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Encyclopedia > Colorado Springs, Colorado
City of Colorado Springs
Colorado Springs Skyline
Colorado Springs Skyline
Nickname: The Springs, C-Springs
Location in El Paso County and the State of Colorado
Location in El Paso County and the State of Colorado
Coordinates: 38°51′48″N 104°47′31″W / 38.86333, -104.79194
Country Flag of the United States United States
State Flag of Colorado State of Colorado
County[1] El Paso County seat
Incorporated June 19, 1886[2]
Government
 - Type Home Rule Municipality[1]
 - Mayor Lionel Rivera (R)
Area
 - City 186.1 sq mi (482.1 km²)
 - Land 185.7 sq mi (481.1 km²)
 - Water 0.4 sq mi (1.0 km²)
Elevation 6,035-7,200 ft (1,832 m)
Population (2006)
 - City 372,437 (city proper)
 - Density 1,942.9/sq mi (767.25/km²)
 - Metro 609,096
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 - Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes[3] 80901-80951, 80960, 80962, 80970, 80977, 80995, 80997, 80919, 80907
Area code(s) 719
FIPS code 08-16000
GNIS feature ID 0204797
Highways I-25, US 24, US 85, SH 29, SH 83, SH 94, SH 115
Second most populous Colorado city
image seal =
Website: City of Colorado Springs

The City of Colorado Springs is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and most populous city of El Paso County, Colorado, United States.[4] At 372,437, it is the second most populous city in the State of Colorado and the 48th most populous city in the United States.[5] This count differs significantly with the Colorado Department of Local Affairs' 2007 estimate of 402,417.[6] In 2007 the Colorado Springs MSA had 609,096. [7] // A nickname is a name of an entity or thing that is not its proper name. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... El Paso County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Image File history File links Flag_of_Colorado. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... List of 64 counties in the U.S. state of Colorado: Colorado counties Adams County - formed in 1902 from part of Arapahoe county. ... El Paso County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The 270 active municipalities of the State of Colorado operate under one of five types of municipal governing authority:[1][2] Consolidated City and County – Only Denver and Broomfield have consolidated city and county governments: The City and County of Denver operates under Article XX, Section 4 of the Constitution... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Lionel Rivera is the Republican mayor of Colorado Springs (elected 2003). ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Mountain Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Mountain Daylight Time or MDT is the Mountain Standard Time Zone (or MST) during Daylight Savings Time. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area code 719 is the telephone area code serving the state of Colorado. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Signage used for Colorado SH. The top half is the flag of Colorado. ... Interstate 25 (abbreviated I-25) is an interstate highway in the western United States. ... The 270 active municipalities of the State of Colorado operate under one of five types of municipal governing authority:[1][2] Consolidated City and County – Only Denver and Broomfield have consolidated city and county governments: The City and County of Denver operates under Article XX, Section 4 of the Constitution... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... El Paso County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... ^ Active Colorado Municipalities as of September 18, 2006 (HTML). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... Ten most populous cities in the United States Los Angeles San Jose San Diego Phoenix Chicago New York City Houston San Antonio Dallas Philadelphia The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places in the United States. ... The Colorado Springs Metropolitan Statistical Area is a United States Census Bureau defined Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) located in the Colorado Springs region of the State of Colorado. ...


Colorado Springs is located just east of the geographic center of the state and 61 miles (98 km) south of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. At 6,035 feet (1839 meters) Colorado Springs sits over one mile above sea level, though some areas of the city are significantly higher. The city is situated near the base of one of the most famous American mountains, Pikes Peak, at the eastern edge of the southern Rocky Mountains. Colorado Springs was selected as the No. 1 Best Big City in "Best Places to Live" by Money magazine in 2006.[8] Colorado State Capitol Building The Colorado State Capitol Building, located in Denver, Colorado, is the home of the Colorado legislature. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in the State of Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country United States State State of Colorado City and County Denver[1] Founded 1858-11-22, as Denver City, K.T.[2] Incorporated 1861-11-07, as Denver City, C.T.[3] Consolidated... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre, or meter (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... This article is about the mountain in Colorado. ... For individual mountains named Rocky Mountain, see Rocky Mountain (disambiguation). ... Money is a Time Warner financial magazine. ...

Contents

Overview

The United States Census Bureau estimates that in 2006 the population of the City of Colorado Springs was 372,437 (48th most populous U.S. city),[5] the population of the Colorado Springs Metropolitan Statistical Area was 609,096 (84th most populous MSA),[9] and the population of the Front Range Urban Corridor was 4,166,855.[9] The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Ten most populous cities in the United States Los Angeles San Jose San Diego Phoenix Chicago New York City Houston San Antonio Dallas Philadelphia The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places in the United States. ... The Colorado Springs Metropolitan Statistical Area is a United States Census Bureau defined Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) located in the Colorado Springs region of the State of Colorado. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas. ... The Front Range Urban Corridor is an oblong region of urban population located along the eastern face of the Southern Rocky Mountains in the U.S. states of Colorado and Wyoming. ...

Pikes Peak towers over the city.
Pikes Peak towers over the city.

Today, Colorado Springs has many features of a modern urban area, such as parks, bike trails, urban open-area spaces, business and commerce, theatres and other entertainment. It was first established as a posh resort community, though the older mining supply center of Colorado City (now Old Colorado City) was merged later, and the tourist industry has remained strong and offers many activities and attractions. In July 2006, Money magazine ranked Colorado Springs the best place to live in the big city category, which includes cities with 300,000 or more people. [2] This article is about the mountain in Colorado. ...


Colorado Springs is not exempt from the problems that typically plague cities that experience tremendous growth: overcrowded roads and highways, crime, sprawl, and government budget issues. Many of the problems are indirectly or directly caused by the city's difficulty in coping with the large population growth experienced in the last 20 years and the annexing of the Banning Lewis Ranch area for 175,000 future residents. In 2004, the voters of Colorado Springs and El Paso County established the Pikes Peak Rural Transportation Authority [3] and adopted a 1% sales tax dedicated to improving the region's transportation infrastructure. Together with state funding for the Colorado Springs Metro Interstate Expansion (COSMIX)(2007 completion) and the I-25 interchange with Highway 16 (2008 completion), significant progress has been made since 2003 in addressing the transportation needs of the area.


A large number of religious organizations such as Focus on the Family and churches make their headquarters here, particularly Evangelical Christians. For decades, several high-tech businesses have resided in the city, including a number of computer chip manufacturers from Intel, to the chip foundry INMOS in the 1980s, to Hewlett-Packard since the 1960s. The Mountain West Conference has its administrative headquarters in Colorado Springs. Focus on the Familys Visitors Welcome Center in Colorado Springs, Colorado. ... Evangelicalism, in a strictly lexical, but rarely used sense, refers to all things that are implied in belief that Jesus is the savior. ... Integrated circuit of Atmel Diopsis 740 System on Chip showing memory blocks, logic and input/output pads around the periphery Microchips (EPROM memory) with a transparent window, showing the integrated circuit inside. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... INMOS Ltd. ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ... “Mountain West” redirects here. ...


Colorado Springs is also home to a large number of military installations (see below) and important national defense agencies. It is also home to the United States Air Force Academy. The United States Air Force Academy (USAFA or Air Force),[1] located immediately north of Colorado Springs in El Paso County, Colorado, United States, is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers for the United States Air Force. ...


History

General Palmer, City Founder

Statue of General William Palmer in front of Palmer High School.
Statue of General William Palmer in front of Palmer High School.

Colorado Springs was founded in August 1871 by General William Palmer, with the intention of creating a high quality resort community, and was soon nicknamed "Little London" because of the many English tourists who came. Nearby Pikes Peak and the Garden of the Gods made the city's location a natural choice. William Jackson Palmer (1836-1909) civil engineer, soldier, builder of the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad and founder of Colorado Springs, Colorado William Jackson Palmer (September 17, 1836 - March 13, 1909) was a civil engineer, soldier, and industrialist. ... William Jackson Palmer (1836-1909) civil engineer, soldier, builder of the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad and founder of Colorado Springs, Colorado William Jackson Palmer (September 17, 1836 - March 13, 1909) was a civil engineer, soldier, and industrialist. ... Tourist redirects here. ... This article is about the mountain in Colorado. ... A view of Garden of the Gods showing some of its unusual hogback formations. ...


Within two years his flagship resort the Antlers Hotel opened, welcoming U.S. and international travelers as well as health-savvy individuals seeking the high altitude and dry climate, and Palmer's visions of a thriving, quality resort town were coming true. Soon after, he founded the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad, a critical regional railroad. He maintained his presence in the city's early days by making many grants or sales of land to civic institutions. Palmer and his wife saw Colorado Springs develop into one of the most popular travel destinations in the late 1800s United States. Categories: Rail stubs | Defunct railroad companies of the United States | Colorado railroads | New Mexico railroads | Utah railroads ...


The town of Palmer Lake and a geographic feature called the Palmer Divide (and other more minor features) are named after him, and a bronze sculpture of Palmer on a horse without its front legs raised (denoting a natural death and not one caused during battle or afterwards from being fatally wounded in battle), is prominently displayed downtown in front of Palmer High School, the center of a busy intersection. Palmer Lake is a town located in El Paso County, Colorado. ...


Old Colorado City and the Pike's Peak Gold Rush

The Pioneers Museum (old court house) contains displays of the city's founding and history.
The Pioneers Museum (old court house) contains displays of the city's founding and history.

Colorado Springs' present downtown location, where General Palmer first founded the city, was partly due to Palmer's dislike of nearby rough-and-ready Colorado City (now called Old Colorado City, and not to be confused with present-day Colorado City) and its many saloons. Palmer ensured his new planned city stayed alcohol free by buying a huge tract of land to the east of Colorado City, and in fact, Colorado Springs stayed dry until the end of Prohibition in 1933. Old Colorado City, formerly Colorado City, is a national historic district in the city of Colorado Springs. ... Colorado City is a census-designated place located in Pueblo County, Colorado. ... Detroit police inspecting equipment found in a clandestine underground brewery during the prohibition era. ...


In its earliest days of 1859–1860, Colorado City was a major hub for sending mining supplies to South Park, where a major strike in the Pike's Peak Gold Rush was found. Eventually Colorado City was processing much of the gold ore at the Golden Cycle Mill using Palmer's railroads. The affluent, who made money from the gold rush and industry, did not stay in Colorado City but built their large houses in the undeveloped downtown area of Colorado Springs (i.e Wood Ave.). Early pictures show several large stone buildings like Colorado College[4], St. Mary's, the library, and the county courthouse[5] sitting in large empty plains. This is unique during this period, to pre-build a city's civic infrastructure in stone with wide streets [6] before there was a population to justify the expense. View of South Park along U.S. Route 285 looking eastward toward the Front Range For other uses: see South Park (disambiguation). ... Miners at Pikes Peak The Pikes Peak Gold Rush (later known as the Colorado Gold Rush) was the boom in gold prospecting and mining in the Pikes Peak Country of northwestern Kansas Territory and southwestern Nebraska Territory of the United States that began in July 1858 and lasted...


Colorado City remained the county seat of El Paso County until 1873, when the courthouse moved to Colorado Springs. El Paso County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. ...


W. S. Stratton, early benefactor

In 1891, Winfield Scott Stratton discovered and developed one of the richest gold mines on earth in the nearby Cripple Creek and Victor area, and was perhaps the most generous early contributor to those communities and to Colorado Springs. Winfield Scott Stratton (July 22, 1848- September 14, 1902). ... Strattons Independence Mine and Mill is a historic mining site near Victor, Colorado on the south slope of Battle Mountain. ... The historic City of Cripple Creek is a statutory city that is the county seat of Teller County, Colorado, United States. ... Victor is a city located in Teller County, Colorado. ...


After he made his fortune he declined to build a mansion as the other gold rush millionaires were doing; instead, in later years, he lived in a house in Colorado Springs he had built when he was a carpenter in pre-gold days.


In Colorado Springs, he funded the Myron Stratton Home for housing itinerant children and the elderly, donated land for City Hall, the Post Office, the Courthouse (which now houses the Pioneer Museum), and a park; he also greatly expanded the city's trolley car system and built the Mining Exchange building, and gave to all three communities in many other ways, great and small.


As Stratton's generosity became known, he was also approached by many people looking for money, and he became reclusive and eccentric in his later years.


Spencer Penrose, early benefactor

Spencer Penrose also made his mark on Colorado Springs in its early years—though not until two decades after its founding. Penrose started as a ladies-man and an adventurer. After making a fortune in the gold fields of nearby Cripple Creek in the 1890s, he married Julie Villiers Lewis McMillan, and settled down. Spencer Penrose made his mark on Colorado Springs in its early years--though not until two decades after its founding. ...


Penrose used his wealth to invest in other national mineral concerns and financed construction of the Broadmoor Hotel, the Cheyenne Mountain Zoo, the Will Rogers Shrine of the Sun, the Pikes Peak Highway, what is now known as Penrose-St Francis Health Services, and established the El Pomar Foundation, which still oversees many of his contributions in Colorado Springs today. A view from the main building of the hotel facing west The Broadmoor Hotel is a 5-star luxury hotel and resort located in southwestern Colorado Springs, Colorado, in the United States. ... Cheyenne Mountain Zoo is a mountainside zoo, located southwest of Colorado Springs, Colorado on Cheyenne Mountain in the United States. ... Spencer Penrose tomb, taking the rather unique form of an 80-foot hilltop observation tower which overlooks the resort. ...


End of the Colorado Gold Rush and the start of health tourism

The flow of gold and silver ebbed as the decades passed, and Colorado City's economic fortunes faded with it; the miners and those who processed the ore left or retired. Because of the healthy natural scenic beauty, mineral waters, and extremely dry climate, Colorado Springs became a tourist attraction and popular recuperation destination for tuberculosis patients. The healthy waters in Colorado Springs contained so much natural fluoride that some peoples’ teeth developed Colorado Stain. In 1909, Dr. Frederick McKay of Colorado Springs discovered the Colorado Stain connection and that a little fluoride added to water would prevent cavities, according to the permanent health exhibit at the Pioneers Museum. During this time, the city of Roswell was annexed and, in 1917, Colorado Springs also annexed Colorado City (now called Old Colorado City). This neighborhood in the west side of Colorado Springs is a historic district recognized on the National Register of Historic Places. A bustling main street of businesses, such as tourist and antique shops, still retains its old Victorian and brick style. Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus or Tuberculosis) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... Fluoride is the ionic form of fluorine. ... Water fluoridation is the practice of adding fluoride compounds to water with the intended purpose of reducing tooth decay in the general population. ... Dental cavities, tooth decay, or caries is a disease of the teeth resulting in damage to tooth structure. ... Old Colorado City, formerly Colorado City, is a national historic district in the city of Colorado Springs. ... A historic district in the United States is a group of buildings, properties or sites that have been designated by one of several entites on different levels as historically or architecturally significant. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ...


Latter 20th Century military boom

Colorado Springs saw its first military base in 1942 shortly after Pearl Harbor was attacked. During this time the U.S. Army established Camp Carson near the southern borders of the city in order to train and house troops in preparation for World War II. It was also during this time that the Army began using Colorado Springs Municipal Airport. It was renamed Peterson Field and used as a training base for heavy bombers (the airport and base still share parts of the flightline). Fort Carson is a United States Army installation and a Census Designated Place located immediately south of Colorado Springs in El Paso County, Colorado, United States and just north of Pueblo, Colorado in Pueblo County Colorado. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... http://www. ... Peterson Air Force Base (IATA: COS, ICAO: KCOS, FAA LID: COS) is a base of the United States Air Force located at Colorado Springs in El Paso County, Colorado, United States and it provides runways for the adjacent City of Colorado Springs Municipal Airport under a shared joint civil-military...

Hi-res Kodachrome of downtown Colorado Springs, 1951.
Hi-res Kodachrome of downtown Colorado Springs, 1951.

The Army expanded Camp Carson, a venture that increased growth in Colorado Springs and provided a significant area of industry for the city. After World War II the military stepped away from the Springs, Camp Carson was declining and the military was activating and deactivating Peterson Field irregularly. That all changed when the Korean War erupted. Camp Carson, which had declined to only 600 soldiers, was revitalized along with many other parts of the Springs. In 1951, the United States Air Defense Command moved to Colorado Springs and opened Ent Air Force Base (named for Major General Uzal Girard Ent, commander of the Ninth Air Force during World War II). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2677x1412, 650 KB) Summary Photograph by Chalmers Butterfield (Kodachrome) Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2677x1412, 650 KB) Summary Photograph by Chalmers Butterfield (Kodachrome) Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Belligerents United Nations: Republic of Korea Australia Belgium Canada Colombia Ethiopia France Greece Luxembourg Netherlands New Zealand Philippines South Africa Thailand Turkey United Kingdom United States Naval Support and Military Servicing/Repairs: Japan Medical staff: Denmark Italy Norway India Sweden DPR Korea PR China Soviet Union Commanders Syngman Rhee Chung... The NORAD logo. ... Ninth Air Force is a Numbered Air Force in Air Combat Command (ACC). ...


After the Korean War, Peterson Field was renamed Peterson Air Force Base and was permanently activated. In 1954 Camp Carson became Fort Carson, Colorado Springs' first Army post. Later that same year, President Dwight D. Eisenhower selected Colorado Springs, out of 300 other sites around the nation, to be the site of the Air Force's military academy. A new and growing Army post, an Air Force Base, and the Air Force's military academy together jump-started Colorado Springs' growth. A military base is a facility directly owned and operated by and/or for the military or one of its branches that shelters military equipment and personnel, and facilitates training and operations. ... Dwight David Eisenhower, born David Dwight Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969), nicknamed Ike, was a five-star General in the United States Army and U.S. politician, who served as the thirty-fourth President of the United States (1953–1961). ... The United States Air Force Academy (USAFA or Air Force),[1] located immediately north of Colorado Springs in El Paso County, Colorado, United States, is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers for the United States Air Force. ...


The military boom continued and in 1963, NORAD's main facility was built in Cheyenne Mountain. This placed NORAD directly next to Colorado Springs and permanently secured the city's military presence. During the Cold War the city greatly expanded due to increased revenue from various industries and the prevailing military presence in the city. In the mid 1970s, Ent Air Force Base was shut down and later converted into the United States Olympic Training Center. Military presence was further increased in 1983 with the founding of Falcon Air Force Base (later changed to Schriever Air Force Base), a base primarily tasked with missile defense and satellite control. Fort Carson and Peterson are still growing and continue to contribute to the city's growth. Air Force Space Command is located on Peterson AFB. NORAD is short for: North American Aerospace Defense Command Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Cheyenne Mountain is a mountain located on the southwest side of Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA, and is home to the Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station[1] and its Cheyenne Mountain Directorate, formerly known as the Cheyenne Mountain Operations Center (CMOC). ... A training center created specifically for Olympic athletes to come and prepare for the Olympics, but used mainly by the United States. ... Senior Airman Nayibe Ramos runs through a checklist during Global Positioning System satellite operations. ... Air Force Space Command (AFSPC) is a major command of the United States Air Force. ...


Geography and climate

Geography

The sign greeting travelers into Colorado Springs on Interstate 25 southbound from Denver.
The sign greeting travelers into Colorado Springs on Interstate 25 southbound from Denver.

Colorado Springs is located at 38°51′48″N, 104°47′31″W (38.863443, -104.791914).[10] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1435 KB) Summary Picture taken by BigMac in June, 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1435 KB) Summary Picture taken by BigMac in June, 2005. ... In the U.S. state of Colorado, Interstate 25 follows the north-south corridor through Colorado Springs and Denver. ... This article refers to the state capital of Colorado. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 186.1 square miles (482.1 km²), of which, 185.7 square miles (481.1 km²) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km²) of it (0.21%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ...


Climate

Colorado Springs receives 15.42 inches of annual precipitation. Average snowfall for the area (included in the previous annual precipitation calculation) is 5.5" in November, 5.7" in December, 5.0" in January, 5.1" in February, 9.4" in March, and 6.3" in April. Due to unusually low precipitation for the past few years before 2006, Colorado Springs has had to enact lawn water restrictions. Average January low and high temperatures are 14°F/ 42°F (-10°C/ 5.5°C) and average July low and high temperatures are 55°F/ 85°F (12.7°C/ 29.4°C). Colorado Springs has relatively mild winters, with large snow accumulations in the downtown area relatively rare, a strong warming sun due to the altitude, and only occasional episodic periods of sub-zero cold snaps and blizzards from October 31 to March/April. The hottest temperature ever recorded in Colorado Springs was 101°F (38.3°C) on June 7, 1874 and the coldest temperature ever recorded was -32°F (-35.5°C) on January 20, 1883. Colorado Springs is also one of the most active lightning strike areas in the United States. This natural phenomenon led Nikola Tesla to select Colorado Springs as the preferred location to build his lab and study electricity. Temperature is the physical property of a system which underlies the common notions of hot and cold; the material with the higher temperature is said to be hotter. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Nikola Tesla (Nih koh la TESS lah) [2](Serbian Cyrillic: ) (10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was an inventor, physicist, mechanical and electrical engineer. ...


Demographics

A downtown cafe on a Friday night.
A downtown cafe on a Friday night.

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 360,890 people, 141,516 households, and 93,117 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,942.9 people per square mile (750.2/km²). There were 148,690 housing units at an average density of 800.5/sq mi (309.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.66% White, 6.56% African American, 0.88% Native American, 2.82% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 5.01% from other races, and 3.85% from two or more races. 12.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... Hispanic Americans (Spanish: Hispano Americano) are Americans of Hispanic ethnicity who largely identify with the Hispanic cultural heritage. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 141,516 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.06. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.2 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $45,081, and the median income for a family was $53,478. Males had a median income of $36,786 versus $26,427 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,496. About 6.1% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over. Per capita income means how much each individual receives, in monetary terms, of the yearly income generated in their country. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Tourism

Colorado Springs Skyline, August 2007.
Colorado Springs Skyline, August 2007.

Much of the tourism in the Springs is attracted to the surrounding natural features such as Pikes Peak. The city has numerous trails and parks due to its location next to the Rocky Mountains, making the city a popular destination for its scenery. With the mountains nearby, the Springs has also gained fame for its rock formations and other geological features. Much of Colorado Springs tourism comes from the area it was built around, most famously Pikes Peak. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x640, 61 KB) Summary A picture of downtown colorado springs. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x640, 61 KB) Summary A picture of downtown colorado springs. ... This article is about the mountain in Colorado. ...


Transportation

Colorado Springs is served by an extensive bus system called Metro (short for Mountain Metropolitan Transit). Metro also operates the Front Range Express (FREX) service, which connects Colorado Springs to Denver and several other metropolitan areas. Although the Metro system serves much of the city and its nearest suburbs, it lacks service to many important areas and has only limited hours of operation. Taxicabs are available by phone or can usually be chartered at the airport or downtown. Front Range Express (FREX) is a commuter bus service operating between the cities of Castle Rock, Colorado Springs, Denver, Fountain, Greenwood Village, and Monument in Colorado. ...


In order to combat congestion the Colorado Department of Transportation is in the process of widening the Interstate 25 corridor throughout the city from four lanes (two in each direction) to six lanes. This project has officially been named COSMIX (Colorado Springs Metro Interstate Expansion) Ultimately, the plan is to make the interstate eight lanes through the city when funding becomes available.[12] This plan is similar in nature to Denver's T-Rex expansion plan. In the U.S. state of Colorado, Interstate 25 follows the north-south corridor through Colorado Springs and Denver. ...

A Metro bus navigates past a parking garage in downtown.
A Metro bus navigates past a parking garage in downtown.

Several suggestions have been made to create a loop around the city though none have been implemented. The original plan to convert Powers Boulevard, a major eastside expressway, into a bypass for I-25 was abandoned, but is now being reconsidered by the city council amidst stringent opposition from a large developer responsible for the construction of a large commercial complex along the road.[13] Easier access to the airport has also been suggested. Overall the new thoroughfares would include one (or two) loop freeways, a spur into the city connecting the main freeway and the loop, east-west expressway upgrades, and easier access to the Colorado Springs Airport.


Two additional grade separated interchanges are currently under construction in order to alleviate congestion at some of the city's worst intersections. Both the intersection at Powers and Woodmen and the intersection at Austin Bluffs and Union are being converted into grade separated interchanges. The former, when completed, will be a partial cloverleaf, and the latter will be an urban diamond. A third interchange is being considered at the intersection of Woodmen Road and Academy Boulevard (SH83).


In addition, there are plans to develop a "Front Range Toll Road", a privately-owned turnpike, which would begin south of Pueblo and end around Fort Collins. This toll road would allow rail and truck traffic to avoid the more highly travelled parts of I-25 along the Front Range. Initially, the project had support but has since been highly contested because of the need to condemn the land of many private citizens, through the use of eminent domain, to make room for the corridor[14] A toll road, turnpike or tollpike is a road on which a toll authority collects a fee for use. ...


Colorado Springs is served by the Colorado Springs Municipal Airport. In the state of Colorado, only Denver International has more passenger traffic. The airport has experienced a higher recovery rate in the post-9/11 era than the rest of the country[15] and is in the process of expanding its maintenance facilities, taxiways, and runways to accommodate future growth. In 2005 it served approximately two million passengers.[15] http://www. ... KDEN redirects here. ...


Sports

Olympic Sports

The United States Olympic Committee headquarters and training facility.
The United States Olympic Committee headquarters and training facility.

Colorado Springs is home to the United States Olympic Training Center and the headquarters of the United States Olympic Committee. In addition, a number of United States national federations for individual Olympic sports have their headquarters in Colorado Springs, including: The United States Olympic Committee (USOC) is a non-profit organization that serves as the National Olympic Committee (NOC) for the United States and coordinates the relationship between the United States Anti-Doping Agency and the World Anti-Doping Agency and various international sports federations. ... A training center created specifically for Olympic athletes to come and prepare for the Olympics, but used mainly by the United States. ... The United States Olympic Committee (USOC) is a non-profit organization that serves as the National Olympic Committee (NOC) for the United States and coordinates the relationship between the United States Anti-Doping Agency and the World Anti-Doping Agency and various international sports federations. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ...

The city has a particularly long association with the sport of figure skating, having hosted the U.S. Figure Skating Championships 6 times and the World Figure Skating Championships 5 times. It is home to the World Figure Skating Museum and Hall of Fame and the Broadmoor Skating Club, a notable training center for the sport. In recent years, the World Arena has hosted skating events such as Skate America and the Four Continents Figure Skating Championships. The United States Fencing Association (USFA) is the regulatory body that governs the sport of fencing in the United States. ... The United States Figure Skating Association, also known as the USFSA or U.S. Figure Skating, is the national sport governing body for figure skating in the United States. ... USA Basketball is a non-profit organization and the governing body for basketball in the United States. ... USA Boxing is the national governing body for Olympic boxing and is the United States member organization of the International Amateur Boxing Association (AIBA). ... USA Cycling, based in Colorado Springs, Colorado, is the national governing body for bicycle racing in the United States. ... USA Hockey is recognized as the governing body for amateur ice hockey in the United States and is a member of the International Ice Hockey Federation. ... USA Swimming is the national governing body of competitive swimming in the United States. ... Prior to 1979, a year-round U.S. Shooting Team did not exist. ... USA Triathlon is the national governing body for the multi-sport disciplines of triathlon, duathlon, aquathlon and winter triathlon in the United States. ... USA Wrestling (formerly known as the United States Wrestling Federation and as the United States Wrestling Association) is the organization that currently governs freestyle wrestling and Greco-Roman wrestling in the United States. ... Figure skating is an ice skating sporting event where individuals, mixed couples, or groups perform spins, jumps, and other moves on the ice, often to music. ... The U.S. Figure Skating Championships is an annual event put on by the United States Figure Skating Association. ... For the 2008 competition, see 2008 World Figure Skating Championships. ... The World Figure Skating Hall of Fame serves as a repository for the sport of figure skating. ... The Broadmoor Skating Club is a figure skating club based in Colorado Springs, Colorado that has long been a major training center for the sport of figure skating. ... World Arena is a 7,343-seat multi-purpose arena in Colorado Springs, Colorado. ... For the 2007 competition, see 2007 Skate America. ... The Four Continents Figure Skating Championships is an annual competition in figure skating. ...


Local Teams

Name Sport Founded League Venue
Colorado Springs Sky Sox Baseball 1988 Minor league; Pacific Coast League Security Service Field
Colorado Springs Blizzard Soccer 2004-Folded in 2006 United Soccer Leagues; USL Premier Development League Security Service Field
Colorado Rush Men's Premier Soccer 2007 Premier Arena Soccer League; National Premier Soccer League (National Division III) Security Service Field
Colorado Springs Cricket Club Cricket 1999 Colorado Cricket League Rose Bowl, Memorial Park
  • Colorado Springs hosted the 1962 International Ice Hockey Federation World Championships (together with Denver).

This nullifies a popular Canadian claim that the 2008 IIHF World Championships in Quebec City, PQ and Halifax, NS will mark the first time this event is organized on the American continent. Colorado Rockies National League AAA Colorado Springs Sky Sox AA Tulsa Drillers A Modesto Nuts Asheville Tourists Tri-City Dust Devils R Casper Rockies The Colorado Springs Sky Sox are a minor league baseball team in Colorado Springs, Colorado. ... This article is about the sport. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... Security Service Field, formerly Sky Sox Stadium, is a professional baseball stadium on the eastern edge of Colorado Springs, Colorado. ... The Colorado Springs Blizzard are a USL Premier Development League team based in Colorado Springs, Colorado. ... Soccer redirects here. ... The United Soccer Leagues (USL) is directly affiliated with the United States Soccer Federation (USSF), United States Adult Soccer Association (USASA) and the Canadian Soccer Association (CSA). ... The USL Premier Development League (PDL) is the amateur league of the United Soccer Leagues in the United States and Canada, forming part of the American Soccer Pyramid. ... Security Service Field, formerly Sky Sox Stadium, is a professional baseball stadium on the eastern edge of Colorado Springs, Colorado. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Security Service Field, formerly Sky Sox Stadium, is a professional baseball stadium on the eastern edge of Colorado Springs, Colorado. ... This article is about the sport. ... Colorado Cricket League (CCL) was established in 1981. ... Division I (or DI) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association in the United States. ... The United States Air Force Academy (USAFA or Air Force),[1] located immediately north of Colorado Springs in El Paso County, Colorado, United States, is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers for the United States Air Force. ... The Colorado College is a private four-year, co-educational liberal arts college located in Colorado Springs, Colorado. ...


Economy

Municipal Court.
Municipal Court.

Colorado Springs' economy is driven primarily by the military, the high-tech industry, and tourism, in that order. While the main force behind the city's economy is the military, the city is not completely dependent on it. The city is currently experiencing some growth mainly in the service sectors and has been identified as one of the nation's top ten fastest growing economies.[16] Colorado Springs is also one of the nation's leaders in lender available housing, nearing its top record set in the late 1980s [7].


On January 17, 2007, Steve Fehl, an Analyst at the Pikes Peak Workforce Center [8] announced that many of the better jobs being created in Colorado Springs are for service positions in upscale call centers for the insurance, support, and financial industries. These large businesses find the quality and quantity of available college educated workers an incentive to locate to the city. Mr. Fehl also believes Colorado Springs still remains a difficult market for job seekers outside the defense sector. With future growth in the defense sector expected when the approved funding is released to defense contractors, creating employment for those with active security clearances. This growth should offset some of the recent softening in information technology and complex electronic equipment manufacturing sectors. is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information Technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ...


Defense industry

The defense industry is a significant portion of Colorado Springs' economy with several of the largest employers coming from this sector.[17] A large segment of this industry is dedicated to the development and operation of various projects of the missile defense agency. The aerospace industry also has had an influence on the Colorado Springs economy. The defense sector has planned several changes, moving in and out personnel, building and shutting down, over the next few years. Still, they are among the largest employers in the city and the overall trend is some growth.


Significant defense corporations in the city include:

The Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) is an aerospace and defense conglomerate that is the result of a 1994 merger between Northrop and Grumman. ... Lockheed/BAE/Northrop F-35 Lockheed Trident missile C-130 Hercules; in production since the 1950s, now as the C-130J Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) is an aerospace manufacturer formed in 1995 by the merger of Lockheed Corporation with Martin Marietta. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... L-3 Communications Holdings, Inc. ... Harris Corporation NYSE: HRS is an international communications equipment company that produces wireless equipment, electronic systems, and both terrestrial and spaceborne antennas for use in the government, defense, and commercial sectors. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Edward Boeing. ... General Dynamics Corporation (NYSE: GD) is a defense conglomerate formed by mergers and divestitures, and as of 2006 it is the sixth largest defense contractor in the world[2]. The company has changed markedly in the post-Cold War era of defense consolidation. ...

High-tech industry

A large percentage of Colorado Springs' economy is still based on high tech and manufacturing complex electronic equipment. The high tech sector of Colorado Springs area has decreased its overall presence in the Springs' economy over the past six years (from around 21,000 down to around 8,000), notably in information technology and complex electronic equipment.[18] Due to the slowdown in tourism, the high tech sector still remains second to the military in terms of total revenue generated and employment. [9] It is projected by this trend that the high tech employment ratio will continue to decrease in the near future. [10] [11] High tech refers to high technology, technology that is at the cutting-edge and the most advanced currently available. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information Technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ...


Because of Colorado Springs’ central U.S. location, available reserve of highly educated workers, and business friendly climate; several companies have plans to either expand their current operations in Colorado Springs or have considered Colorado Springs as a competitive area for relocating or opening a business.


High tech corporations with connections to the city include:

  • Verizon Business – Software development - Formerly WorldCom and MCI, has a fairly large engineering presence. At its peak during the mid to late 1990s, with over 5,000 employees, MCI was the largest private employer in El Paso County (Fort Carson and the City of Colorado Springs were ranked #'s 1 and 2, with MCI coming in 3rd overall).
  • Hewlett-Packard – Computing – large sales, support, and SAN storage engineering center. The location was built by Digital Equipment Corporation, renamed Compaq in the 1998 acquisition of Digital, and finally renamed Hewlett-Packard after the 2002 merger.
  • SNIA – Computing - home of the SNIA Technology Center
  • Agilent – Test and Measurement Manufacturing - In 1999, Agilent was spun off from HP as an independent, publicly-traded company.
  • Intel – Chip fabrication, built in 2000. Intel has put this facility up for sale, and plans to leave Colorado Springs. Local economist believes a loss up to 4,154 jobs possible if facility is not sold and shut down. [12]. As of December 15, 2007, Intel has ceased operations at this facility.[citation needed]
  • Atmel – Chip fabrication. Formerly Honeywell
  • Cypress Semiconductor Colorado Design Center – Chip fabrication R&D site
  • Sanmina-SCI Closing facility around December 2007 to January 2008 (800 jobs).[19]

MCI logo MCI, Inc. ... For a time, WorldCom (WCOM) was the United States second largest long distance phone company (AT&T was the largest). ... MCI logo MCI, Inc. ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ... In computing, a storage area network (SAN) is an architecture to attach remote computer storage devices such as disk array controllers, tape libraries and CD arrays to servers in such a way that to the operating system the devices appear as locally attached devices. ... Digital Equipment Corporation was a pioneering American company in the computer industry. ... Compaq Computer Corporation is an American personal computer company founded in 1982, and now a brand name of Hewlett-Packard. ... Storage Networking Industry Association (SNIA) was incorporated in December 1997 and is a registered 501-C6 non-profit trade association. ... Storage Networking Industry Association (SNIA) was incorporated in December 1997 and is a registered 501-C6 non-profit trade association. ... ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Atmel ATMEGA32 microcontroller Atmel AT90S2333 microcontroller Atmel Corporation (NASDAQ: ATML) is a manufacturer of semiconductors, founded in 1984. ... Honeywell Heating Specialties Company Stock Certificate dated 1924 signed by Mark C. Honeywell - courtesy of Scripophily. ... Cypress Semiconductor began operations in 1982 and listed publicly in 1986. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

Companies based in Colorado Springs

Companies with origins in Colorado Springs include the former restaurant chain Mr. Steak. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Mr. ...


Military

AFSPC Headquarters, Peterson AFB, Colorado Springs.
AFSPC Headquarters, Peterson AFB, Colorado Springs.

The United States Military plays a very important role in the city. Colorado Springs is home to both Army and Air Force bases and their numerous support bases around the county. Image File history File links PetersonAFB.jpg Summary Peterson AFB buildings. ... Image File history File links PetersonAFB.jpg Summary Peterson AFB buildings. ... The United States Army is the largest, and by some standards oldest, established branch of the armed forces of the United States and is one of seven uniformed services. ... USAF redirects here. ...


Fort Carson

Fort Carson is the city's largest military base, and until mid-2006 was home to the 3d Armored Cavalry Regiment, which relocated to Fort Hood, Texas. By 2009, Fort Carson will be the home station of the 4th Infantry Division, which will nearly double the base's population. Fort Carson is host to various training grounds for infantry, armor, and aviation units (specifically the OH-58 Kiowa Warrior). Fort Carson is also the headquarters of the second and third battalions of the 10th Special Forces Group. Fort Carson is a United States Army installation and a Census Designated Place located immediately south of Colorado Springs in El Paso County, Colorado, United States and just north of Pueblo, Colorado in Pueblo County Colorado. ... Top Left: Branch Insignia of the 3d ACR Top Right: Shoulder Sleve Insignia of the 3d ACR Bottom Right: Distinctive Unit Insignia of the 3d ACR (nicknamed the BUG) The 3d Armored Cavalry Regiment is a regiment of the United States Army currently stationed at Fort Carson, southwest of Colorado... It has been suggested that U.S. 1st Brigade 4th Infantry Division be merged into this article or section. ... The OH-58 Kiowa scout helicopter has the primary missions of reconnaissance, surveillance, and intelligence gathering. ... The 10th Special Forces Group was formed on June 19th, 1952, at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, with Colonel Aaron Bank in command. ...


Peterson Air Force Base

The Air Force has critical aspects of their service based at Colorado Springs which carry on missile defense operations and development. The Air Force bases a large section of the national missile defense operations here, with Peterson Air Force Base set to operate large sections of the program. Peterson AFB is currently the headquarters of the majority of Air Force Space Command and the operations half of Army Space and Missile Defense Command/Army Strategic Command (SMDC/ARSTRAT). Peterson Air Force Base (IATA: COS, ICAO: KCOS, FAA LID: COS) is a base of the United States Air Force located at Colorado Springs in El Paso County, Colorado, United States and it provides runways for the adjacent City of Colorado Springs Municipal Airport under a shared joint civil-military... A payload launch vehicle carrying a prototype exoatmospheric kill vehicle is launched from Meck Island at the Kwajalein Missile Range on December 3, 2001, for an intercept of a ballistic missile target over the central Pacific Ocean. ... Air Force Space Command (AFSPC) is a major command of the United States Air Force. ...


Peterson is also headquarters for the United States Northern Command (USNORTHCOM), one of the Unified Combatant Commands. USNORTHCOM directs all branches of the U.S. military operations in their area of responsibility which includes the continental United States, Alaska, Canada, and Mexico. In the event of national emergencies the President or Secretary of Defense can call upon USNORTHCOM for any required military assistance. Service members from every branch of US Military are stationed at the command. Emblem of United States Northern Command. ... A Unified Combatant Command is composed of forces from two or more services, has a broad and continuing mission, and is organized either on a geographical basis (known as Area Of Responsibility, AOR) or on a functional basis. ... The United States Armed Forces are the overall unified military forces of the United States. ...


Schriever Air Force Base (formerly Falcon AFB)

Schriever AFB is home to the 50th Space Wing that controls warning, navigational, and communications satellites. It is the location of the global positioning system (GPS) master control station and GPS Operations Center and the US Naval Observatory Alternate Master Clock used to synchronize GPS satellite time. Schriever is also developing parts of national missile defense and runs parts of the annual wargames used by the nations military. Senior Airman Nayibe Ramos runs through a checklist during Global Positioning System satellite operations. ... The 50th Space Wing (50 SW) is a wing of the United States Air Force under the major command of Air Force Space Command (AFSPC). ... GPS redirects here. ...


NORAD and Cheyenne Mountain Air Station

North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD), a component of America's missile defense system, is located in Cheyenne Mountain Air Station. When it was built at the height of the Cold War it caused much anxiety for the residents of Colorado Springs. Although NORAD still operates, today it is primarily tasked with the tracking of ICBMs, but the military has recently decided to place Cheyenne Mountain's NORAD/NORTHCOM operations on standby and move operations to nearby Peterson Air Force Base. [13] NORAD Headquarters Building. ... 1,400 people work inside Cheyenne Mountain — they enter through this tunnel. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... A Minuteman III missile soars after a test launch. ...


United States Air Force Academy

The north end of the city is home to the vast United States Air Force Academy grounds, where cadets train to become officers in the Air Force. The campus is famous for its unique chapel and draws visitors year round. The Air Force sports programs belong to the Mountain West Conference and they consistently compete for championships in football (including the Commander in Chief's trophy) and basketball. The United States Air Force Academy (USAFA or Air Force),[1] located immediately north of Colorado Springs in El Paso County, Colorado, United States, is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers for the United States Air Force. ... USAF redirects here. ...


Religious institutions

Focus on the Family is one of many major religious organizations based in Colorado Springs.
Focus on the Family is one of many major religious organizations based in Colorado Springs.

In recent years, Colorado Springs has attracted a large influx of Evangelical Christians and Christian Organizations. At one time Colorado Springs was counted to be the national headquarters for 81 different religious organizations, earning the city the tongue-in-cheek nickname "the Evangelical Vatican". According to the 2006 DEX phone book, there are 84 separate categories under "churches" with hundreds of individual churches listed. Focus on the Familys Visitors Welcome Center in Colorado Springs, Colorado. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Evangelicalism is a theological perspective in Protestant Christianity which identifies with the gospel. ...


The city and surrounding areas also host hundreds of churches and synagogues of many faiths and denominations, including a mosque.


Religious groups with headquarters at Colorado Springs include:

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Colorado Springs (Latin: Dioecesis Coloratensium Fontium) is a Roman Catholic diocese in Colorado. ... Compassion International is a Christian child sponsorship organization dedicated to the long-term development of children living in poverty around the world. ... Focus on the Familys Visitors Welcome Center in Colorado Springs, Colorado. ... The International Bible Society (IBS) is a Christian organization, which translates and distributes the Bible. ... The Association of Christian Schools International (ACSI) is an association of evangelical Protestant Christian schools in the United States. ... The Navigators is a worldwide Christian parachurch organization headquartered in Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA. Its main purpose is the discipling (training) of Christians with a particular emphasis on enabling them to share their faith with others. ... Young Life is the name of a Christian non-denominational parachurch organization based in Colorado Springs, but more commonly refers to the outreach arm of the organization directed towards high school students, as the other groups operate under different names and mandates, including: WyldLife - directed towards middle school children Urban... The Christian and Missionary Alliance (C&MA) is an Evangelical Protestant denomination within Christianity. ... The WAY-FM Network is a national, non-profit radio broadcasting network in the United States that primarily plays Contemporary Christian music operating in 25 states (as of July 2006). ...

Education

Doolittle Hall on the campus of the United States Air Force Academy.
Doolittle Hall on the campus of the United States Air Force Academy.

Universities, colleges and special schools include: The United States Air Force Academy (USAFA or Air Force),[1] located immediately north of Colorado Springs in El Paso County, Colorado, United States, is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers for the United States Air Force. ...

The city's public schools are divided into several districts: The Colorado College is a private four-year, co-educational liberal arts college located in Colorado Springs, Colorado. ... The Colorado School for the Deaf and Blind (CSDB) is a K-12 boarding school, located on Knob Hill, one mile (1. ... The United States Air Force Academy (USAFA or Air Force),[1] located immediately north of Colorado Springs in El Paso County, Colorado, United States, is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers for the United States Air Force. ... It has been suggested that Beth-El College of Nursing & Health Sciences be merged into this article or section. ... External link http://www. ... Nazarene Bible College is one of the ten Nazarene institutions of higher education in the United States. ... Colorado Technical University (CTU) is a system of for-profit colleges in the United States providing career training programs in a variety of areas, as well as bachelors and masters degrees. ... Colorado State University - Pueblo (CSU-P officially) is a public institution of higher learning located in Pueblo, Colorado in the United States. ... DeVry University and DeVry Institute of Technology are divisions of Devry Inc. ... Regis University is a private, co-educational Roman Catholic university in the United States. ...

Private schools: Widefield School District 3 is the school district of Widefield, Colorado. ... Academy School District 20 is the northern school district of Colorado Springs, Colorado. ... Colorado Springs School District 11 is the central school district of Colorado Springs, Colorado. ... Falcon School District 49 is located to the east of Colorado Springs, Colorado. ... Harrison School District 2 is the southern school district of Colorado Springs, Colorado. ... Cheyenne Mountain School District 12 is the southwestern school district of Colorado Springs, Colorado. ... The Colorado School for the Deaf and Blind (CSDB) is a K-12 boarding school, located on Knob Hill, one mile (1. ...

Colorado Springs Christian School is a PreKindergarten-12 school in Colorado Springs. ... Fountain Valley School is a 4-year college preparatory school in Colorado Springs, Colorado. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Saint Marys High School is a private, Roman Catholic high school located in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Colorado Springs. ... The Colorado Springs School is a private, nonprofit, college preparatory school serving pre-kindergarten to 12th grade in Colorado Springs. ...

Colorado Springs city government

City Hall.
City Hall.

The city is a Council-Manager government, with a City Council and Mayor that meet regularly to approve budgets and projects, while the city manager deals with the day-to-day aspects of running the city. The council-manager government is one of two main variations of representative municipal government in the United States. ... The council-manager government is one of 2 main variations of representative municipal government (for contrast, also see Mayor-Council government). ...


Organizational Chart of Colorado Springs City Government


Area Medical Facilities

There are two main hospital systems in the City of Colorado Springs. They are Memorial Health System and Penrose-St. Francis Health Services. Memorial is owned by the City of Colorado Springs and has two locations: Memorial Hospital Central which is located downtown and Memorial Hospital North which is located off Briargate Parkway. Penrose-St. Francis Health Services has two Hospitals, Penrose Community on Academy Boulevard and Penrose Main off I-25. They are in the process of building St. Francis Medical Center on Powers and Woodmen Road on the city's northeast side. This will open in August 2008 and will be the only full-service acute care facility in the northern part of the city.


Notable residents

Michael Boatman Michael Boatman (born 25 October 1964 in Colorado Springs, Colorado) is an American actor. ... Charles Ragland Bunnell (born in Kansas City, Missouri in 1897, died in Colorado in 1968), was an American painter, printmaker, and muralist. ... A silent film is a film which has no accompanying soundtrack. ... Lon Chaney (April 1, 1883 – August 26, 1930), nicknamed The Man of a Thousand Faces, was an American actor during the age of silent films. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Major League Baseball All-Star Game, also popularly known as the Midsummer Classic, is an annual baseball game between players from the National League and the American League, currently selected by fan vote for the starting position players and by the respective managers (from the previous years World... This article is about the player in baseball. ... Richard Michael Goose Gossage (born July 5, 1951 in Colorado Springs, Colorado) is a former relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who played 21 seasons for nine different teams before retiring in 1994. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Roy J. Wasson High School is the second-oldest high school in District 11 in Colorado Springs, Colorado. ... This article is about the band Aerosmith. ... Tom Hamilton Years Active: 1972-Present Thomas William Hamilton (born December 31, 1951, in Colorado Springs, Colorado) is an American musician, best known as the bassist of the band Aerosmith. ... Focus on the Familys Visitors Welcome Center in Colorado Springs, Colorado. ... James Clayton Jim Dobson (born April 21, 1936 in Shreveport, Louisiana) is an American evangelical Christian and chairman of the board of Focus on the Family, a nonprofit organization he founded in 1977, from which he has never drawn a salary, but which has promoted his related books and publications... Chris Elrod (born February 28, 1966) is the lead pastor and founder of Compass Point Church[1], a Christian community of faith in Lakeland, Florida. ... World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. ... Franklin Roberto Bobby Lashley (born July 16, 1976)[2] is an American professional wrestler and former Collegiate amateur wrestler. ... Keith Lockhart (born November 1959, Poughkeepsie, New York, USA) is an orchestral conductor. ... Chase Masterson (born Christianne Carafano on 26 February 1963 in Colorado Springs, Colorado) is an American actress, best known for portraying the Bajoran Leeta on Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Ivy Lief on General Hospital. ... Cassandra Peterson (born September 17, 1949) is an American actress best known for her on-screen horror host persona Elvira, Mistress of the Dark. She gained fame on Los Angeles television station KHJ wearing a black, gothic, cleavage-enhancing gown as host of Movie Macabre, a weekly horror movie presentation. ... Name General William J. Palmer High School Address 301 North Nevada Avenue Town Colorado Springs, Colorado Established 1874 Community Urban Type Public Secondary Religion Secular Students Coeducational Grades 9 to 12 Accreditation Western Association of Schools and Colleges District Colorado State Department of Education Subdistrict Colorado Springs School District 11... Robert Malcolm Sapp[1] aka Bob The Beast Sapp (ボブサップ)(born September 22, 1974) is an American kickboxer, mixed martial arts (MMA) fighter and former world champion professional wrestler and professional American Football player. ... William (Billy) Mitchell High School is the third-oldest high school in District 11 in Colorado Springs, Colorado, built in 1965 and named for aviation pioneer Billy Mitchell. ... Nikola Tesla (Nih koh la TESS lah) [2](Serbian Cyrillic: ) (10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was an inventor, physicist, mechanical and electrical engineer. ... Leeann Tweeden (2003) Leeann Velez Tweeden (born June 13, 1973) is an American model and television personality of Spanish, Filipino and Norwegian descent. ... A waiter in a resort setting A waiter is one who waits on tables, often at a restaurant or a bar. ... This article is about the two restaurant chains collectively using the shared Hooters brand. ... Robert William Bobby Unser (born February 20, 1934 in Colorado Springs, Colorado) was a U.S. automobile racer. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Christopher Colin Dean (born July 22, 1958 in Nottingham, Great Britain) is a British figure skater who won a gold medal in ice dancing at the 1984 Winter Olympics with his skating partner Jayne Torvill. ... Trenary at the 1990 U.S. Championships. ... NFL redirects here. ... The wide receiver (WR) position in American and Canadian football is the pass-catching specialist. ... Vincent Jackson (born January 14, 1983 in Fort Polk, Louisiana) is an American football wide receiver that played college football at the University of Northern Colorado. ... Chargers redirects here. ... Widefield High School is a high school in southern Colorado Springs. ... Defensive end is the name of a defensive position in the sport of American football. ... Aaron Douglas Smith (born April 9, 1976 in Colorado Springs, Colorado) is a professional football player with the Pittsburgh Steelers in the National Football League. ... Steelers redirects here. ... For corner back, the Gaelic football and hurling position, see Gaelic football and Hurling positions . ... Roc Alexander (born September 23, 1981 in Colorado Springs) is a football player. ... The Miss Colorado competition is the pageant that selects the representative for the state of Colorado in the Miss America pageant. ... The Miss Colorado Teen USA competition is the pageant that selects the representative for the state of Colorado in the Miss Teen USA pageant. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Broncos Navy Blue, Orange, White[1] Mascot Thunder II (live horse) Miles (person in costume suit) Personnel Owner Pat Bowlen... NBA redirects here. ... Richard (Rick) Francis Dennis Barry III (born March 28, 1944, in Elizabeth, New Jersey) is an American former professional basketball player. ... Nerdcore hip hop is a musical genre. ... Bryce Case, Jr. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... College GameDay is an ESPN show covering college football. ... This article is about the American sports journalist. ... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in North America. ... In baseball or softball, a starting pitcher, often abbreviated as starter, is the pitcher who pitches the first pitch to the first batter of a game. ... Brandon Patrick McCarthy is a starting pitcher for the Texas Rangers born on July 7, 1983 in Glendale, California. ... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1972–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 26, 34, 42 Name Texas Rangers (1972–present) Washington Senators (1961-1971) Other nicknames None in common use Ballpark Rangers Ballpark in Arlington (1994–present) a. ... Duane Dog Chapman (left) and wife Beth during their visit aboard the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier USS Nimitz Duane Lee Dog Chapman ([1] born: February 2, 1953) is an American bounty hunter and bail bondsman who lives in Honolulu, Hawaii. ... Dog the Bounty Hunter is a reality television show which chronicles Duane Dog Chapmans operations at his job, Da Kine Bail Bonds in Honolulu, Hawaii. ... Howard Stableford (born April 12, 1959) is a television and radio presenter. ... Lewis Niles Black (born August 30, 1948) is a Grammy Award-winning American stand-up comedian, author, playwright, and actor. ... Juli Ashton (born on October 5, 1968 in Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA) is an American porn star and television host. ... OneRepublic is an American rock band formed in Colorado. ... Ryan Benjamin Tedder (born 7 January 1979) is an American singer, and Grammy nominated songwriter and record producer born in Tulsa, Oklahoma. ... Alternate cover Promo single cover Bleeding Love is a smash hit pop–R&B ballad written by Ryan Tedder and Jesse McCartney[1] and produced by Tedder for Leona Lewiss debut album, Spirit. ... Leona Louise Lewis (born 3 April 1985) is a British singer and winner of the third series of The X Factor UK television talent show. ... Billboard can refer to: Billboard magazine Billboard (advertising) Billboard antenna In 3D computer graphics, to billboard is to rotate an object so that it faces the viewer. ... The Billboard Hot 100 is the main singles chart used by Billboard magazine. ... OneRepublic is an American rock band formed in Colorado. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Sydney Pollack (July 1, 1934 – May 26, 2008[1]) was an Academy Award-winning American film director, producer and actor. ... Fort Carson is a United States Army installation and a Census Designated Place located immediately south of Colorado Springs in El Paso County, Colorado, United States and just north of Pueblo, Colorado in Pueblo County Colorado. ... Johnny Smith, (born John Henry Smith, Jr. ...

Sister cities

Sister cities of Colorado Springs include: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Colorado Springs' sister city organization began when Colorado Springs became partners with Fujiyoshida. The torii gate erected to commemorate the relationship stands at the corner of Bijou Street and Nevada Avenue, and is one of the city's most recognizable landmarks. The torii gate, crisscrossed bridge and shrine, located in the median between Platte and Bijou Streets in downtown Colorado Springs, were a gift to Colorado Springs, erected in 1966 as a token of friendship between the two communities. A plaque near the torii gate states that "the purpose of the sister city relationship is to promote understanding between the people of our two countries and cities". The Fujiyoshida Student exchange program has become an annual event. Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Fujiyoshida (富士吉田市; -shi) is a city located in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan, in the center of the Japanese main island of HonshÅ«. Fujiyoshida was founded on March 20, 1951. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Region City seat Lingya District (苓雅區) Government  - Mayor Chen Chu (陳菊) Area  - Total 154 km² (59. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... A view of Smolensk in 1912. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kyrgyzstan. ... Bishkek cityscape Bishkek (population in 2005 approx. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Chihuahua in Mexico Nuevo Casas Grandes, also known as Nueva Casas Grandes, is a city in Mexico. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Shinto ) is the native religion of Japan and was once its state religion. ...


To strengthen relations between the two cities, the Colorado Springs Youth Symphony regularly invites the Taiko drummers from the city to participate in a joint concert in the Pikes Peak Center. The orchestra played in Bankstown, Australia, in 2002 and again in June 2006 as part of their tours to Australia and New Zealand.


Also, in 2006, the Bankstown TAP (Talent Advancement Program), performed with the Youth Symphony, and the Colorado Springs Children's Chorale, as a part of the annual In Harmony program.


A notable similarity between Colorado Springs and its sister cities are their geographic positions, three of the six cities being located near the base of a major mountain or range. [15]


In popular culture

  • Clive Cussler sets a chapter of his thriller "Cyclops" in Colorado Springs, featuring an action scene between the President's personal investigator and a man supposedly involved in a top secret colony on the moon.
  • Robert A. Heinlein, noted sci-fi writer during the genre's Golden Age, lived in Colorado Springs during part of his career. His novel The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress featured at one point the rebel moon government raining rock-filled grain canisters down on NORAD's headquarters inside Cheyenne Mountain, incidentally destroying Colorado Springs because of the great amount of kinetic energy released on impact.
  • Peanuts creator Charles M. Schulz lived briefly in Colorado Springs in 1951, on North Franklin Street. Linus and Lucy Van Pelt were neighbors of his, for whom he named characters. He painted a wall of his home with some Peanuts characters. The wall was removed from the home in 2001 and donated to the Charles M. Schulz Museum in Santa Rosa, California.
  • Several scenes of Perry Mason: The Case of the Sinister Spirit (1987) were filmed at the Broadmoor Hotel. Several courtroom scenes in the Perry Mason movie series were filmed in the courtroom exhibit at the Pioneer's Museum (formerly the El Paso County Courthouse).
  • The Incident (1990) was filmed in the courtroom exhibit at the Pioneer's Museum (formerly the El Paso County Courthouse).[citation needed]
  • Strangeland (1998) was filmed in Colorado Springs.[citation needed]
  • Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman, an Emmy Award-winning dramatic television series starring Jane Seymour, was set in this town. Though there was some historical accuracy, the character was based on a woman from nearby Cripple Creek and the majority of the events and settings were fictional, and actual filming was done at the Paramount Ranch near Agoura Hills, California.

The TV series Stargate SG-1 has several episodes which at least partially take place in Colorado Springs; additionally SGC is based out of nearby Cheyenne Mountain, and most of the team members are shown to reside in Colorado Springs. The new Julie Penrose Fountain and two Egyptian style obelisks (in background) located in the America the Beautiful park in Colorado Springs bears a remarkable resemblance to a Stargate. Clive Eric Cussler (born July 15, 1931 in Aurora, Illinois)[1][2] is an American adventure novelist and successful marine archaeologist. ... Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was one of the most popular, influential, and controversial authors of hard science fiction. ... The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress is a 1966 science fiction novel by American writer Robert A. Heinlein, about a lunar colonys revolt against rule from Earth. ... NORAD is short for: North American Aerospace Defense Command Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Cheyenne Mountain is a mountain located on the southwest side of Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA, and is home to the Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station[1] and its Cheyenne Mountain Directorate, formerly known as the Cheyenne Mountain Operations Center (CMOC). ... The cars of a roller coaster reach their maximum kinetic energy when at the bottom of their path. ... For other uses, see Peanut (disambiguation). ... Charles Monroe Schulz (November 26, 1922[1] – February 12, 2000) was a 20th-century American cartoonist best known worldwide for his Peanuts comic strip. ... A view from the main building of the hotel facing west The Broadmoor Hotel is a 5-star luxury hotel and resort located in southwestern Colorado Springs, Colorado, in the United States. ... Perry Mason is a fictional defense attorney who originally appeared in detective fiction by Erle Stanley Gardner. ... The Incident is an American film released in 1967, directed by Larry Peerce and starring Beau Bridges, Tony Musante, Brock Peters and Martin Sheen in his first film role. ... Strangeland is a American horror film released in 1998. ... Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman is multi-Emmy Award winning western/dramatic television series in the United States, created by Beth Sullivan. ... An Emmy Award. ... Jane Seymour, OBE (born Joyce Penelope Wilhelmina Frankenberg on February 15, 1951) is an English born actress best known as the Bond girl in the James Bond film Live and Let Die and as the star of the American television series Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman and its telefilm sequels. ... The historic City of Cripple Creek is a statutory city that is the county seat of Teller County, Colorado, United States. ... For the unincorporated community, see Agoura, California. ... A television program (US), television programme (UK) or simply television show is a segment of programming in television broadcasting. ... Stargate SG-1 (often abbreviated as SG-1) is a science fiction television series, part of the Stargate franchise. ... Cheyenne Mountain is a mountain located on the southwest side of Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA, and is home to the Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station[1] and its Cheyenne Mountain Directorate, formerly known as the Cheyenne Mountain Operations Center (CMOC). ...

  • The movie Miracle shows Herb Brooks interviewing for the head coaching job for USA Hockey in Colorado Springs.
  • In the movie The Sum Of All Fears the Russian president asks a military adviser how many people live in Colorado Springs, as he weighs the ramifications of the use of nuclear weapons against the city. This highlights the strategic importance of the military-centered city.
  • By including Colorado Springs as the home of inventor Nikola Tesla, played by David Bowie, the film The Prestige dates itself to the years 1899 or 1900, when Tesla used the city for a series of electricity experiments. The Cliff House at Pikes Peak in nearby Manitou Springs is the basis for the hotel used in the film.
  • Under the fictional name of Cody, Colorado, the 2006 movie "Fast Food Nation" features a fictional meat packing plant set to a number of panoramic shots of Colorado Springs, including Pikes Peak, Cheyenne Mountain, the Front Range, as well as the McDonald's located on Academy Boulevard and San Miguel Street.
  • In the second Allied mission of Command and Conquer: Red Alert 2, the player is required to recapture the United States Air Force Academy from Soviet forces. It is within Colorado Springs' range.
  • The titular characters' home in the Adult Swim cartoon The Venture Bros. is located in Colorado Springs.

Miracle (2004) is an American biographical sports film about the United States mens hockey team, led by head coach, Herb Brooks, that won the gold medal in the 1980 Winter Olympics. ... For the movie of the same name, see The Sum of All Fears (film). ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ... Nikola Tesla (Nih koh la TESS lah) [2](Serbian Cyrillic: ) (10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was an inventor, physicist, mechanical and electrical engineer. ... David Bowie (pronounced ) (born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947) is an English musician, actor, producer, arranger, and audio engineer. ... The Prestige is a 2006 period film directed by Christopher Nolan, with a screenplay adapted from the 1995 World Fantasy Award-winning novel of the same name by Christopher Priest. ... Part of the commercial district Manitou Springs is a city located in El Paso County, Colorado. ... For the film, see Fast Food Nation (film). ... This article is about the mountain in Colorado. ... Cheyenne Mountain is a mountain located on the southwest side of Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA, and is home to the Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station[1] and its Cheyenne Mountain Directorate, formerly known as the Cheyenne Mountain Operations Center (CMOC). ... The Front Range is shown highlighted on a map of the western United States The Front Range is a mountain range in the United States on the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains, and on the western edge of the Great Plains. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants, primarily selling hamburgers, chicken, french fries, milkshakes and soft drinks. ... The United States Air Force Academy (USAFA or Air Force),[1] located immediately north of Colorado Springs in El Paso County, Colorado, United States, is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers for the United States Air Force. ... Soviet redirects here. ... Adult Swim, usually stylized [adult swim], is an adult-oriented television network sharing channel space with Cartoon Network in the United States. ... The Venture Bros. ...

See also

The 270 active municipalities of the State of Colorado operate under one of five types of municipal governing authority:[1][2] Consolidated City and County – Only Denver and Broomfield have consolidated city and county governments: The City and County of Denver operates under Article XX, Section 4 of the Constitution... The Colorado Springs Metropolitan Statistical Area is a United States Census Bureau defined Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) located in the Colorado Springs region of the State of Colorado. ... El Paso County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. ... The Front Range Urban Corridor is an oblong region of urban population located along the eastern face of the Southern Rocky Mountains in the U.S. states of Colorado and Wyoming. ... Pikes Peak Library District (PPLD) is the local district of community public Libraries in the Colorado Springs, Colorado area. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Active Colorado Municipalities (HTML). State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved on 2007-09-01.
  2. ^ Colorado Municipal Incorporations (HTML). State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives (2004-12-01). Retrieved on 2007-09-02.
  3. ^ ZIP Code Lookup (JavaScript/HTML). United States Postal Service. Retrieved on [[September 7]], 2007.
  4. ^ Find a County. National Association of Counties. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2005 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005 (CSV). 2005 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division (June 20, 2006). Retrieved on December 13, 2006.
  6. ^ http://www.springsgov.com/units/planning/COMPPLANREVIEW/Annual_Report2007/PopulationEmployment.pdf
  7. ^ Estimates of Population Change for Metropolitan Statistical Areas and Rankings: July 1, 2007 to July 1, 2007
  8. ^ http://money.cnn.com/magazines/moneymag/bplive/2006/top100/bigcities.html
  9. ^ a b Rankings for Metropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005 (CSV). 2005 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division (June 21, 2006). Retrieved on December 13, 2006.
  10. ^ US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990. United States Census Bureau (2005-05-03). Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ COSMIX Project Home Page
  13. ^ Powers freeway debate restarts | Gazette, The (Colorado Springs) | Find Articles at BNET.com
  14. ^ http://www.nosuperslab.org/crap/how_to.html
  15. ^ a b Colorado Springs Airport - News Releases
  16. ^ Magazine calls Sacramento a fast city - Sacramento Business Journal:
  17. ^ Colorado Springs Gazette
  18. ^ [1](2006-2007 Southern Colorado Economic Forum Publication pg 18)
  19. ^ Sept 2007, Tammy Fields, Colorado Springs Economic Development Corporation

HTML, an initialism of HyperText Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for web pages. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... HTML, an initialism of HyperText Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for web pages. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... JavaScript is a scripting language most often used for client-side web development. ... HTML, an initialism of HyperText Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for web pages. ... USPS and Usps redirect here. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The comma-separated values (or CSV; also known as a comma-separated list or comma-separated variables) file format is a file type that stores tabular data. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The comma-separated values (or CSV; also known as a comma-separated list or comma-separated variables) file format is a file type that stores tabular data. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Colorado Springs, Colorado - USA Tourist (1090 words)
Colorado Springs, Colorado is located on the eastern front of the Colorado Rockies, 66 miles (106 km) south of Denver and 278 miles (448 km) north of Albuquerque, New Mexico.
Colorado Springs sits more than a mile above sea level at an elevation of 6,035 feet (1839 m.) with some areas lower and higher because of the mountainous terrain.
Colorado Springs experiences moderate temperatures year round and avoids harsh weather due to its protection from two natural barriers: the Monument Divide to the north and The Rocky Mountains to the west.
Colorado Springs, Colorado - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4686 words)
Colorado Springs was founded in August 1871 by General William Palmer, with the intention of creating a high quality resort community, and was soon nicknamed "Little London" because of the many English tourists who came.
Lon Chaney was born in Colorado Springs on April 1, 1883.
Bobby Unser was born in Colorado Springs on February 20, 1934.
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