FACTOID # 29: 73.3% of America's gross operating surplus in motion picture and sound recording industries comes from California.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Commissioned Officer

In military organizations, a commissioned officer is a member of the service who derives authority directly from a sovereign power, and as such holds a commission from that power. Commissioned officers are authorized to use deadly force to carry out the lawful orders of their government, either directly or through orders to enlisted personnel. Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme authority over a geographic region, group of people, or oneself. ... In law a commission is a patent which allows a person to take possession of a state office and carry out official acts and duties. ... Deadly force is that level of force which is inherently likely to cause death or great bodily injury. ... Enlisted is a term for someone who has joined, or enlisted, in a group or organization for a specified period of time. ...


Commissioned officers usually study military science at a college, university or military academy and intend to make a career in the military. In contrast, non-commissioned tend to receive much less training and education before they are put to work and often leave the military after the end of their initial term of commitment. In many countries in the past (and in some still today) most non-commissioned personnel were conscripts, whereas most officers were volunteers.


Officers and enlisted personnel are highly segregated: for example, they typically eat their meals and spend their off-duty time in separate facilities.


There is sometimes a third grade of personnel, smaller in number, called warrant officers. In the United States armed forces, warrant officers in grades CWO2, CWO3, CWO4, and CWO5 are commissioned. They perform important, but highly technical tasks (electronics, aviation, etc.) The US Army depends on warrant officers to fly helicopters, for example. A warrant officer (WO) or a chief warrant officer (CWO) is a member of a military organization, with a rank subordinate to other commissioned officers and senior to noncommissioned officers. ...


Having officers is one requirement for combatant status under the laws of war, though these officers need not be commissioned. A combatant (also referred to as an enemy combatant) is a soldier or guerrilla member who is waging war. ... The laws of war (Jus in bello) define the conduct and responsibilities of belligerent nations, neutral nations and individuals engaged in warfare, in relation to each other and to protected persons, usually meaning civilians. ...


In the US Navy commissioned officers may be classified as line or staff. A line officer wears an inverted gold star in the cuff area of his uniform jacket, next to the gold braid that denotes rank. Staff officers (supply, medical, legal, etc.) wear insignia unique to their specialty. A line officer is eligible to command a warship or an aviation unit; however, a staff officer may not. US Marine Corps officers (except for warrant officers and limited duty officers) are considered line officers because they are trained to command combat units in addition to their specialty. A line officer (or otherwise termed officer of the line) is a military officer who is trained to command a warship, ground combat unit or combat aviation unit. ...


In the United States, there are some uniformed commissioned officers who are not members of the military. See uniformed services of the United States, NOAA Corps, and United States Public Health Service. Uniformed services of the United States : The United States has seven uniformed services. ... The NOAA Corps is the smallest of the seven Uniformed Services of the United States, having only approximately 300 commissioned officers. ... The United States Public Health Service was founded first by President John Adams as a loose network of hospitals to support the health of American seamen. ...

Contents

British and American commissioned officer ranks

Many of the militaries of the world base their officer ranks upon the officer ranks of the British and American militaries. Officer ranks are typically differently titled but equivalent in rank between the army and navy. For more information, see Comparative military ranks. The military rank system is a means of categorizing the hierarchy of an armed force. ...


British Commissioned Officer Ranks

Army/Royal Marines

The highest rank currently held by a Royal Marines officer is Lieutenant-General, although the rank of General still exists. The position of Captain-General, which is currently held by the Duke of Edinburgh, is an office similar to that of Colonel-in-Chief, and is not a rank, although the insignia is that of a Field Marshal. Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... A Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary or police officer. ... Captain is both a nautical term and a military rank. ... Insignia of an 0-4 in the U.S. Armed Forces In the US Army, Air Force, Marine Corps and the British Army, a major is a commissioned officer superior to a captain and inferior to a lieutenant colonel. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Lieutenant Colonel In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and subordinate to a colonel. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Colonel Colonel is a military rank, usually the highest below general grades, and just above Lieutenant Colonel. ... Brigadier is a rank in the British military, Australian Army, New Zealand Army, Canadian Armed Forces and several other Commonwealth armies ranking above Colonel and immediately below Major-General. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... General is a military rank, in most nations the highest rank, although some nations have the higher rank of Field Marshal. ... Note: This article is about the military usage of the word marshal. For other usages, see the end of this article. ... The Captain General Royal Marines is the ceremonial head of the Royal Marines. ... HRH The Duke of Edinburgh His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, The Duke of Edinburgh (Philip Mountbatten, formerly Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark), styled - HRH The Duke of Edinburgh (born 10 June 1921), is the consort of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom. ... In the British and other Commonwealth armies, the Colonel-in-Chief of a regiment is its (usually Royal) patron. ...


Royal Air Force

A Pilot Officers sleeve/shoulder insignia Pilot Officer is the lowest commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries, ranking only above Acting Pilot Officer and Officer Cadet. ... Flying Officer is a junior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries. ... Flight Lieutenant (pronounced as flight lef-tenant, see Lieutenant) is a junior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many Commonwealth countries. ... A Squadron Leaders sleeve/shoulder insignia Squadron Leader is a senior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries. ... Wing Commander (rank) is a rank in the Royal Air Force, equivalent to a Lieutenant Colonel in most Armies, the Royal Marines and the United States Marine Corps. ... Group Captain is a senior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries. ... Air Commodore is the fourth most senior rank active in the Royal Air Force today, after the deactivation of Marshal of the Royal Air Force as a substantive rank in peacetime during defence cuts of the 1990s. ... An Air Vice Marshals sleeve/shoulder insignia Air Vice Marshal is the third most senior rank active in the Royal Air Force today, after the inactivation of Marshal of the Royal Air Force as a substantive rank in peacetime during defence cuts of the 1990s. ... This article is about the Royal Air Force rank. ... Air Chief Marshal is the most senior rank active in the Royal Air Force today, after the inactivation of Marshal of the Royal Air Force as a substantive rank in peacetime during defence cuts of the 1990s. ... Marshal of the RAF sleeve/shoulder insignia Marshal of the Royal Air Force was the highest rank in the Royal Air Force. ...

Royal Navy

A Lieutenant, Junior Grade, is a division officer in the United States Navy. ... A Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary or police officer. ... In the Royal Navy, United States Navy and United States Coast Guard, a lieutenant commander (lieutenant-commander or Lt Cdr in the RN) is a commissioned officer superior to a lieutenant and inferior to a commander. ... Commander is a military rank used in many navies but not generally in armies or air forces. ... Captain is both a nautical term and a military rank. ... The military rank of commodore is used in some navies for officers who command more than one ship, but are not senior enough to be made admirals. ... The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... Vice Admiral is a naval rank of three star level, equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority. ... Admiral is a word from either the Arabic term amir-al-bahr, or the Irish term Ard muirfhear or Ardmurar , both meaning commander of the seas. ... Admiral of the Fleet is a supreme naval position that has existed both in historical navies and several modern day navies of the 21st century. ...

US commissioned officer ranks

Army / Air Force / Marine Corps

Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... First Lieutenant is a military rank. ... Captain is both a nautical term and a military rank. ... Insignia of an 0-4 in the U.S. Armed Forces In the US Army, Air Force, Marine Corps and the British Army, a major is a commissioned officer superior to a captain and inferior to a lieutenant colonel. ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Colonel Colonel is a military rank, usually the highest below general grades, and just above Lieutenant Colonel. ... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... General is a military rank, in most nations the highest rank, although some nations have the higher rank of Field Marshal. ... General of the Army, or less formally five-star general, is historically the second most senior rank in the United States Army. ... In the United States Air Force, General of the Air Force is the highest rank, equivalent to a five star General. ... In the United States Army military hierarchy, General of the Armies is traditionally considered a rank superior to a five-star general. ...

Navy / Coast Guard

In the military of various countries, ensign is a low rank of commissioned officer. ... A Lieutenant, Junior Grade, is a division officer in the United States Navy. ... A Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary or police officer. ... In the Royal Navy, United States Navy and United States Coast Guard, a lieutenant commander (lieutenant-commander or Lt Cdr in the RN) is a commissioned officer superior to a lieutenant and inferior to a commander. ... Commander is a military rank used in many navies but not generally in armies or air forces. ... Captain is both a nautical term and a military rank. ... The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... Vice Admiral is a naval rank of three star level, equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority. ... Admiral is a word from either the Arabic term amir-al-bahr, or the Irish term Ard muirfhear or Ardmurar , both meaning commander of the seas. ... A Fleet Admiral is a generic term for a senior admiral in command of a large group of ships, comprising a Fleet or, in some cases, a group of Fleets. ... Admiral of the Navy is a senior-most rank of a naval service, with its origins in the Middle Ages. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Officer - Memory Alpha, the Star Trek Wiki (210 words)
An officer is a member of a group typically in the areas of the military, police, or some other form of authority.
Upon graduation from the Academy, the cadet is granted a commission appointing him or her to Starfleet's most junior officer's rank: that of Ensign.
Commissioned officers are distinguished from non-commissioned officers and other crewmembers through the use of a rank structure.
Student Opportunities (621 words)
Commissioned Corps Officer Student Training and Extern Program (COSTEP)
They are not obligated to serve in the Commissioned Corps after graduation, but may decide to serve an extended active-duty assignment after they complete their professional education.
Commissioned Officer Student Training and Extern Program (COSTEP) Application
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m