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Encyclopedia > Columbia, Maryland
The People Tree statue has become a symbol of Columbia, Maryland.

Columbia is a census-designated place and planned community in Howard County, Maryland, United States. It began with the idea that a city could enhance its residents' quality of life. Creator and developer James W. Rouse saw the new community in terms of human values, not just in terms of economics and engineering. Opened in 1967, Columbia was designed to not only eliminate the inconveniences of then-current subdivision design, but also eliminate racial, religious, & income segregation. People Tree, Columbia, Maryland This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... A new town, planned community or planned city is a city, town, or community that was designed from scratch, and grew up more or less following the plan. ... Howard County is a county located in the central part of the U.S. state of Maryland, between Baltimore and Washington, D.C. The county was named for John Eager Howard, an officer in the American Revolutionary War and Governor of Maryland. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,417 sq mi (32,160 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37°53N to 39°43N  - Longitude 75°4W to 79°33... Rouse on the August 24, 1981 cover of TIME. James Wilson Rouse (April 26, 1914 - April 9, 1996) was a pioneering real estate developer civic activist, and later, free enterprise-based philanthropist. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Human beings are defined variously in biological, spiritual, and cultural terms, or in combinations thereof. ... Various Religious symbols, including (first row) Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Bahai, (second row) Islamic, tribal, Taoist, Shinto (third row) Buddhist, Sikh, Hindu, Jain, (fourth row) Ayyavazhi, Triple Goddess, Maltese cross, pre-Christian Slavonic Religion is the adherence to codified beliefs and rituals that generally involve a faith in a spiritual... Social class refers to the hierarchical distinctions between individuals or groups in societies or cultures. ... Segregation means separation. ...


Today, Columbia has a population of about 94,600 (making it the largest unincorporated community in Maryland). By the early 2000s, the town had inexorably acquired many of the characteristics of other contemporary U.S. suburbs, such as increasingly large private homes standing somewhat aloof on large parcels, and "big-box" retail stores accessible mostly by automobile. Rouse's ethos remains a strong influence upon the physical and political development of Columbia. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with unincorporated. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,417 sq mi (32,160 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37°53N to 39°43N  - Longitude 75°4W to 79°33... Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburbs are inhabited districts located either on the outer rim of a city or outside the official limits of a city (the term varies from country to country), or the outer elements of a conurbation. ...

Contents

History

The Rouse Company accumulated over 14,000 acres (57 km²), 10% of Howard County, Maryland (located between Baltimore and Washington DC), from 140 separate owners. This acquisition was funded by Connecticut General Life Insurance, at an average price of $1,500 per acre ($0.37/m²). In October 1963, the acquisition was revealed to the residents of Howard County, putting to rest rumors about the mysterious purchases. These had included the theory that the site was for a laboratory to study diseases and another that the site was intended to become a giant compost heap. The Rouse Company, founded by James W. Rouse in 1939 and publicly held since 1956, is a shopping mall and community developer. ... Howard County is a county located in the central part of the U.S. state of Maryland, between Baltimore and Washington, D.C. The county was named for John Eager Howard, an officer in the American Revolutionary War and Governor of Maryland. ... Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town[1][2] Motto: The Greatest City in America[3], Get in on it. ... Flag Seal Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location Location of Washington, D.C., with regard to the surrounding states of Maryland and Virginia. ... CIGNA (NYSE: CI) is a Philadelphia-based insurance company, the oldest stock insurance company in the United States. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ...


At this unveiling, James Rouse described Columbia as a planned new city which would avoid the leap-frog and spot development threatening the county. The new city would be complete with jobs, schools, shopping, and medical services, and a range of housing choices. The property taxes from commercial development would cover the additional services with which housing would burden the county. The planning process for Columbia included not only planners, but also a convening of a panel of nationally recognized experts in the social sciences, known as the Work Group. Meeting for two days, twice a month, for half a year, the Work Group suggested innovations that the planners should try in education, recreation, religion, and health care, as well as ways of improving social interactions. Open classrooms, the interfaith centers, and the then-novel idea of a Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) with a group practice of doctors (the Columbia Medical Plan) sprang from these meetings. Rouse on the August 24, 1981 cover of TIME. James Wilson Rouse (April 26, 1914 - April 9, 1996) was a pioneering real estate developer civic activist, and later, free enterprise-based philanthropist. ... A New town or planned community or planned city is a city, town, or community that was designed from scratch, and grew up more or less following the plan. ... Urban planning is concerned with the ordering and design of settlements, from the smallest towns to the worlds largest cities. ... The social sciences are groups of academic disciplines that study the human aspects of the world. ... People participating in summer luge as a form of recreation, in the Vosges. ... Health care or healthcare is the prevention, treatment, and management of illness and the preservation of mental and physical well-being through the services offered by the medical, nursing, and allied health professions. ... A Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) is a type of Managed Care Organization (MCO) that provides a form of health insurance coverage in the United States that is fulfilled through hospitals, doctors, and other providers with which the HMO has a contract. ...


The physical plan, with neighborhood and village centers, also were decided upon at these meetings. Columbia's “New Town District” zoning ordinance gives the developer great flexibility about what to put where, without getting approval from the county for each specific project. A typical zoning map; this one identifies the zones, or development districts, in the city of Ontario, California Zoning is a North American term for a system of land-use regulation. ...


The first village to be developed in Columbia was Wilde Lake. The first high school to open in Columbia was Wilde Lake High School[1], which opened in 1971 as a model school for the nation. Constructed in the open classroom style, it was razed and reconstructed on the spot in 1996. Wilde Lake is an artificial lake and a surrounding neighborhood, or village, located in the center of Columbia, Maryland. ... Wilde Lake High School is a secondary school located in Columbia, Marylands Village of Wilde Lake, one of 12 public high schools in Howard County. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


Master plan

To achieve the goals set forth by the Work Group, Columbia's Master Plan called for a series of ten self-contained villages, around which day-to-day life would revolve. The centerpiece of Columbia would be the Mall in Columbia and man-made Lake Kittamaqundi. Mall in Columbia, Interior View, Original Section The Mall in Columbia (sometimes called Columbia Mall) in the planned community of Columbia, Maryland, is a large regional shopping mall with five anchor department stores (Sears, JC Penney, Nordstrom, Macys, and Lord & Taylor) and over 200 specialty stores. ...


Villages and neighborhoods

The village concept is aimed to provide Columbia a small-town feel (like Easton, Maryland, where James Rouse grew up). Each village comprises several neighborhoods. The village center may contain middle and high schools. All villages have a shopping center, recreational facilities, a community center, a system of bike/walking paths, and homes. Four of the villages have interfaith centers, common worship facilities which are owned and jointly operated by a variety of religious congregations working together. Easton is a town in Talbot County, Maryland, United States. ...


Most of Columbia's neighborhoods contain single-family homes, townhomes, condominiums and apartments (though some are more exclusive than others). The original plan, following the neighborhood concept of Clarence Perry, would have had all the children of a neighborhood attend the same school, melding neighborhoods into a community and ensuring that all of Columbia's children get the same high-quality education.

  • Village - Neighborhoods (in rough order of opening)
    • Wilde Lake - Bryant Woods, Faulkner Ridge, Running Brook, The Birches
    • Harper's Choice - Longfellow, Swansfield, Hobbit's Glen
    • Oakland Mills - Thunder Hill, Talbott Springs, Stevens Forest
    • Long Reach - Phelps Luck, Jeffers Hill, Locust Park, Kendall Ridge
    • Owen Brown - Dasher Green, Elkhorn, Hopewell
    • Hickory Ridge - Clemens Crossing, Hawthorne, Clary's Forest
    • Dorsey's Search - Dorsey Hall, Fairway Hills
    • Kings Contrivance - Dickinson, Huntington, Macgill's Common
    • River Hill - Pheasant Ridge, Pointers Run
    • Town Center - Vantage Point, Banneker, Amesbury, Creighton's Run, and Warfield Triangle

Wilde Lake is an artificial lake and a surrounding neighborhood, or village, located in the center of Columbia, Maryland. ... Oakland Mills is one of the villages in Columbia, Maryland. ... Long Reach is one of ten villages comprising Columbia, Maryland. ... Hickory Ridge is one of the villages in Columbia, Maryland. ... Kings Contrivance is one of the villages in the planned community of Columbia, Maryland, and is home to about 11,000 residents. ... River Hill is the last village to be developed in the new town of Columbia, Maryland, though its mailing address is in Clarksville. ...

Columbia today

In 2006, Money magazine ranked Columbia (together with Ellicott City, its neighbor to the north) #4 out of the 100 "Best Places to Live" in the United States. [1] Money is a Time Warner financial magazine. ... Ellicott City is a census-designated place located in Howard County, Maryland. ...


Education and libraries

Columbia's schools are operated by the Howard County Public School System. The Howard County Public School System is the public school system of Howard County, Maryland. ...


As of the 2004-05 school year, Howard County has 37 elementary, 18 middle and 12 high schools [2], Howard Community College, and several graduate degree programs. All twelve of the county's high schools -- Atholton[3], Centennial[4], Glenelg[5], Hammond[6], Howard[7], Long Reach[8], Marriotts Ridge[9], Mt. Hebron[10], Oakland Mills[11], Reservoir[12], River Hill[13], and Wilde Lake[14] -- serve the students of Columbia. Howard County is a county located in the central part of the U.S. state of Maryland, between Baltimore and Washington, D.C. The county was named for John Eager Howard, an officer in the American Revolutionary War and Governor of Maryland. ... Howard Community College is a community college in Columbia, Howard County, Maryland. ... Hammond High School is a secondary school located in Columbia, Maryland near the Kings Contrivance Village Center. ... External links Official Howard High School website Howard High School profile (PDF) Categories: | | ... Long Reach High School is a public high school located in Columbia, Maryland. ... Mount Hebron High School is a public high school located in Ellicott City, Maryland. ... Wilde Lake High School is a secondary school located in Columbia, Marylands Village of Wilde Lake, one of 12 public high schools in Howard County. ...


There are also six public library branches in Howard County, two of which -- the Central Library in Town Center and the East Columbia Branch in Owen Brown -- are located in Columbia --- www.hclibrary.org.


Health

Medical care is available in the recently renovated Howard County General Hospital, affiliated with Baltimore's famous Johns Hopkins Hospital. The Columbia Medical Plan was the city's largest health maintenance organization (HMO). In more recent years, however, this plan has divided into separate medical groups that simply share the Twin Knolls buildings. Howard County General Hospital is a non-profit hospital affiliated with Baltimores Johns Hopkins Hospital and located in Columbia, Maryland, at the intersection of Cedar Lane and Little Patuxent Parkway, in the Village of Hickory Ridge. ... The Johns Hopkins Hospital is a teaching hospital in Baltimore, Maryland. ...


Shopping

The Mall in Columbia is a large regional shopping mall with five anchor department stores (Nordstrom, Lord & Taylor, Sears, Macy's, and JC Penney) and over 200 stores and restaurants. Also containing a 14-screen AMC movie theater, an LL Bean retail store, and a Cheesecake Factory restaurant, the Mall is a societal center for the community and is located in Town Center. Mall in Columbia, Interior View, Original Section The Mall in Columbia (sometimes called Columbia Mall) in the planned community of Columbia, Maryland, is a large regional shopping mall with five anchor department stores (Sears, JC Penney, Nordstrom, Macys, and Lord & Taylor) and over 200 specialty stores. ... It has been suggested that Retail park be merged into this article or section. ... The interior of a typical Macys department store. ... Nordstrom, Inc. ... Lord & Taylor, based in New York, New York, is the oldest department store chain in the United States. ... Sears Holdings Corporation NASDAQ: SHLD is the third largest retailer in the United States, behind Wal-Mart and The Home Depot. ... Macys is a chain of American department stores with its flagship store in Herald Square, New York City, which has been billed as the worlds largest store since completion of the Seventh Avenue addition in 1924. ... J. C. Penney Company, Inc. ... Categories: Stub | Theatres ... A typical multiplex (AMC Promenade 16 in Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, California). ... L.L. Bean is a retail and catalog company based in Freeport, Maine, specializing in outdoor equipment and clothing. ... The Cheesecake Factory, Inc. ...


There are several other major shopping centers in the Columbia area, including Snowden Square, Columbia Crossing I and II, Dobbin Center, Gateway Overlook (under construction), Ellicott City's Long Gate Shopping Center, and Hanover's Arundel Mills (in neighboring Anne Arundel County). Main Street, Ellicott City Ellicott City is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Howard County, Maryland, United States. ... Hanover, Maryland, is a locality in northwestern Anne Arundel County, located south of Baltimore near the Howard County line. ... The Rowhouse entrance in Neighborhood 1 at Arundel Mills Mall Arundel Mills is a mega-mall located in Hanover, Maryland (south of Baltimore, near BWI Airport) and owned by Mills Corporation. ... Anne Arundel County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. ...


Columbia's nine "village centers" provide residents with nearby shopping as well, often including grocery stores, gas stations, liquor stores, dry cleaners, restaurants, and hair salons. The layout of some of the older village centers is frequently criticized. Individual stores are not visible from the road (unlike traditional strip malls), making it difficult for newcomers and non-residents to know what shopping is available. At the same time, this setup is praised by some for eliminating much of the garishness of roadside America. A grocery store is a store established primarily for the retailing of food. ... Modern gas station A filling station, gas station or petrol station is a facility that sells fuel for road motor vehicles – usually petrol (US: gas/gasoline), diesel fuel and LPG. The term gas station is mostly particular to the United States of America and Canada, where petrol is known... Spirits redirects here. ... Dry cleaning is any cleaning process for clothing and textiles using an organic solvent other than water. ... Toms Restaurant, a restaurant in New York made familiar by Suzanne Vega and the television sitcom Seinfeld A restaurant is an establishment that serves prepared food and beverages to order, to be consumed on the premises. ... A hair salon is a place where one goes to get their hair cut, as well as styled, highlighted or coloured. ... The Mall, an out-of-town shopping centre at Patchway, near Bristol, England. ...


Work

Jim Rouse conceived of a city, not a suburban bedroom community, and Columbia is today an "edge city" in the terminology of Joel Garreau. There are 15 office, industrial, and research parks in Columbia. Most are at the eastern and southern edges (such as the sprawling Columbia Gateway Center), but a number of office and residential high-rise buildings are located in Town Center surrounding the Mall in Columbia. Although many residents commute to nearby Baltimore and Washington, D.C., the business complexes in and around Columbia have grown drastically in recent years in response to increased population in the town as well as to a broader expansion of the Baltimore-Washington corridor. Many residents work for the government and nearby U.S. Department of Defense facilities (such as Fort Meade and the National Security Agency, or NSA). Rouse on the August 24, 1981 cover of TIME. James Wilson Rouse (April 26, 1914 - April 9, 1996) was a pioneering real estate developer civic activist, and later, free enterprise-based philanthropist. ... Commuters waiting for the morning train in Maplewood, New Jersey A bedroom community, dormitory town, or commuter town is a community that is primarily residential in character, with most of its workers commuting to a nearby town or city to earn their livelihood. ... Edge city is an American term for a relatively new concentration of business, shopping and entertainment outside a traditional urban area, in what had recently been a residential suburb or semi-rural community. ... Joel Garreau (born 1948) is a journalist and author. ... The United States Department of Defense, abbreviated DoD or DOD and sometimes called the Defense Department, is a civilian Cabinet organization of the United States government. ... Fort George G. Meade, 5 miles (8 km) northeast of the town of Laurel, Maryland, is a semi-active US Army installation. ... The National Security Agency/Central Security Service (NSA/CSS) is the U.S. governments cryptologic organization. ...


Recreation

Merriweather Post Pavilion, a well-known outdoor concert venue, attracts many prominent performers. Recreation has always been an important part of the Columbia concept. The homeowners association, the Columbia Association, known to Columbians as "CA," builds, operates and maintains most of these facilities. CA operates a variety of recreational facilities, including twenty-three outdoor swimming pools, six indoor pools, two water slides, ice and roller skating rinks, an equestrian center, a sports park with miniature golf, a skateboard park, batting cages, picnic pavilions, clubhouse and playground, three athletic clubs including the 24/7 Supreme Sports Club, numerous indoor and outdoor tennis, basketball, volleyball, squash and racquetball courts, and running tracks. There are three lakes (Lake Kittamaqundi, Lake Elkhorn, and Wilde Lake) surrounded by parkland for sailing, fishing, and boating; 80 miles of paths for jogging, strolling and biking; and 148 tot lots and play areas. Nine village centers, 15 neighborhood centers, and four senior centers provide space for a large variety of community activities. There are a variety of fairs and celebrations throughout the year, including entertainment on the lakefront of Lake Kittamaqundi during the summer and the Columbia Festival of the Arts. Merriweather Post Pavilion, named for cereal heiress Marjorie Merriweather Post is an outdoor concert venue located among Symphony Woods, a 40 acre (162,000 m²) lot of preserved land that sits in the heart of Columbia, Maryland. ... The People Tree statue has become a symbol of Columbia, Maryland. ... 50 meter indoor swimming pool A swimming pool, swimming bath, or wading pool is an artificially enclosed body of water intended for recreational or competitive swimming, diving, or for other bathing activities that involve swimming, e. ... A water slide A water slide is a slide or tube with water flowing down it. ... Outdoor ice skating in Austria Ice skating is travelling on ice with skates, narrow (and sometimes parabolic) blade-like devices moulded into special boots (or, more primitively, without boots, tied to regular footwear). ... It has been suggested that road skating,All Terrain skating be merged into this article or section. ... A young rider at a horse show in Australia. ... Putt-Putt redirects here. ... A batting cage is an enclosed cage for baseball players to practice the skill of batting. ... Friends and family gather for a picnic in a public park in Columbus, Ohio, c. ... Clubhouse was a short-lived 2004 American drama television series starring Jeremy Sumpter, Dean Cain, and Christopher Lloyd. ... Modern indoor gymnasium with pull-down basketball hoops. ... A tennis net Tennis is a game played between either two players (singles) or two teams of two players (doubles). Players use a stringed racquet to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over a net into the opponents court. ... Sara Giauro shoots a three-point shot, FIBA Europe Cup for Women Finals 2005. ... Volleyball is an Olympic sport in which two teams separated by a high net use their hands, arms, or (rarely) other parts of their bodies to hit a ball back and forth over the net. ... Squash racquet and ball Players in a glass-backed squash court International Squash Singles Court, as specified by the World Squash Federation Squash is an indoor racquet sport that was formerly called Squash rackets, a reference to the squashable soft ball used in the game (compared with the harder ball... Racquetball racquet and ball Racquetball is a sport played with racquets and a hollow rubber ball on an indoor or outdoor court. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Wilde Lake is an artificial lake and a surrounding neighborhood, or village, located in the center of Columbia, Maryland. ... An Australian park A park is any of a number of geographic features. ... For the songs, see Sailing (song). ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering animals not classifiable as insects which breathe in water or pass their lives in water. ... // Boating, the leisurely activity of traveling by boat typically refers to the recreational use of boats whether power boats, sail boats, or yachts (large vessels), focused on the travel itself, as well as sports activities, such as fishing or waterskiing. ... Jogging is a form of trotting or running at a slow or leisurely pace. ... For other uses, see Bicycle (disambiguation). ... Combination playground structure for small children; slides, climbers (stairs in this case), playhouse A playground is an area designed for children to play freely. ... ...


Entertainment/Performing Arts

While possessing no true nightclubs or nightspots for local performing arts to flourish, Columbia does have a unique independent music scene of teens-to-early 20's residents. These residents perform in local independent bands. Bands such as Moment of Youth or (M.O.Y.) [who wrote a song denouncing the Columbia Association, and mentioning the People Tree (the song is appropriately titled "CA")], The Squints, Hobis, The Originals, The Greenhaus Effect, Roadside Attraction, Sacred Soul, alibi, and Katzi all hail from Columbia. M.O.Y. started as the high school band Half-Life from Columbia, MD. Drummer Bill Hawken and singer/songwriter Shane Berman decided they did not want to play mainstream-like rock anymore. ... The Originals in a 1960s promotional shoot The Originals were a successful Motown R&B and soul group during the 1960s and 1970s. ...


Transportation

Columbia's initial plan called for a minibus system connecting the village centers on a distinct right-of-way. This was never constructed, though minibuses were operated by the Columbia Association under the name ColumBus. These were eventually taken over by Howard County. Six Howard Transit bus routes now serve Columbia and connect it with its neighboring areas (such as Ellicott City and BWI Airport), while several Maryland Transit Administration (MTA) routes provide access to and from both Washington and Baltimore. In addition, proximity to Washington Metro stations in Montgomery and Prince George's counties provides public transportation to Washington, D.C., while the MARC commuter rail — which services both Baltimore and Washington — and easy access to Interstate 95 puts both cities within easy reach. In the United States of America, transit describes local area common carrier passenger transportation configured to provide scheduled service on fixed routes on a non-reservation basis. ... Howard Transit is the primary public transit system in Howard County, Maryland which grew from the former ColumBus bus system in Columbia, Maryland. ... Baltimore/Washington International Airport serves the Baltimore, Maryland and Washington, DC metro-region. ... The Maryland Transit Administration, sometimes called MTA Maryland to avoid confusion with other cities agencies called MTA, is a state operated transit service serving all of Baltimore, Maryland and the surrounding counties. ... The Washington Metro, or simply Metro, is the rapid transit system of Washington, D.C., and neighboring suburban communities in Maryland and Virginia, both inside and outside the Capital Beltway. ... The relevance of particular information in (or previously in) this article or section is disputed. ... Prince Georges County is located in the U.S. state of Maryland immediately north, east, and south of Washington, D.C. It is the wealthiest majority African-American county in the nation. ... MARC, prior to 1984 known as Maryland Rail Commuter Service, is a commuter rail system comprising three lines in the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... Interstate 95 (abbreviated I-95) is an Interstate highway that runs 1,927 miles (3,101 kilometers) north-south along the east coast of the United States. ...


Geography

Columbia is located at 39°12′12″N, 76°51′25″W (39.203573, -76.857034)GR1.

Location of Columbia, Maryland

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 71.6 km² (27.7 mi²). 71.4 km² (27.6 mi²) of it is land and 0.3 km² (0.1 mi²) of it (0.36%) is water. Adapted from Wikipedias MD county maps by Seth Ilys. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 88,254 people, 34,199 households, and 23,118 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,236.4/km² (3,202.0/mi²). There were 35,281 housing units at an average density of 494.3/km² (1,280.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 66.52% White, 21.47% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 7.30% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.63% from other races, and 2.76% from two or more races. 4.12% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... The Hispanic world Hispanic (Spanish: Hispano) is a term denoting a derivation from Spain, its people and culture. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 34,199 households out of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.09. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the CDP the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.7 males.


The median income for a household in the CDP was $71,524, and the median income for a family was $83,753. Males had a median income of $60,498 versus $41,501 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $32,833. About 3.4% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Columbia's Population History

1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 2000. ...

Sister cities

Columbia is a sister city to the planned cities of Cergy-Pontoise, France and Tres Cantos, Spain. This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Cergy-Pontoise is an agglomeration in France, in the Val dOise départment, northwest of Paris on the Oise River. ... Tres Cantos is a town of about 50,000 inhabitants, located in the autonomous community of Madrid, Spain 23 kilometers north of Madrid by Autovia M-607. ...


Famous Columbians

Image:Jayson Blair. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... A television reporter A reporter is a type of journalist who researches and presents information in certain types of mass media. ... Michael Chabon (born May 24, 1963) is an American author best known for his novel The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay, which won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 2001. ... The gold medal awarded for Public Service in Journalism The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical compositions. ... Self-portrait, by Frank Cho Frank Cho, born Duk Hyun Cho, is an American comic strip creator, writer and illustrator. ... Liberty Meadows is a comic strip and comic book created, written and illustrated by Frank Cho. ... White House executive chef Cristeta Comerford working in the White House kitchen. ... North façade of the White House, seen from Pennsylvania Avenue. ... Laura Lippmann is an author of detective fiction born in Atlanta, Georgia in 1959 and raised in Baltimore, Maryland (where she now lives) and went to high school in Columbia, Maryland (where she was the captain of the Wilde Lake High School Its Academic team). ... Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes Detective fiction is a branch of crime fiction that centers upon the investigation of a crime, usually murder, by a detective, either professional or amateur. ... Aaron McGruder (born May 29, 1974 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American cartoonist best known for writing and drawing The Boondocks, a Universal Press Syndicate comic strip about two young African-American brothers from inner-city Chicago now living with their grandfather in a sedate suburb. ... Cartoonist Jack Elrod at work. ... For the fictional character Ed Norton, see The Honeymooners. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Rouse on the August 24, 1981 cover of TIME. James Wilson Rouse (April 26, 1914 - April 9, 1996) was a pioneering real estate developer civic activist, and later, free enterprise-based philanthropist. ... Urban planners work with local governments to formulate plans for the short- and long-term growth and renewal of urban and suburban communities. ... A real estate developer (American English) or property developer (British English) makes improvements of some kind to real property, thereby increasing its value. ... Someone who practices Philanthropy. ... For the fictional character Ed Norton, see The Honeymooners. ... Linda Tripp at the time of the Lewinsky scandal. ... The Monica Lewinsky scandal was a political sex scandal emerging from a short-term sexual relationship between United States President Bill Clinton and a then 22-year-old White House intern, Monica Lewinsky. ... Air Commodore Sir Frank Whittle, OM, KBE FRS (1 June 1907–9 August 1996) was a Royal Air Force officer who invented the jet engine. ... A Pratt and Whitney turbofan engine for the F-15 Eagle is tested at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia, USA. The tunnel behind the engine muffles noise and allows exhaust to escape. ... RPG World is a web comic by Ian Jones-Quartey (a. ... RPG World is a webcomic by Ian Jones-Quartey (a. ... A musician is a person who plays or composes music. ...

External links

  • Columbia Association, Inc.
  • Columbia Village Associations including map
  • Community Information
  • Columbia, Maryland - a planned community
  • 2006 Money Magazine's 4th Best Place to Live in the US
  • Maps and aerial photos Coordinates: 39.203573° -76.857034°
    • Street map from Google Maps, or Yahoo! Maps, or Windows Live Local
    • Satellite image from Google Maps, Windows Live Local, WikiMapia
    • Topographic map from TopoZone
    • Aerial image or topographic map from TerraServer-USA
Flag of Maryland State of Maryland
Topics

Cities | Government | History | U.S. Senators and Representatives Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Maryland. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A state of the United States is any one of the fifty subnational entities referred to... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,417 sq mi (32,160 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37°53N to 39°43N  - Longitude 75°4W to 79°33... The following is the list of incorporated cities in Maryland, arranged in alphabetical order. ... The Great Seal of Maryland. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Maryland to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ...

Capital

Annapolis Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, site of first U.S. capital. ... Nickname: Americas Sailing Capital , San Diego East, Dogtown, Naptown Motto: Vixi Liber Et Moriar - I have lived, and I shall die, free Location in Maryland Coordinates: Country United States State Maryland County Anne Arundel County Founded 1649 Incorporated 1708 Mayor Ellen O. Moyer (D) City Council Richard E. Israel...

Regions

Baltimore-Washington Metro Area | Chesapeake | Delaware Valley | Eastern Shore | Southern | Western This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties. ... It has been suggested that Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV MSA be merged into this article or section. ... The Chesapeake Bay - Landsat photo The Chesapeake Bay where the Susquehanna River empties into it. ... The Delaware Valley, also known as the Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD Metropolitan Combined Statistical Area, is named for the Delaware River which flows through the region. ... The Eastern Shore of Maryland is composed of the states nine counties east of Chesapeake Bay. ... Southern Maryland counties. ... Western Maryland is the portion of U.S. state of Maryland that consists of Frederick, Washington, Allegany, and Garrett counties. ...

Cities Baltimore | Bethesda | Bowie | College Park | Columbia | Cumberland | Frederick | Gaithersburg | Germantown | Greenbelt | Hagerstown | Laurel | Rockville | Salisbury | Silver Spring | Takoma Park | Towson | Waldorf
Counties

Allegany | Anne Arundel | Baltimore City | Baltimore County | Calvert | Caroline | Carroll | Cecil | Charles | Dorchester | Frederick | Garrett | Harford | Howard | Kent | Montgomery | Prince George's | Queen Anne's | St. Mary's | Somerset | Talbot | Washington | Wicomico | Worcester The following is the list of incorporated cities in Maryland, arranged in alphabetical order. ... Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town[1][2] Motto: The Greatest City in America[3], Get in on it. ... Bethesda is an urbanized, but unincorporated, area in southern Montgomery County, Maryland, near Washington, D.C. It takes its name from a church located there, the Bethesda Presbyterian Church, built in 1820 and rebuilt in 1850, which in turn took its name from Jerusalems Pool of Bethesda. ... Motto: Growth, Unity and Progress Location of Bowie in the State of Maryland Coordinates: Country United States State Maryland County Prince Georges County Established 1916  - Mayor G. Frederick Robinson Area    - City 41. ... College Park is a city in Prince Georges County, Maryland, USA, United States. ... Nickname: The Queen City Location in Maryland Coordinates: County Allegany County State Maryland Country United States founded 1787 incorporated 1815 Mayor Lee N. Fiedler Area    - City 23. ... Location in Maryland Coordinates: Country United States State Maryland County Frederick Founded 1745 Mayor Brian Artusio (R) Board of Alderman Marcia Hall (D) Alan E. Imhoff (R) David P. Koontz (D) Donna K. Ramsburg (D) C. Paul Smith (R) Area    - City 52. ... Location in the State of Maryland Coordinates: Country United States State Maryland County Montgomery Founded 1802 Incorporated April 5, 1878  - Mayor Sidney A. Katz Area    - City 26. ... Germantown is the name of some places in the U.S. state of Maryland: Germantown, Anne Arundel County, Maryland Germantown, Baltimore County, Maryland Germantown, Montgomery County, Maryland -- This is the most common place referred to as Germantown, Maryland. ... Location in Prince Georges County, Maryland Founded  -Incorporated 1937 {{{incorporated}}}  County Prince Georges County Mayor Judith F. Davis Area  - Total  - Water 15. ... Nickname: The Hub City Location in Maryland Coordinates: County Washington Incorporated 1813 Mayor Robert E. Bruchey II Area    - City 27. ... Motto: Progressio Per Populum (Progress Through People) Location of Laurel in Maryland Coordinates: Country United States State Maryland County Prince Georges County Incorporated 1870 Mayor Craig A. Moe City Council Ward 1: Janis L. Robison Ward1: Gayle Snyder Ward2: Frederick Smalls (Pr. ... Map Political Statistics Founded 1717 Incorporated 1860 County Montgomery County Mayor Larry Giammo Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 34. ... Nickname: The Crossroads of Delmarva Location in Maryland Coordinates: County Wicomico County Founded 1732 Incorporated 1854 Mayor Barrie Parsons Tilghman Area    - City 29. ... Not to be confused with Silver Springs. ... Location Location in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United States Maryland Montgomery Founded Incorporated 1883 1890 Mayor Kathryn H. Porter Geographical characteristics Area     City 5. ... Towson is an unincorporated community and a census-designated place located in Baltimore County, Maryland. ... Waldorf is an unincorporated community in Charles County, Maryland. ... List of Maryland counties and independent city* Allegany County: formed in 1789 from part of Washington County. ... Allegany County is a county in the western portion of the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Anne Arundel County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town[1][2] Motto: The Greatest City in America[3], Get in on it. ... Baltimore County is a suburban county located in the northern portion of the State of Maryland. ... Calvert County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Caroline County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Carroll County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Cecil County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Charles County is a county in the south central portion of the U.S. state of Maryland. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Frederick County is a county located in the western part of the U.S. state of Maryland, bordering the southern border of Pennsylvania and the northeastern border of Virginia. ... Garrett County is the westernmost county of the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Harford County is a county located in the northeastern region of the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Howard County is a county located in the central part of the U.S. state of Maryland, between Baltimore and Washington, D.C. The county was named for John Eager Howard, an officer in the American Revolutionary War and Governor of Maryland. ... Location in the state of Maryland Formed 1642 Seat Chestertown Area  - Total  - Water 1,073 km² (414 mi²) 349 km² (135 mi²) 32. ... The relevance of particular information in (or previously in) this article or section is disputed. ... Prince Georges County is located in the U.S. state of Maryland immediately north, east, and south of Washington, D.C. It is the wealthiest majority African-American county in the nation. ... Queen Annes County is a county located on the Eastern Shore of the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Saint Marys County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Somerset County is the southernmost county in the U.S. state of Maryland, located on the states Eastern Shore. ... Talbot County is a county located in the state of Maryland. ... Washington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Wicomico County is located in the southeastern part of the state of Maryland. ... Worcester County (pronounced locally as either Wis-ter or Wuhr-ster) is the easternmost county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Columbia, Maryland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1836 words)
Columbia is a census-designated place and planned community located in Howard County, Maryland.
Opened in 1967, Columbia was designed to not only eliminate the inconveniences of then-current subdivision design, but also eliminate racial, religious, and income segregation.
Columbia is a sister city to the planned cities of Cergy-Pontoise, France and Tres Cantos, Spain.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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