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Encyclopedia > Commission on Narcotic Drugs
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At the presiding table, from left to right: Mr. S. P. Sotiroff, Assistant to the Director, U.N. Narcotics Division; Dr. Sten Martens, Director, U.N. Narcotics Division; Mr. Vittorio Winspeare-Guicciardi, Director-General U.N. Office at Geneva; Mr. John E. Ingersoll (United States), Chairman of the Session; and Dr. Istvan Bayer, Secretary.

The Commission on Narcotic Drugs is the central drug policy-making body within the United Nations system. Its predecessor, the Advisory Committee on the Traffic in Opium and Other Dangerous Drugs, was established by the first Assembly of the League of Nations on December 15, 1920. The Advisory Committee held its first meeting from May 2 to May 5, 1921, and continued its activities until 1940 [1] (http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/bulletin/bulletin_1999-01-01_1_page003.html). The Commission on Narcotic Drugs was established by the UN Economic and Social Council in 1946, with Canadian Charles Henry Ludovic Sharman as its first chair. The Commission has important functions under the drug control treaties in force today [2] (http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/bulletin/bulletin_1966-01-01_1_page002.html). Most notably, it can amend the Schedules of controlled substances. Download high resolution version (1392x924, 49 KB)At the presiding table, from left to right: Mr. ... Download high resolution version (1392x924, 49 KB)At the presiding table, from left to right: Mr. ... The United Nations, or UN, is an international organization established in 1945 and now made up of 191 states. ... The League of Nations was an international organisation founded after the First World War with its constitution being approved by the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. ... 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... 1921 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations assists the General Assembly in promoting international economic and social cooperation and development. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Charles Henry Ludovic Sharman, a Canadian, was Chief of the Narcotics Division in the Department of Pensions and National Health. ...

Contents

Powers

The drug control treaties divide power between the Commission and the International Narcotics Control Board. The Commission has power to influence drug control policy by advising other bodies and deciding how various substances will be controlled. However, enforcement power is reserved to the Board. Mr. ...


Under Article 8 (http://www.incb.org/e/conv/1961/articles.htm#8) of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, the Commission's powers are to: Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs Opened for signature March 30, 1961[1] at New York Entered into force December 13, 1964[2] Conditions for entry into force 40 ratifications Parties 180[3] The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is the international treaty against illicit drug manufacture and trafficking that forms...

  • Amend the Schedules;
  • Call the attention of the International Narcotics Control Board to any matters which may be relevant to the functions of the Board;
  • Make recommendations for the implementation of the aims and provisions of the Single Convention, including programmes of scientific research and the exchange of information of a scientific or technical nature; and
  • Draw the attention of non-parties to decisions and recommendations which it adopts under the Single Convention, with a view to their considering taking action in accordance therewith.

Under Article 17 (http://www.incb.org/e/conv/1971/articles.htm#17) of the Convention on Psychotropic Substances, the Commission has power to amend the Schedules by a two-thirds vote and "may consider all matters pertaining to the aims of this Convention and to the implementation of its provisions, and may make recommendations relating thereto." The Convention allows medical and scientific uses of Schedule I drugs. ...


The United Nations General Assembly has power to modify the Commission's decisions, with the exception of scheduling decisions. United Nations General Assembly The United Nations General Assembly is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations. ...


Role in drug scheduling

The drug control treaties divide drugs into four Schedules with varying levels of control. Article 3 (http://www.incb.org/e/conv/1961/articles.htm#3) of the Single Convention and Article 2 (http://www.incb.org/e/conv/1971/articles.htm#2) of the Convention on Psychotropic Substances set out the scheduling procedure, giving the Commission the power to decide which Schedule a drug or other substance shall be placed into. However, the Economic and Social Council has power to alter or reverse the Commission's scheduling decisions. In addition, each Schedule has certain findings that the World Health Organization must make with regard to a drug or substance before it be placed in that Schedule. The relationship between the WHO and the Commission is described as follows by the Commentary on the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs[3]  (http://www.drugtext.org/library/legal/treat/commentary/): For other meanings of the acronym WHO, see WHO (disambiguation) WHO flag Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the World Health Organization (WHO) is an agency of the United Nations, acting as a coordinating authority on international public health. ...

The Commission on Narcotic Drugs decides whether a substance is to be placed under international control. It can take a positive decision only in accordance with the recommendation of the World Health Organization. It can include the substance only in that Schedule which is recommended by the Organization. If the World Health Organization recommends Schedule I, the Commission cannot decide to add the substance to Schedule II, or vice versa. The Commission must either accept the Schedule recommended by the World Health Organization or abstain from extending control at all. It may, however, decide to place a drug only in Schedule I and not in Schedule IV if the World Health Organization has recommended simultaneously inclusion in both these Schedules. In no case can the Commission decide to extend control to a substance if the World Health Organization has not recommended to do it.

Article 12 (http://www.incb.org/e/conv/1988/articles.htm#12) of the United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances grants the Commission power to decide whether a precursor substance used illicit drug manufacture should be controlled, and if so, which category of controlled precursor substances - Table I or Table II - it should be placed into. The Board's findings on scientific matters in reference to the substance are binding on the Commission, however. And, as with drug scheduling under the other two treaties, the Convention allows the Economic and Social Council to review and overturn the Commission's decisions in reference to precursor substance control. United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ...


Membership

The Commission consists of 53 states, serving 4-year terms[4]  (http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/cnd_termofoffice.html), with the following distribution of seats among regions: This article discusses states as sovereign political entities. ...

Council resolutions 845 (XXXII), and 1147 (XLI) provide that members are elected: World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ... World map showing location of Asia A satellite composite image of Asia Asia is the central and eastern part of the continent of Eurasia, defined by subtracting the European peninsula from Eurasia. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... Eastern Europe is, by convention, that part of Europe from the Ural and Caucasus mountains in the East to an arbitrarily chosen boundary in the West. ... Western Europe is distinguished from Eastern Europe by differences of history and culture rather than by geography. ...

  • From among the States Members of the United Nations and members of the specialized agencies and the Parties to the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961;
  • With due regard to the adequate representation of countries that are important producers of opium or coca leaves, of countries that are important in the field of the manufacture of narcotic drugs, and of countries in which drug addiction or the illicit traffic in narcotic drugs constitutes an important problem;
  • Taking into account the principle of equitable geographical distribution.

The fact that the Commission is made up of states rather than individuals makes the Commission less independent from political pressures and allows Governments to more directly influence its decisions, in accordance with their own policies and laws. For instance, 21 U.S.C. § 811(d)(2)(B) of the U.S. Controlled Substances Act provides that the recommendations of the Secretary of Health and Human Services in reference to drug scheduling shall be binding on the U.S. representative. Opium is a narcotic drug which is obtained from the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy . ... Binomial name Erythroxylon coca For the American comedian, see Imogene Coca. ... The term narcotic, derived from the Greek word for stupor, originally referred to a variety of substances that induced sleep (such state is narcosis). ... Addictive redirects here. ... The Controlled Substances Act (CSA), Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970, is the legal foundation of the United States governments fight against the abuse of drugs and other substances. ... The United States Secretary of Health and Human Services is the head of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, concerned with The Secretary is a member of the Presidents Cabinet. ...


References


  Results from FactBites:
 
47th session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (3571 words)
Our review shows that illicit drugs, crime and violence affect communities very adversely as their citizens have to live in the environs where illicit drugs are readily available, and where crime and violence or the threat of crime and violence, are ever present.
When different drug trafficking groups compete for a bigger share of the lucrative illicit drug market, violent confrontations in and around public places occur in such communities and in the absence of appropriate intervention, there is deterioration of law and order.
Drugs, crime and violence are shown to particularly affect young people who often play a key role in manifestations of drug-related crime and violence at the local level both as perpetrators and as victims.
Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961 (9617 words)
Except as to measures of control which are limited to specified drugs, the drugs in Schedule I are subject to all measures of control applicable to drugs under this Convention and in particular to those prescribed in articles 4 c, 19, 20, 21, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34 and 37.
The drugs in Schedule II are subject to the same measures of control as drugs in Schedule I with the exception of the measures prescribed in article 30, paragraphs 2 and 5, in respect of the retail trade.
Drugs carried by ships or aircraft in accordance with paragraph I shall be subject to the laws, regulations, permits and licenses of the country of registry, without prejudice to any rights of the competent local authorities to carry out checks, inspections and other control measures on board ships or aircraft.
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