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Encyclopedia > Communes in France
This article is part
of the series:
Administrative divisions of France
Regional level
Régions d'outre-mer
Departmental level
Départements d'outre-mer
Arrondissement level
Cantonal level
Communal level
Communautés urbaines
Communautés d'agglomération
Communautés de communes
Syndicats d'agglomération nouvelle
Syndicats de communes
Collectivités d'outre-mer
Collectivité sui generis
Pays d'outre-mer
Territoire d'outre-mer
Scattered Islands
Clipperton Island

The commune is an administrative division of France. The rights and obligations of communes are governed by the Code général des collectivités territoriales (CGCT) which replaced the Code des communes (except for personnel matters) with the passage of the law of 21 February 1996 for legislation and decree number 2000-318 of 7 April 2000 for regulations.

  • [1] (http://www.droit.org/code/index-CGCTERRL.html) Partie législative.
  • [2] (http://www.droit.org/code/index-CGCTERRM.html) Partie réglementaire.


A commune is governed by a municipal council and a mayor (maire). The seat of the council is the hôtel de ville or mairie (French terms for City Hall).

Number and location

As of January 1, 2004, there is a total of 36,782 communes in France:

  • Metropolitan (i.e. European) France is divided into 36,568 communes


INSEE codes: INSEE gives numerical indexing codes to various entities in France, notably the communes (they do not coincide with postcodes). The 'complete' code has 8 digits and 3 spaces within, but there is a popular 'simplified' code with 5 digits and no space within :

See also

  Results from FactBites:
Communications in France - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (160 words)
Radio broadcast stations: AM 41, FM about 3,500 (this figure is an approximation and includes many repeaters), shortwave 2 (1998)
Communications in France - at Discover France (English)
This page was last modified 19:37, 17 January 2006.
  More results at FactBites »



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