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Encyclopedia > Colours, standards and guidons

Contents


Origins

The practice of carrying standards, to act both as a rallying point for troops, and to mark the location of the commander, is thought to have originated in Egypt some 5,000 years ago. It was formalised in the armies of medieval Europe, with standards being emblazoned with the commander's coat of arms. A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ...


As armies became trained and adopted set formations, each regiment's ability to keep its formation was potentially critical to its, and therefore its army's, success. In the chaos of battle, not least due to the amount of dust and smoke on a battlefield, soldiers needed to be able to determine where their regiment was. A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a group of battalions, usually four and commanded by a colonel. ... A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a group of battalions, usually four and commanded by a colonel. ...


In the British Army the medieval standards developed into the Colours of the Infantry, the Standards of the Heavy Cavalry, and the Guidons of the Light Cavalry.


As time passed, Regiments were awarded battle honours, which they emblazoned on their Colours, Standards and Guidons. They therefore became a link to the Regiment's past and a memorial to the fallen, and thus took on a more mystical significance than as mere identifying markers on the battlefield: they became the heart of the regiment, in which all of its history was woven. Such became the significance in this context that, for a regiment to lose its colours was (and still is) a major disgrace, with the capture of an enemy's colours (or equivalent) being seen as a great honour. This is why that, whenever the colours are paraded, they are always escorted by armed guards and paid the highest compliments by all soldiers and officers, second only to the sovereign herself. The custom has been to award, to those units who took part, the right to display the name of a particular battle, campaign or war. ...


Due to the advent of modern weapons, and subsequent changes in tactics, Colors are no longer carried into battle; instead, they are carried in parades and reviews, and displayed in formations and ceremonies in rememberance of their former presence on the battlefield.[1]


Colours

United Kingdom and other Commonwealth nations

The Colours of the Infantry are a set of large flags, unique to each regiment, that the ordinary soldier would be able to identify straight away.

Queen's Colours (top) and Regimental Colours (bottom) of the Irish Guards (left) and the Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons) (right).
Queen's Colours (top) and Regimental Colours (bottom) of the Irish Guards (left) and the Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons) (right).

Colours of the Irish Guards and the Highlanders File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Colours of the Irish Guards and the Highlanders File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Line infantry and foot guards

In regiments of infantry of the British Army and the armies of Commonwealth countries, each battalion carries two colours, which collectively are called a stand. These are large flags, usually 36 in × 45 in, and mounted on a pike which is 8 ft 7½ in long; the King's/Queen's Colour (or President's Colour in a country where the British Monarch is not head of state) is usually a version of the country's national flag, often trimmed with gold fabric, and with the regiment's insignia placed in the centre. The Regimental Colour is a flag of a single colour, usually the colour of the uniform facings (collar/lapels and cuffs) of the regiment, again often trimmed and with the insignia in the centre. All regiments that are designated as 'royal' regiments (that is either have the word 'Royal' or the sponsorship of a royal personage in their name) have a navy blue Regimental Colour. The colours of the five regiments of Foot Guards have the pattern of the line infantry reversed, with the Queen's Colour being crimson and the Regimental Colour a variation of the Union Flag. Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Commonwealth of Nations (CN), usually known as the Commonwealth, is a voluntary association of 53 independent sovereign states, almost all of which are former colonies of the United Kingdom. ... Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO military graphic symbols A battalion is a military unit usually consisting of between two and six companies and typically commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel. ... A modern recreation of a company of pikemen. ... A national flag is a flag that symbolises a country and that can usually be flown by citizens of that country. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... A cap badge is a badge worn on the front of uniform headgear and distinguishes the wearers organisation. ... Foot guards is a term used to describe elite infantry regiments. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The Union Flag (commonly, the Union Jack) is the national flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. ...


Additional Colours
  • The Guards regiments each have at least one State Colour; this is usually crimson with various regimental devices and honours. They are only used by Guards of Honour, not found by the Queen’s Guard, mounted on State occasions when the Queen is present. They are only lowered to the Queen, the Duke of Edinburgh and, until her death, the Queen Mother. They are also lowered on other State occasions only when the Queen is present, even if the Guard of Honour is mounted in honour of some other personage.
  • The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment: The 1st Battalion, Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment, as the linear descendant, bears the Third Colour initially born by the 2nd Regiment of Foot, later renamed the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) which, for one reason or another, was never taken away from the regiment in the 18th century when new regulations on colours were implemented.
  • The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers: The 1st Battalion, Royal Regiment of Fusiliers, which is the direct descendant, bears the Drummer's Colour awarded after the Battle of Wilhelmstahl to the 5th Regiment of Foot (Royal Northumberland Fusiliers).
  • The Yorkshire Regiment: The 3rd Battalion, Yorkshire Regiment (Duke of Wellington's), as the linear descendent, carries the honorary Queen's and Regimental Colours that were given to the 76th Regiment of Foot by the Honourable East India Company following their actions at Delhi and Allyghur.
  • The Royal Highland Fusiliers: The Royal Highland Fusiliers (2nd Battalion, Royal Regiment of Scotland) carries the Assaye Colour awarded as an honorary colour to the 74th Regiment of Foot following the Battle of Assaye, which is paraded every year on Assaye Day.

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is the Queen of 16 independent sovereign states known as the Commonwealth Realms. ... The Duke of Edinburgh The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (Philip Mountbatten, formerly Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark) (born 10 June 1921, Greece) is the husband of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom. ... Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon as Queen Elizabeth. ... The Princess of Waless Royal Regiment (Queens and Royal Hampshires) is an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Queens Division. ... Official name The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers Colonel-in-Chief HRH The Duke of Kent Nicknames Motto Anniversaries St Georges Day (23 April) Minden (1 August) Marches Quick: The British Grenadiers Slow: Rule Britnnia Mascot Indian Black Buck named Bobby Description Infantry regiment Creation date 1968 Reason for creation... The Yorkshire Regiment (14th/15th, 19th and 33rd/76th Foot) is one of the new large infantry regiments of the British Army. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was a joint-stock company which was granted an English Royal Charter by Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600, with the intention of favouring trade privileges in India. ... It has been suggested that National Capital Territory of Delhi be merged into this article or section. ... Template:Royal Highland Fusiliers Royal Highland Fusiliers badge and Mackenzie tartan The Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margarets Own Glasgow and Ayrshire Regiment) is a regular Scottish infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Scottish Division, and known (for short) as The RHF. The regiment was formed on... The Royal Regiment of Scotland is the only Scottish line infantry regiment of the British Army. ... The Battle of Assaye occurred September 23, 1803 near the village of Assaye in south-central India. ...

Rifle regiments

Queen's Truncheon.

By tradition, rifle regiments do not carry colours; this goes back to their formation, when they were used as skirmishers and sharpshooters. While individual units may have had banners or pennants to distinguish themselves from other units, regiments as a whole never needed a full stand of Colours. Today, the two rifle regiments in the British Army, the Royal Green Jackets and the Royal Gurkha Rifles carry their battle honours on their drums, while the Green Jackets also have theirs inscribed on their cap badge. In place of a Regimental Colour, the Gurkhas carry the Queen's Truncheon. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (333x670, 23 KB) This image is protected by British Crown copyright. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (333x670, 23 KB) This image is protected by British Crown copyright. ... The Royal Green Jackets (RGJ) is an infantry regiment of the British Army, one of two within the Light Division (the other being The Light Infantry). ... The Royal Gurkha Rifles Nicknames Motto Marches Quick: Black Bear Double Past: Keel Row Slow: God Bless the Prince of Wales Anniversaries Meiktila (1 March) Medicina (16 April) Gallipoli (7 August) Delhi Day (14 September) Description Gurkha Infantry regiment Creation date 1994 Reason for creation Formed by uniting the 4... For other kinds of drums, see drum (disambiguation). ... A cap badge is a badge worn on the front of uniform headgear and distinguishes the wearers organisation. ... Queens Truncheon The Queens Truncheon is a ceremonial staff carried by the Royal Gurkha Rifles that serves as the equivalent of and is carried as the Colour. ...


Embellishments

Consecration of the new stand of colours of The Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons).
Consecration of the new stand of colours of The Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons).

Woven onto the colours are battle honours; the Queen's Colour has honours from the First World War and Second World War, while the Regimental Colour has honours from other campaigns. If the regiment has more than a single battalion, then there will be identifying marks on the colours to show which battalion they belong to. There are various other embellishments that can be added to the colours on various occasions: Consecration of the new stand of colours File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Consecration of the new stand of colours File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Official name The Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons) Colonel-in-Chief HRH the Duke of Edinburgh Deputy Colonel-in-Chief HRH the Prince of Wales Nicknames Motto Cuidich n Righ Marches Quick: The West Highland Laddie Description Infantry regiment Creation date 1994 Reason for creation Formed by the amalgamation ot... A battle honour is an official acknowledgement to recognize a military units achievements in specific wars or operations. ... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire The Dominion of Canada France Italy Russian Empire United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Douglas Haig Sir Arthur Currie John Jellicoe Ferdinand Foch Nicholas II Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Reinhard Scheer Franz Josef I Oskar Potiorek Ä°smail Enver... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...

Because of their importance to the regiment, prior to a new stand of colours being presented, they are consecrated. Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... USA and USAF Presidential Unit Citation Please see Presidential Unit Citation for other versions of this award The Presidential Unit Citation is awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and allies for extraordinary heroism in action on or after 7 December 1941 against an armed enemy. ... The Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment is an infantry regiment of the British Army. ... Princess Patricias Canadian Light Infantry (PPCLI) is an infantry regiment in the Canadian Forces (CF), belonging to 1 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group (1 CMBG). ... The Royal Australian Regiment (RAR) is the main regular infantry formation in the Australian Army. ... The Royal Australian Regiment (RAR) is the main regular infantry formation in the Australian Army. ... To consecrate an inanimate object is to dedicate it in a ritual to a special purpose, usually religious. ...


Royal Hospital, Chelsea

The Sovereign's Mace
The Sovereign's Mace

The Royal Hospital, Chelsea had neither colours nor other distinctive device during its entire history, until 2002 when Her Majesty the Queen presented the Hospital with the Sovereign's Mace. This is now paraded by a party of In-Pensioners at all of the Royal Hospital's ceremonial events Sovereigns Mace of the Royal Hospital, Chelsea; from the Royal Hospital Website File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Sovereigns Mace of the Royal Hospital, Chelsea; from the Royal Hospital Website File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Figure Court of Royal Hospital Chelsea The Royal Hospital Chelsea is a retirement home and nursing home for British soldiers who are unfit for further duty due to injury or old age, located in the Chelsea region of central London. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is the Queen of 16 independent sovereign states known as the Commonwealth Realms. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Chelsea pensioners in scarlet coats and tricorne hats at the Founders Day parade in the Royal Hospital Chelsea The term Chelsea pensioner is used to refer to an in-pensioner at the Royal Hospital Chelsea, that is, a former British soldier who lives within the Royal Hospital. ...


Royal Marines

The Corps of Royal Marines has a single pattern Queen's Colour, which is the Union Flag with the foul anchor and the reigning sovereign's cypher interlaced in the centre. Above is a scroll with the single battle honour Gibraltar surmounted by St Edward's Crown. Below is the globe surrounded by a laurel wreath and below this is a scroll with the Corps' motto. Each of the three commandos (the battalion-sized formations that make up the bulk of the corps) has a Queen's Colour, with the only difference being the colour of the cords and tassels. Each commando also has its own Regimental Colour. The Regimental Colour is a dark blue flag (because the Corps is classed as a 'royal regiment') with a small Union Flag at the pike head. The Colour carries similar central embellishments as the Queen's Colour, with the exception that the cypher of George IV replaces that of the reigning monarch and the unit numeral is below. The Royal Cypher is at the other corners. The Regimental Colours also have the coloured cords and tassels, which are gold combined with the following colours: Her Majestys Royal Marines, also known as the Royal Marines (RM), are the Royal Navys Light Infantry, the United Kingdoms amphibious force and specialists in Arctic and Mountain Warfare. ... Coronation Chair and Regalia of England St Edwards Crown is one of the British Crown Jewels used primarily in the coronation of a new monarch. ...

NB: The Fleet Protection Group carries on the traditions of 43 Commando, and has custody of the unit's Colours. Official name Her Majestys Royal Marines Captain-General HRH The Duke of Edinburgh Nicknames Royals Motto Per Mare Per Terram Anniversaries 23 April 1918 - The Raid on Zeebrugge 28 April 1915 - Gallipoli 6 June 1944 - The Landings in Normandy 7 June 1761 - The Battle of Belle Isle 14 June... Official name Her Majestys Royal Marines Captain-General HRH The Duke of Edinburgh Nicknames Royals Motto Per Mare Per Terram Anniversaries 23 April 1918 - The Raid on Zeebrugge 28 April 1915 - Gallipoli 6 June 1944 - The Landings in Normandy 7 June 1761 - The Battle of Belle Isle 14 June... Fleet Prtection Group Royal Marines Fleet Protection Group Royal Marines Security of nuclear weapons at Faslane, HM Naval Base Clyde is part of the Groups responsibilities The Fleet Protection Group Royal Marines (FPGRM), formerly Comacchio Company Royal Marines (1980-1983) and Comacchio Group Royal Marines (1983-2001), is a... 45 (RM) Commando is a battalion sized formation of the British Royal Marines. ... Fleet Prtection Group Royal Marines Fleet Protection Group Royal Marines Security of nuclear weapons at Faslane, HM Naval Base Clyde is part of the Groups responsibilities The Fleet Protection Group Royal Marines (FPGRM), formerly Comacchio Company Royal Marines (1980-1983) and Comacchio Group Royal Marines (1983-2001), is a...


The former 41 Commando was awarded the Distinguished Unit Citation for its service in the Korean War, and was thus permitted to carry the streamer on its Regimental Colour. USA and USAF Presidential Unit Citation Please see Presidential Unit Citation for other versions of this award The Presidential Unit Citation is awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and allies for extraordinary heroism in action on or after 7 December 1941 against an armed enemy. ... Combatants Western Allied/UN combatants: Republic of Korea United States United Kingdom Communist combatants: Democratic People’s Republic of Korea People’s Republic of China Soviet Union Commanders Douglas MacArthur Mark W. Clark Matthew Ridgway Jeong Il-Gwon Syngman Rhee Kim Il-sung, Peng Dehuai Strength Note: All figures may...

  • Colours of the Royal Marines

The Royal Navy

The Queen's Colour of the Royal Navy (top) and The Queen's Colour for the Royal Air Force in the United Kingdom (bottom).

The Royal Navy and has its own Queen's Colour which is a variation of the White Ensign, with its dimensions altered to mirror those of the Colours of infantry regiments. In the centre is the Royal Cypher of the reigning monarch within the Garter, surmounted by the crown. Download high resolution version (325x619, 33 KB)Queens Colours of the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (325x619, 33 KB)Queens Colours of the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... The White Ensign. ... Look up Cypher in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Cypher can refer to several topics: A cipher, an algorithm for encryption Cypher (UAV), an unmanned aerial vehicle Cypher (The Matrix), a character in the film, The Matrix Cypher (comics), a superhero from Marvel comics Cypher (movie), a 2002 movie Cypher (freestyle... The Garter is the most recognizable insignia of the Order of the Garter. ... Coronation Chair and Regalia of England St Edwards Crown is one of the British Crown Jewels used primarily in the coronation of a new monarch. ...


The Royal Air Force

RAF Colours are made of sky blue silk and measure approximately 36" x 36". The following colours have been awarded:

  • RAF College, Cranwell, approved 27 December 1947, presented 6 July 1948.
  • The RAF in the UK]], approved 27 December 1947, presented, 16 May 1951.
  • No. 1 School of Technical Training, approved 27 December 1947, presented 25 July 1952.
  • RAF Regiment, presented 17 March 1953.
  • Near East Air Force, presented 14 October 1960, laid up 31 May 1976.
  • Far East Air Force, presented 13 July 1961, laid up 30 January 1972.
  • Central Flying School, presented 26 June 1969.
  • RAF Germany, presented 16 September 1970, laid up 27 June 1993.
  • Royal Auxiliary Air Force, presented 12 June 1989.
  • RAF Halton, presented 31 October 1997.

The Queen's Colour for the Royal Air Force in the United Kingdom is a variation of the RAF Ensign with its dimensions altered. The RAF Roundel is moved to the lower fly, with its place in the centre again taken by the Royal Cypher surmounted by the crown. Other colours feature the unit's badge in the centre with the Royal Cypher and crown in the first quarter. RAF Cranwell is a Royal Air Force station in Lincolnshire close to the village of Cranwell, near Sleaford. ... No 1 School of Technical Training (No 1 SoTT) is the Royal Air Forces aircraft engineering school. ... The Royal Air Force Regiment is a specialist corps within the Royal Air Force, responsible for capturing and defending airfields and associated installations. ... The RAF Far East Air Force was the command organisation that controlled all Royal Air Force assets in the east of Asia. ... The Royal Auxiliary Air Force (RAuxAF) is the volunteer reserve part of the Royal Air Force. ... RAF Halton is one of the larger Royal Air Force (RAF) stations in the United Kingdom, located near the village of Halton, Buckinghamshire. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ...


Australia and Canada

The naval and air forces of both Australia and Canada also have similar colours based on their own ensigns:


Navy

Queen's Colours of the RAN and CFMC.
Queen's Colours of the RAN and CFMC.
  • Royal Australian Navy: The Queen's Colour of the RAN is a variation of the Australian White Ensign - it is a reverse of the Australian flag (white with blue stars), with the Royal Cypher and Garter band positioned between the Commonwealth Star and the stars representing the Southern Cross.
  • Canadian Forces Maritime Command (the 'navy'): The Queen's Colour of Maritime Command is a variation of the Canadian Naval Jack - it is white, with the Canadian flag in the canton, the Royal Cypher for Canada in the centre and the symbol of the navy in the lower fly. The edge of the Colour is trimmed in gold.

Queens Colours of the RAN and the RCN File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Queens Colours of the RAN and the RCN File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the naval branch of the Australian Defence Force. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 The Australian Flag at full mast. ... Flag ship HMCS Algonquin, HMCS , and HMCS Protecteur. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 (1965–Present) The National Flag of Canada, popularly known as the Maple Leaf and lUnifolié (French for the one-leaved), is a base red flag with a white square in its centre featuring a stylized, 11-pointed, red maple leaf. ...

Air Force

  • Royal Australian Air Force: The Queen's Colour of the RAAF is similar to that of the RAF - however, in addition to the RAAF roundel, which is in the lower fly, it has the Commonwealth Star in the lower hoist and the stars of the Southern Cross in the upper fly, with the Royal Cypher in the centre. The flag has a border of golden wattle as well as golden fringe.
  • Canadian Forces Air Command (the 'air force'): The Queen's Colour of Air Command is significantly different from the standard in that it is not based on the ensign but instead is similar to the Queen's Colour of infantry regiments: it is a silk national flag of Canada with a red circlet on the maple leaf inscribed with the name of the command, surrounding the royal cipher, and ensigned with the royal crown. Uniquely among Commonwealth air forces, the Canadian air force also has a Command Colour, analogous to an infantry Regimental Colour. This is light blue with the command badge in the centre and a gold maple leaf in each corner, stems outward.
US Army National Color.
US Army National Color.
US Army Organizational Color pattern.
US Army Organizational Color pattern.

The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) is the air force branch of the Australian Defence Force. ... Wattle has several meanings: In engineering terms, originally wattle referred collectively to the flexible rods, branches or twigs from various plants woven together to make fences, walls and roofs (see wattle-and-daub). ... CF-18 Hornet CC-115 Buffalo CT-114 Tutor Canadian Forces Air Command (AIRCOM) is the air force element of the Canadian Forces. ... Image File history File links Military_Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Image File history File links Military_Flag_of_the_United_States. ... US Organizational Color File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... US Organizational Color File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

United States

In the US Army, most regiments, battalions of regiments and separate battalions also have a stand of colours. The first is the National Color, which is a 36in × 48in version of the national flag trimmed with a 2.5in wide gold fringe, and is the equivalent of the Queen's Colour in the British Army. (NB: In the Navy and Marine Corps, the National Color has no gold fringe, and is instead decorated with red, white and blue cords and tassels). The second is the Organizational Color, which is the equivalent of the Regimental Colour; this is the same dimensions as the National Color, but is of a single colour representing the branch of the service that the unit is from; each branch also has its own fringe colour, which the Organizational Color is trimmed with. In the centre of the Color is the eagle from the Great Seal of the United States, but with the regimental coat of arms in the shield. The eagle has in its beak a scroll bearing the regimental motto, with the crest of the regiment's coat of arms above it and the regiment's name below. The Organizational Color was carried in lieu of a National Color until shortly before the Civil War, when the Stars and Stripes became the National Color.[1] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... National flag and ensign. ... Genera Eagles are large birds of prey, who inhabit mainly the Old World, with only two species (Bald Eagle and Golden Eagle) in North America, a few in South America and three (White-bellied Sea Eagle, Little Eagle and Wedge-tailed Eagle) in Australia. ... Obverse The Great Seal of the United States is used to authenticate certain documents issued by the United States government. ...


USAF groups have the same National Color as the Army; the Organizational Color is ultramarine blue, with the group's coat of arms beneath the USAF crest, which is an eagle on a cloud background. The fringe is in gold. The finial is a nickel or chrome plated spearhead for the Army, Air Force and Marines. Battle honours are displayed on the Organizational Color by the use of various coloured streamers attached to the top of the pike; these can either be War Service streamers, which are in the colours of the appropriate campaign medal and have the name of the campaign embroidered, or Unit Citation streamers, which have the name of the action embroidered and signify that the unit's performance in a specific action has been worthy of special mention. The streamers are 3ft × 2.75in. Seal of the Air Force. ... In heraldry, a crest is a component of a coat of arms. ... Cumulus of fair weather Different cloud types A cloud is a visible mass of condensed droplets or ice crystals suspended in the atmosphere above the surface of the Earth or another planetary body. ... In the days when battle was conducted at close quarters, it was necessary for soldiers to be able to determine where, during the heat of battle, their regiment was. ... General Name, Symbol, Number nickel, Ni, 28 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 10, 4, d Appearance lustrous, metallic Atomic mass 58. ... Chrome plating is a finishing treatment utilizing the electrolytic deposition of chromium. ...

  • Service Streamers
    • World War I: The streamer is the World War I Victory Medal ribbon which had a red centre with a rainbow on each side of the centre stripe and a purple edge.
    • World War II Asia-Pacific: The Asiatic Pacific Campaign streamer is yellow with a narrow blue, white and red centre stripe and a narrow white, red and white stripe on each side. The yellow colour represents Asia; the blue, white, and red stripes taken from the American Defence Medal refer to the continuance of American Defence after Pearl Harbor. The red and white stripes are the Japanese colours.
    • World War II Europe-Africa-Middle East: The EAME streamer is green with a brown stripe on each edge. The centre has a narrow blue, white and red stripe. On the upper portion is a narrow white and red stripe with a narrow white, black and white stripe on the lower portion.
    • Korea: The Korean Service streamer is light blue with a white centre stripe and a narrow white stripe on each edge.
    • Vietnam: The Vietnam Service streamer is yellow with three red stripes through the centre. It has a green stripe on each side.
    • Gulf: The Gulf Service streamer has buff stripes at the top and bottom, with a green stripe in the centre. In the centre of the green stripe is a thin black band, while the buff stripes have thin bands of blue-white-red (as seen from the edge of the streamer).
  • Citation Streamers
    • Presidential Unit Citation: The PUC streamer is all blue for the Army and Air Force, and blue-gold-red for the Navy and Marine Corps.
    • Valorous Unit Award/Navy Unit Commendation/Gallant Unit Citation: The VUA streamer has three red and two dark blue stripes, in between which are very thin white stripes. The NUC streamer is green, with thin bands of blue, yellow and red at the top and bottom. The GUC streamer has two main blue stripes, divided by thin bands of red at the top and bottom, and two bands of white/one band of red in the middle.
    • Meritorious Unit Commendation/Award: The MUC streamer is all red for the Army and green with thin bands of gold, blue and red in the middle for the Navy and Marines. For the Air Force, it is known as the Meritorious Unit Award, and has stripes in the order red-white-blue-white-red, with the red stripes divided by thin white bands.
    • Superior Unit Award/Outstanding Unit Award: The SUA streamer is red with a single green stripe down the centre. The OUA streamer has two blue stripes, divided by two white and one red bands in the centre, and with bands of red and white at the top and bottom.

US units are also permitted to wear streamers of overseas awards they may have been presented with. These streamers are in the colours of the appropriate medal ribbon.

In addition to individual regiments and battalions having their own colours, each branch of the services has an organizational color, which is called the ceremonial flag. Each of these is 4ft 4in × 5ft 6in, with a 2.5in gold fringe. All of them have attached campaign/battle streamers for actions in which the service as a whole has taken part. The US Army flag, for instance, currently has 178 service streamers.[2] The ceremonial flag is paraded with a National Color of equal dimensions. Awards and decorations of the United States military are military decorations which recognize a service members service and personal accomplishments while a member of the United States armed forces. ...


The United States National Color is never dipped in salute, but remains vertical at all times. The organizational colors and guidons are dipped. When the National Color is not cased, all persons salute the Colors.


Russia

Russian Armed Forces (top); Russian Army (middle); Russian Air Force (bottom).
Russian Armed Forces (top); Russian Army (middle); Russian Air Force (bottom).

For many years after the end of the Soviet Union, the military forces of Russia continued to use the old Soviet symbols on their colours, though with the hammer and sickle removed. At the beginning of the 21st century however, moves were made to give the Russian armed forces their own identity separate from the old Soviet era. Initially, the Colour for the whole armed forces was a plain red flag. However, in 2003, a new colour was adopted. This was red, with on the reverse the coat of arms of the Russian Federation, and on the obverse the symbol of the armed forces. Around the edge is a gold border, with a single red star at each corner. Written on the obverse is the motto Fatherland, Duty, Honour In addition, both the Army and the Air Force have their own individual colours; the army's is similar to that of the armed forces as a whole, with the national coat of arms on the obverse and the symbol of the army on the reverse. The air force's is divided into yellow and blue segments, with the symbol of the air force on the reverse. Russian armed forces colours Taken from [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Russian armed forces colours Taken from [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... // History Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, the Russians have discussed rebuilding a viable, cohesive fighting force out of the remaining parts of the former Soviet armed forces. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ...

  • Modern Russian colours (In Russian)

China

Army flags of the People's Republic of China (top) and the Republic of China (bottom).
Army flags of the People's Republic of China (top) and the Republic of China (bottom).

This details the two Chinas (People's Republic of China and Republic of China) Image File history File links China_Taiwan_army_flags. ... Image File history File links China_Taiwan_army_flags. ... The Republic of China governs Taiwan and some surrounding islands, and should not be confused with the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), which governs mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau. ...


People's Republic of China

The People's Liberation Army is the overall body for the entire armed forces of the People's Republic of China, and is represented by a single flag, which serves as a ceremonial colour for all regiments and larger formations. This is based on the national flag, but has instead of the four smaller gold stars the Chinese characters for the numerals '8' and '1', which stands for the 1st August, which was the date in 1927 that the PLA was founded. When paraded, the flag is fringed with gold, and is mounted on a red and gold pole. However, each branch of the PLA has its own flag, based on the Army Flag: This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Ratio 2:3 The Flag of the Peoples Republic of China, the Five-Starred Red Flag (五星红旗 in pinyin: wǔ xīng hóng qí), was designed by Zeng Liansong, an economist by trade and a talented artist who lived in Ruian (瑞安 ruì ān), Zhejiang. ... The Nanchang Uprising (Chinese: ; pinyin: Nánchāng Qǐyì) (August 1, 1927) was the first major Kuomintang-Communist engagement of the Chinese Civil War. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...

  • Ground forces: This is the Army Flag with the lower 40% coloured green.
  • Navy: This is the Army flag except that the lower 40% has three blue and two white horizontal stripes of equal width.
  • Air Force: This is the Army Flag with the lower 40% coloured air force blue.
  • Banners of the PLA

Republic of China

The army of the Republic of China (Taiwan) also has a single flag that it uses, which is red, with a blue rectangle in the centre and the white sun from the national flag. It has a red flagpole with silver spearhead finial and red tassels immediately underneath. Individual units use a variation of the Army Flag as their own identifying Colour; this features a white strip next to the hoist, which has the unit's name in black characters, as well as yellow fringe. The Republic of China Army (中華民國陸軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Lùjūn) is the largest of the military branches of the Republic of China (Taiwan). ... The Republic of China governs Taiwan and some surrounding islands, and should not be confused with the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), which governs mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau. ... National flag. ... In the days when battle was conducted at close quarters, it was necessary for soldiers to be able to determine where, during the heat of battle, their regiment was. ...


European monarchies

The top is a Danish regimentsfane; the middle is a Belgian drapeau/vlag (obverse); the bottom is a Belgian drapeau/vlag (reverse).
The top is a Danish regimentsfane; the middle is a Belgian drapeau/vlag (obverse); the bottom is a Belgian drapeau/vlag (reverse).

Download high resolution version (275x719, 30 KB)Colours of Danish and Belgian army From Flags of the World File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (275x719, 30 KB)Colours of Danish and Belgian army From Flags of the World File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Netherlands

In the Dutch armed forces, the Colour is orange. On obverse is the royal cypher of the monarch, with the unit's name underneath, both in gold; around the four edges is a laurel branch. On the reverse is the arms of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The shield is blue and is strewn with small upright rectangles; the main device is a crowned rampant lion, holding a sword in its upper paw. The lion and rectangles are gold, whilst the blade of the sword is silver. Supporting the shield on either side is a gold rampant lion, facing outwards towards the viewer. There is a gold crown above the shield; whilst below it is a blue scroll with the motto Je Maintiendrai in gold. The shield and lions are surrounded by a wreath of green palm leaves, and there is another wavy gold laurel wreath around the edge. Battle honours are added in the corners of the obverse; if additional honours are awarded, they are attached as streamers to the pike until the presentation of a new Colour. The Military Order of William or other decorations are attached to the pike when awarded. The pike has a finial of a lion on a block holding a sword and a bunch of arrows. Knights Cross of the Order of William The Order of William is the highest military order of the Netherlands which was first created in 1815. ... The practice of carrying standards, to act both as a rallying point for troops, and to mark the location of the commander, is thought to have originated in Egypt some 5,000 years ago. ...

  • Dutch Colours

Belgium

Infantry units have a drapeau / vlag, a square vertical tricolor of black, yellow, and red within a 15 mm wide gold border, the whole being 90 cm square. The names of battle honours for which the unit was cited are embroidered in gold in French on the obverse and in Dutch on the reverse, in straight lines.


Denmark

Danish infantry units carry a regimentsfane or bataljonsfane, which measures 105 × 140 cm. The flag is a variation of the Dannebrog, with a curvilinear white Dannebrog cross, set with its center about 1/2 the width of the hoist from the hoist edge. The royal cypher is embroidered in gold over the center of the cross, the unit badge in gold in the upper hoist, and the unit number and/or name in gold in the lower hoist. Some regiments have additional marks in the upper and lower fly. The Prince's Life Regiment, for instance, has Prince Henrik's cipher in the upper fly and the Queen Mother's in the lower, as one of its antecedents was the Queen's Life Regiment. The finial is an ornate gold openwork spearhead with the royal cypher in the center. Attached below the spearhead are one or more fanebander, lengths of red silk with gold fringe at each end, knotted around the pike, with the regiment's battle honors inscribed in gold. The color is decorated with a gold cord with two tassels and bordered with a thin strip of gold cord. The sleeve holding the color to the pike is attached with ornamental nails, the first three of which represent the sovereign, the Fatherland, and the Union. The Dannebrog. ... The Prinsens Livregiment (Princes Life Regiment) is an infantry regiment, one of two in the Royal Danish Army. ... Prince Henrik of Denmark, né Henri de Laborde de Monpezat (born June 11, 1934) is the Prince consort of Her Majesty Queen Margrethe II of Denmark. ... In the days when battle was conducted at close quarters, it was necessary for soldiers to be able to determine where, during the heat of battle, their regiment was. ...


Norway

Norwegian infantry units have a stand of colours - the first (King's Colour) is the national flag, while the second (Regimental Colour) is unique to each unit: The national flag The state flag The flag of Norway is red with a blue Scandinavian cross outlined in white that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog, the flag of Denmark. ...

  • Infantry: Norwegian line infantry units carry regimental colours, either of a solid colour or divided vertically into two or three stripes, with the Norwegian lion in the centre, the name of the unit, and battle honors embroidered on the field. The colours vary by regiment and derive either from historic associations with predecessor regiments or from the colours of the regiment's oldest known uniform.
  • Guards: The Norwegian Guards regiment has a regimental colour that is all white, again with the lion in the centre, and with the Royal Cypher of the reigning monarch in each corner.

Cap Badge of the HMKG Hans Majestet Kongens Garde (HMKG) (lit. ...

Spain

Standard Spanish Army Colour (top); Spanish Army Coronela (bottom).
Standard Spanish Army Colour (top); Spanish Army Coronela (bottom).
  • Standard Colours: Units of the Spanish Army have a single colour based on the national flag. This has the coat of arms in the centre of the flag, surrounded by the regiment's name in black. Red and yellow tassles are attached to the finial which have battle honours embroidered on them.
  • Coronelas: Up until the early years of the 20th century, some Spanish regiments had a coronela, or King's Colour in addition to their Regimental Colour based on the national flag. Although officially the only colour is the standard one, some older regiments continue to carry a copy of their old coronela which are used on some occasions to maintain regimental traditions. However, the coronelas no longer have any official standing and are not used on official occasions.

Spanish Army Colours File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Spanish Army Colours File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Military branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines, Civil Guard, Coastal Civil Guard Military manpower - military age: 20 years of age Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 10,569,785 (2000 est. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The flag of Spain in its current form was adopted on December 19, 1981. ... In the days when battle was conducted at close quarters, it was necessary for soldiers to be able to determine where, during the heat of battle, their regiment was. ...

European republics

Top: German Truppenfahne;Middle: French Drapeau (obverse); Bottom: French Drapeau (reverse)
Top: German Truppenfahne;Middle: French Drapeau (obverse); Bottom: French Drapeau (reverse)

Download high resolution version (242x705, 10 KB)French and German colours The German Colour is taken directly from Flags of the World, while the French Colours have been created using a French Tricolore and Paintbrush. ... Download high resolution version (242x705, 10 KB)French and German colours The German Colour is taken directly from Flags of the World, while the French Colours have been created using a French Tricolore and Paintbrush. ...

Germany

Units of the Bundeswehr have only a single Color. The Truppenfahne is a square version of the national flag with the Bundesadler (national shield) overall in the center. The flag is surrounded by a black, red, and gold lacework border and edged on three sides by gold fringe. The finial is a gilt bronze openwork spearhead surrounding a black and silver Iron Cross. Below the finial, a streamer is attached with the unit badge at the top and its designation embroidered in gold at the end. These streamers are red for army (Heer) units, blue for the navy (Marine), and white for the air force (Luftwaffe). The streamer is the same length as the hoist of the flag. The Bundeswehr ( ) (Federal Defence) is the armed forces of Germany and its administration. ... The flag of Germany was adopted in its present form in 1919. ... Categories: Stub | German coats of arms ... In the days when battle was conducted at close quarters, it was necessary for soldiers to be able to determine where, during the heat of battle, their regiment was. ... A stylized version of the Iron Cross, the emblem of the German Armed Forces The Iron Cross (German: Eisernes Kreuz) is a military decoration of the Kingdom of Prussia, and later of Germany, which was established by King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia and first awarded on 10 March 1813. ...


France

Regimental Colours of French Army infantry units are called drapeaux (flags) French soldiers of the IFOR in Mostar, 1995. ...

  • Foot Units: Infantry (including Marine Infantry, Legion Infantry, Paratroops Infantry), Engineers, Transmissions and Military Colleges.

An Army flag is a 90cm × 90cm Tricolore (about 1 × 1yd). It is a square Tricolore set on a 2m stave ended by a pike-shaped finial with a cartouche (one side "RF", the other side: name of unit). A golden fringed tricolour cravate is tied to the pike. In the days when battle was conducted at close quarters, it was necessary for soldiers to be able to determine where, during the heat of battle, their regiment was. ...

  • Obverse: The obverse of a colour carries in gold the words:
  • REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE
  • (NAME OF THE UNIT)

and the unit number or monogram encircled in antique oak and laurel crown, in gold too, in each corner.

  • Reverse: The reverse of a colour carries in gold the words:
    • HONNEUR (Honour)
    • ET (and)
    • PATRIE (Fatherland)

and the unit number or monogram in each corner as on the obverse. Below "honneur et patrie" are:

  • the unit's motto
  • the unit's battle honours

Italy

The Color (bandiera di guerra) for army units (other than cavalry) is a square version of the national tricolor in silk, 99 cm × 99 cm. It is mounted on a pike 2.2 m long, made of wood covered with green velvet and decorated with ornate brass nails arranged in a spiral. The pike is topped by a 35 cm high finial consisting of an ornate gilt brass spearhead chased with a five pointed star and the monogram RI (for Repubblica Italiana), which is in turn mounted atop a gilt brass ball on which is the name and date of establishment of the unit. The pike is adorned with two silver cords 67 cm long, each with a 10 cm long silver tassel and a blue silk cravat 8 cm × 66 cm with an 8 cm silver fringe at each end, to which the unit’s decorations are pinned, the ribbons of the decorations overlapping so that the medals hang down the cravat. National flag and state ensign. ... In the days when battle was conducted at close quarters, it was necessary for soldiers to be able to determine where, during the heat of battle, their regiment was. ...


Greece

All army regiments in Greece have a single colour or war flag. This is blue, with a white cross and features St George and the Dragon in the centre. This has no distinguishing features for individual regiments. Saint-George is a municipality with 695 inhabitants (as of 2003) in the district of Aubonne in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland. ...


Holy See

The flag of the Swiss Guard, the army of the Vatican City, consists of four quarters. The Coat of Arms of the current pope is in the first quarter, while the arms of Pope Julius II are in the fourth quarter. In the second and third quarters are horizontal stripes of red, yellow and blue, the colours of the unit's uniforms: Papal Swiss Guards in traditional uniforms Swiss Guards are Swiss mercenary soldiers who served as bodyguards, ceremonial guards and palace guards at foreign European courts from the late 15th century until the present day (in the form of the Papal Swiss Guard). ... The current Pope is Benedict XVI (born Joseph Alois Ratzinger), who was elected at the age of 78 on 19 April 2005. ... Julius II, born Giuliano della Rovere (December 5, 1443 – February 21, 1513), was Pope from 1503 to 1513. ...

Second Quarter Third Quarter
Blue Red
Yellow Yellow
Red Blue
Yellow Yellow
Blue Red

The flag also has the coat of arms of the commander within a wreath, on a background of the colour of his canton. The design of the flag changes with the election of a new pope and the appointment of a new commander. The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ...


South American nations

Brazil

Units of the army of Brazil carry two Colours. The standard of the Army measures 80 × 120 cm, white with the Army coat of arms in the centre, trimmed with gold fringe. The name of the service is inscribed in gold letters on a green scroll beneath the shield. Above the shield is a knight's helmet with red and sky blue mantling. The staff is topped by a nickel-plated lance-head finial, 32 cm high. Below the lance-head, there is a cravat (laço militar) divided lengthwise, sky blue and red, with a gold fringe at the end, tied in a bow and fastened with a cockade of blue with the Cruzeiro do Sul in white stars, red, and blue. Ten red streamers with campaign honors inscribed in sky blue letters are also attached below the lance-head. The staff is 212 cm long, not including the lance-head, and 3.5 cm in diameter. It is covered in sky blue velvet with a red spiral strip. The color belt is 10 cm in width, covered with sky blue velvet with red velvet stripes. A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... In the days when battle was conducted at close quarters, it was necessary for soldiers to be able to determine where, during the heat of battle, their regiment was. ... Cruzeiro do Sul is a Brazilian municipality that is located in the west of the state of Acre. ...


Brazilian army units also carry the national flag as a Colour. This is in the dimensions 90 × 128 cm. It is mounted on the same size staff and with the same finial as the Army standard, but the cravat is divided lengthwise yellow and green, with a gold fringe at the end, tied in a bow and fastened with a cockade of blue with the Cruzeiro do Sul in white stars, yellow, and green. The staff is covered in green velvet with a yellow spiral strip. The color belt is 10 cm in width, covered with green velvet with yellow velvet stripes of width and number varying with the rank of the organization's commander. National flag and ensign. ...


Chile

Units of the Chilean army carry one main Colour, known as the estandarte de combate (combat standard). This is the same as the national flag, but with an embroidered star and with the unit designation, honorific title, founding date and place, and, depending on the unit, other historic information and honours embroidered diagonally across the fly in gold. The flag is also trimmed with gold fringe. It is mounted on a staff with a gilt condor finial; below the finial is a cravat in the national colours with decorations attached. In addition to the military Colour, particularly distinguished units may carry a second Colour known as a bandera coronela (colonel’s colour). This is a red field with a large white five-pointed star. In the angles of the star are the names and dates of battle honors surrounded by laurel wreaths, all in gold, while in an arc above the star is the designation of the unit, also in gold. The flag is surrounded by gold fringe. Flag ratio: 2:3 The flag of Chile consists of two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red; there is a blue square the same height as the white band at the hoist-side end of the white band; the square bears a white five-pointed star in the... In the days when battle was conducted at close quarters, it was necessary for soldiers to be able to determine where, during the heat of battle, their regiment was. ...


Guidons and Standards

United Kingdom and Commonwealth

The Standard is the colours-equivalent for the Heavy Cavalry (ie: Horse Guards and Dragoon Guards). At 27in × 30in, on an 8ft 6in long pole, it is much smaller than infantry colours, so that it can be carried by a soldier on horseback.


The Guidon is the equivalent for the Light Cavalry (ie: Dragoons, Light Dragoons, Hussars and Lancers). It is swallow-tailed, 27in × 41in, with an 8ft 6in long pole.


The word 'Guidon' is a corruption of the French 'Guide Homme' - 'The Guide Man'. Originally each troop had its own, but this was quickly reduced to a single, regimental one. With the increased dispersion of troops required in the light cavalry role, their operational function had ceased by the 1830's and they were discontinued. The regiment's kettledrums, with the Battle Honours woven onto the Drum Banners (with the exception of 3rd The King's Own Hussars and its successors, where they are uncovered, with the Battle Honours engraved onto the kettledrums themselves) became the focal point of the regiment's loyalty. In 1952 King George VI reintroduced the Guidons of the Light Cavalry for ceremonial purposes.


Both the Standard and the Guidon are usually of crimson trimmed in gold and with the regiment's insignia in the centre. The regiment's battle honours are emblazoned on both the obverse and reverse, upto a maximum of 22 on each side. A cap badge is a badge worn on the front of uniform headgear and distinguishes the wearers organisation. ... In logic (and usually without being paired with reverse), obverse has a meaning close to contrapositive. ... Reverse may refer to: Obverse and reverse side of a coin changing the direction: of movement: forward - reverse, see gearbox of a design: see reverse engineering This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


United States

Main article: Guidon (US Army) In the United States Army, a guidon is a military standard that company-sized elements carry to signify their unit designation and corps affiliation. ...


In the United States armed forces, guidons are much more prevalent, with units below battalion size being authorized to use them. These are swallow tailed flags that are 20in × 27in, and are in the colour of the branch of the service the unit is from, with the branch's insignia the most prominent device. Also on the guidon is included the unit's identifying letter, and the number(s) of its parent unit. War service and campaign streamers are not attached to these guidons, but unit citation streamers can be. The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ...


Other nations

Denmark

Cavalry (armor) units carry an estandart, of similar design to the infantry fane, but smaller and square, with the cross centered on the field. The royal cypher is in the upper hoist and the initials of the regiment in the lower hoist.


France

In the French Army, mounted units carry étendards (standards). Mounted units include Armoured corps and Cavalry (including Dragoon Paratroopers and Legion Cavalry), Artillery (including Marine Artillery, Legion Artillery, etc.), Transportation, Army Aviation, Supplies. The étendard is a 64 × 64cm square flag identical to the drapeux carried by the infantry. French soldiers of the IFOR in Mostar, 1995. ...


Italy

In the Italian Army, cavalry units carry a stendardo (standard) of the same pattern as the bandiera di guerra, but which measures 60 cm × 60 cm. Military branches Esercito Italiano (Army) Marina Militare (Navy) Aeronautica Militare (Air Force) Carabinieri (Military police) The Guardia di Finanza is a specialized police and fight against financial crimes, illegal drugs trafficking, customs and borders control. ...


Guns

In regiments of the (British) Royal Artilley, and artillery regiments of other Commonwealth countries, the guns are afforded the status of colours. This is due to the difficulty of artillery regiments being able to carry flags onto the battlefield, and the fact that the guns themselves were the rallying points for the soldiers manning them. As a consequence, whenever artillery regiments parade, the etiquette that would normally be applied to the colours is applied to the guns. During the Battle of Balaclava, gunners abandoned their guns, causing disgrace, abandoning their colours. The Royal Regiment of Artillery, generally known as the Royal Artillery (RA), is, despite its name, a corps of the British Army It is made up of a number of regiments. ... Combatants United Kingdom, France Russian Empire Commanders Lord Raglan, General de Saint Arnaud Pavel Liprandi Strength Approx. ...


The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest regiment in the British Army, and not part of the Royal Artilley, is the only artillery regiment to have both colours and guns, which are treated with equal respect. HAC official seal The Honourable Artillery Company (HAC) is the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior. ... The Royal Regiment of Artillery, generally known as the Royal Artillery (RA), is, despite its name, a corps of the British Army It is made up of a number of regiments. ...


Etiquette

  • The Regimental Colour (or Standard or Guidon) is always paraded whenever the regiment is on a formal parade. However, the Queen's Colour is only paraded on certain occasions.
  • Compliments (for example saluting and presenting arms) are always paid to the (uncased) Colours.
  • When the Colours are being paraded, they are carried either by an officer or warrant officer, dependant on the regiment. The Colours always have an armed escort, the colour party, who would normally be non-commissioned officers.
  • When the Colours are not being paraded, most regiments house them in their Officers' Mess.
  • When a regiment is presented with new Colours, the old Colours, which will now never again be paraded, are laid up (ie: put on permanent display) in a place sacred to the Regiment (for example the Regimental church).

In military organizations, a commissioned officer is a member of the service who derives authority directly from a sovereign power, and as such holds a commission from that power. ... A non-commissioned officer (sometimes noncommissioned officer), also known as an NCO or noncom, is a non-commissioned member of an armed force who has been given authority by a commissioned officer. ... A non-commissioned officer (sometimes noncommissioned officer), also known as an NCO or noncom, is a non-commissioned member of an armed force who has been given authority by a commissioned officer. ... MESS is an acronym for Multiple Emulator Super System. ... A church building (or simply church) is a building used in Christian worship. ...

See also

A finial is a vertically mounted spike attached at the top of a building or structure. ... // Soviet Union Left: Obverse and reverse of the Colours of Guards regiments. ... Elizabeth II riding to Trooping the Colour for the last time in 1986 Trooping the Colour is a military pageant or ceremony performed by regiments of the Commonwealth and the British Army. ... The tricolour flag of France A flag is a piece of coloured cloth flown from a pole or mast, usually for purposes of signalling or identification. ... The design and description of flags typically uses specialised flag terminology with precise and technical meanings (a form of jargon). ...

External links

References

  1. ^ a b U.S. Army FM 3-21.5 PDF. Retrieved 16 August 2006.
  2. ^ U.S. Army Press Release, Army to award campaign participation credit and streamers for global war on terror. Retrieved 16 August 2006.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Military Colours - LoveToKnow 1911 (1559 words)
The colour has a gold fringe and gold and crimson tassels, and bears various devices and "battle honours." Both colours are carried by subaltern officers, and an escort of selected non-commissioned officers forms the rest of the colour party.
Regiments which have taken an enemy's colour or standard in battle have their own colours "decorated," that is, the cross of the Legion of Honour is affixed to the stave near the point.
The colour is fastened to the stave by silver nails, and the ceremony of driving the first nail into the stake of a new colour is one of great solemnity.
Colours, standards and guidons - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5489 words)
The colours of the five regiments of Foot Guards have the pattern of the line infantry reversed, with the Queen's Colour being crimson and the Regimental Colour a variation of the Union Flag.
Canadian Forces Maritime Command (the 'navy'): The Queen's Colour of Maritime Command is a variation of the Canadian Naval Jack - it is white, with the Canadian flag in the canton, the Royal Cypher for Canada in the centre and the symbol of the navy in the lower fly.
Both the Standard and the Guidon are usually of crimson trimmed in gold and with the regiment's insignia in the centre.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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