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Encyclopedia > Columbia (disambiguation)
Note: The similar sounding country uses a different spelling--see Colombia.

Columbia is a name used in the English language for many things and places. The name is derived from that of Christopher Columbus. The term "Pre-Columbian" is used for American cultures before the arrival of Columbus and other European explorers.

Image:ColumbiaHerselfSmall.jpg

Columbia, late 19th century
from a Columbia Records phonograph cylinder package

The name "Columbia" is/was a poetic name for the United States of America, which largely fell out of use in the early 20th century.


Columbia was also a female personification of the USA, similar to the male Uncle Sam and the British female Britannia, often seen in political cartoons through the early 20th century (see illustration at right) and still used by Columbia Pictures.


The term Columbian has been occasionally used as an alternative word for American when referring to someone from the United States, but has not entered general use, not least because of its confusing similarity to Colombian.


Things named Columbia include:

Places named "Columbia" include:

There is also the constellation Columba, the dove.


Columbia is also the name of a character in The Rocky Horror Picture Show.


The term Columbia is also used to identify a type of railroad locomotive. In the Whyte notation, a Columbia is a type 2-4-2.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Washington - LoveToKnow Watches (6794 words)
The eastern half of the state is occupied in the north by a westward extension of the Rocky Mountains, and in the centre and south by the north-western portion of the Columbia Plateau province.
The Okanogan Highlands, the Columbia plain, the E. slope of the Cascade Mountains and the S. portion of the Puget Sound Basin are drained b y the Columbia and its tributaries.
In the valleys of rivers which have overflowed their banks and on level bench lands there is considerable silt and vegetable loam mixed with glacial clay; but on the hills and ridges of western Washington the soil is almost wholly a glacial deposit consisting principally of clay but usually containing some sand and gravel.
Columbia - Memory Alpha (991 words)
Columbia (NX-02) was the second Starfleet starship of the NX class in service during the mid-22nd century.
In the year 2151, Columbia was one of three NX class starships still in the planning stages, intended for deep space, long-range exploration (ENT: "Fortunate Son").
In November 2154, Columbia was stuck in dry dock with engine trouble, delaying her launch, and rendering her unable to assist Enterprise during the hunt for the Romulan drone-ship.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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