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Encyclopedia > Colonial Parkway
Colonial Parkway entrance, Colonial National Historical Park in Virginia, National Parks Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
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Colonial Parkway entrance, Colonial National Historical Park in Virginia, National Parks Service, U.S. Department of the Interior

Colonial Parkway is a scenic 23-mile parkway linking the 3 popular attractions of Virginia's Historic Triangle of colonial-era communities, Jamestown, Williamsburg, and Yorktown. It is part of the National Park Service's Colonial National Historical Park. Image File history File links Colonial_Parkway-entrance. ... Image File history File links Colonial_Parkway-entrance. ... The Historic Triangle is located on the Virginia Peninsula of the United States and includes the colonial communities of Jamestown, Williamsburg, and Yorktown, with many restored attractions linked by the Colonial Parkway. ... Jamestown was a village by the James River in Virginia, about 45 miles (70 kilometers) southeast of where Richmond, Virginia, is now. ... Williamsburg is a city located on the Virginia Peninsula in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia. ... Yorktown is a census-designated place located in York County, Virginia. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States Federal Government agency that deals with all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation properties with various designations. ... Colonial National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park located in the southeastern part of Virginia, near Williamsburg and Newport News. ...


Built between 1930 and 1957, the Colonial Parkway joins the three with a scenic and bucolic roadway carefully shielded from views of commercial development; a major effort has also been made to keep traffic signs and other modern roadside items to a minimum, and make them unobtrusive where unavoidable. This helps visitors mentally return to the past, and there are often views of wildlife and waterfowl in addition to the river panoramas near each end. 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... [[image:White-taLink titleiled deer. ... Falcated Duck at Slimbridge Wildfowl and Wetlands centre, Gloucestershire, England Wildfowl or waterfowl, also waterbirds, is the collective term for the approximately 147 species of swans, geese and ducks, classified in the order Anseriformes, family Anatidae. ... The Murray River in Australia. ...


The roadway is free of trucks and is a popular (but not the quickest) way to move by motor vehicle between the three points, especially for tourists. Near the James River and York River ends of the parkway, there are several pull-offs, where some families allow their children to feed bread to the seagulls. (Since 9/11, several of those closest to Yorktown, where the Naval Weapons Station has facilities, have been closed for security reasons.) It is toll-free, and the moderate speed limits and public safety are both well-protected by the United States Park Police. The James River in the U.S. state of Virginia is 547. ... York River can refer to: The York River in Virginia in the United States. ... 9-11 can refer to: The September 11, 2001 attacks A collection of interviews of Noam Chomsky by a variety of European publications and individual interviewers during the month after the September 11, 2001 attacks September 11 (month-day date notation) 9 November (day-month date notation) The North American... Naval Weapons Station Yorktown is a United States Navy base in Virginia. ... The United States Park Police is the oldest uniformed federal law enforcement agency in the United States. ...

Contents


History

The Colonial Parkway took over 25 years to create from concept to completion. In 1930, a survey of the area was undertaken by National Parks Service (NPS) engineering and landscape architect professionals for a 500-foot right-of-way for the parkway. Initial proposals called for the parkway to follow an inland route along colonial-era roads, but they decided to align the road along the York River through U.S. Navy land to avoid grade crossings, extensive tangents, modern intrusions and other "visual junk." They used a model of a limited access highway with broad sweeping curves, set in a meticulously landscaped right-of-way devoid of commercial development. These features, derived from 19th-century romantic landscape theories, created a safer and more pleasant drive compared to the increasingly congested urban strips. In addition to protecting the views, culvert headwalls and parkway underpasses were clad in antiquated "Virginia-style" brick laid in English and Flemish bonds to promote a "colonial-era" effect. 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Right-of-way is a legal term which may have any of several meanings: priority at a crossing, or in traffic. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... A limited-access highway is a highway where access is limited. ...


The land for ten miles of the route between Yorktown and Williamsburg was given to the NPS free of charge, and construction began on this portion. By 1937, the road was completed to just outside Williamsburg. There was some debate over the routing in the Williamsburg area, and eventually a tunnel was selected. 1937 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ...


The tunnel under the historic district of Colonial Williamsburg was completed by 1942, but opening was delayed by World War II and some structural and flooding problems. It finally opened for traffic in 1949, leaving only the Williamsburg-to-Jamestown section to be built. This article is about the year. ... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th-century conflict that engulfed much of the globe... 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ...

Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain and her consort Prince Phillip inspect replica of Susan Constant at Jamestown Festival Park on October 16, 1957
Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain and her consort Prince Phillip inspect replica of Susan Constant at Jamestown Festival Park on October 16, 1957

During the early 1950s in anticipation of the 1957 350th anniversary of Jamestown's founding, the park finalized plans to complete the parkway, still following the high design standards. Several long fills were required near the James River and workers rebuilt the isthmus to Jamestown Island which had been severed by weather since the colonial days when Jamestown was actually a peninsula. Other major improvements at the southern terminus included development of Jamestown Island as part of the Colonial National Historical Park and the adjacent Jamestown Festival Park, which was largely state-funded by Virginia. Image File history File links Queen_elizabeth_and_prince_phillip. ... Image File history File links Queen_elizabeth_and_prince_phillip. ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Isthmus of Panama connects North and South America. ... A peninsula is a geographical formation consisting of an extension of land from a larger body, surrounded by water on three sides. ... Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain and her consort Prince Phillip inspect replica of Susan Constant at Jamestown Festival Park in Virginia on October 16, 1957 Jamestown Festival Park was established at Jamestown, Virginia in 1957 to mark the 350th anniversary of the founding of the Jamestown Settlement. ...


On April 27, 1957, the Colonial Parkway was opened for traffic along the entire route between Yorktown and Jamestown. Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain and her consort, Prince Philip made a state visit that year on October 16. It has enjoyed popular use by tourists to one of the world's most-visited areas ever since. April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor, born 21 April 1926), styled Her Majesty The Queen, is the Queen regnant of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent... HRH The Duke of Edinburgh His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (Philip Mountbatten), styled HRH The Duke of Edinburgh (born June 10, 1921), is the consort of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. ...


The Colonial Parkway has been carefully maintained. This also has not been an easy task. Priority is given wetlands ecosystems and the natural growth as well as wildlife and waterfowl preservation. The scenic shoreline areas along the two major tidal rivers present extra challenges with many bridges and fills. Occasionally, East Coast hurricanes such as Hurricane Isabel in 2003 inflict significant natural damage, and require closure of portions of the Parkway for repairs. A subtropical wetland in Florida, USA, with an endangered American Crocodile. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ... Hurricane Isabel was a major hurricane of the 2003 Atlantic hurricane season which made landfall on September 18, 2003 just south of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina around 1:00 PM eastern time. ...


It has also been necessary to zealously protect the Parkway from commercial intrusions, especially as the Virginia Peninsula's resident population has more than tripled since 1930, and tourism has greatly increased. Improvements such as the overpass crossings of busy Interstate 64 and upgrades of Virginia State Highway 199, a semi-circular Williamsburg Beltway, and U.S. Highway 17 at Yorktown, all major traffic arteries, were accomplished in a manner so as to be manner to be virtually unnoticeable to travelers along the Parkway. Even the CSX Transportation railroad line which crosses with Amtrak service to Williamsburg and Newport News is carefully shielded from view. The Virginia Peninsula is a peninsula in southeast Virginia, bounded by the York River, James River, Hampton Roads, and Chesapeake Bay. ... Interstate 64 is an Interstate Highway in the eastern United States. ... Virginia State Highway 199, informally known as the Williamsburg Beltway, is located in the eastern part of the US state of Virginia. ... Virginia State Highway 199, informally known as the Williamsburg Beltway, is located in the eastern part of the US state of Virginia. ... MAJOR JUNCTIONS JUNCTION POSTMILE {{{junction}}} Legend BROWSE STATE HWYS {{{browse}}} United States Highway 17 is a north-south United States highway. ... CSX Transportation (AAR reporting mark CSXT) is a Class I railroad in the United States, owned by CSX Corporation. ... Amtrak is the trademark name of the intercity passenger train system created on May 1, 1971 in the United States. ... Newport News, Hampton, Portsmouth and Norfolk, Virginia from space, July 1996 Newport News is an independent city located in Virginia. ...


Traffic rules

Canadian geese as pedestrians have the right-of-way on the Colonial Parkway. The unusual unmarked pavement seems to have three lanes, with signs which warn "Passing With Care". Traffic safety for the wildlife and tourists on the low speed Parkway is provided by United States Park Police
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Canadian geese as pedestrians have the right-of-way on the Colonial Parkway. The unusual unmarked pavement seems to have three lanes, with signs which warn "Passing With Care". Traffic safety for the wildlife and tourists on the low speed Parkway is provided by United States Park Police

The Colonial Parkway is free of trucks and commercial vehicles except passenger-carrying buses. The low speed limits help protect both the wildlife and tourists. The unmarked pavement is made of rounded "river gravel" set in a concrete-mix, providing an unusual earth tone color. Since the Parkway is intended primarily for sightseeing, and only secondarily as a through route to the historic points, there are many pull-offs (although several of the larger ones in the middle section of the Parkway have been closed for security reasons). Image File history File links Colonial-Parkway-geese. ... Image File history File links Colonial-Parkway-geese. ...


The Parkway has no painted traffic lane-marking lines (presumably to enhance the historical feeling). Some stretches are posted "Passing With Care", but is is important to be vigilant for oncoming traffic which may also be passing and sharing the center of the roadway. The more popular pull-off are near the James River and York River ends of the parkway, where there are panoramic views across each river. The moderate speed limits and safety (for all creatures) are well-protected by the United States Park Police. The James River in the U.S. state of Virginia is 547. ... York River can refer to: The York River in Virginia in the United States. ... The United States Park Police is the oldest uniformed federal law enforcement agency in the United States. ...


Jamestown

The western end of the parkway begins at Jamestown, where the colony was also also begun in 1607 on the shore of the James River. Some visitors begin their experience approaching the entire area from the south via Virginia State Highway 10 to Surry, and then across the James River and arriving by water on the toll-free Jamestown Ferry. Passengers can get out of their automobiles during the 15-minute ride and usually see the Jamestown Island much as the first colonists may have approached it. In fact, the replicas of Christopher Newport's the three tiny ships, Susan Constant, Godspeed, and Discovery are docked near the northern ferry landing. Jamestown was a village by the James River in Virginia, about 45 miles (70 kilometers) southeast of where Richmond, Virginia, is now. ... Events January 20 - Tidal wave swept along the Bristol Channel, killing 2000 people. ... Virginia State Highway 10 runs between Richmond and Suffolk. ... Surry is a town located in Surry County, Virginia. ... Jamestown Ferry (also known as the Jamestown-Scotland Ferry) is an automobile ferry on the James River in Virginia, connecting Jamestown in James City County with Scotland in Surry County. ... Christopher Newport (c. ... Susan Constant was the largest of three ships of the English East India Company led by Captain Christopher Newport on the voyage which resulted in the founding of Jamestown in the new Colony of Virginia in 1607. ... Godspeed was one of the three ships of the English East India Company led by Captain Christopher Newport on the voyage which resulted in the founding of Jamestown in the new Colony of Virginia in 1607. ... Discovery was a 70-ton fly-boat of the English East India Company, launched before 1602. ...


Williamsburg

The middle point of the Parkway is Williamsburg, where the capital of the colony was moved from Jamestown in 1699. The parkway tunnels under the historic district, a good example of the care taken to preserve the ambiance of the restored area. Largely due to the 20th century preservation efforts of the Reverend Dr. W.A.R. Goodwin, rector of Bruton Parish Church and the generosity of Standard Oil heir John D. Rockefeller Jr., today Colonial Williamsburg is a large living museum of early American life. It has dozens of restored and recreated buildings and reenactors. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. Williamsburg is a city located on the Virginia Peninsula in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia. ... Events January 26 - Treaty of Karlowitz signed March 30 - the tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa. ... A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ... Reverend Dr. W. A. R. Goodwin (1869-1939), was the rector of Bruton Parish Church who began the 20th century effort which resulted in the preservation and restoration of Colonial Williamsburg in Virginia . The Reverend Dr. William Archer Rutherfoord Goodwin (1869-1939) (or W.A.R. Goodwin as he preferred... Bruton Parish Church is located in the restored area of Colonial Williamsburg in Williamsburg, Virginia. ... Standard Oil (1863 - 1911) was a large integrated oil producing, transporting, refining, and marketing organization. ... John D. Rockefeller, Jr. ... Colonial Williamsburg is the historic district of the independent city of Williamsburg, Virginia. ...


The Visitors Center (right off the Colonial Parkway) features a short movie and is an excellent place to start. It is also a good place to park automobiles, which are restricted from the restored area. Wheelchair-accessible shuttle bus service is provided from the Visitors Center. From the Williamsburg exits of the Parkway, commercial areas of lodging, fuel, food, etc. are easily accessible as well. A bus is a large wheeled vehicle, intended to carry numerous persons in addition to the driver. ...


Yorktown

The eastern end of the Parkway is Yorktown where General Cornwallis surrendered to George Washington in 1781, ending the American Revolution. There are two large visitor centers, each with a different theme, several extensive battlefield drives, and a waterfront area. Yorktown is a census-designated place located in York County, Virginia. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732–December 14, 1799) was an American planter, political figure, and military leader. ... Before the Revolution: The 13 colonies are in red, the pink area was claimed by Great Britain after the French and Indian War, and the orange region was claimed by Spain. ...


Trivia

  • The tunnel under the Colonial Williamsburg historic district was not originally planned. It arose as a innovative solution over two potential surface road alignments, each of which had significant opposition.
  • The parkway was closed through Navy lands near Yorktown during World War II. New utility lines and access roads were built across the parkway to serve defense needs and the road was used for convoy training. In 1945, the U.S. Navy agreed to halt all transports on the parkway and help in the restoration of the landscape destroyed during three years of wartime use.
  • The Colonial Parkway is one of the last roads, if not the last, in the United States to appear to have a center suicide lane for passing by cars traveling in either direction. Some claim that the road is meant to carry only two lanes, but it has three slabs of concrete, with no painted lines, and drivers in general treat it as three lanes.[1] [2]
  • The only commercial vehicles allowed on the Parkway are passenger-carrying vehicles such as tour buses.
  • The lower speed limits and few exits combine to help preserve the road for tourists by making it an unattractive short-cut for most local traffic and commuters.
  • Despite a federal policy instituted late in the 20th century of requiring user fees at many National Parks and Monuments, the Colonial Parkway has remained toll-free.
  • The Colonial National Historical Park maintains a website to help visitors plan their experience. The computer-savy children of some families and school groups can help their parents and teachers plan the experience on-line. VDOT also maintain schedules for the toll-free Jamestown Ferry on-line. (See external links at end of article).

World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th-century conflict that engulfed much of the globe... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... Historically, a suicide lane has referred to a lane in the center of a highway meant for passing in both directions. ... Jamestown Ferry (also known as the Jamestown-Scotland Ferry) is an automobile ferry on the James River in Virginia, connecting Jamestown in James City County with Scotland in Surry County. ...

See Also

Virginia State Highway 5 runs between the independent cities of Richmond and Williamsburg. ... This article is about the city in Virginia. ... Virginia State Highway 10 runs between Richmond and Suffolk. ... Location in Virginia Founded  -Incorporated 1742 {{{incorporated}}}  County Independent city Mayor Bobby L. Ralph Area  - Total  - Water 1,111. ... Waterfront at City Point, Virginia (now Hopewell) in 1865 Hopewell is an independent city in the state of Virginia. ... City Point is the name of two places in the United States: City Point, Virginia an extinct town now a portion of Hopewell, Virginia City Point, Wisconsin a town located in Jackson County, Wisconsin This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... Smithfield is a town located in Isle of Wight County, in the South Hampton Roads region of Virginia in the United States. ... Hampton Roads, from state map of pre-civil war Virginia circa 1858 Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water and the land areas which surround it in southeastern Virginia in the United States. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Virginia Roads - Colonial Parkway (263 words)
Colonial Parkway is part of a linear national park between Jamestown and Yorktown, via Williamsburg.
Part of the design stipulation for the Parkway was having all structures fit with the environment, somewhat like the Merritt Parkway in Connecticut, which pretty much translates to brick and stone.
The tunnel is underneath the heart of Colonial Williamsburg, captured here facing NB from the end of VA 132Y (a short parking lot connector running to VA 132).
Colonial Parkway - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1768 words)
Colonial Parkway is a scenic 23-mile (37 km) parkway linking the 3 popular attractions of Virginia's Historic Triangle of colonial-era communities, Jamestown, Williamsburg, and Yorktown.
The middle point of the Parkway is Williamsburg, where the capital of the colony was moved from Jamestown in 1699.
The Colonial Parkway is one of the last roads, if not the last, in the United States to appear to have a center suicide lane for passing by cars traveling in either direction.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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