FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > Columbia District

Columbia District was a regional department of the Hudson's Bay Company, and included all of the Columbia River basin, extending as far north as the Thompson River. To the north of it was the New Caledonia fur district, in what is now north-central British Columbia. After 1825, the operations of New Caledonia and Columbia were integrated. The name "Columbia District" is the British equivalent of the American name, "Oregon Country"; they refer to the same area. The Hudsons Bay Company (HBC. TSX: HBC) is the oldest corporation in Canada (and the second oldest in North America) and is one of the oldest in the world still in existence. ... Columbia River Gorge, Washington or North side The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river situated in British Columbia and the Pacific Northwest of the United States. ... The Thompson River is a major tributary of the Fraser River in the south-central portion of British Columbia, Canada. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Official languages none stated in law; English is de facto Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 36 6 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 5th 944,735... Landscape in Oregon Country, by Charles Marion Russell Map of Oregon Country Oregon Country was a region of western North America that originally consisted of the land north of 42°N latitude, south of 54°40N latitude, and west of the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. ...


The district was originally administered from Fort Vancouver on the lower Columbia River. With the signing of the Oregon Treaty in 1846, however, the US-British North America boundary was fixed on the 49th parallel, and the U.S. part became known as the Oregon Territory. The administrative headquarters then shifted to Fort Victoria. In addition to Fort Vancouver, Fort Nez Percé (near present-day Wallula, Washington), Fort Langley, Spokane House, Fort Colville, and Kamloops House were other major trading posts in the district. Fort Vancouver Fort Vancouver was a 19th century fur trading outpost along the Columbia River that served as the headquarters of the Hudsons Bay Company in the Oregon Country. ... The Treaty with Great Britain, in Regard to Limits Westward of the Rocky Mountains (known as the Oregon Treaty or Treaty of Washington) was a bilateral treaty signed between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the United States in 1846, and brought an end to the longstanding... By 1763, British North America included 19 British colonies and territories on the continent of North America. ... The Oregon Territory is the name applied both to the unorganized Oregon Country claimed by both the United States and Britain, as well as to the organized U.S. territory formed from it that existed between 1848 and 1859. ... The arms of Victoria. ... Wallula is a census-designated place located in Walla Walla County, Washington. ... Fort Langley, the birthplace of British Columbia was established as a fort and trading post of the Hudsons Bay Company in 1827. ... Spokane (pronounced spō-CAN ), originally incorporated as Spokan Falls (Spokan without an e at the end and means Children of the Sun), is the county seat of Spokane County in the State of Washington, USA. It is also known as the seat of the Inland Empire. ... Colville is a city located in Stevens County, Washington. ... Locator map for Kamloops, BC Kamloops is a city in central British Columbia, Canada at the confluence of the two branches of the Thompson River. ...


With the creation of the Crown Colony on the British mainland north of the then-Washington Territory in 1858, Queen Victoria chose to use Columbia District as the basis for the name Colony of British Columbia, i.e. the remaining British portion of the former Columbia District. A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... Categories: Historical stubs | Washington history | U.S. historical regions and territories ... Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and Empress of India from 1 January 1877, until her death. ... The Colony of British Columbia was a crown colony of British North America from 1858 until 1871. ...


Historical figures of the Columbia District

David Thompson (April 30, 1770 – February 10, 1857), was an English-Canadian surveyor and explorer. ... John McLoughlin (NSHC statue) Dr. John McLoughlin (pronounced mc-lock-lin, October 19, 1784 – September 3, 1857), the Father of Oregon, was a fur trader and early settler in the Oregon Country in the Pacific Northwest. ... James Douglas Sir James Douglas, K.C.B, ((August 15, 1803 – August 2, 1877), was born of a Scottish father and Creole mother in Demerara. ... For the governor of the Nebraska Territory, see Samuel W. Black Samuel Black ca. ...

External links

  • "Fort Vancouver Cultural Landscape Report" produced by the US National Parks Service.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Washington, D.C. - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5907 words)
The District of Columbia, founded on July 16, 1790, is a federal district as specified by the United States Constitution with limited—and sometimes contentious—local rule.
The population of the District of Columbia, as of 2003 U.S. Census Bureau estimates, is 563,384.
The University of the District of Columbia is the city's public school, and is also a historically fl college and the nation's only urban land-grant university.
HISTORY OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA | NARPAC, Inc. REPRINTS (1635 words)
District residents won the right to vote in a presidential election on March 29, 1961, to elect a board of education in 1968 and, in 1970, to elect a non-voting delegate to the House of Representatives.
In 1980, District voters approved a statehood initiative by a majority of 60 percent; delegates to a statehood constitutional convention were elected in 1981 and, in 1983, a bill for the admission of the state of New Columbia was introduced in Congress.
A seal and motto, "Justitia Omnibus" (Justice for All), are adopted for the District of Columbia.
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