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Encyclopedia > Communist International
The first edition of Communist International, journal of the Comintern published in Moscow (Kremlin) and Petrograd (now Saint Petersburg) (Smolny Institute) in May 1919. The slogan at the top says proletarians of all countries, unite! File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev...
The first edition of Communist International, journal of the Comintern published in Moscow (Kremlin) and Petrograd (now Saint Petersburg) (Smolny Institute) in May 1919. The slogan at the top says proletarians of all countries, unite! File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev... Enlarge
The first edition of Communist International, journal of the Comintern published in Saint Basils Cathedral Moscow  listen? ( Russian/Cyrillic: Москва́, pronunciation: Moskva), capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097.12 km2. Its coordinates are 55°45′ N 37°37′ E. The citys population... Moscow and Petrograd (now Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Saint Petersburg) in May 1919. The slogan at the top says "proletarians of all countries, unite!"

The Comintern (from Communist International), also known as the Third International, was an international Communism - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ Communism From Wikipedia Communism is a term that can refer to one of several things: a social and economic system, an ideology which supports that system, or a political movement that wishes to... Communist organization founded in March 1919 by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin ( Russian: Влади́мир Ильи́ч Ле́нин  listen?), original surname Ulyanov (Улья́нов) ( April 22 (April 10 ( O.S.)), 1870 – January 21, 1924), was... Lenin and the For other usage of the initials CPSU see CPSU (disambiguation). The Communist Party of the Soviet Union ( Russian: Коммунисти́ческая Па́ртия Сове́тск... Russian Communist Party (bolshevik), which intended to fight "by all available means, including armed force, for the overthrow of the international bourgeoisie and for the creation of an international Soviet republic as a transition stage to the complete abolition of the State." The Comintern represented a split from the The Second International was an organization formed in 1889 (after several years of preparation) by socialist and labour parties who wished to work together for international socialism. It continued the work of the dissolved First International and was in existence until 1916. The Second International dissolved during World War I... Second International in response to the latter's failure to form a unified coalition against the Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. Battle aftermath. Remains of the Chateau Wood World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations, and the War to End All Wars, was a world conflict occurring from 1914 to... First World War, which the Third Internationalists regarded as a bourgeois imperialist war.


The Comintern held seven World Congresses, the first in March 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). Events January January 1 - Iolaire sinking disaster January 1 - Edsel Ford succeeds his father as head of the Ford Motor Company January 5 - Spartacist uprising - Socialist demonstrations in Berlin turn into attempted communist revolution January 9 - Spartacus revolutionary... 1919 and the last in 1935 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 1 - Italian colonies of Tripoli and Kyrenaika are joined together as Libya January 7 - Italian premier Benito Mussolini and French foreign minister Pierre Laval conclude agreement in which each power undertakes not to... 1935, until it was dissolved in 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. Events January January 4 - End of term for Culbert Olson, 29th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Earl Warren. January 11 - The United States and United Kingdom give up territorial rights in China. January 11 - General Juanto dies in Argentina - Ramon... 1943. Groups coming from the tradition of Left Communism is a term describing a whole range of communist viewpoints which oppose the political ideas of the Bolsheviks from a position which is asserted to be more authentically Marxist and proletarian than the views held by the Communist International after its first two Congresses. Left Communism is also... Left Communism today recognise only the first two congresses, and groups coming out of the Bolshevik Vladimir Lenin in 1920 Leninism is a political and economic theory which builds upon Marxism; it is a branch of Marxism (and it has been the dominant branch of Marxism in the world since the 1920s). Leninism was developed mainly by the Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin, and it was... Leninist or Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. The term is sometimes used more loosely to denote various political currents claiming a tradition of Marxist opposition to both Stalinism and capitalism. An adherent of Trotskyism is called a Trotskyist; the term Trotskyite is pejorative. Trotsky advocated proletarian... Trotskyist movement recognise the decisions of the first four only. Communist Parties of the Stalinism is a brand of political theory, and the political and economic system implemented by Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union. Leon Trotsky described the system as totalitarian, and this description has become widely used by critics of Stalinism. Stalinism as political theory The term Stalinism is sometimes used to... Stalinist or Maoism or Mao Zedong Thought (Chinese: 毛澤東思想, pinyin: Máo Zédōng Sīxiǎng), also called Marxism-Leninism–Mao Zedong Thought or Marxism-Leninism-Maoism (MLM), is a variant of communism derived from the teachings of Mao Zedong (1893–... Maoist persuasion, however, recognize all seven congresses.

Contents

Origins of the Communist International

The origins of the Communist International are to be found in the split in the workers movement that surfaced in 1914 with the beginning of the First World War although divisions between revolutionary and reformist minded elements had been developing for some considerable time. For example as far back as 1899 reformist or right wing elements in the socialist movement had supported the entry of French socialist Millerand into the government of the day. On the other hand revolutionary or left wing elements were fiercely to this development. Also of importance was the literary controversy over the publication of Bernsteins Evolutionary Socialism which espoused a reformist path to socialism which received powerful criticism from, among others, Karl Kautsky (October 18, 1854 - October 17, 1938) was a leading theoretician of social democracy. Born in Prague, Karl Kaustky was studying history and philosophy at the University of Vienna in 1874, and became a member of the Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ) in 1875. From 1885 to 1890... Karl Kautsky and the young Rosa Luxemburg.


The Russian Revolution of 1905 had the affect of radicalising many socialist parties as did a number of General Strikes in pursuit of universal suffrage in Western European countries. at this point the Second or Socialist International appeared to be a united body that was growing at every election and in every advanced country. Karl Kautsky, aptly dubbed the Pope of Marxism, was at his most radical as the editor of the hughly influential Die Neu Zeit (New Times) the theoretical journal of the massive Social Democratic Party (SPD) of Germany which was the flagship of the International.


However by 1910 divisions were appearing in the left of Social Democracy, as the Marxists who dominated the International described themselves, and left wing thinkers such as Rosa Luxemburg and the Dutch theoretician Anton Pannekoek were becoming ever more critical of Kautsky. From this point onwards then it is possible to speak of there being a reformist right, a centre and a revolutionary left within the International. Interestingly, from the point of later events, both the Menshevik and Bolshevik wings of the Russian Social Democracy were counted amongst the revolutionary left wing. Although the quarreling groups of emigres were not held in high regard by the leaders of the international and were unknown to the general public.


Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. Battle aftermath. Remains of the Chateau Wood World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations, and the War to End All Wars, was a world conflict occurring from 1914 to... World War I was to prove the issue which finally and irrevocably separated the revolutionary and reformist wings of the workers movement. For despite passing by massive majorities resolutions that the Socialist international would call upon the international working clas to resist war shyould it be declared within hours of the declaration of war almost all the socialist parties of the combatant states had declared their support for their won countries. The only exceptions being the socialist parties of the Balkans, Russia and tiny minorities in other countries. The socialist parties of the neutral countries for the most part continued to argue for neutralism and against total opposition to the war.


As before the war the divisions wthin the socialist movement were between a revolutionary left, a reformist right and a centre which wavered between the two opposite poles. Amngst the most vociferous opponents of the war was Lenin the leader of the Bolshevik faction of Russian socialists who observing the collapse of the Socialist International declared that a new Third International had now to be constructed to take its place. It was Lenin who now condemned reformist socialists as Social-Chauvinism is a term created by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, the Bolshevik leader to criticise those in the Second International who supported their countries involvement in World War I. Lenin viewed such support as deviating away from the socialist ideal of international solidarity of the proletariat, and in his eyes... Social-Chauvinists (socialist in their words but chauvinist in their deeds) as well as much of the centre, which often opposed the war but refused to break party discipline and therefore voted war credits, as social-pacifists. This latter term being aimed in particular at James Ramsay MacDonald (October 12, 1866 - November 9, 1937) was Britains first Labour Prime Minister (January-November 1924 and June 1929-August 1931) and subsequently Prime Minister of the National Government of August 1931-June 1935. Biography Born at Lossiemouth in Scotland, he was from very humble beginnings and... Ramsay MacDonald) the leader of the Independant Labour Party in Britain who did in fact oppose the war on grounds of pacifism but did nothing to resist it.


A central policy of the Comintern was that Communist parties should be established across the world to aid the international World revolution is a Marxist concept of a violent overthrow of capitalism that would take place in all countries simultaneously. Arguably, the international situation in the years immediately following World War I was the closest the world ever came to such a revolution. The October Revolution of 1917 in Russia... proletarian revolution. They also shared the idea of Democratic centralism is a political concept referring to the governance of political parties and groups. The democratic aspect of this methodology describes the freedom of members of the political party to discuss and debate matters of policy and direction, but once the decision of the party is made by majority... democratic centralism, which essentially boils down to the principle that all decisions must be made democratically and all voices must be heard in the process, but party members should not continue to dispute a decision after it has been adopted.


The following parties and movements were invited to the First Congress of the Communist International:

  • This article is about the Spartacist League which existed in post-First World War Germany. See International Communist League (Fourth Internationalist) for the group currently named the Spartacist League. The Spartacist League (Spartakusbund in German) was a left-wing Marxist revolutionary movement organized in Germany during and just after the... Spartacus League ( The Federal Republic of Germany ( German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is one of the worlds leading industrialised countries, located in the heart of Europe. Due to its central location, Germany has more neighbours than any other European country: these are Denmark in the north, Poland and the Czech Republic in the... Germany)
  • The Communist Party (Bolshevik) The Russian Federation ( Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, transliteration: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya or Rossijskaja Federacija), or Russia (Russian: Росси́я, transliteration: Rossiya or Rossija), is a country that stretches... Russia
  • The Communist Party of German The Republic of Austria ( German: Republik Österreich) is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It borders Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The state is a representative democracy... Austria
  • The The Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság) or Hungary (Magyarország) is a landlocked country in Central Europe, bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia. It is known locally as the Country of the Magyars. National motto: (none current) historical: Regnum... Hungarian Communist Workers' Party
  • The The Republic of Finland ( Finnish: Suomen tasavalta, Swedish: Republiken Finland) is a Nordic country in northeastern Europe, bordered by the Baltic Sea to the southwest, the Gulf of Finland to the southeast and the Gulf of Bothnia to the west. Finland has land frontiers with Sweden, Norway and Russia and... Finnish CP
  • The The Republic of Poland, a democratic country with a population of 38,626,349 and area of 312,685 km², is located in Central Europe, between Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania... Polish Communist Workers' Party
  • The Communist Party of Estonia (disambiguation). The Republic of Estonia is a country in Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea to the west and the Gulf of Finland to the north. Estonia has land borders with its fellow Baltic state, Latvia, to the south, with Russia to the east, and maritime border with Finland... Estonia
  • The The Republic of Latvia ( Latvian: Latvijas Republika), or Latvia ( Latvian: Latvija), is a country in Northern Europe. Latvia has land borders with its two fellow Baltic states — Estonia to the north and Lithuania to the south — and Russia and Belarus to the east. In the west Latvia shares... Latvian CP
  • The The Republic of Lithuania (in Lithuanian, Lietuva) is a republic in Northeastern Europe. One of the three Baltic States along the Baltic Sea, it shares borders with fellow Baltic State Latvia to the north, Belarus to the southeast, Poland to the south, and the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia to the... Lithuanian CP
  • The Belarus ( Belarusian: Белару́сь, Russian: Белару́сь (formerly: Белору́ссия), Polish: Białoruś) is a landlocked nation of Eastern Europe with the capital Minsk. Belarus... Belarusian CP
  • The Ukraine (Україна, Ukrayina in Ukrainian; Украина in Russian) is a republic in eastern Europe which borders Russia to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest and... Ukrainian CP
  • The revolutionary elements of the National motto: Truth prevails ( Czech: Pravda vítězí) Official language Czech Capital Praha ( Prague) President Václav Klaus Prime Minister Stanislav Gross Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 114th 78,866 km² 2% Population  - Total ( 2003)  - Density Ranked 76th 10.25 million... Czech social democracy
  • The The Republic of Bulgaria is a republic in the southeast of Europe. It borders the Black Sea to the east, Greece and Turkey to the south, Serbia and Montenegro and the Republic of Macedonia to the west, and Romania to the north along the river Danube. National motto: Съ... Bulgarian Social-Democratic Party (Tesnjaki)
  • The Romania (formerly spelled Rumania or Roumania; Romanian: România) is a country in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Ukraine and Moldova in the northeast, Hungary in the west and Serbia and Bulgaria to the south along the Danube river. Romania has a stretch of sea coast on the... Romanian SDP
  • The Left-wing of the Serbian SDP
  • The Social Democratic Left Party of Sweden
  • The Norwegian Labour Party (Det norske Arbeiderparti, Arbeiderpartiet or DNA) is a left-wing political party in Norway. It was founded in 1887, and has been Norways largest political party since 1927 (a position challenged by a couple of other parties in polls during recent years, however). The party... The Norwegian Labour Party
  • For Denmark (disambiguation). The Kingdom of Denmark is geographically the smallest Nordic country and is part of the European Union. It is located in Scandinavia, which is in northern Europe. Denmark borders the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, and consists of a peninsula attached to Northern Germany named Jutland (Jylland... Denmark, the Klassenkampen group
  • The The Netherlands ( Dutch: Nederland) is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands ( Dutch: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden). The Netherlands is a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch, located in northwestern Europe. It borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the... Dutch CP
  • The revolutionary elements of the The Kingdom of Belgium ( Dutch: Koninkrijk België, French: Royaume de Belgique, German: Königreich Belgien) is a country in Western Europe, bordered by the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, France, and the North Sea. Belgium is at a cultural crossroad between Germanic Europe and Romance Europe. It has Dutch speakers... Belgian Workers Party
  • The groups and organisations within the The French Republic or France ( French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. France is a democracy organised as a... French socialist and syndicalist movements
  • The social-democratic Left of The Swiss Confederation or Switzerland is a landlocked federal state in Europe, with neighbours Germany, France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein. The country has a strong tradition of political and military neutrality, but also of international co-operation, and is home to many international organisations. Confoederatio Helvetica (CH), the Latin version... Switzerland
  • the The Italian Republic or Italy ( Italian: Repubblica Italiana or Italia) is a country in southern Europe. It comprises a boot-shaped peninsula and two large islands in the Mediterranean Sea, Sicily and Sardinia, and shares its northern alpine boundary with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. The independent countries of San... Italian Socialist Party
  • The revolutionary elements of the The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma; Galician: Reino da España) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. It shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra. To the... Spanish SP
  • The revolutionary elements of the The Republic of Portugal (República Portuguesa), or Portugal, is a democratic republic located on the west and southwest parts of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe; it is the westernmost country in continental Europe. Portugal is bordered by Spain to the north and east and by the Atlantic... Portuguese SP
  • The The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and a member of the British Commonwealth and European Union. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, UK or, inaccurately, as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent parts. Three of these parts... British socialist parties (particularly the current represented by MacLean)
  • The Socialist Labour Party (Britain)
  • Industrial Workers of the World (Britain)
  • The revolutionary elements of the workers' organisations of A true colour image of Ireland, captured by a NASA satellite on January 4, 2003. Scotland, the Isle of Man and Wales are visible to the east. Ireland is located west of the European landmass, which is part of the continent of Eurasia. Ireland (Éire in Irish) is the... Ireland
  • The revolutionary elements among the shop stewards (Britain)
  • The Socialist Labor Party of the The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America¹, the States, or (archaically) Columbia — is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii... United States
  • The Left elements of the SP of America (the tendency represented by Debs and the League for Socialist Propaganda)
  • The IWW Label A Wobbly membership card The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW or the Wobblies) is an international union headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, having much in common with anarcho-syndicalist unions, but also many differences. It contends that all workers should be united within a single union as... IWW (United States)
  • The IWW Label A Wobbly membership card The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW or the Wobblies) is an international union headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, having much in common with anarcho-syndicalist unions, but also many differences. It contends that all workers should be united within a single union as... IWW ( Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is the sixth-largest country in the world, the only one to occupy an entire continent, and the largest in the region of Australasia/ Oceania. It also includes a number of secondary islands, the largest of which is Tasmania, an Australian State. Australia is... Australia)
  • Workers' International Industrial Union (America)
  • The Socialist groups of Tokyo (東京; Tōkyō, lit. eastern capital) is the capital of Japan as well as the most populous conurbation in Japan, and the worlds largest metropolitan area by population with 33,750,000 people living within its urban influence. A little more than 12 million people... Tokyo and For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. Categories: Cities in Kanagawa Prefecture | Coastal cities | Japan geography stubs ... Yokohama ( Official language Japanese Capital Tokyo Largest City Tokyo Emperor Akihito Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 60th 377,835 km² 0.8% Population  - Total ( 2004)  - Density Ranked 10th 127,333,002 337/km² GDP  - Total (PPP, 2005)  - Total (nominal)  ... Japan, represented by Comrade Katayama)
  • The Socialist Youth International (represented by Comrade Munzenburg)

For a party to join the Comintern, it had to accept the For a party to join the Comintern, it had to accept 21 conditions. Some of these were: To actively campaign in favor of communist ideas, both in the cities and the countryside To remove reformists and centrists from positions in the working class movement To combine legal and illegal methods... Twenty-one Conditions, which were intended to delimit revolutionary communists from the reformist and centrist forces which sought to join the Comintern in the wake of the success of the Russian revolution.


The First Four World Congresses of the Communist International

The first Chairman of the Comintern's Executive Committee was Grigory Yevseevich Zinoviev (Григо́рий Евсе́евич Зино́вьев, real name Ovsel Gershon Aronov Radomyslsky (Радомысльский), also... Grigory Zinoviev, from 1919 to 1926 (when he was dismissed after falling out of favor with Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin ( Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili ( Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვილ... Stalin, who already held considerable power by this time). Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin (Russian: Николай Иванович Бухарин), (October 9 (September 27 Old Style) 1888 - March 13, 1938) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and then a Soviet politician, and intellectual. Bukharin was born... Nikolai Bukharin led the Comintern for two years, until 1928, until he too fell out with Stalin. The Bulgarians are a southern Slavic people generally associated with Bulgaria and the Bulgarian language. The majority of the Bulgarians nowadays live in the Republic of Bulgaria, although there are Bulgarian minorities or immigrant communities in a number of countries. The modern Bulgarians are descendants of two peoples - the Bulgars... Bulgarian communist leader Georgi Dimitrov Georgi Mikhailov Dimitrov (Георги Димитров) (June 18, 1882 - July 2, 1949) was a Bulgarian Communist leader. A revolutionary from boyhood, he was a leader in the 1923 Communist uprising against Alexander Tsankov. When it failed, he... Georgi Dimitrov headed the Comintern in 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-April January 1 - Alcatraz becomes a federal prison. January 7 - First Flash Gordon comic strip is published. January 10 - Execution of Marinus van der Lubbe January 24 - Einstein visits White House January 26 - The... 1934 and presided it until its dissolution.


From the Fifth to the Seventh World Congress

Several international organizations sposored by Comintern:

  • Red International of Labour Unions (Profintern)
  • Red Peasant International, generally called by its Russian abbreviation Krestintern, was an international peasants organization formed by the Communist International in October 1923. Member organizations of Krestintern (incomplete list): Croatian Peasants Party (affiliated in 1924) Irish Working Farmers Committee Mexican peasants leagues (affiliated in 1923) Philippine Confederation of Peasants (affiliated... Red Peasant International (Krestintern)
  • International Red Aid (MOPR)
  • Communist Youth International
  • Red Sports International (Sportintern)

From the Last Congress to Dissolution

The last Congress of the Comintern was held in 1935 and officially endorsed the Popular Front against fascism. This policy argued that the Communist Parties should seek to form a Popular Front with all parties that opposed fascism and not limit themselves to forming a United Front with those parties based on the working class. There was no significant opposition to this policy within any of the national sections of the Comintern; in France and Spain in particular, it would have momentous consequences.


As the Seventh World Congress officially repudiated the revolutionary overthrow of capitalism as the purpose of the Comintern, 1915 passport photo of Trotsky Leon Davidovich Trotsky ( Russian: Лев Давидович Троцкий; also transliterated Leo, Lev, Trotskii, Trotski, Trotskij and Trotzky ) (October 26 ( O.S.) = November 7 ( N.S.), 1879 - August 21, 1940), born... Leon Trotsky was led to state that it was the death of the Comintern as a revolutionary International - and therefore a New International needed to be built. Trotsky also argued that the Stalinist parties were now to be considered reformist parties, similar to the social democratic parties (but also playing a role as border guards for the Russian state).


As a result, in 1938 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-May January 3 - The March of Dimes is established by Franklin Delano Roosevelt. January 11 - Frances Moulton is the first woman to become president of a US national bank. January 20 - Wedding of King... 1938 the Logo of the Fourth International The Fourth International was an international organisation of Trotskyist communists. It was founded in 1938 in Paris, with the backing of Leon Trotsky, to serve as an alternative to the Stalinist Comintern (the Third International) The Fourth International is regarded by Trotskyists and other communists... Fourth International was founded in opposition to the Comintern. The communists of the Fourth International believed that the Third International had become thoroughly bureaucratized and Stalinized, and was no longer capable of regenerating itself into a proper revolutionary organization. In particular, they saw the calamitous defeat of the communist movement in Germany (at the hands of the The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). Black, white, and red were in fact the colors of the old North German Confederation flag (invented by Otto von Bismarck, based on... nazis) as evidence that the Comintern was effectively irrelevant and fully under Stalin's control.


At the start of Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (60,000 ft) into the air. August 9, 1945 World War II was a global conflict that started in 7 July 1937 in Asia and 1 September 1939 in Europe and lasted until 1945, involving the majority of the... World War II, the Comintern supported a policy of Pacifism is opposition to the practice of war. Many (but not all) pacifists have a commitment to non-violence in general in society, making a commitment to achieving ones goals only through actively non-violent resistance or non-aggressive means. Other pacifists may not on principle be opposed to... pacifism and non-intervention, arguing that this was an imperialist war between various national ruling classes, much like Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. Battle aftermath. Remains of the Chateau Wood World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations, and the War to End All Wars, was a world conflict occurring from 1914 to... World War I had been. However, when the Soviet Union itself was invaded in 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 6 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt delivers his Four Freedoms Speech in the State of the Union Address. January 10 - Lend-Lease is introduced into the U.S. Congress. January 19 - British troops attack Italian... 1941, the Comintern switched its position to one of active support for the In general, allies are people or groups that have joined an alliance and are working together to achieve some common purpose. In general English usage, those who share a common goal and whose work toward that goal is complementary may be viewed as allies for various purposes even when no... Allies.


The Comintern was officially dissolved on May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). There are 230 days remaining. Events 1514 - Jodocus Badius Ascensius publishes Christiern Pedersens Latin version of Saxo’s Gesta Danorum, the oldest know version of that work. 1525 - The battle of... May 15, 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. Events January January 4 - End of term for Culbert Olson, 29th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Earl Warren. January 11 - The United States and United Kingdom give up territorial rights in China. January 11 - General Juanto dies in Argentina - Ramon... 1943.


After the Comintern

In 1947 the The Cominform (from Communist Information Bureau) is the common name for what was officially referred to as the Information Bureau of the Communist and Workers Parties. The Cominform was a Soviet dominated organisation of Communist parties founded in September, 1947 at a conference of Communist party leaders in Szklarska Poreba... Cominform, or Communist Information Bureau, was created as a substitute of the Comintern. It was a network made up of the A Communist party is a party which promotes Communism. Many such parties formally use the term Communist in their official name. Communist Parties first began to be established in various countries across the world after the creation of the Communist International by the Russian Bolsheviks. Throughout the 20th century, Communist... Communist parties of The Republic of Bulgaria is a republic in the southeast of Europe. It borders the Black Sea to the east, Greece and Turkey to the south, Serbia and Montenegro and the Republic of Macedonia to the west, and Romania to the north along the river Danube. National motto: Съ... Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia ( Czech: Československo, Slovak: Česko-Slovensko/before 1990 Československo) was a country in Central Europe that existed from 1918 until 1992 (except for the World War II period). On January 1, 1993, it peacefully split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia, in what was known as the... Czechoslovakia, The French Republic or France ( French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. France is a democracy organised as a... France, The Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság) or Hungary (Magyarország) is a landlocked country in Central Europe, bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia. It is known locally as the Country of the Magyars. National motto: (none current) historical: Regnum... Hungary, The Italian Republic or Italy ( Italian: Repubblica Italiana or Italia) is a country in southern Europe. It comprises a boot-shaped peninsula and two large islands in the Mediterranean Sea, Sicily and Sardinia, and shares its northern alpine boundary with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. The independent countries of San... Italy, The Republic of Poland, a democratic country with a population of 38,626,349 and area of 312,685 km², is located in Central Europe, between Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania... Poland, Romania (formerly spelled Rumania or Roumania; Romanian: România) is a country in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Ukraine and Moldova in the northeast, Hungary in the west and Serbia and Bulgaria to the south along the Danube river. Romania has a stretch of sea coast on the... Romania, the Soviet Union, and The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. It was formed in 1945 from remains of the pre-war Kingdom of Yugoslavia under the name Democratic Federal Yugoslavia, in 1946 it changed its name to Federal Peoples Republic of Yugoslavia and... Yugoslavia. It was dissolved in 1956.


While the pro-Moscow Communist parties of the world no longer had a formal international organisation, they still looked to the For other usage of the initials CPSU see CPSU (disambiguation). The Communist Party of the Soviet Union ( Russian: Коммунисти́ческая Па́ртия Сове́тск... Communist Party of the Soviet Union, or CPSU, for leadership, and had periodic meetings in Saint Basils Cathedral Moscow  listen? ( Russian/Cyrillic: Москва́, pronunciation: Moskva), capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097.12 km2. Its coordinates are 55°45′ N 37°37′ E. The citys population... Moscow. The most notable of these was in 1962 when the All people of the world unite, to overthrow American imperialism, to overthrow Soviet revisionism, to overthrow the reactionaries of all nations! (Chinese poster, 1969) The Sino-Soviet split was a conflict between the Soviet Union and the Peoples Republic of China, beginning in the late 1950s, reaching a peak... Sino-Soviet split became public for the first time. There was especially close coordination between the CPSU and the Communist Parties of the Map of Warsaw Pact member countries. The Warsaw Pact or Warsaw Treaty, officially named the Treaty of friendship, co-operation and mutual assistance was a military alliance of the Eastern European Soviet Bloc countries, who intended to organize against the perceived threat from the NATO alliance (which had been established... Warsaw Pact.


See also: There are, at present, a number of communist parties active in various countries across the world, and a number who used to be active. The formation of communist parties in various countries was first initiated by the formation of the communist Third International by the Russian Bolsheviks. Undoubtedly the most... List of Communist Parties, The Comintern had, at the first Congress, voting delegates from the following groups: Communist Party of Armenia Central Bureaus Azerbaijani Section Communist Party of Bulgaria Socialist Workers Party of China Communist Party of Czechoslovakia Communist Party of German Austria Communist Party of Finland Communist Party of France Zimmerwald Left... List of members of the Comintern, The World Communist Movement is an informal community of certain parties around the world. It evolved out of the Communist International, which was dissolved in 1943. The WCM does not consist of all parties claiming to be communist, and it excludes Trotskyist parties as well as the anti-revisonist Marxist... World Communist Movement


See also

  • The Anti-Comintern Pact was concluded between Nazi Germany and Japan on November 25th, 1936. The pact was directed against the Communist International (Soviet Union in particular. In case of an attack by the Soviet Union against Germany or Japan, the two countries agreed to consult on what measures to... Anti-Comintern Pact

External links

  • Comintern Archives (http://www.komintern-online.ru/)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Communism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3073 words)
Following Lenin's democratic centralism, the Communist parties were organized on a hierarchical basis, with active cells of members as the broad base; they were made up only of elite cadres approved by higher members of the party as being reliable and completely subject to party discipline.
Despite the actvity of the Comintern, the Soviet Communist Party adopted the Stalinist theory of "socialism in one country" and claimed that, due to the "aggravation of class struggle under socialism," it was possible, even necessary, to build socialism in one country alone.
As the Sino-Soviet Split in the international Communist movement turned toward open hostility, Maoist China portrayed itself as a leader of the underdeveloped world against the two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, with Maoism gaining recognition worldwide as a new branch of Marxism.
Comintern - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1537 words)
The origins of the Communist International are to be found in the split in the workers' movement that surfaced in 1914 with the beginning of the First World War, although divisions between revolutionary and reformist minded elements had been developing for some considerable time.
For a party to join the Comintern, it had to accept the Twenty-one Conditions, which were intended to delimit revolutionary communists from the reformist and centrist forces which sought to join the Comintern in the wake of the success of the Russian revolution.
In particular, they saw the calamitous defeat of the communist movement in Germany (at the hands of the National Socialists) as evidence that the Comintern was effectively irrelevant and fully under Stalin's control.
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