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Encyclopedia > Columbia, SC
Columbia, South Carolina
Seen from across the Congaree River. The dome of the statehouse can be seen just to the right of the bridge.

Columbia is the capital of South Carolina. As of the 2000 census, it has a population of 116,278. It is the county seat of Richland County. Download high resolution version (2297x1325, 2089 KB)Columbia, seen from across the Congaree River at the Gervais Street Bridge Image copyleft: Image taken by me, released under GFDL, Pollinator 04:50, Dec 31, 2004 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev... Download high resolution version (2297x1325, 2089 KB)Columbia, seen from across the Congaree River at the Gervais Street Bridge Image copyleft: Image taken by me, released under GFDL, Pollinator 04:50, Dec 31, 2004 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev... Congaree River at the fall line, Columbia, South Carolina The Congaree River is a short but wide river in South Carolina in the United States. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... State nickname: Palmetto State Other U.S. States Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Governor Mark Sanford Official languages English Area 82,965 km² (40th)  - Land 78,051 km²  - Water 4,915 km² (6%) Population (2000)  - Population 4,012,012 (26th)  - Density 51. ... The United States 2000 census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... A county seat is a town which is the capital of a county. ... Richland County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ...


The estimated population for the then two-county metropolitan area was 516,251 in 1999. In June 2003 the United States Census Bureau added four more counties to Greater Columbia's standard metropolitan statistical area. Using July 2002 estimates for all six counties (Richland, Lexington, Kershaw, Fairfield, Calhoun, and Saluda) leads to a metro area population of 664,229. A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or hubs. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Lexington County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Kershaw County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Fairfield County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Calhoun County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Saluda County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ...


Columbia is home to the main campus of the University of South Carolina. Fort Jackson is the largest United States Army Initial Entry (basic) training base and is located east of the city. The University of South Carolina (also known as USC, South Carolina, or simply Carolina) is a public, coeducational, research university. ... Fort Jackson is a United States Army Basic Combat Training (BCT) base located in South Carolina. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ...


Columbia is also home to the Columbia Inferno of the ECHL. In 2005, the former Capital City Bombers will relocate to Greenville, South Carolina. The Columbia Inferno are the East Coast Hockey League team based in Columbia, South Carolina. ... The ECHL is a professional minor-league double-A hockey association based in the United States and Canada. ... The Capital City Bombers are a minor league baseball team that plays in Columbia, South Carolina as a Class-A affiliate of the Boston Red Sox and a member of the South Atlantic League History The Bombers began their history in 1977 Shelby, North Carolina as the Shelby Reds. ... Greenvilles skyline at night. ...


Columbia recently gained a world-class sporting and event arena, the Colonial Center. This is part of a revitalization campaign which has also brought the city a new, modern convention center located near the arena, a planned Omni Hotel, and a Ruth's Chris steakhouse. Ruths Chris Steak House is a chain of over 85 steakhouses across the United States and around the world, most known today for being an upscale attraction, a departure from the prices in the chain as recently as twenty years ago. ...


Columbia's daily newspaper is The State. The city and its surroundings are served by Columbia Metropolitan Airport. This article is about the South Carolina newspaper; The State is also the name of a 1990s television series. ... Columbia Metropolitan Airport is the main airport for Columbia, South Carolina, located in the suburb of West Columbia. ...

South Carolina Statehouse

On February 17, 1865 during the American Civil War, much of Columbia was destroyed by burning while being occupied by Union troops under the command of General William Tecumseh Sherman. Against popular belief, Sherman did not order the burning of Columbia nor did his troops start the massive fire. The actual cause was retreating Confederate troops under Wade Hampton, who were ordered to burn several bales of cotton being held in the city. The burning of these key war materials was done under a standing Confederate policy to keep particular goods out of the hands of invading Union troops. While Federal troops tried to extinguish the cotton fires, as shown by eyewitness accounts from the time, cotton is notorious for being difficult to completely extinguish and based on burn patterns in the city, the burning of Columbia was most likely caused by the reigniting of the cotton bales. Examples of other cities that had fires originally caused by retreating Confederate troops in this similar manner, but latter blamed as being caused by Federal troops, was the burning of Richmond, Virginia in April of 1865. While not actually “burning Columbia to the ground”, Sherman did order the plunder and destruction of several key buildings of the Confederacy in Columbia, one of these being the Confederate Printing Plant on Gervais Street. Download high resolution version (1200x900, 806 KB)SC statehouse from near the corner of Garvais and Assembly Streets Image copyleft: Image taken by me, released under GFDL, Pollinator 04:18, Dec 31, 2004 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert... Download high resolution version (1200x900, 806 KB)SC statehouse from near the corner of Garvais and Assembly Streets Image copyleft: Image taken by me, released under GFDL, Pollinator 04:18, Dec 31, 2004 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ... The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the United States – forces coming mostly from the 23 northern states of the Union – and the newly-formed Confederate States of America, which consisted of 11 southern states that had declared their secession. ... Portrait of William Tecumseh Sherman by Mathew Brady William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, and author. ... There were three men in American history -- grandfather, father, and son -- called Wade Hampton: Wade Hampton (1754—1835), captain in the War of Independence and brigadier-general in the War of 1812; Wade Hampton (1791—1858), one of the wealthiest planters in the South; and Wade Hampton (1818—1902), Confederate... Richmond is the capital of the state of Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) of the United States of America. ...


Attractions

The historic Horseshoe at the University of South Carolina

University of South Carolina Horseshoe File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... University of South Carolina Horseshoe File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The University of South Carolina (also known as USC, South Carolina, or simply Carolina) is a public, coeducational, research university. ... Congaree Vista is a cosmopolitan section of Columbia, South Carolina, on the banks of the Congaree River which was revitalized during the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... The Riverbanks Zoo is a large zoo, aquarium, and botanical garden in Columbia, South Carolina. ... Five Points in Columbia, South Carolina is a shopping, restaurant, and nightlife area that attracts customers from the nearby University of South Carolina and throughout the Columbia metropolitan area. ... South Carolina State Museum Columbia, South Carolina The South Carolina State Museum, located in Columbia, South Carolina, is the largest museum in the Southeastern United States. ... A museum is typically a non-profit, permanent institution in the service of society and of its development, open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits, for purposes of study, education enjoyment, the tangible and intangible evidence of people and their environment. ... The U.S. Southern states or the South, also known colloquially as Dixie, constitute a distinctive region covering a large portion of the United States, with its own unique heritage, historical perspective, customs, musical styles, and cuisine. ... The University of South Carolina (also known as USC, South Carolina, or simply Carolina) is a public, coeducational, research university. ...

Geography

Columbia is located at 34°1'1" North, 81°0'38" West (34.017105, -81.010759)1. Autumn, winter and spring are mild, with occasional winter nights below freezing but rarely extended cold. The city is at its most beautiful in the spring when masses of azaleas and other spring flowers bloom. Summers can be very hot, and the city, like other cities of the southeast, is prone to atmospheric inversions, which trap ozone and other pollutants over the area. Shortcut: {{GR|#}} {{Cite:GR|#}} The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... Azaleas are flowering shrubs making up part of the genus Rhododendron. ... A temperature inversion is a meteorological phenomenon where air temperature increases with height. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 330.8 km² (127.7 mi²). 324.3 km² (125.2 mi²) of it is land and 6.4 km² (2.5 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 1.95% water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This article is about the unit of measure. ...


Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 116,278 people in the city proper, organized into 42,245 households, and 22,136 families. The population density is 358.5/km² (928.6/mi²). There are 46,142 housing units at an average density of 142.3/km² (368.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 49.22% White, 45.98% Black or African American, 1.73% Asian, 0.25% Native American, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.36% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. 3.03% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Shortcut: {{GR|#}} {{Cite:GR|#}} The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Hispanic, as used in the United States, is one of several terms used to categorize US citizens, permanent residents and temporary immigrants, whose background hail either from the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America or relating to a Spanish-speaking culture. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


42,245 households out of which 25.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.5% are married couples living together, 17.6% have a female householder with no husband present, and 47.6% are non-families. 37.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.8% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.21 and the average family size is 2.97. Marriage is a relationship and bond, most commonly between a man and a woman, that plays a key role in the definition of many families. ...


In the city the population is spread out with 20.1% under the age of 18, 22.9% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 16.6% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 29 years. For every 100 females there are 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 93.4 males.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Columbia, South Carolina SC (395 words)
Columbia is located in the center of South Carolina at the junctions of Interstates 20, 26 and 77.
Columbia was settled by Europeans in the early 1700s and chosen to be the site of South Carolina's new state capital in 1786.
Columbia was named for Christopher Columbus, and it was South Carolina's first planned city (wide streets arranged in a grid pattern) and the second planned city in the United States (Savannah was the first).
Columbia, South Carolina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (859 words)
Columbia's daily newspaper is 'The State' and its principal alternative newspaper is the "Free Times." Columbia is home to the headquarters and production facilities of ETV (and ETV Radio), the state's public television and public radio networks.
After remaining under the direct government of the legislature for the first two decades of its existence, Columbia was incorporated as a village in 1805 and then as a city in 1854.
Columbia is home to the main campus of the University of South Carolina.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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