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Encyclopedia > Commemoration of Husayn ibn Ali

Shī‘a Islam
Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ...

People of the House

Muhammad
AliFatimah
HasanHusayn Zulfiqar, a fictional representation of the sword of Ali. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (805x313, 11 KB) Caption The ThulFiqar sword of Ali. ... Ahl al-Bayt (Arabic: ‎) is a phrase meaning People of the House, or family. ... For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ... For other uses, see Ali (disambiguation). ... This article is about Muhammads daughter. ... Al-Hasan ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib ()‎ (c. ... This article is about Husayn ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib (626 – 680). ...

Texts & Laws

Qur'an
This is a sub-article to Shia Islam and Quran The Shia view of the Quran has some differences from the Sunni view. ...

Major branches

TwelversIsmaili
Zaidiyyah Twelvers ( Ithnāˤashariyyah) are those Shiˤa Muslims who believe there were twelve Imāms, as distinct from Ismaili & Zaidi Shiite Muslims, who believe in a different number of Imams or in a different path of succession. ... The Ismāʿīlī (Urdu: اسماعیلی Ismāʿīlī, Arabic: الإسماعيليون al-Ismāʿīliyyūn; Persian: اسماعیلیان Esmāʿīliyān) branch of Islam is the second largest part of the Shīa community, after the Twelvers (Ithnāʿashariyya). ... Zaidiyya, Zaidism or Zaydism (Arabic: الزيدية az-zaydiyya, adjective form Zaidi or Zaydi) is a Shīa maðhab (sect, school) named after the Imām Zayd ibn ˤAlī. Followers of the Zaidi fiqh are called Zaidis (or are occasionally called Fivers in the West). ...

Societal aspects

History of Shia Islam ...

See also

Views on Shia Islam
There are several views on the Shia. ...

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See also: Day of Ashura

The Remembrance of Muharram (Arabic: ذكرى محرم or مناسبة محرم) is an important period of mourning in the Shi'a branch of Islam. The Day of Ashura ( transliteration: , Ashura, Ashoura, and other spellings) is on the 10th day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar and marks the climax of the Remembrance of Muharram but not the Islamic month. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ...

Shi'a Muslims in Bahrain strike their chests during the Remembrance of Muharram.

The remembrance marks the anniversary of the Battle of Karbala when Imam Husayn ibn Ali, a grandson of Muhammad, was killed. Muharram is the first month of the Islamic lunar calendar. The Shi'a sect is the main sect that commemorates the death of Imam Husayn ibn Ali by arranging 'majalis' (gatherings) to review Islamic teachings and to commemorate Imam Husayn's sacrifice. The mourning reaches its climax on the tenth day, known as Ashura. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x773, 160 KB) Summary Young men striking their chests with their hands in union at a procession during the Festival of Muharram. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x773, 160 KB) Summary Young men striking their chests with their hands in union at a procession during the Festival of Muharram. ... The Battle of Karbala took place on Muharram 10, 61 AH (October 9 or 10, 680 CE) [1] [2] in Karbala, in present day Iraq. ... This article is about Husayn ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib (626 – 680). ... For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ... Muharram (Arabic: محرم ) is the first month of the Islamic calendar. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... It has been suggested that lunar year be merged into this article or section. ... Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ... This article is about Husayn ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib (626 – 680). ... The Day of Aashurah, sometimes spelled ‘Ashurah or Aashoorah, falls on the 10th day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar. ...


This event is observed in the first month of the Hijra year, Muharram. Mourners, both male and female, congregate together (in separate sections) for sorrowful, poetic recitations performed in memory of the death of Husayn, lamenting and grieving to the tune of beating drums and chants of "Ya Husayn." Passion plays are also performed, reenacting the Battle of Karbala and the suffering and death of Husayn at the hands of Yazid. It is not a festival -- the event is the saddest event for Shi'a Muslims and it is a period of intense grief and mourning. The event is also observed by many Sunnis, but to a lesser extent, and as a time of remembrance, rather than mourning[citation needed]. The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar (Arabic: التقويم الهجري; at-taqwÄ«m al-hijrÄ«; Persian: گاه‌شماری هجري قمری ‎ Gāhshomāri-ye hejri-ye qamari; also called the Hijri calendar) is the calendar used to date events in many predominantly Muslim countries, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to... Muharram (Arabic: محرم ) is the first month of the Islamic calendar. ... Ya Muhammad, Ya Ali, Ya Hussain and such are expressions used By Muslims, mainly by Shia. ... The Battle of Karbala took place on Muharram 10, 61 AH (October 9 or 10, 680 CE) [1] [2] in Karbala, in present day Iraq. ... Yazid Ibn Muawiyah Ibn Abu Sufyan (July 23, 645 - 683) (Arabic: يزيد بن معاوية بن أبي سفيان) was the second Caliph of the Umayyad dynasty of Caliphs. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ...

Muharram procession: Shi'a Muslims in Malir, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan suffering and cutting the body with knives during the mourning.
Muharram procession: Shi'a Muslims in Malir, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan suffering and cutting the body with knives during the mourning.

Many of the male participants congregate together in public for ceremonial chest beating (matham) as a display of their devotion to Imam Husayn and in remembrance of his suffering. In some Shi'a societies, such as those in Bahrain, Pakistan, India, Afghanistan, Lebanon and Iraq, some male participants inflict actual wounds upon themselves, using knives or razors swung upon chains [1]. This practice is rare and viewed as being extreme and is discouraged and banned in some countries with significant Shi'a populations, such as Iran. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 317 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Self Photography Muhammad Hani I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 317 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Self Photography Muhammad Hani I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under... Malir Town is a small densely populated town in the eastern part of Karachi, with Jinnah International Airport and the Malir Cantonment to the west and north, the Malir River and Shah Faisal Town to the south and Gadap Town to the east across the Thado Nallo stream. ...

Tabuiks (funeral biers) being lowered into the sea at a Muharram procession in West Sumatra, Indonesia
Tabuiks (funeral biers) being lowered into the sea at a Muharram procession in West Sumatra, Indonesia

For the duration of the remembrance, it is customary for mosques to provide free meals (nazar) on certain nights of the month to all people. These meals are viewed as being special and holy, as they have been consecrated in the name of Imam Husayn, and thus partaking of them is considered an act of communion with Allah, Imam Husayn, and humanity. Image File history File linksMetadata Tabuik_festival. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Tabuik_festival. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Allah is the Arabic language word for God. ... Husayn ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib (c. ... Humanity refers to the human race or mankind as a whole, to that which is characteristically human, or to that which distinguishes human beings from other animals or from other animal species primal nature. ...


In South Asia, a number of literary and musical genres, produced by both Shias and Sunnis, that have been inspired by the Battle of Karbala are performed during the month, such as marsiya, noha and soaz. This is meant to increase the peoples understanding of how the enemies fought The Battle of Karbala against Husayn and his followers. This article is about the geopolitical region in Asia. ... The Battle of Karbala took place on Muharram 10, 61 AH (October 9 or 10, 680 CE) [1] [2] in Karbala, in present day Iraq. ... Marsiya is a form of Urdu poetry consisting of six lines per passagem organized according to the rhyming scheme Veronica Travers. ... Noha (Urdu: نوحہ) is a genre of Punjabi, Farsi, or Urdu prose depicting the martyrdom of Imam Hussain. ... Soaz or soz (Persian / Urdu: سوز) is an elegiac poem written to commemorate the martyrdom and valour of Hazrat Imam Hussain and his comrades of the Karbala. ... The Battle of Karbala took place on Muharram 10, 61 AH (October 9 or 10, 680 CE)[1][2] in Karbala, in present day Iraq. ... Husayn ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib (c. ...


In Trinidad and Tobago and Jamaica all ethnic and religious communities participate in the event, locally known as "Hosay" or "Hussay". In Indonesia, the event is known as Tabuik (Minangkabau language) or Tabut (Indonesian). A tadjah at Hosay in Port of Spain during the 1950s Hosay or Tadjah is a West Indian street festival, in which multi-colored model mausoleums are paraded, then ritually offered up to the sea, or any body of water. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Minangkabau language is the spoken language of Minangkabau people from West Sumatra. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Many of the events associated with the remembrance take place in congregation halls known as "Hussainia". A Hussainia is a congregation hall for Shia ritual ceremonies, especially those associated with the Festival of Muharram. ...

A banner (aalam) being carried in a procession during the Remembrance of Muharram in Bahrain.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x773, 184 KB) Summary A banner being carried in a procession during the Festival of Muharram. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x773, 184 KB) Summary A banner being carried in a procession during the Festival of Muharram. ...

See also

Muslim holidays and observances
Muslim New Year | Remembrance of Muharram | Day of Ashura | Imamat Day | Arba'een | Mawlid
Imam Musa al Kazim day | Lailat al Miraj | Shab-e-baraat | Ramadan | Laylat al-Qadr | Eid ul-Fitr | Eid ul-Adha

 
 

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