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Encyclopedia > Combined Cadet Force

The Combined Cadet Force (CCF) is a Ministry of Defence sponsored youth organisation in the United Kingdom. Its aim is to "provide a disciplined organisation in a school so that pupils may develop powers of leadership by means of training to promote the qualities of responsibility, self reliance, resourcefulness, endurance and perseverance". It is not a pre-service organisation, although it acknowledges that one of its objectives is "to encourage those who have an interest in the services to become Officers of the Regular or Reserve Forces", and a significant number of officers have indeed had experience in the CCF. Prior to 1948 cadet forces in schools existed as part of the Officers' Training Corps framework, but in 1948 the Labour government founded the Combined Cadet Force as a separate entity on the grounds that the previous name was deemed elitist. The Ministry of Defence (MOD) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for implementation of government defence policy and the headquarters of the British Armed Forces. ... The Officers Training Corps (OTC) is a part of the British Army that provides military training to students at British universities. ... The Labour Party has been, since its founding in the early 20th century, the principal political party of the left in England, Scotland and Wales. ...

Contents

Contingents

The first school cadet corps was established at Rossall School in 1859, though it was created purely an army contingent, there being no RAF at the time. Other corps at Eton College and other public schools within months. Unit contingents exist in UK independent schools, some grammar schools and a handful of comprehensive schools. Rossall School is a British, co-educational, independent, day and boarding school inbetween Cleveleys and Fleetwood, Lancashire. ... RAF is an three letter acronym for: Royal Air Force -- the Air Force of the United Kingdom (see also Air Ministry) Red Army Faction (Rote Armee Fraktion) -- a German terror organisation Rigas Autobusu Fabrika -- a factory making buses in Riga, Latvia Rapid Action Force in India Računarski Fakultet RAF... The Kings College of Our Lady of Eton beside Windsor, commonly known as Eton College or just Eton, is a public school (privately funded and independent) for boys, founded in 1440 by King Henry VI. It is located in Eton, Berkshire, near Windsor in England, situated north of Windsor... An independent school is a school which is not dependent upon national or local government for financing its operation and is instead operated by tuition charges, gifts, and perhaps the investment yield of an endowment. ... A grammar school is one of several different types of school in the history of education in the United Kingdom. ... A Comprehensive school is a type of school providing secondary level education in England or Wales. ...


The CCF is distinct from the Sea Cadet Corps, Army Cadet Force, and Air Training Corps. Badge of the Sea Cadet Corps. ... The Army Cadet Force (ACF) is a British youth organisation that offers progressive training in a multitude of the subjects from military training to adventurous training and first aid, at the same time as promoting achievement, discipline and good citizenship, to boys and girls aged 12 to 18 years and... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

  • The Royal Navy Section wear a distinct CCF Cap Badge .
  • Army Sections wear the cap badge of their associated regiment or corps, or their school badge.
  • The RAF Sections of the CCF wear the RAF cap badge.

Pupils normally join around the age of 13 or 14, with both sexes taking part. A school contingent may have any combination of Royal Navy, Army, Royal Air Force sections, and rarely Royal Marines. The Army Section is almost invariably the largest. There is also a very small 'out-of-school' contingent of the Royal Marines, that meet together. These cadets are from different schools. The contingent was set up due to the lack of many Marine sections in schools, but there is a number limit of 70 and therefore places are highly contested. A cap badge, also known as head badge or hat badge, is a badge worn on uniform headgear and distinguishes the wearers organisation. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Royal Marines (RM), are the Royal Navys elite fighting forces. ...


Cadets

Section Number of Cadets Number of Schools
Army 25,724 238
Royal Air Force 9,439 185
Royal Navy 5,347 124
Royal Marines inc. in Navy 18
Total 40,509 565

Source: Hansard. The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... The Royal Marines (RM), are the Royal Navys elite fighting forces. ...


Cadets mostly hold standard non-commissioned ranks, prefixed by "Cadet". The highest ranks are usually Cadet Coxswain (Royal Navy Section), Cadet Contingent Sergeant Major or in Household Cavalry Units, Cadet Regimental Sergeant Major (Army and RM Sections) and Cadet Warrant Officer (RAF Section). These ranks are considered to be of equal parity. A non-commissioned officer (sometimes noncommissioned officer), also known as an NCO or noncom, is a non-commissioned member of an armed force who has been given authority by a commissioned officer. ... The coxswain (pronounced cox-ən; often called the cox) is the person in charge of a boat, particularly its navigation and steering. ... Regimental Sergeant Major (RSM) is an appointment held by Warrant Officers Class 1 (WO1) in the British Army, Royal Marines and many Commonwealth armies including the Australian Army and New Zealand Army, and by Chief Warrant Officers (CWO) in the Canadian Forces. ... Two Bermuda Regiment Warrant Officers. ...


Some contingents may have Under Officers in the Army, Royal Navy and Royal Marines sections, although the RAF generally do not recognise this rank. To give total parity of ranks among the different sections, the RAF section has a special rank - that does not exist in the regular RAF (or in the Air Training Corps) - of Cadet Junior Corporal, equivalent to Cadet Lance Corporal in the Army section. Under Officer is a rank held by Officer Cadets at the British military academies, in the Officers Training Corps and sometimes in the Combined Cadet Force. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Junior Corporal is a rank in the Combined Cadet Force. ... Lance Corporal (LCpl or L/Cpl) is a military rank used by some elements of the British, Commonwealth, and U.S. armed forces. ...


To become a Junior Under Officer (JUO) in the CCF RN, the cadet must have applied to enter the Royal Navy and have had a successful interview with a Regional Royal Navy Careers Officer, the candidate must have been asked to go to the Admiralty Interview Board (AIB) or to have another interview with a RN Careers Officer. After the successful interview with the Royal Navy, the cadet in question will automatically be promoted to a JUO and will be presented with JUO insignia: Cadet Under-Officers wear a white linen flash behind the cap/beret badge and a strip of white linen 12 mm wide across each CCF shoulder slide (pips), (the same shoulder slides used by Officer Cadets), just inside the regular RN CCF shoulder slide (which still must be worn). Insignia will be issued by the CCF section that the Cadet belongs to and presented by a regular, reserve or CCF officer. The reason for this promotion is so they can be recognised by regular RN personnel in military establishments, also to achieve authority and the respect of his/her fellow cadets, so the JUO can exercise leadership to greater affect, which will be vitally important in their future career in the Royal Navy. Under Officer are seen as the Midshipmen of the CCF and are to be addressed as ‘Sir’ by their fellow cadets, but not by Officers who are more senior or Senior Under Officers (SUO), or by any other regular Royal Navy Personnel. JUO’s are still to call CCF Officers, SUO’s and other Regular RN Personnel by their Normal titles (i.e. Officer’s – ‘Sir’). If the JUO becomes Head of Section he/she is to be automatically promoted to Senior Under Officer (SUO) or promoted if the Commanding Officer sees fit.


Officers

CCF officers are generally teachers from the school, and are not normally eligible to be called up. They hold commissioned ranks up to and including lieutenant colonel or its equivalent in the other services, although there are a small number of officers above this rank (This can only occur where the Officer concerned formerly served in the regular forces and has been allowed to retain his/her rank on retiring.) (JSP313, CCF manual). Unlike in the external cadet organisations (ATC/SCC/ACF), all instructors are commissioned, by tradition as instructors are generally teachers and so 'professionally qualified'. In military organizations, a commissioned officer is a member of the service who derives authority directly from a sovereign power, and as such holds a commission from that power. ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ...


Officers hold commissions in the reserves of their own force. RAF officers commissions are Volunteer Reserve (Training Branch) (RAF VR(T)), and they wear a VRT pin on their rank braid to signify this. RN Officers have specific CCF commissions, designated RNR(CCF), and their rank braid is 'wavy' to signify this. Army officers hold commissions in the CCF specifically, and have a CCF marking on their rank slides. The Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (Training) Branch, often abbreviated to RAFVR(T) is a voluntary element of the British Royal Air Force. ...


The exception to the 'all instructors are commissioned' rule is the 'SSI' (School Staff Instructor), who is an ex-forces SNCO or Warrant Officer (usually Army), who retains his or her rank as a reservist, assigned to the school to instruct and assist in the running of the Contingent. There is usually one SSI per Contingent, and they are often also employed by the school on a part-time/casual basis.


Training

The different sections naturally have different syllabi, but have a certain amount in common. All cadets are trained initially to fire the .22 Anshutz rifle or the L98A1 5.56mm Cadet General Purpose rifle, similar to the regular SA80 but modified so that it is no longer semi or automatic loading. Later there are also opportunities to fire the L86 LSW, the L85A2 rifle, and the L81 Cadet Target rifle. All the sections instruct fieldcraft, navigation, drill, leadership and first aid. (Redirected from . ... The L98A1 Cadet GP Rifle (GP - General Purpose) is the standard rifle for British Army, Air and Sea cadet shooting. ... Table of geography, hydrography, and navigation, from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... It has been suggested that Drill (military) be merged into this article or section. ... First aid is a series of simple, life-saving medical techniques that a non-doctor or layman can be trained to perform. ...


Army section cadets are able to specialise in various subjects such as signalling and infantry tactics, and are trained accordingly. The Army section also has "special to arm" courses, such as advanced weapons theory, Royal Signals training, and REME courses. Royal Artillery Adventurous Training courses are often offered to cadets, usually through an Army Liaison Officer. These include parachuting, watersports and commando training. However, 2006 Health and Safety/Child Protection legislation (and fallout from the Deepcut affair) mandated that cadets must be housed separately by both gender and age (under 18s and over 18s), and as most MOD accommodation cannot cope with this and many of these courses have thus been forced to limit applicants to over 18s only. The Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers cap badge The Corps of Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (REME; usually pronounced phonetically as Reemee) is a corps of the British Army that has responsibility for the maintenance of all electrical and mechanical equipment. ... The Princess Royal Barracks, Deepcut, commonly referred to as Deepcut Barracks is the headquarters of the Royal Logistic Corps of the British Army. ...


Cadets in the Royal Navy and Royal Marines sections receive instruction in boatwork and other naval subjects (including flying with the Fleet Air Arm) (see also Combined Cadet Force (RN)). The Royal Navy also offers many CCF courses such as Royal Marines Amphibious Training and Range Firing which are open to any members of any CCF, regardless of section. The Fleet Air Arm is the branch of the Royal Navy responsible for the operation of the aircraft on board their ships. ...


RAF section cadets are given the opportunity to fly in both powered and unpowered aircraft, and their training and flying courses are identical to those available to members of the Air Training Corps. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


All sections can undertake leadership courses at Frimley Park, Nesscliff or RAF Cranwell (previously at Stafford), as well as adventurous training.


History

The CCF was created on 1 April 1948 by the amalgamation of the Junior Training Corps (formerly the Junior Division of the Officers Training Corps) and the school contingents of the Sea Cadet Corps and Air Training Corps. CCFs are still often referred to as "the Corps". April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... The Officer Training Corps (OTC) is a part of the British Army that provides military leadership training to students at UK universities. ... The Sea Cadet Corps (SCC) is a UK cadet force, that takes after the Royal Navy (even though it is not controlled and funded by the Royal Navy in the same way the Combined Cadet Force, Air Training Corps or Army Cadet Force are respectively controlled by their parent sections... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Alternative organisations

Some schools recognise that pupils may not wish to participate in CCF activities and so alternative organisations exist, such as the Community Service Organisation, which allows pupils to volunteer to help in hospitals, schools, and charity work. A few other schools make CCF attendance voluntary - this tends to reduce numbers compared to compulsory contingents, but potentially results in a more uniformly dedicated membership that responds well to training.


Example: City of London School. Example: Calday Grange Grammar School This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...


External links

  • Army Cadet Force - official website
  • Air Cadets - official website
  • CCF Royal Navy - official website
  • MOD Ministry of Defence, history of the Cadet Forces.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Combined Cadet Force - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (563 words)
The Combined Cadet Force (CCF) is a Ministry of Defence sponsored youth organisation in the United Kingdom.
Prior to 1948 cadet forces in schools existed as part of the Officers' Training Corps framework, but in 1948 the Labour government founded the Combined Cadet Force as a separate entity on the grounds that the previous name was deemed elitist.
The CCF was created on 1 April 1948 by the amalgamation of the Junior Training Corps (formerly the Junior Division of the Officers Training Corps) and the school contingents of the Sea Cadet Corps and Air Training Corps.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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