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Encyclopedia > Communications in India

For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. Efforts have been made from both governmental and non-governmental platforms to enhance the infrastructure. The idea is to help mordern telecommunication technology penetrate India’s socio-culturally diverse society, and to transform it into a nation of technology aware people.


Telephony Subscribers (Wireless and Landline): 183.53 millions (November 2006)[1]


Land Lines: 40.51 million


Cellphones: 143.02 million (November 2006)


Monthly Addition: 6.8 million (November 2006)


Teledensity: 16.6% (November 2006)


Telephone system: The telecommunications system in India is the fifth largest in the world and it was thrown open to private players in the 1990s. The country is divided into multiple zones, called circles (roughly along state boundaries). Government and several private players run local and long distance telephone services. Competition has caused prices to drop and calls across India are one of the cheapest in the world.[2] Germans dancing on the Berlin Wall in late 1989, the symbol of the cold war divide falls down as the world unites in the 1990s. ...


Landlines: Landline service in India is primarily run by BSNL/MTNL and Reliance Infocomm though there are several other private players too, such as Touchtel and Tata Teleservices. Landlines are facing stiff competition from mobile telephones. The competition has forced the landline services to become more efficient. The landline network quality has improved and landline connections are now usually available on demand, even in high density urban areas. Logo BSNL or Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited is Indias largest Communication Service Provider (CSP), and seventh largest in the world. ... The Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited is the government owned telephone service provider in the cities of Bombay, New Delhi and New Bombay in India. ... Reliance Infocomm is an Indian telecommunications company, and is the brainchild of Mukesh Ambani, CMD, Reliance Industries. ... Airtel comes from Bharti Cellular Limited - a part of the biggest private integrated telecom conglomerate, Bharti Enterprises. ... This article or section needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ...


Mobile Cellular: The mobile service has seen phenomenal growth since 2000. In September 2004, the number of mobile phone connections have crossed fixed-line connections. Currently there are an estimated 134.23 million mobile phone users in India compared to 40.75 million fixed line subscribers. India primarily follows the GSM mobile system, in the 900 MHz band. Recent operators also operate in the 1800 MHz band. The dominant players are Airtel, Reliance Infocomm, Hutch, Idea cellular and BSNL/MTNL. There are many smaller players, with operations in only a few states. International roaming agreements exist between most operators and many foreign carriers. This article is about the year 2000. ... Not to be confused with Get Some Mates The Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Bharti Televentures. ... Reliance Infocomm is an Indian telecommunications company, and is the brainchild of Mukesh Ambani, CMD, Reliance Industries. ... Hutch can refer to any of the following: A form of furniture A type of cage utilized primarily for housing domestic rabbits A character in the television series Starsky & Hutch Leslie Hutch Hutchinson, a popular singer of the 1930s Hutch, a cellular phone service provider in India Hutch is an... Idea cellular is a wireless telephony company operating from various cities in India. ... Logo BSNL or Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited is Indias largest Communication Service Provider (CSP), and seventh largest in the world. ... The Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited is the government owned telephone service provider in the cities of Bombay, New Delhi and New Bombay in India. ... Roaming is a general term in wireless telecommunications that refers to the extending of connectivity service in a location that is different from the home location where the service was registered. ...


Dialling System: On landlines, intra circle calls are considered local calls while inter circle are considered long distance calls. Currently Government is working to integrate the whole country in one telecom circle. For long distance calls, you dial the area code prefixed with a zero (e.g. For calling Delhi, you would dial 011-XXXX XXXX). For international calls, you would dial "00" and the country code+area code+number. The country code for India is 91.


There is a conversion process underway to make all numbers in India 10 digits long.


International

Intelsat, Ltd. ... Inmarsat is an international telecommunications company founded in 1979, originally as an intergovernmental organization. ... Mumbai (Marathi: मुंबई,IPA: , formerly known as Bombay, is the capital of the state of Maharashtra, and the most populous city of India, also it is the most populous city in the world with an estimated population of about 13 million (as of 2006). ... New Delhi   (Hindi: , Punjabi: , Urdu: ‎) is an urban area within the metropolis of Delhi, and the capital city of the Republic of India, as well as the seat of the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi. ...   (IPA: [] Bengali: কলকাতা) (formerly  ) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. ... Chennai   (Tamil: ), formerly known as Madras  , is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and is Indias fourth largest metropolitan city. ... Jalandhar   (Punjabi: ) is an ancient city in Jalandhar District in the state of Punjab, India. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Gandhinagar   (Gujarati: ગાંધીનગર, Hindi: गाँधीनगर) is the capital of Gujarat State, India. ... Hyderabad or Haydarābād (Telugu: హైదరాబాదు Urdu: حیدر آباد ) is the capital city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... The skyline of Ernakaulam Ernakulam (Malayalam : എറണാകുളം ) refers to the western part of the mainland of Kochi city in Kerala, India. ...

Submarine cables

    • LOCOM linking Chennai to Penang.
    • Indo-UAE-Gulf cable linking Mumbai to Al Fujayrah, UAE.
    • India-SEA-ME-WE-3, SEA-ME-WE-2 with landing sites at Cochin and Mumbai.
    • Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) with a landing site at Mumbai (2000).

Radio broadcast stations: AM 153, FM 91, shortwave 68 (1998) State motto: Bersatu dan Setia (United and Loyal), formerly Let Penang Lead Location in Malaysia Government Capital George Town (5. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Fujairah is an emirate of the United Arab Emirates. ... Kochi (Malayalam: കൊച്ചി []), formerly known as Cochin, is the largest city in the state of Kerala, India, and one of the principal seaports in the country. ... FLAG is a 28,000 kilometer long undersea fiber optic cable that connects England, Japan, and many places in between. ... [[Amplitude modulation]] (AM) is a technique used in electronic communication, most commonly for transmitting information via a carrier wave wirelessly. ... Frequency modulation (FM) is a form of modulation which represents information as variations in the instantaneous frequency of a carrier wave. ... A solid-state, analog shortwave receiver Shortwave radio operates between the frequencies of 2,310 kHz and 30 MHz (30,000 kHz) [1] and came to be referred to as such in the early days of radio because the wavelengths associated with this frequency range were shorter than those commonly...


Radios: 116 million (1997)


Television terrestrial broadcast stations: 562 (of which 82 stations have 1 kW or greater power and 480 stations have less than 1 kW of power) (1997)


Televisions: 110 million (2006)


In India, only the government owned Doordarshan (Door = Distant = Tele, Darshan == Vision) is allowed to broadcast terrestrial television signals. It initially had one major National channel (also known as DD1) and a Metro channel in some of the larger cities (also known as DD2). nikatdarshan () is a Public broadcast Terrestrial television channel run by Prasar Bharati, a board nominated by the Government of India. ...


Satellite/Cable television took off during the first Gulf War with CNN. There are no regulations against ownership of dish antennas, or operation of cable television systems, which led to an explosion of viewership and channels, led by the Star TV group and Zee TV. Initially restricted to music and entertainment channels, viewership grew, giving rise to several channels in regional languages and many in the national language, Hindi. The main news channels available were CNN and BBC World. In the late 1990s, many current affairs and news channels sprouted, becoming immensely popular because of the alternative viewpoint they offered compared to Doordarshan. Some of the notable ones are Aaj Tak (means Till Today, run by the India Today group) and Star News, initially run by the NDTV group and their charismatic lead anchor, Prannoy Roy (NDTV now has its own channels, NDTV 24x7, NDTV Profit and NDTV India). Combatants UN Coalition Republic of Iraq Commanders Norman Schwarzkopf Saddam Hussein Strength 660,000 360,000 Casualties 378 dead, 1,000 wounded 25,000 dead, 75,000 wounded The Gulf War ( 2 August 1990 – 28 February 1991 ) was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of approximately 30 nations... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Zee TV is an India-based satellite television channel in the Zee Network umbrella, which carries broadcasts in Hindi and Urdu. ... A regional language is a language spoken in a part of a country - it may be a small area, a federal state or province, or a wider area. ... Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी or हिंदी; IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is the official language of the Union government of India [1][2]. It is part of a dialect continuum of the Indic family, bounded on the northwest and west by Punjabi, Sindhi, Urdu, and Gujarati... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... BBC World is the BBCs 24-hour international, news and information television channel, launched in January 1995. ... Aaj Tak is a 24-hour Hindi news television channel in India. ... India Today is one of the Indias best-selling and most widely circulated weekly magazines, and is run by Aroon Purie. ... NDTV (New Delhi Television Limited) (founded in 1988) is one of Indias largest television production houses. ... Prannoy Roy (born on October 15, 1949) is an Indian media figure. ... NDTV (New Delhi Television Limited) (founded in 1988) is one of Indias largest television production houses. ...


Here is a reasonably comprehensive List of Indian television stations. This is a list of Indian television stations: // DoorDarshan - Indias state owned television network, it is usually referred to as DD. The network is currently comprised of 22 channels including varoius regional channels and channels that operate nationally: National Networks DD-Bharati - Entertainment channel focusing on Dance, music, cultural...


Internet Users: 50,600,000 (December 2005) Source: Internet World Stats


Broadband Subscribers: Broadband in India is defined as 256Kbps and above by the government regulator. Total subscribers were 2 Million (November 2006) Source: TRAI The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India or TRAI (established 1997) is the independent regulator established by the Government of India to regulate the telecommunications business in India. ...


Internet Service Providers (ISPs) & Hosts: 86,571 (2004) Source: CIA World FactBook


Country code (Top-level domain): IN


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Communications in India (1157 words)
To call India from abroad, dial the international access code, followed by 91 for India, the local code minus the initial zero, then the number you want.
It's worth investigating costs before deciding to take your mobile to India, but bear in mind that it may be useful in an emergency.
Mail can take anything from three days to four weeks to get to or from India, depending largely on where you are; ten days is about the norm.
Article about "India" in the English Wikipedia on 24-Apr-2004 (2958 words)
India is also known as Hindustan (the land of the Hindus), though its use as an indicator of the nation is debated.
India's bicameral parliament consists of the upper house called 'The Council of States' (Rajya Sabha) and the lower House called 'The House of the People' (Lok Sabha), both of which were established by the Constitution of India.
India is home to several major rivers such as the Ganga (anglicized to Ganges), the Brahmaputra, the Yamuna, the Godavari and the Krishna.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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