The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines micropolitan and metropolitan statistical areas. Metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas consist of one or more counties (or county-equivalents). Currently defined metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas are based on application of the 2000 standards (which appeared in the Federal Register on December 27, 2000) to Census 2000 data, as updated by application of those standards to more recent Census Bureau population estimates. The current definition is as of December 2006. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is a body within the Executive Office of the President of the United States (EOP) which is tasked with coordinating United States Federal agencies. ...
United States micropolitan areas, as defined by the Census Bureau and the Office of Management and Budget, are areas in the United States based around a core city or town with a population of 10,000 to 49,999. ...
In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas. ...
The Federal Register contains most routine publications and public notices of United States government agencies. ...
December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ...
2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...
2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...
The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ...
If specified criteria are met, adjacent metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas, in various combinations, may become the components of a new set of areas called **combined statistical areas** (CSAs). Using Census Bureau data the OMB compiles lists of CSAs. The areas that combine retain their own designations as metropolitan or micropolitan statistical areas within the larger combined statistical area. There are 126 CSAs defined by OMB as of December 2006. Note that CSAs represent *multiple* metropolitan or micropolitan areas that have a high degree of employment interchange. CSAs often represent regions with common labor and media markets. The use of CSAs as a representation for a single metropolitan area is not always appropriate.
## Largest CSAs
The following is a list of the 25 largest combined statistical areas in the United States, according to the July 1, 2006 U.S. Census Bureau estimates. See the Table of United States Combined Statistical Areas for a sortable table of all 121 Combined Statistical Areas. Map of the Combined Statistical Areas of the United States and Puerto Rico Main article: Combined Statistical Area The following sortable table lists the 121 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) of the United States. ...
Note that not all metropolitan areas are part of a CSA (e.g., the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ Metropolitan Statistical Area.) This table does not represent the 25 largest population centers in the United States. See the Table of United States primary census statistical areas for a sortable table of the largest metropolitan areas of the United States. The Miami Urbanized Area stretches along the Atlantic Coast for most of the length of the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach Metropolitan Area, but is confined to a relatively narrow area between the coast and the Everglades. ...
Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government - Type Council-Manager - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area - City 515. ...
Map of the Core Based Statistical Areas of the United States and Puerto Rico (MSAs in red and Î¼SAs in blue) Map of the Combined Statistical Areas of the United States and Puerto Rico // The following sortable table lists the 718 primary census statistical areas[1] of the United States...
Rank | Combined Statistical Area | State(s) | 2006 Estimate | 2000 Population | 1990 Population | Percent Change (2000–2005) | Percent Change (1990–2000) | 1 | New York–Newark–Bridgeport | NY–NJ–CT–PA | 21,976,224 | 21,361,797 | 19,710,239 | 2.5 | 8.4 | 2 | Los Angeles–Long Beach–Riverside | CA | 17,775,984 | 16,373,645 | 14,531,529 | 7.7 | 12.7 | 3 | Chicago–Naperville–Michigan City | IL–IN–WI | 9,725,317 | 9,312,255 | 8,385,397 | 3.8 | 11.1 | 4 | Washington–Baltimore–Northern Virginia | DC–MD–VA–WV | 8,211,213 | 7,572,647 | | 7.3 | | 5 | Boston–Worcester–Manchester | MA–RI–NH | 7,465,634 | 7,298,695 | | 1.8 | | 6 | San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland | CA | 7,228,948 | 7,092,596 | 6,290,008 | 1.1 | 12.8 | 7 | Philadelphia–Camden–Vineland | PA–NJ–DE–MD | 6,382,714 | 6,207,223 | | 2.7 | | 8 | Dallas–Fort Worth | TX | 6,359,758 | 5,487,956 | | 12.5 | | 9 | Houston–Baytown–Huntsville | TX | 5,641,077 | 4,815,122 | 3,855,180 | 11.7 | 24.9 | 10 | Atlanta–Sandy Springs–Gainesville | GA–AL | 5,478,667 | 4,548,344 | 3,317,380 | 15.4 | 37.1 | 11 | Detroit–Warren–Flint | MI | 5,410,014 | 5,357,538 | 5,095,695 | 1.3 | 5.1 | 12 | Seattle–Tacoma–Olympia | WA | 3,876,211 | 3,604,165 | 3,008,669 | 5.6 | 19.8 | 13 | Minneapolis–St. Paul–St. Cloud | MN–WI | 3,502,891 | 3,271,888 | 2,809,713 | 6.0 | 16.4 | 14 | Denver–Aurora–Boulder | CO | 2,927,911 | 2,629,980 | | 9.1 | | 15 | Cleveland–Akron–Elyria | OH | 2,917,801 | 2,945,831 | 2,859,644 | -0.5 | 3.0 | 16 | St. Louis–St. Charles–Farmington | MO–IL | 2,858,549 | 2,754,328 | 2,629,801 | 3.1 | 4.7 | † | San Juan–Caguas–Fajardo | PR | 2,694,909 | 2,622,876 | 2,429,378 | 2.7 | 8.0 | 17 | Pittsburgh–New Castle | PA | 2,462,571 | 2,525,730 | 2,564,535 | -1.9 | -1.5 | 18 | Sacramento–Arden-Arcade–Yuba City | CA–NV | 2,211,790 | 1,930,149 | 1,587,249 | 13.3 | 21.6 | 19 | Charlotte–Gastonia–Salisbury | NC–SC | 2,191,604 | 1,897,034 | 1,501,663 | 11.8 | 26.3 | 20 | Cincinnati–Middletown–Wilmington | OH–KY–IN | 2,147,617 | 2,050,175 | 1,880,332 | 3.1 | 9.0 | 21 | Orlando–Deltona–Daytona Beach | FL | 2,053,623 | 1,697,906 | 1,256,429 | 17.6 | 35.1 | 22 | Kansas City–Overland Park–Kansas City | MO–KS | 2,034,796 | 1,901,070 | 1,695,974 | 6.0 | 12.1 | 23 | Indianapolis–Anderson–Columbus | IN | 1,984,644 | 1,843,588 | 1,594,779 | 6.2 | 15.6 | 24 | Columbus–Marion–Chillicothe | OH | 1,953,575 | 1,835,189 | 1,613,711 | 5.5 | 13.7 | 25 | Las Vegas–Paradise–Pahrump | NV | 1,820,232 | 1,408,250 | | 24.3 | | The New York metropolitan area is the most populous in the United States and the fourth most populous in the world (after Tokyo, Seoul, and Mexico City). ...
The Greater Los Angeles Area, or the Southland, is the agglomeration of urbanized area around the city of Los Angeles, California, United States. ...
This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...
It has been suggested that National Capital Region (United States) be merged into this article or section. ...
Greater Boston is the area of the U.S. state of Massachusetts closely surrounding the city of Boston. ...
USGS satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ...
The Delaware Valley, also known as the Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD Metropolitan Combined Statistical Area, is named for the Delaware River which flows through the region. ...
The Dallasâ€“Fort Worthâ€“Arlington metropolitan area, a title designated by the U.S. Census as of 2003, encompasses 12 counties within the U.S. state of Texas. ...
The Houstonâ€“Sugar Landâ€“Baytown metropolitan area, a title designated by the U.S. Census as of 2003, is the seventh-largest metropolitan area and one of the most diverse[2] in the United States consisting of 10 counties within the state of Texas. ...
The Atlanta metropolitan area, commonly referred to as Metro Atlanta in Georgia, is the ninth-largest metropolitan area in the United States and consists of 28 counties in Georgia. ...
A simulated-color satellite image of Metro Detroit, with Windsor across the river, taken on NASAs Landsat 7 satellite. ...
The Seattle metropolitan area includes the city of Seattle, Washington; King County, Washington; and several surrounding cities and counties in the Puget Sound area. ...
A map of the Twin Cities metropolitan area. ...
The Denver-Aurora-Boulder Combined Statistical Area is a United States Census Bureau defined Combined Statistical Area (CSA) located in the Denver region of the State of Colorado. ...
NASA image of Greater Cleveland and Lake Erie Greater Cleveland is a nickname for the metropolitan area surrounding Cleveland in Ohio. ...
The St. ...
Nickname: Location of San Juan within the island of Puerto Rico Coordinates: Country United States Territory Puerto Rico Founded 1508/1521 Area - City 76. ...
Caguas (founded in 1775) is a municipality located in the eastern central area of Puerto Rico. ...
Fajardo is a small but popular city located on the north east coast of Puerto Rico. ...
The Pittsburgh metropolitan area is the U.S. Census-defined seven county region surrounding the city of Pittsburgh in Western Pennsylvania, United States. ...
Location of Sacramento in Sacramento County, California County Sacramento Government - Mayor Heather Fargo Area - City 99. ...
Arden-Arcade is a census-designated place (CDP) in Sacramento County, California, United States. ...
Town Square located in downtown Yuba City. ...
Counties most commonly associated with the Charlote Metro area are in dark red, counties often included are light red, and counties sometimes included are in orange. ...
The Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky metropolitan area The Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky____the worst place on the planet____ metropolitan area is a metropolitan area that includes 15 counties in Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana. ...
Nickname: Location in Orange County and the state of Florida. ...
Deltona is a city located in southwestern Volusia County, Florida. ...
Daytona Beach in 2005 Daytona Beach is a city in Volusia County, Florida, USA. As of 2004, the population estimates recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau is 64,422. ...
Kansas City satellite map The Kansas City Metropolitan Area is a metropolitan area situated at the confluence of the Kansas and Missouri Rivers (Kaw Point) and straddling the state border between Missouri and Kansas. ...
The Nine-County Region (Metro Indianapolis Area) is an informal name to an area comprising (not surprisingly) nine counties in the center of the U.S. state of Indiana with a population of almost 2 million residents. ...
The Columbus Metropolitan Area is the metropolitan area centered on American city of Columbus, Ohio. ...
The Las Vegas metropolitan area, includes the Las Vegas Valley a 600 square mile (1600 kmÂ²) basin, and surrounding areas, that are part of Clark County in southern Nevada. ...
## See also
Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 Ã— 520 pixel Image in higher resolution (1513 Ã— 983 pixel, file size: 64 KB, MIME type: image/png) Based off of Image:United States Administrative Divisions. ...
U.S. Census Bureau statistical areas by state, district, or territory AS GU MP VI Map of the 67 counties of the State of Alabama The United States Census Bureau has defined 7 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 12 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 13 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Alabama. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined two Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs)[1] and three Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[2] for the State of Alaska. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined six Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs)[1] and four Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[2] in the State of Arizona. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 2 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 8 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 14 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Arkansas. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 4 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 26 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 9 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of California. ...
Map of the 64 counties of the State of Colorado The United States Census Bureau has defined one Combined Statistical Area (CSA),[1] seven Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and seven Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Colorado. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined two Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] four Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and two Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Connecticut. ...
Map of the three counties of the State of Delaware The United States Census Bureau has defined one Combined Statistical Area (CSA),[1] two Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and one Micropolitan Statistical Area (Î¼SA)[3] in the State of Delaware. ...
Map of the Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV Consolidated Statistical Area The United States Census Bureau has defined one Combined Statistical Area (CSA)[1] and one Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)[2] in the District of Columbia. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 3 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 20 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 10 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Florida. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 5 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 15 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 24 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Georgia. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined one Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)[1] and three Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[2] for the State of Hawaii. ...
Map of the 44 counties of the State of Idaho The United States Census Bureau has defined one Combined Statistical Area (CSA),[1] six Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and eight Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Idaho. ...
Map of the 102 counties of the State of Illinois The United States Census Bureau has defined 6 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 11 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 23 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Illinois. ...
Map of the 92 counties of the State of Indiana The United States Census Bureau has defined 8 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 16 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 25 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Indiana. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 4 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 9 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 15 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Iowa. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 2 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 5 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 15 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Kansas. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 6 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 9 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 17 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the Commonwealth of Kentucky. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 7 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 8 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 17 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Louisiana. ...
Map of the 16 counties of the State of Maine The United States Census Bureau has defined one Combined Statistical Area (CSA),[1] three Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and two Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Maine. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined three Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] six Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and four Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Maryland. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined one Combined Statistical Area (CSA)[1] and six Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs)[2] in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 5 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 15 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 8 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Michigan. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 2 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 7 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 18 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Minnesota. ...
Map of the 82 counties of the State of Mississippi The United States Census Bureau has defined 3 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 5 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 20 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Mississippi. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 3 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 8 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 20 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Missouri. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined three Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs)[1] and five Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[2] in the State of Montana. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined two Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] three Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and ten Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Nebraska. ...
Map of the 16 counties and 1 independent city of the State of Nevada The United States Census Bureau has defined three Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] three Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and five Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Nevada. ...
Map of the ten counties of the State of New Hampshire The United States Census Bureau has defined two Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] two Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and six Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of New Hampshire. ...
Map of the 21 counties of the State of New Jersey The United States Census Bureau has defined two Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs)[1] and seven Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs)[2] in the State of New Jersey. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 2 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 4 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 15 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of New Mexico. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 6 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 12 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 15 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of New York. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 5 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 15 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 26 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of North Carolina. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined one Combined Statistical Area (CSA),[1] three Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and five Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of North Dakota. ...
Map of the 88 counties of the State of Ohio The United States Census Bureau has defined 9 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 16 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 29 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Ohio. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 2 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 4 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 17 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Oklahoma. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 2 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 6 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 13 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Oregon. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 8 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 16 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 21 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. ...
Map of the five counties of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations The United States Census Bureau has defined one Combined Statistical Area (CSA)[1] and one Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)[2] in the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 4 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 10 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 13 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of South Carolina. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined one Combined Statistical Area (CSA),[1] three Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and nine Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of South Dakota. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 6 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 10 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 20 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Tennessee. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 8 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 25 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 43 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Texas. ...
Map of the 29 counties of the State of Utah The United States Census Bureau has defined one Combined Statistical Area (CSA),[1] five Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and five Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Utah. ...
Map of the 14 counties of the State of Vermont The United States Census Bureau has defined one Combined Statistical Area (CSA),[1] one Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA),[2] and five Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Vermont. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 2 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 11 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 4 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the Commonwealth of Virginia. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 1 Combined Statistical Area (CSA),[1] 12 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 9 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Washington. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined three Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] ten Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and six Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of West Virginia. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined 8 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 15 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 13 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] in the State of Wisconsin. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined two Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs)[1] and seven Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[2] in the State of Wyoming. ...
The United States Census Bureau has defined three Combined Statistical Area (CSA),[1] eight Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and five Micropolitan Statistical Areas (Î¼SAs)[3] for the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. ...
Map of the Core Based Statistical Areas of the United States and Puerto Rico (MSAs in red and Î¼SAs in blue) Map of the Combined Statistical Areas of the United States and Puerto Rico // The following sortable table lists the 718 primary census statistical areas[1] of the United States...
Map of the Combined Statistical Areas of the United States and Puerto Rico Main article: Combined Statistical Area The following sortable table lists the 121 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) of the United States. ...
Map of the Core Based Statistical Areas of the United States and Puerto Rico (MSAs in red and Î¼SAs in blue) Main articles: Metropolitan Statistical Area and Core Based Statistical Area The following sortable table lists the 361 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) of the United States. ...
It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with List of United States micropolitan areas. ...
## External links |