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Encyclopedia > Communications in South Africa

Contents


Telephone

Telephones - main lines in use: The telephone or phone (Greek: tele = far away and phone = voice) is a telecommunications device which is used to transmit and receive sound (most commonly voice and speech) across distance. ...

4.844 million(2002)
over 5 million (2001)

Telephones - mobile cellular: Cellular redirects here. ...

18.0 million (2004) provided by three GSM networks, Vodacom [1], MTN South Africa [2] and Cell C [3]. MTN and Vodacom also support the UMTS 3G standard with Cell C expected to join them before the end of 2005.

Telephone system: Vodacom is a South African based mobile telecommunications company, and was the first mobile telecommunications company in South Africa. ... Mobile Telephone Networks (MTN) is aSouth African based multinational telecommunications company, currently operating in eightAfrican countries. ... Cell C is South Africas third mobile phone network operator, having commenced operations in November of 2001. ... Mobile Telephone Networks (MTN) is aSouth African based multinational telecommunications company, currently operating in eightAfrican countries. ... Vodacom is a South African based mobile telecommunications company, and was the first mobile telecommunications company in South Africa. ... Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) is one of the third-generation (3G) mobile phone technologies. ... 3G (or 3-G) is short for third-generation technology. ... Cell C is South Africas third mobile phone network operator, having commenced operations in November of 2001. ...

the landline system provided by Telkom [4] (which currently has a government-granted monopoly on land-lines) is the best developed and most modern in Africa

domestic: PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia, Tbk. ... In economics, a monopoly (from the Greek monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a kind of product or service. ...

consists of carrier-equipped open-wire lines, coaxial cables, microwave radio relay links, fiber-optic cable, radiotelephone communication stations, and wireless local loops; key centers are Bloemfontein, Cape Town, Durban, Johannesburg, Port Elizabeth, and Pretoria.

international: Coaxial cable is an electrical cable consisting of a round conducting wire, surrounded by an insulating spacer, surrounded by a cylindrical conducting sheath, and usually surrounded by a final insulating layer. ... Fiber Optic strands An optical fiber in American English or fibre in British English is a transparent thin fiber for transmitting light. ... Wireless local loop (WLL), also called radio in the loop (RITL) or fixed-radio access (FRA), is the use of wireless connection as the last mile for delivering plain old telephone service (POTS) to customers. ... Coat of arms of Bloemfontein Bloemfontein (Dutch for fountain of flowers) is one of South Africas three capital cities, along with Pretoria and Cape Town. ... City motto: Spes Bona (Latin: Good Hope) Province Western Cape Mayor Helen Zille Area  - % water 2,499 km² N/A Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Ranked 100th 2,893,251 1,158/km² Established 1652 Time zone SAST (UTC+2) Calling code 021 edit Cape Town (Afrikaans: Kaapstad /ˈkɑːpstÉ‘t... Central area of Durban Durban is a city in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa (29°53′S 31°03′E). ... City motto: Unity in Development Province Gauteng Mayor Amos Masondo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... Port Elizabeth is a city in South Africa, situated in the Eastern Cape Province, at 33°58′ S 25°36′ E. The city is located on Algoa Bay, and is one of the major seaports in South Africa. ... City motto: Praestantia Praevaleat Pretoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence) Province Gauteng Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ...

2 submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean and 2 Atlantic Ocean)

A submarine communications cable is a cable laid beneath the sea to carry telecommunications between countries. ... A satellite earth station is a communications facility with a microwave radio transmitting and receiving antenna and required receiving and transmitting equipment for communicating with satellites. ... Intelsat, Ltd. ...

Radio

Radio broadcast stations:

AM 14, FM 347 (plus 243 repeaters), shortwave 1 (1998)

Radios:

17 million (2001)

Television

Television broadcast stations:

556 (plus 144 network repeaters) (1997)(unknown source, only 4 available to public, SABC 1,2,3 and eTV)

Televisions:

6 million (2000)

Internet

Internet Service Providers (ISPs):

150 (2001)

Internet hosts:

288,633 (2003)

Internet users:

3.1 million (2002)

Broadband Internet: Although expensive compared to more developed nations, broadband is easily obtainable in South Africa. Fixed line options such as ADSL, ISDN, Diginet and Leased Lines are available from the national operator Telkom. Wireless options are available from Sentech[5],iBurst[6], Vodacom [7], MTN as well as Telkom. The third cellular operator Cell C is expected to launch an internet service near the end of 2005. Satellite options are available from both Sentech and Telkom. Broadband in general refers to data transmission where multiple pieces of data are sent simultaneously to increase the effective rate of transmission. ... Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) is a form of DSL, a data communications technology that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional modem can provide. ... ISDN is also short for isosorbide dinitrate Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) is a type of circuit switched telephone network system, designed to allow digital (as opposed to analog) transmission of voice and data over ordinary telephone copper wires, resulting in better quality and higher speeds, than available with analog... A leased line is a (usually) symmetric telecommunications line connecting two locations together. ... iBurst is a wireless broadband technology developed by Arraycom (http://www. ... Vodacom is a South African based mobile telecommunications company, and was the first mobile telecommunications company in South Africa. ... Mobile Telephone Networks (MTN) is aSouth African based multinational telecommunications company, currently operating in eightAfrican countries. ... Cell C is South Africas third mobile phone network operator, having commenced operations in November of 2001. ...


Wireless options start from R469 p/m on a 3GB cap ($70 - July 2005) while a more expensive 512 kbit/s ADSL connection on a 30GB cap would cost R900 ($135) or more depending on the provider used. Currently most of the wireless solutions are only available in major urban centres.


Second National Operator (SNO): A SNO is in the process of being licensed in South Africa, though the process so far has been rather slow and full of delays. It is expected that the SNO will be able to commence operations before the end of 2005 and that telecommunication costs in South Africa will drop once competition is introduced into the market. The bidding process was completed in early 2005 with Indian company Tata Africa taking the remaining 26% of the share. Other shareholders include state owned companies Eskom Telecommunication and Transtel jointly with 30%, Nexus Connexion with 19% and Communitel and Two Consortium with 12.5% each. The shareholders will control a new company called SepCo who in turn will control the still unnamed SNO.


See also

// First Telephone Call (Anybody know when and by whom?) First Mobile Phone Call Initiated by Vodacom, happened when? First Public Videoconference The first public videoconference between the continent of Africa and North America occured on June 24, 1995 (2:00-3:00 pm PST). ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
South Africa, South Africa maps, South Africa profile, South Africa economy, South Africa History, South Africa ... (129 words)
The South Africa map provides an extensive coverage of all the essential geographical and political features of the African nation.
Pretoria is the capital of the country.The Map of South Africa provides a comprehensive overview of the the most historically eminent and economically developed African nations.
The Map of South Africa indicates that the country ranks 25th in the world in terms of area and encompasses an area of 1,221,037 sq.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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