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Encyclopedia > Commune (subnational entity)

A commune is an administrative subdivision of various European and African countries, including Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Poland, Romania, Senegal, and the Scandinavian countries. Within its territory it is the modern heir of the Medieval commune. World map showing location of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ... Africa is the worlds second-largest continent and second most populous. ... Scandinavia, Fennoscandia, and the Kola Peninsula. ... Defensive towers at San Gimignano, Tuscany, bear witness to the factional strife within communes. ...

It's sometimes translated as municipality and corresponds to individual villages, towns, cities, or groupings of hamlets, governed by a mayor and a city/municipal council. A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... A mayor (from the Latin maīor, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ...

See also

In Italy, the commune (comune, plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township. ... The commune (in French: commune, word appeared in the 12th century, from Medieval Latin communia, gathering of people sharing a common life, from Latin communis, things held in common) is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... Gmina is the principal unit (lowest level) of the territorial division in Poland, and is equivalent to a commune or municipality. ... A commune (comună in Romanian) is, along with the municipality, the lowest level of administrative subdivision in Romania. ... Denmark is divided into 13 counties (amter), and 271 municipalities (kommuner). ... Norway is divided into 19 administrative regions, called counties (fylker, singular - fylke), and 433 municipalities (kommuner). ...

Subnational entity
Banner | Borough | Canton | Circuit | City | Commune | County | Council | Department | District | Division | Dominion | Duchy | Governorate | Hamlet | Municipality | Neighbourhood | Parish | Prefecture | Province | Region | Republic | State | Territory | Town | Township | Village
Autonomous: banner | city | community | county | prefecture | province | region | republic | ward
Civil: parish | township
Federal: district
Local: council
Metropolitan: borough | county
Rural: council | district | municipality
Urban: district
edit See also: List of subnational entities, Matrix of subnational entities

  Results from FactBites:
Commune (subnational entity) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (193 words)
A commune is an administrative subdivision of various European (including Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Poland, Romania, and the Scandinavian countries), South American (Chile, Argentina, Bolivia, Peru, Uruguay, Paraguay, Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, among others) and African countries, notably Senegal (formerly administered by France).
Within its territory it is the modern heir of the medieval commune.
Commune is sometimes translated as "municipality"' or "township".
  More results at FactBites »



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