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Encyclopedia > Commentator

The word commentator has many different meanings. For its application to sports, see sports commentator or Sportscaster. A sportscaster is an announcer on radio or television who specializes in reporting or commenting on sports events. ... American Sportscasters A sportscaster, sports announcer, or sports commentator is a type of journalist on radio or television who specializes in reporting or commenting on sports events. ...


Popular meaning

A commentator or pundit is an individual who discusses social, political or cultural issues or events typically in a public context. Social commentator may refer to anything from a preacher to a columnist to a cultural critic. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Preacher is a term the for someone who preaches sermons or gives homilies. ... A columnist is a journalist who produces a specific form of writing for publication called a column. Columns appear in newspapers, magazines and the Internet. ... A cultural critic is a critic of a given culture, usually as a whole and typically on a radical basis. ...


A live broadcast of a major public event, such as an inauguration, funeral of a public figure, space flight or sporting occasion, is almost invariably accompanied by the thoughts of a commentator. This may be on television, accompanied by relevant images, or on radio. The technique involved differs between the two media, with radio broadcasters needing to be more explicit and descriptive because of the absence of pictures. An inauguration is a ceremony of formal investiture whereby an individual assumes an office or position of authority or power. ... For other uses, see Funeral (disambiguation). ... Currently, the most common technology for space transport is rocket propulsion, which expels matter to provide a net forward thrust. ... Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and/or video signals which transmit programs to an audience. ...


Sports and other commentators usually broadcast live during events in an essentially unscripted way although they may refer to prepared materials such as sports statistics. Spontaneity, enthusiasm, and partisan comments are sometimes valued by those watching or listening to sports.


Gaffes and other verbal mishaps can occur. Famous examples include: A gaffe is a verbal mistake made by a company or individual, usually in a social environment. ...

  • "'For those of you watching in black and white, the blue is behind the pink" – Snooker commentator Ted Lowe
  • "If history repeats itself, I should think we can expect the same thing again." Football manager Terry Venables
  • "One of the reasons Arnold Palmer is playing so well is that, before each tee shot, his wife takes out his balls and kisses them.... Oh my God, what have I just said?" – USTV golf commentator Sandi
  • "And here's Moses Kiptanui—the 19 year old Kenyan, who turned 20 a few weeks ago." Sports commentator David Coleman

Some famous commentators include: Snooker is a cue sport that is played on a large baize-covered table with pockets in each of the four corners and in the middle of each of the long side cushions. ... Ted Lowe was a BBC snooker commentator. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Terence Frederick Terry Venables (born 6 January 1943 in Dagenham, London) is an English football manager and former player. ... This article is about the golfer. ... This article is about the game. ... Moses Kiptanui (born: October 1, 1970 in Marakwet, Kenya) is a middle and long distance athlete mostly famous for 3000  m steeplechase in which he was the number one ranked athlete from 1991 to 1995. ... David Coleman, OBE (born April 26, 1926) is a former British sports commentator and TV presenter. ...

Kevin Harlan (born June 21, 1960 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin) is an American television sports announcer. ... Karunaratne Abeysekera was one Sri Lankas greatest Sinhala broadcasters - he was also a highly acclaimed poet and song writer. ... Jonathan Philip Agnew (nicknamed Aggers) is an English cricket broadcaster and former professional cricketer. ... Jani Allan (born 11 September 1953) is a South African journalist and top radio commentator. ... Ronald Franklin Atkinson,[1][2] commonly known as Big Ron (born 18 March 1939) is an English former football player and manager. ... Information in this article or section has not been verified against sources and may not be reliable. ... Richard Richie Benaud OBE (born October 6, 1930 in Penrith, New South Wales) is a former Australian cricketer. ... Lawrence Peter Yogi Berra (born May 12, 1925 in St. ... Image:Blowers. ... Harry Carpenter, b 17 October 1925 in London, was a BBC sports commentator from the early 1950s until his retirement in the 1990s. ... Jon Champion (born 23 May 1965 in Harrogate, England) is a television commentator who works for ITV Sport and Setanta Sports. ... David Coleman, OBE (born April 26, 1926) is a former British sports commentator and TV presenter. ... This article is about Stephen Colbert, the actor. ... Howard William Cosell, born Howard William Cohen (March 25, 1918 – April 23, 1995) was an American sports journalist on American television. ... Barry Davies (born 24 October 1940 in Kent, England) was educated at Cranbrook School which also numbers commentators Brian Moore and Peter West amongst its alumni - and London University, where he read English literature. ... Sean Hannity is an American radio/television host, author, and conservative political commentator. ... Bob Harvie was a popular announcer of Radio Ceylon. ... For the Stuckist artist, see Paul Harvey (artist). ... Did you mean Robert Hudson, 1st Viscount Hudson UK politician Robert Hudson, sports commentator Robert Hudson This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Archie Macpherson Archibald Archie Macpherson (b. ... John Earl Madden (born April 10, 1936) is a former National Football League player, head coach, and a Pro Football Hall-of-Famer. ... Roland Martin can refer to one of several individuals: Roland S. Martin - American journalist, nationally syndicated columnist Roland Martin (fisherman) - host of American fishing show on Outdoor Life Network ... This article is about the former Major League Baseball player. ... John Walker Motson OBE (born 10 July 1945, Salford, Lancashire), known as Motty, is an English football commentator. ... Simon Hill (born in Manchester, England), is an Australian-based football commentator. ... Keith Olbermann (born January 27, 1959) is an American news anchor, commentator and radio sportscaster. ... Michael Savage is the pseudonym of Michael Alan Weiner (born March 31, 1942), a controversial[1] American conservative talk radio host, author, and political pundit. ... Tavis Smiley (born September 13, 1964) is an author, journalist, political commentator, and talk show host. ... Dave Spector Dave Spector (デーブ・スペクター born in Chicago, Illinois) is one of the more visible foreign personalities (gaijin tarento) in Japan. ... Andrew Mullen Gray (born November 30, 1955 in Glasgow) was a Scottish football player and is now a much respected football pundit for Sky Sports. ... William F. Buckley may refer to: William Francis Buckley, U.S. Army officer and CIA operative William F. Buckley, Jr. ... Clive Tyldesley is a British sport commentator. ... Martin Tyler (born in Chester, 14th September 1945) is an English football commentator who was voted as the FA Premier League Commentator of The Decade[1]. His voice has been synonymous with English football for over 25 years. ... Kazuhide Uekusa ) was born December 18, 1960 in Edogawa, Tokyo. ... Murray Walker. ... Sid Waddell (born August 10, 1940 in Alnwick, Northumberland) is a British born Geordie commentator and television personality. ... Kenneth Wolstenholme, DFC (born Worsley, Lancashire,. July 17, 1920; died March 25, 2002) was the original football commentator for BBC television in the 1950s and 1960s, responsible for the games most famous commentary phrase. ...

Meaning in European legal history

The school of the Glossators in Bologna lost its vitality, resulting in the rise of a new school of legal thought in the 14th century, centred around Orleans in France. Bartolus was the most famous of the commentators. Rather than simply seeking to explain the law, the commentators were more concerned with the potential for practical application of the law. Politically at this time, the idea of the Spirit of One – one church and one empire, was popular in Europe. Roman law thus appealed as bringing the potential for one law in addition. Roman law was written and certain as well as being generally consistent and complete. The educated liked its roots and saw the potential for application. Image File history File links Wikitext. ... The scholars of the 11th and 12th century legal schools in Italy, France and Germany are identified as glossators in a specific sense. ... For the food product, see Bologna sausage. ... This article is about Orléans, France; for other meanings see Orleans (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Using the term Roman law in a broader sense, one may say that Roman law is not only the legal system of ancient Rome but the law that was applied throughout most of Europe until the end of the 18th century. ...


The commentators faced head on the conflict of law with custom as they saw the potential for practical application of the Roman law. They were opportunistic and as Medieval Italy flourished, there were many opportunities to be the mediator between the developing political, scientific and economic spheres. Thus many of their ideas were based on practical morality, bold construction of the law and clever interpretations. For example, feudal law, which violated the absoluteness of dominium, was included harmonised with Roman law by drawing links with the long lease, which gave rise to a vindicatio directa. The commentators argued that the vindicata directa was evidence of another type of ownership and that feudal ownership could fall within this category. This made Roman law more flexible, although was clearly a move away from the texts, and thus made it of greater practical use to rulers who were seeking a rational and coherent law. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ...


The Commentators went beyond the glossators, who had had treated each text separately. The commentators instead wrote prose commentaries on the texts (rather like lectures,) working through, book by book, through the Digest. Rather than simply taking individual Roman law texts at face value, making it useful for practical application involved considering the rationale and principles behind the law. Certain areas were thus not considered at all, for example, Bartolus makes no attempt to consider culpa. However, this general approach produced a far more sophisticated law and enabled harmonisation between Roman law and local law. For example, Roman law said that a will was valid if you had 5 witnesses and that Roman law superseded customary law, whilst Venice law only required 3 witnesses. Bartolus’ approach was to consider why Roman law superseded custom. He concluded that this was because custom was presumed bad. However, in certain circumstances, custom would be allowed by the Emperor, where the law was considered good. Since the Venice law had come into practice after the Emperor, the Emperor had not considered if it were good law. However, it clearly was and therefore it should be allowed to continue. The Commentators also harmonised canon law with Roman law to some extent. Canonists argued that bare agreement could give rise to an action (but they only had jurisdiction where that agreement was made by oath.) The Commentators said that the canon law was simply a form of clothing which could made a bare pact enforceable. As glossators in a specific sense are identified the scholars of the 11th and 12th century legal schools in Italy, France and Germany. ... For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ...


The extraction of general principles allowed Roman law to be used in situations which were unfamiliar to the Romans, it provided a coherent and convenient set of rules, which could then be used to interpret local customs, which were given primacy but very narrowly interpreted. The impact of the commentators was thus substantial. Their commentaries were found throughout Europe, in fact it was said that if one was not a Bartolist (a commentator), one could not be a lawyer at all.


See also

A color commentator (colour commentator in Canada), sometimes known as a color analyst, is a member of the broadcasting team for a sporting event who assists the play-by-play announcer by filling in any time when play is not in progress. ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...

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