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Encyclopedia > Common Toad
Common toad
Common toad
The common toad, Bufo bufo
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Bufo
Species: bufo
Binomial name
Bufo bufo
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The Common toad or European toad Bufo bufo is widespread throughout Europe, with the exception of Ireland and some Mediterranean islands. Its easterly range extends to Irkutsk in Siberia and its southerly range includes parts of northwestern Africa in the northern mountains of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. Download high resolution version (1254x864, 114 KB)Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758) the Common Toad or Common European Toad. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Phyla Porifera (sponges) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria Placozoa Subregnum Bilateria  Acoelomorpha  Orthonectida  Rhombozoa  Myxozoa  Superphylum Deuterostomia     Chordata (vertebrates, etc. ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicates Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... For other uses, see Amphibian (disambiguation). ... Suborders Archaeobatrachia Mesobatrachia Neobatrachia The Anura is the order of animals in the class Amphibia that includes frogs and toads. ... For other uses, see Toad (disambiguation). ... Species See text. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is a standard convention used for naming species. ... A painting of Carolus Linnaeus Carl Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné   listen?, and who wrote under the Latinized name Carolus Linnaeus (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of taxonomy. ... 1758 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Europe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... A traditional house in Irkutsk The Yenisei watershed, Lake Baikal, and the cities of Dikson, Dudinka, Turukhansk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk Irkutsk (Ирку́тск), the chief town of the Irkutsk Oblast, is one of the most important places in Siberia, being not only the principal commercial depot north of Tashkent, but also a fortified... Africa is the worlds second-largest continent and 3rd most populous. ...

Adults can grow to 18cm (7 in) and their skin has a warty appearance and ranges from green to brown. As a defense against predators they secrete a toxic, foul tasting substance (bufagin). This is enough to deter many predators although Grass Snakes and hedgehogs are immune. Although the adults spend most of their time on land the females enter ponds and other still water to lay their eggs, toadspawn, which can be distinguished from the spawn of the common frog as it forms strings rather than than a large mass of eggs. Eggs are laid in the spring, with the females attempting to return to the water in which they were born. The young tadpoles resemble other tadpoles in their appearance except that toadpoles have a larger, rounder blacker head and shorter tail. Binomial name Natrix natrix The Grass Snake, sometimes called the Ringed Snake or Water Snake (Natrix natrix) is a European non-venomous snake. ... Genera Atelerix Erinaceus Hemiechinus Mesechinus A hedgehog is any of a wide variety of small quilled mammals of the order Insectivora found through parts of Europe, Asia, Africa, and New Zealand. ... Ten-day-old tadpoles Embryos (and one tadpole) of the wrinkled frog (Rana rugosa) A tadpole (also known as a pollywog) is a larval frog, toad, salamander, or newt. ...

Common toads eat invertebrates such as insects, larvae, spiders, slugs and worms, which they catch on their sticky tongues. Larger toads may also take slow worms, small grass snakes and harvest mice, which are swallowed alive. Toads generally hunt at night, and are most active in wet weather. Binomial name Anguis fragilis Linnaeus, 1758 The slow worm (or slowworm, also known as blindworm or blind worm, scientific name: Anguis fragilis) is a limbless reptile. ... Binominal name Micromys minutus The Harvest mouse, Micromys minutus is a small rodent native to Europe and Asia. ...

In Great Britain and Poland many toads are killed on the roads while migrating to their breeding grounds, in some places special tunnels have been constructed so they can cross under roads and local wildlife groups run toad patrols carrying them across busy crossing points in buckets.

Toads have a long association with European witchcraft, as familiars and ingredients in potions. This article is part of the Witchcraft series. ... A familiar animal, in folklore, is an animal believed to be possessed of magic powers such as the ability to change its shape. ...


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  Results from FactBites:
BBC - Science & Nature - Wildfacts - Common toad (769 words)
Common toads are opportunistic feeders, catching invertebrates such as insects, larvae, spiders, slugs and worms, on their sticky tongues.
Common toads are solitary, except during the breeding.
Common toads hibernate in October, typically under deep leaf litter, logs, timber piles, or in burrows and drainpipes.
Toad (279 words)
Toads are a group of tailless amphibians of stout build, with more or less warty skin.
The type of the family is the common toad[?], Bufo bufo, and round it cluster a large number of species of the same genus, and some smaller genera.
Toads and the preservation of their habitat play an important role in Carl Hiaasen's 1999 novel Sick Puppy.
  More results at FactBites »



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