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Encyclopedia > Columbus, Ohio
City of Columbus

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Nickname: The Arch City, The Discovery City, C-Bus
Location in the state of Ohio, USA
Location in the state of Ohio, USA
Coordinates: 39°59′00″N 82°59′00″W / 39.983333, -82.983333
Country United States
State Ohio
Counties Franklin, Fairfield, Delaware
Government
 - Mayor Michael B. Coleman (D)
Area
 - City 212.6 sq mi (550.5 km²)
 - Land 210.3 sq mi (544.6 km²)
 - Water 2.3 sq mi (5.9 km²)
Elevation 902 ft (275 m)
Population (2006)[1] [2]
 - City 733,203
 - Density 3,383.6/sq mi (1,306.4/km²)
 - Metro 1,725,570
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 43240
Area code(s) 614
FIPS code 39-18000GR2
GNIS feature ID 1080996GR3
Website: http://www.columbus.gov/

Columbus is the capital and the largest city of the American state of Ohio. Named for explorer Christopher Columbus, the city was founded in 1812 at the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers, and assumed the functions of state capital in 1816. The city has a diverse economy based on education, insurance, healthcare, and technology. Acknowledged by Money Magazine as the 8th best large city in the U.S. to inhabit, it is also recognized as an emerging global city.[3][4] Residents of Columbus are usually referred to as Columbusites.[5] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 311 pixelsFull resolution (3264 × 1269 pixel, file size: 1. ... Flag of Columbus, Ohio File links The following pages link to this file: Columbus, Ohio Categories: Flag images ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... Image File history File links OHMap-doton-Columbus. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Listed are the 88 counties of the state of Ohio. ... Franklin County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Fairfield County is a county located in the state of Ohio, United States. ... Delaware County is a fast growing suburban county located in the state of Ohio, within the Columbus, OH metropolitan area. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Mayor Michael B. Coleman Michael B. Coleman (b. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... This article is about the physical quantity. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern Daylight Time or EDT is equal to: In North America, Eastern Standard Time + 1, or UTC − 4 hours. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... Area code 614, which for decades covered the entire southeastern quarter of the state of Ohio, now represents only the Columbus metropolitan area. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator, colonizer, and explorer and one of the first Europeans to explore the Americas after the Vikings. ... Confluence of Rhine and Mosel at Koblenz In geography, a confluence describes the point where two rivers meet and become one, usually when a tributary joins a more major river. ... Perspective view looking upstream of Scioto River valley near Portsmouth, Ohio. ... Ohio State Highway 315 passing over the Olentangy in Columbus in 2002. ... Insurance, in law and economics, is a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of a contingent loss. ... Health care or healthcare is one of the worlds largest and fastest growing professions. ... By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a mastery of technology sufficient to leave the surface of the Earth for the first time and explore space. ... Cover of Money magazine Money is a Time Warner financial magazine. ... “World city” redirects here. ...


The population was 711,470 at the 2000 census. In 2006 Columbus was ranked as the 15th largest city in the United States, with 733,203 residents, and was the country's 32nd largest metropolitan area. Located near the geographic center of the state, Columbus is the county seat of Franklin County, although parts of the city also extend into Delaware and Fairfield counties. 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Ten most populous cities in the United States Los Angeles San Jose San Diego Phoenix Chicago New York City Houston San Antonio Dallas Philadelphia The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places in the United States. ... There are two official definitions of metropolitan area used today in the United States, metropolitan statistical areas, and combined statistical areas, the former restrictive, the latter more extensive. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas. ... Centerburg is a village in Knox County, Ohio, along the North Fork of the Licking River. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Franklin County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Delaware County is a fast growing suburban county located in the state of Ohio, within the Columbus, OH metropolitan area. ... Fairfield County is a county located in the state of Ohio, United States. ...


The name Columbus is often used to refer to the Columbus Metropolitan Area, which includes many other municipalities. According to the US Census, the metropolitan area has a population of 1,725,570, while the Combined Statistical Area (which also includes Marion and Chillicothe) has 1,953,575 people.[6] The Columbus Metropolitan Area is the metropolitan area centered on American city of Columbus, Ohio. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines micropolitan and metropolitan statistical areas. ... Marion is a city started by Napoleon Bonoparte and currently ruled by Hitler it is a strong supporter of France and is starting a revolution to become an independent city state in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Marion CountyGR6. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio Coordinates: , Country United States State Ohio Counties Ross Government  - Mayor Joseph P. Sulzer (D) Area  - City 9. ...

Contents

History

Evidence of ancient mound-building societies abounds in the region near the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers. Mound Street, located in downtown Columbus, was so named because of its proximity to a large Native American burial mound.[7] Numerous other earthworks were found throughout the area, including a surviving edifice on McKinley Avenue.[8] Those ancient civilizations had long since faded into history when European explorers began moving into the region south of Lake Erie. Rather than an empty frontier, however, they encountered people of the Miami, Delaware, Wyandot, Shawnee, and Mingo nations. These tribes resisted expansion by the fledgling United States, resulting in years of bitter conflict. A decisive battle at Fallen Timbers resulted in the Treaty of Greenville, which finally opened the way for new settlements. By 1797, a young surveyor from Virginia named Lucas Sullivant had founded a permanent settlement on the west bank of the forks of the Scioto River. An admirer of Benjamin Franklin, Sullivant chose to name his new frontier village "Franklinton."[9] Although the location was desirable in its proximity to navigable rivers, Sullivant was initially foiled when in 1798, a large flood wiped out the newly formed settlement.[10] He persevered, and the village was rebuilt. Miamisburg Mound, the largest conical mound in Ohio, is attributed to the Adena archaeological culture. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... A frontier is a political and geographical term referring to areas near or beyond a boundary, or of a different nature. ... The Miami are a Native American tribe originally found in Indiana and Ohio, and now living also in Oklahoma. ... For the language, see Lenape language. ... The Wyandot, or Wendat, is an indigenous people of North America, originally from what is now Southern Ontario, Quebec, Canada and Southeast Michigan. ... This article is about the Native American tribe. ... This article is about the Native American tribe. ... Combatants United States Legion of the United States consisting of: 1st Sub-Legion: 3d Infantry Regiment 2nd Sub-Legion: U.S. 1st Infantry Regiment 3rd Sub-Legion: Captain Moses Porters Company of Artillery of the 3rd Sub-Legion 4th Sub-Legion: U.S. 4th Infantry Regiment Kentucky Volunteers Blue... This depiction of the treaty negotiations may have been painted by one of Anthony Waynes officers. ... Surveyor at work with a leveling instrument. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. ... Franklinton is a neighborhood in Columbus, Ohio. ... A body of water, such as a river, canal or lake, is navigable if it is deep and wide enough for a vessel to pass and there are no obstructions, like rocks, trees and low bridges. ... Flooding in Amphoe Sena, Ayutthaya Province, Thailand. ...


19th century

After achieving statehood in 1803, political infighting among Ohio's more prominent leaders resulted in the state capital moving from Chillicothe to Zanesville and back again. The state legislature eventually decided that a new capital city, located in the center of the state, was a necessary compromise. Several of Ohio's small towns and villages petitioned the legislature for the honor of becoming the state capital, but ultimately a coalition of land speculators, with Sullivant's support, made the most attractive offer to the Ohio General Assembly. Named in honor of Christopher Columbus, the capital city was founded on February 14, 1812, on the "High Banks opposite Franklinton at the Forks of the Scioto known as Wolf's Ridge."[11] At the time, this area was a dense forestland, used only as a hunting ground.[12] Not to be confused with capitol. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio Coordinates: , Country United States State Ohio Counties Ross Government  - Mayor Joseph P. Sulzer (D) Area  - City 9. ... Muskingum County Courthouse (Photo ©2004 Leslie K. Dellovade) Zanesville is a city in Muskingum County, Ohio, United States. ... The Ohio General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Ohio. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the overture by Tchaikovsky, see 1812 Overture; For the wars, see War of 1812 (USA - United Kingdom) or Patriotic War of 1812 (France - Russia) For the Siberia Airlines plane crashed over the Black Sea on October 4, 2001, see Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 1812 was a leap year starting...

Old City Hall, completed in 1872 and burned in 1921
Old City Hall, completed in 1872 and burned in 1921

The Burough of Columbus [sic] was officially established on February 10, 1816.[13] Nine people were elected to fill the various positions of Mayor, Treasurer, and others. Although the recent War of 1812 had brought prosperity to the area, the subsequent recession and conflicting claims to the land threatened the success of the new town. Early conditions were abysmal, with frequent bouts of fevers and an outbreak of Cholera in 1833.[14] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1215x1020, 286 KB) Old Columbus City Hall, completed in 1872. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1215x1020, 286 KB) Old Columbus City Hall, completed in 1872. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1816 (MDCCCXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the U.S.–U.K. war. ... Cholera (or Asiatic cholera or epidemic cholera) is an extreme diarrheal disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. ...


The National Road reached Columbus from Baltimore in 1831, which complemented the city's new link to the Ohio and Erie Canal and facilitated a population boom.[15] A wave of immigrants from Europe resulted in the establishment of two ethnic enclaves on the outskirts of the city. A significant Irish population settled in the north along Naghten Street (presently Nationwide Boulevard), while the Germans took advantage of the cheap land to the south, creating a community that came to be known as Das Alte Südende (The Old South End). Columbus' German population is responsible for constructing numerous breweries, Trinity Lutheran Seminary, and Capital University.[16] Map showing the route of the National Road at its greatest completion in 1839, with historical state boundaries. ... Baltimore redirects here. ... The Ohio and Erie Canal in 1902 The Ohio and Erie Canal was constructed in the early 1800s and connected the Ohio River at Portsmouth and Lake Erie at Cleveland, Ohio. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... German Village is a historic neighborhood just south of downtown Columbus, Ohio. ... The entrance of a brewery. ... Trinity Lutheran Seminary is a (ELCA) seminary (a school of theology) located in Columbus, Ohio. ... Capital University is a university of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America located in Bexley, Ohio, founded in 1830, that offers five schools of study: College of Arts and Sciences; the Conservatory of Music; Capital University Law School; School of Management; and School of Nursing. ...


With a population of 3500, Columbus was officially chartered as a city on March 3, 1834. The legislature carried out a special act on that day, which granted legislative authority to the city council and judicial authority to the mayor. Elections were held in April of that year, with voters choosing one John Brooks as the first mayor.[17] is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1850 the Columbus and Xenia Railroad became the first railroad to enter the city, followed by the Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati Railroad in 1851. The two railroads built a joint Union Station on the east side of High Street just north of Naughten (then called North Public Lane). Rail traffic into Columbus increased--by 1875 Columbus was served by eight railroads, and a new, more elaborate station was built.[18] The Columbus and Xenia Railroad was the first railroad to operate in Columbus, Ohio. ... railroads redirects here. ... The Cleveland Columbus and Cincinnati Railroad was the second railroad to enter Columbus, Ohio. ... Columbus Union Station and its predecessors served railroad passengers in Columbus from February 27, 1850 until April 28, 1977. ...

The Great Southern Hotel, completed in 1897
The Great Southern Hotel, completed in 1897

On January 7, 1857, the Ohio Statehouse finally opened to the public after eighteen years of construction.[19] During the Civil War, Columbus was the home of Camp Chase, a major base for the Union Army that housed 26,000 troops and held up to 9,000 Confederate prisoners of war. Over 2,000 Confederate soldiers remain buried at the site, making it one of the largest Confederate cemeteries in the North.[20] By virtue of the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act, the Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College was founded in 1870 on the former estate of William and Hannah Neil.[21] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3488 × 2616 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3488 × 2616 pixel, file size: 2. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... South facade of the Ohio Statehouse The Ohio Statehouse, located in Columbus, Ohio, is the seat of government for the state of Ohio. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Camp Chase Cemetery. ... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... A group of Confederate soldiers The Confederate States Army (CSA) was organized in February 1861 to defend the newly formed Confederate States of America from military action by the United States government during the American Civil War. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Morrill Act redirects here. ... The Ohio State University (OSU) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Ohio. ...


By the end of the 19th century, Columbus saw the rise of several major manufacturing businesses. The city became known as the "Buggy Capital of the World," thanks to the presence of some two dozen buggy factories, notably the Columbus Buggy Company, which was founded in 1875 by C.D. Firestone. The Columbus Consolidated Brewing Company also rose to prominence during this time, and it may have achieved even greater success were it not for the influence of the Anti-Saloon League, based in neighboring Westerville.[22] In the steel industry, a forward-thinking man named Samuel P. Bush presided over the Buckeye Steel Castings Company. Columbus was also a popular location for the organization of labor. In 1886, Samuel Gompers founded the American Federation of Labor in Druid's Hall on S. Fourth Street, and in 1890 the United Mine Workers of America was founded at old City Hall.[23] Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, making by hand) is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale. ... Catherine IIs carved, painted and gilded Coronation Coach (Hermitage Museum) George VI and Queen Elizabeth in a landau with footmen and an outrider, Canada 1939 The classic definition of a carriage is a four-wheeled horse drawn private passenger vehicle with leaf springs (elliptical springs in the 19th century... The Anti-Saloon League was the leading organization lobbying for prohibition in the United States in the early 20th century. ... Westerville is a city in Franklin and Delaware Counties in the U.S. state of Ohio. ... Samuel Prescott Bush (October 4, 1863 – February 8, 1948) was an American industrialist and entrepreneur, and the patriarch of the Bush political family. ... External Links: - Governor Announces $3 Million for Buckeye Steel (August 27, 2001) - Buckeye Steel files for Ch. ... Samuel Gompers (January 27, 1850[1] - December 13, 1924) was an American labor union leader and a key figure in American labor history. ... The American Federation of Labor (AFL) was one of the first federations of labor unions in the United States. ... United Mine Workers of America seal The United Mine Workers (UMW or UMWA) is a United States labor union that represents workers in mining. ...


20th century to the present

Street arches returned to the Short North in late 2002
Street arches returned to the Short North in late 2002

Columbus earned its nickname "The Arch City" because of the dozens of metal (formerly wooden) arches that spanned High Street at the turn of the twentieth century. The arches illuminated the thoroughfare and eventually became the means by which electric power was provided to the new streetcars. The arches were torn down and replaced with cluster lights in 1914, but were reconstructed in the Short North district in 2002 for their unique historical interest.[24]. Image File history File links Arches span the breadth of High Street in Columbus, Ohio. ... Image File history File links Arches span the breadth of High Street in Columbus, Ohio. ... One of the arches over High Street in the Short North neighborhood. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... One of the arches over High Street in the Short North neighborhood. ...


On March 25, 1913, a catastrophic flood devastated the neighborhood of Franklinton, leaving over ninety people dead and thousands of West Side residents homeless. To prevent future flooding, the Army Corps of Engineers recommended widening the Scioto River through downtown, constructing new bridges, and building a retaining wall along its banks. With the strength of the post-WWI economy, a construction boom occurred in the 1920s, resulting in a new Civic Center, the Ohio Theatre, the American Insurance Union Citadel, and, to the north, a massive new Ohio Stadium.[25] Although the American Professional Football Association was founded in Canton in 1920, its head offices moved to Columbus in 1921 and remained in the city until 1941. In 1922, the association's name was changed to the National Football League. [26] is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The United States Army Corps of Engineers, or USACE, is a federal agency made up of some 34,600 civilian and 650 military men and women. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The Ohio Theatre The Ohio Theatre is the official state theater of Ohio,[] located in downtown Columbus on the former site of the old Columbus City Hall. ... LeVeque Tower is a 47-story Art Deco skyscraper in Columbus, Ohio. ... Ohio Stadium (also known as The House Harley Built, The Horseshoe, or simply The ’Shoe) is the home of the Buckeyes football team at The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio. ... For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ... Canton is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Stark CountyGR6. ... NFL redirects here. ...


The effects of the Great Depression were somewhat less severe in Columbus, as the city's diversified economy helped it fare marginally better than its Rust Belt neighbors. World War II brought a tremendous number of new jobs to the city, and with it another population surge. This time, the majority of new arrivals were migrants from the "extraordinarily depressed rural areas" of Appalachia, who would soon account for more than a third of Columbus' rising population.[27] In 1948, the Town and Country Shopping Center opened in suburban Whitehall, and it is now regarded as one of the first modern shopping centers in the United States.[28] Along with the construction of the interstate highway, it signaled the arrival of rapid suburban development in central Ohio. In order to protect the city's tax base from this suburbanization, Columbus adopted a policy of linking sewer and water hookups to annexation to the city.[29] By the early 1990s, Columbus had grown to become Ohio's largest city in both land area and in population. For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Manufacturing Belt, highlighted in red The Rust Belt, a term coined from Manufacturing Belt, is an area in parts of the Midwest and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States of America. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... It has been suggested that Poverty in Appalachia be merged into this article or section. ... Whitehall is a city located in Franklin County, Ohio. ... For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see pedestrian street or promenade. ... Interstate Highways in the lower 48 states. ... “Suburbia” redirects here. ... Suburbanisation is a term used by many to describe the current social urban dynamic operating within many parts of the developed world and is related to the phenomenon of urban sprawl. ... Ceremonies during the annexation of Hawaii. ...


Efforts to revitalize Downtown Columbus have met with mixed results in recent decades. In the 1970s old landmarks such as Union Station and the Neil House Hotel were razed to construct high-rise offices and retail space such as the Huntington Center.[30] Newer suburban developments at Tuttle Crossing, Easton, and Polaris have inhibited much of the anticipated downtown growth. Still, with the addition of the Arena District as well as hundreds of downtown residential units, significant revitalization efforts are likely to continue in the downtown area. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Columbus, Ohio. ... Columbus Union Station and its predecessors served railroad passengers in Columbus from February 27, 1850 until April 28, 1977. ... The Mall at Tuttle Crossing is a shopping center located in Dublin, Ohio. ... Easton Town Center[1] (commonly referred to as Easton) is a large mixed-use, office, retail, dining and entertainment center in Columbus, Ohio, near the northeastern suburbs of New Albany and Gahanna. ... Polaris Fashion Place, opened in October 2001, is a two level shopping mall on the Northern edge of Columbus, Ohio. ... The Arena District is a 75 acre mixed-use urban infill, master planned development located in downtown Columbus, Ohio. ...


Geography

Topography

Skyline of Columbus, viewed from North Bank Park
Skyline of Columbus, viewed from North Bank Park

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 550.5 km² (212.6 mi²). 544.6 km² (210.3 mi²) of it is land and 5.9 km² (2.3 mi²) of it (1.07%) is water. Unlike many other major US cities in the Midwest, Columbus continues to expand its reach by way of extensions and annexations, making it one of the fastest growing large cities in the nation, in terms of both geography and population, and probably the fastest in the Midwest. Unlike Cleveland and Cincinnati, the central cities in Ohio's two largest metropolitan areas, Columbus is ringed by relatively few suburbs; since the 1950s it has made annexation a condition for providing water and sewer service, to which it holds regional rights throughout a large portion of Central Ohio. This policy is credited with preserving Columbus' tax base in the face of the U.S.'s suburbanization and has contributed to its continued economic expansion, much like other cities pursuing similar policies such as San Antonio, Texas, of which is similarly lacking in surrounding incorporated suburbs. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 484 KB) Summary Columbus skyline, Taken August 05. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 484 KB) Summary Columbus skyline, Taken August 05. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... Ceremonies during the annexation of Hawaii. ... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... Cleveland redirects here. ... Cincinnati, Ohio viewed from the SW, across the Ohio River from Kentucky. ... Ceremonies during the annexation of Hawaii. ... San Antonio redirects here. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ...


The confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers occurs just west of downtown Columbus. Several smaller tributaries course through the Columbus metro area, including Alum Creek, Big Walnut Creek, and Darby Creek. Columbus is considered to have relatively flat topography thanks to a large glacier that covered most of Ohio during the Wisconsin Ice Age. However, there are sizable differences in elevation through the area, with the high point of Franklin County being 1132ft (345m) above Sea level near New Albany, and the low point being 670ft (207m) where the Scioto River leaves the county near Lockbourne.[31] Numerous ravine areas near the rivers and creeks also help give some variety to the landscape. Tributaries to Alum Creek and the Olentangy River cut through shale, while tributaries to the Scioto River cut through limestone. Deciduous trees are common, including maple, oak, hickory, walnut, poplar, cottonwood, and of course, buckeye. Perspective view looking upstream of Scioto River valley near Portsmouth, Ohio. ... Ohio State Highway 315 passing over the Olentangy in Columbus in 2002. ... Alum Creek is a tributary of Big Walnut Creek, which drains into the Scioto River. ... Big Walnut Creek starts near Mount Gilead, Ohio in Morrow County. ... For discussion of land surfaces themselves, see Terrain. ... This article is about the geological formation. ... The Wisconsin (in North America), Devensian (in the British Isles), Midlandian (in Ireland), Würm (in the Alps), and Weichsel (in northern central Europe) glaciations are the most recent glaciations of the Pleistocene epoch, which ended around 10,000 BCE. The general glacial advance began about 70,000 BCE, and... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... New Albany is a village in Franklin and Licking Counties in the U.S. state of Ohio, just northeast of the state capital of Columbus. ... Lockbourne is a village located in Franklin County, Ohio. ... For other uses, see Deciduous (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Maple (disambiguation). ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Species See text Comparison of Carya nuts Ripe hickory nuts ready to fall, Andrews, SC Hickory is a tree of the genus Carya, including 17-19 species of deciduous trees with pinnately compound leaves and large nuts. ... For other uses, see Walnut (disambiguation). ... This article is about woody plants of the genus Populus. ... Species Populus deltoides L. Populus fremontii [[]] Populus nigra L. This article is about the poplar species. ... Binomial name Aesculus glabra Willd. ...


Climate

Weather averages for Columbus[32]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg high (°F) 36 39 50 62 73 82 85 84 77 65 51 40 62
Avg high (°C) 2 4 10 17 23 28 29 29 25 18 11 4 17
Avg low (°F) 20 22 31 40 50 59 64 62 54 43 34 25 42
Avg low (°C) -7 -6 -1 4 10 15 18 17 12 6 1 -4 6
Rainfall (in) 2.8 2.3 3.1 3.4 3.8 3.9 4.6 3.3 2.7 2.1 3.0 2.7 37.8
Rainfall (cm) 7.1 5.8 7.9 8.6 9.7 9.9 11.7 8.4 6.9 5.4 7.7 6.9 96.0
Snowfall (in) 8.1 6.2 4.5 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.3 5.5 27.6
Snowfall (cm) 20.6 15.7 11.4 2.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 5.8 14.0 70.1

The region is dominated by a humid continental climate (Koppen climate classification Dfa), characterized by hot, muggy summers and cold, dry winters. The hottest temperature ever recorded in Columbus was 106°F (41°C), which occurred twice during the Dust Bowl drought of the 1930s - once on July 21, 1934, and again two years later, on July 14, 1936.[33] The coldest temperature was -22°F (-30°C), occurring January 19, 1994.[33]

Columbus is subject to Severe weather typical to the Midwestern United States. Tornadoes are possible from the spring to the fall, the most recent of which occurred on October 11, 2006 and caused F2 damage.[34] Floods, blizzards, and severe thunderstorms can also occur from time to time. The humid continental climate is a climate found over large areas of land masses in the temperate regions of the mid-latitudes where there is a zone of conflict between polar and tropical air masses. ... The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ... Dust storm approaching Stratford, Texas in 1935 Buried machinery in barn lot. ... Fields outside Benambra, Victoria, Australia suffering from drought conditions A drought is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply. ... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... NOAA scientists observe severe weather using a mobile doppler radar and a helicopter (in the distance) Severe weather phenomena are weather conditions that are hazardous. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... F-scale redirects here. ... A flood (in Old English flod, a word common to Teutonic languages; compare German Flut, Dutch vloed from the same root as is seen in flow, float) is an overflow of water, an expanse of water submerging land, a deluge. ... This article is about snowstorms. ... A shelf cloud associated with a heavy or severe thunderstorm over Enschede, The Netherlands. ...


Cityscape

See also: Neighborhoods in Columbus, Ohio, Columbus Metropolitan Area, Downtown Columbus, and List of skyscrapers in Columbus, Ohio

Columbus also has a number of distinctive neighborhoods within the metro area. The Short North, situated just north of downtown, is rich with art galleries, dining, pubs, and specialty shops. A number of large, ornate Victorian homes are located nearby, and together they comprise Victorian Village. To the south, German Village is known for its quaint 19th century brick cottages, and it holds the distinction as the largest privately funded historic district on the National Register of Historic Places. These three neighborhoods have all undergone gentrification on a large scale. Franklinton, sometimes known as "the Bottoms", is the neighborhood immediately west of downtown. It gets its colorful nickname due to the fact that much of the land lies below the level of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers, and a floodwall is required to contain the rivers and protect the area from devastating floods. Just to the west of Franklinton is a group of smaller neighborhoods commonly referred to as "The Hilltop." There are hundreds of neighborhoods in Columbus, Ohio. ... The Columbus Metropolitan Area is the metropolitan area centered on American city of Columbus, Ohio. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Columbus, Ohio. ... As of 2007, there are 83 skyscrapers located in Columbus, Ohio, USA.[1] This list includes some of the larger ones. ... One of the arches over High Street in the Short North neighborhood. ... The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. ... Pub redirects here. ... The Buttermans, the historic home of John Newman, the butter king, is one of several Queen Anne mansions in Elgin, Illinois The Queen Anne style of British and American architecture reached its greatest popularity in the last quarter of the 19th century, manifesting itself in a number of different ways... The Victorian Village is a neighborhood located north and near west of downtown Columbus, Ohio. ... German Village is a historic neighborhood just south of downtown Columbus, Ohio. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... This once impoverished part of Jersey Citys historic downtown is quickly becoming gentrified. ... Hilltop is a neighborhood on the west side of Columbus, Ohio, so named because it sits atop a rise that slopes down into the Scioto River. ...


There is also the Heritage Districts which include the Driving Park, Livingston Park and Old Oaks areas on the near east side of the city which is home to a part of the cities large black population. Driving Park is an area on the near east side of Columbus, Ohio. ...


The University area is populated by a high concentration of students during the school year (approximately 50,000) and features many old homes which have been converted to apartments for student use. The stretch of High Street that runs through the campus area caters to the student body with its abundance of bars, sandwich shops, music stores, and bookstores. Located between OSU and Worthington is Clintonville, where a mix of middle class homes can be found alongside beautiful old stone and brick-faced houses nestled among rolling hills. Further west of downtown, San Margherita is a community formed by Italian immigrants who arrived at the turn of the 20th century. // University Area home located in Northwood Park The University Area (or University District) located two miles north of Downtown Columbus, Ohio, is home to the main campus of the Ohio State University, the Battelle Institute and the James Cancer Center, one of the worlds finest cancer research facilities. ... Worthington is a city in Franklin County, Ohio, United States. ... Walhalla, a ravine in Clintonville Clintonville is an unincorporated neighborhood in north-central Columbus, Ohio, with around 28,000 residents. ... San Margherita is an unincorporated neighborhood of Columbus, Ohio that may be in danger of vanishing. ...


Columbus has its own city park system, and there is a metropolitan area parks system as well. Reservoirs and parks on the major streams offer recreational opportunities. The Scioto and Olentangy river corridors are becoming connected as greenways with bike paths, and the Scioto Mile project is enhancing the riverfront in the heart of downtown.


Transportation

The city's street plan originates downtown and extends into the old-growth neighborhoods, following a grid pattern with the intersection of High Street (running north-south) and Broad Street (running east-west) at its center. North-South streets run twelve degrees west of due North, parallel to High Street; the Avenues (vis. Fifth Avenue, Sixth Avenue, Seventh Avenue, etc.) run east-west.[35] The address system begins its numbering at the intersection of Broad and High, with numbers increasing in magnitude with distance from Broad or High. Numbered Avenues begin with First Avenue, about 1¼ mile north of Broad Street, and increase in number as one progresses northward. Numbered Streets begin with Second Street, which is two blocks west of High Street, and Third Street, which is a block east of High Street, then progress eastward from there. Even-numbered addresses are on the north and east sides of streets, putting odd addresses on the south and west sides of streets. A difference of 700 house numbers means a distance of about one mile (along the same street).[31] For example, 351 W 5th Avenue is approximately one-half mile west of High Street on the south side of Fifth Avenue. Buildings along north-south streets are numbered in a similar manner: the building number indicates the approximate distance from Broad Street, the prefixes ‘N’ and ‘S’ indicate whether that distance is to measured to the north or south of Broad Street and the street number itself indicates how far the street is from the center of the city at the intersection of Broad and High. A simple grid plan road map (Windermere, Florida). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Main Street. ...

Locations of numbered Streets and Avenues
Locations of numbered Streets and Avenues

This street numbering system does not hold true over a large area. The area served by numbered Avenues runs from about Marble Cliff to South Linden to the Airport, and the area served by numbered Streets covers Downtown and nearby neighborhoods to the east and south, with only a few exceptions. There are quite few intersections between numbered Streets and Avenues. Furthermore, named Streets and Avenues can have any orientation. For example, while all of the numbered avenues run east-west, perpendicular to High Street, many named, non-numbered avenues run north-south, parallel to High. The same is true of many named streets: while the numbered streets in the city run north-south, perpendicular to Broad Street, many named, non-numbered streets run east-west, perpendicular to High Street. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 482 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,252 × 754 pixels, file size: 252 KB, MIME type: image/png) I drew this map to illustrate the locations of numbered streets and avenues in Columbus, Ohio. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 482 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,252 × 754 pixels, file size: 252 KB, MIME type: image/png) I drew this map to illustrate the locations of numbered streets and avenues in Columbus, Ohio. ...


The addressing system, however, covers nearly all of Franklin County, with only a few older suburbs retaining self-centered address systems. The address scale of 700 per mile results in addresses approaching, but not usually reaching, 10,000 at the county's borders.


Other major, local roads in Columbus could include Main Street, Morse Road, Dublin-Granville Road (SR-161), Cleveland Avenue/Westerville Road (SR-3), Olentangy River Road, Riverside Drive, Sunbury Road, Fifth Avenue and Livingston Avenue. State Route 161 is an east-west state highway in the state of Ohio. ... Ohio State Highway 3 is a northeast-southwest (signed north-south) state route in Ohio which leads from Cleveland to Cincinnati, passing through Columbus along the way. ...

The eastern junction of I-70 and I-71 as they split apart leaving Columbus
The eastern junction of I-70 and I-71 as they split apart leaving Columbus

Columbus is bisected by two major Interstate Highways, Interstate 70 running east-west, and Interstate 71 running north to roughly southwest. The two Interstates combine downtown for about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) in an area locally known as "The Split", which is a major traffic congestion point within Columbus, especially during rush hour. U.S. Highway 40, aka National Road, runs east-west through Columbus, comprising Main Street to the east of downtown and Broad Street to the west. It is also widely recognized as the nation's first highway. U.S. Highway 23 runs roughly north-south, while U.S. Highway 33 runs northwest-to-southeast. The Interstate 270 Outerbelt encircles the vast majority of the city, while the newly redesigned Innerbelt consists of the Interstate 670 spur on the north side (which continues to the east past the Airport and to the west where it merges with I-70), State Route 315 on the west side, the I-70/71 split on the south side, and I-71 on the east. Due to its central location within Ohio and abundance of outbound roadways, nearly all of the state's destinations are within a 2-hour drive of Columbus. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 591 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 591 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... A typical rural stretch of Interstate highway, with two lanes in each direction separated by a large grassy median, and with cross-traffic limited to overpasses and underpasses. ... Interstate 70 (abbreviated I-70) is a long interstate highway in the United States that runs from Interstate 15 about a mile from Cove Fort, Utah to a Park and Ride in Baltimore, Maryland. ... INTERSTATE JUNCTIONS JUNCTION EXIT # I-64 KY 1 I-75 KY 77 OH 1 I-70 OH 106 OH 107 I-76 OH 209 I-80 OH 233 I-90 OH 247 Legend BROWSE STATE HWYS Prev Next {{{browse}}} Interstate 71 is an Interstate Highway in the Southeastern and Midwestern... For other uses, see Rush hour (disambiguation). ... United States Highway 40 is an east-west United States highway. ... Map showing the route of the National Road at its greatest completion in 1839, with historical state boundaries. ... U.S. Highway 23 is a long north-south U.S. highway between Mackinaw City, Michigan and Jacksonville, Florida. ... United States Highway 33 is a north-south United States highway that runs northwest-southeast for 709 miles (1,141 km) from northern Indiana to Richmond, Virginia. ... Interstate 270 (abbreviated I-270) is the beltway loop freeway in the Columbus metropolitan area, commonly known locally as the outer belt. ... For the American political term, see Inside the Beltway and Beltway bandits. ... View westbound at High St. ... Ohio State Highway 315 is a controlled access freeway from Interstate 70 to Interstate 270 in Columbus, OH. It is a coninuation of Interstate 71. ...


The area has several airports, most notably Port Columbus International Airport on the east side of the city. Port Columbus provides service to a few foreign and dozens of domestic destinations, including all the major hubs. Port Columbus is itself a hub for discount carrier Skybus Airlines. Rickenbacker International Airport, in southern Franklin County, is a major cargo facility and is important to the Ohio Air National Guard. OSU Don Scott Airport and Bolton Field are significant general-aviation facilities in the Columbus area. , Port Columbus International Airport (IATA: CMH, ICAO: KCMH, FAA LID: CMH), commonly shortened to Port Columbus, is an international airport located 6 miles (10 kilometers) east of downtown Columbus, Ohio, USA. It is managed by the Columbus Regional Airport Authority which also oversees operations at Rickenbacker International Airport and Bolton... Skybus Airlines is a privately held airline based in Columbus, Ohio, USA. It is an ultra-low-cost carrier, modeled after the European airline Ryanair and the early years of Southwest Airlines. ... Rickenbacker International Airport (IATA: LCK, ICAO: KLCK) is a public airport located 10 miles (16 km) south of the city of Columbus in Franklin County, Ohio, USA. It was originally opened in 1942 as Lockbourne Army Air Base (named after the nearby village of Lockbourne), and was home base to... The Air National Guard (ANG) is part of the United States National Guard and a reserve component of the United States Air Force (USAF). ... Ohio State University Airport (IATA: OSU, ICAO: KOSU) is a public airport located six miles (10 km) northwest of the central business district (CBD) of Columbus, a city in Franklin County, Ohio, USA. It is nationally ranked the 88th general aviation airport. ... Bolton Field (IATA: TZR, ICAO: KTZR) is a public airport located eight miles (13 km) southwest of the city of Columbus in Franklin County, Ohio, USA. It is a towered, class D, corporate and general aviation airport operated under the auspices of the Columbus Regional Airport Authority. ...


Columbus used to have a major train station downtown called Union Station, most notably as a stop along Amtrak's National Limited train service until 1977. The station itself was razed in 1979[36], and the Greater Columbus Convention Center now stands in its place. The station was also a stop along the Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati Railroad and the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad. Columbus is now the second largest metropolitan area in the U.S. (after Phoenix, Arizona) without passenger rail service[37], however studies are underway towards reintroducing passenger rail service to Columbus via the Ohio Hub project. Columbus Union Station and its predecessors served railroad passengers in Columbus from February 27, 1850 until April 28, 1977. ... The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... The National Limited was the Baltimore and Ohio Railroads premier train on its route between New York City and St. ... The Cleveland Columbus and Cincinnati Railroad was the second railroad to enter Columbus, Ohio. ... The Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Columbus maintains a widespread municipal bus service called the Central Ohio Transit Authority (COTA). A modern streetcar system has been proposed for the downtown and surrounding areas.[38] The most favored route would run along High Street, from the Brewery District to the Short North. It is not clear where funding for such a system would come from, and no firm construction plans have been promulgated. COTA can also refer to: the Council on the Ageing in Australia The Central Ohio Transit Authority (COTA) is a public sector transit agency serving Franklin County and the rest of the central Ohio area, which includes Columbus, as well as Bexley, Gahanna, Grandview Heights, Grove City, Hilliard, Reynoldsburg, Upper... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... The Brewery District is a neighborhood located in Columbus, Ohio, USA. Located just south of the central business district, the area has a history stretching nearly 200 years. ... One of the arches over High Street in the Short North neighborhood. ...


Demographics

City of Columbus census results[39]
Year Population % Change Rank
1840 6,048 N/A 70
1850 17,882 195.7 37
1860 18,554 3.8 49
1870 31,274 68.6 42
1880 51,647 65.1 33
1890 88,150 70.7 30
1900 125,560 42.4 28
1910 181,511 44.6 29
1920 237,031 30.6 28
1930 290,564 22.6 28
1940 306,087 5.3 26
1950 375,901 22.8 28
1960 471,316 25.4 28
1970 539,677 14.5 21
1980 564,871 4.7 19
1990 632,910 12.0 16
2000 711,470 12.4 15
2006 733,203 3.1 15

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 711,470 people, 301,534 households, and 165,240 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,306.4/km² (3,383.6/mi²). There were 327,175 housing units at an average density of 600.8/km² (1,556.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 67.93% White, 24.47% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 3.44% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.17% from other races, and 2.65% from two or more races. 2.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Ten most populous cities in the United States Los Angeles San Jose San Diego Phoenix Chicago New York City Houston San Antonio Dallas Philadelphia The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places in the United States. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... Hispanic Americans (Spanish: Hispano Americano) are Americans of Hispanic ethnicity who largely identify with the Hispanic cultural heritage. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 301,534 households out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.1% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.2% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 3.01. Matrimony redirects here. ...


The age distribution is 24.2% under the age of 18, 14.0% from 18 to 24, 35.1% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $37,897, and the median income for a family was $47,391. Males had a median income of $35,138 versus $28,705 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,450. About 10.8% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.7% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over. The median household income is commonly used to provide data about smaller geographic areas. ... The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


The Columbus metropolitan area has experienced several waves of immigration in the 20th century, including groups from Vietnam, Russia, Somalia, and ongoing immigration from Mexico and other Latin American countries.[40] Many other countries of origin are represented as well, with much of this related to the international draw of The Ohio State University. As is the case in much of America, there is less assimilation going on than compartmentalization, with large monoethnic neighborhoods developing. This influx is putting pressure on all of the social services institutions, notably the public schools and the public health system.[41]


Due to its demographics, which include a mix of races and a wide range of incomes, as well as urban, suburban, and nearby rural areas, Columbus has been considered to be a "typical" American city, and has been used as a test market for new products by retail and restaurant chains.[42] However, newer studies suggest that Columbus may no longer accurately mirror the U.S. population as a whole.[43]


Economy

See also: List of largest Central Ohio employers

Columbus has a generally strong and diverse economy, ranking in the top 10 overall in the United States, and the best in Ohio, according to Policom Corp. [44] As Columbus is the state capital, there is a large government presence in the city. Including city, county, state, and federal employers, government jobs provide the largest single source of employment within Columbus. One of the larger processing centers of the Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) is located in Columbus. The following is a list of the largest employers in the Columbus MSA as of 2004. ... The Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS), an agency of the United States Department of Defense, provides finance and accounting services for the military and other members of defense. ...


With approximately 100,000 college students in the Metropolitan Area, there are a large number of people employed within higher education institutions. Large organizations include The Ohio State University, Franklin University and Columbus State Community College, as well as numerous other smaller colleges and schools. The Ohio State University (OSU) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Ohio. ... Franklin University is a private university in downtown Columbus, Ohio. ... Columbus State Community College, commonly referred to as CSCC, was first established as Columbus Technical Institute in 1963. ...


Columbus is home to five insurance companies. Nationwide Insurance makes its home downtown in a large, multi-building complex that dominates the northern end of the downtown area. The other insurance companies in the city are Motorists Insurance, Grange Insurance, Safe Auto Insurance, and State Auto Insurance. Huntington Bancshares Inc. has its headquarters in the downtown area. Bank One was headquartered in Columbus until 1998, and J.P. Morgan Chase & Co., which acquired Bank One in 2004, continues to maintain a major presence in Columbus, with a large mortgage servicing unit in the city. Serving the business-only niche, Commerce National Bank is headquartered in Columbus. Insurance, in law and economics, is a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of a contingent loss. ... Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company & Affiliated Companies are a group of large US insurance and financial services companies. ... Huntington National Bank is a U.S. regional banking corporation headquartered in Columbus, Ohio. ... Bank One, based in Chicago, Illinois, was the sixth-largest bank in the United States. ... JPMorgan Chase & Co. ... Commerce National Bank, (NASDAQ: FRME) is a commercial bank founded in 1991 with over a half of $1 billion in assets headquartered in Columbus, Ohio with a regional office in Cincinnati, Ohio. ...


Chemical Abstracts Service is located just north of the OSU campus. The Battelle Memorial Institute, a major research and development facility, is located just to the south of said campus. These two institutions make the city one of the world's leading centers for scientific information distribution. McGraw-Hill has large offices within Columbus as well. Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) is a division of the American Chemical Society, and produces Chemical Abstracts, and related products. ... Headquarters in Columbus The Battelle Memorial Institute is a private not-for-profit applied science and technology development company headquartered in Columbus, Ohio. ... The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. ...


Many technology companies either call Columbus home or have significant operations in the area. The Internet Service Provider CompuServe still has its roots in Columbus, although it has been owned by AOL since 1998. Sterling Commerce, a B2B software company, has its headquarters on the Northwest side. Mettler Toledo, a manufacturer of precision scales and scientific equipment is based in the area known as Polaris. Microsoft also has an office at Polaris. There is a strong push toward gaining more research and technology companies in the city. The multi-jurisdictional 315 Research + Technology Corridor was set up in 2006 to promote the area nationally and internationally,[45] in hopes of achieving something similar to Research Triangle Park in North Carolina. “ISP” redirects here. ... CompuServe, (in full, CompuServe Information Services, or CIS), was the first major commercial online service in the United States. ... For other uses, see AOL (disambiguation). ... Sterling Commerce is a company that provides business process integration solutions to organizations in various industries, including retail, financial services, manufacturing, healthcare and telecom. ... Business-to-business (B2B) describes relations of commercial partners, without serving the end consumer. ... METTLER TOLEDO is a manufacturer producing weighing instrument and analytical instruments. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Research Triangle Park (RTP) is the largest research park in the world. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ...


Limited Brands (formerly known as The Limited, Inc.) is located on the east side of the city and is the parent company of the retail stores Victoria's Secret, and Bath & Body Works, among others. Limited Too is also based in the area. Retail Ventures is headquartered in the capital city. They operate stores under the DSW, Filene's Basement, American Signature, Rooms today and Value City banners. Limited Brands NYSE: LTD (formerly known as ) is an American company based in Columbus, Ohio. ... For the Sonata Arctica single, see Victorias Secret (song) Victorias Secret is an American retailer of lingerie and beauty products. ... Bath & Body Works, LLC is an American retail store under the Limited Brands umbrella. ... Too, Inc. ... Retail Ventures, Inc. ... DSW, Inc. ... Filenes Basement, also called The Basement, is a Massachusetts-based chain of department stores owned by Retail Ventures, Inc. ... The current Value City logo. ...


Three fast food chains are based in Columbus: Charley's Grilled Subs, Steak Escape, and White Castle. Cameron Mitchell Restaurants, Bob Evans Restaurants, Max & Erma's, Damon's Grill, and Donatos Pizza are also based in the city. Wendy's operated its first store downtown as both a museum and a restaurant until March 2007 when the establishment was closed due to low revenue. The company is presently headquartered outside the city in nearby Dublin. Asian frozen food manufacturer and ex-destination tiki destination Kahiki Foods is located on the East side of Columbus. Charleys Grilled Subs is a chain of fast-food restaurants in the United States. ... The Steak Escape is a restaurant which features cheesesteaks, fresh cut french fries, and lemonade. ... A White Castle Cheeseburger box. ... Cameron Mitchell Restaurants is a restaurant company headquartered in Columbus, Ohio. ... Bob Evans Farms, Inc. ... Max & Ermas (NASDAQ: MAXE) is a casual dining restaurant chain based in Columbus, Ohio. ... Damons Grill was founded in 1979 and is currently headquartered in Columbus, Ohio. ... Media:Example. ... Wendys is an international chain of fast food restaurants founded by Dave Thomas in 1969 in Columbus, Ohio. ... Motto: Its greener in Dublin. ...


Worthington Industries, a large steel-processing company, is primarily located on the north side near Worthington. Historically, Port Columbus International Airport was once home to a North American Aviation factory (later North American/Rockwell). Aircraft built in Columbus include the North American F-86 Sabre, A-5 Vigilante, OV-10 Bronco, T-2 Buckeye (named after the state tree, and Ohio State University's mascot), and components for the B-1 bomber, as well as numerous missiles and guidance systems.[46] Budweiser has a major brewery located on the north side, while Hexion Specialty Chemicals (formerly part of Borden, Inc.) is located downtown. The Ross Products Division of Abbott Laboratories, makers of Ensure nutritional drink and Similac infant formula, is headquartered in Columbus, with over 7,000 employees. UPS has a large distribution center on the west side of the city. Rumpke Consolidated Companies, Inc. has a large waste and recycling hauling operation, transfer station and material recovery facility located in the center of the city that serves the City of Columbus and most neighboring municipalities. Worthington Industries, Inc. ... , Port Columbus International Airport (IATA: CMH, ICAO: KCMH, FAA LID: CMH), commonly shortened to Port Columbus, is an international airport located 6 miles (10 kilometers) east of downtown Columbus, Ohio, USA. It is managed by the Columbus Regional Airport Authority which also oversees operations at Rickenbacker International Airport and Bolton... North American Aviation was a major US aircraft manufacturer. ... The first proposals for the North American Aviation F-86 Sabre were made in 1944, but construction was not begun until after World War II. Many elements of German jet design were implemented in the Sabre, after the American liberation troops captured a number of working Messerschmitt Me 262 experimental... The North American A-5 Vigilante was a powerful, highly advanced carrier-based supersonic bomber designed for the United States Navy. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The North American T-2 Buckeye is the United States Navys intermediate training aircraft, introducing Student Naval Aviators to jets. ... The Boeing IDS (formerly Rockwell) B-1B Lancer is a long-range strategic bomber in service with the USAF. Together with the B-52 Stratofortress, it is the backbone of the United Statess long-range bomber force. ... Budweiser, sometimes referred to as Bud, is a global pale lager brand owned by the St. ... Hexion Specialty Chemicals, Inc. ... Borden Milk Products LP was founded in 1856 by Gail Borden and is now owned by Dallas-based Milk Products LP. MPLP is privately held and located near National Dairy Products LP. Most of Bordens products are sold in the United States. ... Abbott Laboratories (NYSE: ABT) is a diversified pharmaceuticals and health care company. ... United Parcel Service, Inc. ...


Columbus is also home to Skybus Airlines. The start-up company began flying in May of 2007.[47] Skybus Airlines is a privately held airline based in Columbus, Ohio, USA. It is an ultra-low-cost carrier, modeled after the European airline Ryanair and the early years of Southwest Airlines. ...


Law and government

City Hall.
City Hall.
See also: List of Mayors of Columbus, Ohio

The government is administered by a mayor and a unicameral council elected every two years, the mayor appointing the director of safety and the director of public service. The people elect the treasurer, auditor, municipal court clerk, municipal court judges and city attorney. A charter commission, elected in 1913, submitted, in May, 1914, a new charter offering a modified Federal form, with a number of progressive features, such as nonpartisan ballot, preferential voting, recall of elected officials, the referendum, and a small council elected at large. The charter was adopted, effective January 1, 1916. The current mayor of Columbus is Michael B. Coleman. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2500x1667, 1201 KB) Summary City Hall in Columbus, Ohio. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2500x1667, 1201 KB) Summary City Hall in Columbus, Ohio. ... Columbus, Ohio is the capital of the state of Ohio and the states largest city and metropolitan region. ... Look up Treasurer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Audit can refer to: Telecommunication audit Financial audit Performance audit Completion of a course of study for which no assessment is completed or grade awarded; especially audit is awarded to those who have elected not to receive a letter grade for a course in which letter grades typically awarded. ... A court clerk or clerk of the court is an occupation whose responsibilities include maintaining the records of a court. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Columbus City Attorney is an election position with a 4 year term. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Mayor Michael B. Coleman Michael B. Coleman (b. ...


Crime

The City of Columbus is policed by a Municipal Police Department, the Columbus Division of Police. According to Morgan Quitno, in 2006 Columbus was the 9th most dangerous out of 32 cities with a population of 500,000 or more [48], though it has never been ranked among top 25 overall. This ranking is based on crime statistics compiled by the Federal Bureau of Investigation as weighted by Morgan Quitno's methodology [49]. According to FBI statistics for 2005, Columbus had 102 reported murders and 6,111 total reported violent crimes of all types.[50][51] There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Morgan Quitno Press is an research and publishing company based out of Lawrence, Kansas. ... F.B.I. and FBI redirect here. ...


Mayor Michael Coleman is a member of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition[52], a bi-partisan group with a stated goal of "making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets." The Coalition is co-chaired by Boston, Massachusetts Mayor Thomas Menino and New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg. Michael Coleman (1889–1945) was an Irish fiddler. ... The Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition is a coalition of mayors from 225 different United States cities, with a stated goal of making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets. ... In a two-party system (such as in the United States), bipartisan refers to any bill, act, resolution, or any other action of a political body in which both of the major political parties are in agreement. ... Boston redirects here. ... Thomas Michael Menino (born December 27, 1942) is the current mayor of Boston, Massachusetts, United States and the citys first Italian-American mayor. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Michael Rubens Bloomberg (born 14 February 1942) is an American businessman, founder of Bloomberg L.P., and the current Mayor of New York City. ...


Education

Colleges and universities

West Stands of Ohio Stadium
West Stands of Ohio Stadium

Columbus is the home of two public colleges: The Ohio State University, the largest college campus in the United States and Columbus State Community College. Private institutions located in Columbus include the Columbus College of Art and Design, DeVry University,Ohio Institute of Health Careers, and Franklin University, as well as the religious schools Mount Carmel College of Nursing, Ohio Dominican University, Pontifical College Josephinum, and Trinity Lutheran Seminary. Three major suburban schools also have an influence on Columbus' educational landscape: Bexley's Capital University, Westerville's Otterbein College, and Delaware's Ohio Wesleyan University. Image File history File linksMetadata Upperdeck-01akr. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Upperdeck-01akr. ... Ohio Stadium (also known as The House Harley Built, The Horseshoe, or simply The ’Shoe) is the home of the Buckeyes football team at The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio. ... College (Latin collegium) is a term most often used today to denote an educational institution. ... The Ohio State University (OSU) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Ohio. ... This list of largest United States higher education institutions by enrollment includes only individual four-year campuses, not four-year universities. ... Columbus State Community College, commonly referred to as CSCC, was first established as Columbus Technical Institute in 1963. ... Columbus College of Art & Design (CCAD), is one of the largest and oldest private art colleges in the United States. ... DeVry University and DeVry Institute of Technology are divisions of Devry Inc. ... Ohio Institute of Health Careers, with campus locations in Columbus and Elyria, Ohio, provides students with the training needed to begin a career in the healthcare field. ... Franklin University is a private university in downtown Columbus, Ohio. ... Ohio Dominican University is a coed, four-year private Catholic liberal arts university in Columbus, Ohio, USA, with nearly 3000 students from 13 states and 20 foreign countries. ... The Pontifical College Josephinum is a four-year liberal arts college and graduate school of theology located at 7625 North High Street, in Columbus, Ohio. ... Trinity Lutheran Seminary is a (ELCA) seminary (a school of theology) located in Columbus, Ohio. ... Capital University is a university of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America located in Bexley, Ohio, founded in 1830, that offers five schools of study: College of Arts and Sciences; the Conservatory of Music; Capital University Law School; School of Management; and School of Nursing. ... Otterbein College is a private, four-year liberal arts college in Westerville, Ohio. ... “OWU” redirects here. ...


Primary and secondary schools

Columbus City Schools (CCS), formally Columbus Public Schools, is the second largest district in Ohio, with 62,000 pupils.[53] CCS operates 142 elementary, middle, and high schools, including a number of alternative schools. The suburbs operate their own districts as well, typically serving students in one or more townships, with districts sometimes crossing municipal boundaries. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Columbus also operates numerous parochial elementary and high schools. The second largest school district in the area is South-Western City Schools, which encompasses southwestern Franklin County. There are three large secular private schools in the area. Columbus City Schools is the official school district for the city of Columbus, Ohio. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... Middle school (also known as intermediate school or junior high school) covers a period of education that straddles primary/elementary education and secondary education, serving as a bridge between the two. ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ... In education, the phrase alternative school, sometimes referred to as a minischool, or special school, is any public or private school having a special curriculum, especially an elementary or secondary school offering a more flexible program of study than a traditional school. ... The Roman Catholic Diocese of Columbus (Latin: Dioecesis Columbensis) is a Roman Catholic diocese covering 23 counties in Ohio. ... A parochial school (or faith school) is a type of private school which engages in religious education in addition to conventional education. ... South-Western City Schools is a public school district headquartered southwest of Columbus, Ohio in Grove City, Ohio. ...


Some sources claim that the first kindergarten in the United States was established here by Louisa Frankenberg, a former student of Friedrich Froebel.[54] Frankenberg immigrated to the city in 1838. In addition, Indianola Junior High School became the nation's first middle school in 1909, helping to bridge the difficult transition from elementary to high school at a time when only 48% of students continued their education after the 9th grade.[55] For other uses, see Kindergarten (disambiguation). ... Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel (1782-1852) was a German educationalist. ... Indianola Junior High School was the first junior high school in the United States. ... Middle school (also known as intermediate school or junior high school) covers a period of education that straddles primary/elementary education and secondary education, serving as a bridge between the two. ... Ninth grade is a year of education in the United States and other countries nine years after kindergarten. ...


Libraries

The Columbus Metropolitan Library has been serving residents of Central Ohio since 1873. With a collection of 3 million items, the system has 22 locations throughout the area. This library is one of the most-used library systems in the country and is consistently among the top-ranked large city libraries according to "Hennen’s American Public Library Ratings" .[56][57] This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Culture

See also: List of people associated with Columbus, Ohio

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Landmarks

The Ohio Statehouse
The Ohio Statehouse

Columbus is home to several notable buildings, including the Greek-Revival State Capitol, the art-deco Ohio Judicial Center and the Peter Eisenman-designed Wexner Center and Greater Columbus Convention Center. Other buildings of interest include the Rhodes State Office Tower, LeVeque Tower, and One Nationwide Plaza. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2812x2258, 848 KB) [edit] Summary The Ohio Statehouse in Columbus, Ohio. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2812x2258, 848 KB) [edit] Summary The Ohio Statehouse in Columbus, Ohio. ... Installation art by Peter Eisenman in the courtyard of Castelvecchio Museum in Verona, Italy, Entitled: Il giardino dei passi perduti, (The garden of the lost steps) Peter Eisenman (born August 11, 1932 in Newark, New Jersey) is one of the foremost practitioners of deconstructivism in American architecture. ... The north side of the Wexner Center The Wexner Center for the Arts is a contemporary art gallery and research laboratory for the arts at the Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio. ... The Greater Columbus Convention Center is a convention center located in downtown Columbus, Ohio, United States, along the east side of High Street. ... The James A. Rhodes State Office Tower is a 629-foot skyscraper located in Columbus, OH. The Rhodes Tower, completed in 1977, is currently the tallest building in Columbus. ... LeVeque Tower is a 47-story Art Deco skyscraper in Columbus, Ohio. ... One Nationwide Plaza at night. ...


The Ohio Statehouse construction began in 1839 on a 10-acre (40,000-m²) plot of land donated by four prominent Columbus landowners. This plot formed Capitol Square, which was not part of the original layout of the city. Built of Columbus limestone from the Marble Cliff Quarry Co., the Statehouse stands on foundations 18 feet (5 m) deep, laid by prison labor gangs rumored to have been comprised largely of masons jailed for minor infractions.[58] The Statehouse features a central recessed porch with a colonnade of a forthright and primitive Greek Doric mode. A broad and low central pediment supports the windowed astylar drum under an invisibly low saucer dome that lights the interior rotunda. Unlike many U.S. state capitol buildings, the Ohio State Capitol owes little to the architecture of the national Capitol. During the long course of the Statehouse's 22 years of construction, seven architects were employed. Relations between the legislature and the architects were not always cordial: Nathan B. Kelly, who introduced heating and an ingenious system of natural forced ventilation, was dismissed because the commissioners found his designs too lavish for the original intentions of the committee. The Statehouse was opened to the legislature and the public in 1857 and finally completed in 1861. It is located at the intersection of Broad and High Streets in downtown Columbus. South facade of the Ohio Statehouse The Ohio Statehouse, located in Columbus, Ohio, is the seat of government for the state of Ohio. ... For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ... The Marble Cliff Quarry Co. ... Penal labour is a form of the unfree labour. ... This article refers to the building structure component; for the fraternal organization, see Freemasonry. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Enormous colonnade of the Kazan Cathedral in St Petersburg. ... The Doric order was one of the orginal pokersthree orders or organizational systems of Ancient Greek or classical architecture; the other two canonical orders were the Ionic and the Corinthian. ... Astylar (from Gr. ... For other uses, see Dome (disambiguation). ... The famous Rotunda church in Thessaloniki, Greece. ... The United States Capitol is the capitol building that serves as the location for the United States Congress, the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government. ...


Founded in 1975, The Jefferson Center for Learning and the Arts is a campus of nonprofit organizations and a center for research, publications, and seminars on nonprofit leadership and governance. Located at the eastern edge of downtown Columbus, Ohio, The Jefferson Center has restored eleven turn-of-the-century homes, including the childhood residence of James Thurber. These locations are used for nonprofits in human services, education and the arts. The center recently obtained a twelfth property to renovate.[59] James Grover Thurber (December 8, 1894–November 2, 1961) was a U.S. humorist and cartoonist. ...


A to-scale replica of the Santa Maria is found on the Scioto Riverfront. It was installed in 1992 to commemorate the 500-year anniversary of the discovery of America by Columbus' namesake. A functional sailing replica of the Santa Maria in Funchal, Madeira Islands, Portugal. ... Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator, colonizer, and explorer and one of the first Europeans to explore the Americas after the Vikings. ...


Within the Driving Park heritage district lies the original home of Eddie Rickenbacker the famous WWI fighter pilot ace. Current reconstruction of the home is underway. Driving Park is an area on the near east side of Columbus, Ohio. ... Eddie Rickenbacker (October 8, 1890 – July 27, 1973) was best known as a World War I fighter ace and Medal of Honor recipient. ...


Established in 1848, Green Lawn Cemetery is one of the largest cemeteries in the Midwestern United States. Greenlawn Cemetery is a large and historically significant burial ground in Central Ohio. ...


Museums

Columbus Museum of Art
Columbus Museum of Art

The Columbus Museum of Art opened in 1931, and has a collection focusing on European and American art up to early modernism. On the campus of The Ohio State University, one can find The Wexner Center for the Arts, a contemporary art gallery and research facility. Also on campus is the Ohio State University Athletics Hall of Fame, located in the Jerome Schottenstein Center (home of the OSU basketball and men's ice hockey teams), as well as the Jack Nicklaus museum next door. Download high resolution version (2776x1492, 672 KB)Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, Ohio This image was created by Alexander Smith on 8 May, 2004. ... Download high resolution version (2776x1492, 672 KB)Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, Ohio This image was created by Alexander Smith on 8 May, 2004. ... The Columbus Museum of Art is an art museum in downtown Columbus, Ohio, on East Broad Street. ... For Christian theological modernism, see Liberal Christianity and Modernism (Roman Catholicism). ... The south side of the Wexner Center. ... Value City Arena at the Jerome Schottenstein Center is a 19,200-seat multi-purpose arena located on the campus of The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio. ... Jack William Nicklaus (born January 21, 1940), also known as The Golden Bear,[1] is widely regarded as the greatest professional golfer of all time, in large part because of his records in major championships. ...


Located in Franklin Park, one finds Franklin Park Conservatory, a botanical garden which opened in 1895.[60] Renovated in 1992, it was home to the horticultural festival AmeriFlora '92. In 2004, it was loaned a large collection of Dale Chihuly glass sculpture, which was subsequently purchased and is now a permanent collection. Franklin Park Conservatory is a conservatory and botanical garden located at 1777 East Broad Street, Columbus, Ohio. ... Ameriflora 92 was an international horticultural exhibition held in Columbus, Ohio from April 20 - October 12, 1992. ... Dale Chihuly. ...


COSI, (formerly the Center of Science and Industry), is a large science museum. The present building, the former Central High School, was completed in November 1999, opposite downtown on the west bank of the Scioto River. COSI Logo COSI, formerly known as the Center of Science and Industry, is a science museum in Columbus, Ohio, in the United States. ...


The Ohio Historical Society is headquartered in Columbus, with its flagship museum, the 250,000-square-foot (23,000-m²) Ohio Historical Center, located 4 miles (6 km) north of downtown. Along with the museum is Ohio Village, a replica of a village around the time of the American Civil War. The Ohio Historical Society is a non-profit organization incorporated in 1885 ...to promote a knowledge of archaeology and history, especially in Ohio. ... Ohio Village is a living history museum in Columbus, Ohio operated by the non-profit Ohio Historical Society. ...


Parks and outdoor attractions

Big Darby Creek
Big Darby Creek

The Columbus and Franklin County Metropolitan Park District includes Inniswood Metro Gardens, a collection of public gardens; Highbanks Metro Park; Battelle-Darby Creek Metro Park; as well as many others. The Big Darby Creek in the southwestern part of town is considered to be especially significant for its beauty and ecological diversity [61]. Clintonville is home to Whetstone Park, which includes the Park of Roses, a beautiful 13 acre rose garden. The Chadwick Arboretum is located on the OSU campus, and features a large and varied collection of plants. Downtown, the famous painting Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte is represented in topiary at Columbus's Old Deaf School Park. Also near downtown, a new Metro Park on the Whittier Peninsula is scheduled to open in 2008. The park will include a large Audubon nature center focused on the excellent bird watching that the area is known for.[62] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 3384 KB) The Big Darby Creek in Prairie Oaks Metro Park near Columbus, Ohio. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 3384 KB) The Big Darby Creek in Prairie Oaks Metro Park near Columbus, Ohio. ... The Metro Parks are a group of 14 metropolitan parks near Columbus, Ohio. ... The Inniswood Botanical Garden and Nature Preserve (123 acres), also known as Inniswood Metro Gardens, is a botanical garden and nature preserve located at 940 South Hempstead Road, Westerville, Ohio. ... Chadwick Arboretum (60 acres) is an arboretum on the Agriculture campus of Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. ... Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte (Un dimanche après-midi à lIle de la Grande Jatte) is Georges Seurats most famous work, and is an example of pointillism that is widely considered to be one of the most remarkable paintings of the 19th century, belonging... A topiary dinosaur at Epcot Topiary is the art of creating sculptures in the medium of shrubbery, after the Latin word for an ornamental landscape gardener, toparius. ...


The Columbus Zoo and Aquarium is world renowned for its collections that include lowland gorillas, manatees, Siberian tigers, cheetahs, and kangaroos. Its director emeritus, Jack Hanna, frequently appears on national television, including on The Tonight Show and The Late Show with David Letterman. Also in the zoo complex is the Zoombezi Bay water park and amusement park, which is currently under construction and scheduled to open in May 2008. The Columbus Zoo and Aquarium is a non-profit zoo located in Powell, Ohio (Liberty Township/Delaware County), just north of Columbus. ... Monkeys on the Interstate, 1989, by Jack Hanna Jack Hanna (b. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Late Show with David Letterman is an hour-long weeknight comedy and talk show broadcast by CBS from the Ed Sullivan Theater on Broadway in New York City. ... Zoombezi Bay is a combination water/amusement park under construction in Powell, Ohio (Liberty Township/Delaware County), just north of Columbus. ... Fun at a water park A water park is an amusement park that features waterplay areas, such as water slides, splash pads, spraygrounds (water playgrounds), lazy rivers, or other recreational bathing environments. ... Theme park redirects here. ...


Named a "Great Garden City" by Organic Gardening magazine (June/July 2006 issue), there are over 60 community gardens, as well as many farmers markets featuring local foods.


Performing arts

Palace Theatre
Palace Theatre

Columbus is the home of many renowned performing arts institutions, including Opera Columbus, BalletMet, the Columbus Symphony Orchestra, the Contemporary American Theatre Company (CATCO), Shadowbox Cabaret and the Columbus Jazz Orchestra. Throughout the summer, the Actors' Theatre offers free performances of Shakespearean plays in an open-air amphitheatre located in German Village. The Columbus Gay Men's Chorus is also a vibrant part of the arts community, and showcases the city's diversity. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2500x1667, 1057 KB) Summary Palace Theatre at the base of LeVeque Tower in Columbus, Ohio. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2500x1667, 1057 KB) Summary Palace Theatre at the base of LeVeque Tower in Columbus, Ohio. ... The Columbus Symphony Orchestra is a symphony orchestra of the United States, based in Columbus, Ohio. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Colosseum in Rome, Italy. ... German Village is a historic neighborhood just south of downtown Columbus, Ohio. ...


There are numerous large concert venues in Columbus, including arenas such as Nationwide Arena, Value City Arena, and Germain Amphitheatre. The Lifestyle Communities Pavilion (the LC for short) (formerly the PromoWest Pavilion), Veterans Memorial auditorium, and the Newport Music Hall, round out the city's music performance spaces. Recently, funding has been allocated to renovate the Lincoln Theatre, which was formerly a center for Black culture in Columbus.[63][64] Not far from the Lincoln Theatre is the King Arts Complex, which hosts various cultural events. The city also has a number of theatres downtown, including the historic Palace Theatre, the Ohio Theatre, the Southern Theatre, and the Riffe Center which houses The Capitol Theatre as well as two studio theatres. Much of the growth in entertainment capacity in Columbus has been recent. The construction of the Crew Stadium, Nationwide Arena, Value City Arena, the Greater Columbus Convention Center, and the Lifestyle Communities Pavilion are all projects completed since 1990. Nationwide Arena is a sports and entertainment arena in Columbus, Ohio. ... Jerome Schottenstein Center (JSC) is located around the corner of Olentangy River Rd. ... The Germain Amphitheatre is a 20,000 seat outdoor entertainment venue located in Columbus, Ohio. ... Lifestyle Communities Pavilion (formerly Promowest Pavilion) is an indoor-outdoor concert venue in Columbus, Ohio. ... The Newport Music Hall is a music venue located at 1722 North High Street, Columbus, Ohio across the street from the Ohio Union of The Ohio State University. ... The Lincoln Theatre in Yountville, California, USA, located in Napa County, California is the performing venue for the Napa Regional Dance Company. ... LeVeque Tower is a 47-story Art Deco skyscraper in Columbus, Ohio. ... The Ohio Theatre The Ohio Theatre is the official state theater of Ohio,[] located in downtown Columbus on the former site of the old Columbus City Hall. ...


Sports

Nationwide Arena
Nationwide Arena
Sold out crowd to see Columbus's NHL team
Sold out crowd to see Columbus's NHL team

Columbus is home to The Ohio State Buckeyes college football team. The team is a member of the NCAA's Big Ten Conference, and plays home games at Ohio Stadium. The OSU-Michigan football game is the final game of the regular season and is played in November each year, alternating between Columbus and Ann Arbor, Michigan. ESPN has recognized the OSU-Michigan rivalry as the greatest rivalry in all of sports.[65] Moreover, "Buckeye fever" permeates Columbus culture year-round and forms a major part of Columbus's cultural identity. During the winter months, the Buckeyes basketball team is also a major sporting attraction. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2500x1464, 922 KB) Summary Nationwide Arena ice hockey stadium in Columbus, paid for by and named for Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2500x1464, 922 KB) Summary Nationwide Arena ice hockey stadium in Columbus, paid for by and named for Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 768 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A sellout crowd at Nationwide Arena for a game between the Blue Jackets and Boston Bruins in 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 768 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A sellout crowd at Nationwide Arena for a game between the Blue Jackets and Boston Bruins in 2006. ... For information specifically about the 2006 season, see 2006 Ohio State Buckeyes football team. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA, often said NC-Double-A) is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletics programs of many colleges and universities in the United States. ... For other uses of the term Big Ten see Big Ten (disambiguation). ... Ohio Stadium (also known as The House Harley Built, The Horseshoe, or simply The ’Shoe) is the home of the Buckeyes football team at The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio. ... The Ohio State Universitys intercollegiate sports teams and players are called the Buckeyes (after the state tree, the Buckeye), and participate in the NCAAs Division I in all sports and the Big Ten Conference in most sports. ... The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (U of M, UM or simply Michigan) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Michigan. ... Ann Arbor redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... The Michigan-Ohio State rivalry is the intense rivalry between the University of Michigan and The Ohio State University football teams. ... Pairs of schools, colleges and universities, especially when they are close to each other either geographically or in their areas of specialization, often establish a college rivalry with each other over the years. ...


Columbus has professional sports teams in hockey, soccer, arena football, and minor league baseball. The Columbus Blue Jackets of the National Hockey League and Columbus Destroyers of the Arena Football League both play at Nationwide Arena. The Columbus Crew of Major League Soccer play at their own stadium, Columbus Crew Stadium, which was the first Soccer-specific stadium built in the United States, and has played host to many events, including world cup qualifiers and the US national team. The Columbus Clippers, Triple A affiliate of the Washington Nationals (formerly a long-time affiliate of the New York Yankees through 2006), currently host their games at Cooper Stadium but are beginning construction on a new ballpark in the Arena District named Huntington Park, currently scheduled to open in April, 2009. From 1985 to 1988, Columbus hosted major league auto racing, with the IMSA Columbus Ford Dealers 500. Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Arena football is a sport invented by Jim Foster, a former executive of the United States Football League and the National Football League. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... The Columbus Blue Jackets are a professional ice hockey team based in Columbus, Ohio, United States. ... NHL redirects here. ... Conference National Division Eastern Year founded 1999 Home arena Nationwide Arena City, State Columbus, Ohio Head Coach Doug Kay ArenaBowl championships 0 Conference titles 0 Division titles 1: 2007 Wild Card berths 3: 2000, 2002, 2007 The Columbus Destroyers are an Arena Football League team. ... The Arena Football League (AFL) was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. ... Nationwide Arena is a sports and entertainment arena in Columbus, Ohio. ... Year founded 1994 League Major League Soccer Nickname The Crew, Americas Hardest Working Team Stadium Columbus Crew Stadium Columbus, OH Coach Sigi Schmid Owner Clark Hunt First Game Columbus Crew 4–0 D.C. United (Ohio Stadium; April 13, 1996) Largest Win Columbus Crew 6–1 New England Revolution... Major League Soccer (MLS) is a professional soccer league with teams in the United States and Canada. ... Columbus Crew Stadium is a soccer-specific stadium in Columbus, Ohio. ... Columbus Crew Stadium opened in 1999 as the first of a growing number of American stadiums built for soccer Soccer-specific stadium (SSS) is a term used mainly in the United States and Canada. ... Class-Level Triple-A (1966-Present) Minor League affiliations International League West Division Major League affiliation Washington Nationals (2007-Present) New York Yankees (1979-2006) Pittsburgh Pirates (1977-1978) Current uniform Name Columbus Clippers (1977-Present) Ballpark Cooper Stadium (1977-Present)(formerly known as Franklin County Stadium from 1977-1984... The International League (IL) is a minor league baseball league which operates in the eastern United States and Canada. ... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Washington Nationals (2005–present) Montreal Expos (1969-2004) Other nicknames The Nats Ballpark Nationals Ballpark (2008–present) RFK Stadium 2005-2007 Hiram Bithorn Stadium[3] (San Juan) (2003-2004) Olympic Stadium (Montreal) (1977... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... Cooper Stadium is a baseball stadium in Columbus, Ohio and is the home of the Columbus Clippers, the AAA affiliate of the New York Yankees. ... Huntington Park will be the new stadium for the Columbus Clippers AAA baseball team of the International League. ... A Peugeot 206 World Rally Car Motor racing and Motorsports redirect here. ... IMSA logo The International Motor Sports Association (generally referred to as IMSA) is an American auto racing sanctioning body based in Braselton, Georgia. ...


Columbus hosts the annual Arnold Classic fitness expo and competition in late February. Hosted by Arnold Schwarzenegger , the event has grown to eight Olympic sports and 12,000 athletes competing in 20 world-class events. The annual All American Quarter Horse Congress, the largest single breed horse show in the world, is held at the Ohio Expo Center each October. The Arnold Classic is an annual bodybuilding competition, named after Arnold Schwarzenegger, that takes place in late February or early March in Columbus, Ohio, United States. ... Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (German pronunciation IPA: ) (born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-born American bodybuilder, actor, and politician, currently serving as the 38th Governor of the U.S. state of California. ...


Fairs and festivals

Annual festivities in Columbus include the Ohio State Fair—one of the largest state fairs in the country— as well as the Columbus Arts Festival and the Jazz and Ribs Festival, both of which occur on the downtown riverfront. ComFest (short for "Community Festival") is an immense three-day gathering in Goodale Park (just north of downtown Columbus and adjacent to the Short North) with art vendors and live musicians on multiple stages, hundreds of local social and political organizations, body painting and beer. Coinciding with the weekend of ComFest is the large Gay Pride Parade, reflective of the sizeable gay population in Columbus. Another notable festival is the Hot Times festival, held annually in Columbus's historic Olde Towne East neighborhood - a celebration of music, arts, food, and diversity. Food stands along the midway The Ohio State Fair is one of the largest state fairs in the United States. ... The 2007 ComFest logo was designed by Jason Kroninger. ... 2004 Gay Pride Parade in São Paulo, Brazil. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Around the Fourth of July, Columbus hosts Red, White, and Boom, the largest fireworks display in the Midwest on the Scioto riverfront downtown to crowds of over 500,000 people, as well as the popular Doo Dah Parade, a nonsensical satire of ordinary parades.[66] Red, White & Boom is the name of a number of annual fireworks shows in the United States, held on or near July 4 to celebration the nations Independence Day. ... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... The Doo Dah Parade is a popular farcical and flamboyant parade held in Pasadena, California on the Sunday before Thanksgiving. ...


During Memorial Day Weekend, Columbus holds the popular Asian Festival in Franklin Park. Hundreds of restaurants, vendors, and companies open up booths, traditional music and martial arts are performed, and cultural exhibits are set up. In recent years, attendees have numbered over 100,000. Marcon, one of the oldest and largest Science Fiction conventions in the country, is held over the Memorial Day weekend downtown.


Each June, the Park of Roses in Clintonville holds its annual "Rose Festival" featuring 13 acres of blooming roses. Festival Latino is held in June and celebrates Latino culture with music, food and activities. This free event is held downtown and draws over 300,000. Also in June is the historic Juneteenth Celebration in Franklin Park. It commemorates the announcement of the abolition of slavery in Texas. The holiday originated in Galveston, Texas; for more than a century, the state of Texas was the primary home of Juneteenth celebrations. The weekend celebration draws out many community activists, organizations and families in the Franklin Park area. Walhalla, a ravine in Clintonville Clintonville is an unincorporated neighborhood in north-central Columbus, Ohio, with around 28,000 residents. ...


The Jazz and Rib Fest is a free downtown event held each July featuring jazz artists and rib vendors from around the country.


The Origins Game Fair is held at the Greater Columbus Convention Center in late June/early July, featuring board games, card games, miniatures games and role-playing games from all over the world. Origins Game Fair is one of North Americas most prominent annual gaming conventions, second in size only to Gen Con. ...


The Short North is host to the monthly "Gallery Hop", which attracts hundreds to the neighborhood's art galleries (which all open their doors to the public until late at night) and street musicians. The Hilltop Bean Dinner is an annual event held on Columbus' West Side that celebrates the city's Civil War heritage near the historic Camp Chase Cemetery. At the end of September, German Village throws an annual Oktoberfest celebration that features authentic German food, beer, music, and crafts. German Village is a historic neighborhood just south of downtown Columbus, Ohio. ... The Oktoberfest is a two-week festival held each year in Munich, Germany during late September and early October. ...


Columbus also hosts many conventions in the Greater Columbus Convention Center, a pastel-colored deconstructivist building on the north edge of downtown that resembles jumbled blocks, or a train yard from overhead. The convention center was designed by famed architect Peter Eisenman, who also designed the aforementioned Wexner Center. Completed in 1993, the convention center now is 1.7 million square feet.[67] Libeskinds Imperial War Museum North in Manchester comprises three apparently intersecting curved volumes. ... Installation art by Peter Eisenman in the courtyard of Castelvecchio Museum in Verona, Italy, Entitled: Il giardino dei passi perduti, (The garden of the lost steps) Peter Eisenman (born August 11, 1932 in Newark, New Jersey) is one of the foremost practitioners of deconstructivism in American architecture. ...


Media

Columbus's sole remaining daily newspaper is the Columbus Dispatch; its erstwhile main competitor, the Columbus Citizen-Journal, ceased publication on December 31, 1985. There are also a number of weekly newspapers, including neighborhood/suburb specific papers such as Suburban News Publications which serves 23 suburbs and Columbus; The Daily Reporter, central Ohio's only daily business and legal newspaper; ThisWeek; and "alternative" arts/culture/politics-oriented papers such as The Other Paper and aLIVE (formerly the independent Columbus Alive, and now owned by the Columbus Dispatch). C-BUS Magazine, C Magazine, and Columbus Monthly are the city's magazines. The Columbus Dispatch is a daily newspaper, based in Columbus, Ohio, that serves the central portion of the state. ... The Columbus Citizen-Journal was a Scripps-Howard publication. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The Other Paper is a free weekly news publication servicing the Greater Columbus area. ... Look up alive in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Columbus Monthly is a monthly magazine which provides an in-depth take on news, arts, sports, and culture in the community. ...


The city's business community is also served by Columbus Business First, a weekly business publication that is part of the Charlotte-based American City Business Journals, which have business papers in cities across the U.S. American City Business Journals is an American newspaper chain based in Charlotte, North Carolina. ...


Among Columbus's radio stations are WTVN (610) and WBNS (1460), both among the oldest AM stations in the country; WOSU (820 AM) and WOSU-FM (89.7 FM), operated by The Ohio State University; WCBE (90.5 FM), a National Public Radio affiliate run by the Columbus Board of Education; WCOL (92.3 FM), a country music station; WLVQ (96.3 FM), a long-running classic-rock station; WWCD (101.1 FM), Columbus's locally-owned alternative rock station; WUFM (88.7 FM) "Radio U", WBZX (99.7 FM) "The Blitz", a modern rock station, WNCI (97.9 FM), WJZA (103.5 and 104.3 FM) a local smooth jazz radio station, WCKX (107.5 FM) an Urban, hip hop and R&B station. WTVN is a full-service AM radio station in Columbus, Ohio located at 610 kHz. ... WBNS is an AM radio station that broadcasts from Columbus, Ohio and can be heard as far as Dayton, Ohio. ... WOSU is an AM radio station in Columbus, Ohio, located at 820 kHz. ... WOSU-FM 89. ... WCBE General Information FM radio station in Columbus, Ohio located at 90. ... NPR redirects here. ... WCOL General information The call letters WCOL are used by a radio station in Columbus, Ohio owned by Clear Channel Communications. ... WLVQ is an FM radio station in Columbus, Ohio, United States, broadcasting on 96. ... CD101. ... WUFM or Radio U is an Christian rock FM radio station in Columbus, Ohio located at 88. ... WBZX (99. ... WNCI (97. ... WJZA is an FM radio station in Lancaster, Ohio broadcasting on 103. ... WCKX is a mainstream urban radio station in Columbus, Ohio, currently owned by Radio One. ...


Columbus's television stations include WCMH 4 (NBC), WSYX 6 (ABC), WBNS 10 (CBS), WTTE 28 (Fox), WOSU 34 (PBS), Columbus Sports Network, WSFJ 51 (a Christian-oriented station), and WWHO 53 (The CW). Columbus was also the birthplace of the Pinwheel Network in 1979.[68] The channel then turned into the world-famous Nickelodeon cable network in 1981 and now is the global force in children's television. WCMH-TV, channel 4, is the NBC television affiliate serving the Columbus, Ohio market. ... This article is about the television network. ... WSYX, channel 6, is the ABC television affiliate in Columbus, Ohio. ... This article is about the American broadcast network. ... WBNS-TV (10TV) is the CBS television affiliate for Columbus and central Ohio. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... WTTE, FOX28 is the Fox television affiliate in Columbus, Ohio. ... FOX redirects here. ... WOSU-TV (channel 34, digital channel 36) is an American television station located in Columbus, Ohio. ... PBS redirects here. ... The Columbus Sports Network (CSN) is a cable and broadcast television station, exclusive to the Columbus, Ohio market, that launched on March 24, 2007. ... WSFJ is the i television affiliate in Columbus, Ohio. ... WWHO, UPN Columbus, is the Columbus, Ohio television affiliate for both UPN and The WB television network. ... The Crimson White, known colloquially as The CW, is the student-run newspaper of the University of Alabama. ... This article is about the TV channel. ... Childrens television shows are television programs designed for and marketed to children, normally aired during the morning and afternoon hours, mainly before and after school. ...

Sister cities

Columbus has seven sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International. Columbus established its first Sister City relationship in 1955 with Genoa, Italy. To commemorate this relationship, Columbus received as a gift from the people of Genoa a bronze statue of Christopher Columbus. The statue, sculpted by artist Edoardo Alfieri, overlooks Broad Street in front of Columbus City Hall.[69] Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... Sister Cities International is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and fostering town twinning, especially between cities in the United States and cities in other countries. ... This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ... Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator, colonizer, and explorer and one of the first Europeans to explore the Americas after the Vikings. ... Edoardo Alfieri (first name usually shortened to Dino; December 8, 1886, Bologna—1966, Milan) was an Italian fascist politician. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Dresden (etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest) is the capital city of the German Federal Free State of Saxony. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... For other uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Hefei (Chinese: 合肥; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hofei) is a prefecture-level city and the provincial capital of Anhui province, China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Ben-Gūryōn Avenue in the centre of Herzliyyāh, facing north towards Sōkōlōv Street (1998) Herzliya (in Hebrew: הֶרְצְלִיָּה, without Niqqud: הרצלייה, commonly pronounced in Hebrew as Hertseliya) is a city in Israel, on the central coastal strip in the south of the Sharon region, just north... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Odense is the third largest city in Denmark with 145,554 inhabitants (Odense city January 1, 2004) and the capital of the island of Funen. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... For other uses, see Seville (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Tainan redirects here; for the county of the same name see Tainan County. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ...

References

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  2. ^ Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-04-05.
  3. ^ Matzer Rose, Marla. "COLUMBUS AMONG 'BEST PLACES TO LIVE'", The Columbus Dispatch, 2006-07-18, pp. Business 01E. (English) 
  4. ^ GaWC Research Bulletin 5, GaWC, Loughborough University, 28 July 1999
  5. ^ Harden, Mike. "OR YOU COULD JUST SAY, `I COME FROM COLUMBUS'", The Columbus Dispatch, 1997-08-10, pp. ACCENT & ENTERTAINMENT 01C. (English) 
  6. ^ Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-04-05.
  7. ^ Lentz, Ed (2003). Columbus: The Story of a City. Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 16. ISBN 0-7385-2429-8. 
  8. ^ Moore, Opha (1930). History of Franklin County Ohio. Topeka-Indianapolis: Historical Publishing Company, 76. 
  9. ^ Lentz, p. 33
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  12. ^ Moore, p. 122
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  18. ^ Darbee, Jeffrey (2003). Taking the Cars: A History of Columbus Union Station. Columbus: The Ohio Historical Society. ISBN 0-9742573-0-3. 
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  35. ^ Moore, p. 127
  36. ^ Columbus Union Station (2006-10-13).
  37. ^ Metropolitan Areas Served by Amtrak (2006-11-23).
  38. ^ Streetcar Working Group (2006-11-23).
  39. ^ Historical US Census data (2006-10-13).
  40. ^ Pyle, Encarnacion. "COLUMBUS BECOMING A MINI MELTING POT", The Columbus Dispatch, 2006-03-14, pp. News 01A. (English) 
  41. ^ Pyle, Encarnacion. "PERMANENT HOMES ELUDE MANY WHO FLED SOMALIA", The Columbus Dispatch, 2006-05-14, pp. News 01A. (English) 
  42. ^ Wolf, Barnet D.. "FRESH APPROACH Long John Silver’s test site tries grilling on for size", The Columbus Dispatch, 2006-12-05. (English) 
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  44. ^ "Study: Columbus has Ohio's best economy", Business First of Columbus, 2006-08-30. Retrieved on 2006-12-01. (English) 
  45. ^ 315 Research + Technology Corridor Official Website
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  47. ^ Grossman, David (2007-05-21), "Skybus takes flight with low fares -- and a slew of Fees", USAToday, <http://www.usatoday.com/travel/columnist/grossman/2007-05-21-skybus_N.htm>
  48. ^ Morgan Quinto crime rankings (2006-10-30).
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  55. ^ Ohio History Central
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  57. ^ HAPLR 100 for 1999 to 2006. Hennen's American Public Library Ratings (1999-2006). Retrieved on 2007-05-03.
  58. ^ Ohio Statehouse Facts (2006-12-13).
  59. ^ The Jefferson Center (2006-10-13).
  60. ^ http://www.fpconservatory.org/missionhistory.htm Franklin Park Conservatory - Mission & History
  61. ^ Big Darby Creek Watershed (2006-11-23).
  62. ^ Gebolys, Debbie. "GRANGE DONATING $4 MILLION", The Columbus Dispatch, 2006-11-16, pp. Business 01G. (English) 
  63. ^ Siegel, Jim. "THEATER'S FUTURE ABOUT MORE THAN POLITICS, MAYOR SAYS", The Columbus Dispatch, 2006-08-19, pp. News 05D. (English) 
  64. ^ Siegel, Jim. "STATE READIES PROJECTS BUDGET", The Columbus Dispatch, 2006-12-05, pp. News 01D. (English) 
  65. ^ Greatest Sports Rivalries (2006-10-13).
  66. ^ Budzak, Gary (2005-05-29), "Revelry is plentiful not too far away", Columbus Dispatch, <http://www.columbusdispatch.com/live/contentbe/dispatch/2005/05/29/20050529-H5-00.html>
  67. ^ Robison, Elwin (1994), [http://architronic.saed.kent.edu/v3n1/v3n1.05.html EISENMAN'S CHIP-BOARD FANTASY: THE GREATER COLUMBUS CONVENTION CENTER, Columbus, Ohio], <http://architronic.saed.kent.edu/v3n1/v3n1.05.html>. Retrieved on 2007-09-25
  68. ^ Nick History. Viacom. Retrieved on 2007-09-25.
  69. ^ Franken, Harry (1991). Columbus: The Discovery City. Chatsworth, CA: Windsor Publications, 22. ISBN 0-89781-397-9. 
  70. ^ Online Directory: Ohio, USA. Sister Cities International. Retrieved on 2006-12-03.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Loughborough University is located in the market town of Loughborough, Leicestershire in the East Midlands of England. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The National Weather Service (NWS) is one of the six scientific agencies that make up the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the United States government. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 339th day of the year (340th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 339th day of the year (340th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Sister Cities International is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and fostering town twinning, especially between cities in the United States and cities in other countries. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

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Columbus, Ohio

General: Airport Authority | Climate | Diocese of Columbus | Downtown | Hospitals | Mayor | Metroparks | Columbus, Ohio Metropolitan Area | Neighborhoods The Columbus Regional Airport Authority (CRAA) oversees the operations of Port Columbus International Airport, Rickenbacker International Airport and Bolton Field airports in the Columbus, Ohio area. ... The Roman Catholic Diocese of Columbus (Latin: Dioecesis Columbensis) is a Roman Catholic diocese covering 23 counties in Ohio. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Columbus, Ohio. ... Here is a list of hospitals in the U.S. state of Ohio, sorted by county and name of hospital or medical center: This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... Mayor Michael B. Coleman Michael B. Coleman (b. ... The Metro Parks are a group of 14 metropolitan parks near Columbus, Ohio. ... The Columbus Metropolitan Area is the metropolitan area centered on the American city of Columbus, Ohio. ... There are hundreds of neighborhoods in Columbus, Ohio. ...

Neighborhoods: Arena District | Brewery District | Clintonville | Downtown | Driving Park | German Village | Harrison West | Hilltop | Italian Village | Short North | Ohio State University Area | Olde Towne East | Olentangy | Victorian Village | Westgate
Media: The Columbus Dispatch | WCMH 4 | WSYX 6 | WBNS 10 | WTTE 28 | WOSU 34 | WSFJ 51 | WWHO 53 | Buckeye TV | Ohio News Network
Transportation: Central Ohio Transit Authority (COTA) | Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railway | Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati Railroad | Columbus and Xenia Railroad | Columbus Union Station
Airports: Bolton Field Airport | Don Scott Airport | Port Columbus International Airport | Rickenbacker International Airport
Attractions: Columbus Metropolitan Library | Columbus Museum of Art | Columbus Zoo | COSI | Franklin Park Conservatory | Greater Columbus Convention Center | Jerome Schottenstein Center | LeVeque Tower | Lincoln Theatre | Marble Cliff Quarry Co. | Nationwide Arena | Newport Music Hall | North Market | Ohio Historical Center | Ohio Stadium | Ohio State Capitol Ohio Theatre | One Nationwide Plaza | Palace Theatre | Rhodes State Office Tower | Wexner Center for the Arts
Shopping Malls: Columbus City Center | Easton Town Center | The Mall at Tuttle Crossing | Polaris Fashion Place
Colleges & universities: Capital University | Columbus College of Art and Design | Columbus State Community College Devry University | Franklin University | Ohio Dominican University | Otterbein College | Pontifical College Josephinum | The Ohio State University | Trinity Lutheran Seminary
Counties
Delaware | Fairfield | Franklin
Suburbs
Amlin | Bexley | Brice | Blacklick | Canal Winchester | Delaware | Dublin | Gahanna | Grandview Heights | Grove City | Groveport | Harrisburg | Hilliard | Lewis Center | Lockbourne | Marble Cliff | Marysville | Minerva | New Albany | New Rome | Obetz | Pataskala | Pickerington | Powell | Reynoldsburg | Riverlea | Shawnee Hills | Urbancrest | Unionville Center | Upper Arlington | Valleyview | Westerville | Whitehall | Worthington

  Results from FactBites:
 
Columbus, Ohio (237 words)
Columbus is the largest city in Ohio, capital of the state and seat of Franklin County.
Columbus is situated near the geographical center of Ohio at the junction of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers.
Columbus is at the core of a six-county metropolitan region, encompassing Franklin, Licking, Fairfield, Delaware, Pickaway, and Madison counties and covering a land area of 8138 sq km (3142 sq mi).
Reynoldsburg Pataskala Pickerington & Columbus Ohio Real Estate (4705 words)
Columbus, which is both the capital of Ohio and the county seat of Franklin County, was first laid out in 1812 and incorporated in 1816.
Columbus was not the original capital, but the state legislature chose to move the state government there after its location for a short time at both Chillicothe and Zanesville.
Columbus was chosen as the site for the new capital because of its central location within the state and access by way of major transportation routes (primarily rivers) at that time.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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