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Encyclopedia > Comedy
Literature
Major forms

Epic · Romance · Novel
Tragedy · Comedy · Drama Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Old book bindings at the Merton College library. ... The epic is a broadly defined genre of narrative poetry, characterized by great length, multiple settings, large numbers of characters, or long span of time involved. ... As a literary genre, romance or chivalric romance refers to a style of heroic prose and verse narrative current in Europe from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance. ... This article is about the literary concept. ... For other uses, see Tragedy (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Drama (disambiguation). ...

Media

Performance · Book Buskers perform in San Francisco A performance, in performing arts, generally comprises an event in which one group of people (the performer or performers) behave in a particular way for another group of people (the audience). ... For other uses, see Book (disambiguation). ...

Techniques

Prose · Poetry Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to the patterns of everyday speech. ... This article is about the art form. ...

History and lists

Basic topics · Literary terms
History · Modern history
Books · Authors
Literary awards · Poetry awards Literature is prose, written or oral, including fiction and non-fiction, drama and poetry. ... The following is a list of literary terms; that is, those words used in discussion, classification, criticism, and analysis of literature. ... The history of literature is the historical development of writings in prose or poetry which attempt to provide entertainment, enlightenment, or instruction to the reader/hearer/observer, as well as the development of the literary techniques used in the communication of these pieces. ... This article is homosexual and should be burned the second in a series of The History of Literature. ... These are lists of books: List of books by title List of books by author Lists of authors List of anonymously published works (List of Hiberno-Saxon illustrated manuscripts) List of books by genre or type List of books by award or notoriety List of books by year of publication... The following are lists of authors and writers: By name A – B – C – D – E – F – G – H – I – J – K – L – M – N – O – P – Q – R – S – T &#8211... It has been suggested that the section Literature from the article List of prizes, medals, and awards be merged into this article or section. ... This is a list of awards that are, or have been, given out to writers of poetry, either for a specific poem, collection of poems, or body of work. ...

Discussion

Criticism · Theory · Magazines Literary criticism is the study, discussion, evaluation, and interpretation of literature. ... Literary theory is the theory (or the philosophy) of the interpretation of literature and literary criticism. ... A literary magazine is a periodical devoted to literature in a broad sense. ...

A comedy is a dramatic performance of a light and amusing character, usually with a happy conclusion to its plot. Much comedy contains variations on the elements of surprise, incongruity, conflict, repetitiveness, and the effect of opposite expectations, but there are many recognized genres of comedy. Satire and political satire use ironic comedy to portray persons or social institutions as ridiculous or corrupt, thus alienating their audience from the object of humor. Parody borrows the form of some popular genre, artwork, or text but uses certain ironic changes to critique that form from within (though not necessarily in a condemning way). Screwball comedy derives its humor largely from bizarre, surprising (and improbable) situations or characters. Black comedy is defined by dark humor that makes light of so called dark or evil elements in human nature. Similarly scatological humor, sexual humor, and race humor create comedy by violating social conventions or taboos in comedic ways. A comedy of manners typically takes as its subject a particular part of society (usually upper class society) and uses humor to parody or satirize the behavior and mannerisms of its members. Romantic comedy is a popular genre that depicts burgeoning romance in humorous terms and focuses on the foibles of those falling in love. Ironic redirects here. ... 1867 edition of Punch, a ground-breaking British magazine of popular humour, including a good deal of satire of the contemporary social and political scene. ... Political satire is a subgenre of general satire that specializes in gaining entertainment from politics, politicians and public affairs. ... In contemporary usage, a parody (or lampoon) is a work that imitates another work in order to ridicule, ironically comment on, or poke some affectionate fun at the work itself, the subject of the work, the author or fictional voice of the parody, or another subject. ... A genre [], (French: kind or sort from Greek: γένος (genos)) is a loose set of criteria for a category of literary composition; the term is also used for any other form of art or utterance. ... Chinese Jade ornament with flower design, Jin Dynasty (1115-1234 AD), Shanghai Museum. ... Look up text in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the form of speech, see Irony. ... The screwball comedy has proven to be one of the most elusive of the film genres. ... This article is about a tone of comedy. ... For other uses, see Evil (disambiguation). ... Toilet humor or potty humor (humour in Commonwealth English) is a type of humor dealing with bodily toilet functions. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about cultural prohibitions in general, for other uses, see Taboo (disambiguation). ... The comedy of manners satirizes the manners and affectations of a social class, often represented by stock characters, such as the miles gloriosus in ancient times, the fop and the rake during the Restoration, or an old person pretending to be young. ... A romantic comedy may be a film or novel, presenting a story about romance in a comedic style. ...

Contents

Derivation

The word "comedy" is derived from the Classical Greek κωμῳδία, which is a compound either of κῶμος (revel) or κώμη (village) and ᾠδή (singing): it is possible that κῶμος itself is derived from κώμη, and originally meant a village revel. The History of Greece extends back to the arrival of the Greeks in Europe some time before 1500 BC, even though there has only been an independent state called Greece since Turkey, Italy and Libya. ... Komos or Chorus?, revellry scene from an Attic Komast cup, ca. ...


In ancient Greece, comedy seems to have originated in bawdy and ribald songs or recitations apropos of fertility festivals or gatherings, or also in poking fun at other people or stereotypes.[1] Ribaldry is the third and somewhat neglected genre of sexual entertainments, something different from either pornography or erotica, yet is often confused with them. ...


Aristotle, in his Poetics, states that comedy originated in Phallic songs and the light treatment of the otherwise base and ugly. He also adds that the origins of comedy are obscure because it was not treated seriously from its inception.[2] For other uses, see Aristotle (disambiguation). ...


The word came into modern usage through the Latin comoedia and Italian commedia and has, over time, passed through various shades of meaning. In the middle ages it simply defined a story with a happy ending; thus some of Chaucer's tales are called comedies, and in this sense Dante used the term in the title of his poem, La Commedia. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... DANTE is also a digital audio network. ...


The adjective "comic" (Greek κωμικός), which strictly means that which relates to comedy is, in modern usage, generally confined to the sense of "laughter-provoking". The phenomena connected with laughter and that which provokes it has been carefully investigated by psychologists and agreed upon the predominating characteristics are incongruity or contrast in the object, and shock or emotional seizure on the part of the subject. It has also been held that the feeling of superiority is an essential, if not the essential, factor: thus Hobbes speaks of laughter as a "sudden glory." Modern investigators have paid much attention to the origin both of laughter and of smiling, as well as the development of the "play instinct" and its emotional expression. The word characteristic has several meanings: In mathematics, see characteristic (algebra) characteristic function characteristic subgroup Euler characteristic method of characteristics In genetics, see characteristic (genetics). ... Hobbes redirects here. ...


As comedy progressed through the ages, it progressed onto television and film. With shows like family guy. "Peter" and south park "suck my balls" it has become funny


See also

Forms

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Comedy film is genre of film in which the main emphasis is on humor. ... Anarchic comedy (or wacky comedy) is a genre of cinema using nonsensical, stream-of-consciousness humor. ... george loves celeste is a sub-genre of comedy movies in which the producers aim to gross out their audience with disgusting and disturbing material, such as sexual or toilet humor. ... A parody or spoof film is a comedy that satirizes other film genres or classic films. ... Romantic comedy films are movies with light-hearted, humorous dramatic stories centered around romantic ideals such as a true love able to surmount most obstacles [1] or the perfect couple. ... The screwball comedy is a subgenre of the comedy film genre. ... Slapstick films are a type of comedy film that employ slapstick comedy with five main conventions: Pain with no real consequence Editing to turn a situation more unrealistic Impossible situations Zooms to confuse the audience Off screen use of sounds for impossible stunts and tension for audience Films: Home Alone... A comic novel is a work of fiction in which the writer seeks to amuse the reader: sometimes with subtlety and as part of a carefully woven narrative, sometimes above all other considerations. ... Dramedy, a portmanteau of drama and comedy, is a genre of movies and television in which the lines between these very different genres were blurred. ... Improvisational comedy (also called improv) is comedy that is performed with a little to no predetermination of subject matter and structure. ... This list is limited to comedians who also played an instrument onstage. ... B. J. Novak in a stand-up comedy routine at Olde English sketch comedy in June 2007. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An impressionist is a performer whose act consists of giving the impression of being someone else by imitating the other persons voice and mannerisms. ... A one-liner is a joke that is delivered in a single line. ... Comedy may be divided into multiple genres based on the source of humour, the method of delivery, and the context in which it is delivered. ... Sketch Show redirects here. ... Television comedy had a presence from the earliest days of broadcasting. ... Radio comedy, or comedic radio programming, is a radio broadcast that may involve sitcom elements, sketches, and many other forms of comedy found on other mediums. ... This article is about a genre of comedy. ... Tragicomedy refers to fictional works that blend aspects of the genres of tragedy and comedy. ...

Styles

Main article: Comedy genres

Comedy may be divided into multiple genres based on the source of humour, the method of delivery, and the context in which it is delivered. ... An adage (IPA ), or adagium (Latin), is a short, but memorable saying, which holds some important fact of experience that is considered true by many people, or it has gained some credibility through its long use. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about a tone of comedy. ... For other uses, see Fantasy (disambiguation). ... Ironic redirects here. ... Observational comedy is a brand of humor based on making remarks about various facets of daily life. ... In contemporary usage, a parody (or lampoon) is a work that imitates another work in order to ridicule, ironically comment on, or poke some affectionate fun at the work itself, the subject of the work, the author or fictional voice of the parody, or another subject. ... Political satire is a subgenre of general satire that specializes in gaining entertainment from politics, politicians and public affairs. ... 1867 edition of Punch, a ground-breaking British magazine of popular humour, including a good deal of satire of the contemporary social and political scene. ... This article is about a genre of comedy. ... For other uses, see Slapstick (disambiguation). ...

History of theatre

[3] // The origin of me pooping my pants and Asian theatre can be traced to over 3500 years ago, beginning with early 3000BC Main article: Sanskrit Plays Folk theatre and dramatics can be traced to the religious ritualism of the Vedic Aryans. ... Greek comedy is the name given to a wide genre of theatrical plays written, and performed, in Ancient Greece. ... Sketch of Aristophanes Aristophanes (Greek: , ca. ... Bust of Menander Menander (342–291 BC) (Greek ), Greek dramatist, the chief representative of the New Comedy, was born in Athens. ... This article is about theatrical performances in ancient Rome. ... Titus Macchius Plautus, generally referred to simply as Plautus, was a playwright of Ancient Rome. ... Publius Terentius Afer, better known as Terence, was a comic playwright of the Roman Republic. ... Photograph of Sally Rand, 1934. ... Music Hall is a form of British theatrical entertainment which reached its peak of popularity between 1850 and 1960. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about Performance art. ... City comedy is a common genre of Elizabethan drama. ... Thomas Dekker, (c. ... Thomas Middleton (1580 – 1627) was an English Jacobean playwright and poet. ... For other persons of the same name, see Ben Johnson (disambiguation). ... “Clowning” redirects here. ... Richard Tarlton (d. ... William Kempe (also spelled Kemp) (fl. ... Title page of Armins The History of the two Maids of More-Clacke, 1609. ... Comedy of Humours: The special genre of comedy that was developed in the closing years of the sixteenth century by Ben Jonson and George Chapman and that derives its comic interest largely from the exhibition of character whose conduct is controlled by one characteristic or humour. ... For other persons of the same name, see Ben Johnson (disambiguation). ... This article is about George Chapman the English literary figure; see George Chapman (murderer) for the Victorian poisoner of the same name. ... Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli (May 3, 1469 – June 21, 1527) was an Italian political philosopher, musician, poet, and romantic comedic playwright. ... Lope de Vega Lope de Vega (also Félix Lope de Vega Carpio or Lope Félix de Vega Carpio) (25 November 1562 – 27 August 1635) was a Spanish playwright and poet. ... The comedy of manners satirizes the manners and affectations of a social class, often represented by stock characters, such as the miles gloriosus in ancient times, the fop and the rake during the Restoration, or an old person pretending to be young. ... Molière, engraved on the frontispiece to his Works. ... William Wycherley in 1675. ... William Congreve (January 24, 1670 – January 19, 1729) was an English playwright and poet. ... Comedy of menace is a term used to describe the plays of David Campton and Harold Pinter by drama critic Irving Wardle, borrowed from the subtitle of Camptons play The Lunatic View: A Comedy of Menace, in reviewing their plays in Encore in 1958. ... David Campton (June 5, 1924–September 9, 2006) was a prolific British dramatist who wrote plays for the stage, radio, and cinema for thirty-five years. ... Harold Pinter, CH, CBE (born 10 October 1930) is an English playwright, screenwriter, poet, actor, director, author, and political activist. ... Comédie larmoyante (lit. ... Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée (February 14, 1692 - May 14, 1754), French dramatist, was born in Paris. ... Louis-Sébastien Mercier (6 June 1740 - 25 April 1814) was a French dramatist and miscellaneous writer. ... Commedia redirects here. ... Dario Fo (born March 24, 1926) is an Italian satirist, playwright, theater director, actor, and composer. ... Vsevolod Emilevich Meyerhold (born Karl Kazimir Theodor Meyerhold) (1874 - 1940) was a Russian theatrical director, actor and theorist. ... Jacques Copeau (February 4, 1879 – October 20, 1949) was an influential French theatre director, producer, actor, and dramatist. ... Look up farce in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Georges Feydeau, (8 December 1862 - 5 June 1921) was a French playwright of the era known as La Belle Epoque. ... Joe Orton Joe Orton (Born: John Kingsley Orton 1 January 1933, Leicester, England. ... Sir Alan Ayckbourn CBE (born April 12, 1939) is a popular and prolific English playwright. ... For other uses of Jester, see Jester (disambiguation). ... Oliver Goldsmith Oliver Goldsmith (November 10, 1730 or 1728 – April 4, 1774) was an Irish writer and physician known for his novel The Vicar of Wakefield (1766), his pastoral poem The Deserted Village (1770) (written in memory of his brother), and his plays The Good-naturd Man (1768) and... Richard Brinsley Sheridan Richard Brinsley Sheridan (October 30, 1751 – July 7, 1816) was an Irish playwright and Whig statesman. ... Refinement meets burlesque in Restoration comedy. ... Sir George Etherege (1635? - c. ... A sketch of Aphra Behn by George Scharf from a portrait believed to be lost. ... Sir John Vanbrugh in Godfrey Knellers Kit-cat portrait, considered one of Knellers finest portraits. ... Colley Cibber, actor, playwright, Poet Laureate, first British actor-manager, and head Dunce of Alexander Popes Dunciad. ... Sir Richard Steele (bap. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Cover of the first edition of the publication, Dada. ... Max Ernst. ... Cabaret is a form of entertainment featuring comedy, song, dance, and theatre, distinguished mainly by the performance venue — a restaurant or nightclub with a stage for performances and the audience sitting around the tables (often dining or drinking) watching the performance. ... The Theatre of the Absurd, or Theater of the Absurd (French: Le Théâtre de lAbsurde) is a designation for particular plays written by a number of primarily European playwrights in the late 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s, as well as to the style of theatre which has evolved from... Samuel Barclay Beckett (13 April 1906 – 22 December 1989) was an Irish dramatist, novelist and poet. ... Harold Pinter, CH, CBE (born 10 October 1930) is an English playwright, screenwriter, poet, actor, director, author, and political activist. ... Jean Genet (French IPA: ) (December 19, 1910) – April 15, 1986), was a prominent, controversial French writer and later political activist. ... Eugène Ionesco Eugène Ionesco, born Eugen Ionescu, (November 26, 1909 – March 29, 1994) was a French-Romanian playwright and dramatist, one of the foremost playwrights of the Theatre of the Absurd. ...


Definitions

A comedian, or comic, is an entertainer who amuses an audience by making them laugh. ... A comedy club is a venue, typically a nightclub, where people watch or listen to performances, including stand-up comedians, improvisational comedians, impersonators, magicians, ventriloquists and other comedy acts. ...

Comedy events and awards

The British Comedy Awards is an annual awards ceremony in the United Kingdom celebrating notable comedians and entertainment performances of the previous year. ... The Canadian Comedy Awards is an annual awards ceremony celebrating notable Canadian comedians for achievements in live, TV and film comedy over the previous year. ... Festival Logo 2006 The Cat Laughs Comedy Festival is a comedy festival held each year in Kilkenny, Ireland. ... Categories: Festival stubs | Edinburgh ... Just for Laughs (in French Juste Pour Rire) is a comedy festival held each July in Montreal, Quebec. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The New York Underground Comedy Festival is a comedy festival. ...

Lists of comedy performers

A comedian is one who entertains through comedy, such as jokes and other forms of humour. ...

By nationality

This is a list of comedians of British birth or famous mainly in Britain. ... Aykroyd, Dan - Actor (Ghostbusters, Blues Brothers), formerly of Saturday Night Live Bee, Samantha - of the Daily Show Bowser and Blue - Comic Singing Duo Broadfoot, David - formerly of Royal Canadian Air Farce Bullard, Mike - former late night talk show host Butt, Brent - portrays Brent Leroy on Corner Gas Candy, John - Actor... This is a list of Finnish comedians. ... This is a list of German language comedians. ... This is a list of Italian comedians sorted by last name: Diego Abantantuono Roberto Benigni Fred Buscaglione Adriano Celentano Aldo Fabrizi Franco Franchi Ciccio Ingrassia Nino Manfredi Enrico Montesano Renato Pozzetto Alberto Sordi Totò Carlo Verdone Paolo Villaggio See also List of comedians List of Italians Categories: Lists of people... This is a list of famous Mexican comedians: Luis de Alba Cantinflas Pablo Cheng Eugenio Derbez Huicho Dominguez Aarón González Adal Ramones Guillermo Rivas Paco Stanley Arath de la Torre Víctor Trujillo Germán Valdés Ramón Valdés María Elena Velasco This list is... The following is a list of comedians who are from Puerto Rico or of Puerto Rican descent: Uncle Ho a. ... Asrani Jagdeep Rajpal Yadav Kader Khan Jhony Leever Paresh Rawal Yashpal Vatti Sunil Pal Raju Shrivastav Utpal Dutta Nabadweep Halder Rabi Ghosh (aka Rabindranath Ghosh Dastidar) Bhanu Bandyopadhyay Chinmay Ray Tulsi Chakraborty Jahar Ganguly Anup Kumar (Actor) This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ...

Lists of comedy programs

A British sitcom is a situation comedy (sitcom) produced in the United Kingdom. ... British Comedy, in film, radio and television, is known for its consistently quirky characters, plots and settings, and has produced some of the most famous and memorable comic actors and characters in the last fifty years. ... Comedy Central is an American cable television and satellite television channel in the United States. ... German television comedy: Germany has a long tradition of television comedy stretching as far back as the 1950s, and with its origins in cabaret and radio. ... Many successful British TV shows (particularly sitcoms) have been remade for the American market. ... Paramount Comedy is a channel available in Spain through satellite plataform Digital+ and cable services. ... Paramount Comedy is a television channel shown in the UK. As the name suggests, it is owned by Paramount Pictures (aka Viacom) and concentrates on comedy. ... It has been suggested that Paramount Comedy 2 be merged into this article or section. ... Paramount Comedy 2 is a television channel shown in Ireland and the United Kingdom. ... TBS also stands for Tokyo Broadcasting System, a Japanese television network. ... The Comedy Channel (promoted on air as comedy) is an Australian subscription television channel available on Foxtel, Austar and Optus Television. ... The Comedy Channel was a United Kingdom subscription television channel during the early 1990s. ... The Comedy Channel was a 1989 all-comedy network owned by Time Warner, which merged in 1991 with Viacoms HA! to become Comedy Central. ... This article should appear in one or more categories. ... Comedy Central is an American cable television and satellite television channel in the United States. ... The Comedy Network (TCN) is a Canadian cable television specialty channel owned by CTV Television Inc. ...

Other lists

A list of comedies by medium and country of origin. ... This is a partial list of New York Improv comedians. ...

Related articles

For other uses, see Humour (disambiguation). ... A joke is a short story or ironic depiction of a situation communicated with the intent of being humorous. ... For other uses, see Laughter (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Rule of three. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Francis MacDonald Cornford, The Origin of Attic Comedy, 1934.
  2. ^ Aristotle, Poetics, lines beginning at 1449a. [1]
  3. ^ This list was compiled with reference to The Cambridge Guide to Theatre (1998).

References

  • Aristotle, Poetics.
  • Buckham, Philip Wentworth, Theatre of the Greeks, 1827.
  • Marteinson, Peter, On the Problem of the Comic: A Philosophical Study on the Origins of Laughter, Legas Press, Ottawa, 2006.
  • Pickard-Cambridge, Sir Arthur Wallace
    • Dithyramb, Tragedy, and Comedy , 1927.
    • The Theatre of Dionysus in Athens, 1946.
    • The Dramatic Festivals of Athens, 1953.
  • Raskin, Victor, The Semantic Mechanisms of Humor, 1985.
  • Riu, Xavier, Dionysism and Comedy, 1999. [2]
  • Sourvinou-Inwood, Christiane, Tragedy and Athenian Religion, Oxford University Press, 2003.
  • Wiles, David, The Masked Menander: Sign and Meaning in Greek and Roman Performance, 1991.

External links

Comedy at the Open Directory Project The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ...


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