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Encyclopedia > Committee of the Regions
European Union

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the European Union
Image File history File links CoR_logo. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The European Union or EU is a supranational and international organization of 27 member states. ...


Treaties
Rome · Maastricht (Pillars)
Amsterdam · Nice · Reform
Institutions
Commission

President José Manuel Barroso
Current College (2004-2009) The treaties of the European Union are effectively its constitutional law, making up the EUs primary legislation. ... The Treaty of Rome signing ceremony Signatures in the Treaty The Treaty of Rome refers to the treaty which established the European Economic Community (EEC) and was signed by France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg on March 25, 1957. ... The Maastricht Treaty (formally, the Treaty of European Union, TEU) was signed on February 7, 1992 in Maastricht, Netherlands after final negotiations in December 1991 between the members of the European Community and entered into force on November 1, 1993 during the Delors Commission. ... The Treaty of Maastricht which established the European Union, divided EU policies into three main areas, called pillars. ... Treaty of Amsterdam amending the Treaty of the European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts The Treaty of Amsterdam amending the Treaty of the European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts, commonly known as the Amsterdam Treaty, was signed on... Treaty of Nice The Treaty of Nice is a treaty adopted in Nice by the European Council to amend the two founding treaties of the European Union: the Treaty on European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, which introduced the Euro and the 3-pillar structure of the EU; the Treaty of... The Reform Treaty (also referred to as; future institutional settlement or new legal basis, among others) is a proposed replacement for the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (European Constitution). ... This article or section should be merged with List of European Union-related topics The European Union has several institutions: The European Parliament The European Council The Council of the European Union (or Council of Ministers) The European Commission The European Court of Justice (incorporating the Court of First Instance... The Commission seat in Brussels The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive body of the European Union. ... François-Xavier Ortoli, Romano Prodi, José Manuel Barroso and Jacques Delors The President of the European Commission is notionally the highest ranking unelected official within the European Union bureaucracy. ... José Manuel Durão Barroso (pronunced: IPA, ) (born in Lisbon, March 23, 1956) is a Portuguese politician. ... The Barroso Commission is the European Commission that has been in office since 22 November 2004 and is due to serve until 31 October 2009. ...


Parliament

President Hans-Gert Pöttering
Members (2004-2009) Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou (EPP) Alejo Vidal-Quadras (EPP) Gérard Onesta (Greens – EFA) Edward McMillan-Scott (ED) Mario Mauro (EPP) Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez (PES) Luigi Cocilovo (ALDE) Mechtild... The President of the European Parliament oversees all the activities of the European Parliament and its constituent bodies. ... Hans-Gert Pöttering (often written as Poettering; born September 15, 1945 in Bersenbrück, Lower Saxony) is a German conservative politician (CDU), and has been President of the European Parliament since January 2007. ... A Member of the European Parliament (English abbreviation MEP)[1] is a member of the European Unions directly-elected legislative body, the European Parliament. ... This is a list giving breakdowns of the European Parliamentary session from 2004 to 2009. ...


Council

Presidency: Portugal (Luís Amado)
European Council: José Sócrates Established 1952 Presiding Country Portugal President Luís Amado President in Office José Sócrates Members 27 (at one time) Political parties 7, including: European Peoples Party Party of European Socialists Meeting place Justus Lipsius, Brussels, Belgium, European Union Web site http://www. ... The Presidency of the Council of the European Union refers to the responsibility of presiding over all aspects of the Council of the European Union, when exercised collectively by a government, on a pre-established rota of the member states, of the European Union. ... Luís Filipe Marques Amado (b. ... The European Council (referred to as a European Summit) is a body of the European Union which meets around four times a year. ... José Sócrates de Carvalho Pinto de Sousa, GCIH (pron. ...


Court of Justice

President · Members · Auditors
First Instance · Civil Service European Court of Justice building, Luxembourg The Court of Justice of the European Communities, usually called the European Court of Justice (ECJ), is the highest court of the European Union (EU). ... Vassilios Skouris, (b. ... As of August 17, 2006: Categories: | | | ... The European Court of Auditors is one of five institutions of the European Union. ... The Court of First Instance, created in 1989, is a court of the European Union. ... European Union Civil Service Tribunal, since December 2, 2005 a new specialised tribunal within the European Union institutional framework. ...

Elections
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The Committee of the Regions (CoR) is an institution of the European Union created by the Treaty of Maastricht. It aims at increasing the participation of European regions in community life. The CoR, whose seat is in Brussels, is composed of 344 representatives of regional and local governments. Elections in the European Union gives information on election and election results in the European Union. ... Elections to the European Parliament were held from June 10, 2004 to June 13, 2004 in the 25 member states of the European Union, using varying election days according to local custom. ... In early 2007, Bulgaria and Romania will elect their members of the European Parliament for the first time. ... Elections to the European Parliament will be held in June 2006 in the then–27 member states of the European Union, using varying election days according to local custom. ... European Parliament electoral system is proportional representation. ... The European political party, or formally political party at European level, is a type of political party organization in the European Union, eligible to receive funding from the Union. ... Political Groups in the European Parliament combine the MEPs from European political parties, informal European political blocs, and independents, into powerful coalitions. ... // Origins of the EU History of the European Union European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Euratom Single market. ... Austria Poland Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czech   Rep. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Foreign relations of the European Union Foreign relations of Austria Foreign relations of Belgium Foreign relations of Cyprus Foreign relations of the Czech Republic Foreign relations of Denmark Foreign relations of Estonia Foreign relations of Finland Foreign relations of France Foreign relations of Germany Foreign relations of Greece Foreign relations... European Union law is the unique legal system which operates alongside the laws of Member States of the European Union (EU). ... In economics, a monetary union is a situation where several countries have agreed to share a single currency among them. ... This article or section should be merged with List of European Union-related topics The European Union has several institutions: The European Parliament The European Council The Council of the European Union (or Council of Ministers) The European Commission The European Court of Justice (incorporating the Court of First Instance... The agencies of the European Union (or decentralised bodies of the European Union) are bodies which are distinct from the European Unions institutions, in that they have not been created by the treaties but rather by acts of secondary legislation, in order to accomplish a very specific task. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... The Maastricht treaty (formally, the Treaty on European Union) was signed on 7 February 1992 in Maastricht between the members of the European Community and entered into force on 1 November 1993. ... In European politics, a region is the layer of government directly below the national level. ... Nickname: Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: , Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 979 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Government  - Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area  - Region 162 km²  (62. ...


The Committee of the Regions (CoR) is the political assembly that provides local and regional authorities with a voice at the heart of the European Union.


Established in 1994 under the Treaty on European Union (Maastricht) , the CoR was set up to address two main issues. Firstly, about three quarters of EU legislation is implemented at local or regional level, so it makes sense for local and regional representatives to have a say in the development of new EU laws. Secondly, there were concerns that the public was being left behind as the EU steamed ahead. Involving the elected level of government closest to the citizens was one way of closing the gap.


The Treaties oblige the Commission and Council to consult the Committee of the Regions whenever new proposals are made in areas that have repercussions at regional or local level. The Maastricht Treaty set out 5 such areas - economic and social cohesion, trans-European infrastructure networks, health, education and culture. The Amsterdam Treaty added another five areas to the list - employment policy, social policy, the environment, vocational training and transport - which now covers much of the scope of the EU's activity.


Outside these areas, the Commission, Council and European Parliament have the option to consult the CoR on issues if they see important regional or local implications to a proposal. The CoR can also draw up an opinion on its own initiative, which enables it to put issues on the EU agenda.


CoR has 344 members – the number from each EU country roughly reflecting the size of its population. The numbers per country are as follows:

Main Office of the CoR in Brussels
Main Office of the CoR in Brussels
MEMBER STATES MEMBERS
Flag of Germany Germany 24
Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom 24
Flag of France France 24
Flag of Italy Italy 24
Flag of Spain Spain 21
Flag of Poland Poland 21
Flag of Romania Romania 15
Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands 12
Flag of Greece Greece 12
Flag of the Czech Republic Czech Republic 12
Flag of Belgium Belgium 12
Flag of Hungary Hungary 12
Flag of Portugal Portugal 12
Flag of Sweden Sweden 12
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria 12
Flag of Austria Austria 12
Flag of Slovakia Slovakia 9
Flag of Denmark Denmark 9
Flag of Finland Finland 9
Flag of Ireland Ireland 9
Flag of Lithuania Lithuania 9
Flag of Latvia Latvia 7
Flag of Slovenia Slovenia 7
Flag of Estonia Estonia 7
Flag of Cyprus Cyprus 6
Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg 6
Flag of Malta Malta 5
TOTAL 344

The Committee is a consultative body, and is asked for its opinion by the Council or the Commission on new policies and legislation in the following areas: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1195x673, 93 KB) Subject: Committee of the Regions and European Economic and Social Committeee buiding in Brussels Author: Zinneke; own picture, taken 2005-06-07 Licence: GFDL File links The following pages link to this file: Committee of the Regions Economic... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1195x673, 93 KB) Subject: Committee of the Regions and European Economic and Social Committeee buiding in Brussels Author: Zinneke; own picture, taken 2005-06-07 Licence: GFDL File links The following pages link to this file: Committee of the Regions Economic... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lithuania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Latvia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Estonia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cyprus. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Luxembourg. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malta. ...

  • Economic and social cohesion
  • Education and youth
  • Culture
  • Public health
  • Trans-European Networks
  • Transport
  • Employment
  • Social affairs
  • Environment
  • European Social Fund
  • Vocational training

On certain issues it works in partnership with the Economic and Social Committee. TEN re-directs here; for alternate uses, see Ten. ... The European Unions Economic and Social Committee is the consultative assembly of European social and economic partners. This phrase refers mainly to representatives of business, employers and trade unions. ...


See also

This article or section should be merged with List of European Union-related topics The European Union has several institutions: The European Parliament The European Council The Council of the European Union (or Council of Ministers) The European Commission The European Court of Justice (incorporating the Court of First Instance...

External links

  • Committee of the Regions
  • List of Members
  • The committee of the Regions : European Navigator
  • Subsidiarity Monitoring Network of the Committee of the Regions

 
 

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