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Encyclopedia > Commander in Chief in India
The list was taken from only one source [1] (http://www.regiments.org/biography/defchiefs/inCinC.htm). Some checking had been done but the dates and the links to names need further work.

The British Commander-in-Chief in India reported to the civilian Governor-General of India. The Commander-in-Chief's staff were known as India Command and most were based at the General Headquarters India (GHQ India).


The post survived Indian independence and since 1948 has been manned by Indians who report to the Government of the Republic of India.


This is a list of people who were the military Commander-in-Chief, India. The rank and title are the final for the person's career and not necessarily applicable to his tenure as Commander-in-Chief


See also: List of Governor-General of India and List of Secretary of State for India

Name Start Comments
Major–General Stringer Lawrence 1748 January ??
Lieutenant–General John Adlercron 1754 ???? ??
Major–General Robert Clive 1756 December 1
Brigadier–General John Caillaud 1760 February 25
Brigadier–General John Carnac 1760 December 31
Lieutenant–General Sir Eyre Coote 1761 April ??
Major Thomas Adams 1763 ???? ?? officiating
Brigadier–General John Carnac 1764 January ??
General Sir Hector Munro of Novar 1764 July ??
Brigadier–General John Carnac 1765 January ??
Major–General Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive of Plassey 1765 May 3
Brigadier–General Richard Smith 1767 January 29
Brigadier–General Sir Robert Barker 1770 March 24
Colonel Charles Chapman 1773 December 22
Brigadier–General Alexander Champion 1774 January 18
Lieutenant–General Sir John Clavering 1774 November 2
Lieutenant–General Giles Stibbert 1777 October 16 officiating
Lieutenant–General Sir Eyre Coote 1779 March 25 reappointed
Lieutenant–General Giles Stibbert 1783 April 27 officiating
General Sir Robert Sloper 1785 July 21
General Charles Cornwallis, 2nd Earl Cornwallis 1786 September 12
General Sir Robert Abercromby of Aithrey 1793 October 28 officiating from 5 Oct. 1793
Major–General Charles Morgan 1797 January 17 officiating
Field Marshal Sir Alured Clarke 1798 May 17
General Sir James Henry Craig 1801 February 25 officiating
General Gerard Lake 1801 March 13
General Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis 1805 July 30 reappointed
General Gerard Lake, 1st Baron Lake 1805 October 5 reappointed
General Sir George Hewett 1807 October 17
Lieutenant–General Forbes Champagné 1807 December 10 officiating
Field Marshal Sir George Nugent 1811 January 14
General Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 2nd Earl of Moira, later Marquess of Hastings 1813 October 4
General Sir Edward Paget 1823 January 13
Field Marshal Stapleton Cotton, 1st Viscount Combermere 1825 October 7
General George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie 1830 January 1
Lieutenant–General Sir Edward Barnes 1832 January 10
General Lord William Bentinck 1833 October 15
General Lord William Bentinck 1834 April 22 new commission
General Sir James Watson 1835 March 10 officiating
General Sir Henry Fane 1835 September 5
General Sir Jasper Nicolls 1839 December 7
Field Marshal Hugh Gough, 1st Baron Gough 1843 August 8
General Sir Charles James Napier 1849 May 7
Field Marshal Sir William Maynard Gomm 1851 December 6
General George Anson 1856 January 23
Field Marshal Sir Patrick Grant 1856 June 17 officiating
Field Marshal Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde 1857 August 13
Field Marshal Hugh Henry Rose, 1st Baron Strathnairn 1861 June 4
General William Rose Mansfield, 1st Baron Sandhurst 1865 March 23
Field Marshal Robert Cornelius Napier, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala 1870 April 9 He did much to benefit the army and to encourage good shooting.
Field Marshal Sir Frederick Paul Haines 1876 April 10
Field Marshal Sir Donald Martin Stewart 1881 April 8
Lieutenant General Sir Frederick Roberts VC 1885 November 28
Field Marshal Sir George Stewart White, VC 1893 April 8
General Sir Charles Edward Nairne 1898 March 20 officiating
General Sir William Stephen Alexander Lockhart 1898 November 4
General Sir Arthur Power Palmer 1900 March 19
Field Marshal Horatio Kitchener, 1st Viscount Kitchener 1902 November 28 oversaw restructuring of the Indian Army
General Sir Garret O'Moore Creagh, VC 1909 September 10
General Sir Harry Beauchamp Duff 1914 March 8
General Sir Charles Carmichael Monro 1916 October 1
General Henry Seymour Rawlinson, 1st Baron Rawlinson 1920 November 21
Field Marshal Sir Claude William Jacob 1925 April 3
Field Marshal William Riddell Birdwood, 1st Baron Birdwood of Anzac 1925 August 6
Field Marshal Philip Walhouse Chetwode, 1st Baron Chetwode 1930 November 30
Field Marshal General Sir Robert Archibald Cassels 1935 November 30
Field Marshal Sir Claude John Eyre Auchinleck 1941 January 27
Field Marshal Archibald Wavell 1941 July 5 Left to take command of the short lived ABDACOM
General Sir Alan Flemming Hartley 1942 January 5
Field Marshal Archibald Wavell 1942 March 7 Reapointed, Hartley appointed Deputy C-in-C
Field Marshal Sir Claude Auchinleck 1943 June 20 1947 August 15 Became Supreme Commander India & Pakistan
General Sir Robert McGregor Macdonald Lockhart 1947 August 15
General Sir Francis Robert Roy Bucher 1947 December 31

Since 1947

  • http://www.regiments.org/biography/defchiefs/in2CinC.htm

External links

list of C-in-Cs (see talk page) (http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/LAND-FORCES/Army/Army-Chiefs/Chiefs-Army-Old.html)


 
 

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