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Encyclopedia > Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique
French science
Grandes écoles

The Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique or CEA, the Atomic Energy Commisson, in English, is a French "public establishment of an industrial and commercial character" whose mission is to develop all applications of atomic energy, both civilian and military. CEA is headed by the high-commissionner for atomic energy (currently Bernard Bigot), and by a board headed by the administrator general. A listing of universities and major tertiary education institutions in France. ... The grandes écoles (French for great schools) of France are higher education establishments outside of the mainstream framework of the public universities. ... The Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) is one of the most prominent scientific research institutions in France. ... The Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA) is a French public research institute dedicated to scientific studies surrounding the problems of agriculture. ... The Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique (INRIA) is a French national research institution focusing on computer science, control theory and applied mathematics. ... Atomic energy is an outdated phrase which can mean a number of things related to energy produced by atoms: In the late- 19th century through the early- 20th century, it was often used to describe the particles ejected by radioactive elements (especially radium). ... A civilian is a person who is not a member of a military. ...

CEA was created in 1945; since then, the successive high-commissioners have been Frédéric Joliot-Curie, Francis Perrin, Jacques Yvon, Jean Teillac, Robert Dautray, René Pellat and the incumbent. Frédéric Joliot-Curie Jean Frédéric Joliot-Curie né Joliot (March 19, 1900 – August 14, 1958) was a French physicist and Nobel laureate. ... Francis Perrin (Paris, 1901 - id. ...

It conducts fundamental and applied research into many areas, including the design of nuclear reactors, the manufacturing of integrated circuits, the use of radionucleides for curing illnesses, seismology and tsunami propagation, the safety of computerized systems... Nuclear power station at Leibstadt, Switzerland. ... An integrated circuit (IC) is a thin chip consisting of at least two interconnected semiconductor devices, mainly transistors, as well as passive components like resistors. ... Seismology (from the Greek seismos = earthquake and logos = word) is the scientific study of earthquakes and the movement of waves through the Earth. ... The tsunami that struck Malé in the Maldives on December 26, 2004. ... The tower of a personal computer (specifically a Power Mac G5). ...

It is divided into 4 directions, or divisions:

Technology (Gr. ... Biology studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli, tree fern, gazelle, Goliath beetle Biology is the science of life (from the Greek words bios = life and logos = word). ... Matter is the substance of which a physical object is composed. ... Organization The French armed forces are divided into four branches: Army (Armée de Terre), including Chasseurs Alpins French Foreign Legion Marine troops light aviation (ALAT - Aviation Légére de lArmée de Terre) engineers (Génie) including Paris Fire Brigade Navy (Marine Nationale), including Naval Air naval...


In addition to the headquarters in Paris: The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ...

Civilian research centers

The French département of Essonne is part of the région of Île-de-France. ... Fontenay-aux-Roses is a city and commune in France, in the southern suburbs of Paris. ... Hauts-de-Seine is a département in France. ... View of Grenoble, 2002, with the snowy peaks of the Dauphiné Alps Location within France Grenoble (Occitan: Grasanòbol) is a city and commune in south-east France, situated at the foot of the Alps, at the confluence of the Drac into the Isère River. ... Isère is a département in the east of France named after the Isère River. ... Bouches-du-Rhône is a département in the south of France named after the mouth of the Rhone River. ... Gard is a département located in the south of France named after the river Gardon (or Gard). ...

Research centers for military applications

The French département of Essonne is part of the région of Île-de-France. ... Gironde is a département in the southwest of France named after the Gironde Estuary. ... CEA/Valduc or the Valduc center of nuclear studies is a French nuclear facility (CEA, direction of military applications) dedicated to the study, manufacturing, maintenance and dismantling of nuclear weapons. ... Côte-dOr is a département in the eastern part of France. ...

External link

  • CEA official website (http://www.cea.fr) (in French)



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