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Encyclopedia > Columbiana County, Ohio

Columbiana County is a county located in the state of Ohio. As of 2000, the population is 112,075. Its county seat is Lisbon6 and is named for Christopher Columbus. Originally, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count (in Great Britain, an earl, though the original earldoms covered larger areas) by reason of that office. ... A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states which have membership of the federation known as the United States of America (USA or U.S.). The separate state governments and the U.S. federal government share sovereignty. ... State nickname: The Buckeye State Other U.S. States Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Governor Bob Taft Official languages None Area 116,096 km² (34th)  - Land 106,154 km²  - Water 10,044 km² (8. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A county seat is a town which is the capital of a county. ... Lisbon is a village located in Columbiana County, Ohio. ... Shortcut: {{GR|#}} {{Cite:GR|#}} The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... This is a list of Ohio county name etymologies. ... No authentic contemporary portrait of Columbus has been found; this late 19th-century engraving is one of many conjectural images For information about the director, see the article on Chris Columbus. ...

Contents

1.1 Adjacent counties
Public domain map courtesy of The General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin, modified to show counties. ...

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,386 km² (535 mi²). 1,379 km² (532 mi²) of it is land and 7 km² (3 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.51% water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This article is about the unit of measure. ...


Adjacent counties

Mahoning County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Lawrence County is a county located in the state of Pennsylvania. ... Beaver County is a county located in the state of Pennsylvania. ... Hancock County is a county located in the state of West Virginia. ... Jefferson County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Carroll County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Stark County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ...

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 112,075 people, 42,973 households, and 30,682 families residing in the county. The population density is 81/km² (210/mi²). There are 46,083 housing units at an average density of 33/km² (86/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 96.43% White, 2.20% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 1.17% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Shortcut: {{GR|#}} {{Cite:GR|#}} The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There are 42,973 households out of which 31.70% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.10% are married couples living together, 10.30% have a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% are non-families. 24.80% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.90% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.52 and the average family size is 3.00. Marriage is a relationship and bond, most commonly between a man and a woman, that plays a key role in the definition of many families. ...


In the county the population is spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 38 years. For every 100 females there are 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 96.60 males.


The median income for a household in the county is $34,226, and the median income for a family is $40,486. Males have a median income of $32,134 versus $20,331 for females. The per capita income for the county is $16,655. 11.50% of the population and 9.00% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 16.20% of those under the age of 18 and 8.40% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The per capita income for an area may be defined as the total personal income in an area, divided by the number of people in that area. ... The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Government

Counties in Ohio do not possess home rule powers but can do only what has been expressly authorized by the Ohio General Assembly. Like eighty-six other counties (the exception is Summit), the county has the following elected officials, as provided by statute: Devolution or Home rule is the pooling of powers from central government to government at regional or local level. ... The Ohio General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Ohio. ... Summit County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ...

  • Three county commissioners (the Board of Commissioners): Control budget; approve zoning; approve annexations to cities and villages; set overall policy; oversee departments under their control
  • County auditor: Values property for taxation; issues dog, kennel, and cigarette licenses; issues licenses for retailers for sales tax purposes; inspects scales, pumps, etc., used in commerce to see that they are accurate
  • County clerk of court of common pleas: Keeps filings of lawsuits and orders of the county court of common pleas; records titles for motor vehicles
  • County coroner: Determines causes of death in certain cases; is the only person with the power to arrest the sheriff.
  • County engineer: Maintains county roads and land maps
  • Prosecuting attorney: Prosecutes felonies and is the legal advisor to all other county officials and departments
  • County recorder: Keeps all land records, including deeds, surveys, mortgages, easements, and liens
  • County treasurer: Collects taxes, invests county money, provide financial oversight to municipalities and school districts in the county
  • County sheriff: Chief law enforcement officer, polices areas without local police; runs the county jail; acts as officer of the local courts (transporting prisoners, serving subpoenas, acting as bailiff, etc.)

All of these officials are elected to four-year terms in November of even-numbered years after being nominated in partisan primary elections. One commissioner and the auditor are elected in the same year as the governor in one cycle; the other two commissioners and the other officials are elected in the same year as the president of the United States. The clerk, coroner, prosecutor, recorder, and sheriff begin their terms on the first Monday in January. The auditor's term begins on the second Monday in March. The treasurer's term begins on the first monday in September. The commissioner who is elected with the governor begins his term on January 1. Of the other two seats, one term begins on January 2 and the second on January 3. In general, zoning is the division of an area into sub-areas, called zones. ... Annexation is the legal merging of some territory into another body. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog is a canine carnivorous mammal that has been domesticated for thousands of years. ... The word kennel has several meanings in relation to dogs: The small shed in which a dog is kept; a doghouse. ... A cigarette will burn to ash on one end. ... A sales tax is a tax on consumption. ... A lawsuit is a civil action brought before a court in which the party commencing the action, the plaintiff, seeks a legal remedy, usually for a tort. ... (In the context of property law, title refers to ownership or documents of ownership; see title (property). ... Death is either the cessation of life in a living organism or the state of the organism after that event. ... This page is related to transport; you may be looking for the 2002 Bollywood movie Road. ... Real property is a type of property differentiated from personal property. ... A felony, in many common law legal systems, is the term for a very serious crime; misdemeanors are considered to be less serious. ... Real property is a type of property differentiated from personal property. ... A deed is a legal instrument used to grant a privilege. ... Surveying is concerned with the application of mathematics and physics in obtaining accurate measurements for the determination of the position of points on the Earths surface. ... Wiktionary has a definition of: Mortgage A mortgage (Law French for dead pledge) is a device used to create a lien on real estate by contract. ... An easement is the right of use over the real property of another. ... In law, lien is the broadest term for any sort of charge or encumbrance against an item of property that secures the payment of a debt or performance of some other obligation. ... A tax is an involuntary fee paid by individuals or businesses to a state, or to functional equivalents of a state, including tribes, secessionist movements or revolutionary movements. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... January 2 is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


Any citizen of Ohio and the United States who is eighteen years of age or older and lives in the county may run for commissioner, auditor, treasurer, clerk of courts, or recorder. The other offices have specific additional requirements: candidates for prosecutor must be licensed to practice law; candidates for coroner must be licensed to practice medicine for two years; candidates for engineer must be both licensed surveyors and engineers; and candidates for sheriff must have certain education and supervisory experience in law enforcement.


If a vacancy arises, it is filled by the county central committee of the political party to which the former official belonged, i.e., the Republicans appoint someone to an office held by a Republican and the Democrats to an office held by a Democrat. If an office becomes vacant before the November election in the even-numbered year midway through the term, the appointee must run in a special election for the remainder of the term. If the office becomes vacant after then, the appointment is for the remainder of the term.


The Board of County Commissioners is the combined executive and legislative branch of county government but as their control over the independently elected officials is limited, there is effectively no real executive. However, one of the members of the board is named president of the board. The commissioners receive a full-time salary, but commissioners often have full-time occupations on the side. The board also employs a clerk to record its proceedings.


The board of commissioners often create numerous subordinate departments to handle specific services. These vary from county to county; among the most common are departments for building and zoning, health, economic development, water and sewer service, and emergency management.


There is also a county educational service center (previously known as the county board of education) presided over by a board of education, typically numbering five members, elected to staggered four-year terms in non-partisan elections in odd-numbered years. The center supplies services to the individual school districts in the county and exercises some limited control over the class of school districts known as "local school districts." ("City school districts" and "exempted village school districts" are free from any oversight by the county board.) Counties also have a board of mental retardation and developmental disabilities to educate disabled children. The members of this board are appointed.


Elections are administered in each county by a four-member board of elections which consists of two Republicans and two Democrats appointed by the Ohio Secretary of State at the recommendation of each county party. The board employs a director, who must be of the opposing political party of the chairman of the board of elections, and a deputy director, who must be of the political party of the chairman of the board. The Ohio Secretary of State is responsible for overseeing the elections in the state of Ohio. ...


The county has a court of common pleas, which is the court of first instance for felonies and certain high-value civil cases. All judges in Ohio are elected to six-year terms in non-partisan elections after being nominated in partisan primaries.


See also Ohio county government. The government of Ohios counties is marked by a loose organization and a diffusion of power, the basic framework not having been changed since the Nineteenth century. ...


Municipalities and Townships

Cities

Columbiana is a city located in Columbiana and Mahoning counties in Ohio. ... East Liverpool is a city located in Columbiana County, Ohio. ... East Palestine is a city located in Columbiana County, Ohio, near the border with Pennsylvania. ... Salem is a city located in Columbiana County, Ohio. ...

Villages

Hanoverton is a village located in Columbiana County, Ohio. ... Leetonia is a village located in Columbiana County, Ohio. ... Lisbon is a village located in Columbiana County, Ohio. ... Minerva is a village located in Carroll, Columbiana, and Stark counties in Ohio. ... New Waterford is a village located in Columbiana County, Ohio. ... Rogers is a village located in Columbiana County, Ohio. ... Salineville is a village located in Columbiana and Jefferson counties in Ohio. ... Summitville is a village located in Columbiana County, Ohio. ... Washingtonville is a village located in Columbiana and Mahoning counties in Ohio. ... For other places with this name, see Wellsville. ...

Townships

  • Butler
  • Center
  • Elkrun
  • Fairfield
  • Franklin
  • Hanover
  • Knox
  • Liverpool
  • Madison
  • Middleton
  • Perry
  • Salem
  • St. Clair
  • Unity
  • Washington
  • Wayne
  • West
  • Yellow Creek

Regions of Ohio
Unglaciated Allegheny Plateau | Glaciated Allegheny Plateau | Glacial till plains | Lake Erie | Black Swamp
Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky metropolitan area | Greater Cleveland
Largest Cities
Akron | Cincinnati | Cleveland | Columbus | Dayton | Toledo | Youngstown
Townships and villages
Counties
Adams | Allen | Ashland | Ashtabula | Athens | Auglaize | Belmont | Brown | Butler | Carroll | Champaign | Clark | Clermont | Clinton | Columbiana | Coshocton | Crawford | Cuyahoga | Darke | Defiance | Delaware | Erie County | Fairfield | Fayette | Franklin | Fulton | Gallia | Geauga | Greene | Guernsey | Hamilton | Hancock | Hardin | Harrison | Henry | Highland | Hocking | Holmes | Huron | Jackson | Jefferson | Knox | Lake | Lawrence | Licking | Logan | Lorain | Lucas | Madison | Mahoning | Marion | Medina | Meigs | Mercer | Miami | Monroe | Montgomery | Morgan | Morrow | Muskingum | Noble | Ottawa | Paulding | Perry | Pickaway | Pike | Portage | Preble | Putnam | Richland | Ross | Sandusky | Scioto | Seneca | Shelby | Stark | Summit | Trumbull | Tuscarawas | Union | Van Wert | Vinton | Warren | Washington | Wayne | Williams | Wood | Wyandot | County name origins

  Results from FactBites:
 
Columbiana County, Ohio - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1153 words)
Columbiana County is a county located in the state of Ohio.
In the county the population is spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who are 65 years of age or older.
Elections are administered in each county by a four-member board of elections which consists of two Republicans and two Democrats appointed by the Ohio Secretary of State at the recommendation of each county party.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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