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Encyclopedia > Columbia, South Carolina
City of Columbia
Skyline of Columbia
Skyline of Columbia
Flag of City of Columbia
Flag
Nickname: "The Capital of Southern Hospitality" (Official), "The Big Friendly"
Location in Richland County in the state of South Carolina
Location in Richland County in the state of South Carolina
Coordinates: 34°00′2″N 81°02′39″W / 34.00056, -81.04417
Country Flag of the United States United States
State Flag of South CarolinaSouth Carolina
Counties Richland County and Lexington County
Government
 - Mayor Bob Coble, (D)
Area
 - City 133.8 sq mi (346.5 km²)
 - Land 131.3 sq mi (340.1 km²)
 - Water 2.5 sq mi (6.4 km²)
Elevation 292 ft (89 m)
Population (2007)
 - City 122,819
 - Density 928.5/sq mi (358.5/km²)
 - Metro 716,030
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 803
FIPS code 45-16000[1]
GNIS feature ID 1245051[2]
Website: http://www.columbiasc.net/


Columbia is the state capital and largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina. The population was 116,278 according to the 2000 census (2007 population estimates put the city at 122,819). Columbia is the county seat of Richland County, but a small portion of the city extends into Lexington County. The city is the center of a steadily growing metro area of 716,030. The city's name comes from a poetic synonym for America, derived from the name of Christopher Columbus. Note: The similar sounding country uses a different spelling--see Colombia. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Flag of Columbia, South Carolina File links The following pages link to this file: Columbia, South Carolina Categories: Flag images ... // A nickname is a name of an entity or thing that is not its proper name. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 547 pixelsFull resolution (1170 × 800 pixel, file size: 88 KB, MIME type: image/png) Made Using US Census Bureau Data. ... Richland County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... This is a list of the counties of South Carolina. ... Richland County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. ... Lexington County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Bob Coble (born 1953) is the current mayor of Columbia, South Carolina. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... This article is about the physical quantity. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern Daylight Time or EDT is equal to: In North America, Eastern Standard Time + 1, or UTC − 4 hours. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area code 803 covers metropolitan Columbia, South Carolina and the sandhills area of South Carolina. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Richland County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. ... Lexington County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas in an equal-area projection The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World, consisting of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator, colonizer, and explorer and one of the first Europeans to explore the Americas after the Vikings. ...


Located just 13 miles (21 km) northwest of South Carolina's geographic center, Columbia is the primary city of the Midlands region of South Carolina, which comprises several counties in the central portion of the state. As such it is centrally located to the rest of the state. Founded in 1786 as the site of South Carolina's new capital city, it was one of the first planned cities in the United States. The area is often cited for its high quality of life offerings, with its many cultural amenities, parks, and recreational features. At the confluence of two major rivers, Columbia is one of the best destinations in the country for kayak and canoe enthusiasts. It is also known for its large number of independent theater groups. Columbia was recently one of 30 communities named "America's Most Livable Communities." The award was given by the Washington-based non-profit Partners for Livable Communities and honors communities that are developing themselves in the creative economy. Columbia has also been named a top midsized market for relocating families in the nation.[3] Increasingly, Columbia is becoming recognized as an ideal city for retirees. Where to Retire magazine listed Columbia as one of its 25 best choices for retirement as a "budget town" in its January/February 2007 edition [4] . A RetireHomeSmart.com[5] survey of retirement cities lists Columbia as America's second best retirement city.[6] The Midlands roughly refers to an area in the middle of South_Carolina, including but not limited to: Calhoun, Fairfield, Kershaw, Lexington, Orangeburg, Richland and Sumter counties. ... This is a list of planned cities (sometimes known as planned communities or new towns) by country. ... Look up kayak in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the boat. ... Quality of life is the degree of well-being felt by an individual or group of people. ... ...

Contents

History

Early history

From the Creation of Columbia by the South Carolina General Assembly in 1786, the site of Columbia was important to the overall development of the state. The Congarees, a frontier fort on the west bank of the Congaree River, was the head of navigation in the Santee River system. A ferry was established by the colonial government in 1754 to connect the fort with the growing settlements on the higher ground on the east bank. The South Carolina General Assembly, also called the South Carolina Legislature, is the legislative branch of South Carolina and consists of the South Carolina House of Representatives and the South Carolina Senate. ... Congaree River at the fall line, Columbia, South Carolina The Congaree River is a short but wide river in South Carolina in the United States. ... The Santee River is a river in South Carolina in the United States, approximately 143 mi (230 km long). ...


Like many other significant early settlements in colonial America, Columbia is on the fall line from the Appalachian Mountains. The fall line is the spot where rivers usually become unnavigable when sailing upstream, and is also the spot farthest downstream where falling water can usefully power a mill. The fall line has meanings in both geographical features and the sport of alpine skiing. ... The Appalachian Mountains are a vast system of mountains in eastern North America. ...


State Senator John Lewis Gervais of Ninety Six introduced a bill that was approved by the legislature on March 22, 1786 to create a new state capital. There was considerable argument over the name for the new city. According to published accounts, Senator Gervais said he hoped that "in this town we should find refuge under the wings of COLUMBIA," for that was the name which he wished it to be called. One legislator insisted on the name Washington, but Columbia won out by a vote of 11-7 in the state senate. John Lewis Gervais (1741-1798) was an American planter and statesman from South Carolina. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


The site was chosen as the new state capital in 1786, due to its central location in the state. The State Legislature first met there in 1790. After remaining under the direct government of the legislature for the first two decades of its existence, Columbia was incorporated as a village in 1805 and then as a city in 1854.

Columbia Canal Spillway at Riverfront Park
Columbia Canal Spillway at Riverfront Park

Columbia received a large stimulus to development when it was connected in a direct water route to Charleston, by the Santee Canal. This canal connected the Santee and Cooper Rivers in a 22-mile (35 km) section. It was first chartered in 1786 and completed in 1800, making it one of the earliest canals in the United States. With increased railroad traffic, it ceased operation around 1850. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Nickname: Motto: Aedes Mores Juraque Curat (She cares for her temples, customs, and rights) Location of Charleston in South Carolina. ... The Santee Canal was one of the earliest canals built in the United States, being built to provide a direct water route between Charleston and Columbia, the new state capital by linking the Cooper River near Charleston, with the Santee River, which receives the Congaree River, where Columbia was established...


The commissioners designed a town of 400 blocks in a two-mile (3 km) square along the river. The blocks were divided into half-acre lots and sold to speculators and prospective residents. Buyers had to build a house at least 30 feet (9.1 m) long and 18 feet (5.5 m) wide within three years or face an annual 5% penalty. The perimeter streets and two through streets were 150 feet (46 m) wide. The remaining squares were divided by thoroughfares 100 feet (30 m) wide. The width was determined by the belief that dangerous and pesky mosquitoes could not fly more than 60 feet (18 m) without dying of starvation along the way. Columbians still enjoy most of the magnificent network of wide streets. For other uses, see Mosquito (disambiguation). ...


The commissioners comprised the local government until 1797 when a Commission of Streets and Markets was created by the General Assembly. Three main issues occupied most of their time: public drunkenness, gambling, and poor sanitation.


As one of the first planned cities in the United States, Columbia began to grow rapidly. Its population was nearing 1,000 shortly after the turn of the century.


Nineteenth century

Ruins, as seen from the State House, 1865
Ruins, as seen from the State House, 1865

In 1801, South Carolina College (now known as the University of South Carolina) was founded in Columbia. The city was chosen as the site of the institution in part to unite the state's citizens in the upcountry and the lowcountry. Also, the leaders of South Carolina wished to personally monitor the progress and development of the school. For many years after its founding, commencement exercises were held in December while the state legislature was in session. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1534x1000, 383 KB)Ruins seen from the capitol, Columbia, South Carolina, 1865. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1534x1000, 383 KB)Ruins seen from the capitol, Columbia, South Carolina, 1865. ... Ruins, as seen from the State House, 1865 The Southern United States city of Columbia, South Carolina, was an important political and supply center for the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. ... The University of South Carolina (also referred to as USC, SC, or Carolina) is a public, co-educational, research university located in Columbia, South Carolina, United States. ...


Columbia received its first charter as a town in 1805. An intendant and six wardens would govern the town. John Taylor was the first elected intendant. He later served in both houses of the General Assembly, both houses of Congress and eventually as governor of the state. By 1816, there were 250 homes in the town and a population over 1,000.


Columbia became chartered as a city in 1854, with an elected mayor and six aldermen. Two years later, they had a police force consisting of a full-time chief and nine patrolmen. The city continued to grow at a rapid pace, as throughout the 1850s and 1860s Columbia was the largest inland city in the Carolinas. Railroad transportation served as a significant cause of population expansion in Columbia during this time. Rail lines that reached the city in the 1840s were first and foremost interested in transporting cotton bales, not passengers. Cotton was the lifeblood of the Columbia community, as in 1850, directly or indirectly, virtually all of the city's commercial and economic activity was related to cotton. The Carolinas is a term used in the United States to refer collectively to the states of North and South Carolina. ... Mareep , Merriep in original Japanese language versions) are one of the 493 fictional species of Pokémon creatures from the multi-billion-dollar[1] Pokémon media franchise – a collection of video games, anime, manga, books, trading cards and other media created by Satoshi Tajiri. ...


Columbia's First Baptist Church hosted the South Carolina Secession Convention on December 17, 1860. The delegates drafted a resolution in favor of secession without dissent, 159-0. Columbia's location made it an ideal location for other conventions and meetings within the Confederacy. During the Civil War, bankers, railroad executives, teachers, and theologians from several states met in the city from time to time to discuss certain matters. December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Motto: Deo Vindice (Latin: With God As Our Vindicator) Anthem: God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans February 4, 1861–May 1... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...


On February 17, 1865, during the Civil War, much of Columbia was destroyed by fire while being occupied by Union troops under the command of General William Tecumseh Sherman. Legend has it, Columbia's First Baptist Church missed by a hair from being torched by Sherman's troops. As the story goes, the soldiers marched up to the church and asked the grounds keeper if he could direct them to the location of the church where the declaration of secession was signed. The loyal grounds keeper directed the men to another church, a Methodist church, located nearby; thus, the historic landmark avoided being destroyed by Union soldiers. is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1865 (MDCCLXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... General Sherman redirects here. ...


Controversy surrounding the burning of the city started soon after the war ended. General Sherman blamed the high winds and retreating Confederate soldiers for firing bales of cotton, which had been stacked in the streets. General Sherman denied ordering the burning, though he did order militarily significant structures, such as the Confederate Printing Plant, destroyed. Firsthand accounts by local residents, Union soldiers, and a newspaper reporter offer a tale of revenge by Union troops for Columbia's and South Carolina's pivotal role in leading Southern states to secede from the Union, whereas other accounts (as documented in, for example, James W. Loewen's Lies Across America: What Our Historic Sites Get Wrong) portray it as mostly the fault of the Confederacy. Today, tourists can follow the path General Sherman's army took to enter the city and see structures or remnants of structures that survived the fire. Animated map of secession, Civil War and re-admission:  States of the Union  Territories of the Union (including occupied territory)  States of the Confederacy  Territories claimed by Confederacy During the American Civil War, the Union was a name used to refer to the twenty-three states of the United States... James (Jim) W. Loewen PhD is an author, historian, and professor. ...


During Reconstruction, Columbia became the focus of considerable attention. Reporters, journalists, travelers, and tourists flocked to South Carolina's capital city to witness a Southern state legislature whose members included ex-slaves. The city also made somewhat of a rebound following the devastating fire of 1865; a mild construction boom took place within the first few years of Reconstruction, and repair of railroad tracks in outlying areas created jobs for area citizens.

Historic photo from the steps of the SC Statehouse, early 20th century
Historic photo from the steps of the SC Statehouse, early 20th century

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (900x250, 47 KB) Summary Author: unknown Source URL: http://webzoom. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (900x250, 47 KB) Summary Author: unknown Source URL: http://webzoom. ...

Twentieth century

The first few years of the 20th century saw Columbia emerge as a regional textile manufacturing center. In 1907, Columbia had six mills in operation: Richland, Granby, Olympia Mills, Capital City, Columbia, and Palmetto. Combined, they employed over 3,400 workers with an annual payroll of $819,000, giving the Midlands an economic boost of over $4.8 million.


Columbia had no paved streets until 1908, when 17 blocks of Main Street were surfaced. There were, however, 115 publicly maintained street crossings at intersections to keep pedestrians from having to wade through a sea of mud between wooden sidewalks. As an experiment, Washington Street was once paved with wooden blocks. This proved to be the source of much local amusement when they buckled and floated away during heavy rains. The blocks were replaced with asphalt paving in 1925.


The years 1911-1912 were something of a construction boom for Columbia, with $2.5 million worth of construction occurring in the city. These projects included the Union Bank Building at Main and Gervais, the Palmetto National Bank, a shopping arcade, and large hotels at Main and Laurel (the Jefferson) and at Main and Wheat (the Gresham).


In 1917, the city was selected as the site of Camp Jackson, a U.S. military installation which was officially classified as a "Field Artillery Replacement Depot." The first recruits arrived at the camp on September 1, 1917. is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ...


In 1930, Columbia was the hub of a trading area with approximately 500,000 potential customers. It had 803 retail establishments, 280 of them being food stores. There were also 58 clothing and apparel outlets, 57 restaurants and lunch rooms, 55 filling stations, 38 pharmacies, 20 furniture stores, 19 auto dealers, 11 shoe stores, nine cigar stands, five department stores, and one book store. Wholesale distributors located within the city numbered 119, with one-third of them dealing in food.


In 1934, the federal courthouse at the corner of Main and Laurel streets was purchased by the city for use as City Hall. Built of granite from nearby Winnsboro, Columbia City Hall is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Designed by Alfred Bult Millet, President Ulysses S. Grant's Federal architect, the building was completed in 1876. Millet, best known for his design of the Executive Office Building in Washington, D.C., had originally designed the building with a clock tower. Large cost overruns probably caused it to be left out. Copies of Mullet's original drawings can be seen on the walls of City Hall alongside historic photos of Columbia's beginnings. Winnsboro is a town located in Fairfield County, South Carolina. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... Ulysses S. Grant,[2] born Hiram Ulysses Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885), was an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869–1877). ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ...


Reactivated Camp Jackson became Fort Jackson in 1940, giving the military installation the permanence desired by city leaders at the time. The fort was annexed into the city in the fall of 1968, with approval from the Pentagon. Fort Jackson is a United States Army Basic Combat Training (BCT) base located in South Carolina. ... This article is about the United States military building. ...


In the early 1940s, shortly after the attacks on Pearl Harbor which began America's involvement in World War II, Lt. Colonel Jimmy Doolittle and his group of now-famous pilots began training for the Doolittle Raid over Tokyo at what is now Columbia Metropolitan Airport.[3] They trained in B-25 Mitchell bombers, the same model as the plane that now rests at Columbia's Owens Field in the Curtiss-Wright hangar.[7] Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... General James Harold Jimmy Doolittle, Sc. ... Combatants  United States  Japan Commanders James H. Doolittle Hideki Tojo Strength 16 B-25 Mitchells Unknown number of troops and homeland defense Casualties 3 dead, 8 POWs (4 died in captivity); 5 interned in USSR all 16 B-25s About 50 dead, 400 injured Lt. ... Columbia Metropolitan Airport (IATA: CAE, ICAO: KCAE) is the main airport for Columbia, South Carolina, located in the suburb of West Columbia. ... The North American B-25 Mitchell (NA-62) was an American twin-engined medium bomber manufactured by North American Aviation. ... The Curtiss-Wright Corporation was once a leading aircraft manufacturer of the United States, but has since become a component manufacturer, specializing in actuators, controls, valves, and metal treatment. ...


The 1940s saw the beginning of efforts to reverse Jim Crow laws and racial discrimination in Columbia. In 1945, a federal judge ruled that the city's black teachers were entitled to equal pay to that of their white counterparts. However, in years following, the state attempted to strip many blacks of their teaching credentials. Other issues in which the blacks of the city sought equality concerned voting rights and segregation (particularly regarding public schools). On August 21, 1962, eight downtown chain stores served blacks at their lunch counters for the first time. The University of South Carolina admitted its first black students in 1963; around the same time, many vestiges of segregation began to disappear from the city, blacks attained membership on various municipal boards and commissions, and a non-discriminatory hiring policy was adopted by the city. These and other such signs of racial progression helped earn the city the 1964 All-America City Award for the second time (the first being in 1951) and a 1965 article in Newsweek magazine lauded Columbia as a city that had "liberated itself from the plague of doctrinal apartheid." Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Gay bashing Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity Counter-discriminatory Affirmative action Racial... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of South Carolina (also referred to as USC, SC, or Carolina) is a public, co-educational, research university located in Columbia, South Carolina, United States. ... All-America City Program Logo The All-America City Award is given by the National Civic League annually to ten cities in the United States. ... The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ...


The area's population continued to grow during the 1950s, having experienced a 40% increase from 186,844 to 260,828, with 97,433 people residing within the city limits of Columbia.


Historic preservation has played a significant part into shaping Columbia into the city that it is today. The historic Robert Mills House was restored in 1967, which inspired the renovation and restoration of other historic structures such as the Hampton-Preston House and homes associated with President Woodrow Wilson, Maxcy Gregg, Mary Boykin Chestnut, and noted free black Celia Mann. In the early 1970s, the University of South Carolina initiated the refurbishment of its "Horseshoe." Several area museums also benefited from the increased historical interest of that time, among them the Fort Jackson Museum, the McKissick Museum on the campus of the University of South Carolina, and most notably the South Carolina State Museum, which opened in 1988. Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856—February 3, 1924), was the twenty-eighth President of the United States. ... Brigadier General Maxcy Gregg Maxcy Gregg (August 1, 1814 - December 15, 1862) was a lawyer, and Confederate Brigadier General during the American Civil War. ... South Carolina State Museum Columbia, South Carolina The South Carolina State Museum, located in Columbia, South Carolina, is the largest museum in the Southeastern United States. ...


Mayor Kirkman Finlay, Jr. was the driving force behind the refurbishment of Seaboard Park, now known as Finlay Park, in the historic Congaree Vista district, as well as the compilation of the $60 million Palmetto Center package, which gave Columbia a distinctive office tower, parking garage, and the Columbia Marriott which opened in 1983. The skyline of Columbia, South Carolina, as seen from Finlay Park. ...


The year 1980 saw the Columbia metropolitan population reach 410,088 and in 1990 this figure had hit approximately 470,000. The city continues to focus on improving the great quality of life of its citizens and further diversifying the local economy, which will continue to bring growth and vitality for many years to come.


Recent history

The 1990s and early 2000s also saw revitalization in the downtown area. The Congaree Vista district along Gervais Street, once known as a warehouse district, became a thriving district of art galleries, shops, and restaurants. The Colonial Center (formerly known as the Carolina Center) opened in 2002, and brought several big-named concerts and shows to Columbia. The Columbia Metropolitan Convention Center opened in 2004, and a new convention center hotel opened in September 2007. Several residential developments are also in the works for the Vista. The Colonial Center is a multi-purpose arena in Columbia, South Carolina, primarily home to the University of South Carolina mens and womens basketball teams. ...


Some have suggested the redevelopment efforts by the city have not been universally well received and have not brought the numbers of people back downtown as expected; however, in recent years, thanks to aggressive renovation and construction efforts by the private sector, increasing numbers are moving downtown. Several notable historic downtown Columbia buildings have been converted into apartments and condos, while other downtown offerings are housed in entirely new buildings.


Geography and Climate

Skyline as seen from the junction of Interstates 77 and 26

Columbia is located at 34°1'1" North, 81°0'38" West (34.017105, -81.010759) 1. Autumn, winter and spring are mild, with occasional winter nights below freezing but rarely extended cold. The city is at its most beautiful in the spring when masses of azaleas and other spring flowers bloom. Columbia's summers can be very hot, being primarily recognized for their extreme humidity. The city, like other cities of the southeast, is prone to Inversions, which trap ozone and other pollutants over the area. One of Columbia's most interesting geographical features is its fall line, which is a boundary between an upland region and a coastal plain across which rivers from the upland region drop to the plain as falls or rapids. Columbia grew up at the fall line of the Congaree River, which is formed by the convergence of the Broad River and the Saluda River. The Congaree was the farthest inland point of river navigation. The energy of falling water also powered Columbia's early mills. The city has capitalized on this scenic location which includes three rivers by recently christening itself "The Columbia Riverbanks Region." Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1152x864, 168 KB) Author: Matt Tischler; used with permission Source URL: http://webzoom. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1152x864, 168 KB) Author: Matt Tischler; used with permission Source URL: http://webzoom. ... For other uses, see Skyline (disambiguation). ... A typical rural stretch of Interstate highway, with two lanes in each direction separated by a large grassy median, and with cross-traffic limited to overpasses and underpasses. ... Azaleas are flowering shrubs making up part of the genus Rhododendron. ... Smoke rising in Lochcarron is stopped by an overlying layer of warmer air. ... The fall line has meanings in both geographical features and the sport of alpine skiing. ... Congaree River at the fall line, Columbia, South Carolina The Congaree River is a short but wide river in South Carolina in the United States. ... The Broad River is a tidal channel, in Beaufort and Jasper County, South Carolina. ... // The Saluda River is a principal tributary of the Congaree River, about 200 mi (320 km) long, in northern and western South Carolina in the United States. ... Lancashire cotton mill, 1914 A cotton mill is a factory housing spinning and weaving machinery. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 127.7 square miles (330.8 km²), of which, 125.2 square miles (324.3 km²) of it is land and 2.5 square miles (6.4 km²) of it is water. The total area is 1.95% water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ...

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F (°C) 84 (28.8) 84 (28.8) 91 (32.7) 94 (34.4) 101 (38.3) 107 (41.6) 107 (41.6) 107 (41.6) 101 (38.3) 101 (38.3) 90 (32.2) 83 (28.3)
Norm High °F (°C) 55.1 (12.8) 59.5 (15.3) 67.4 (19.6) 75.7 (24.3) 83.1 (28.4) 89.1 (31.7) 92.1 (33.4) 90 (32.2) 84.8 (29.3) 75.8 (24.3) 66.7 (19.3) 57.8 (14.3)
Norm Low °F (°C) 34 (1.1) 36.3 (2.4) 43.5 (6.4) 50.7 (10.4) 60 (15.5) 67.9 (19.9) 71.8 (22.1) 70.6 (21.4) 64.6 (18.1) 51.5 (10.8) 42.6 (5.8) 36.1 (2.3)
Rec Low °F (°C) -1 (-18.3) 5 (-15) 4 (-15.5) 26 (-3.3) 34 (1.1) 44 (6.6) 54 (12.2) 53 (11.6) 40 (4.4) 23 (-5) 12 (-11.1) 4 (-15.5)
Precip in. (mm) 4.66 (118.4) 3.84 (975.4) 4.59 (116.6) 2.98 (75.7) 3.17 (80.5) 4.99 (101.3) 5.54 (140.7) 5.41 (137.4) 3.94 (100.1) 2.89 (73.4) 2.88 (73.1) 3.38 (85.8)
Source: USTravelWeather.com [4]

Metropolitan area

Main article: Columbia, South Carolina metropolitan area

The metropolitan statistical area of Columbia has a population estimate of 716,030, according to the 2007 estimates performed by the U.S. Census Bureau. In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ...


In Census 2000, the population for the then two-county metropolitan area (Richland and Lexington) was 536,691, of which about 78% was within the Columbia urbanized area proper (2000 pop.: 420,537). In June 2003, the United States Census Bureau added four more counties — Fairfield, Calhoun, Kershaw, and Saluda — to Columbia's standard metropolitan statistical area, giving its total population a significant boost. It now ranks as the largest in South Carolina.


Further, the Columbia metropolitan area with the Newberry micropolitan area forms the Columbia–Newberry Combined Statistical Area which has 753,663 people from 2007 census estimates. Newberry is a town in Newberry County, South Carolina, 43 miles (69 km) west -northwest of Columbia. ... United States micropolitan areas, as defined by the Census Bureau and the Office of Management and Budget, are areas in the United States based around a core city or town with a population of 10,000 to 49,999. ... The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines micropolitan and metropolitan statistical areas. ...


Columbia's metropolitan counties include:

Columbia's largest suburbs and environs presently are: Richland County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. ... Lexington County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Fairfield County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. ... Calhoun County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Kershaw County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Saluda County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ...

St. ... Seven Oaks is a census-designated place located in Lexington County, South Carolina. ... Lexington is a town in Lexington County, South Carolina, United States. ... Dentsville is a census-designated place located in Richland County, South Carolina. ... West Columbia is a city located in Lexington County, South Carolina. ... Cayce is a city located in Lexington County, South Carolina, along the Congaree River. ... Irmo is a small town or municipality located 12 miles outside of Columbia, South Carolina. ... Forest Acres is a city located in Richland County, South Carolina. ... Woodfield is a census-designated place located in Richland County, South Carolina. ... Red Bank is a census-designated place located in Lexington County, South Carolina. ... Oak Grove is a census-designated place located in Lexington County, South Carolina. ... Camden is a city in Kershaw County, South Carolina, United States. ... Lugoff is a census-designated place located in Kershaw County, South Carolina. ...

Military Bases

Fort Jackson is the US Army's largest training base. Fort Jackson is a United States Army Basic Combat Training (BCT) base located in South Carolina. ...

Under command of the South Carolina Air National Guard. McEntire Joint National Guard Station (JNGS) is affiliated with the South Carolina Air National Guard (SCANG). ...


Infrastructure

Municipal government and politics

The city of Columbia has a council-manager form of government. The mayor and city council are elected every four years, with no term limits, elections are held in the Spring of even numbered years. Unlike other mayors in council-manager systems, Columbia mayor has the power to veto ordinances passed by the council; vetoes can be overridden by a two-thirds majority of the council. The council-manager government is one of 2 main variations of representative municipal government (for contrast, also see Mayor-Council government). ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... This article is about constitutional law; for the book by Vince Flynn see Term Limits (novel). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A local ordinance is a law usually found in a municipal code. ...

Columbia City Hall
Columbia City Hall

The council appoints a city manager to serve as chief administrative officer. Charles P. Austin, Sr is the current city manager. The council-manager government is one of 2 main variations of representative municipal government (for contrast, also see Mayor-Council government). ...


The current mayor of Columbia is Bob Coble. Coble has served as mayor since his election in 1990 .Coble, was elected to his fifth term as mayor on April 4, 2006; and is the city's longest serving mayor. Columbia holds elections for mayor every four years, with the next election in 2010; there are no term limits. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Bob Coble (born 1953) is the current mayor of Columbia, South Carolina. ... This article is about constitutional law; for the book by Vince Flynn see Term Limits (novel). ...


The city council consists of 6 members (4 from districts and 2 at-large). While the city council is responsible for making policies and enacting laws, rules and regulations in order to provide for future community and economic growth. Additionally, the council provides the necessary support for the orderly and efficient operation of city services.
At-Large Bloc voting (or block voting) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single multimember constituency. ...

  • Tameika Isaac Devine
  • Daniel J. Rickenmann

Districts

  • 1: Sam Davis
  • 2: E.W. Cromartie II
  • 3: Anne M. Sinclair
  • 4: Kirkman Finlay III

See related article Past mayors of Columbia, South Carolina Mayors of Columbia, South Carolina from 1806-present: Edward J. Arthur (1855-1857) James D. Tradewell (1857-1859) Allen J. Green (1859-1861) John H. Boatwright (1861-1863) Thomas J. Goodwyn (1863-1865) James C. Gibbes (May 1865-April 1866) Theodore Stark (April 1866-July 1868) Francis L. Guenther (July...


Education

Colleges and universities

Columbia is home to the main campus of the University of South Carolina, which was chartered in 1801 as South Carolina College and in 1906 as the University of South Carolina. The university has 350 degree programs and enrolls more than 27,500 students throughout 15 degree-granting colleges and schools. It is an urban university, located in downtown Columbia. The University of South Carolina (also referred to as USC, SC, or Carolina) is a public, co-educational, research university located in Columbia, South Carolina, United States. ...

The Horseshoe at USC
The Horseshoe at USC

The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching has designated the university a research institution of "very high research activity".[8] The school also has a world-renowned international business program, ranking No. 1 in the nation for its undergraduate international business program and No. 2 for its graduate international business program in the 2006 U.S. News & World Report college and graduate school guides. University of South Carolina's University 101 program is also frequently cited by U.S. News & World Report as one of the top programs of its kind in the nation. The university is also home to the nation’s first National Science Foundation Industry/University Cooperative Research Center for Fuel Cells. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1910 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1910 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Carnagie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching was founded by Andrew Carnegie in 1905 and chartered in 1906 by an Act of Congress. ... U.S. News & World Report is a weekly newsmagazine. ... The logo of the National Science Foundation The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering. ...


As part of a new initiative geared towards making University of South Carolina a world-class research and technology school, the university is building Innovista, a unique new "innovation district" located between the campus' core and the banks of the Congaree River. Innovista is a standard-setting environment that draws its vibrancy from integrating public and private sector research and researchers with retail, restaurant, residential, and recreational facilities contained within a contemporary urban landscape.


Columbia is also home to:

  • Allen University - Allen University was founded in 1870 by the African Methodist Episcopal Church. It has a distinguished history and is widely recognized for its development of African-Americans who have made significant achievements and contributions in varied areas of specialization, nationally and internationally.
  • Benedict College - Founded in 1870, Benedict is an independent co-educational college. Benedict is one of the fastest growing of the 39 United Negro College Fund schools. In addition to an increase in enrollment, Benedict has also seen an increase in average SAT scores, Honors College enrollee rates, capital giving dollars, and the number of research grants awarded. Recently, Benedict has been subject to a series of recent controversies, including basing up to 60% of grades solely on effort,[9] which have nearly resulted in its losing its accreditation. However, in recent months the college has improved its financial standing and is seeking to boost its enrollment.
  • Columbia College - Founded in 1854, Columbia College is a private, four-year, liberal arts college for women with a coeducational Evening College and Graduate School. The College has been ranked since 1994 by U.S. News & World Report as one of the top ten regional liberal arts colleges in the South.
  • Columbia International University - Columbia International University is a biblically-based, private Christian institution committed to "preparing men and women to know Christ and to make Him known". Founded in 1923, CIU is recognized as having one of the leading ministry training programs in the world[citation needed].
  • Lutheran Theological Southern Seminary - This institution, founded in 1830, is a seminary of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. One of the oldest Lutheran seminaries in North America, Southern is a fully accredited graduate school of theology preparing women and men for the ordained and lay ministries of the church. The wooded 17 acre campus is situated atop Seminary Ridge in Columbia, highest point in the Midlands area, near the center of South Carolina's capital city.
  • Midlands Technical College - Midlands Tech is part of the South Carolina Technical College System. It is a two-year, comprehensive, public, community college, offering a wide variety of programs in career education, four-year college-transfer options, and continuing education. Small classes, individualized instruction, and student support services are provided. Most of the college's teaching faculty holds master's or doctoral degrees.

Columbia is also the site of several extension campuses, including those for South University and University of Phoenix. Allen University was founded in 1870 as Payne Institute, dedicated to providing education to freed African-American slaves. ... The African Methodist Episcopal Church, usually called the AME Church, is a Christian denomination founded by Bishop Richard Allen in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1816. ... Benedict College is an historically African-American liberal arts college located in Columbia, South Carolina. ... United Negro College Fund logo The United Negro College Fund (UNCF) is a Fairfax, Virginia-based American philanthropic organization that fundraises college tuition money for African-American students and general scholarship funds for 39 historically black colleges and universities. ... Look up accreditation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Columbia College is a private liberal arts college for women in Columbia, South Carolina. ... U.S. News & World Report is a weekly newsmagazine. ... Columbia Bible College redirects here. ... Lutheran Theological Southern Seminary (LTSS), located in Columbia, SC, is a theological seminary of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America offering first and second professional theological degrees. ... The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) is a mainline Protestant denomination headquartered in Chicago, Illinois. ... South University is a small private university located in Savannah, Georgia. ... University of Phoenix (UOP) is a for-profit educational institution specializing in adult education, with campuses located throughout the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Puerto Rico. ...


Private schools

  • Ben Lippen School
  • Bethel Learning Centers
  • Cardinal Newman High School
  • Central Carolina Christian Academy
  • Columbia Jewish Day School
  • Covenant Christian School
  • Glenforest School

Grace Christian School

  • Harmony School
  • Heathwood Hall
  • Hammond School
  • Islamic Academy of Columbia
  • Palmetto Baptist Academy
  • Sandhills School
  • Saint John Neumann Catholic School
  • Saint Joseph Catholic School
  • Saint Martin de Porres Catholic School
  • Saint Peter's Catholic School
  • Timmerman School
  • V.V. Reid Elementary

Heathwood Hall is a private school in Columbia, South Carolina. ...

Public schools

Richland County School District One (abbreviated RCSD One or Richland One), South Carolina’s fifth-largest school district, serves a diverse population of more than 25,000 students from urban, suburban and rural communities in the capital city of Columbia, South Carolina. ... Richland County School District Two (abbreviated RCSD Two) Richland County School District Two is a nationally recognized school district located in suburban Columbia, South Carolina, in the northeast section of Richland County. ... School District Five of Lexington and Richland Counties (abbreviated Disctrict Five) The District Five encompasses a land area of approximately 196 square miles, approximately one-half of which is situated in each of Lexington and Richland Counties. ...

Health Systems

The Sisters of Charity Providence Hospitals is sponsored by the Sisters of Charity of Saint Augustine (CSA) Health System. The non-profit organization is licensed for 304 beds and comprises four entities: Providence Hospital, Providence Heart Institute, Providence Hospital Northeast and Providence Orthopaedic & NeuroSpine Institute. Providence Hospital, located in downtown Columbia, was founded by the Sisters of Charity of Saint Augustine in 1938. The facility offers cardiac care through Providence Heart Institute, which is considered a quality cardiac center in South Carolina. Providence Hospital Northeast is a 46-bed community hospital established in 1999 that offers a range of medical services in surgery, emergency care, women's and children's services and rehabilitation. Providence Northeast is home to Providence Orthopaedic & NeuroSpine Institute, which provides medical and surgical treatment of diseases and injuries of the bones, joints, and spine.


Palmetto Health is a South Carolina nonprofit public benefit corporation consisting of Palmetto Health Richland and Palmetto Health Baptist hospitals in Columbia. Palmetto Health provides health care for nearly 70% of the residents of Richland County and almost 55% of the health care for both Richland and Lexington counties. Palmetto Health Baptist recently underwent a $40 million multi-phase modernization which included 37,000 square feet (3,400 m²) of new construction and 81,000 square feet (7,500 m²) of renovations. The extensive health system also operates Palmetto Health Children's Hospital and Palmetto Health Heart Hospital, the state's first freestanding hospital dedicated solely to heart care, which opened in January 2006. The Palmetto Health South Carolina Cancer Center offers patient services at the Palmetto Health Baptist and Palmetto Health Richland campuses; both are recognized by the American College of Surgeons Commission on Cancer as a Network Cancer Program. Palmetto Health Richland (formerly Richland Memorial Hospital) ia a 649 bed tertiary care center located just north of Downtown Columbia, South Carolina. ... Palmetto Health Richland (formerly Richland Memorial Hospital) ia a 649 bed tertiary care center located just north of Downtown Columbia, South Carolina. ...


The Wm. Jennings Bryan Dorn VA Medical Center is a 216-bed facility, encompassing acute medical, surgical, psychiatric, and long-term care. The hospital provides primary, secondary, and some tertiary care. An affiliation is held with the University of South Carolina School of Medicine, located on the hospital grounds. A sharing agreement is in place with Moncrief Army Community Hospital at Fort Jackson and Shaw Air Force Base in Sumter, SC. F-16CJ Fighting Falcon taking off from Shaw AFB as part of enforcing the northern no fly zone in Iraq. ... Sumter is a city located in Sumter County, South Carolina. ...


Transportation

The city and its surroundings are served by Columbia Metropolitan Airport (IATA:CAE; ICAO:KCAE). The airport itself is serviced by American Eagle, Continental, DayJet, Delta, Northwest, United, Spirit Airlines, and US Airways airlines and is the fourth busiest airport in South Carolina, following Charleston, Greenville/Spartanburg and Myrtle Beach. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Columbia Metropolitan Airport (IATA: CAE, ICAO: KCAE) is the main airport for Columbia, South Carolina, located in the suburb of West Columbia. ... Columbia Metropolitan Airport (IATA: CAE, ICAO: KCAE) is the main airport for Columbia, South Carolina, located in the suburb of West Columbia. ... The International Air Transport Association is an international trade organization of airlines headquarted in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), an agency of the United Nations, develops the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. ... American Eagle Airlines is a regional airline based in Fort Worth, Texas[1]. It is a airline partner of American Airlines[2] (both wholly owned by the AMR Corporation holding company), operating over 1,800 flights a day, serving 159 cities across the USA, Canada, Mexico and the Caribbean[3... Continental Airlines (NYSE: CAL) is a U.S. certificated air carrier. ... DayJet is a startup that intends to provide air taxi service in Florida using a fleet of Eclipse 500s. ... Delta Air Lines, Inc. ... Northwest Airlines, Inc. ... United Airlines is a major airline of the United States. ... Spirit Airlines is a United States low-cost airline operating nationwide scheduled and charter flights. ... US Airways is a low-cost carrier[2][3] owned by US Airways Group, Inc. ... Myrtle Beach is a city located in Horry County, South Carolina. ...


Columbia benefits from an excellent interstate highway system, with three interstates— I-26, I-77, and I-20— forming an outer loop around the city. Other major highways include I-126, U.S. 1, U.S. 21, U.S. 176, U.S. 321, U.S. 378, and S.C. Highway 277. Interstate Highways in the lower 48 states. ... Interstate 26 is an interstate highway in the southeastern United States. ... Interstate 77 is an interstate highway in the eastern United States. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Interstate 126 (abbreviated I-126) is a spur route of Interstate 26, near Columbia, South Carolina. ... United States Highway 1 is a United States highway which parallels the east coast of the United States. ... U.S. Highway 21 in the pre-Interstate era was a north-south highway connecting the area around Lake Erie and the coastal South. ... U.S. Highway 176 is a spur of U.S. Highway 76. ... U.S. Highway 321 is a spur of U.S. Highway 21. ... U.S. Highway 378 is a spur of U.S. Highway 78. ...


The city also has an Amtrak station, with the Silver Star trains connecting Columbia with New York City, Washington, DC, Savannah, Jacksonville, Orlando, Tampa, and Miami. Vermonter at the Brattleboro, Vermont, station, 18 March 2004. ... The Columbia Amtrak Station, located in Columbia, South Carolina, is served by the Amtrak passenger train The Silver Star. ... The Silver Service and Palmetto are a group of passenger railway lines operated by Amtrak, connecting New York Penn Station to Tampa, Florida and Miami, Florida. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... Savannah redirects here. ... Jacksonville redirects here. ... Orlando redirects here. ... Tampas skyline For alternate meanings, see Tampa (disambiguation) Tampa is a city located in Hillsborough County on the west coast of Florida. ... This article is about the city in Florida. ...


Regional bus transportation is provided by the Central Midlands Regional Transit Authority (CMRTA), which serves the greater Columbia area including Cayce, West Columbia, Forest Acres, Arcadia Lakes, Springdale, and the St. Andrews area. The authority was established in October 2002. Cayce is a city located in Lexington County, South Carolina, along the Congaree River. ... West Columbia is a city located in Lexington County, South Carolina. ... Forest Acres is a city located in Richland County, South Carolina. ... Arcadia Lakes is a town located in Richland County, South Carolina. ... Springdale is a town located in Lexington County, South Carolina. ...


Greyhound Lines operates a station on Gervais Street, in the eastern part of downtown, providing Columbia with intercity bus transportation. This article is about the US bus line. ...


Downtown revitalization

Publix grocery store in the historic Congaree Vista district downtown, housed in the former Confederate Printing Plant
Publix grocery store in the historic Congaree Vista district downtown, housed in the former Confederate Printing Plant
Gervais Street in the historic Congaree Vista district downtown
Gervais Street in the historic Congaree Vista district downtown

The city of Columbia has recently accomplished a number of redevelopment projects and has several more planned. The historic Congaree Vista, a 1,200-acre (5 km²) district running from downtown toward the Congaree river, features a number of historic buildings that have been rehabilitated. Of note is the adaptive reuse of the Confederate Printing Plant on Gervais and Huger, used to print Confederate bills during the American Civil War. The city cooperated with Publix grocery stores to preserve the look, and now Columbia is one of a handful of cities in the Southeast with a full-service market in its downtown. This won Columbia an award from the International Downtown Association. The Vista district is also where a new convention center Hilton and a Ruth's Chris Steakhouse recently debuted. Other notable developments planned include high-end condos and townhomes, various hotels, mixed-use structures, and the establishment of a retail corridor along Lady Street. Image File history File links Vistapublix. ... Image File history File links Vistapublix. ... Congaree Vista is a cosmopolitan section of Columbia, South Carolina, on the banks of the Congaree River which was revitalized during the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... Reusing old buildings for new purposes. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Publix Super Markets, Inc. ... The US Southeast is the eastern portion of the Southern United States, but the Census Bureau does not provide a standard definition of a Southeast region of the United States, and organizations that need to subdivide the US are free to define a Southeast region to fit their needs. ... Entrance of the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Beverly Hills, California Beverly Hilton Hotel viewed from Wilshire Boulvard Hilton is a brand of the Hilton Hotels Corporation, based in Beverly Hills, California. ... Ruths Chris Steak House is a chain of over 85 steakhouses across the United States and around the world, most known today for being an upscale attraction, a departure from the prices in the chain as recently as twenty years ago. ...


The older buildings lining the Vista's main drag, Gervais, now house art galleries, restaurants, unique shops, and professional office space. Near the end of Gervais is the South Carolina State Museum, and the Colonial Center adds to the draw as it is just a few blocks away. Private student housing and some residential projects are going up nearby; the CanalSide development[10] at the site of the old Central Correctional Institution, is the most high profile. The development will have 750 residential units and provide access to Columbia's waterfront. South Carolina State Museum Columbia, South Carolina The South Carolina State Museum, located in Columbia, South Carolina, is the largest museum in the Southeastern United States. ... The Colonial Center is a multi-purpose arena in Columbia, South Carolina, primarily home to the University of South Carolina mens and womens basketball teams. ...


The next few years should see the University of South Carolina's research campus, dubbed "Innovista"[11], stretch from the university across the historic Congaree Vista district on over 200 acres (0.8 km²). The project demolished a piece of the city skyline: the old university visitors center Carolina Plaza, which was 14 stories. In its place the university is building a multi-use second campus which will not only provide space for university-sponsored research, but will rent some out to private residents, private research firms, and a few shops. The university touts the project of an example of its ongoing "private-public" partnership with the city.

A downtown lightpost banner heralds Columbia's "New Main Street" as part of an effort to reinfuse life and vitality into Main Street.
A downtown lightpost banner heralds Columbia's "New Main Street" as part of an effort to reinfuse life and vitality into Main Street.

Lady Street between Huger and Assembly streets in the Vista and the Five Points neighborhood have undergone beautification projects, which mainly consisted of replacing curbs and gutters, adding brick-paved sidewalks, and angled parking. Special efforts are being aimed at Main Street, which was once the center of the city's activity but remains dormant after retailers and shoppers left for suburban malls. The goal is to re-establish Main Street as a vibrant commercial and residential corridor. The streetscapings, along Main Street and in Five Points in particular, have taken their toll among local businesses located there, some of which were forced to close during the refurbishing -- —and local favorite Sherlock Holmes Pub on Main Street—actually went out of business. In spite of this, a majority of business owners on Main Street believe that the streetscaping represents a positive aspect of the city's evolution. Notable developments planned for Main Street include a 17-story, $60 million tower at the high-profile corner of Main and Gervais streets, the second phase of the streetscaping project between Hampton and Laurel streets, a new sanctuary for the Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church, the relocation of the Nickelodeon theater, and the refurbished McCrory building, which will be a mixed-use development including condos, restaurants, and office space. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 469 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (581 × 742 pixel, file size: 283 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: myself I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 469 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (581 × 742 pixel, file size: 283 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: myself I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU... Greek Orthodox Church can refer to any of several hierarchical churches within the larger group of mutually recognizing Eastern Orthodox churches: the Orthodox Church of Constantinople, headed by the Patriarch of Constantinople, who is also the first among equals of the Eastern Orthodox Communion. ...


The Meridian building, a 17-story, $62 million office tower was completed in 2004 and First Citizens bank, which is the second-largest state-based bank, completed a $40 million, 170,000-square-foot (16,000 m²), 9-story headquarters tower at the corner of Main and Lady streets in 2006. The historic Palmetto Building, at the corner of Main and Washington streets, is presently undergoing renovations, preparing to become a Boutique Sheraton Hotel and directly across from it, the historic Republic National Bank Building will be turned into meeting and banquet space for the Sheraton. On September 25, 2007, a new fountain and sculpture, located in Boyd Plaza in front of the Columbia Museum of Art[12] at the corner of Main and Hampton streets downtown, was dedicated. The 25-foot (7.6 m) tall piece, entitled "Apollo's Cascade," was designed by famed sculptor Rodney Carroll and was commissioned using a leadership gift from the Colliers Keenan Real Estate Firm. Starwood headquarters in White Plains “Starwood” redirects here. ...


The Historic Columbia Foundation has plans to create a garden district in a historic area of downtown bounded by Calhoun, Taylor, Marion, and Barnwell streets. Under this plan, the 18 blocks that encompass downtown’s five historic homes--Hampton-Preston Mansion, Robert Mills House, Mann-Simons Cottage, Woodrow Wilson Family Home, and Seibels House--would feature landscapes spanning 100 years of gardening, from 1820 to 1920. The project would include interpretive signs, streetscaping, and pedestrian walks intended to appeal tourists and locals alike.


Additionally, the 178-acre (0.7 km²) former state mental hospital’s central campus, located on Bull Street, is the last and largest tract of land to come available in urban Columbia in decades. The state of South Carolina has plans to sell the site, a huge opportunity for Columbia. The city's proposal is a hallmark of new urbanism, the architectural movement that focuses on higher-density residential development interspersed with green space, offices and retail. For this future development, 1,200 residential units and over 800,000 square feet (70,000 m²) of retail and office space are planned. The new Bull Street neighborhood also would feature a “town center” of stores and shops near its main entrance at Bull Street and Elmwood Avenue. This project is expected to have a rather significant economic impact on the city of Columbia--something unlike the city has seen within the past 50 years, according to the Central Carolina Community Foundation's Bull Street Committee. This committee was formed by request of both city and state government to create a plan for the land use. The Community Foundation held public forums to get the community's feedback as to what would best serve the community. In February 2006, the Community Foundation turned over the completed plan to the city and the State Housing Finance and Development Authority. To view the plan visit bullstreetsc.com New urbanism is an American urban design movement that arose in the early 1980s. ...


Tallest buildings

Name Stories Height (in feet)
Capital Center 25 348
Palmetto Center 20 325
Bank of America Plaza 17 305
Tower at 1301 Gervais 20 278
Meridian Building 17 250

There are several buildings in the United States called Bank of America Plaza: Bank of America Plaza (Atlanta) in Georgia Bank of America Plaza in Miami, Florida Bank of America Plaza (Charlotte), in North Carolina, which includes Bank of America Corporate Center Bank of America Plaza (Dallas) in Texas Bank...

Gallery

Economy

The Central Business District from the Capital Center
The Central Business District from the Capital Center

Columbia has quite a diversified economy, with the major employers in the area being South Carolina state government, the Palmetto Health hospital system, Blue Cross Blue Shield of SC, Palmetto GBA, and the University of South Carolina. Columbia is also home to the headquarters of SCANA, a Fortune 500 company which supplies energy to parts of the Carolinas and Georgia. Other major employers in the Columbia area include Fort Jackson, the U.S. Army's 2nd largest training installation behind Fort Bragg, Richland School District One, Humana/TriCare, and the United Parcel Service, which operates its Southeastern Regional Hub at the Columbia Metropolitan Airport. Major manufacturers such as Square D, CMC Steel, Spirax Sarco, Michelin, International Paper, Pirelli Cables, Honeywell, Westinghouse Electric, Harsco Track Tech, Trane, Intertape Polymer Group, Union Switch & Signal, Solectron, and Bose Corporation Technology have facilities in Columbia. The business climate in the Columbia region is a very solid one. There are over 70 foreign affiliated companies and fourteen Fortune 500 companies in the region. Image File history File linksMetadata Carolina_041. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Carolina_041. ... The University of South Carolina (also referred to as USC, SC, or Carolina) is a public, co-educational, research university located in Columbia, South Carolina, United States. ... The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ... Fort Jackson is a United States Army Basic Combat Training (BCT) base located in South Carolina. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... United Parcel Service, Inc. ... Columbia Metropolitan Airport (IATA: CAE, ICAO: KCAE) is the main airport for Columbia, South Carolina, located in the suburb of West Columbia. ... Michelin (full name: Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin) (Euronext: ML) based in Clermont-Ferrand in the Auvergne région of France, is primarily a tyre manufacturer. ... International Paper (NYSE: IP) is an American pulp and paper company, the largest pulp and paper company in the world and the largest private owner of timberland in the United States. ... Pirelli & C. SpA is a diverse multinational company based in Milan, Italy. ... Honeywell Heating Specialties Company Stock Certificate dated 1924 signed by Mark C. Honeywell - courtesy of Scripophily. ... Westinghouse Electric Company is a nuclear reactor technology business company, providing nuclear services, power plants, nuclear fuel, and fuel handling equipment to utilities and governments in the United States, Europe, and Asia. ... Trane, a business of American Standard Companies, is a global provider of heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) systems and building management systems and controls. ... George Westinghouse founded Union Switch & Signal in 1881, consolidating the assets of companies that had pioneered closed track circuits and interlockings. ... Solectron headquarters in Milpitas Solectron Corporation (NYSE: SLR), is a global electronics manufacturing company for original equipment manufacturer (OEMs). ... The Bose Corporation is a privately-held American company based in Framingham, Massachusetts that specializes in audio equipment[2][3] and holds the philosophy of supporting its technological development through research (thus the company motto). ... The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ...

First Citizens Bank headquarters at the corner of Main and Lady streets
First Citizens Bank headquarters at the corner of Main and Lady streets

Several companies have their global, continental, or national headquarters in Columbia, including Collexis Holdings, Inc., a software development company; Colonial Supplemental Insurance, the second-largest supplemental insurance company in the nation; Holopack International, a German-owned company that provides a wide range of services to the pharmaceutical industry; First Citizens bank, the second largest state-based bank; South Carolina Bank and Trust; Spectrum Medical, an international medical software company; Wilbur Smith Associates, a full-service transportation and infrastructure consulting firm; and Nelson Mullins, a major national law firm. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 490 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (538 × 658 pixel, file size: 226 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: myself First Citizens Bank headquarters, Columbia, South Carolina, USA I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 490 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (538 × 658 pixel, file size: 226 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: myself First Citizens Bank headquarters, Columbia, South Carolina, USA I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify...


Many reputable publications and institutes recognize the strength and potential of the city's economy. In Forbes 2007 "Best Places for Business and Careers" list, Columbia ranked 35th overall among the 200 large metropolitan areas ranked.[13] Forbes also named Columbia as one of the nation's top 100 cities for jobs in its 2007 listing [5]. Bizjournals ranked Columbia 25th of 105 medium-sized labor markets for young adult job seekers[14] and 15th of 77 metropolitan areas in its "Jewels of the Sunbelt" ranking, which ranks cities according to "blend of comfortable lifestyle and warm weather".[15] Inc.com's 2007 Boomtown rankings, which is based on job-growth data as supplied by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, listed Columbia 24th among 99 midsized metropolitan areas nationwide.[16] Entrepreneur.com, Inc. listed Columbia eighth of 63 midsize metropolitan areas nationwide in its Entrepreneur and NPRC's 2006 Hot Cities for Entrepreneurs rankings. CareerBuilder.com named Columbia as one of the nation's best cities for jobs based on job openings per resident.[17] Expansion Management, a high profile company dedicated to helping companies evaluate future locations, listed Columbia as one of America's 50 hottest cities for corporate expansion and relocation for its 2007 list,[18] a top 20 midsized metro area for business recruitment and attraction,[19] one of America's top business opportunity metros out of 70 metropolitan areas nationwide[20], as a "Five-Star Knowledge Worker Metro," which reflects the area's highly educated population[21], and as a "Five-Star Business Opportunity Metro" which is a “Best of the Best” ranking of metro areas that have achieved solid ratings across the board in the company's numerous studies during the past 12 months.[22]. POLICOM, a company that specializes in studying the dynamics of local economies, placed the Columbia metropolitan region in the top 25th percentile among the 361 U.S. Census Bureau-designated metropolitan statistical areas nationwide (and first among metropolitan areas in the state) in its 2006 economic strength rankings. Also, the Midlands region ranked second in the state for job creation in 2005 according to the South Carolina Department of Commerce.[23] The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ...


Columbia's economy is set to be revolutionized within the next few years with the establishment of the University of South Carolina's research campus, dubbed Innovista.[24] Spreading out over 200 acres (0.8 km²) in the historic Congaree Vista district downtown and combining 5,000,000 square feet (465,000 m²) of research labs, office space, mixed-use retail and affordable residential housing, research will be aimed at the emerging technologies and intellectual clusters—biomedical, environmental, nanotechnology, and future fuels—that companies will find extremely valuable in the global economy. Phase I of the campus is presently under construction. In March 2007, the campus's first major private sector tenant, Duck Creek Technologies, an insurance software and services company, was announced; the company expects to create a minimum of 200 new high-paying jobs with an average salary of $85,000.[25] The University of South Carolina (also referred to as USC, SC, or Carolina) is a public, co-educational, research university located in Columbia, South Carolina, United States. ...


People and culture

Demographics

City of Columbia
Population by Census Year
[26]
1880 10,036
1890 15,353
1900 21,108
1910 26,319
1920 37,524
1930 51,581
1940 62,396
1950 86,914
1960 97,433
1970 113,542
1980 101,208
1990 98,052
2000 116,278

As of the census of 2000,[1] there were 116,278 people, 42,245 households, and 22,136 families residing in the city. The population density was 928.6 people per square mile (358.5/km²). There were 46,142 housing units at an average density of 368.5/sq mi (142.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 49.22% White, 45.98% African American, 1.73% Asian, 0.25% Native American, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.36% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.03% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ...


There were 42,245 households out of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.5% were married couples living together, 17.6% have a female householder with no husband present, and 47.6% were nonfamilies. 37.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.97. Marriage is a relationship that plays a key role in the definition of many families. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 20.1% under the age of 18, 22.9% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 16.6% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.4 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $31,141, and the median income for a family was $39,589. Males had a median income of $30,925 versus $24,679 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,853. About 17.0% of families and 22.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.7% of those under the age of 18 and 16.9% ages 65 or older. The median household income is commonly used to provide data about smaller geographic areas. ... Per capita income means how much each individual receives, in monetary terms, of the yearly income generated in their country. ...


Religion

There are three synagogues in Columbia, Beth Shalom (Conservative), Tree of Life Congregation (Reform), and the Chabad Learning Shul(Orthodox), which are located within a few hundred yards of each other. There are also two mosques in the city. At last count, there are 661 places of worship in the city. This article is about Conservative (Masorti) Judaism in the United States. ... Reform Judaism can refer to (1) the largest denomination of American Jews and its sibling movements in other countries, (2) a branch of Judaism in the United Kingdom, and (3) the historical predecessor of the American movement that originated in 19th-century Germany. ... Rabbi Moshe Feinstein, a leading Rabbinical authority for Orthodox Jewry of the second half of the twentieth century. ...


Famous natives and residents

Among the famous people and groups connected to Columbia are:

  • Singer (lead singer of band Matchbox Twenty) Rob Thomas

Susannah Mills works as a film producer, film actor and model in Los Angeles. ... Mike Colter (b. ... Micheal C. Flessas (born June 2, 1959 in Miami, Florida), is the birth name of actor Michael Flessas. ... Palme dOr The Palme dOr (Golden Palm) is the highest prize given to a film at the Cannes Film Festival. ... Dancer in the Dark is an award-winning musical film drama released in 2000. ... The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1939, is one of the worlds oldest, most influential and prestigious film festivals. ... Lee Thompson Young as Victor Stone in Smallville Lee Thompson Young (born February 1, 1984) is an American actor, best known for starring in the Disney television series, The Famous Jett Jackson. ... Scott Powell Holroyd (born on June 5, 1975) is an American actor. ... Angell Conwell as Tamika in the 2004 movie Soul Plane Angell Conwell (centre) on the cover of the film What About Your Friends Angell Conwell (born 2nd August 1983 in Orangeburg, South Carolina) is an African-American actress and model. ... Kristin Landen Davis (also listed as Kristin Lee Davis) (born February 23 or February 24,[1] 1965 depending on the source) is an American Golden Globe and Emmy award-nominated actress best known for the role of Charlotte York on HBOs Sex and the City. ... Mary-Louise Parker (born August 2, 1964) is an American actress. ... Blue Sky is the legal name (formerly Warren Edward Johnson) of an American painter and sculptor best known for his mural, Tunnelvision. ... Charles F. Bolden, Jr. ... Bj McKie, from Irmo, South Carolina, starred for the University of South Carolina mens basketball teams, specifically in 1997 and 1998, when he lead the program to back-to-back NCAA tournaments and national prominence. ... Bruce Kastulo Chen (born June 19, 1977 in Panama City, Panama) (Traditional Chinese: 陳用彩, pinyin: Chén Yòngcaǐ) is a starting pitcher who currently plays for the Baltimore Orioles. ... Michael Boulware was born September 17, 1981, Columbia, South Carolina. ... Peter Boulware (born December 18, 1974 in Columbia, South Carolina) is a former American football linebacker who played for the Baltimore Ravens. ... Jermaine L. ONeal (born October 13, 1978, in Columbia, South Carolina) is an American National Basketball Association player who currently plays for the Indiana Pacers. ... Alex English (born January 5, 1954 in Columbia, South Carolina), is a former University of South Carolina and Denver Nuggets basketball forward. ... Tyrone Kennedy Corbin (born December 31, 1962 in Columbia, South Carolina) is a former NBA forward who played from 1985 to 2000 for the San Antonio Spurs, Cleveland Cavaliers, Phoenix Suns, Minnesota Timberwolves, Utah Jazz, Atlanta Hawks, Miami Heat, Sacramento Kings, and Toronto Raptors. ... Del Wilkes (born December 21, 1961 in Columbia, South Carolina) was a masked professional wrestler best known as The Patriot. ... World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. ... Lilian Ellison [1], better known by her ring name The Fabulous Moolah (born July 22, 1923), is a female professional wrestler who is marketed by World Wrestling Entertainment for holding the record for the longest title reign by any athlete in any professional sport. ... Xavier Maurice McDaniel (born June 4, 1963 in Columbia, South Carolina), is a former NBA player who, at 6 7, played small forward for the Seattle SuperSonics, Phoenix Suns, New York Knicks, Boston Celtics, and New Jersey Nets. ... Duce Staley (born February 27, 1975 in Tampa, Florida) is an American football player in the NFL who currently plays running back for the Pittsburgh Steelers. ... Samkon Kaltho Gado (born November 13, 1982 in Kufai, Nigeria) is a professional American football player for the Houston Texans of the NFL. // Gado moved to Columbia, South Carolina from Nigeria when he was nine years old. ... Tom Poland (February 4, 1949) was born in Augusta, Georgia, as Thomas Mitchell Poland to John Mitchell Poland and his wife Ruth Walker Poland. ... Joseph Cardinal Bernadin, born Joseph Louis Bernadin, (1928-1996) was a Roman Catholic cardinal, last serving as head of the Archdiocese of Chicago. ... Stephen Orr Spurrier (born April 20, 1945 in Miami Beach, Florida) is a former American football player and currently the head coach of the University of South Carolina football team. ... Stanley Donen (born April 13, 1924) is an American film director and choreographer hailed by David Quinlan as the King of the Hollywood musicals. His most famous work is Singin in the Rain, which he co-directed with Gene Kelly. ... Mark Cerney born April 10, 1967 in San Diego, California, USA is a American nonprofit, founder. ... Crossfade is a post-grunge/hard rock band from Columbia, South Carolina. ... Hootie & the Blowfish are an American pop-rock band, originally formed at the University of South Carolina by Darius Rucker, Dean Felber, Jim Soni Sonefeld and Mark Bryan. ... Hardcore punk is a subgenre of punk rock that originated in North America around 1980. ... Stretch Arm Strong is a Christian hardcore/metalcore band from South Carolina, and the flagship band for We Put Out Records. ... This article is about the musical genre. ... Nile is a brutal / technical death metal band from Greenville, South Carolina, USA assembled in 1993. ... Iron & Wine is the pseudonym of American roots music singer and producer Sam Beam, who teaches cinematography in Miami, Florida. ... Iron & Wine is the stage and recording name for Florida-based folk rock singer-songwriter Sam Beam. ... Danielle Howle (born in Columbia, South Carolina) is an American folk-rock singer-songwriter. ... Chris Potter (born January 1, 1971) is an American jazz saxophonist, composer, and multi-instrumentalist. ... Fred Wesley (born 1943) is an American jazz and funk trombonist. ... William Price Fox is an american novelist, who wrote Southern Fried and Wild Blue Yonder. ... Phillip Bush is an American classical pianist, with a career focusing primarily on chamber music and contemporary classical music. ... James Dickey (February 2, 1923 – January 19, 1997) was a popular United States poet and novelist. ... Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856—February 3, 1924), was the twenty-eighth President of the United States. ... Kary Banks Mullis, Ph. ... Angie Stone (born Angela Laverne Brown on January 30, 1961) is an American R&B, soul, and neo soul singer, songwriter, keyboardist, record producer, and occasional actress. ... Jay Jenkins (born September 28, 1977 in Columbia, South Carolina) formerly known as Lil J currently known as Young Jeezy, is an American rapper. ... For other persons of the same name, see Rob Thomas. ...

Neighborhoods

Elmwood Park neighborhood
Elmwood Park neighborhood
Historic Hampton neighborhood
Historic Hampton neighborhood
  • Arsenal Hill
  • Cottontown/Bellevue Historic District
  • Earlewood
  • Eau Claire
  • Elmwood Park
  • Forest Hills
  • Granby Mill Village
  • Heathwood
  • Heritage Woods
  • Hollywood-Rose Hill
  • King's Grant
  • Lake Carolina
  • Long Creek Plantation
  • Martin Luther King (Valley Park)
  • Melrose Heights
  • Old Shandon
  • Olympia Mill Village
  • Rosewood
  • Sherwood Forest
  • Shandon
  • The Summit
  • Spring Valley
  • University Hill
  • Wales Garden
  • Historic Waverly
  • Wheeler Hill
  • WildeWood
  • Winchester
  • Winslow
  • Woodlake
  • The Woodlands
  • Yorkshire

Image File history File links Elmwoodpark. ... Image File history File links Elmwoodpark. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 535 pixelsFull resolution (819 × 548 pixel, file size: 200 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: myself I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 535 pixelsFull resolution (819 × 548 pixel, file size: 200 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: myself I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU... Eau Claire is a community in Columbia, South Carolina. ...

Shopping

Popular shopping centers in the Columbia area include:

The Five Points neighborhood, home to many locally-owned businesses, is known as Columbia's eclectic village shopping area. The Devine Street corridor offers a variety of upscale specialty shopping, including art and antiques, eclectic home furnishings, and men's, women's, and children's clothing. The historic Congaree Vista district downtown provides shoppers with a unique collection of shops filled with antiques, oriental rugs, jewelry, original artwork, hand-made furniture, and collectibles. Columbia Place is one of South Carolinas largest shopping mall, with nearly 1. ... Columbiana Centre is an enclosed, super-regional shopping mall in the Harbison area of Columbia, South Carolina. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


Media

Columbia's daily newspaper is The State and its alternative newspapers include Columbia City Paper, The Columbia Star, The Free Times, BlackColumbia.com, and the SC Black News. Columbia Metropolitan Magazine is a bi-monthly publication about news and events in the metropolitan area. Greater Columbia Business Monthly is Columbia's oldest monthly business magazine, highlighting economic development, business, education and the arts. undefined Magazine is Columbia's newest and only magazine with a focus on exposing local talent and passion in an artful and creative menu with topics ranging from design and trends to art and culture. Columbia is home to the headquarters and production facilities of ETV and ETV Radio, the state's public television and public radio networks. The local television and radio stations are: The State is a daily morning newspaper published in Columbia, South Carolina, in the United States. ... Columbia City Paper is a free alternative newspaper in Columbia, South Carolina featuring investigative articles, political commentary, humor, music, arts and entertainment coverage. ... Public broadcasting (also known as public service broadcasting or PSB) is the dominant form of broadcasting around the world, where radio, television, and potentially other electronic media outlets receive funding from the public. ... Public broadcasting (also known as public service broadcasting or PSB) is the dominant form of broadcasting around the world, where radio, television, and potentially other electronic media outlets receive funding from the public. ...

FM Stations: 88. ...

Cultural and literary arts

Columbia Museum of Art
Columbia Museum of Art
  • Town Theatre is the country's oldest community theatre in continuous use. Located a block from the University of South Carolina campus, its playhouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Since 1917, the theatre has produced plays and musicals of wide general appeal.
  • Trustus Theatre is Columbia's professional theatre company. Founded more than 20 years ago, Trustus brought a new dimension to theatre in South Carolina's capital city. Patrons enjoy a relaxed Soho-style setting as they watch new shows directly from the stages of New York as well as classic shows rarely seen in Columbia.
  • The Nickelodeon Theatre is a small 77 seat store front theater located on the corner of Main and Pendleton Streets, adjacent to the campus of the University of South Carolina. In operation since 1979, "the Nick", run by the Columbia Film Society, is home to two film screenings each evening and an additional matinee three days a week. The Nick is the only non-profit art house film theater in South Carolina and is the home for 25,000 filmgoers each year.
  • Columbia Marionette Theatre has the distinction of being the only free standing theatre in the nation devoted entirely to marionette arts. Young and old alike enjoy the one-of-a-kind marionette productions presented at the theatre.
  • The South Carolina Shakespeare Company performs the plays of Shakespeare and other classical works throughout the state. Audiences are always full, proving the Bard's words remain as delightful today as they did centuries ago.
  • Workshop Theatre of South Carolina opened in 1967 as a place where area directors could practice their craft. The theatre produces musicals and Broadway fare and also brings new theatrical material to Columbia.
  • The Imperfect Theater Company is Columbia's newest, having made its debut in the capital city in July 2006 with the play, "Some Americans Abroad." The group's goal is to perform intimate theater productions of "imperfect but thought-provoking play-scripts". They perform on an irregular schedule, check their website for updated information.
  • The South Carolina State Museum is a comprehensive museum with exhibits in science, technology, history and the arts. It is the state's largest museum and one of the largest museums in the Southeast.
  • The Columbia Museum of Art features changing exhibits throughout the year. Located at the corner of Hampton and Main Streets, the museum offers amazing art, lectures, films and guided tours.
  • EdVenture is the South's largest children's museum. Its state-of-the-art facility is located next to the South Carolina State Museum on Gervais Street. This delightful museum allows children to explore and learn while having fun.
  • McKissick Museum is located on the University of South Carolina campus. The museum features changing exhibitions of art, science, regional history and folk art.
  • The Confederate Relic Room and Military Museum showcases an artifact collection from the Colonial period to the space age. The museum houses a wonderful collection of artifacts from the South Carolina confederate period.
  • The Richland County Public Library, named the 2001 National Library of the Year, serves area citizens through its main library and nine branches. The spectacular 242,000-square-foot (22,500 m²) main library has an outstanding book collection, provides reference services, utilizes innovative technology, houses a wonderful children's collection and displays distinctive artwork.
  • The South Carolina State Library provides library services to all citizens of South Carolina through the interlibrary loan service utilized by the public libraries located in each county. Individuals are also welcome to visit the State Library to use materials from the collection.
  • The Columbia City Ballet is Columbia's internationally renowned ballet. Artistic Director William Starrett, formerly of the Joffrey Ballet and American Ballet Theatre, runs the company. The Columbia City Ballet specializes in top quality productions, including a Columbia favorite, Dracula.
  • The South Carolina Philharmonic Orchestra is Columbia's resident orchestra. The Philharmonic produces a full season of outstanding orchestral performances each year. World-renowned musicians come to Columbia to perform as guest artists with the orchestra. In April 2008 Morihiko Nakahara was named the new Music Director of the Philharmonic.
  • The Columbia City Jazz Dance Company was formed in 1990 by artistic director Dale Lam and had the great honor of being named one of the "Top 50 Dance Companies in the USA" by Dance Spirit magazine. Columbia City Jazz specializes in modern, lyrical, and percussive jazz dance styles and has made themselves well known locally, regionally, and nationally through exhibitions, competitions, community functions and international tours in Singapore, Plovidv, Bulgaria, and Austria.
  • The Columbia Choral Society has been performing throughout the community since 1930. Under the direction of Dr. William Carswell, the group strives to stimulate and broaden interest in musical activities and to actively engage in the rehearsal and rendition of choral music.

Image File history File links Cmoa. ... Image File history File links Cmoa. ... Image File history File linksMetadata EdVenturemuseum. ... Image File history File linksMetadata EdVenturemuseum. ... EdVenture is a childrens musuem in Columbia, South Carolina on the grounds of the South Carolina State Museum. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 517 pixelsFull resolution (3284 × 2124 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 517 pixelsFull resolution (3284 × 2124 pixel, file size: 4. ... South Carolina State Museum Columbia, South Carolina The South Carolina State Museum, located in Columbia, South Carolina, is the largest museum in the Southeastern United States. ... The University of South Carolina (also referred to as USC, SC, or Carolina) is a public, co-educational, research university located in Columbia, South Carolina, United States. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... This article is about the state. ... Shakespeare redirects here. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... South Carolina State Museum Columbia, South Carolina The South Carolina State Museum, located in Columbia, South Carolina, is the largest museum in the Southeastern United States. ... EdVenture is a childrens musuem in Columbia, South Carolina on the grounds of the South Carolina State Museum. ... South Carolina State Museum Columbia, South Carolina The South Carolina State Museum, located in Columbia, South Carolina, is the largest museum in the Southeastern United States. ... The University of South Carolina (also referred to as USC, SC, or Carolina) is a public, co-educational, research university located in Columbia, South Carolina, United States. ... This article is about the novel. ... The South Carolina Philharmonic, founded in 1963, is an American orchestra that is located in Columbia, South Carolina. ... Morihiko Nakahara Morihiko Nakahara (born November 28, 1975) is a Japanese conductor. ... Dale has taught master classes at the Kiradjiev Cultural Center in Plovdiv, Bulgaria, the American School in Singapore, and for the Singapore Dance Association at Lasalle College of the Arts. ...

Parks and outdoor recreational opportunities

Finlay Park
Finlay Park

One of the best known parks in the state of South Carolina, Finlay Park has hosted just about everything from festivals and political rallies to road races and Easter Sunrise services. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 688 KB) Summary Author: unknown Source URL: http://jemeenthet. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 688 KB) Summary Author: unknown Source URL: http://jemeenthet. ... The skyline of Columbia, South Carolina, as seen from Finlay Park. ... This article is about the Christian festival. ...


This beautiful 18 acre park has had two lives; first dedicated in 1859 as Sidney Park, named in honor of Algernon Sidney Johnson, a Columbia City Councilman, the park experienced an illustrious but short tenure. The park fell into disrepair after the Civil War and served as a site for commercial ventures until the late 1900s. In 1990, the park was reopened and has become a beautiful diamond in the downtown area, offering a green oasis in contrast to the glass, asphalt and concrete in the urban environment. It serves as the site for such events as Kids Day, The Summer Concert Series, plus many more activities. In 1992, the park was renamed Finlay Park, in honor of Kirkman Finlay, a past mayor of Columbia who had a vision to reenergize the historic Congaree Vista district, between Main Street and the river, and recreate the beautiful site that was formerly known as Sidney Park.

Memorial Park
Memorial Park

Memorial Park is a four-acre tract of land in the Congaree Vista between Main Street and the river. The property is bordered by Hampton, Gadsden, Washington, and Wayne Streets and is one block south of Finlay Park. This park was created to serve as a memorial to those who served their county and presently has monuments honoring the USS Columbia warship and those that served with her during World War II, the China-Burma-India Theater Veterans of WWII, causalities of the Pearl Harbor attack of December 7, 1941 who were from South Carolina, and the State Vietnam War Veterans. The park was dedicated in November 1986 along with the unveiling of the South Carolina Vietnam Monument. In June 2000, the Korean War Memorial was dedicated at Memorial Park. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Seven United States Navy ships have been named USS Columbia, after the personification of the United States, also after the city of Columbia, South Carolina. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about the harbor in Hawaii. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Belligerents United Nations: Republic of Korea Australia Belgium Canada Colombia Ethiopia France Greece Luxembourg Netherlands New Zealand Philippines South Africa Thailand Turkey United Kingdom United States Naval Support and Military Servicing/Repairs: Japan Medical staff: Denmark Italy Norway India Sweden DPR Korea PR China Soviet Union Commanders Syngman Rhee Chung...


Granby Park opened in November 1998 as a gateway to the rivers of Columbia, adding another access to the many river activities available to residents. Granby is part of the Three Rivers Greenway, a system of green spaces along the banks of the rivers in Columbia, adding another piece to the long-range plan and eventually connecting to the existing Riverfront Park. Granby is a 24 acre linear park with canoe access points, fishing spots, bridges and 1/2 mile of nature trail along the banks of the Congaree River.


In the Five Points district of downtown Columbia is the park dedicated to the legacy and memory of the most celebrated civil rights leader in America, Martin Luther King Jr. Park. Formerly known as Valley Park, it was historically known to be largely restricted to Whites. Renaming the park after Martin Luther King, Jr. in the late 1980s was seen as a progressive and unifying event on behalf of the city, civic groups, and local citizens. The park features a beautiful water sculpture and a community center. An integral element of the park is the Stone of Hope monument, unveiled in January 1996. Upon the monument is inscribed a portion of King's 1964 Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech: "History is cluttered with the wreckage of nations and individuals that pursued that self-defeating path of hate. Love is the key to the solutions of the problems of the world." Martin Luther King, Jr. ... The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Danish and Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is the name of one of five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ...


One of Columbia's greatest assets is Riverbanks Zoo & Garden. Riverbanks Zoo is a sanctuary for more than 2,000 animals housed in natural habitat exhibits along the Saluda River. Just across the river, the 70 acre botanical garden is devoted to gardens, woodlands, plant collections, and historic ruins. Riverbanks has been named one of America's top 10 zoos and the #1 travel attraction in the Southeast. The Riverbanks Zoo is a large zoo, aquarium, and botanical garden in Columbia, South Carolina. ...

Situated along the meandering Congaree River in central South Carolina, Congaree National Park is home to champion trees, primeval forest landscapes, and diverse plant and animal life. This 22,200-acre (90 km²) park protects the largest contiguous tract of old-growth bottomland hardwood forest remaining in the United States. The park is an international biosphere reserve. Known for its giant hardwoods and towering pines, the park’s floodplain forest includes one of the highest canopies in the world and some of the tallest trees in the eastern United States. Congaree National Park provides a sanctuary for plants and animals, a research site for scientists, and a place to walk and relax in a tranquil wilderness setting. Image File history File linksMetadata Congareeboardwalk. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Congareeboardwalk. ... Located in South Carolina, the 34 mi² (89 km²) Congaree National Park is the largest tract of old growth bottomland hardwood forest left in the United States but one of the smallest national parks. ... Congaree River at the fall line, Columbia, South Carolina The Congaree River is a short but wide river in South Carolina in the United States. ... Located in South Carolina, the 34 mi² (89 km²) Congaree National Park is the largest tract of old growth bottomland hardwood forest left in the United States but one of the smallest national parks. ... A biosphere reserve is an international conservation designation given by UNESCO under its Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB). ...


Sesquicentennial State Park is a 1,419-acre (6 km²) park, featuring a beautiful 30 acre lake surrounded by trails and picnic areas. The park's proximity to downtown Columbia and three major interstate highways attracts both local residents and travelers. Sesquicentennial is often the site of family reunions and group campouts. Interpretive nature programs is a major attraction to the park. The park also contains a two-story log house, dating back to the mid 1700s, which was relocated to the park in 1969. This house is believed to be the oldest building still standing in Richland County. The park was originally built by the Civilian Conservation Corps in the 1930s. Evidence of their craftsmanship is still present today.


In November 1996, the River Alliance proposed that a 12-mile (19 km) linear park system be created to link people to their rivers. This was named the Three Rivers Greenway, and the $18 million estimated cost was agreed to by member governments (the cities of Cayce, Columbia, and West Columbia) with the proviso that the Alliance recommend an acceptable funding strategy. Cayce is a city located in Lexington County, South Carolina, along the Congaree River. ... West Columbia is a city located in Lexington County, South Carolina. ...


While the funding process was underway, an existing city of Columbia site located on the Congaree River offered an opportunity to be a pilot project for the Three Rivers Greenway. The Alliance was asked to design and permit for construction by a general contractor this component. This approximately one-half mile segment of the system was opened in November 1998. It is complete with 8-foot (2.4 m) wide concrete pathways, vandal-proof lighting, trash receptacles, water fountains, picnic benches, overlooks, bank fishing access, canoe/kayak access, a public restroom and parking. These set the standards for the common elements in the rest of the system. Eventually, pathways will run from Granby to the Riverbanks Zoo. Boaters, sportsmen, fishermen will have access to the area, and additional recreational uses are being planned along the miles of riverfront. Congaree River at the fall line, Columbia, South Carolina The Congaree River is a short but wide river in South Carolina in the United States. ...


Running beside the historic Columbia Canal, Riverfront Park hosts a two and a half mile trail. Spanning the canal is an old railway bridge that now is a pedestrian walkway. The park is popular for walking, running, bicycling, and fishing. Picnic tables and benches dot the walking trail. Markers are located along the trail so that visitors can measure distance. The park is part of the Palmetto Trail, a hiking and biking trail that stretches the entire length of the state, from Greenville to Charleston. For other places with the same name, see Greenville. ... Nickname: Motto: Aedes Mores Juraque Curat (She cares for her temples, customs, and rights) Location of Charleston in South Carolina. ...


Other parks in the Columbia area include:

  • W. Gordon Belser Arboretum
  • Maxcy Gregg Park
  • Hyatt Park
  • Earlewood Park
  • Granby Park
  • Owens Field Park
  • Guignard Park
  • Southeast Park
  • Harbison State Forest

and a host of others. The W. Gordon Belser Arboretum (6. ...


Festivals and annual events

FamilyFest in Finlay Park
FamilyFest in Finlay Park
  • The South Carolina State Fair is held annually in Columbia in the month of October. Rides, food and games attract local and widespread attendants. Exhibits featuring art, crafts, flowers and livestock cover the fairgrounds.
  • St. Patrick’s Day Festival in Five Points is certainly a Columbia favorite. Held each March, this event features live bands, arts and crafts and a smorgasbord of tasty delights.
  • The Columbia Festival of the Arts debuted in April/May 2007 as an event designed to highlight the arts in Columbia. In its inaugural year, the festival spanned 11 days and included plays, concerts, and art gallery tours from local performing and visual arts groups. The festival is tentatively slated to return in 2009 with changes designed for maximum exposure of the arts to the residents of Columbia and surrounding areas.
  • Riverfest Celebration is an annual festival held in early spring. The celebration includes a 5K River Run, musical entertainment, arts and crafts and food vendors.
  • Earth Day at Finlay Park is held each spring. This event brings together environmental booths and vendors as well as traditional festival favorites.
  • Artista Vista has grown from a minor studio showcase in the early 1990s into a major draw for artists and collectors alike. The event is not only a chance to showcase artists from the Midlands, but across the Carolinas. While local artists make up the lion's share of the exhibits, Artista Vista has presented works from as far afield as Japan, Romania, and Poland.
  • The Greek Festival is held annually in September at the Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church in Downtown Columbia. Traditional Greek dances, ceremonies, music, theatre, food and beverages are all part of this four-day festival.
"Greek Fest" in Downtown Columbia
"Greek Fest" in Downtown Columbia
  • The Irmo Okra Strut is a two-day festival held during the last weekend in September. The festival features a street dance, 10 K road race, golf tournament, arts and crafts, rides, food and South Carolina’s largest festival parade.
  • FamilyFest, formerly known as GospelFest, is a one-day open air concert held in Finlay Park in late spring (usually late May or early June). Attracting tens of thousands of attendees, the concert is sponsored by local Gospel music radio station WFMV and features local and nationally-known Gospel artists.
  • Eau Claire Renaissance Faire Since its establishment in 1998, this event has become the signature event for the North Columbia neighborhood of Eau Claire. Events during the festival include the Renaissance Parade and an outdoor concert.
  • Main Street Jazz brings world-renowned performers to Columbia each spring. Elegant dining is available on Main Street to compliment the music of some of the world’s greatest jazz musicians.
  • Vista Lights is held each year in Mid-November. Open house walking tours and receptions, entertainment by local musicians and carriage rides through Columbia’s antique district are all highlights of this festival.
  • Jubilee: Festival of Heritage is a one-day event held at the historic Mann-Sims Cottage to recognize African-American heritage. The festival includes arts and crafts, storytelling and music and dance performances.

Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... The skyline of Columbia, South Carolina, as seen from Finlay Park. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3456x2304, 1147 KB) Brandon Davis, Greek Fest 2006 Downtown Columbia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3456x2304, 1147 KB) Brandon Davis, Greek Fest 2006 Downtown Columbia. ... Gospel music is music that is written to express either personal or a communal belief regarding Christian life, as well as (in terms of the varying music styles) to give a Christian alternative to mainstream secular music. ...

Sports

Club Sport Founded League Venue
Columbia Inferno Hockey 2000 ECHL Carolina Coliseum
Columbia Blowfish Baseball 2005 Coastal Plain League Capital City Stadium
Columbia Olde Grey Rugby Union 1967 USA Rugby Patton Stadium

The Columbia Inferno are an ECHL team based in Columbia, South Carolina. ... Hockey is any of a family of sports in which two teams compete by trying to maneuver a ball, or a hard, round disc called a puck, into the opponents net or goal, using a hockey stick. ... The ECHL is a professional minor-league double-A hockey association based in the United States and Canada. ... The Carolina Coliseum is a 6,231-seat multi-purpose arena in Columbia, South Carolina. ... The Columbia Blowfish are a baseball team in the Coastal Plain League. ... This article is about the sport. ... The Coastal Plain League (CPL) is a collegiate summer league, featuring top-notched college players from throughout the nation. ... Capital City Stadium is a stadium in Columbia, South Carolina. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... The sport of rugby in the United States has always had a close relationship with the sport of American football. ...

Venues

The Colonial Center, which opened in 2002, is South Carolina's premiere arena and entertainment facility. Seating 18,000 for college basketball, it is the largest arena in the state of South Carolina and the tenth largest on-campus basketball facility in the nation, serving as the home of the men's and women's USC Gamecocks basketball teams and the Columbia Stingers arena football team. Located on the University of South Carolina campus, this one-of-a-kind facility features 41 suites, four entertainment suites, and the Frank McGuire Club, a full-service hospitality room that will have a capacity of 300. The state-of-the-art facility also features plush seating, a technologically advanced sound system, and a four-sided video scoreboard. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... The Colonial Center is a multi-purpose arena in Columbia, South Carolina, primarily home to the University of South Carolina mens and womens basketball teams. ... The Colonial Center is a multi-purpose arena in Columbia, South Carolina, primarily home to the University of South Carolina mens and womens basketball teams. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83...

Columbia Metropolitan Convention Center
Columbia Metropolitan Convention Center

The Columbia Metropolitan Convention Center, which opened in September 2004 as South Carolina's only downtown convention center, is a 142,500-square-foot (13,240 m²), modern, state-of-the-art facility designed to host a variety of meetings and conventions. Located in the historic Congaree Vista district, this facility is close to restaurants, antique and specialty shops, art galleries, and a vibrant nightlife. The main exhibit hall contains almost 25,000 square feet (2,300 m²) of space; the Columbia Ballroom over 18,000 square feet (1,700 m²); and the five meeting rooms ranging in size from 1500 to 4,000 square feet (400 m²) add another 15,000 square feet (1,400 m²) of space. The facility is located next to the Colonial Center. Image File history File links Cmcc. ... Image File history File links Cmcc. ... The Colonial Center is a multi-purpose arena in Columbia, South Carolina, primarily home to the University of South Carolina mens and womens basketball teams. ...

Pregame ceremonies at Williams-Brice Stadium.
Pregame ceremonies at Williams-Brice Stadium.

Williams-Brice Stadium is the home of the USC Gamecocks' football team and is one of the largest college football stadiums in the nation. It seats 80,250 persons and is located just south of downtown Columbia. The stadium was built in 1934 with help of federal Works Progress Administration funds and initially seated 17,600. The original name was Carolina Stadium, but on September 9, 1972 it was renamed to honor the Williams and Brice families. Mrs. Martha Williams-Brice had left much of her estate to the University for stadium renovations and expansions. Her late husband, Thomas H. Brice, played football for the University from 1922 to 1924. Williams-Brice Stadium, made it myself File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Williams-Brice Stadium, made it myself File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Carolina takes the field to the song 2001 at Williams-Brice Stadium, rated the best entrance in college football by Williams-Brice Stadium is the home football stadium for the South Carolina Gamecocks, the college football team representing the University of South Carolina in Columbia, South Carolina. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

The Koger Center for the Arts
The Koger Center for the Arts

The Koger Center for the Arts provides Columbia with theatre, music and dance performances from around the world. The facility seats 2,500 persons. The center is named for philanthropists Ira and Nancy Koger, who made a substantial donation from personal and corporate funds for construction of the $15 million center. The first performance at the Koger Center was given by the London Philharmonic Orchestra and took place on Saturday, January 14, 1989. The facility is known for hosting diverse events, from The State of the State Address to the South Carolina Body Building Championship and the South Carolina Science Fair. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x486, 75 KB) Brandon Davis, Koger Center for the Arts, Columbia, South Carolina. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x486, 75 KB) Brandon Davis, Koger Center for the Arts, Columbia, South Carolina. ... The London Philharmonic Orchestra (LPO), based in London, is one of the major orchestras of the United Kingdom. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ...

The Carolina Coliseum facing Assembly St.
The Carolina Coliseum facing Assembly St.

The Carolina Coliseum, which opened in 1968, used to be a 12,400-seat facility which initially served as the home of the USC Gamecocks' basketball teams. The arena could be easily adapted to serve other entertainment purposes, including concerts, car shows, circuses, ice shows, and other popular events. The versatility and quality of the Coliseum at one time allowed the University to use the facility for performing arts events such as the Boston Pops, Chicago Symphony, Feld Ballet and other performances by important artists. An acoustical shell and a state-of-the-art lighting system assisted the Coliseum in presenting such activities. The Coliseum was the home of the Columbia Inferno, an ECHL team. However, since the construction of the Colonial Center in 2002, the Coliseum is no longer used for basketball and has been converted into classroom space and now serves as the home to the School of Journalism as well as the School for Hospitality, Retail and Tourism Management. The Carolina Coliseum is a 6,231-seat multi-purpose arena in Columbia, South Carolina. ... The Boston Pops Orchestra was founded in 1885 as a subsection of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. ... The Chicago Symphony Orchestra, based in Chicago, Illinois, is one of the major orchestras in the United States. ... The Columbia Inferno are an ECHL team based in Columbia, South Carolina. ... The ECHL (formerly the East Coast Hockey League) is a professional ice hockey league based in Princeton, New Jersey, with teams scattered across the United States and Canada, generally regarded as a tier below the American Hockey League. ...


The Township Auditorium seats 3,200 persons and is located in downtown Columbia. The Georgian Revival building was designed by the Columbia architectural firm of Lafaye and Lafaye and constructed in 1930. The Township has hosted thousands of events from concerts to conventions to wrestling matches. The auditorium was listed in the National Register of Historic Places on September 28, 2005. A Georgian house in Salisbury For the unrelated architecture of the country Georgia, see Architecture of Georgia (country). ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The 11,000-seat Charlie W. Johnson Stadium is the home of Benedict College football and soccer. The structure was completed and dedicated in 2006. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Benedict College is an historically African-American liberal arts college located in Columbia, South Carolina. ... Soccer redirects here. ...


Sarge Frye Field is the home field of the USC Gamecocks' baseball teams, named after a long-time groundskeeper of the college. Due to be replaced in the 2009 Baseball season. Sarge Frye Field is a baseball stadium in Columbia, South Carolina. ...

Gameday at "The Sarge"
Gameday at "The Sarge"
















Sister cities

Currently, the city of Columbia has four sister cities:

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Categories: Stub | Cities in Germany ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Map of Romania showing Cluj_Napoca Cluj_Napoca (Hungarian: Kolozsvár, German: Klausenburg, Latin: Claudiopolis), the seat of Cluj county, is one of the most important academic, cultural and industrial centers in Romania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... Ancient Theater, Plovdiv International Fair, Plovdiv Plovdiv is a city in Bulgaria and the capital of the Plovdiv Oblast (district). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Chelyabinsk (Russian: ) is a Russian city just to the east of the Ural Mountains, on Miass River, at to . ...

References

  1. ^ a b American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ US Board on Geographic Names. United States Geological Survey (2007-10-25). Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ http://www.primacy.com/resources/PRIM-5472.pdf
  4. ^ Where to Retire magazine, January/February 2007 edition.
  5. ^ The Best Retirement Cities and Towns in the U.S. - Home prices, demographics, environment, crime, etc
  6. ^ Top Ranked Retirement Cities in the U.S
  7. ^ South Columbia Development Corporation
  8. ^ http://chronicle.com/temp/email2.php?id=czpnTTzqqrsrkfq3Ht4cfqHdSZkQynYB
  9. ^ The Academic Halls of Stupidity: Success Equals Effort by Walter Williams - Capitalism Magazine
  10. ^ [1],
  11. ^ research campus
  12. ^ Columbia Museum of Art
  13. ^ #35 Columbia SC - Forbes.com
  14. ^ bizjournals: Rank of medium metros for young adult job seekers
  15. ^ bizjournals: Which city is the jewel of the Sunbelt? - bizjournals.com
  16. ^ Small Business Resources for the Entrepreneur from Inc.com
  17. ^ http://www.careerbuilder.com/JobSeeker/careerbytes/CBArticle.aspx?articleID=554&?siteid=CBC_EmpSpot_bestcities&cbRecursionCnt=1&cbsid=8c4d645db35747828f5ef4b6d2c9276c-232933511-JH-5
  18. ^ http://www.expansionmanagement.com/smo/DocReserve/DocReserve_Content/1-List%20of%2050%20Hottest%20Cities(2).pdf
  19. ^ http://www.expansionmanagement.com/SMO/DOCRESERVE/DOCRESERVE_CONTENT/1B-TOP%20MEDIUM%20METROS.PDF
  20. ^ Growth Strategies For Companies On The Move
  21. ^ http://www.expansionmanagement.com/smo/DocReserve/DocReserve_Content/5-Star%20Knowledge%20Worker%20Metros(1).pdf
  22. ^ http://www.expansionmanagement.com/smo/DocReserve/DocReserve_Content/mayors%20challenge%20chart.pdf
  23. ^ Microsoft Word - 2005 CI Report new cover final _5_.doc
  24. ^ Innovista: Innovative Research and modern, urban lifestyle
  25. ^ [2]
  26. ^ Moore, John Hammond. Columbia and Richland County: A South Carolina Community, 1740-1990. University of South Carolina Press, 1993. ISBN 0-87249-827-1

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... InsertSLUTTY WHORES≤ non-formatted text here{| class=toccolours border=1 cellpadding=4 style=float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 20em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right; |+ United States Geological Survey |- |style= align=center colspan=2| [[Image:USGS logo. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

News from Columbia
  • The State Newspaper - Columbia's Main Newspaper
  • The Columbia Star - Local newspaper
  • The Columbia Star - Current articles
  • WIS TV - Columbia's NBC Affiliate
  • WLTX TV - Columbia's CBS Affiliate
  • WOLO TV - Columbia's ABC Affiliate
  • WACH TV - Columbia's FOX Affiliate
  • WZRB - Columbia's CW Affiliate
  • South Carolina Educational TV & Radio
Find more about Columbia, South Carolina on Wikipedia's sister projects:
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  • Official City Website
  • Columbia, South Carolina is at coordinates 34°00′N 81°02′WCoordinates: 34°00′N 81°02′W
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Nickname: Home of Hospitality, The most northern city of the South and the most southern city of the North, Chemicalville, The Capitol City C-Town Location of Charleston in West Virginia. ... For other uses, see Madison (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location in Wyoming Coordinates: , Country State County Laramie Founded 1867 Government  - Mayor Jack R. Spiker Area  - Total 21. ...

 
 

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