FACTOID # 11: Oklahoma has the highest rate of women in State or Federal correctional facilities.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Common phrases in different languages

Here is a list of common phrases in different languages.


It is possible for tourists in a country whose language they do not understand to get along with a surprisingly short list of phrases, combined with pointing, miming, and writing down numbers on paper.


You are invited to add more languages to the list. Please use the minimum number of words that would be understandable and put the pronunciation in slashes according to IPA transcription if possible. If desired, also add a pseudo-English pronunciation guide for those not familiar with SAMPA or IPA. However, actual pronunciations of the pseudo-English spellings will vary from speaker to speaker. Enclose the "spelling guide" in parentheses, separate syllables with dashes, use English words that sound like the syllables if possible, and render the stressed syllable in ALL CAPS.


The language family of every language is listed in parentheses.

Contents

1.1 English (Germanic)
1.2 Afrikaans (Germanic)
1.3 Albanian (Albanian)
1.4 Arabic (Semitic)
1.5 Bangla language (Indo-Aryan)
1.6 Basque
1.7 Belarusian (Slavic)
1.8 Bosnian (Slavic)
1.9 Breton (Celtic)
1.10 Bulgarian (Slavic)
1.11 Catalan (Romance)
1.12 Chinese, Cantonese (Sinitic)
1.13 Chinese, Mandarin (Sinitic)
1.14 Chinese, Shanghainese (Sinitic)
1.15 Chinese, Taiwanese (Sinitic)
1.16 Croatian (Slavic)
1.17 Czech (Slavic)
1.18 Danish (Germanic)
1.19 Dutch (Germanic)
1.20 Esperanto (International Auxiliary Language)
1.21 Estonian (Finno-Ugric)
1.22 Finnish (Finno-Ugric)
1.23 French (Romance)
1.24 Frisian (Germanic)
1.25 German (Germanic)
1.26 Greek (Greek)
1.27 Hawaiian (Malayo-Polynesian)
1.28 Hebrew (Semitic)
1.29 Urdu/Hindi language (Indo-Iranian)
1.30 Hungarian (Finno-Ugric)
1.31 Icelandic (Germanic)
1.32 Indonesian (Malayo-Polynesian)
1.33 Irish (Celtic)
1.34 Italian (Romance)
1.35 Japanese
1.36 Kannada (Dravidian)
1.37 Khmer
1.38 Korean
1.39 Latin (Italic)
1.40 Lithuanian (Baltic)
1.41 Low Saxon (Germanic)
1.42 Maltese (Semitic)
1.43 Malay (Malayo-Polynesian)
1.44 Maori (Malayo-Polynesian)
1.45 Malayalam (Dravidian languages)
1.46 Marathi (Indian languages)
1.47 Nahuatl (Uto-Aztecan)
1.48 Nigerian pidgin (English-based pidgin)
1.49 Norwegian (Germanic) - Bokml
1.50 O'odham (Uto-Aztecan)
1.51 Pennsylvania German, Pennsylvania Dutch (Germanic)
1.52 Polish (Slavic)
1.53 Portuguese (Romance)
1.54 Romanian (Romance)
1.55 Russian (Slavic)
1.56 Sanskrit (Indo-Iranian)
1.57 Sardinian (Romance)
1.58 Scots (Germanic)
1.59 Scottish Gaelic (Celtic)
1.60 Serbian (Slavic)
1.61 Slovak (Slavic)
1.62 Slovene (Slavic)
1.63 Spanish (Romance )
1.64 Swahili (Bantu)
1.65 Swedish (Germanic)
1.66 Tagalog / Filipino (Malayo-Polynesian)
1.67 Tamil (Dravidian)

Examples

English (Germanic)

As a sample, here's English, according to British Received Pronunciation, followed by American English/Standard American English, if different:

translation phrase IPA
English: English /ˈɪŋˌglɪʃ/
hello: hello UK /hɛˌˈləʊ/ US /hɛˌˈloʊ/
good-bye: good-bye /gʊdˌˈbaɪ/
please: please /pliːz/
thank you: thank you /ˈθŋk juː/
sorry: sorry UK /ˈsɒɹi/ US /ˈsɔːɹi/
that one: that one /ˈt wʌn/
how much?: how much /haʊ ˈmʌʧ/
yes: yes /jɛs/
no: no UK /nəu/ US /noʊ/
I don't understand: I don't understand UK /aɪ ˈdəʊnt ʌnˌdəˌˈstnd/ US /aɪ ˈdoʊnt ʌnˌdɚˌˈstnd/
Where's the bathroom?: Where's the bathroom UK /wɛəz ə ˈbɑːθˌɹʊm/ US /wɛɹz ə bθˌɹum/
generic toast: bottoms up! UK /bɒtˌəmz ˈʌp/ US /bɑːˌɾəmz ˈʌp/
Do you speak English?: Do you speak English? /duː juː spiːk ˈɪŋglɪʃ/

Afrikaans (Germanic)

translation phrase IPA
Afrikaans: Afrikaans /aːfrɪkaːns/
hello: hallo /hɑloˌ/
How are you? hoe gaan dit? /huˌ xaˌn dɪt/
good day: goeie dag /xuˌjə dɑx/
good morning: goeie more /xuˌjə mɔˌrə/
good-bye: totsiens /tɔʦiˌns/
please: asseblief /ɑsəbliˌf/
thank you: dankie /dɑŋkiˌ/
sorry: dit spyt my /dɪt spejt mej/
that one: daardie /diˌ/
how much?: hoeveel /huˌfeˌl/
yes: ja /jaˌ/
no: nee /neˌ/
I don't understand: ek verstaan nie /ɛk fərstaˌn niˌ/
Where's the bathroom?: waar is die toilet /βaˌr ɪs diˌ tojlɪt/
generic toast: gesondheid! /xəsɔntejt/
English: Engels /ɛŋgəls/

Albanian (Albanian)

  • Albanian: shqip /ʃkʲip}/ (shkEEp) (listen)
  • hello: tungjatjeta (abrev. tung) /tungʲatjɛta/ (tUhn-ngIAt-IEta) (listen)
  • good-bye: mirupafshim /mirupafʃim/ (mEEr-Uh-oA-fshEEm) (listen)
  • please: ju lutem /ju lutɛm/ (iU LU-tehm) (listen)
  • thank you: faleminderit /faʟɛmindɛrit/ (fAh-leh-mEE-nde-rEEt) (listen)
  • that one: at /atə/ (ATEH) (listen)
  • how much? sa sht? /sa əʃtə/ (sAh ush-te) (listen)
  • English: anglisht /angliʃt/ (ahn-GLEE-sht) (listen)
  • yes: po /po/ (POE) (listen)
  • no: jo /jo/ (IOH) (listen)
  • sorry: m fal /mə fal/ (mUh FAL) (listen)
  • I don't understand: nuk kuptoj /nuk kuptoj/ (nUhk KUP-toi) (listen)
  • where's the bathroom?: ku sht banjoja? /ku əʃtə baɲoja/ (kuh ush-tEh bA-nio-jA) (listen)
  • generic toast: gzuar /gəzuar/ (gUh-zuh-ar) (listen)
  • Do you speak English?: flisni Anglisht? /flisni angliʃt/ (flee-snEE ahn-GLEE-sht) (listen)
Note: All the sounds above are in the Ogg Vorbis format.

Arabic (Semitic)

Note that this is relevant only to Modern Standard Arabic and not to the colloquial forms of Arabic spoken in daily life, which vary from place to place. Also, some of the following expressions were written only to suit a male speaker.


Pronunciation guide: Stress in Arabic is most often on the penult syllable (i.e., the one preceding the last).

  • Arabic: العربيّة /alʕaraˈbijja/ (al-ara'bijja)
  • Hello: مرحبًا /marˈħaba/ (mar'Haba)
  • Good-bye: إلى اللقاء /ilalliˈqaʔ/ (ila-lli'qa')
  • Please: من فضلك /min ˈfadˁlak/ (min 'fad/lak)
  • Thank you: شكرًا /ˈʃukran/ ('Sukran)
  • That one: ذلك /ˈalika/ ('Dalika)
  • How much?: كمْ؟ /kam/ (kam)
  • English: الإنجليزيّة /alʔinʤliˈzijja/ (formal), /alʔingliˈzijja/ (colloquial) (al-ingli'zijja)
  • Yes: نعم /ˈnaʕam/ ('na-am)
  • No: لا /laː/ (la:)
  • Where's the bathroom?: أين الحمّام؟ /ʔejnalħamˈmaːm/ (einal-Ham'ma:m)
  • What is your name?: ما إسمك؟ /ˈmaː ʔismuk/ ('ma: ismuk)
  • Goodbye: مع السلام /maʕa ssaˈlaːma/ (ma-a ssa'la:ma)
  • I don't know: لا أعرف /laː ˈʕarifu/ (la: 'aarifu)
  • I don't understand: لا أفهم /laː ˈʔafham/ (la: 'afham)
  • I don't remember: لا أتذكر /laː ʔataˈakkar/ (la: ata'Dakkar)
  • Welcome: أهلاً وسهلاً بكم /ˈahlan waˈsahlan ˈbikum/ ('ahlan wa'sahlan 'bikum)
  • I am sick: أنا مريض /ʔana maˈriːdˁ/ ('ana ma'ri:d/)
  • Hello: لسلام عليكم! /assaˈlaːm ʕaˈlejkum/ (assa'la:m aa'lejkum)
  • Hello (response), how are you?: وعليكم السلام! كيف الحال؟ /waʕaˈlejkumu ssaˈlaːm. kejfa lħaːl/ (wa-a'lejkumu ssa'la:m. kejfa lHa:l)
  • Fine, and you?: بخير، الحمد لله. وكيف أنت؟ /biˈxejrin, alˈħamdu lilˁˈlˁahi. waˈkejfa ʔint/ (bi'xejrin, al'Hamdu lil/'l/ahi. wa'kejfa int)

Bangla language (Indo-Aryan)

Pronunciation guide: Small letter t and d represents unaccented t and d pronunciations as in French. Capital letter T and D represent accented pronunciations in English. 'a' is pronounced as 'a' in 'father'. Small letter 'o' represents 'o' as in 'old' and capital letter 'O' shows 'o' as in 'God'.

  • hello: assalamwalaikum(Muslims) or nOmoshkar(Hindus)
  • good morning: suprobhat (not commonly used)
  • greetings: shubhech-chha
  • how are you?: (apni) kemon achhen?
  • how is it going?: ki khobor?
  • good-bye: khoda hafez/nOmoshkar
  • see you later: pOre dekha hObe
  • talk to you later: pOre kOtha hObe
  • see you again: abar dekha hObe
  • adieu: biday
  • please: dOya kore or onugroho purbok(very formal)
  • thank you: dhonnobad
  • sorry: duk-khito
  • English: ingreji
  • nice/good: bhalo/besh
  • bad: baje
  • that one: oiTa/oTa
  • how much does this cost?: eiTar dam kOto?
  • how much does that cost?: oiTar dam kOto?
  • what is your name?: apnar nam ki?
  • I can't understand: ami bujhte parchhi na
  • can u help me?: apni ki amake shahaj-jo korte paren?
  • I don't know: ami jani na
  • I don't speak Bangla: ami bangla bolte pari na
  • I don't understand Bangla: ami bangla bujhi na
  • do you speak English?: apni ki ingreji bolte paren?
  • could you repeat what you just said?: doya kore abar bolben ki? or doya kore arekbar ektu bolun
  • yes: hai(informal) or ji/ji hai(formal)
  • no: na(informal) or ji na(formal)
  • what?: ki?
  • how?: kibhabe?

Basque

translation phrase IPA
Basque: Euskara /ewskaɾa/
hello: kaixo /kajʃ̺o/
good-bye: agur /aguɾ/
please: mesedez /mesedes̺/
thank you: eskerrik asko /eskerikasko/
that one: hori /hoɾi/
how much?: zenbat /s̺enbat/
yes: bai /baj/
no: ez /es̺/
English: Ingelesa /ingelesa/

Belarusian (Slavic)

  • Belarusian: Беларускі (bye-lah-ROOH-skee)
  • hello: прывітанне (pree-vee-TAHN-nye)
  • good-bye: да пабачэння (duh puh-buh-CHEN-nyuh)
  • please: калі ласка (kuh-LEE LUS-kuh)
  • thank you: дзякуй (DZYUH-kooy)
  • sorry: выбачайце (vee-buh-CHUY-tsye)
  • that one: той, тая, тое (TOY, TUY-uh, TOY-eh)
  • how much?: колькі? (KOL-kee)
  • yes: так (TUHK)
  • no: не (NYE)
  • I don't understand: Не разумею (nye ruh-zoo-MEY-ooh)
  • where's the bathroom?: дзе туалет? (dzye too-uh-LET)
  • generic toast: за здароуе (zuh zduh-ROW-yeh)
  • Do you speak English?: Ці размауляеце па-англійску? (tsee ruz-muw-LYUY-et-eh puh un-GlEEY-skoo)

Bosnian (Slavic)

  • Bosnian: bosanski
  • hello: zdravo, merhaba, selam
  • good-bye: doviđenja, alahimanet
  • please: molim
  • thank you: hvala
  • sorry: oprostite
  • that one: to, taj
  • how much: koliko?
  • English: engleski
  • yes: da
  • no: ne
  • I don't understand: ne razumijem
  • Where is the bathroom: Gdje je WC?
  • generic toast: na zdravlje (to our health)
  • Do you speak English: Govorite li engleski?

Breton (Celtic)

translation phrase IPA
Breton: Breton /"bʁetɔ̃n/
hello: salud /"saːlyt/
good-bye: kenavo /kenaˈvoː/
please: mar plij /maʁ pliʃ/
thank you: trugarez /tʁyˈgaːʁɛs/
sorry: digarez /diˈgaʁɛs/
that one: hennezh /ˈennɛs/
how much?: pegement /peˈgemɛn/
yes: ya /ja/
no: nann /nn/
I don't understand: Ne gomprenan ket /ne gɔ̃mpʁenn ket/
Where's the bathroom?: Pelec'h ema ar sal dour ? /peˈlɛx ema aʁ zal duʁ/
generic toast: yec'hed mat ! /jehɛt mat/
Do you speak English?: Kaozeal a rit saozneg? /kozeal a ʁit saoznɛk/

Bulgarian (Slavic)

  • здравей (zdravei) - hello
  • здрасти (zdrasti) - hello (informal)
  • Добро утро (dobro utro) - good morning
  • Добър ден (dober den) - good day
  • Добър вечер (dober vecher) - good evening
  • Лека нощ (leka nosht) - good night
  • Довиждане (dovijdane) - good bye
  • Как си (kak si) - how are you
  • Добре съм (dobre sum) - I'm fine
  • Къде е тоалетната? (k'deh e twaletnata?) - Where is the toilet?
  • Всичко най-хубаво (vsichko nai-hubavo) - all the best
  • Поздрави (pozdravi) - regards
  • Благодаря (blagodaria) - thank you
  • Честит рожден ден! (chestit rojden den) - happy birthday
  • Български език (balgarski ezik) - Bulgarian language
  • да (da) - yes
  • не (ne) - no
  • разбира се (razbira se) - of course
  • Влезте, моля! (vlezte molya) - Please, enter! (formal [2p. plural])
  • Влез! (vlez) - Enter! (informal [2p. singular])

Catalan (Romance)

translation phrase IPA
Catalan: Catal /kətəˈlɑ/
hello: hola /ˈɔlə/
good-bye: adu /əˈɛw/
please: si us plau /sisˈplɑw/
thank you: grcies; mercs /ˈgrɑsjəs/; /mərˈsɛs/
sorry: perd /pərˈɔ/
that one: aquest (m.); aquesta (f.) /əˈkɛt/; /əˈkɛstə/
how much?: quant val; quant es /ˈkwɑmˈbɑl/; /ˈkwɑnˈtəs/
yes: s /ˈsɪ/
no: no /ˈno/
I don't understand: No ho entenc /ˈno wənˈteŋ/
Where's the bathroom?: On s el bany?; on es el labavo? /ˈonˈezəlˈβaɲ/; /ˈonˈɛzəlˈləˈβɑβu/
generic toast: Salut! /səˈlut/
Do you speak English?: Que parla angls? /kə ˈpɑrlə ənˈglɛs/
Do you speak Catalan?: Que parla catal? /kə ˈpɑrlə kətəˈlɑ/

Chinese, Cantonese (Sinitic)

Note: tone 1 is high and level; 2 is high and rising; 3 is high and falling; 4 is low and level; 5 is low and rising, 6 is low and falling. For more info, see Cantonese or Jyutping. The characters shown are traditional ones. IPA and Jyutping are used.

  • Cantonese: 廣東話 (gwɔŋ2dəʊŋ1wɑ2, gwohng2doung1waa2)
  • Hello: 你好 (neɪ5həʊ2, nei5hou2)
  • Bye: 拜拜 (baɪ1baɪ3, bai1bai3), 再見 (dzɔɪ3gɪn3, dzoi3gin3)
  • Thank you: 多謝 (dɔ1dzɛ3, doh1dze3), 唔該 (ŋ4ɡɔɪ1, ng4goi1)
  • English: 英文 (jɪŋ1mɐn2, jɪŋ1mɐn4, ying1man2, ying1man4)
  • Yes/No: 係/唔係 (ŋ4hɐɪ3, ng4hai3)

Chinese, Mandarin (Sinitic)

Note: tone 1 (e.g. mā) is high and level; 2 (e.g., m) is rising; 3 (e.g., mǎ) is low dipping; 4 (e.g., m) is falling. For more info, see pinyin. Also note that the first set of characters preceding the slashes are in simplified Chinese characters and the ones following the slashes are in traditional characters. If the simplified- and traditional-character versions of a phrase are identical, only one phrase is shown.

  • Mandarin Chinese: 普通话 / 普通話 (pǔtōnghu) [pʰ tʰʊ̋ŋ xwɑ̂] (poo-toong-hwa) or 国语 / 國語 (guyǔ) [kwɔ̌ jỳ] (gwo yew)
  • hello: 你好 (n hǎo) [nǐ xw] (knee-how)
  • good-bye: 再见 / 再見 (zijin) [tsj ʨjɛ̂n] (dzai-jyen)
  • please: 请 / 請 (qǐng) [ʨʰŋ] (cheeng)
  • thank you: 谢谢 / 謝謝 (xixie) [ɕjɛ̂-ɕjɛ̂] (shyeh-shyeh)
  • that one: 那个 / 那個 (nige) [nêj gə] (nay guh)

(Usage Note: The second syllable of "nige" is actually a generic measure word; it is replaced by the appropriate measure word for the noun it refers to. You may therefore hear a number of different syllables after the initial ni. In many parts of southern China, ni is also pronounced n.)

  • how much?: 多少 (duōshǎo) [twɔ̋ ʂw] (dwo shahw)
  • English: 英文 (Yīngwn) [jɪ̋ŋ wə̌n] (ing one)
  • yes: 是 (sh) /ʂɻ̂/ (sher as in sherpa)

(Usage Note: This actually means "it is" and can only be used in an answer to a question with the verb "to be". Languages like Chinese, Irish, Toki Pona, and Welsh do not have words for "yes" or "no". Instead you repeat the main verb of the question in your answer. However, shaking your head in affirmation or negation works as expected, with the exception of answers to negative questions, in which usage is inverted: ie, answering in the negative to "You don't like him?" would indicate that you do like him.)

  • no: 不 (b) [p] (boo)
  • where's the toilet?: 厕所在哪里 / 廁所在哪裏 (csuǒ zi nlǐ?) [tsʰɤ̂ swɔ̀ tsj nɑ̌ l] (tsuh swo dzai nah lee?) -- Not the politest, but you'll get your point across!
  • generic toast: 干杯 / 乾杯 (gān bēi) [ka̋n pe̋j] (gahn bay)

Chinese, Shanghainese (Sinitic)

translation Romanization A Romanization B IPA
Shanghainese: Zanhewo (English z) Shanghaieau /zɑ̃hɛ ɛ̤ʊ̤/
hello: non ho nonho /nõ hɔː/
good-bye: tzwe zwei (German z) /ˈtsɛwɛ/
please: tschin cin /ʧʰin/
thank you: jaja non (French j) jaja non /ʒaja nõ/
sorry: teiverchi deivecie /tɛvɐˑʧʰi/
that one: tzach ze /ˈɛtsɐʔ/
over there: mitach miedag /ˈɛmitɐʔ/
how much?: Cidi? Giedied? /ʧidi/
yes: h ai /ˈɛ/
no: mmer, vio mme, vio /m̩mɐʔ/, /viɔ/
home: Ollishan Ogliechan /oˑɺiʃɑ̃/
Where's the bathroom?: Tsisuke laeler litach? Cysougei legle aliedag? /tsʰlsɯkɛ ɺɐˑɺɐʔ a̤ɺitɐʔ/
English: nven Engven /ˈinvən/
Do you speak English?: Non nven weiter kanre va? Non Engven weide ganre va? /nõ ˈinvən wɛtɐʔ kãː va/
I love you: Wo ei non. Au aire non. /ʊ̤ ɛː nõ/
I adore you: Wo eimor non. Au aimor non. /ʊ̤ ɛmoʔ nõ/
I adore you so: Wo eimosser non. Au aimorsag non. /ʊ̤ ɛmoˑsɐʔ nõ/
I like you a lot: Wo lo hushi non ch. Au lo heuchie non e. /ʊ̤ ɺɔː ˈhʃi nõ ɐ̤ʔ/


Unlike Mandarin and Cantonese, Shanghainese actually has the direct "yes" (h/ai) similar to English.


Chinese, Taiwanese (Sinitic)

The Han characters provided below are for reference only. They are not necessarily standard.

  • Taiwanese: 臺灣話 Ti-on-oē, Hō-l-oē
  • hello: 食飽未 Chia̍h p boeh? (literally, Have you eaten yet?)
  • goodbye: 平安 png-an (literally, Peace," can also be used as a greeting. Note this is primarily Christian usage.)
  • please: 拜託 pi-thok
  • thank you: 多謝 To-siā
  • that one: 彼個 hit-
  • how much?: 若濟 goā choē?
  • yes: 是 sī
  • no: 唔是 m̄-sī
  • sorry: 歹勢 phiⁿ-s (literally means, "embarrassed". Or, more formally: 失禮 sit-le)
  • I don't understand what is said: 我聽無 Go thiaⁿ b
  • where's the bathroom?: 便所佇叨 Piān-s tī toh?
  • cheers!: Hō ta lah! (literally, Let it [the cup/glass] be dry [empty]!)
  • do you speak English?: L km kng Eng-bn?

Croatian (Slavic)

  • Croatian: hrvatski
  • hello: bog (bok), dobar dan
  • good-bye: doviđenja
  • please: molim
  • thank you: hvala
  • that one: to, taj
  • how much: koliko?
  • English: engleski
  • yes: da
  • no: ne
  • generic toast: u zdravlje (to your health), živjeli ([may you] live)
  • I don't understand: Ne razumijem
  • Where is the bathroom: Gdje je WC?
  • Do you speak English: Govorite li engleski?

Czech (Slavic)

  • Czech: Česky (CHEHskee) /ʧɛski/
  • hello: dobr den (DObree den) /dobriː dɛn/ Literal translation: good day
  • good-bye: na shledanou (na sKHLEdanow) /na sxlɛdanou/
  • please: prosm (PROseem) /prosiːm/
  • thank you: děkuji vm (DYEkooyi vam) /ɟɛkuji vaːm/
  • that one: tamten (tamten) /tamten/
  • how much?: kolik (KOlik) /kolik/
  • English: anglicky (anglytskee) /angliʦki/
  • yes: ano /ɑno/
  • no: ne /ne/
  • sorry: promiňte /promiɲte/
  • generic toast: Na zdrav /na zdraviː/
  • I don't understand: Nerozumm /nɛrozumiːm/
  • Where's the bathroom?: Kde je toaleta? /gdɛ jɛ toaleta/
  • Do you speak English?: Mluvte anglicky? /mluviːtɛ angliʦki/
  • I don't speak Czech: Nemluvm česky /nɛmluviːm ʧɛski/
  • Do you speak Czech?: Mluvte česky? /mluviːtɛ ʧɛski/
  • Where can i find a restaurant?: Kde najdu restauraci? /gdɛ najdu rɛstauraʦi/
  • Where is the nearest hospital?: Kde je nejbližš nemocnice? /gdɛ jɛ nejbliʃiː nɛmoʦniʦɛ/

Danish (Germanic)

  • Danish: dansk /dansk/
  • hello: hej /hi/
  • good-bye: farvel /fah-vel/
  • please: 1 (Be understood. A matter of course, if not Vr venlig)

(Usage Note: No word directly corresponds to the word "please". Danish and Finnish express the concept of politeness in a request in various ways.)

  • thank you: tak /tack/
  • that one: denne /DEN-neh/
  • how much?: hvor meget? /vo MY-it/
  • English: engelsk /ENG-uhlsk/
  • yes: ja /ya/
  • no: nej /nigh/
  • can I take your picture?: M jeg tage et billede af dig?
  • Where is the bathroom?: Hvor er der et toilet? /toiˈlett/
  • where do you come from?: Hvor kommer du fra?
  • do you speak English?: Taler du engelsk?
  • generic toast: skl /skl/
  • I don't understand: Jeg forstr ikke

Dutch (Germanic)

  • Dutch: Nederlands /nedərlɑns/ (NAY-der-lahnds)
  • hello: hallo /hɑlo/ (hah-LOW)
  • good-bye: tot ziens /tɔt zins/ (tott-ZEENS)
  • please: alstublieft /ɑlstyblift/ (AHL-stu-BLEEFT)
  • thank you: dank je wel /dɑŋkjəwɛl/ (DAHNK-ya-WELL)
  • that one: die /di/ (dee)
  • how much?: hoeveel /huːvel/ (who-VEIL)
  • English: Engels /ɛŋəls/ (ENGels)
  • yes: ja /ja/ (ya)
  • no: nee /ne/ (ney)
  • generic toast: proost /prost/ (prohw-st)

Esperanto (International Auxiliary Language)

  • hello: saluton /saluton/
  • good-bye: ĝis revido /ʤis revido/
  • please: mi petas /mi petas/
  • thank you: dankon /dankon/
  • you're welcome: bonvenon /bonvenon/
  • that one: tiu /tiu/
  • how much?: kiom /kiom/
  • English: Anglo /anglo/
  • yes: jes /jes/
  • no: ne /ne/
  • sorry: pardonon /pardonon/
  • I don't understand: mi ne komprenas /mi ne komprenas/
  • Where's the toilet?: kie estas la necesejo? /kie estas la neʦesejo/
  • generic toast: Je via sano /je via sano/
  • Do you speak English?: Ĉu vi parolas la anglan? /ʧu vi parolas la anglan/
  • Excuse me, I don't speak very good Esperanto.: Pardonu min, mi ne bone parolas Esperanton.
  • I don't know: Mi ne scias /mi ne sʦias/

Estonian (Finno-Ugric)

  • Estonian: eesti
  • hello: tere
  • good-bye: head aega
  • please: palun
  • thank you: aith
  • you're welcome: palun
  • that one: see
  • how much?: kui palju
  • English: inglise
  • yes: jah
  • no: ei
  • sorry: vabandage
  • I don't understand: Ma ei saa aru
  • generic toast: terviseks
  • Do you speak English?: Kas te rgite inglise keelt?
  • Where is the bathroom/toilet? Kus on WC? Kus on vannituba?
  • Merry Christmas & A Happy New Year! Hid Jule ja nnelikku uut aastat!

Finnish (Finno-Ugric)

  • Finnish: suomi /'suo mi/ (SUE-o-mi)
  • hello: piv /'pjvː/ (pay-vaeh) (except the vowels are like "pay" with the vowel from "cat" followed by the vowel from "tick"; the syllable "vaeh" has the long syllable from "bad")
  • good-bye: nkemiin /'nkemiːn/ (NACK-eh-MEAN)
  • please:  1
  • thank you: kiitos /'kiːtos/ (key-toss)
  • that one: tuo /'tuo/ (to-oh)
  • how much?: kuinka paljon /'kujnka 'paljon/ (kuyn-kah pal-yon)
  • English: englanti /'ɛŋlanti/ (ENG-lan-TEH)
  • yes: kyll /'kylː/ (kul-laeh)
  • no: ei /ej/ (ey)
  • sorry: anteeksi /'anteːksi/ ("On take see")
  • where is the toilet?: miss on vessa? /'misː on 'vesːa/(MIS-sah on VEHS-sah)
  • generic toast: kippis /'kipːis/ (KIP-pis)
  • do you speak English?: puhutko englantia? /'puhutko 'ɛŋlantia/ (poo-hoot-koh eng-lawn-tia)
  • I don't understand: en ymmrr /ɛn 'ymːrː/ (en um-mar-ra)
  • I don't know: en tied /ɛn 'tiɛd/ (en tee-eh-da)

French (Romance)

  • French: franais /frɑ̃sɛ/ ("fraw(n)-SAY")
  • hello: bonjour /bɔ̃ʒuʁ/ ("boh(n)-ZHURE")
  • good-bye: au revoir /o ʁəvwaʁ/ ("oh-reh-VWA")
  • please: s'il vous plat /sil vu plɛ/ ("seal voo PLAY")
  • thank you: merci /mɛʁsi/ ("mare-SEE")
  • you're welcome "bienvenue" (bi-EHN ven-eu)
  • that one: cela /səla/ ("seh-LAH")
  • how much?: combien /kɔ̃bjɛ̃/ ("ko(n)m-BYEN")
  • English: anglais /ɑ̃glɛ/ ("ah(n)-GLAY")
  • yes: oui /wi/ ("wee")
  • no: non /nɔ̃/ ("nah(n)")
  • sorry: pardon /paʁdɔ̃/ ("pahr-DO(n)"), excusez-moi /ɛkskyzemwa/ ("ex-kyu-say-MWA")
  • I don't understand: Je ne comprends pas /ʒə nə c'pʁɑ̃ 'pa/ ("zhe ne co(n)m-pro(n) PAH")
  • where's the bathroom?: O sont les toilettes? /u sɔ̃ le twa lɛt/ ("ooh so(n) lay twa-LET)8
  • generic toast: Sant! /sɑ̃te/ ("sahn-TAY") (Literally: Health)
  • Do you speak English?: Parlez-vous anglais? /paʁ le vu ɑ̃ glɛ/ ("par-lay voo zah(n)-GLAY")
  • Excuse me, I don't speak very good French.: "Pardonnez-moi, mais je ne parle pas trs bien franais." (par-dohn-ay MWAH may zheu neuh parl pah tray byen frahn-SAY)
  • I don't know: Je ne sais pas /ʒə nə sɛ 'pa/ ("zhe ne sa(i) PAH")

  Results from FactBites:
 
Slavonic languages (5789 words)
The myriad differences between the dialects and languages in phonetics, grammar, and above all vocabulary may cause misunderstandings even in the simplest of conversations; and the difficulties are greater in the language of journalism, technical usage, and belles lettres, even in the case of closely connected languages.
Although this process was common to all the Slavic dialects, which were still connected with each other at that period, it took place slowly and at different rates in different dialects, beginning in the 10th to the 12th century and expanding from the southwest to the northeast.
Several features are common to the Moravian and Bohemian varieties of the Old Church Slavonic language, to the Slovene (Pannonian) variant reflected in the Freising fragments (late 10th century), and to the Croatian Old Church Slavonic tradition that is attested from the 12th century, as well as to the Serbian tradition.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m