FACTOID # 3: South Carolina has the highest rate of violent crimes and aggravated assaults per capita among US states.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Common fibular nerve
Nerve: Common peroneal
Nerves of the right lower extremity Posterior view. (Common peroneal labeled at center right.)
Diagram of the segmental distribution of the cutaneous nerves of the right lower extremity. Posterior view. (Common peroneal is blue shaded area at center right.)
Latin n. fibularis communis, n. peroneus communis
Gray's subject #213 964
Innervates deep: tibialis anterior, extensor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum longus, peroneus tertius, extensor digitorum brevis
superficial: peroneus longus, peroneus brevis
From sacral plexus via sciatic nerve
To Deep peroneal nerve and Superficial peroneal nerve
Dorlands/Elsevier n_05/12565792

The common peroneal nerve (common fibular nerve; external popliteal nerve; peroneal nerve), about one-half the size of the tibial nerve, is derived from the dorsal branches of the fourth and fifth lumbar and the first and second sacral nerves. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (344x1000, 115 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Sciatic nerve Wikipedia:Grays Anatomy images with missing articles 17 Tibial nerve Common peroneal nerve Femoral nerve List of images in Grays Anatomy: IX. Neurology... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (191x800, 45 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Wikipedia:Grays Anatomy images with missing articles 17 Dermatomic area Common fibular nerve List of images in... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... The tibialis anterior is a muscle in the anterior of the shin. ... The extensor hallucis longus is a muscle in the human leg and foot. ... The Extensor digitorum longus muscle is a muscle of the human body. ... The Peroneus tertius muscle is a muscle of the human body. ... The extensor digitorum brevis muscle is a muscle on the upper surface of the foot that helps extend digits 2, 3, and 4. ... The muscle peroneus longus (also known as fibularis longus) is a superficial muscle in the human leg, and acts to evert and plantar flex the ankle. ... The Fibularis brevis (or Peronæus brevis) lies under cover of the Peronæus longus, and is a shorter and smaller muscle. ... In human anatomy, the Sacral plexus refers to the nerve plexus emerging from the sacral vertebrae (S1-S4), and which provides nerves for the pelvis and lower limbs. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... The Deep fibular nerve (deep peroneal nerve) begins at the bifurcation of the common peroneal nerve, between the fibula and upper part of the Fibularis (Peronæus) longus, passes infero-medially, deep to Extensor digitorum longus, to the anterior surface of the interosseous membrane, and comes into relation with the... The Superficial Fibular/Peroneal Nerve (musculocutaneous nerve of the leg) innervates the Peronei longus and brevis and the skin over the greater part of the dorsum of the foot. ... Elseviers logo. ... The Tibial Nerve The tibial nerve passes through the popliteal fossa to pass below the arch of soleus. ... The Lumbar Nerves are divided into posterior and anterior divisions. ... The Sacral Nerves—The posterior divisions of the sacral nerves (rami posteriores) are small, and diminish in size from above downward; they emerge, except the last, through the posterior sacral foramina. ...


It descends obliquely along the lateral side of the popliteal fossa to the head of the fibula, close to the medial margin of the Biceps femoris muscle. The popliteal fossa is a space or shallow depression located at the back of the knee-joint. ... For other uses see fibula (disambiguation) The fibula or calf bone is a bone placed on the lateral side of the tibia, with which it is connected above and below. ... The biceps femoris is a muscle of the thigh. ...


It lies between the tendon of the Biceps femoris and lateral head of the Gastrocnemius muscle, winds around the neck of the fibula, between the Peronæus longus and the bone, and divides beneath the muscle into the superficial peroneal nerve (superficial fibular nerve) and deep peroneal nerve (deep fibular nerve). The gastrocnemius (pronounced ) muscle is a powerful superficial muscle that is in the back part of the lower leg (the calf). ... The fibularis longus (also known as peroneus longus) is a superficial muscle in the human leg, and acts to evert and plantar flex the ankle. ... The Superficial Fibular/Peroneal Nerve (musculocutaneous nerve of the leg) innervates the Peronei longus and brevis and the skin over the greater part of the dorsum of the foot. ... The Deep fibular nerve (deep peroneal nerve) begins at the bifurcation of the common peroneal nerve, between the fibula and upper part of the Fibularis (Peronæus) longus, passes infero-medially, deep to Extensor digitorum longus, to the anterior surface of the interosseous membrane, and comes into relation with the...


Trauma to the nerve can result in a condition called "foot drop," where dorsiflexion of the foot is compromised and the foot drags during walking, and sensory loss to the dorsal surface of the foot and portions of the anterior, lower-lateral leg.

Contents

Branches

Previous to its division it gives off articular and lateral sural cutaneous nerves.

  • The articular branches (rami articulares) are three in number:
    • Two of these accompany the superior and inferior lateral genicular arteries to the knee; the upper one occasionally arises from the trunk of the sciatic nerve.
    • The third (recurrent) articular nerve is given off at the point of division of the common peroneal nerve; it ascends with the anterior recurrent tibial artery through the Tibialis anterior to the front of the knee.
  • The lateral sural cutaneous nerve (n. cutaneus suræ lateralis; lateral cutaneous branch) supplies the skin on the posterior and lateral surfaces of the leg; one branch, the peroneal anastomotic (n. communicans fibularis), arises near the head of the fibula, crosses the lateral head of the Gastrocnemius to the middle of the leg, and joins with the medial sural cutaneous to form the sural nerve. The peroneal anastomotic is occasionally continued down as a separate branch as far as the heel.

The tibialis anterior is a muscle in the anterior of the shin. ... In human anatomy, the knee is the lower extremity joint connecting the femur and the tibia. ... For other uses see fibula (disambiguation) The fibula or calf bone is a bone placed on the lateral side of the tibia, with which it is connected above and below. ... The gastrocnemius is a powerful superficial muscle that is in the back part of the lower leg (the calf). ... The heel is the prominence at the posterior end of the foot. ...

Surgical Procedures

  • Deep peroneal nerve compression:
    • In the surgical treatment of deep peroneal n. entrapment in the foot, a ligament from the extensor digitorum brevis m. that crosses over the deep peroneal nerve, putting pressure on it and causeing pain, is released.

Dellon Institutes Deep Peroneal Nerve Compression Surgical Treatment


Additional images

External links

  • Dr. A Lee Dellon Dellon Institutes for Peripheral Neuropathy Dr. Dellon's Peroneal nerve compression surgery has helped to grow the Dellon Institute's internationally for their treatments for Peripheral Neuropathy and other nerve disorders.

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant. The State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, better known as SUNY Downstate Medical Center, is an academic medical center and is the only one of its kind in the Borough of Brooklyn in New York City. ... Duke University is a private coeducational research university located in Durham, North Carolina, USA. The school, which officially became Duke University in 1924, traces its institutional roots to 1838. ... Memorial University of Newfoundland, popularly known as MUN, is a comprehensive university located in St. ... Georgetown University, formally the The President and Directors of the College of Georgetown, is a private university in the United States, located in Georgetown, a historic neighborhood of Washington, D.C. Founded on January 23, 1789 by Archbishop John Carroll, it is both the oldest Roman Catholic and oldest Jesuit... Dartmouth College is a private academic institution in Hanover, New Hampshire, in the United States. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...

v  d  e
Lumbosacral plexus

lumbar plexus: iliohypogastric - ilioinguinal - genitofemoral (femoral branch/lumboinguinal, genital branch) - lateral cutaneous of thigh (patellar) - obturator (accessory obturator) - femoral (saphenous) - lumbosacral trunk The anterior divisions of the lumbar nerve, sacral nerve, and coccygeal nerves form the lumbosacral plexus, the first lumbar nerve being frequently joined by a branch from the twelfth thoracic. ... Grays Fig. ... The Iliohypogastric Nerve arises from the first lumbar nerve. ... The Ilioinguinal Nerve, smaller than the Iliohypogastric nerve, arises with it from the first lumbar nerve. ... In human anatomy, the genitofemoral nerve originates from the upper part of the lumbar plexus of spinal nerves. ... The lumboinguinal nerve (femoral or crural branch of genitofemoral) descends on the external iliac artery, sending a few filaments around it, and, passing beneath the inguinal ligament, enters the sheath of the femoral vessels, lying superficial and lateral to the femoral artery. ... The genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve (external spermatic nerve) passes outward on the Psoas major, and pierces the fascia transversalis, or passes through the abdominal inguinal ring; it then descends behind the spermatic cord to the scrotum, supplies the Cremaster, and gives a few filaments to the skin of... The lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh (also called the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve) is a cutaneous nerve that innervates the skin on the lateral part of the thigh. ... The terminal filaments of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve frequently communicate with the anterior cutaneous branches of the femoral nerve, and with the infrapatellar branch of the saphenous nerve, forming with them the patellar plexus. ... The Obturator Nerve arises from the ventral divisions of the second, third, and fourth lumbar nerves; the branch from the third is the largest, while that from the second is often very small. ... The Accessory Obturator Nerve is present in about 29 per cent. ... The Femoral Nerve supplies innervation the anterior portion of the leg. ... The Saphenous Nerve (long or internal saphenous nerve) is the largest cutaneous branch of the femoral nerve. ... The lumbosacral trunk is nervous tissue that connects the lumbar plexus with the sacral plexus. ...


sacral/coccygeal plexus: to quadratus femoris - to obturator internus - to the piriformis - superior gluteal - inferior gluteal - posterior cutaneous of thigh
sciatic: tibial (sural - medial plantar - lateral plantar) - common fibular (deep fibular - superficial fibular) In human anatomy, the Sacral plexus refers to the nerve plexus emerging from the sacral vertebrae (S1-S4), and which provides nerves for the pelvis and lower limbs. ... The nerve to quadratus femoris is a nerve that provides innervation to the quadratus femoris and gemellus inferior muscles. ... The nerve to obturator internus is a nerve that innervates the obturator internus and gemellus superior muscles. ... The nerve to piriformis is a nerve that innervates the piriformis muscle. ... The superior gluteal nerve is a nerve that originates in the pelvis which supplies the gluteus medius, the gluteus minimus, and the tensor fasciae latae muscles. ... The Superior Gluteal Nerve () arises from the dorsal divisions of the fourth and fifth lumbar and first sacral nerves: it leaves the pelvis through the greater sciatic foramen above the Piriformis, accompanied by the superior gluteal vessels, and divides into a superior and an inferior branch. ... The posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh (also called the posterior femoral cutaneous nerve) provides innervation to the skin of the posterior surface of the thigh and leg, as well as to the skin of the perineum. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... The Tibial Nerve The tibial nerve passes through the popliteal fossa to pass below the arch of soleus. ... The sural nerve (short saphenous nerve), formed by the junction of the medial sural cutaneous with the peroneal anastomotic branch, passes downward near the lateral margin of the tendo calcaneus, lying close to the small saphenous vein, to the interval between the lateral malleolus and the calcaneus. ... The medial plantar nerve (internal plantar nerve), the larger of the two terminal divisions of the tibial nerve, accompanies the medial plantar artery. ... The Lateral Plantar Nerve (external plantar nerve) supplies the skin of the fifth toe and lateral half of the fourth, as well as most of the deep muscles, its distribution being similar to that of the ulnar nerve in the hand. ... The Deep fibular nerve (deep peroneal nerve) begins at the bifurcation of the common peroneal nerve, between the fibula and upper part of the Fibularis (Peronæus) longus, passes infero-medially, deep to Extensor digitorum longus, to the anterior surface of the interosseous membrane, and comes into relation with the... The Superficial Fibular/Peroneal Nerve (musculocutaneous nerve of the leg) innervates the Peronei longus and brevis and the skin over the greater part of the dorsum of the foot. ...


pudendal plexus: perforating cutaneous - pudendal (dorsal of the penis/clitoris, inferior anal, perineal and posterior scrotal/labial) - anococcygeal The pudendal plexus is not sharply marked off from the sacral plexus, and as a consequence some of the branches which spring from it may arise in conjunction with those of the sacral plexus. ... The Perforating Cutaneous Nerve usually arises from the posterior surface of the second and third sacral nerves. ... The pudendal nerve is responsible for orgasm, urination, and defecation in both sexes. ... The dorsal nerve of the penis is the deepest division of the pudendal nerve; it accompanies the internal pudendal artery along the ramus of the ischium; it then runs forward along the margin of the inferior ramus of the pubis, between the superior and inferior layers of the fascia of... The dorsal nerve of the clitoris is a nerve in females that branches off the pudendal nerve to innervate the clitoris. ... The Inferior rectal nerves (inferior anal nerves, inferior hemorrhoidal nerve) occasionally arises directly from the sacral plexus; it crosses the ischiorectal fossa, with the inferior hemorrhoidal vessels, toward the anal canal and the lower end of the rectum, and is distributed to the Sphincter ani externus and to the integument... The perineal nerve is a nerve arising from the pudendal nerve that supplies the perineum. ... The posterior scrotal (or labial) branches; superficial peroneal nerves) are two in number, medial and lateral. ... Anococcygeal Nerves: The fifth sacral nerve receives a communicating filament from the fourth, and unites with the coccygeal nerve to form the coccygeal plexus. ...


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m