (since 1997) and Macau (since 1999) Republic of China Special administrative regions, also translated as special administrative...


Organization

The party's organizational structure was destroyed during the Cultural Revolution and rebuilt afterwards by Deng Xiaoping, who subsequently initiated "Socialism with Chinese characteristics" and brought all state apparatuses back under the control of the CPC. This article is about the Peoples Republic of China. ... Deng Xiaoping   (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Teng Hsiao-ping; August 22, 1904 – February 19, 1997) was a prominent Chinese politician and reformer, and the late leader of the Communist Party of China (CCP). ... This article is about the term itself and its relationships. ...


Theoretically, the party's highest body is the National Congress of the Communist Party of China, which meets at least once every five years. The primary organization of power in the Communist Party which are listed in the party constitution include: The National Congress of the Communist Party of China (Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a party congress that is held about once every five years. ... The Constitution of the Communist Party of China (CPC) has 53 Articles and includes contents of General Program, Membership, Organization System, Central Organizations, Local Organizations, Primary Organizations, Party Cadres, Party Discipline, Party Organs for Discipline Inspection, Leading Party Members Groups, Relationship Between the Party and the Communist Youth League, Party...

Jiang Zemin with Hu Jintao, the current General Secretary of the party.
Jiang Zemin with Hu Jintao, the current General Secretary of the party.
The People's Liberation Army in dress uniform.
The People's Liberation Army in dress uniform.
  • Central Committee, which includes:
  • The Central Discipline Inspection Commission, which is directly under the National Congress and on the same level with the Central Committee, charged with rooting out corruption and malfeasance among party cadres.

Other central organizations include: Jiang Zemin (left) and Hu Jintao (right) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Jiang Zemin (left) and Hu Jintao (right) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Jiāng Zémín (Traditional Chinese: 江澤民, Simplified Chinese: 江泽民, Hanyu Pinyin: Jiāng Zémín, Wade-Giles: Chiang Tse-min, Cantonese (Jyutping): gong1 zaak6 man4) (born August 17, 1926) was the core of the third generation of Communist Party of China leaders, serving as General Secretary of the Communist... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Hu Hu Jintao (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born December 21, 1942) is currently the Paramount Leader of the Peoples Republic of China, holding the titles of General Secretary of the Communist Party of China since 2002, President of the... Download high resolution version (1050x742, 189 KB)courtesy of http://www. ... Download high resolution version (1050x742, 189 KB)courtesy of http://www. ... Peoples Liberation Army redirects here. ... The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (Chinese: 中国共产党中央委员会; pinyin: Zhōngguó GòngchÇŽndÇŽng Zhōngyāng WÄ›iyuánhuì) is the highest authority within the Communist Party of China between Party Congresses. ... The Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China (Chinese: 中国共产党中央政治局常务委员会 pinyin: Zhōngguó GòngchÇŽndÇŽng Zhōngyāng Zhèngzhìjú Chángwù WÄ›iyuánhuì) is a committee whose membership varies between 5 and 9 and includes the top leadership of the Communist Party of China. ... The Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China (Chinese: 中国共产党中央政治局常务委员会 pinyin: Zhōngguó GòngchÇŽndÇŽng Zhōngyāng Zhèngzhìjú Chángwù WÄ›iyuánhuì) is a committee whose membership varies between 5 and 9 and includes the top leadership of the Communist Party of China. ... The Politburo of the Communist Party of China ( Chinese: 中国共产党中央政治局 pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Zhèngzhìjú) is a group of 19 to 25 people who oversee the Communist Party of China. ... The Politburo of the Communist Party of China ( Chinese: 中国共产党中央政治局 pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Zhèngzhìjú) is a group of 19 to 25 people who oversee the Communist Party of China. ... The Secretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee (Chinese: 中国共产党中央委员会书记处 pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Wěiyuánhuì Shūjìchù) is the permanent bureaucracy of the Communist Party of China and forms a parallel structure to state organizations in the Peoples Republic of China. ... The General Secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee (Chinese: 中国共产党中央委员会总书记 pinyin: Zhōngguó GòngchÇŽndÇŽng Zhōngyāng WÄ›iyuánhuì ZÇ’ngshÅ«jì) is the highest ranking official within the Communist Party of China and heads the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China. ... The Central Military Commission (Chinese: 中央军事委员会 pinyin: Zhōngyāng Jūnshì Wěiyuánhuì ) refers to one of two bodies within the Peoples Republic of China. ...

  • General Office;
  • Central Organization Department;
  • Propaganda Department;
  • International Liaison Department; and
  • United Front Department

In addition, there are numerous commissions and leading groups, the most important of which are: The Organization Department of the Communist Party of China Central Committee (Chinese: 中国共产党中央组织部) is a department of the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee which is responsible for staffing positions within the CCP. Because the Peoples Republic of China is effectively a one party state, the organization... The United Front in the Peoples Republic of China is a popular front led by the Communist Party of China. ...

  • Central Political and Legislative Affairs Committee
  • Work Committee for Organs under the Central Committee
  • Work Committee for Central Government Organs
  • Central Financial and Economic Leading Group
  • Central Leading Group for Rural Work
  • Central Leading Group for Party Building
  • Central Foreign Affairs Leading Group
  • Central Taiwan Affairs Leading Group
  • Commission for Protection of Party Secrets
  • Leading Group for State Security
  • Party History Research Centre
  • Party Research Center
  • Central Party School

Every five years, the Communist Party of China holds a National Congress. The latest happened on October 15, 2007. Formally, the Congress serves two functions: to approve changes to the Party constitution and to elect a Central Committee, about 300 strong. The Central Committee in turn elects the Politburo. In practice, positions within the Central Committee and Politburo are determined before a Party Congress, and the main purpose of the Congress is to announce the party policies and vision for the direction of China in the following few years. The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (Chinese: 中国共产党中央委员会; pinyin: Zhōngguó GòngchÇŽndÇŽng Zhōngyāng WÄ›iyuánhuì) is the highest authority within the Communist Party of China between Party Congresses. ... The Politburo of the Communist Party of China ( Chinese: 中国共产党中央政治局 pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Zhèngzhìjú) is a group of 19 to 25 people who oversee the Communist Party of China. ...


The party's central focus of power is the Politburo Standing Committee. The process for selecting Standing Committee members, as well as Politburo members, occurs behind the scenes in a process parallel to the National Congress. The new power structure is announced obliquely through the positioning of portraits in the People's Daily, the official newspaper of the Party. The number of Standing Committee members varies and has tended to increase over time. The Committee was expanded to nine at the 16th Party National Congress in 2002. The Peoples Daily (Chinese: 人民日报 Pinyin ) is the official newspaper of the Communist Party of China, published worldwide with a circulation of 3 to 4 million. ...


There are two other key organs of political power in the People's Republic of China: the formal government and the People's Liberation Army. Peoples Liberation Army redirects here. ...


There are, in addition to decision-making roles, advisory committees, including the People's Political Consultative Conference. During the 1980s and 1990s there was a Central Advisory Commission established by Deng Xiaoping which consisted of senior retired leaders, but with their passing this has been abolished. The Chinese Peoples Political Consultative Conference (中国人民政治协商会议 Pinyin: Zhongguo renmin zhengzhi xieshang huiyi), abbreviated CPPCC, is an advisory body in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Central Advisory Commission (中央顾问委员会 zhong1 yang1 gu4 wen4 wei3 yuan2 hui3) (CAC) of Peoples Republic of China provided political assistance and consultation to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (中央委员会). ... Deng Xiaoping   (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Teng Hsiao-ping; August 22, 1904 – February 19, 1997) was a prominent Chinese politician and reformer, and the late leader of the Communist Party of China (CCP). ...


Internal or external groupings

Political scientists have identified two groupings within the Communist Party[5] leading to a structure which has been called "one party, two factions".[6] The first is the "elitist coalition" or Shanghai clique which contains mainly officials who have risen from the more prosperous provinces. The second is the "populist coalition" or "Youth League faction" which consists mainly of officials who have risen from the rural interior, through the Communist Youth League. The interaction between these two factions is largely complementary with each faction possessing a particular expertise and both committed to the continued rule of the Communist Party and not allowing intra-party factional politics threaten party unity. It has been noted that party and government positions have been assigned to create a very careful balance between these two groupings. The Shanghai clique is an informal name for officials in Chinese Communist Party especially central government of the Peoples Republic of China or CCP centre who rose to prominence in the Shanghai city administration under Jiang Zemin or used to be subordinates of Jiang. ... The Communist Youth League of China (中国共产主义青年团; abbr. ...


Within his "one party, two factions" model, Li Chen has noted that one should avoid labeling these two groupings with simplistic ideological labels, and that these two groupings do not act in a zero-sum, winner take all fashion. Neither group has the ability or will to dominate the other completely.[7]


History

As Revolutionary Party

Marxist ideas started to spread widely in China after the May Fourth Movement. The Communist Party of China was really initially founded by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao in the French concession of Shanghai in 1921 as a study society and an informal network. There were informal groups in China in 1920, and also overseas, but the official beginning was the 1st Congress held in Shanghai and attended by 13 men in July 1921, when the formal and unified name Communist Party of China was adopted and all other names of communist groups were dropped. Mao Zedong was present as one of two delegates from a Hunan communist group, which had maybe 10 members out of 53 for all China. Other 12 members attended included Zhang Guotao, Dong Biwu, Li Hanjun, Li Da, Chen Tanqiu, Liu Renjing, Zhou Fohai, He Shuheng, Deng Enming, Chen Gongbo, Bao Huiseng (represented by Chen Duxiu sheltering in Canton at that time) and two representatives from the Comintern, one of them being Henk Sneevliet. Marxism is both the theory and the political practice (that is, the praxis) derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. ... Students in Beijing rallied during the May Fourth Movement. ... Chen Duxiu (October 8, 1879 – May 27, 1942) played many different roles in Chinese history. ... Li Dazhao (李大釗, Wades-Giles: Li Ta-chao) (October 29, 1888 - April 28, 1927) was a Chinese intellectual who cofounded the Communist Party of China with Chen Duxiu in 1921. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Mao redirects here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Dong Biwu (Chinese: 董必武, Wade-Giles: Tung Pi-wu) (1886 - April 2, 1975) was a Chinese communist political leader during the regime of Mao Zedong. ... Zhou Fohai (1897-1948, 周佛海), Chinese politician, and second in command of Wang Jingweis collaborationist Nanjing Nationalist Government Executive Yuan. ... Chen Gongbo (1892-1946) Chinese politician, was the Head of the Legislative Yuan of the Wang Jingweis puppet state, the Nanjing Nationalist Government. ... Chen Duxiu (October 8, 1879 – May 27, 1942) played many different roles in Chinese history. ... The Comintern (Russian: Коммунистический Интернационал, Kommunisticheskiy Internatsional – Communist International, also known as the Third International) was an international Communist organization founded in March 1919, in the midst of the war communism period (1918-1921), by Vladimir Lenin and the Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik), which intended to fight by all available means, including... Hendricus Josephus Franciscus Marie Sneevliet, known as Henk Sneevliet or the pseudonym Maring (May 13, 1883 - April 13, 1942), was a Dutch Communist, who was active in both the Netherlands and the Dutch East-Indies. ...

Flag of the Chinese Soviet Republic, or Jiangxi Soviet, which existed from 1931 to 1934 in Jiangxi Province.
Flag of the Chinese Soviet Republic, or Jiangxi Soviet, which existed from 1931 to 1934 in Jiangxi Province.

Under the guidance of the Soviet Union, the party was reorganized along Leninist lines in 1923, while party members were encouraged to join the Kuomintang(KMT) as individual members in preparation for the Northern Expedition – a policy recommended by the Dutch communist Henk Sneevliet, then Comintern representative in China (see Henk Sneevliet). Image File history File links Chinese_soviet_flag. ... Image File history File links Chinese_soviet_flag. ... Flag of the Chinese Soviet Republic (1931-1934). ... Vladimir Lenin in 1920 Leninism is a political and economic theory which builds upon Marxism; it is a branch of Marxism (and it has been the dominant branch of Marxism in the world since the 1920s). ... The Kuomintang of China (abbreviation KMT) [1], also often translated as the Chinese Nationalist Party, is a political party in the Republic of China (ROC), now on Taiwan, and is currently the largest political party in terms of seats in the Legislative Yuan, and the oldest political party in the... The Dutch (Ethnonym: Nederlanders meaning Lowlanders) are the dominant ethnic group[1] of the Netherlands[2]. They are usually seen as a Germanic people. ... Hendricus Josephus Franciscus Marie Sneevliet, known as Henk Sneevliet or the pseudonym Maring (May 13, 1883 - April 13, 1942), was a Dutch Communist, who was active in both the Netherlands and the Dutch East-Indies. ... Hendricus Josephus Franciscus Marie Sneevliet, known as Henk Sneevliet or the pseudonym Maring (May 13, 1883 - April 13, 1942), was a Dutch Communist, who was active in both the Netherlands and the Dutch East-Indies. ...


The party was small at first, but grew intermittently through the first Chinese Revolution of 1925–27 by Kuomintang and CPC. Even during that revolution, which was far before the rapid growth of the 1940s and 1950s, the party was the largest communist party in the world, larger even than the CPSU. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union ( Russian: Коммунисти́ческая Па́ртия Сове́тского Сою́за = КПСС) was the name used by the successors of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party from 1952 to 1991, but the wording Communist Party was present in the partys name since 1918 when...


In 1927, just before final success of the revolution CPC and Kuomingtang were split, and the CPC was massacred with more than four in five members being killed. The only major section of the party which survived was the section built around Mao Zedong, which established Soviet Republic of China in some remote areas within China through peasant riots. After a number of military campaigns from KMT army, the CPC had to give up their bases and started Long March (1934-1935) to search a new base. During Long March, the party leadership re-examine its policy and blamed their failure to the CPC military leader Otto Braun, a German sent by Comintern. After they resettled in Yan’an, the native Communists, such as Mao Zedong and Zhu De raised into power, and CPC became less dependent of the Comintern and Soviet Union. The Western world first got a clear view of the Communist Party of China through Edgar Snow's Red Star Over China. Mao redirects here. ... The Jiangxi Soviet, formally called the Chinese Soviet Republic (中华苏维埃共和国 Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Sūwéiāi Gònghēguó), also translated as the Soviet Republic of China or the China Soviet Republic, existed from 1931 to 1934. ... Combatants Nationalist Party of China and allied warlords Communist Party of China Commanders Chiang Kai-shek various, eventually Mao Zedong Strength over 300,000 First Front Red Army: 86,000 (October 1934) 7,000 (October 1935) The Long March (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) was a massive military retreat undertaken... Otto Braun to the left, 1932 Otto Braun (28 January 1872 - 14 December 1955) was a German Social Democratic politician, who was Prime Minister of Prussia. ... The Comintern (Russian: Коммунистический Интернационал, Kommunisticheskiy Internatsional – Communist International, also known as the Third International) was an international Communist organization founded in March 1919, in the midst of the war communism period (1918-1921), by Vladimir Lenin and the Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik), which intended to fight by all available means, including... Mao redirects here. ... Zhu De ZhÅ« Dé (朱德, Wade-Giles: Chu Teh, zi: YùjiÄ“ 玉阶) (December 1, 1886 – July 6, 1976) was a Chinese Communist military leader and statesman. ... The Comintern (Russian: Коммунистический Интернационал, Kommunisticheskiy Internatsional – Communist International, also known as the Third International) was an international Communist organization founded in March 1919, in the midst of the war communism period (1918-1921), by Vladimir Lenin and the Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik), which intended to fight by all available means, including...


During the Second Sino-Japanese war(1937-1945), the CPC and KMT were temporarily in alliance to fight their common enemy. The Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army became army group belonging to the national army, and the Soviet Republic of China changed into a special administration region. However, essentially the army and the region controlled by CPC remained independent from the KMT’s government. In eight years, the CPC controlled armed forces grew from ten thousand to one million. Combatants China  United States1 Soviet Union2  Empire of Japan Collaborationist Chinese Army3 Commanders Chiang Kai-shek, Chen Cheng, Yan Xishan, Feng Yuxiang, Li Zongren, Xue Yue, Bai Chongxi, Peng Dehuai, Joseph Stilwell, Claire Chennault, Aleksandr Vasilevsky Hirohito, Fumimaro Konoe, Hideki Tojo, Kotohito Kanin, Matsui Iwane, Hajime Sugiyama, Shunroku Hata... The Jiangxi Soviet, formally called the Chinese Soviet Republic (中华苏维埃共和国 Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Sūwéiāi Gònghēguó), also translated as the Soviet Republic of China or the China Soviet Republic, existed from 1931 to 1934. ...


After 1945, the civil war resumed and despite initial gains by the Kuomintang, it was defeated and forced to flee to off-shore islands, the biggest among which is Taiwan. The Kuomintang's defeat marked the onset of the Chinese Revolution whence Mao Zedong proclaimed the People's Republic of China in Beijing on October 1, 1949.


Almost all agree that without Japanese invasion, it would have been unlikely for the CPC to win over China. However, those against CPC attribute to CPC developing its force by the chance when KMT government fighting with Japanese, while those favor CPC claim that CPC gained reputation by effectively fighting Japan through its guerrilla war, thus attracted people to joint it. Neutral persons combine these two factors.


As Ruling Party

The Communist Party of China has been penetrated by those it sought to defeat, originally a party based around the Marxist-Leninism principles it has evolved into a Stalinist/Nationalist organization. The CPC is now condemned by many if not all Socialist movement around the world for its deviation from Socialism. The CPC has been criticized specifically by Marxists, Leninists and Trotskyists.The CPC's ideologies have significantly evolved since its founding. Mao's revolution that founded the PRC was nominally based on Marxism-Leninism with a rural focus based on China's social situations at the time. During the 1960s and 1970s, the CCP experienced a significant ideological breakdown with the Communist Party of the Soviet Union under Nikita Khrushchev and their allies. Since then Mao's peasant revolutionary vision and so-called "continued revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat" stipulated that class enemies continued to exist even though the socialist revolution seemed to be complete, giving way to the disastrous Cultural Revolution. This fusion of ideas became known officially as "Mao Zedong Thought", or Maoism outside of China. It represented a powerful branch of communism that existed in opposition to the Soviet Union's "Marxist revisionism". Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 519 pixelsFull resolution‎ (929 × 603 pixels, file size: 53 KB, MIME type: image/gif) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Vladimir Lenin in 1920 Leninism is a political and economic theory which builds upon Marxism; it is a branch of Marxism (and it has been the dominant branch of Marxism in the world since the 1920s). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... In the communist or Marxist-Leninist movement, an anti-revisionist is one who favors a strict Stalinist or Maoist interpretation of Marxist-Leninist ideology. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Three Worlds theory is a theory developed by Mao Zedong that suggests that the world is politically and economically divided into three world. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Social-imperialism is imperialism with a socialist/communist face. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Mass Line is the political/organizational/leadership method developed by Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communist Party (CPC) during the Chinese revolution. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Peoples war (also called protracted peoples war) is a military-political strategy invented by Mao Zedong. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For different uses of the term, including political parties with the name New Democracy, see New Democracy (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Mao redirects here. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Prachanda (NepālÄ«: प्रचण्ड pracaṇḍa, born Pushpa Kamal Dahal on December 11, 1954) is the leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Robert Bruce Bob Avakian (b. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Zhang Chunqiao (Simplified Chinese: 张春桥; Traditional Chinese: 張春橋; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chang Chun-chiao) (1917–April 21, 2005) was a member of the Gang of Four. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... José María Sison (born February 8, 1939 in Cabugao, Ilocos Sur, Philippines) is a writer and activist who reorganized the Communist Party of the Philippines by combining elements of Maoism. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Guzmán as a prisoner Manuel Rubén Abimael Guzmán Reynoso, also known by his nom de guerre Presidente Gonzalo (English: President Gonzalo), a former professor of philosophy, was the leader of the Maoist insurgency often referred coloquially to as Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso in Spanish). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Charu Majumdar Charu Majumdar(Bangla: চারু মজুমদার) (1918-1972) was an Indian Maoist revolutionary born in 1918 in Siliguri, West Bengal. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Madame Mao This is a Chinese name; the family name is Jiang Jiang Qing (Chinese: ), real name Lǐ ShÅ«méng, known under various other names, including the stage name Lan Ping (Chinese: 蓝苹), and commonly referred to as Madame Mao, (March 1914 – May 14, 1991), was the fourth wife of... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Ibrahim Kaypakkaya was a leader of the Turkish communist movement. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Pierre Mulele (August 11, 1929 - October 3 [or October 9, depending on the source], 1968) was a Congolese revolutionary who was briefly minister of education in Patrice Lumumbas cabinet. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations, a grouping of parties and organizations adhering to Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong Thought. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Revolutionary Internationalist Movement is an international Communist organization which upholds Marxism-Leninism-Maoism. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Marxist-Leninist Party of Germany (Marxistisch-Leninistische Partei Deutschlands, MLPD) is a political party in Germany without parliamentary representation. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Communist Party of India (Maoist) is an underground Maoist political party in India. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Communist Party of Peru (Spanish: Partido Comunista del Perú), more commonly known as the Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso), is a Maoist guerrilla organization in Peru that launched the internal conflict in Peru in 1980. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The New Peoples Army, or NPA, is a communist-based revolutionary group in the Philippines, formed in December 1969. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... PCTP/MRPP symbol The Communist Party of the Portuguese Workers / Reorganizative Movement of the Party of the Proletariat (Portuguese: Partido Comunista dos Trabalhadores Portugueses / Movimento Reorganizativo do Partido do Proletariado or PCTP/MRPP [1]) is a Maoist political party in Portugal founded in 1970. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung is also the title of a play by Edward Albee. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Naxalite or Naxalism is an informal name given to radical, often violent, revolutionary communist groups that were born out of the Sino-Soviet split in the Indian communist movement. ... Vladimir Lenin in 1920 Leninism is a political and economic theory which builds upon Marxism; it is a branch of Marxism (and it has been the dominant branch of Marxism in the world since the 1920s). ... The Sino-Soviet split was a major diplomatic conflict between the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), beginning in the late 1950s, reaching a peak in 1969 and continuing in various ways until the late 1980s. ... The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Russian: Коммунисти́ческая Па́ртия Сове́тского Сою́за, transliterated Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Sovetskogo Soyuza, acronym: КПСС (KPSS)) was the ruling political party in the Soviet Union. ... Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (Russian: , Nikita Sergeevič Chruščiov; IPA: , in English, , or , occasionally ); surname more accurately romanized as Khrushchyov[1]; April 17 [O.S. April 5] 1894[2]–September 11, 1971) was the chief director of the Soviet Union after the death of Joseph Stalin. ... This article is about the Peoples Republic of China. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Chinese poster from the first stage of the Cultural Revolution, reading: Down with the Soviet revisionists in large print, and Crush the dog head of Leonid Brezhnev and Alexey Kosygin at the bottom, 1967 The term revisionism is also used to refer to other concepts. ...


Following the death of Mao Zedong in 1976, however, the CCP under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping moved towards Socialism with Chinese characteristics and instituted Chinese economic reform. In reversing some of Mao's "extreme-leftist" policies, Deng argued that a socialist country and the market economy model were not mutually exclusive. While asserting the political power of the Party itself, the change in policy generated significant economic growth. The ideology itself, however, came into clash on both sides of the spectrum with Maoists as well as progressive liberals, culminating with other social factors to cause the 1989 Tiananmen Square Protests. Deng's vision for economic success and a new socialist market model became entrenched in the Party constitution in 1997 as Deng Xiaoping Theory. Mao redirects here. ... Deng Xiaoping   (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Teng Hsiao-ping; August 22, 1904 – February 19, 1997) was a prominent Chinese politician and reformer, and the late leader of the Communist Party of China (CCP). ... This article is about the term itself and its relationships. ... Economic reforms have triggered internal migrations within China. ... A market economy (also called a free market economy or a free enterprise economy) is an economic system in which the production and distribution of goods and services take place through the mechanism of free markets (though completley useless to some dumbasses) guided by a free price system. ... The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, also known as the Tiananmen Square Massacre and the June 4th Incident, or colloquially, Six-four (Chinese: ) by the Chinese public, and as the Political Turmoil between Spring and Summer of 1989 by the government of the Peoples Republic of China, were a... Deng Xiaoping Theory (邓小平理论) is the series of political and economic ideologies first developed by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping. ...


The "third generation" of leadership under Jiang Zemin, Zhu Rongji, and associates largely continued Deng's progressive economic vision while overseeing the re-emergence of Chinese nationalism in the 1990s. Nationalist sentiment has seemingly also evolved to become informally the part of the Party's guiding doctrine. As part of Jiang's nominal legacy, the CPC ratified the Three Represents into the 2003 revision of the Party Constitution as a "guiding ideology", encouraging the Party to represent "advanced productive forces, the progressive course of China's culture, and the fundamental interests of the people." There are various interpretations of the Three Represents. Most notably, the theory has legitimized the entry of private business owners and quasi-"bourgeoisie" elements into the party. Jiāng Zémín (Traditional Chinese: 江澤民, Simplified Chinese: 江泽民, Hanyu Pinyin: Jiāng Zémín, Wade-Giles: Chiang Tse-min, Cantonese (Jyutping): gong1 zaak6 man4) (born August 17, 1926) was the core of the third generation of Communist Party of China leaders, serving as General Secretary of the Communist... Zhū Róngjī (born October 1, 1928, Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ) is a prominent Chinese politician who served as the Mayor and Party chief in Shanghai between 1987 and 1991, before serving as Vice-Premier and then Premier of the Peoples Republic of China from March 1998 to March... The May Fourth Movement in 1919 marked a turning point in the history of Chinese nationalism. ... The Three Represents (Simplified Chinese: 三个代表; Traditional Chinese: 三個代表; pinyin: sān gè dài biǎo) is a policy developed by Jiang Zemin for the Communist Party of China. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The insistent road of focusing almost exclusively on economic growth has led to a wide range of serious social problems. The CPC's "fourth generation" of leadership under Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao, after taking power in 2003, attempted reversing such a trend by bringing forth an integrated ideology that tackled both social and economic concerns. This new ideology was known as the creation of a Harmonious Society using the Scientific Development Concept. Social issues in the Peoples Republic of China in the 21st century are varied. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Hu Hu Jintao (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born December 21, 1942) is currently the Paramount Leader of the Peoples Republic of China, holding the titles of General Secretary of the Communist Party of China since 2002, President of the... Wen Jiabao (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Wen Chia-pao) (born September 1942) is the Premier of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Harmonius Society (和谐社会) is a concept raised by the Chinese government (Hu-Wen Administration) during the 10th Annual meeting of the Chinese National Peoples Congress in March of 2005. ... The Scientific Development Concept (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: , Pinyin: Kēxué Fāzhǎn Guān) is the current official guiding socio-economic ideology of the Communist Party of China. ...


The degree of power the Party had on the state has gradually decreased as economic liberalizations progressed. The evolution of CCP ideology has gone through a number of defining changes that it no longer bears much resemblance to its founding principles. The CCP's current policies are fiercely rejected as capitalist by most communists, especially anti-revisionists, and by adherents of the Chinese New Left from within the PRC. In economics, a capitalist is someone who owns capital, presumably within the economic system of capitalism. ... In the Marxist-Leninist movement, an anti-revisionist is one who favors the line of theory and practice associated with Marx-Engels-Lenin-Stalin-Mao, usually stated in this way so as to show direct opposition to the Marx-Engels-Lenin-Trotsky path of Trotskyism. ... New Leftism in the Peoples Republic of China is an ideological tendency in opposition to capitalism that first arose during the mid-1990s. ...


The Communist Party of China comprises a single-party state form of government; although, there are parties other than the CCP within China, all of these report to the United Front Department of the Communist Party of China and do not act as opposition or independent parties. Since the 1980s, as its commitment to Marxist ideology has appeared to wane, the party has begun to increasingly invoke Chinese nationalism as a legitimizing principle olol as opposed to the socialist construction for which the party was originally created. The change from socialism to nationalism has pleased the CCP's former enemy, the Kuomintang (KMT), which has warmed its relations with the CCP since 2003.[8] States in which the constitution mandates power to a sole party are colored brown. ... The United Front in the Peoples Republic of China is a popular front led by the Communist Party of China. ... Marxism is both the theory and the political practice (that is, the praxis) derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. ... The May Fourth Movement in 1919 marked a turning point in the history of Chinese nationalism. ... Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ... Religious socialism Key Issues People and organizations Related subjects Socialism refers to a broad array of ideologies and political movements with the goal of a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to control by the community. ... Eugène Delacroixs Liberty Leading the People, symbolising French nationalism during the July Revolution 1830. ... The Kuomintang of China (abbreviation KMT) [1], also often translated as the Chinese Nationalist Party, is a political party in the Republic of China (ROC), now on Taiwan, and is currently the largest political party in terms of seats in the Legislative Yuan, and the oldest political party in the...


Viewpoints: criticism and support

There are a variety of opinions about the Communist Party of China, and opinions about the CPC often create unexpected political alliances and divisions. For example, many chief executive officers of Western companies tend to have favorable impressions of the CPC,[citation needed] while many revolutionary Maoists and other Marxists have strongly negative opinions. Trotskyists argue that the party was doomed to its present character, that of petty-bourgeois nationalism, because of the near-annihilation of the workers' movement in the KMT betrayal of 1927, which was made possible by Stalin's order that the Communists disarm and surrender. This slaughter forced the tiny surviving Party to switch from a workers' union- to peasant guerrilla-based organization, and seek aid of the most heterodox sources, from "patriotic capitalists" to the dreaded KMT itself, with which it openly sought a coalition government even into early 1949. Chinese Trotskyists from Chen Duxiu onward have called for a political revolution against what they see as an opportunist, capitalist leadership of the CPC. Opinions about the CPC also create very strong divisions among groups normally ideologically united such as conservatives in the United States. Chief Executive redirects here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Marxism is both the theory and the political practice (that is, the praxis) derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. ... Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. ... Josef Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili (Georgian: , Ioseb Besarionis Dze Jughashvili; Russian: , Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili) (December 18 [O.S. December 6] 1878[1] – March 5, 1953), better known by his adopted name, Joseph Stalin (alternatively transliterated Josef Stalin), was General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Unions Central Committee from... Chen Duxiu (October 8, 1879 – May 27, 1942) played many different roles in Chinese history. ... A political revolution, in the Trotskyist theory, is an upheaval in which the government is replaced, or the form of government altered, but in which property relations are predominantly left intact. ... Conservatism in the United States comprises a constellation of political ideologies including fiscal conservatism, free market or economic liberalism, social conservatism,[1] bioconservatism and religious conservatism,[2][3] as well as support for a strong military,[4] small government and promotion of states rights. ...


Many of the unexpected opinions about the CPC result from its rare combination of attributes as a party formally based on Marxism which has overseen a dynamic market economy, yet maintains an authoritarian political system. Marxism is both the theory and the political practice (that is, the praxis) derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. ... A market economy (also called a free market economy or a free enterprise economy) is an economic system in which the production and distribution of goods and services take place through the mechanism of free markets (though completley useless to some dumbasses) guided by a free price system. ...


Supporters of the International Tibet Independence Movement, the Republic of China (Taiwan), Falun Gong, a spiritual group, Taiwan independence, neoconservatives in the United States and Japan, international human rights groups, proponents of civil liberties and freedom of expression, advocates of democracy, along with many democratic and anti-authoritarian left-wing forces in those same countries, are among the groups which have opposed the CPC government because it is said to be a repressive single-party state regime. A Free Tibet logo, one of several that exist The International Tibet Independence Movement (ITIM) is a movement to establish historical Tibet, comprising the three traditional provinces of Amdo, Kham, and Ü-Tsang as an independent kingdom. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Falun Gong, (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; literally Practice of the Wheel of Law) also known as Falun Dafa, (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; lit. ... Taiwan independence (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: , Pe̍h-oē-jī: Tâi-oân To̍k-li̍p ūn-tōng; abbreviated to 台獨, Táidú, Tâi-to̍k) is a political movement whose goal is primarily to create an independent and sovereign Republic of Taiwan out of the... Neoconservatism is a somewhat controversial term referring to the political goals and ideology of the new conservatives (ultraconservative) in the United States. ... Democracy is a form of government under which the power to alter the laws and structures of government lies, ultimately, with the citizenry. ... Left wing redirects here. ... States in which the constitution mandates power to a sole party are colored brown. ...


In addition, the extremists within the American neoconservatives sometimes argue that the Communist Party of China is a grave threat to peace because of its authoritarian nature, its military build-up of offensive capabilities, and threats made to Taiwan.


Some of the opponents of the Party within the Chinese democracy movement have tended not to argue that a strong Chinese state is inherently bad, but rather that the Communist leadership is corrupt. The Chinese New Left, meanwhile, is a current within China that seeks to "revert China to the socialist road" – i.e., to return China to the days after Mao Zedong but before the reforms of Deng Xiaoping and his successors. The Chinese democracy movement (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: , abbreviated as Mínyùn 民运) is a loosely organized political movement in mainland China against continued one-party rule by the Communist Party of China. ... New Leftism in the Peoples Republic of China is an ideological tendency in opposition to capitalism that first arose during the mid-1990s. ... Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ... Mao redirects here. ... Deng Xiaoping   (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Teng Hsiao-ping; August 22, 1904 – February 19, 1997) was a prominent Chinese politician and reformer, and the late leader of the Communist Party of China (CCP). ...


Another school of thought argues that the worst of the abuses took place decades ago, and that the current leadership is not only unconnected with them, but were actually victims of that era. They have also argued that while the modern Communist Party may be flawed, it is comparatively better than previous regimes, with respect to improving the general standard of living, than any other government that has governed China in the past century and can be put in more favorable light against most governments of the developing nations. However, farmers and other rural people have been marginalized, and their standard of living and national influence have been greatly reduced,[citation needed] as a result, the CPC has recently taken sweeping measures to regain support from the countryside, to limited success. A developing country is a country with low average income compared to the world average. ...


In addition, some scholars contend that China has never operated under a decentralized democratic regime in its several thousand years of history, and therefore it can be argued that the structure present, albeit not up to western moral standards, is the best possible option when compared to its alternatives. A sudden transition to democracy, they contend, would result in the economic and political upheaval that occurred in the Soviet Union in the 1990s, and that by focusing on economic growth, China is setting the stage for a more gradual but more sustainable transition to a more liberal system. This group sees Mainland China as being similar to Spain in the 1960s, and South Korea and Taiwan during the 1970s.


As with the first group, this school of thought brings together some unlikely political allies. Not only do most intellectuals within the Chinese government follow this school of thinking, but it is also the common belief held amongst pro-free trade liberals in the West. Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. ...


Many observers from both within and out of China have noted the CCP's gradual but sure movement towards democracy and transparency, hence arguing that it is best to give it time and room to evolve into a better government rather than forcing an abrupt change.


Many current party officials are the sons and daughters of prominent Party officials. These young, powerful individuals are referred to as the "Crown Prince Party", or "Princelings", and their rise to power has been criticized as a form of nepotism or cronyism. Crown Prince Party (太子党 Pinyin: Tàizǐ Dǎng), or The Princelings, are the descendants (usually in the second-generation) of prominent and influential senior communists of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Look up nepotism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Gay bashing Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity Counter-discriminatory Affirmative action Racial...


Current leadership

The Members of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China are: The Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China (Chinese: 中国共产党中央政治局常务委员会 pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Zhèngzhìjú Chángwù Wěiyuánhuì) is a committee whose membership varies between 5 and 9 and includes the top leadership of the Communist Party of China. ...

  1. Hu Jintao: President of the People's Republic of China, General Secretary of the CPC, Chairman of the Central Military Commission.
  2. Wu Bangguo: Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
  3. Wen Jiabao: Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
  4. Jia Qinglin: Chairman of the People's Political Consultative Conference
  5. Li Changchun: "Propaganda Chief"
  6. Xi Jinping: Vice President of the People's Republic of China, top-ranked member of CPC Secretariat
  7. Li Keqiang: Executive Vice Premier
  8. He Guoqiang: Head of Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
  9. Zhou Yongkang: Head of Political and Legislative Affairs Committee

Members of the Politburo of the CPC Central committee: This is a Chinese name; the family name is Hu Hu Jintao (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born December 21, 1942) is currently the Paramount Leader of the Peoples Republic of China, holding the titles of General Secretary of the Communist Party of China since 2002, President of the... The President of the Peoples Republic of China (Simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国主席; Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó ZhÇ”xí, or abbreviated Guójiā ZhÇ”xí 国家主席) is the head of state of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (Chinese: 中国共产党中央委员会总书记 pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Wěiyuánhuì Zǒngshūjì) is the highest ranking official within the Communist Party of China and heads the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China. ... The Central Military Commission (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) refers to one of two bodies within the Peoples Republic of China, either to the Central Military Commission of the Peoples Republic of China, a state organ, or the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party, a party organ. ... Wu Bangguo Wu Bangguo (Traditional Chinese:吳邦國 , Simplified Chinese: 吴邦国, Hanyu Pinyin: Wú Bāngguó) (born July 1941) is a Chinese politician. ... The Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress (NPCSC; Chinese: 全国人民代表大会常务委员会, pinyin: Quánguó Rénmín DàibiÇŽo Dàhuì Chángwù WÄ›iyuánhuì) is a committee of about 150 members of the National Peoples Congress (NPC) of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), which... Wen Jiabao (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Wen Chia-pao) (born September 1942) is the Premier of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Premier ( Chinese: 总理 pinyin: zŏnglĭ), sometimes referred to as the Prime Minister, is the Chairman of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China and head of Central Peoples Government. ... The State Council (国务院, pinyin: Guówùyuàn), which is largely synonymous with the Central Peoples Government (中央人民政府), is the chief administrative authority of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Jia Qinglin (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: JiÇŽ Qìnglín) (born March 1940, Botou, Hebei Province) is the fourth ranking member of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China, and the Chairman of the Peoples Political Consultative Conference. ... The Chinese Peoples Political Consultative Conference (中国人民政治协商会议 Pinyin: Zhongguo renmin zhengzhi xieshang huiyi), abbreviated CPPCC, is an advisory body in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Li Changchun Li Changchun (李長春) (born February 1944) is considered to be the propaganda chief of the Communist Party of China. ... Xi Jinping Xi Jinping, Member of 16th CPC Central Committee, Secretary of the CPC Zhejiang Provincial Committee, Chairman of the Standing Committee of Zhejiang Provincial Peoples Congress Born: 1953, Shaanxi Province, Fuping Xi Jinping, male, Han nationality, is a native of Fuping, Shaanxi Province. ... The Vice President of the Peoples Republic of China is a senior position in the government of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Secretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee (Chinese: 中国共产党中央委员会书记处 pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Wěiyuánhuì Shūjìchù) is the permanent bureaucracy of the Communist Party of China and forms a parallel structure to state organizations in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Li Keqiang (李克强, Born July 1955) is currently the Communist Party of China Liaoning Province committee secretary in the Peoples Republic of China, an office that makes him first-in-charge in that province. ... He Guoqiang (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: , Pinyin: Hè Guóqiáng; born 1943) is a high-ranking government official in the government of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Zhou Yongkang is the Minister of Public Security of the Peoples Republic of China and thus chief of the Ministry of Public Security and the counterpart of the Director of the US Federal Bureau of Investigation. ...


Wang Lequan, Wang Zhaoguo, Hui Liangyu, Liu Qi, Liu Yunshan, Li Changchun, Wu Yi, Wu Bangguo, Wu Guanzheng, Zhang Lichang, Zhang Dejiang, Luo Gan, Zhou Yongkang, Hu Jintao, Yu Zhengsheng, He Guoqiang, Jia Qinglin, Guo Boxiong, Cao Gangchuan, Zeng Qinghong, Zeng Peiyan, Wen Jiabao. Wang Lequan is the current secretary of the Communist Party of China of the Xinjiang Uyghur autonomous region. ... Hui Liangyu (born 1938) is the Vice Premier of China in charge of agriculture. ... Liu Qi (刘淇) (b. ... Liu Yanshan, (1947-), a leader in the Chinese Communist Party. ... Li Changchun Li Changchun (李長春) (born February 1944) is considered to be the propaganda chief of the Communist Party of China. ... Vice-premier Wu Yi Wú Yí (吴仪) (born 1938 in Wuhan, China) is one of four vice-premiers of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Wu Bangguo Wu Bangguo (Traditional Chinese:吳邦國 , Simplified Chinese: 吴邦国, Hanyu Pinyin: Wú Bāngguó) (born July 1941) is a Chinese politician. ... Wu Guanzheng (吳官正; pinyin: Wú Guānzhèng) (b. ... Zhang Dejiang (Simplified Chinese:张德江) is a prominent leader of the Communist Party of China, a member of its Politburo and current party chief and number-one figure in the province of Guangdong. ... Luo Gan (ç½—å¹²) (born July 1935) is a member of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China and Political and Legislative Affairs Committee secretary of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Zhou Yongkang is the Minister of Public Security of the Peoples Republic of China and thus chief of the Ministry of Public Security and the counterpart of the Director of the US Federal Bureau of Investigation. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Hu Hu Jintao (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born December 21, 1942) is currently the Paramount Leader of the Peoples Republic of China, holding the titles of General Secretary of the Communist Party of China since 2002, President of the... Yu Zhengsheng (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: born 1945) is the current CPC party chief in Shanghai, China, a post which makes him first-in-charge of Chinas largest city. ... He Guoqiang (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: , Pinyin: Hè Guóqiáng; born 1943) is a high-ranking government official in the government of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Jia Qinglin (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: JiÇŽ Qìnglín) (born March 1940, Botou, Hebei Province) is the fourth ranking member of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China, and the Chairman of the Peoples Political Consultative Conference. ... Cao Gangchuan (Traditional Chinese: 曹剛川, Simplified Chinese: 曹刚川, Hanyu Pinyin: Cáo Gāng Chuān), (born December 1935) is the defense minister of China. ... Zeng Qinghong (simplified Chinese: 曾庆红 Pinyin: ZÄ“ng Qìnghóng) (born July 1939) is a Chinese politician. ... Zeng Peiyan (born December 1938 in Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province) is a Chinese politician. ... Wen Jiabao (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Wen Chia-pao) (born September 1942) is the Premier of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Alternate member of the Politburo of the CPC Central Committee: Wang Gang


Members of Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee: Zeng Qinghong, Liu Yunshan, Zhou Yongkang, He Guoqiang, Wang Gang, Xu Caihou, He Yong. Liu Yanshan, (1947-), a leader in the Chinese Communist Party. ... Zhou Yongkang is the Minister of Public Security of the Peoples Republic of China and thus chief of the Ministry of Public Security and the counterpart of the Director of the US Federal Bureau of Investigation. ... Xu Caihou is one of three vice chairman of the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China and the Peoples Republic of China. ...


List of leaders of the Communist Party of China

Between 1921 and 1943 the Communist Party of China was headed by the General Secretary: This article lists the leaders of the Communist Party of China, from its beginning to the present: // Between 1921 and 1943 the Communist Party of China was headed by the General Secretary: Chen Duxiu, General Secretary 1921-1922 and 1925-1927 Qu Qiubai, General Secretary 1927-1928 Xiang Zhongfa, General... The General Secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee (Chinese: 中国共产党中央委员会总书记 pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Wěiyuánhuì Zǒngshūjì) is the highest ranking official within the Communist Party of China and heads the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China. ...

  • Chen Duxiu, General Secretary 1921–1922 and 1925–1927
  • Qu Qiubai, General Secretary 1927–1928
  • Xiang Zhongfa, General Secretary 1928–1931
  • Li Lisan, acting General Secretary 1929–1930
  • Wang Ming, acting General Secretary 1931
  • Bo Gu, a.k.a. Qin Bangxian, acting General Secretary 1932–1935
  • Zhang Wentian a.k.a. Luo Fu, acting General Secretary 1935–1943

In 1943 the position of Chairman of the Communist Party of China was created. Chen Duxiu (October 8, 1879 – May 27, 1942) played many different roles in Chinese history. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Lǐ Lìsān (李立三, Wade-Giles: Li Li-san) (March 1899 - June 22, 1967) was a Chinese communist leader in early stage, the actual paramount leader of the Chinese Communist Party from 1928 to 1930. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, etc. ... Qin Bangxian or Bo Gu (秦邦宪或博古) (1907-April 8, 1946) was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China from 1934-1935. ... Zhang Wentian 张闻天 (1900–July 1, 1976), also known as Luo Fu, was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) from 1935 to March 20, 1943. ... The Chairman of the Communist Party of China ( Chinese: 中国共产党主席 pinyin: Zhōngguo´ Go`ngchǎndǎng Zhǔxi´), was the most powerful position in the Communist Party of China until the death of Mao. ...

In 1982, the post of Chairman was abolished, and the General Secretary, at this time held by the same man as the post of Chairman, once again became the supreme office of the Party. Mao redirects here. ... Hua Guofeng (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hua Kuo-feng) (born February 16, 1921) was Mao Zedongs designated successor as the paramount leader of the Communist Party of China and the Peoples Republic of China. ... Hu Yaobang (Chinese: 胡耀邦 Pinyin: Hú Yàobāng, Wade-Giles: Hu Yao-pang) (November 20, 1915 – April 15, 1989) was a leader of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Hu Yaobang (Chinese: 胡耀邦 Pinyin: Hú Yàobāng, Wade-Giles: Hu Yao-pang) (November 20, 1915 – April 15, 1989) was a leader of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Zhao Ziyang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chao Tzu-yang) (October 17, 1919–January 17, 2005) was a politician in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Jiāng Zémín (Traditional Chinese: 江澤民, Simplified Chinese: 江泽民, Hanyu Pinyin: Jiāng Zémín, Wade-Giles: Chiang Tse-min, Cantonese (Jyutping): gong1 zaak6 man4) (born August 17, 1926) was the core of the third generation of Communist Party of China leaders, serving as General Secretary of the Communist... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Hu Hu Jintao (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born December 21, 1942) is currently the Paramount Leader of the Peoples Republic of China, holding the titles of General Secretary of the Communist Party of China since 2002, President of the...

See also

There are, at present, a number of communist parties active in various countries across the world, and a number who used to be active. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Lesotho (Mokhatio oa Makomonisi a Lesotho) was a political party in Lesotho, founded on May 5, 1962. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Americas Asia Europe Middle East Related subjects Party of the Independence Congress of Madagascar (in French: Parti du Congrès de lindépendence de Madagascar, in Malagasy: Antokony Kongresiny Fahaleovantenani Madagasikara), a political party in Madagascar. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Party of Independence and Labour (Parti de lIndépendence et du Travail) is a communist political party in Senegal. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... SACP symbol South African Communist Party (SACP) is a political party in South Africa. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Argentina (Spanish: Partido Comunista de la Argentina) is a communist party from Argentina. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Gay Party of Bolivia (in Spanish: Partido Comunista de Bolivia) is a small communist party in Bolivia. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Brazil (Partido Comunista do Brasil), better known by its abbreviation PCdoB, is a political party in Brazil. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Brazilian Communist Party (in Portuguese, Partido Comunista Brasileiro) is a political party in Brazil. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Canada is a communist political party in Canada. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Chile YOU MOTHERFUCKING COMMUNISTS GO TO HELL! (Spanish: Partido Comunista de Chile) is a Chilean political party that advocates communism. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Colombian Communist Party is the legal Communist party of Colombia. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Cuba (Spanish: Partido Comunista de Cuba, PCC) is the ruling party of Cuba. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... JCE graffiti in Cuenca Communist Party of Ecuador (in Spanish: Partido Comunista del Ecuador) is a political party in Ecuador. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Party of Mexican Communists is a political party in Mexico. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Popular Socialist Party (Spanish: Partido Popular Socialista, PPS) is a left-wing political party in Mexico. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... PPSM symbol Popular Socialist Party of Mexico (Spanish: Partido Popular Socialista de México, PPSM) is a Communist Party in Mexico, formed in 1997 after a split from the Popular Socialist Party (PPS). ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Peoples Party of Panama (Partido del Pueblo de Panamá), a communist party in Panama. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Paraguayan Communist Party (in Spanish: Partido Comunista Paraguayo) a communist political party in Paraguay. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Peruvian Communist Party (in Spanish: Partido Comunista Peruano), a communist party in Peru. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Judicial System Supreme Court of the Republic Superior Courts of Justice Courts of First Instance Courts of Peace Elections Presidential elections National elections Peruvian Constituent Assembly elections, 1978 Political Parties A.P.R.A. Union for Peru List of political parties in Peru Region & Local government Regional Governments Governors Provincial... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Uruguay (Partido Comunista del Uruguay) is a political party in Uruguay. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) is a Marxist-Leninist political party in the United States. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... PCV logo Communist Party of Venezuela (in Spanish: Partido Comunista de Venezuela) a communist political party in Venezuela. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Poster of the CPB commemorating the 50th anniversary of its foundation (as part of the Communist Party of Pakistan The Communist Party of Bangladesh is a Communist party in Bangladesh. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... CPB flag from 1939 to 1946 CPB flag from 1946-1969 The Communist Party of Burma (ဗမာပ္ရည္‌က္ဝန္‌မ္ရုနစ္‌ဘတီ (ba. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of India (CPI) is a political party in India. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of India (Marxist) (abbreviated CPI(M) or CPM) is a political party in India. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Japanese Communist Party or Japan Communist Party (JCP) (in Japanese 日本共産党, Nihon Kyōsan-tō) is a political party in Japan. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan Kommunistik Partiyasi) is a political party in Kazakhstan. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Party of Communists of Kyrgyzstan is a political party in Kyrgyzstan. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Workers Party of Korea (WPK) is the ruling party of the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK), commonly known as North Korea. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Lao Peoples Revolutionary Party (Laotian: Phak Pasason Pativat Lao) is the Communist Party of Laos. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Categories: Stub | Nepali political parties | Communist parties ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Communist Party of Pakistan, a communist political party in Pakistan. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Philippine Communist Party (in Tagalog: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a communist party in the Philippines. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... CPSL May Day poster in Kandy CPSL Kandy provincial election candidate, CYF President Raja Uswetakeiyyawa Communist Youth Federation The Communist Party of Sri Lanka is a communist political party in Sri Lanka. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Tajikistan is a political party in Tajikistan. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Vietnam (Đảng Cá»™ng sản Việt Nam) is the currently ruling, as well as the only legal political party in Vietnam. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Communist Party of Albania (in Albanian: Partia Komuniste e Shqiperise, abbreviated PKSH) is a political party in Albania. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Armenian Communist Party (Hayastani Komunistakan Kusaktsutyun) is a communist political party in Armenia. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Austria (de: Kommunistische Partei Österreichs, or KPÖ) is a communist party based in Austria. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Azerbaijan Communist Party (Azerbaycan Kommunist Partiyasi) is a political party in Azerbaijan. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Americas Asia Europe Middle East Related subjects The Communist Party of Belarus (Belarusian: , Kamunistychnaya Partyia Belarusi; Russian: , Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Belarusi)) is a political party in Belarus, that supports the government of president Alexander Lukashenko. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party (in Flemish: Kommunistische Partij, often abbreviated KP) is a political party in Flanders, Belgium. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Communist Party (in French: Parti Communiste) is a political party in Wallonia, Belgium. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Workers Party of Belgium (WPB), Partij van de Arbeid van België (PVDA) (in Dutch) or Parti du Travail de Belgique (PTB) (in French) is a Belgian communist party. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Logo of Workers Communist Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina The Workers Communist Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina is a communist party from Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Britain, which claimed to have 1026 members in 2007, is the largest Communist party in the United Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Bulgarian Communist Party was the ruling party of the Peoples Republic of Bulgaria from 1946 until 1990 when it ceased to be a Communist state. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Progressive Party of Working People (AKEL) (Greek: Ανορθωτικό Κόμμα Εργαζόμενου Λαού) is a socialist party in Cyprus. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (Czech: Komunistická strana ÄŒech a Moravy) is a political party in the Czech Republic. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Not to be confused with Communist Party in Denmark. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Communist Party in Denmark (in Danish: Kommunistisk Parti i Danmark), a political party in Denmark. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Communist Party of Estonia (in Estonian: Eestimaa Kommunistlik Partei, in Russian: Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Estonii) was a political party in Estonia. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Suomen kommunistinen puolue (yhtenäisyys) (SKPy) [Communist Party of Finland (Unity)] was a Finnish political party. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The United Communist Party of Georgia (in Georgian: Sakartvelos Ertiani Komunisturi Partia) is a political party in Georgia. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Advertisement of the German Communist Party, Those who take nothing from the rich can give nothing to the poor. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Greece (Greek: Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας, Kommounistikó Kómma Elládas), better known by its acronym, ΚΚΕ (usually pronounced koo-koo-eh or kappa-kappa-epsilon), is the communist party of Greece and the oldest party in the Greek political scene. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Ireland (CPI; Irish: Páirtí Cumannach na hÉireann) is a small all-Ireland Marxist party. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Categories: Ireland-related stubs | Irish political parties | Republic of Ireland political parties | Northern Ireland political parties ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Party of Italian Communists (Italian: Partito dei Comunisti Italiani, also translated into English as Italian Communists Party) is a political party in Italy. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Refoundation Party (Partito della Rifondazione Comunista, PRC) is an Italian reformed communist party. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Kommunistesch Partei Letzebuerg, French: Parti Communiste Luxembourgeois, German: Kommunistische Partei Luxemburg), abbreviated to KPL or PCL, is a political party in Luxembourg, founded on January 2, 1921. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Communist Party of Malta (in Maltese: Partit Komunista Malti), is a communist political party in Malta. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Moldova ( Moldovan: Partidul Comuniştilor din Republica Moldova) is the current ruling political party in Moldova. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... New Communist Party of the Netherlands (Nieuwe Communistische Partij Nederland) was founded in 1989 by a group of CPN-members who refused to join the GroenLinks (Green Left) together with the rest of the CPN. NCPN is mainly based in the Groningen province, where there is a strong communist tradition. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Norway (Norges Kommunistiske Parti) is a political party in Norway without parliamentary representation. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Portuguese Communist Party (Portuguese: Partido Comunista Português, pron. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of the Russian Federation (Russian: Коммунистическая партия Российской Федерации = КПРФ; translit. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... San Marinese Communist Refundation Party logo San Marinese Communist Refoundation (Rifondazione Comunista Sammarinese), political party in San Marino. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Scotland (CPS) was established in 1991 when the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) was disbanded and re-formed as the Democratic Left think-tank. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The New Communist Party of Yugoslavia (NKPJ) is a Marxist-Leninist party in Serbia and Montenegro. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Old party In the past, the Communist Party of Slovakia (Slovak: Komunistická strana Slovenska -- KSS) was a communist party in Slovakia. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... PCE symbol The Communist Party of Spain (Partido Comunista de España or PCE) is the third largest political party of Spain. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... PCC symbol Party of the Communists of Catalonia (in Catalan: Partit dels i les Comunistes de Catalunya) is a political party in Catalonia, Spain. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Sweden (Sveriges Kommunistiska Parti) is the continuation of Workers Party - the Communists (Arbetarpartiet Kommunisterna, abbreviated APK). ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... TKP demonstrators at the EU summit in Thessaloniki 2003 TKP symbol TKP is a party, which critically embraces the entire legacy of the leftist and revolutionary movement in Turkey. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Simonenko presidential election-2004 poster in Russian The Communist Party of Ukraine (Ukrainian: ) is a political party in Ukraine, currently led by Petro Symonenko. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Algerian Party for Democracy and Socialism (Parti Algérien pour la Démocratie et le Socialisme) is a political party in Algeria. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Tudeh Party of Iran (f. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Since its foundation in 1934, the Iraqi Communist Party (in Arabic: الحزب الشيوعي العراقي) has dominated the left in Iraqi politics. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Communist Party of Israel (known as Maki, an acronym for Miflaga Komunistit Yisraelit) was formed in 1948 by the remnant of the Communist Party of Palestine within the borders of the new state of Israel. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Jordanian Communist Party (in Arabic: Hizb al-Shuyuiyah al-Urduni) a communist political party in Jordan. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Lebanese Communist Party (LCP, Arabic, الـحـزب الشـيـوعـي اللبـنـانـي hizbu-sh-shuy‘uÄ«-l-lubnānÄ«) is a Marxist political party in Lebanon. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Sudanese Communist Party (SCP) is a Communist political party in the Republic of Sudan. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... The Syrian Communist Party evolved out of the Syrian-Lebanese Communist Party founded in 1924. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... This article is about the form of society and political movement. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Vladimir Lenin in 1920 Leninism is a political and economic theory which builds upon Marxism; it is a branch of Marxism (and it has been the dominant branch of Marxism in the world since the 1920s). ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... Democratic centralism is the name given to the principles of internal organization used by Leninist political parties, and the term is sometimes used as a synonym for any Leninist policy inside a political party. ... Image File history File links Red_star. ... This article intentionally focuses only on the history of communism as a self-contained, self-aware political movement. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... There are, at present, a number of communist parties active in various countries across the world, and a number who used to be active. ... The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, commonly referred to as the Tiananmen Square Massacre,[1] were a series of demonstrations led by students, intellectuals, and labor activists in the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) between April 15 and June 4, 1989. ...

Notes

  1. ^ [[Constitution of the People's Republic of China
  2. ^ CPC holds grand rally to celebrate 85th founding anniversary, Xinhua News Agency, June 30, 2006
  3. ^ Richard C. Bush. [2005] (2005). Untying the Knot: Making Peace in the Taiwan Strait. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 081571288X.
  4. ^ Horlemann, Ralf. [2002] (2002). Hong Kong's Transition to Chinese Rule. Routledge. ISBN 0415296811.
  5. ^ http://chicagosociety.uchicago.edu/china/coverage/PoliticsPanel.pdf
  6. ^ http://chinavitae.com/reference/conferencepapers/Li_Cheng.pdf
  7. ^ The Jamestown Foundation
  8. ^ See 2005 Pan-Blue visits to mainland China.

Front gate of the main building of Xinhua News Agency in Beijing For other uses, see Xinhua (disambiguation). ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lien Chan and the Kuomintang touring the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum in Nanjing, China. ...

External links

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Communist Party of China
Image File history File links White_sun,_blue_sky. ... The Kuomintang of China (abbreviation KMT) [1], also often translated as the Chinese Nationalist Party, is a political party in the Republic of China (ROC), now on Taiwan, and is currently the largest political party in terms of seats in the Legislative Yuan, and the oldest political party in the... Image File history File links Danghui. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Government of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Constitution of the Peoples Republic of China (中华人民共和国宪法; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó XiànfÇŽ) is the highest law within the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Great Hall of the People, where the NPC convenes The National Peoples Congress (全国人民代表大会 in Pinyin: Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì, literally Pan-Nation Congress of the Peoples Representatives), abbreviated PNCOTPR, is the highest legislative body in the Peoples Republic of China. ... The President of the Peoples Republic of China (Simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国主席; Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó ZhÇ”xí, or abbreviated Guójiā ZhÇ”xí 国家主席) is the head of state of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Vice President of the Peoples Republic of China is a senior position in the government of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Premier ( Chinese: 总理 pinyin: zŏnglĭ), sometimes referred to as the Prime Minister, is the Chairman of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China and head of Central Peoples Government. ... The State Council (国务院, pinyin: Guówùyuàn), which is largely synonymous with the Central Peoples Government (中央人民政府), is the chief administrative authority of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Peoples Liberation Army redirects here. ... The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) is formally a multi-party state under the leadership of the Communist Party of China in the popular front model similar to the former Communist-era Eastern European countries such as the National Front of Democratic Germany . ... Elections in the Peoples Republic of China take two forms: elections for selected local government positions in selected rural villages, and elections by Communist Party peoples congresses for the national legislature: the National Peoples Congress (Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui). ... The Politburo of the Communist Party of China ( Chinese: 中国共产党中央政治局 pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Zhèngzhìjú) is a group of 19 to 25 people who oversee the Communist Party of China. ... The Politics of Beijing is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in the mainland of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Politics of Shanghai is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in the mainland of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) is formally a multi-party state under the leadership of the Communist Party of China in the popular front model similar to the former Communist-era Eastern European countries such as the National Front of Democratic Germany . ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... The Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang (Traditional Chinese: 中國國民黨革命委員會Simplified Chinese: 中国国民党革命委员会 Pinyin: Zhōngguó GuómíndÇŽng GémìngwÄ›iyuánhuì) is one of eight registered minor political parties (in addition to the Communist Party of China) in the Peoples Republic of China. ... The China Democratic League is one of eight legally-recognised political parties in the Peoples Republic of China. ... The China Democratic National Construction Association (Zhongguo Minzhu Jianguo Hui) is one of the eight legally-recognised political parties in the Peoples Republic of China that follow the direction of the Communist Party of China and are member of the Chinese Peoples Political Consultative Conference. ... The China Association for Promoting Democracy (Zhongguo Minzhu Cujin Hui) is one of the eight legally-recognised political parties in the Peoples Republic of China that follow the direction of the Communist Party of China and are member of the Chinese Peoples Political Consultative Conference. ... The Chinese Peasants and Workers Democratic Party (Zhongguo Nonggong Minzhu Dang) is one of the eight legally-recognised political parties in the Peoples Republic of China that follow the direction of the Communist Party of China and are member of the Chinese Peoples Political Consultative Conference. ... This article is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... The Chinese Peasants and Workers Democratic Party (Zhongguo Nonggong Minzhu Dang) is one of the eight legally-recognised political parties in the Peoples Republic of China that follow the direction of the Communist Party of China and are member of the Chinese Peoples Political Consultative Conference. ... The Taiwan Democratic Self-Government League (Simplified Chinese: 台湾民主自治同盟; Traditional Chinese: 台灣民主自治同盟; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is one of the eight legally-recognised political parties in the Peoples Republic of China that follow the direction of the Communist Party of China and are member of the Chinese Peoples Political Consultative Conference. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This is an overview of political parties by country, in the form of a table with a link to a list of political parties in each country and showing which party system is dominant in each country . ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Government of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Communist Party of China (3232 words)
The Communist Party of China was founded in 1921, and fought the National Government of China (Republic of China) led by the Kuomintang (KMT) during the Chinese Civil War, which ended with the Communist Party of China's victory in the Chinese Revolution.
The relationship between party and state is somewhat different from that of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union under Stalin's successors, in which the party controlled the state.
Trotskyists argue that the party was doomed to its present character, that of petty-bourgeois nationalism, because of the near-annihilation of the workers' movement in the KMT betrayal of 1927, which was made possible by Stalin's order that the Communists disarm and surrender.
Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Enhancing Work of Population ... (4090 words)
Party committees and governments at all levels should give top priority to work of population and family planning in pursuing the strategy of sustainable development, and the heads of party committees and governments at all levels should direct their personnel attention to this task.
The party committees and governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities with provincial status should submit annual reports on the work of population and family planning in their respective jurisdictions to the central authorities.
Party committees and governments at all levels and their organizational and personnel departments should raise the competence of family planning staff, particularly those staff at the township (neighborhood) and village (residential committee) and make sure that they have moral integrity, are professionally competent, good t management and able to communicate with people through persuasion.
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