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Encyclopedia > Communion of Saints

The Communion of Saints is the doctrine that the "saints" (i.e. all Christians) are a single body, in which each member contributes to the good of all and shares in the welfare of all. Doctrine, from Latin doctrina, (compare doctor), means a body of teachings or instructions, taught principles or positions, as the body of teachings in a branch of knowledge or belief system. ...


This doctrine is included in the Apostles' Creed, a major profession of the Christian faith from not long after the year 100, the basic statement of the Church's faith (William Barclay, The Plain Man Looks at the Apostles Creed, pages 10-12). Its current form was settled in the eighth century. The Apostles Creed (Latin: Symbolum Apostolorum), sometimes titled Symbol of the Apostles, is an early statement of Christian belief, a creed or symbol. ... For other uses of the term Christian, see Christian (disambiguation). ... -1... William Barclay (5 December 1907, Wick – 24 January 1978, Glasgow) was an author, radio and television presenter, Church of Scotland minister and Professor of Divinity and Biblical Criticism at the University of Glasgow. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ...


The doctrine of the Communion of Saints is based on 1 Corinthians 12, where Paul compares Christians to a single body. The term Communion is derived from Latin communio (sharing in common). ... In traditional Christian iconography, Saints are often depicted as having halos. ... (Redirected from 1 Corinthians) See also: Second Epistle to the Corinthians and Third Epistle to the Corinthians The First Epistle to the Corinthians is a book of the Bible in the New Testament. ... Paul of Tarsus (b. ...


The words translated into English as "saints" can refer to Christians, who, whatever their personal sanctity as individuals, are called holy because consecrated to God and Christ. This usage of the word "saints" is found some fifty times in the New Testament. John 21:1 Jesus Appears to His Disciples--Alessandro Mantovani: the Vatican, Rome. ...


The Heidelberg Catechism defends this view, citing Romans 8:32, 1 Corinthians 6:17, and 1 John 1:3 to claim that all members of Christ have communion with Him, and are recipients of all His gifts. The Heidelberg Catechism is a document taking the form of a series of questions and answers, for use in teaching Reformed Christian doctrine. ... Roman or Romans has several meanings, primarily related to the Roman citizens, but also applicable to typography, math, and a commune. ... (Redirected from 1 Corinthians) See also: Second Epistle to the Corinthians and Third Epistle to the Corinthians The First Epistle to the Corinthians is a book of the Bible in the New Testament. ... (Redirected from 1 John) The First Epistle of John is a book of the Bible New Testament. ... Christ is the English of the Greek word (Christós), which literally means The Anointed One. ... Communion has several meanings within Christianity. ...


The persons who are linked in this communion include those who have died and whom Hebrews 12:1 pictures as a cloud of witnesses encompassing Christians on earth. In the same chapter, Hebrews 12:22-23 says Christians on earth "have come to Mount Zion, and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering, and to the assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and to a judge who is God of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect." Mount Zion (Hebrew: ‎ transliteration: Har Tziyyon - Height) is the ancient name of a mountain in jerusalem southe of the old city. ...


In Catholic terminology, the Communion of Saints is thus said to comprise the Church Militant (those alive on earth), the Church Penitent (those undergoing purification in Purgatory in preparation for heaven), and the Church Triumphant (those already in heaven). The damned are not among the Communion of Saints. The Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox Church as well as the Anglican Church and the Assyrian Church of the East point to this doctrine in support of their practice of asking the intercession of the saints in heaven, whose prayers (cf. Revelation 5:8) are seen as helping their fellow Christians on earth. The same churches appeal to this doctrine also in favour of their practice of praying for the dead. Illustration for Dantes Purgatorio (18), by Gustave Doré. Dante described purgatory as having seven terraces, each to purge a different sin. ... The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus Christ and led by the Twelve Apostles, in particular Saint Peter. ... The Eastern Orthodox Church is a Christian body that views itself as: the historical continuation of the original Christian community established by Jesus Christ and the Twelve Apostles, having maintained unbroken the link between its clergy and the Apostles by means of Apostolic Succession. ... The term Oriental Orthodoxy refers to the churches of Eastern Christian traditions that keeps the faith of only the first three ecumenical councils of the undivided Church - the councils of Nicea, Constantinople and Ephesus. ... The Anglican Communion uses the compass rose as its symbol, signifying its worldwide reach and decentralized nature. ... The Holy Apostolic Catholic Ancient Assyrian Church of the East under His Holiness Mar Dinkha IV is a Christian church that traces its origins to the See of Seleucia-Ctesiphon, said to be founded by Saint Thomas the Apostle as well as Saint Mari and Addai as evidenced in the... Intercession of the saints is a Christian doctrine common to the Catholic and Orthodox Churches. ... Mary Magdalene in prayer. ...


See also

The term Communion is derived from Latin communio (sharing in common). ...

External links

  • Saints' writings
  • Mirror of Saints
  • Canon of Women Saints in the Mass

  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Communion of Saints (2924 words)
communion of saints is the spiritual solidarity which binds together the faithful on earth, the souls in purgatory, and the
Thus Saint Aidan in Northumbria, Saint Birinus in Wessex, and Saint Felix in East Anglia were venerated as the protectors of the countries which had been the scenes of their labours.
communion of saints, and not the papacy, was the Church: "non ut aligui somniant, credo ecclesiam esse praelatum.
Communion of Saints: Key to the Eucharist - Catholic Update May©2005 (2406 words)
On the feast of all saints, we might hail one another with the words “happy feast day,” indicating by such a greeting that we think that despite our sinfulness, we are saints in the sense that we belong to the community of people called to be saints.
Dr. Johnson quotes another author, sociologist Stephen Wilson: The saints are seen “as advocates pleading causes before a stern judge, as mediators, as go-betweens, as intriguers or wire-pullers at the court of heaven.” In this scheme of things the saints are arranged in a hierarchy, with Mary as the arch-intercessor.
The first was thinking of the saints as friends; the second was the medieval patronage model of saints in heaven; and finally the third brings the first and second together—saints are living in heaven and on earth.
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