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Encyclopedia > Communications in Iran

The government runs the broadcast media, which includes three national radio stations and two national television networks, as well as dozens of local radio and television stations. In 2000 there were 252 radios and 158 television sets in use for every 1,000 residents. There were 219 telephone lines and 110 personal computers for every 1,000 residents. Computers for home use became more affordable in the mid-1990s, and since then demand for access to the Internet has increased. In 1998 the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications began selling Internet accounts to the general public.


In 2006, the Iranian telecom industry's revenues were estimated at $1.2 trillion or approximately 3 percent of the gross world product. [1]


This a list of communication means in the country of Iran. Look up Communication in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up country in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Contents

Press

The press in Iran is privately owned and reflects a diversity of political and social views. A special court has authority to monitor the print media and may suspend publication or revoke the licenses of papers or journals that a jury finds guilty of publishing antireligious material, slander, or information detrimental to the national interest. Since the late 1990s the court has shut down many pro-reform newspapers and other periodicals. Most Iranian newspapers are published in Persian, but newspapers in English and other languages also exist. The most widely circulated periodicals are based in Tehrān. Popular daily and weekly newspapers include Ettela’at, Kayhan, Resalat, and the Tehran Times (an English-language paper). Press is a general term having a number of related meanings stemming from the original definition of pressing as the physical action of applying force: Things relating to Metalworking: Machine press, a machine that shapes material by the application of pressure; Flypress, a machine that cuts material by pressing with...

See also: Iranian media

Persian (Iranian) media includes these medium: Iranian Newspapers Iranian News Agencies Persian blogs List of Iranian magazines This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ...

Telephone

Inadequate but currently being modernized and expanded with the goal of not only improving the efficiency and increasing the volume of the urban service but also bringing telephone service to several thousand villages, not presently connected The telephone or phone is a telecommunications device which is used to transmit and receive sound (most commonly voice and speech) across distance. ...


Domestic

As a result of heavy investing in the telephone system since 1994, the number of long thousands of mobile cellular subscribers are being served; moreover, the technical level of the system has been raised by the installation of thousands of digital swiches 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ...


International

HF radio and microwave radio relay to Turkey, Azerbaijan, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Syria, Kuwait, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan; submarine fiber-optic cable to UAE with access to Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG); Trans Asia Europe (TAE) fiber-optic line runs from Azerbaijan through the northern portion of Iran to Turkmenistan with expansion to Georgia and Azerbaijan; satellite earth stations - 9 Intelsat and 4 Inmarsat; full Internet service is available in all major cities and it is very rapidly increasing. Many small towns and even some villages now have full Internet access. High frequency (HF) radio frequencies are between 3 and 30 MHz. ... Fiber Optic strands An optical fiber in American English or fibre in British English is a transparent thin fiber for transmitting light. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... FLAG is a 28,000 kilometer long undersea fiber optic cable that connects England, Japan, and many places in between. ... Intelsat, Ltd. ... Inmarsat is an international telecommunications company founded in 1979, originally as an intergovernmental organization. ...


Statistics

  • Landlines: 18.986 million (2005)
  • Mobile: 7.222 million (2005) from 4.3 million in 2004

2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Radio

  • Radio broadcast stations: AM 72, FM 5, shortwave 5 (1998)
  • Number of Radios: 22 million (2005)

Television

  • Television broadcast stations: 28 (plus 450 low-power repeaters) (1997)
  • Number of Televisions: 15 million (2007 est.)
See also: List of Persian language television channels

This is a list of Persian language television channels: AFN TV[1] Appadana International[2] Channel One[3] Didar Global TV[4] Jaam-e Jam TV Channel[5] IPN[6] Channel 1 [7] Channel 2 [8] Channel 3 [9] Channel 4 [10] Tehran TV [11] Homa TV [12] Iranian Cinema...

Internet

The internet is being used in Iran more and more. The Internet has become an expanding means to accessing information and self-expression among the younger population. Iran is also the world's fourth largest country of bloggers. Blogging in Iran operates under special circumstances as the Iranian government tends to discourage self-expression. ...

  • Internet Service Providers (ISPs): numerous (2002)
  • Country code (Top-level domain): IR
  • Internet users: 17 million (2006)
See also: Broadband Internet access worldwide#Iran

This article or section may contain external links added only to promote a website, product, or service – otherwise known as spam. ...

Privatization

Based on Note C of the general policies of the constitution's Article 44, Ministry of Communications and Information Technology announced that it will float the shares of affiliated companies such as Mobile Telecommunications Company in the stock market.[2] Privatization (alternately denationalization or disinvestment) is the transfer of property or responsibility from the public sector (government) to the private sector (business). ...


Under the general policies of Article 44, telecom companies are categorized in four groups as follows:

  • Group One: Among the 30 provincial telecom networks, the fixed telecom networks pertain to those of Tehran, Isfahan, Fars, Hamedan, Ahvaz, Khorasan Razavi, Khuzestan and East Azarbaijan. The first group concerns fixed line telecom networks, including those in the public sector with 30 subsidiary telecom networks in provinces. The non-governmental sector includes companies such as Iraphone, Novin, Zahi Kish, Kouh-e Nour, Montazeran Adlgostar and Pouya Ertebat with each having hundreds of thousands of subscribers.
  • Group Two: The second group concerns mobile telephone networks. In the public sector, they include the Telecommunication Company of Iran (TCI). In the non-governmental sector, they include telecommunications companies such as Omran Kish, Isfahan, Rafsanjan Complex and Irancell.
  • Group Three: There is only one public network in the data network sector, namely Data and Telecommunications Company of Iran which is considered a basic telecom network in terms of mobile networks and Shomal IT Company. In the non-governmental sector, there are over 100 companies with a shared data network.
  • Group Four: The subsidiary telecom network named Subsidiary Telecommunications Company is another basic telecom network. They are completely owned by the state and not targeted for privatization.

Cellular redirects here. ... Telecommunication Company of Iran (TCI) was established in 1971 with a new organizational structure as the main responsible administration for the entire telecommunication affairs, and Iran Telecommunication Industries (ITI) was also founded in the same year to manufacture the required equipment for the national long-distance network. ... A computer network is a system for communication among two or more computers. ...

See also

Tafka is the first complete and countrywide plan for ICT (Information and Communications Technology) in Iran, the equivalent of NICTA, National ICT Agendas in some other countries. ... Telecommunication Company of Iran (TCI) was established in 1971 with a new organizational structure as the main responsible administration for the entire telecommunication affairs, and Iran Telecommunication Industries (ITI) was also founded in the same year to manufacture the required equipment for the national long-distance network. ... The Iran Electronics Industries (in Persian: صنایع الکترنیک ایران) also known as (صاایران) or (Sana-ey Electronik-e Iran) was established in Iran in 1972. ... The Shetab system is the only electronic banking clearance and automated payments system used in Iran. ... This page lists all the major Iranian companies operating inside and outside of Iran. ... // Railways total: 6,130 km broad gauge: 94 km 1. ... Persian (Iranian) media includes these medium: Iranian Newspapers Iranian News Agencies Persian blogs List of Iranian magazines This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... According to the Article 44 of Constitution, the economy of Iran is to consist of three sectors: state, cooperative, and private; and is to be based on systematic and sound planning. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.iran-daily.com/1385/2681/html/focus.htm
  2. ^ Iran-Daily: Privatization of Telecom Companies

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Iran - Wikinfo (3370 words)
The Islamic Republic of Iran is a country in the Middle East, in the southwest of Asia.
Iran's economy is a mixture of central planning, state ownership of oil and other large enterprises, village agriculture, and small-scale private trading and service ventures.
Iran's population size increased dramatically in the latter part of the 20th century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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