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Encyclopedia > Commonwealth Police

The Commonwealth Police was the national police / federal police agency for the Commonwealth of Australia. It was formed in December 1919 in accordance with the Crimes Act 1914 and the War Precautions Regulations 1917. It was given authority to investigate violations of Commonwealth law to include security intelligence. It also provided community policing services for the Northern Territory and Christmas Island. Later in 1919 it was merged with the Special Investigations Branch to become the Commonwealth Investigations Branch or CIB within the Commonwealth Attorney-General's Department. In 1949 its security duties were spun off and became the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation. Under the Commonwealth Police Act, 1960 it was renamed the Commonwealth Police and opened offices in all the Australian state capitals. In 1975 it was renamed the Australia Police and in late 1975 reverted back to Commonwealth Police. In 1979 it was amalgamated with the ACT Police and the Federal Bureau of Narcotics to become the Australian Federal Police or AFP. In 1984 the protective services were split off and became the Australian Protective Service which were re-amalgamated on 1 July 2004. National police are the primary source of law enforcement activities in some countries, such as Italy, France and Japan, and are organised on a national basis. ... Federal police agencies are responsible for the enforcement of federal laws in countries with a federal constitution. ... Community policing is a political philosophy in which the police and police department are seen as members of the community, with police officers being part of where they live and work. ... Emblems: Sturts Desert Rose (floral) Motto: None Slogan or Nickname: The Territory, The NT, The Top End Other Australian states and territories Capital Darwin Government Const. ... Special Branch is the arm of the British, Irish and many Commonwealth police forces that deals with national security matters. ... The official crest of ASIO The ASIO logo The Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (ASIO) is the domestic security agency of Australia which is responsible for the protection of the country and its citizens from espionage, sabotage (especially sabotage of critical infrastructure), politically motivated violence, attacks on the Australian defence system... Austalian Capital Territory Police or ACT Police provices community policing services for the Australian Capital Territory. ... The Australian Federal Police (AFP) is the federal or Commonwealth police force of Australia. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


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Constable - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2188 words)
A constable is a police officer in the United Kingdom and most countries with a British colonial history (now mostly members of the Commonwealth of Nations).
It also means that all sworn police officers of all ranks in these countries legally are constables, since it is from this office that they derive their powers, although the term usually refers to a police officer who holds no rank.
In the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the office of constable is mandated in the state constitution.
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