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Encyclopedia > Cologne
Köln
Cologne
Cologne Cathedral with Hohenzollern Bridge
Coat of arms Location
Administration
Country Flag of Germany Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Cologne
District Urban district
Mayor F. Schramma (CDU)
Basic statistics
Area 405.15 km² (156.4 sq mi)
Elevation 37 m  (121 ft)
Population 991,395  (30/06/2007)
 - Density 2,447 /km² (6,338 /sq mi)
Founded 50 AD
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate K
Postal codes 50441–51149
Area code 0221
Website www.stadt-koeln.de

Coordinates: 50°57′0″N 06°58′0″E / 50.95, 6.96667 Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1001, 1327 KB) Hohenzollernbrücke (bridge), cathedral, museum. ... The Cologne Cathedral (German: , officially ) is the seat of the Archbishop of Cologne, under the administration of the Roman Catholic Church and is renowned as a monument of Christianity, of Gothic architecture and of the faith and perseverance of the people of the city in which it stands. ... Hohenzollern bridge Hohenzollern bridge, with Cologne Cathedral and Museum Ludwig in the background The Hohenzollernbrücke (German for: Hohenzollern bridge) is a bridge crossing the river Rhine in the German city of Cologne. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Cologne. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... Coat of arms Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DEA Capital Düsseldorf Prime Minister Jürgen Rüttgers (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  34,084 km² (13,160 sq mi) Population 18,033,000... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Cologne is one of the five Regierungsbezirke of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the south-west of the country. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Burgomaster (alternatively spelled Burgomeister, literally translated meaning master of the citizens) is the English form, rendering (often the Anglo-Saxon equivalent Mayor is substituted) various terms in or derived from Germanic languages for the chief magistrate and/or chairman of the executive council of a sub-national level of administration... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU — Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the second largest political party in Germany. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article is about the year 50. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... A website (alternatively, web site or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers, usually accessible via the Internet. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Cologne (German: , IPA[kœln]; local dialect: Kölle [ˈkœɫə]) is Germany's fourth-largest city after Berlin, Hamburg and Munich, and is the largest city both in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than ten million inhabitants. It is one of the oldest cities in Germany, having been founded by the Romans in the year 38 BC. Cologne was granted the status of a Roman "city" in the year 50 AD. Image File history File links De-Köln. ... Kölsch is a very closely related small set of dialects, or variants, of the Ripuarian Middle German group of languages. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... Coat of arms Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DEA Capital Düsseldorf Prime Minister Jürgen Rüttgers (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  34,084 km² (13,160 sq mi) Population 18,033,000... The Rhine-Ruhr Area in Germany ranks among the large metropolitan areas in the world, with 11,233,678 people. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ...


Cologne lies on the River Rhine. The city's famous Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom) is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Cologne. The University of Cologne (Universität zu Köln) is one of Europe's oldest universities. For other uses, see Rhine (disambiguation). ... The Cologne Cathedral (German: , officially ) is the seat of the Archbishop of Cologne, under the administration of the Roman Catholic Church and is renowned as a monument of Christianity, of Gothic architecture and of the faith and perseverance of the people of the city in which it stands. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... The Archbishopric of Cologne was one of the major ecclesiastical principalities of the Holy Roman Empire. ... The University of Cologne (German Universität zu Köln) is one of the oldest universities in Europe and, with over 44. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Cologne is a major cultural centre of the Rhineland and has a vibrant arts scene. Cologne is home to more than 30 museums and hundreds of galleries. Exhibitions range from local ancient Roman archaeological sites to contemporary graphics and sculpture. The city's Trade Fair Grounds are host to a number of trade shows such as the Art Cologne Fair, the International Furniture Fair (IMM) and the Photokina. Cologne is also well known for its celebration of Cologne Carnival and the LGBT festival Christopher Street Day (CSD). The Rhineland (Rheinland in German) is the general name for the land on both sides of the river Rhine in the west of Germany. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... An archaeological site is a place (or group of physical sites) in which evidence of past activity is preserved (either prehistoric or historic or contemporary), and which has been investigated using the discipline of archaeology. ... Cologne Trade Fair are a International Exhibition Center located in Cologne, Germany. ... Art Cologne is an art fair hold annualy in Cologne, Germany. ... Photokina is a trade fair for the photographic and imaging industries. ... Das Kölner Dreigestirn 2005 (Jungfrau, Prinz, Bauer) Kölner Rosenmontagszug (2004) The Cologne carnival is a carnival that takes place in Cologne every year starting at 11:11 on November 11 culminating in a week-long street festival leading up to Ash Wednesday. ... The President of the German Bundestag (Parliament), Wolfgang Thierse, addresses the crowd at CSD Berlin 2001. ...


Within Germany, Cologne is known as an important media centre. Several radio and television stations, including Westdeutscher Rundfunk (WDR), RTL and VOX (TV channel), are based in the city. The city also hosts the Cologne Comedy Festival, which is considered to be the largest comedy festival in mainland Europe.[1] The Westdeutsche Rundfunk (WDR) is a public broadcaster in the German Bundesland North Rhine-Westphalia with its main office is in Köln. ... RTL (formerly RTL plus) is a German commercial television station distributed via cable and satellite along with DVB-T (Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial, in larger population centers). ... VOX is a commercial television channel in Germany. ... The Cologne Comedy Festival is an international festival of comedy held in Cologne, Germany every year since 1991. ...


In 2005 Cologne hosted the 20th Roman Catholic World Youth Day with Pope Benedict XVI. It was one of the largest-ever meetings, with over a million participants. World Youth Day in Cologne The 20th World Youth Day 2005 was a Catholic youth festival that started on August 16 and continued until August 21, 2005 in Cologne, Germany. ... Papal Arms of Pope Benedict XVI. The papal tiara was replaced with a bishops mitre, and pallium of the Pope was added beneath the coat of arms. ...

Contents

Demographics

Cologne is the fourth-largest city in Germany in terms of inhabitants after Berlin, Hamburg and Munich. Officially, the city still has somewhat fewer than a million inhabitants (as of December 31, 2006: 989,766[2]). However, this might change rapidly as the city's registration rules will change in the course of 2007. Cologne is the centre of an urban area of around 2 million inhabitants (including the neighbouring cities of Bonn, Hürth, Leverkusen, and Bergisch-Gladbach). This article is about the capital of Germany. ... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany. ... Hürth is a city in the Rhein-Erft-Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Leverkusen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Old town hall of Bergisch Gladbach Old castle and town hall of Bensberg Bergisch Gladbach is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located east of Cologne. ...


According to local statistics, in 2006 the population density in the city was 2,528 inhabitants per square kilometer. 31.4 percent of the population has migrated there, and 17.2 percent of Cologne's population is non-German. The largest group, comprising 6.3 percent of the total population, is Turkish[3]. As of September 2007, there are about 120,000 Muslims living in Cologne, mostly of Turkish origin [4].


In the city the population was spread out with 15.5% under the age of 18, 67.0% from 18 to 64 and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females there were 95 males[5].

Panoramic image of Cologne
Panoramic image of Cologne
Panoramic image of Cologne

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x340, 238 KB) Panorama Cologne, Germany. ...

Administration

Cologne is incorporated under the Gemeindeordnung Nordrhein-Westfalen (GO NRW) (Municipality Code of North Rhine-Westphalia). The city's administration is headed by a mayor (Oberbürgermeister) and three deputy mayors. Cologne was the first city in Germany with a tax specifically for prostitution (see prostitution in Germany). Coat of arms Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DEA Capital Düsseldorf Prime Minister Jürgen Rüttgers (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  34,084 km² (13,160 sq mi) Population 18,033,000... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Whore redirects here. ... A prostitute in Germany, 1999 Prostitution in Germany is legal and widespread. ...


Coat of arms

The three crowns symbolise the Magi (Three Wise Men) whose bones are said to be kept in a golden sarcophagus in Cologne Cathedral (see Shrine of the Three Kings at Cologne Cathedral). In 1164, Rainald of Dassel, the archbishop of Cologne, brought the relics to the city, making it a major pilgrimage destination. This led to the design of the current cathedral as the predecessor was considered too small to accommodate the pilgrims. For other uses, see Magi (disambiguation). ... The Etruscan Sarcophagus of the Spouses, at the National Etruscan Museum. ... The Shrine of the Three Kings in Cologne cathedral. ... Rainald of Dassel (c. ... For other uses, see Relic (disambiguation). ... This article is about the religious or spiritual journey. ...


The eleven tears are a reminder of Cologne's patron, Saint Ursula, a Britannic princess, and her legendary 11,000 virgin companions who were supposedly martyred by Attila the Hun at Cologne for their Christian faith in 383. (The entourage of Ursula and the number of victims was significantly smaller; according to one source, the original legend referred to only eleven companions and the number was later inflated by relic traders.[6]) Saint Ursula on the coat-of-arms of British Virgin Islands Ursula (small female bear in Latin) is a British Christian saint. ... Attila redirects here. ... Topics in Christianity Preaching Prayer Ecumenism Relation to other religions Movements Music Liturgy Calendar Symbols Art Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ...


Culture

Cologne is well-known for its beer, called Kölsch. Kölsch is also the name of the local dialect. This has led to the common joke that Kölsch is the only language you can drink. Kranz (Wreath) of Kölsch Kölsch Kölsch is a local beer speciality, brewed in Cologne, Germany. ... Kölsch is a very closely related small set of dialects, or variants, of the Ripuarian Middle German group of languages. ...


Cologne is also famous for Eau de Cologne (Kölnisch Wasser). At the beginning of the 18th century, Italian expatriate Johann Maria Farina (1685-1766) created a new fragrance and named it after his hometown Cologne, Eau de Cologne (Water of Cologne). In the course of the 18th century the fragrance became increasingly popular. Eventually, Cologne merchant Wilhelm Mülhens secured the name Farina, which at that time had become a household name for Eau de Cologne, under contract and opened a small factory at Cologne's Glockengasse. In later years, and under pressure from court battles, his grandson Ferdinand Mülhens chose a new name for the firm and their product. It was the house number that was given to the factory at Glockengasse during French occupation of the Rhineland in the early 19th century, number 4711. In 1994, the Mülhens family sold their company to German Wella corporation. In 2003 Procter & Gamble took over Wella. Today, original Eau de Cologne still is produced in Cologne by both the Farina family (Farina gegenüber since 1709), currently in the eighth generation, and by Mäurer and Wirtz who bought the 4711 brand in December 2006. Original Eau de Cologne Bottle of Original Eau de Cologne Bottle of Eau de Cologne Trojnoj Eau de Cologne (French for water of Cologne, Kölnisch Wasser in German) is a type of light perfume that originated in Cologne, Germany and is defined by its typical concentration of about 2... Johann Maria Farina Johann Maria Farina (1685 - 1766) - also known as Giovanni Maria Farina - was the Cologne perfume maker primarily responsible for establishing Eau-de-Cologne as a brand. ... Ferdinand Mülhens Ferdinand Mülhens (* 23 December 1844 in Cologne; † 15 January 1928) was a land owner and entrepreneur in Königswinter, Germany. ... The Rhineland (Rheinland in German) is the general name for the land on both sides of the river Rhine in the west of Germany. ... 4711 is the Eau de Cologne brand of Mäurer & Wirtz and is produced in Cologne, Germany. ... Wella is one of the world’s leading cosmetics suppliers. ... Procter & Gamble Co. ...


Carnival

Cologne carnival is one of the biggest street festivals in Europe. It is held annually; the season starts officially on 11 November at 11 minutes past 11 with the proclamation of the new Carnival Season, and it continues until Ash Wednesday. But the so-called "Tolle Tage" (mad days) don`t start until Weiberfastnacht (Women's Carnival) or, in dialect, Wieverfastelovend (Thursday before Ash Wednesday), which is the beginning of the street carnival. Hundreds of thousands of visitors flock to Cologne during this time. Generally around a million people are celebrating in the streets on the Thursday before Ash Wednesday.[7] Das Kölner Dreigestirn 2005 (Jungfrau, Prinz, Bauer) Kölner Rosenmontagszug (2004) The Cologne carnival is a carnival that takes place in Cologne every year starting at 11:11 on November 11 culminating in a week-long street festival leading up to Ash Wednesday. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


History

Main article: History of Cologne

The History of Cologne, Germanys oldest major city, can be broken into several periods. ...

Roman Cologne

The first urban settlement on the grounds of what today is the centre of Cologne was Oppidum Ubiorum, which was founded in 38 BC by the Ubii, a Germanic tribe. Cologne became acknowledged as a city by the Romans in 50 AD by the name of Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium. Considerable Roman remains can be found in contemporary Cologne, especially near the wharf area, where a notable discovery of a 1900 year old Roman boat was made in late 2007.[8] From 260 to 271 Cologne was the capital of the Gallic Empire under Postumus, Marius and Victorinus. In 310 under Constantine a bridge was built over the Rhine at Cologne. The Ubii were a Germanic tribe first encountered dwelling on the right bank of the Rhine in the time of Julius Caesar, who formed an alliance with them in 55 BC in order to launch attacks across the river. ... Thor/Donar, Germanic thunder god. ... The Gallic Empire (in Latin, imperium Galliarum) is the modern name for the independent realm that lived a brief existence during the Roman Empires Crisis of the Third Century, from 260 to 274. ... Marcus Cassianius Latinius Postumus was emperor of the Gallic Empire from AD 259 to 268. ... Marcus Aurelius Marius was emperor of the Gallic Empire in 268. ... Marcus Piav(v)onius Victorinus was emperor of the successionist Gallic Empire from 268 to 270 or 271, following the brief reign of Marius. ... Head of Constantines colossal statue at Musei Capitolini Gaius Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus[1] (February 27, 272–May 22, 337), commonly known as Constantine I, Constantine the Great, or (among Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic[2] Christians) Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor, proclaimed Augustus by his troops on... This article is about the structure. ...


Maternus, who was elected as bishop in 313, was the first known bishop of Cologne. The city was the capital of a Roman province until occupied by the Franks in 459. In 785, Cologne became the seat of an archbishopric. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      This article... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ...


Middle Ages

During the time of the Holy Roman Empire in the Middle Ages, the Archbishop of Cologne was one of the seven prince-electors and one of the three ecclesiastical electors. The archbishops had ruled large temporal domains but in 1288 Sigfried II von Westerburg was defeated in the Battle of Worringen and forced into exile at Bonn. This article is about the medieval empire. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... The Archbishopric of Cologne was one of the major ecclesiastical principalities of the Holy Roman Empire. ... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire — German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) — were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ... The Battle of Worringen was fought on June 5, 1288 near the town of Worringen (also called Woeringen), nowadays a suburb of Cologne. ... Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany. ...


Cologne's location on the river Rhine placed it at the intersection of the major trade routes between east and west and was the basis of Cologne's growth. Cologne was a member of the Hanseatic League and became an Free Imperial City in 1475. Interestingly the archbishop nevertheless preserved the right of capital punishment. Thus, the municipal council (though in strict political opposition towards the archbishop) depended upon him in all matters concerning criminal jurisdiction. This included torture, which sentence was only allowed to be handed down by the episcopal judge, the so-called "Greve". This legal situation lasted until the French conquest of Cologne. A trade route is the sequence of pathways and stopping places used for the commercial transport of cargo. ... Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ... In the Holy Roman Empire, a free imperial city (in German: freie Reichsstadt) was a city formally responsible to the emperor only — as opposed to the majority of cities in the Empire, which belonged to a territory and were thus governed by one of the many princes (Fürsten) of... Death penalty, death sentence, and execution redirect here. ...


Besides its economic and political significance Cologne also became an outstanding centre of medieval pilgrimage, when Cologne's Archbishop Rainald of Dassel gave the relics of the Three Wise Men to Cologne's cathedral in 1164 (after they in fact had been captured from Milan). Besides the three magi Cologne preserves the relics of Saint Ursula and Albertus Magnus. Rainald of Dassel (c. ... Adoration of the Magi by Bartolomé Esteban Murillo In Christian tradition the Magi, also known as the Three Wise Men, The Three Kings, or Kings from the east, are sometimes considered to be Median, perhaps Zoroastrian priests, who were also proficient in astrology from Ancient Persia. ... For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). ... Saint Ursula on the coat-of-arms of British Virgin Islands Ursula (small female bear in Latin) is a British Christian saint. ... Albertus Magnus (b. ...


The economic structures of medieval and early modern Cologne were characterised by the town's status as a major harbour and transportation hub upon the Rhine. Craftsmanship was organised by self-administrating guilds, some of which were exclusive to women.


As a free city Cologne was a sovereign state within the Holy Roman Empire and as such had the right (and obligation) of maintaining its own military force. Wearing a red uniform these troops were known as the Rote Funken (red sparks). These soldiers were part of the Army of the Holy Roman Empire ("Reichskontingent") and fought in the wars of the 17th and 18th century, including the wars against revolutionary France, when the small force almost completely perished in combat. The tradition of these troops is preserved as a military persiflage by Cologne's most outstanding carnival society, the Rote Funken[9]. This article is about the medieval empire. ...


The free city of Cologne must not be confused with the Archbishopric of Cologne which was a state of its own within the Holy Roman Empire. Since the second half of the 16th century the archbishops were taken from the Bavarian dynasty Wittelsbach. Due to the free status of Cologne, the archbishops usually were not allowed to enter the town. Thus they took residence in Bonn and later in Brühl on Rhine. As members of an influential and powerful family and supported by their outstanding status as electors, the archbishops of Cologne repeatedly challenged and threatened the free status of Cologne during the 17th and 18th century, resulting in complicated affairs, which were handled by diplomatic means and propaganda as well as by the supreme courts of the Holy Roman Empire. This article is about the medieval empire. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... The Wittelsbach family is an European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria. ... Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany. ... Brühl is a city in Germany, located 20 km south of Cologne, in the Rhein-Erft-Kreis. ... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire — German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) — were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ...


19th and 20th century

Cologne lost its status as a free city during the French period. According to the Peace Treaty of Lunéville (1801) all the territories of the Holy Roman Empire on the left bank of the Rhine were officially incorporated into the French Republic (which already had occupied Cologne in 1798). Thus, this region later became part of Napoleon's Empire. Cologne was part of the French Département Roer (named after the River Roer, German: Rur) with Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle) as its capital. The French modernised public life by introducing the Code Napoleon as civil code and removing the old elites from power, to cite two examples. The Code Napoleon was in use in the German territories on the left bank of the Rhine until the year 1900, when for the first time the German Empire passed a nationwide unique civil code ("Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch"). In 1815, at the Congress of Vienna, Cologne was made part of the Kingdom of Prussia, administered successively in the Province of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and the Rhine Province. A city-state is a region controlled exclusively by a city. ... The Treaty of Lunéville was signed on February 9, 1801 between the French Republic and the Holy Roman Empire by Joseph Bonaparte and Louis, Count Cobentzel, respectively. ... This article is about the medieval empire. ... The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ... Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, changed his name to Napoléon Bonaparte)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties. ... Rur (-German, in Dutch: Roer, not to be confused with the Ruhr) is a river in Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands. ... The Rur (-German, in Dutch and French: Roer, not to be confused with the Ruhr) is a river in Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands. ... Oche redirects here; in darts the oche is the line from which players must throw. ... The original Napoleonic Code, or Code Napoléon (originally called the Code civil des francais, or civil code of the French), was the French civil code, established at the behest of Napoléon. ... The original Napoleonic Code, or Code Napoléon (originally called the Code civil des francais, or civil code of the French), was the French civil code, established at the behest of Napoléon. ... For German colonial territories, see German Colonial Empire. ... Publication in the Reich Law Gazette on August 24, 1896 The Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch (or BGB) is the civil code of Germany. ... The Congress of Vienna by Jean-Baptiste Isabey, 1819. ... Anthem Preußenlied, Heil dir im Siegerkranz (both unofficial) The Kingdom of Prussia at its greatest extent, at the time of the formation of the German Empire, 1871 Capital Berlin Government Monarchy King  - 1701 — 1713 Frederick I (first)  - 1888 — 1918 William II (last) Prime minister  - 1848 Adolf Heinrich von Arnim... The province of the Jülich-Cleves-Berg (red}, within the Kingdom of Prussia (blue), within the German Confederation (member states in black). ... The Rhineland (Rheinland in German) is the general name for the land on both sides of the river Rhine in the west of Germany. ...


The permanent tensions between the Roman Catholic Rhineland and the overwhelmingly Protestant Prussian state repeatedly escalated with Cologne being in the focus of the conflict. In 1837 the archbishop of Cologne Clemens August von Droste-Vischering was arrested and imprisoned for two years after a dispute over the legal status of marriages between Protestants and Roman Catholics ("Mischehenstreit"). In 1874 during the Kulturkampf archbishop cardinal Paul Melchers was arrested and imprisoned. He fled to the Netherlands and was searched for like an ordinary criminal by a warrant of apprehension. These conflicts alienated the Catholic population from Berlin and contributed to a deeply felt anti-Prussian resentment, which was still significant after World War II, when the former mayor of Cologne, Konrad Adenauer, became the first West German chancellor. The Rhineland (Rheinland in German) is the general name for the land on both sides of the river Rhine in the west of Germany. ... Baron Clemens August von Droste-Vischering (Clemens August Freiherr von Droste-Vischering, b. ... The German term Kulturkampf (literally, culture struggle) refers to German policies in relation to secularity and the influence of the Roman Catholic Church, enacted from 1871 to 1878 by the Chancellor of the German Empire, Otto von Bismarck. ... Paul Melchers (b. ... For other uses, see Konrad Adenauer (disambiguation). ...


During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, Cologne incorporated numerous surrounding towns, and by the time of World War I had already grown to 700,000 inhabitants. Industrialisation changed the city and spurred its growth. Especially booming branches were vehicle construction and engine building. Heavy industry was less ubiquitous as opposed to the Ruhr Area. The cathedral, started in 1248 but abandoned around 1560, was eventually finished in 1880 not only as a religious building but also as a German national monument celebrating the newly founded German empire as well as the continuity of the German nation since the Middle Ages. Sometimes urban growth happened very much at the expense of the town's historic heritage with many buildings being broken down (e.g. the city walls or the surroundings of the cathedral) or replaced by contemporary constructions. On the other side Cologne was turned into a heavily armed fortress (opposing the French and Belgian fortresses of Verdun and Liège) with two fortified belts surrounding the town, the relics of which can be seen until today. The military demands of what finally turned out to be Germany's largest fortress meant a huge obstacle to urban development, as forts, bunkers and dugouts with a vast and plain shooting field before them completely encircled the town and prevented any expansion beyond the fortified line, resulting in a very dense built-up area within town itself. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Ruhr Area within Germany Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area, also called simply Ruhr, (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquial Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large formerly industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to... The Cologne Cathedral (German: , officially ) is the seat of the Archbishop of Cologne, under the administration of the Roman Catholic Church and is renowned as a monument of Christianity, of Gothic architecture and of the faith and perseverance of the people of the city in which it stands. ... For German colonial territories, see German Colonial Empire. ... Capital Verdun Government Republic Historical era Middle Ages  - Established Uncertain  - Three Bishoprics     annexed by France   1552  - Treaty of Westphalia     recognises annexation   1648 For other uses see Verdun (disambiguation) Verdun (medieval German: Wirten, official name before 1970 Verdun-sur-Meuse) is a city and commune in the Lorraine région, northeast... Geography Country Belgium Community French Community Region Walloon Region Province Liège Arrondissement Liège Coordinates , , Area 69. ...


After WWI, during which several minor air raids had targeted the city, Cologne was occupied by British Forces under the terms of the armistice and the subsequent Versailles Peace Treaty. The occupation lasted until 1926.[10] In contrast to the harsh measures of French occupation troops in the Rhineland the British acted much more tactfully towards the local population. The mayor of Cologne (the future West German chancellor) Konrad Adenauer paid them respect for their political significance, as the British withstood the French ambitions for a permanent Allied occupation of the Rhineland. In 1919 the University of Cologne (which had been closed by the French in 1798) was refounded. It was meant as a substitute for the German University of Strasbourg which had become French in 1918/19. The era of the Weimar Republic (1919 - 1933) rendered very prolific for Cologne. Many improvements were made under the guidance of Mayor Konrad Adenauer, especially as far as public governance, housing, planning and social affairs are concerned. Large public parks were created, in particular the two "Grüngürtel" (green belts), which were planned on the areas of the former fortifications. They had been dismantled according to the de-militarisation of the Rhineland under the terms of the peace treaty, albeit this project was unfinished until 1933. Public housing was executed in a way that it became exemplary all over Germany. As Cologne competed for hosting the Olympics a modern stadium was erected in Müngersdorf. By the end of the British occupation German civil aviation was readmitted over Cologne and the airport of Butzweilerhof soon became an outstanding hub of national and international air traffic, second in Germany only to Berlin-Tempelhof. By 1939 the population had risen to 772,221. Compared to other major cities the Nazis did not gain decisive support in Cologne and the votes cast for the NSDAP at the election for the Reichstag always accounted below the average result of the Reich.[11] Woodrow Wilson with the American Peace Commissioners The Treaty of Versailles of 1919 is the peace treaty created as a result of the six-month-long Paris Peace Conference of 1919 which put an official end to World War I. The ceremonial signing of the treaty with Germany occurred June... For other uses, see Konrad Adenauer (disambiguation). ... The University of Cologne (German Universität zu Köln) is one of the oldest universities in Europe and, with over 44. ... The University Palace in Strasbourg, and a monument to one of the universitys students, Johann Wolfgang Goethe The University of Strasbourg in Strasbourg, Alsace, France, is divided into three separate institutions. ... Anthem Das Lied der Deutschen Germany during the Weimar period, with the Free State of Prussia (in blue) as the largest state Capital Berlin Language(s) German Government Republic President  - 1918-1925 Friedrich Ebert  - 1925-1933 Paul von Hindenburg Chancellor  - 1919 Philipp Scheidemann(first)  - 1933 Kurt von Schleicher (last) Legislature... The Rhineland (Rheinland in German) is the general name for the land on both sides of the river Rhine in the west of Germany. ... Exterior of Tempelhof Airport. ... The Nazi swastika The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei), better known as the NSDAP or the Nazi Party was a political party that was led to power in Germany by Adolf Hitler in 1933. ... The Reichstag (German for Imperial Diet) was the parliament of the Holy Roman Empire, the North German Confederation, and of Germany until 1945. ...


World War II

During World War II, Köln was a Military Area Command Headquarters (Militärische Bereich Befehl Hauptsitze) for Military District (Wehrkreis) VI in Münster. Cologne was under the command of Generalleutnant Freiherr Roeder von Diersburg, who was responsible for military operations at Bonn, Siegburg, Aachen, Jülich, Düren, and Monschau. Cologne was the Home Station for the 211th Infantry Regiment and the 26th Artillery Regiment. For other places with the same or similar names, and other uses of the word, see Munster (disambiguation) Münster is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany. ... Siegburg is a city within the Rhein-Sieg-Kreis (Rhein-Sieg-County) of Germany with a population of 41. ... Oche redirects here; in darts the oche is the line from which players must throw. ... Jülich is a medium-size town in the district of Düren, in the federal state of Nordrhein-Westfalen, in Germany. ... Düren is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, capital of Düren district. ... Monschau (French: Montjoie) is a city in the west of Germany, located in the district Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia. ...

Devastation of Cologne in 1945
Devastation of Cologne in 1945
Devastation of Cologne in 1945
Devastation of Cologne in 1945

In World War II, Cologne endured exactly 262 air raids by the Western Allies, which caused approximately 20,000 civilian casualties and completely wiped out the centre of the city. During the night of May 31, 1942, Cologne was the site of "Operation Millennium", the first 1,000 bomber raid by the Royal Air Force in World War II. 1,046 heavy bombers attacked their target with 1,455 tons of explosive. This raid lasted about 75 minutes, destroyed 600 acres (243 ha) of built-up area, killed 486 civilians and made 59,000 people homeless. By the end of the war, the population of Cologne was reduced by 95%. This loss was mainly caused by a massive evacuation of the people to more rural areas. The same happened in many other German cities in the last two years of war. At the end of 1945, the population had already risen to about 500,000 again. Image File history File links Koeln_1945. ... Image File history File links Koeln_1945. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2119x1649, 919 KB) Description: Cologne, Germany - Cpl. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2119x1649, 919 KB) Description: Cologne, Germany - Cpl. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about the independent states that comprised the Allies. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The City of Cologne was bombed in 262 separate air raids by the Allies during World War II. During the war the Royal Air Force (RAF) bombed Cologne more than thirty one times. ... RAF redirects here. ...


By that time, essentially all of Cologne's pre-war Jewish population of 20,000 had been displaced. The synagogue, originally built between 1895 and 1899 by architects Wilhelm Schreiterer and Bernhard Below, was severely damaged during the pogrom of November 9, 1938 (Kristallnacht) but ultimately destroyed by Allied bombing between 1943 and 1945. It was reconstructed in the 1950s. The Cologne synagogue was the stage of a historic event in 2005, when the German-born pope Benedict XVI was the second pope ever to visit a synagogue. The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Kristallnacht, also known as Reichskristallnacht, Reichspogromnacht, Crystal Night and the Night of the Broken Glass, was a pogrom that occurred throughout Nazi Germany on November 9–November 10, 1938. ... This article is about the independent states that comprised the Allies. ... Pope Benedict XVI (Latin: ; born April 16, 1927 as Joseph Alois Ratzinger in Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany) is the 265th reigning pope, the head of the Roman Catholic Church and sovereign of Vatican City. ...


Post-war Cologne

KölnTurm (148.5 m/487 ft)
KölnTurm (148.5 m/487 ft)
Chorweiler, a social housing development from the 1970s in the north of Cologne
Chorweiler, a social housing development from the 1970s in the north of Cologne

Despite Cologne's status of being the largest city in the region, nearby Düsseldorf was chosen as the political capital of the Federal State North Rhine-Westphalia. With Bonn being chosen as the provisional capital (provisorische Bundeshauptstadt) and seat of the government of the Federal Republic of Germany, Cologne benefited by being sandwiched between the two important political centres of former West Germany. The city became home to a large number of Federal agencies and organisations. After re-unification in 1990 Berlin was made the Federal capital of Germany. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 616 KB) Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 616 KB) Please see the file description page for further information. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 257 KB) Chorweiler is a typical german dwelling quarter on the edge of Koln File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 257 KB) Chorweiler is a typical german dwelling quarter on the edge of Koln File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Düsseldorf (IPA: ) is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... Coat of arms Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DEA Capital Düsseldorf Prime Minister Jürgen Rüttgers (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  34,084 km² (13,160 sq mi) Population 18,033,000... Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...


For Cologne mayors refer to: List of mayors of Cologne. This is a list of mayors of Cologne. ...


In 1945 architect and urban planner Rudolf Schwarz called Cologne the "world's greatest heap of debris". Schwarz designed the master plan of reconstruction in 1947, which called for the construction of several new thoroughfares through the downtown area, especially the Nord-Süd-Fahrt ("North-South-Drive"). The Master plan took into consideration the fact that even shortly after the war a large increase in automobile traffic could be anticipated. Plans for new roads had already to a certain degree evolved under the Nazi administration, but the actual construction became easier in times when the majority of downtown lots were undeveloped. The destruction of famous Romanesque churches like St. Gereon, Great St. Martin, St. Maria im Capitol and about a dozen others in World War II meant a tremendous loss of cultural substance to the city. The rebuilding of those churches and other landmarks like the Gürzenich event hall was not undisputed among leading architects and art historians at that time, but in most cases, civil intention prevailed. The reconstruction lasted until the 1990s, when Romanesque church of St. Kunibert was finished. Rudolf Schwarz was an Austrian conductor. ... Great Saint Martin Church Great Saint Martin Church is a famous church in Cologne, badly damaged in WWII, but now restored. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


It took some time to rebuild the city. In 1959 the city's population reached pre-war numbers again. Afterwards the city grew steadily, and, in 1975, the number exceeded 1 million inhabitants for about one year. Since then, the number lingers slightly underneath.


In the 1980s and 1990s Cologne's economy prospered from two factors: First, the steady growth in the number of media companies, pertaining to both the private and the public sector. Catering especially to these companies is the newly developed Media Park, which creates a strongly visual focal point in downtown Cologne and includes the KölnTurm, one of Cologne's most prominent high-rises. And second, a permanent improvement of the diverse traffic infrastructure, which makes Cologne one of the most easily accessible metropolitan areas in Central Europe.


Due to the economic success of the Cologne Trade Fair, the city arranged a large extension to the fair site in 2005. At the same time the original buildings, which date back to the 1920s are rented out to RTL, Germany's largest private broadcaster, as their new corporate headquarters. Cologne Trade Fair are a International Exhibition Center located in Cologne, Germany. ... RTL Group (LuxSE: RTL) is Europes largest TV, radio and production company, and is majority-owned by German media conglomerate Bertelsmann. ...


Landmarks

Cologne Cathedral at sunset
Cologne Cathedral at sunset
Great St. Martin Church
Great St. Martin Church
Farina-House, Birthplace of Eau de Cologne
Farina-House, Birthplace of Eau de Cologne
View from the tower of Cologne Cathedral
View from the tower of Cologne Cathedral

The centre of Cologne was completely destroyed during World War II. The reconstruction of the city followed the style of the 1950s, while respecting the old layout and naming of the streets. Thus, the city today is characterised by simple and modest post-war buildings, with few interspersed pre-war buildings which were reconstructed due to their historical importance. Some buildings of the "Wiederaufbauzeit" (era of reconstruction), for example the opera house by Wilhelm Riphahn, are nowadays regarded as classics in modern architecture. Nevertheless, the uncompromising style of the opera house and other modern buildings has remained controversial. ImageMetadata File history File links Cologne_Cathedral_Wiki. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Cologne_Cathedral_Wiki. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1524x2032, 382 KB) Summary Great St. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1524x2032, 382 KB) Summary Great St. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 731 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2794 × 2293 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 731 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2794 × 2293 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 3. ... Wilhelm Riphahn (also Riphan; born July 25, 1889 in Cologne – December 27, 1963 in Cologne) was a German architect. ...

  • Cologne Cathedral (German: Kölner Dom) is the city's famous landmark and unofficial symbol. It is a Gothic church, started in 1248, and completed in 1880. In 1996, it was designated a World Heritage site; it claims to house the relics of the Three Magi.[citation needed] It is interesting to note that the residents of Cologne call the cathedral "the eternal construction site". They predict that, by the time the renovation of the building has finished, the end of the world will be upon us!
  • Twelve Romanesque Churches: These buildings are outstanding examples of medieval sacral architecture. The roots of some of the churches date back as far as Roman times, like St. Gereon, which originally was a chapel on a Roman graveyard. With the exception of St. Maria Lyskirchen all of these churches were very badly damaged during World War II. Reconstruction was only finished in the 1990s.
  • Cologne University, with approx. 44,000 students as of 2005, is the largest university in Germany.
  • Fragrance Museum Farina House, the birthplace of Eau de Cologne.
  • Römisch-Germanisches Museum (English: Roman-Germanic Museum) for ancient Roman and Germanic culture.
  • Wallraf-Richartz Museum for mediaeval art.
  • Museum Ludwig for modern art.
  • EL-DE Haus, the former local headquarters of the Gestapo houses a museum documenting the Nazi rule in Cologne with a special focus on the persecution of political dissenters and minorities.
  • Kölner Philharmonie - the Cologne Philharmonic Orchestra Building housing both the Gürzenich Orchestra and the WDR Symphony Orchestra Cologne.
  • RheinEnergieStadion, the major Cologne stadium, primarily used for football games, seating 50,997 visitors in national games and 46,134 in international games, home to the local 2. Bundesliga team, 1.FC Köln.
  • Kölnarena, a multifunctional event hall, home to the local ice hockey team, the Kölner Haie (English: Cologne Sharks).
  • Kölnturm (English: Cologne Tower), Cologne's second tallest building at 165.48 metres (542.91 ft) in height, second only to the Colonius (266 m/873 ft).
  • Colonius - a telecommunication tower with an observation deck (closed since 1992).
  • Colonia-Hochhaus - Germany's tallest residential building.
  • Köln Triangle Tower - opposite the cathedral with a 103 m (338 ft) high viewing platform - in contrast to the cathedral with an elevator and a view with the cathedral over the Rhine.
  • Hansa-Hochhaus - designed by architect Jakob Koerfer and completed in 1925, it was at one time Europe's tallest office building.
  • Rheinseilbahn - an aerial tramway crossing the Rhine.
  • Messe Köln (English: Cologne Fair). Exhibition area of 100,000 m² (1,076,000 sq ft).
  • Messeturm Köln (English: Exhibition Tower Cologne).
  • Hohe Strasse (English: High Street) is one of the main shopping areas and extends past the cathedral in an approximately southerly direction. This street is particularly popular with tourists and contains many gift shops, clothing stores, fast food restaurants and electronic goods dealers.
  • Ford Motor Company plants, assembling the Ford Fiesta and Ford Fusion as well as manufacturing engines and parts; headquarters for Ford of Europe.
  • The Panasonic Toyota Racing Formula One team has its factory in the city.
  • Schildergasse - extends the shopping area of Hohe Strasse to the west ending at Neumarkt.
  • Ehrenstrasse - the shopping area around Apostelnstrasse, Ehrenstrasse, and Rudolfplatz is a little more on the eccentric and stylish side.
  • Historic Ringe boulevards (such as Hohenzollernring, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Ring, Hansaring) with their medieval city gates (such as Hahnentorburg on Rudolfplatz) are also known for their night life.
  • German Sports & Olympic Museum, with exhibitions about sports from antiquity until the present.
  • Schokoladenmuseum (Chocolatemuseum) officially called Imhoff-Schokoladen-Museum.
  • JavaMuseum - Forum for Internet Technology in Contemporary Art - collections of Internet based art, corporate part of (NewMediaArtProjectNetwork):cologne - the experimental platform for art and New Media.

The Cologne Cathedral (German: , officially ) is the seat of the Archbishop of Cologne, under the administration of the Roman Catholic Church and is renowned as a monument of Christianity, of Gothic architecture and of the faith and perseverance of the people of the city in which it stands. ... The western facade of Reims Cathedral, France. ... For the architectural structure, see Church (building). ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... For other uses, see Relic (disambiguation). ... Three Kings, or Three Wise Men redirects here. ... The University of Cologne (German Universität zu Köln) is one of the oldest universities in Europe and, with over 44. ... Original Eau de Cologne Bottle of Original Eau de Cologne Bottle of Eau de Cologne Trojnoj Eau de Cologne (French for water of Cologne, Kölnisch Wasser in German) is a type of light perfume that originated in Cologne, Germany and is defined by its typical concentration of about 2... Römisch-Germanisches Museum Cologne The Römisch-Germanisches Museum (or Roman-Germanic Museum) is one of the most important museums in Cologne. ... Wallraf-Richartz Museum The Wallraf-Richartz Museum is one of the three main museums in Cologne. ... Museum Ludwig at night The Museum Ludwig is one of the most important museums in Cologne, Germany. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ... The   (contraction of Geheime Staatspolizei: “secret state police”) was the official secret police of Nazi Germany. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... The Gürzenich-Orchester Köln is a symphony orchestra based in Cologne, Germany. ... The WDR Symphony Orchestra Cologne, also known as the Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra or WDR Symphony Orchestra, is an orchestra in Cologne, Germany. ... The RheinEnergieStadion is the major stadium in Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, that is primarily used for football. ... Soccer redirects here. ... The 2nd Bundesliga is the Second Division of German soccer. ... 1. ... Kölnarena is an arena in Koln, Germany. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... The Kölner Haie are a Hockeyclub based in Cologne, Germany and playing in the Deutsche Eishockey-Liga. ... Colonius Colonius is the name of the Cologne telecommunications tower, which was finished in 1981. ... Colonia-Hochhaus The Colonia-Hochhaus (Colonia high-rise building) is Germanys tallest building used for housing purposes. ... The Rheinseilbahn (aerial tramway crossing Rhine) is the only river crossing aerial ropeway in Germany, situated at Cologne. ... For other uses, see Rhine (disambiguation). ... The Fair Tower Cologne is a 80 metre high highrise building at Cologne, Germany. ... “Ford” redirects here. ... The Ford Fiesta is a mid-class supermini car designed and built by the Ford Motor Company in Europe, and also manufactured in Brazil, Mexico, Venezuela, China, India and South Africa. ... Ford Fusion (UK) The European Ford Fusion is a small estate based on the Ford Fiesta. ... Panasonic (パナソニック Panasonikku) is an international brand name for Japanese electric products manufacturer Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. ... Toyota F1 is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Toyota and based in Cologne, Germany. ... F1 redirects here. ...

Transport

// Beltway and major roads through and around Cologne. ...

Roads

Major roads through and around Cologne.
Major roads through and around Cologne.

Road building had been a major issue in the 1920s under the leadership of mayor Konrad Adenauer. The first German limited access road was constructed after 1929 between Cologne and Bonn. Today, this is A 555. In 1965 Cologne became the first German city to be fully encircled by a freeway belt. Roughly at the same time a downtown bypass motorway (Stadtautobahn) was planned, but only partially executed, due to opposition by environmental groups. The completed section became Bundesstraße ("Federal Road") B 55a which begins at the Zoobrücke ("Zoo Bridge") and meets with A 4 and A 3 at the interchange Cologne East. Nevertheless, it is referred to as Stadtautobahn by most locals. Fully accomplished in contrast was the Nord-Süd-Fahrt ("North-South-Drive"), a new four/six lane downtown thoroughfare, which had already been anticipated by planners like Fritz Schumacher in the 1920s. The last section south of Ebertplatz was completed in 1972. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1200, 149 KB) Summary de: Karte der Autobahnen und Bundesstraßen in und um Köln - Kölner Ring en: Map of the Autobahns and Federal Roads in the Cologne area Licensing File links The following pages link to this file... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1200, 149 KB) Summary de: Karte der Autobahnen und Bundesstraßen in und um Köln - Kölner Ring en: Map of the Autobahns and Federal Roads in the Cologne area Licensing File links The following pages link to this file... For other uses, see Konrad Adenauer (disambiguation). ... Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany. ... Bundesautobahn 555 (abbreviated BAB 555, short form Autobahn 555, abbreviated A555), connecting the cities of Köln (Cologne) and Bonn, was constructed in the years 1929 to 1932 and opened for traffic on August 6, 1932. ... Map of the A 4 in Germany Bundesautobahn 4 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 4, short form Autobahn 4, abbreviated as BAB 4 or A 4) is an Autobahn that crosses Germany in a west-east direction. ... Bundesautobahn 3 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 3, short form Autobahn 3, abbreviated as BAB 3 or A 3) is an autobahn in Germany that links the border to the Netherlands near Wesel in the northwest to the Austrian border near Passau in the southeast. ...


In 2005 the first stretch of an eight-lane freeway in North Rhine-Westphalia was opened to traffic on Bundesautobahn 3, part of the eastern section of the freeway belt between the interchanges Cologne East and Heumar. Coat of arms Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DEA Capital Düsseldorf Prime Minister Jürgen Rüttgers (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  34,084 km² (13,160 sq mi) Population 18,033,000...


Public transport

Underground light rail at Dom/Central Station
Underground light rail at Dom/Central Station
Cologne Central Station
Cyclist in the city centre
Cyclist in the city centre
ICE3 at Cologne Central Station
ICE3 at Cologne Central Station

Cologne has Deutsche Bahn Service with Intercity and ICE-trains stopping at Köln Hauptbahnhof (Cologne Central Station), Köln-Deutz station and at Cologne Bonn Airport (Konrad-Adenauer-Flughafen). ICE and Thalys high-speed trains link Cologne with Brussels and Paris. There are frequent ICE trains to other German cities, including Frankfurt-am-Main and Berlin. Image File history File linksMetadata Tram_cologne. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Tram_cologne. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 570 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Picture of Cologne Central Train Station taken on June 24, 2001. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 570 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Picture of Cologne Central Train Station taken on June 24, 2001. ... Image File history File links Ice3_station. ... Image File history File links Ice3_station. ... Germanys main train operator, the Deutsche Bahn AG (German Railway Corporation, also known as DB or DBAG) provides passenger and freight service via federally owned tracks. ... A Romanian InterCity train, run by Romanian Railways, at Arad station in May 2003 InterCity is a name for the inter-city rail services in Europe. ... ICE 3 trainset near Ingolstadt The InterCityExpress or ICE (German pronunciation: ) is a system of high-speed trains predominantly running in Germany and its neighbouring countries. ... Köln Hauptbahnhof (usually translated from German as Köln Central Station, short form Köln Hbf) is the Hauptbahnhof for the city of Köln (Cologne) in western Germany. ... The station building The Köln-Deutz railway station is a railway station in Cologne, Germany. ... Cologne/Bonn Airport (German: Flughafen Köln/Bonn, also called Konrad-Adenauer-Flughafen or Flughafen Köln-Wahn) (IATA: CGN, ICAO: EDDK) is an international airport located in the Wahner Heide nature reserve, 15 km southeast of Cologne and 16 km northeast of Bonn. ... Thalys PBKA Thalys is a high-speed train network built around the high-speed line between Paris and Brussels. ... This article is about the settlement itself. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Frankfurt am Main [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] is the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth largest city in Germany. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...


The Cologne Stadtbahn (Kölner-Verkehrs-Betriebe AG) operates an extensive light rail system (partially underground) serving Cologne and some neighbouring cities, referred to as the S-Bahn, and U-Bahn. Nearby Bonn is linked by the S-Bahn as well as Deutsche Bahn trains, and occasional recreational boats on the Rhine. The Cologne Stadtbahn is a light rail system in the German city of Cologne as well as several surrounding cities (Leverkusen-Schlebusch only) and towns (Hürth, Wesseling, Bergisch-Gladbach, Brühl, Bornheim). ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... S-Bahn refers to suburban metro railways in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. ... U-Bahn is the German abbreviation for Untergrund-Bahn (literally, underground railway), referring to a means of urban rapid transit, internationally known as subway, underground or metro. ... Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany. ... For other uses, see Rhine (disambiguation). ...


There also are frequent buses covering most of the city and surrounding suburbs, and Eurolines coaches to London via Brussels. Eurolines is a coach (long distance bus) company operating international routes within Europe. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the settlement itself. ...


Cycling

Like most German cities, Cologne has a traffic layout designed to be bicycle-friendly. There is an extensive cycle network, featuring pavement-edge cycle lanes linked by cycle priority crossings. In many of the small city-centre streets with one-way restrictions, cyclists are explicitly allowed to cycle both ways. Bicycle-friendly is a descriptive term that describes policies, places and practices which make it easier for people to ride bicycles. ...


Air transport

Cologne's international airport is Cologne Bonn Airport (CGN). It is also called Konrad-Adenauer-Airport after Germany's post-war Chancellor, Konrad Adenauer, who was born in Cologne and was mayor of the city from 1917 until 1933. The airport is shared with the neighbouring city of Bonn. Most destinations are located in Europe, however, there are two proper intercontinental services: a daily flight to Newark Liberty Airport (EWR) and Iran Air flights to Tehran's Mehrabad International Airport 4 times a week. More intercontinental flights are offered at nearby Düsseldorf International Airport (DUS). Cologne/Bonn Airport (German: Flughafen Köln/Bonn, also called Konrad-Adenauer-Flughafen or Flughafen Köln-Wahn) (IATA: CGN, ICAO: EDDK) is an international airport located in the Wahner Heide nature reserve, 15 km southeast of Cologne and 16 km northeast of Bonn. ... For other uses, see Konrad Adenauer (disambiguation). ... Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany. ... Newark Liberty International Airport (IATA Airport Code EWR; ICAO Airport Code KEWR) is an international airport within the city limits of both Newark and Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States. ... , Mehrabad International Airport (Persian: ) (IATA: THR, ICAO: OIII) is an airport that serves Tehran, Iran. ... LTU Airbus A330-200 aircraft at DUS Düsseldorf International Airport (German: ) (IATA: DUS, ICAO: EDDL), is the third largest airport in Germany with 16. ...


Sports

The city is host to the football team 1. FC Köln who compete in the Bundesliga and American football team Cologne Centurions who played in the now defunct NFL Europa. These two teams both play out of the RheinEnergieStadion, one of the stadiums used during the 2006 FIFA World Cup. The city is also home of the ice hockey team Kölner Haie (Cologne Sharks), of the DEL, the highest ice hockey league in Germany. Their home arena is the Kölnarena. Furthermore Cologne is home of the basketball team Köln 99ers of the Basketball Bundesliga(BBL). Soccer redirects here. ... 1. ... The official Bundesliga logo. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... The Cologne Centurions are an American football franchise that plays in NFL Europe. ... NFL Europa is an American football league which operates in Europe. ... The RheinEnergieStadion is the major stadium in Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, that is primarily used for football. ... 2006 World Cup redirects here. ... The Kölner Haie are a Hockeyclub based in Cologne, Germany and playing in the Deutsche Eishockey-Liga. ... Deutsche Eishockey-Liga (German Hockey League, shortname DEL) is a German high-calibre ice hockey league, and has the highest number of American and Canadian players overseas. ... Kölnarena is an arena in Koln, Germany. ... Köln 99ers, that was known as RheinEnergie Köln from 2001-2007, (often RE Köln or REK) is a basketball club based in Cologne, Germany that plays in the Basketball Bundesliga (BBL). ... In German Basketball, the Basketball Bundesliga (BBL) is the highest level club competition where play determines the national champion. ...


Since 1997 the city has hosted the annual Cologne Marathon. The Cologne Marathon (Ford Köln Marathon) is an annual marathon held in Cologne, Germany. ...


In 2010 Cologne will host the "VIII Gay Games Cologne", which will have about 30,000 participants competing in over 30 disciplines of sports; the Gay Games is a quadriennial athletic and cultural event. The Federation of Gay Games logo The Gay Games is the worlds largest sporting and cultural event organized by LGBT athletes, artists, musicians, and others. ...


Sister cities

This is a list of cities which are "cultural pen pals" of Cologne, as well as the year they first established this relationship. Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Lille (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Geography Country Belgium Community French Community Region Walloon Region Province Liège Arrondissement Liège Coordinates , , Area 69. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Nickname: Motto: Sterker door strijd (Stronger through Struggle) Location of Rotterdam Coordinates: , Country Province Government  - Mayor Ivo Opstelten  - Aldermen Jeannette Baljeu Hamit Karakus Orhan Kaya Lucas Bolsius Jantine Kriens Dominic Schrijer Roelf de Boer Leonard Geluk Area [1]  - Total 319 km² (123. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Torino redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Luxembourg. ... District Luxembourg Canton Esch-sur-Alzette Geography Area Area rank 14. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... For other uses, see Kyoto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tunisia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... For the traditional Turkish folk songs, see Türkü. Location of Turku in Northern Europe Location of Turku in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Finland Proper Sub-region Turku sub-region Government  - Mayor Mikko Pukkinen Area  - City 306. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... The location of Neukölln in Berlin. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Tel Aviv at night Dizengof Center Allenby Street Tel Aviv-Yafo (Hebrew תל אביב-יפו; Arabic تل ابيب-يافا Tal Abīb-Yāfā) is an Israeli city on the coast of the Mediterranean sea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Peking redirects here. ... People on the stairs to the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago In general, the English word people refers to a specific group of humans, or to persons in a general sense. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Thessaloniki or Salonica (Greek: ) is Greeces second-largest city and the capital of Macedonia, the largest Region of Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... This article is about the city in the Republic of Ireland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nicaragua. ... Corinto is also a town in the department of Morazán in El Salvador, see Corinto, El Salvador and in Minas Gerais in Brazil, see Corinto, Minas Gerais Corinto [kOrEn´tO] is a town of 17,000 (1995 population) on the northwest Pacific coast of Nicaragua and is one of... El Realejo is a municipality in the Chinandega department of Nicaragua. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Indianapolis redirects here. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Volgograd (Russian: ), formerly called Tsaritsyn (Russian: ) (1598–1925) and Stalingrad (Russian: ) (1925–1961) is a city and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... The Districts in borough Treptow-Köpenick of Berlin Treptow-Köpenick is a borough of Berlin, formed in 2001 by merging the former boroughs of Treptow and Köpenick. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Location within Pakistan Coordinates: , Country Pakistan Province Constructed 1960s Union Council 40 UC (District Govt. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Osiedle TysiÄ…clecia at night Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina Katowice Established 16th century City Rights 1865 Government  - Mayor Piotr Uszok Area  - City 164. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Palestine. ... This article is about the city in the West Bank. ... This article is about the Palestinian territories as a geopolitical phenomenon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Location of Istanbul on the Bosphorus Strait, Turkey Coordinates: , Country Turkey Region Province Istanbul Founded 667 BC as Byzantium Roman/Byzantine period AD 330 as Nova Roma (original name given in 330 and used during Constantines reign) and later Constantinople (following Constantines death in 337) Ottoman period 1453... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Map of Romania showing Cluj_Napoca Cluj_Napoca (Hungarian: Kolozsvár, German: Klausenburg, Latin: Claudiopolis), the seat of Cluj county, is one of the most important academic, cultural and industrial centers in Romania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... For the town in the United States, see Dunstable, Massachusetts. ... Porz (German: ) is a borough or Stadtbezirk of Cologne, It is situated on the right side of the Rhine in the south-east of the city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Statistics Population: Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TQ782860 Administration District: Castle Point Shire county: Essex Region: East of England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Essex Historic county: Essex Services Police force: Essex Police Ambulance service: East of England Post office and telephone Post town: BENFLEET... Rodenkirchen is a southern borough of Cologne (Köln) in Germany. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Brive-la-Gaillarde (Limousin dialect of Occitan language: Briva la Galharda) is a commune of France. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Hazebrouck en Flandre Hazebrouck is a commune of the Nord département, in northern France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Little village with two mines: Laura and Julia. ...

Born in Cologne

Notable people whose roots can be found in Cologne:

For other uses, see Konrad Adenauer (disambiguation). ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) // January 31 - United States orders all Indigenous peoples in the United States to move onto reservations February 2 - The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs of Major League Baseball is formed. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... The head of government in Germany has traditionally been called Kanzler (Chancellor). ... Cornelius Agrippa, as portrayed in Libri tres de occulta philosophia. ... Libri tres de occulta philosophia (Latin: Three Books about Occult Philosophy) is Heinrich Cornelius Agrippas penetrating study of Occult Philosophy, widely acknowledged as a significant contribution to the Renaissance philosophical discussion concerning the powers of magic and its relationship with religion. ... Julia Agrippina; known as Agrippina Minor (Latin for the ‘younger’, Classical Latin: IVLIA•AGRIPPINA; from the year 50, called IVLIA•AVGVSTA•AGRIPPINA[1], Greek: η Ιουλία Αγριππίνη, November 6, 15 - between 19 March-23 March 59), was a Roman Empress. ... For other persons named Claudius, see Claudius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Nero (disambiguation). ... This article is about the German comedy actor Dirk Bach Dirk Bach (23 April 1961 in Cologne) is a german television comedy actor, best known as Pepe in german version of Sesamstraße and actor in television serie Lukas. ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Heinrich Birnbaum, also known as De Piro (the latinized form of this German name; born 1403 - February 19, 1473), a German pious and learned Carthusian monk. ... Robert Blum (10 November 1807 - 9 November 1848) was a German politician and member of the National Assembly of 1848. ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A monument of Heinrich Böll in Berlin Heinrich Theodor Böll (December 21, 1917 – July 16, 1985) was one of Germanys foremost post-World War II writers. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The Nobel Prize in literature is awarded annually to an author from any country who has produced the most outstanding work of an idealistic tendency. The work in this case generally refers to an authors work as a whole, not to any individual work, though individual works are sometimes... Max Christian Friedrich Bruch (Cologne, January 6, 1838 – Friedenau, October 20, 1920) was a German Romantic composer and conductor who wrote over 200 works, including a violin concerto which is a staple of the violin repertoire. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Alex Patricio Calatrava (born June 14, 1973 in Cologne, Germany) is a tennis player from Spain, who turned professional in 1993. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Florian Maria Georg Christian Graf Henckel von Donnersmarck (b. ... is the 122nd day of the year (123rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Max Ernst (2 April 1891 - 1 April 1976) was a German painter, sculptor, graphic artist, and poet, considered one of the chief representatives of Dadaism and Surrealism. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Angela Nathalie Gossow (a. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Melodic death metal, (also referred to as Gothenburg metal, melodeath, and post-death) is a subgenre of death metal. ... Arch Enemy is a Swedish melodic death metal band, formed in 1996 by ex-Carcass guitarist Michael Amott. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... Udo Kier (born October 14, 1944) is a German actor. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Klemperer as Colonel Klink on Hogans Heroes Werner Klemperer (March 22 1920Cologne – December 6, 2000) was an Emmy Award-winning comedic actor, best known for his role as Colonel Klink on the television sitcom, Hogans Heroes. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... An Emmy Award. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... Uwe Krupp [pronounced OO-vah KROOP] (born June 24, 1965 in Cologne, West Germany) is a retired German hockey defenceman and Coach of the German Ice Hockey National Team. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Heiner Lauterbach (born April 10, 1953 in Cologne, Germany) is a German actor. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ottmar Liebert in 1997. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Willy Millowitsch (January 8, 1909 - September 20, 1999) was a playwright and a stage and TV actor. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The rockgroup BAP was founded in 1976 in Cologne, Germany by Wolfgang Niedecken and Hans Heres. ... Theodore of Corsica (August 25, 1694 – December 11, 1756), born Theodor Stephan Freiherr von Neuhoff[1], was a German adventurer who was briefly King of Corsica. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 6 - The colony Quilombo dos Palmares is destroyed. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1756 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Jacques Offenbach Jacques Offenbach (20 June 1819, in Cologne – 5 October 1880, in Paris) was a French composer and cellist of the Romantic era and one of the originators of the operetta form. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1819 (MDCCCXIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) in the [[Grhttp://en. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) // January 31 - United States orders all Indigenous peoples in the United States to move onto reservations February 2 - The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs of Major League Baseball is formed. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Nico (disambiguation). ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... The Velvet Underground and Nico (from left to right: John Cale, Nico, Lou Reed, Sterling Morrison, and Maureen Tucker) The Velvet Underground (Affectionately known as The Velvets, or V.U. for short) was an American rock and roll band of the late 1960s. ... The Warhol Superstars refers to a coterie of New York personalities promoted by Andy Warhol during the 1960s and early 1970s. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Jürgen Rüttgers (born June 26, 1951 in Cologne) is a German Politician (CDU) and Minister President of North Rhine-Westphalia, widely known for his views on immigration and the famous phrase Kinder statt Inder (children instead of Indians) which was a media interpretation of Statt Inder an die... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A minister-president (Ministerpräsident) is the head of government of a German federal state; the office corresponds to the governorship of a state in the United States. ... Coat of arms Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DEA Capital Düsseldorf Prime Minister Jürgen Rüttgers (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  34,084 km² (13,160 sq mi) Population 18,033,000... German trumpeter and composer Markus Pirol Stockhausen (b Cologne, 2 May 1957) is son of composer Karlheinz Stockhausen. ... is the 122nd day of the year (123rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Joost van den Vondel (1587-1679) was born in the Große Witschgasse in Cologne. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... 1587 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 24 - King Charles II of England disbands Parliament August 7 - The brigantine Le Griffon, which was commissioned by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the southern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.koelncomedy.de/koelncomedy/en/
  2. ^ http://www.lds.nrw.de/statistik/datenangebot/regionen/amtlichebevoelkerungszahlen/rp3_dez06.html
  3. ^ http://www.stadt-koeln.de/zahlen/bevoelkerung/artikel/04600/
  4. ^ WDR Article of 15.08.2007
  5. ^ City of Cologne -> Figures Statistics Population (german)
  6. ^ http://www.spiegel.de/reise/metropolen/0,1518,419312,00.html
  7. ^ http://www.stadt-koeln.de/en/koelntourismus/karneval/
  8. ^ C.Michael Hogan, Cologne Wharf, The Megalithic Portal, editor Andy Burnham, 2007
  9. ^ http://www.rote-funken.de/
  10. ^ Cologne Evacuated, TIME Magazine, February 15, 1926
  11. ^ http://weimarer-wahlen.de/de/index.html

(Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • (German) Colonipedia, the city-wiki of Cologne
  • Hycologne

Official information

  • City of Cologne, official City of Cologne page
  • Cologne, Cologne information portal
  • Kölner Dom, Cologne Cathedral's official website
Cologne (left center) is the 4th largest city in Germany, after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich
Cologne (left center) is the 4th largest city in Germany, after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ...

Tourism and travel

  • Cologne Tourist Board
  • Cologne Traffic Information
  • Cologne Airport
  • KVB - Cologne Public Transportation
  • Eau de Cologne Museum
  • 20th World Youth Day 2005
  • Official Cologne City Map with Buses, Subways and Trains
  • Cologne Zoo at Zoo-Infos.de (in English)
  • Dom WebCam
  • Cologne travel guide from Wikitravel
  • 250 pictures with guide of Cologne's places of interest
  • Site with photos from Cologne

Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

Culture and history

  • Academy for the Language of Cologne
  • Rote Funken
  • The Prussian fortress Cologne
  • Soundmap of Cologne
  • Livius.org: Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (Köln)

Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ... The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Luebeck. ... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ... , For the city in the United States, see Kiel, Wisconsin. ... Lüneburg, also known as Lueneburg and Lunenburg in English, is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany, about 45 km southeast of Hamburg. ... Motto: Within your walls be concordance and public welfare Rostock (pronounced // from Polabian Roz toc, literally to flow apart) is the largest city in the north German state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. ... View of the old hanse-harbor of Stade in 1987. ... Motto: Stargard - Klejnot Pomorza Stargard - Jewel of Pomerania Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat Stargard SzczeciÅ„ski County Gmina Stargard SzczeciÅ„ski Established 12th century City Rights 1243 Government  - Mayor SÅ‚awomir Pajor Area  - Total 48. ... Motto: none Voivodship West Pomeranian Municipal government Rada miasta Szczecina Mayor Marian Jurczyk Area 301,3 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 413 600 1372/km² Founded City rights 8th century 1243 Latitude Longitude 14°34E 53°26N Area code +48 91 Car plates ZS Twin towns Berlin-Kreuzberg... Stralsund is a city in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. ... Wismar is a small port and Hanseatic League town in northern Germany on the Baltic Sea, in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, about 45 km due east of Lübeck, and 30 km due north of Schwerin. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 445 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,250 × 695 pixels, file size: 141 KB, MIME type: image/png) Other versions Image:Extent of the Hansa. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (795x609, 174 KB) Beschreibung Vereinfachte Darstellung der Haupthandelsroute der Hanse im Nordeuropäischen Raum, eigene verbesserte Darstellung mit GMT, erstellt von Flo Beck Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Hanseatic League ... Coordinates: Time zone: CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country: Germany State: Lower Saxony District: Urban district City subdivisions: 20 Boroughs Lord Mayor: Gert Hoffmann (CDU) Governing parties: CDU / FDP Basic Statistics Area: 192. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Brandenburg an der Havel is a town in the state of Brandenburg, Germany. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ... The cathedral Mariendom at night. ... Frankfurt (Oder) ( Sorbian/Lusatian: Frankobord ) is a city in Brandenburg, Germany located on the Oder River, on the German-Polish border directly opposite the city of SÅ‚ubice. ... Coordinates: Time zone: CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country: Germany State: Lower Saxony District: Goslar City subdivisions: 12 districts Lord Mayor: Henning Binnewies (SPD) Basic Statistics Area: 92. ... Halle (also called Halle an der Saale (literally Halle on the Saale, and in some historic references is not uncommonly called Saale after the river) in order to distinguish it from Halle in North Rhine-Westphalia) is the largest city in the German State of Saxony-Anhalt. ... This article is about the German city. ... For alternative meanings of Gdańsk and Danzig, see Gdansk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Wrocław. ... County Area 38. ... County Viljandi County Area 14. ... ElblÄ…g (IPA: ; German: ) is a city in northern Poland with 127,892 inhabitants (2006). ... Former German name of the city of Kaliningrad. ... Kaliningrad (Russian: ; Lithuanian: Karaliaučius; German  , Polish: Królewiec; briefly Russified as Kyonigsberg), is a seaport and the administrative center of Kaliningrad Oblast, the Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea. ... Motto: none Voivodship Lesser Poland Municipal government Rada miasta Kraków Mayor Jacek Majchrowski Area 326,8 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 757,500 (2004 est. ... County Pärnu County Mayor Mart Viisitamm Area 32. ... County Area 159. ... For other uses, see Riga (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... Motto: Durabo (Latin: I will last) Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship County city county Established 13th century City rights 1233 Government  - Mayor MichaÅ‚ Zaleski Area  - City 115. ... Coordinates: , Country Municipality County Gotland County Province Gotland Charter 1645 Area [1]  - Total 12. ... Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ... Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Breckerfeld is a North Rhine-Westphalian (Germany) municipality in the district of Ennepe_Ruhr. ... Deventer is a municipality and city in the Salland region of the Dutch province of Overijssel. ... Duisburg (IPA: ) is a German city in the western part of the Ruhr Area (Ruhrgebiet) in North Rhine-Westphalia. ... For the German town, see Gröningen. ... Haltern (also: Haltern am See - Haltern on the lake) is a town and a municipality in the district of Recklinghausen, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Hamm Hamm is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Harderwijk is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. ... Hattem is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. ... Hasselt is a town about 7 km north of Zwolle, in the Dutch province of Overijssel. ... Kampen is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. ... For other places with the same or similar names, and other uses of the word, see Munster (disambiguation) Münster is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Oldenzaal is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands, near the border with Germany. ... , Osnabrück (IPA: ) is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany, some 80 km NNE of Dortmund, 45 km NE of Münster, and some 100 km due west of Hanover. ... Recklinghausen is a city in the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Country Netherlands Province Limburg Area (2006)  - Municipality 46. ... Soest Soest (pronounced ) is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Unna is a town which is the seat of the Unna district. ... Werl is a small city located in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Zutphen (old alternate spelling: Zutfen) is a municipality and a town in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands on the right bank of the IJssel at the influx of the Berkel, and a junction station 29 km by rail N.N.E. of Arnhem. ... For other places with the same name, see Zwolle (disambiguation). ... Panoramic view of Bryggen. ... County District Midhordland Municipality NO-1201 Administrative centre Bergen Mayor (2007) Gunnar Bakke (Frp) Official language form Neutral[1] Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 215 465 km² 445 km² 0. ... Geography Country Belgium Community Flemish Community Region Flemish Region Province West Flanders Arrondissement Bruges Coordinates , , Area 138. ... The Steelyard, from the German Stalhof, was in the Middle Ages the main trading base of the Hanseatic League in London. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other cities named Novgorod, see Novgorod (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Antwerp (disambiguation). ... Map sources for Berwick-upon-Tweed at grid reference NT9952 Berwick-upon-Tweed from across the river Berwick-upon-Tweed, (pronounced Berrick) situated in the county of Northumberland, is the northernmost town in England, situated on the east coast on the mouth of the river Tweed. ... , Boston is a town and small port in Lincolnshire, UK, on the east coast of England. ... Damme church Damme is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... Hull or Kingston upon Hull is a British city situated on the north bank of the Humber estuary. ... For other uses, see Ipswich (disambiguation). ... , Kings Lynn is a town and port in Norfolk, England. ... Location Ethnographic region AukÅ¡taitija County Kaunas County Municipality Geographic coordinate system Number of elderates 11 General Information Capital of Kaunas County Kaunas city municipality Kaunas district municipality Population 361,274 in 2005 (2nd) First mentioned 1361 Granted city rights 1408 Kaunas ( (help· info), approximate English transcription [ˈkəʊ.nÉ™s... This article is about a city in the United Kingdom. ... Polatsk (Belarusian: По́лацак, По́лацк; Polish: Połock, also spelt as Polacak; Russian: По́лоцк, also transliterated as Polotsk, Polotzk, Polock) is the most historic city in Belarus, situated on the Dvina river. ... Pskov (Russian: , ancient Russian spelling Пльсковъ (Plescow)) is an ancient city, located in the north-west of Russia about 20 km east from the Estonian border, on the Velikaya River. ... , Great Yarmouth, often known to locals as Yarmouth, is a coastal town in Norfolk, England. ... For other uses, see York (disambiguation). ... In the Holy Roman Empire, a free imperial city (in German: freie Reichsstadt) was a city formally responsible to the emperor only — as opposed to the majority of cities in the Empire, which belonged to a territory and were thus governed by one of the many princes (Fürsten) of... This article is about the medieval empire. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... In the Holy Roman Empire, a free imperial city (in German: freie Reichsstadt) was a city formally responsible to the emperor only — as opposed to the majority of cities in the Empire, which belonged to a territory and were thus governed by one of the many princes (Fürsten) of... This article is about the medieval empire. ... Oche redirects here; in darts the oche is the line from which players must throw. ... Aalen (pronounced ) is a town in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. ... For other meanings for Augsburg: See Augsburg (disambiguation) , Augsburg is a city in south-central Germany. ... Biberach is a town in the south of Germany, capital of the district Biberach in Baden-Württemberg. ... Bopfingen is a small historic city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE5 State subdivisions 2 urban districts Capital Bremen Senate President Jens Böhrnsen (SPD) Governing parties SPD / Alliance 90/The Greens Votes in Bundesrat 3 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  408 km² (158 sq mi) Population 664,000... Bad Buchau Bad Buchau is a little town in the district of Biberach, Baden-Württemberg, Germany with about 4,000 inhabitants. ... Friedrichshafen is a town on the northern side of Lake Constance (Bodensee) in southern Germany, near the borders with Switzerland and Austria. ... Dinkelsbühl is a historic city in Bavaria, Germany. ... Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ... Esslingen is a city in the Stuttgart Region of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, capital of the District of Esslingen. ... Main Station Frankfurt Frankfurt International Airport For other articles with similar names, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... Friedberg (Friedberg in der Wetterau) is a town near Frankfurt am Main (about 30 km north of Frankfurt) and has about 25,000 inhabitants. ... Gengenbach is a town in the Ortenaukreis, Baden-Württemberg, Germany and a famous tourist destination on the western edge of the Black Forest with about 11000 inhabitants. ... Giengen (full name: Giengen an der Brenz) is a historic city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Coordinates: Time zone: CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country: Germany State: Lower Saxony District: Goslar City subdivisions: 12 districts Lord Mayor: Henning Binnewies (SPD) Basic Statistics Area: 92. ... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ... View of the Heilbronn centre of town toward the Wartberg. ... Isny im Allgäu is a city in south-eastern Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Kaufbeuren is an independent city in the Regierungsbezirk of Schwaben, southern Bavaria. ... Kempten is the capital of Allgäu, a region in the south-west of Bavaria, Germany. ... Leutkirch im Allgäu is a German town in Baden-Württemberg. ... famous harbor entrance of Lindau reverse side of the old town hall of Lindau Lindau is a German city and an island in the eastern part of the Lake Constance, the Bodensee. ... Location of the Free City of Lübeck with the German Empire   Capital Lübeck Government Republic History  - Formation 1226  - Abolition April 1, 1937 The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Luebeck. ... Memmingen is a town in the Bavarian administrative region Swabia in Germany. ... Mühlhausen is a city in the federal state Thuringia, Germany. ... Mulhouse (French: , pronounced ; Alsatian: Milhüsa or Milhüse, pronounced ; German: ; i. ... Roland statue in Nordhausen Twinning The city is twinned with Bet Shemesh in Israel Charleville-Mézières in France Bochum Ostrów Wielkopolski in Poland Nordhausen is a city of about 45,000 people at the southern border of the Harz mountains, in the state of Thuringia, Germany. ... Nördlingen is a town in the Donau-Ries district, in Bavaria, Germany, with a population of almost 20,000. ... Nürnberg redirects here. ... Offenburg is a city located in the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Pfullendorf is a small historic city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Ravensburg, Blaserturm (Trumpeters Tower), Waaghaus (Balance Hall) and Rathaus (Town Hall) Ravensburg is a town in Upper Swabia in Southern Germany, capital of the district of Ravensburg, Baden-Württemberg. ... Regensburg (also Ratisbon, Latin Ratisbona) is a city (population 151. ... Reutlingen is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Town Hall Square of Rothenburg A famous street in Rothenburg at Koboldzellersteig and Spittalgasse Town wall of Rothenburg Rothenburg ob der Tauber is a town in the district of Ansbach of Mittelfranken (Middle Franconia), the Franconia region of Bavaria, Germany, well known for its well-preserved medieval old town. ... Map of Germany showing Rottweil Watershed of the Neckar River Watershed of the Rhine River Rottweil is the oldest town in southwestern Germany, in the State of Baden-Württemberg. ... Schwäbisch Gmünd is a town in the eastern part of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. ... Schwäbisch Hall (or Hall for short) is a town in the German state of Baden-Württemberg; it is the capital of the district of Schwäbisch Hall. ... Schweinfurt is a city in the Unterfranken region of Bavaria in Germany on the right bank of the canalized Main, which is here spanned by several bridges, 27 km North-East of Würzburg. ... Speyer (English formerly Spires) is a city in Germany (Rhineland-Palatinate) with approx. ... Capital Not specified Government Republic Historical era Middle Ages  - Gained City rights 1211  - Gained Reichsfreiheit 1268  - Conquered by Sweden     in Thirty Years War   1643  - Mediatised to Baden 1803 Ãœberlingen is a city in the Bodensee district in Baden-Württemberg in southwestern Germany. ... For other uses, see Ulm (disambiguation). ... Wangen im Allgäu is a historic city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Weil der Stadt is a small town with approximately 19,200 inhabitants, located in the Stuttgart Region of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. ... Weissenburg in Bayern (historically also Weißenburg im Nordgau) is a city in Bavaria, Germany. ... Wetzlar is a town in the German federal state (Bundesland) of Hesse, capital of the Lahn-Dill district. ... Bad Wimpfen is a historic spa town in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Bad Windsheim is a small historic city in Bavaria, Germany. ... Wormser Dom Worms (pronounced ) is a city in the southwest of Germany. ... Zell am Harmersbach is a small historic city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Reichsfreiheit or Reichsunmittelbarkeit (adjectives reichsfrei, reichsunmittelbar) was a special, privileged status a city or region could attain in the Holy Roman Empire. ... For other uses, see Basel (disambiguation). ... From her inauspicious beginnings as a Celtic settlement in pre-Roman Central Europe, the city of Berne grew to become an aristocratic city republic and a major power in the Old Swiss Confederacy. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Utinam (Latin: If God wills) Citadel Vauban of Besançon Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Franche-Comté Department Doubs (25) Intercommunality Grand Besançon Mayor Jean-Louis Fousseret (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area¹ 65. ... Brakel is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Cambrai (Dutch: Kamerijk) is a French city and commune, in the Nord département, of which it is a sous_préfecture. ... Diessenhofen is a municipality in the district of Diessenhofen, in the canton of Thurgau, Switzerland. ... Known as Nordschwabens freundliche Mitte (North Swabias Friendly Center), Donauwörth is a city in the German State of Bavaria (Bayern), in the region of Swabia (Schwabenland). ... Duisburg (IPA: ) is a German city in the western part of the Ruhr Area (Ruhrgebiet) in North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Düren is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, capital of Düren district. ... Gelnhausen is a city in the German state of Hesse. ... Haguenau (German: Hagenau) is a commune of northeastern France, in the Bas-Rhin département, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... Herforder Münster Herford is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the lowlands between the mountain chains of the Wiehengebirge and the Teutoburg Forest. ... Petite Venise Colmar is a town and commune in the Haut-Rhin département of Alsace, France. ... Kaysersberg (German: Kaisersberg) is a small city in the Alsace, France. ... Konstanz in 1925 seen from the lake Schnetztor, a section of the former city wall Another gate from city wall Shops in Konstanz The Konzilgebäude in Konstanz Konstanz (in English formerly known as Constance) is a university town of around 80,000 inhabitants at the western end of Lake... Landau or Landau in der Pfalz (pop. ... Lemgo is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany with a population of 42. ... For other uses, see Lucerne (disambiguation). ... Mainz is a city in Germany and the capital of the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Si paix dedans, paix dehors (French: If peace inside, peace outside) Cathedral St. ... Munster is a commune in the Haut-Rhin département, Alsace, France. ... Obernai (French: ; Alsatian: Owernah; German: ) is a town and commune in Alsace, France. ... Rheinfelden is a municipality in the canton of Aargau, Switzerland, seat of the district of Rheinfelden. ... Rosheim is a small city in the Alsace, France. ... St. ... Sarrebourg (German: Saarburg) is a city in Lorraine, France. ... Schaffhausen (German:  , French: Schaffhouse, Italian: Sciaffusa) is a city in northern Switzerland and the capital of the canton of the same name; it has an estimated population of 33,527 as of March 31, 2005. ... Schmalkalden is a town in the Kreis (district) of Schmalkalden-Meiningen in the southwestern portion of the German state of Thuringia. ... Sélestat (German: Schlettstadt) is a commune of northeastern France, in the Bas-Rhin département, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... Soest Soest (pronounced ) is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The city of   (French: Soleure, Italian: Soletta) is the capital of the Canton of Solothurn in Switzerland. ... For other uses, see Strasburg. ... Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Toul Toul is a historic fortified town of France, a sous-préfecture of the Meurthe-et-Moselle département. ... Turckheim (German: Türkheim) is a small town and commune in Alsace, France. ... Verden (Aller), or Verden (IPA: ), is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany, on the River Aller. ... Capital Verdun Government Republic Historical era Middle Ages  - Established Uncertain  - Three Bishoprics     annexed by France   1552  - Treaty of Westphalia     recognises annexation   1648 For other uses see Verdun (disambiguation) Verdun (medieval German: Wirten, official name before 1970 Verdun-sur-Meuse) is a city and commune in the Lorraine région, northeast... Warburg is a city in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, in the district Höxter. ... Wissembourg (German: Weißenburg) is a small town and commune situated on the border between France and Germany, in the Alsace région, approximately 60 km north of Strasbourg. ... The Murerplan of 1576 Zürich was continuously inhabited since Roman times. ... Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ... The Décapole (Zehnstädtebund in German) was an alliance of ten towns in Alsace, France in a league founded in 1354, and discontinued in 1679. ... The growth of the Old Swiss Confederacy began as an alliance between the communities of the valleys in the central Alps to facilitate the management of common interests such as free trade and to ensure the peace along the important trade routes through the mountains. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Rhine-Westphalia_(state). ... Coat of arms Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DEA Capital Düsseldorf Prime Minister Jürgen Rüttgers (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  34,084 km² (13,160 sq mi) Population 18,033,000... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Oche redirects here; in darts the oche is the line from which players must throw. ... Bielefeld is a district-free town in the Regierungsbezirk Detmold in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Bottrop Bottrop is a city in west central Germany, on the Rhine-Herne Canal, in North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen). ... Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ... Duisburg (IPA: ) is a German city in the western part of the Ruhr Area (Ruhrgebiet) in North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Düsseldorf (IPA: ) is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Essen is a city in the center of the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... , Gelsenkirchen-Buer looking south towards downtown Gelsenkirchen, 1955. ... For other uses, see Hagen (disambiguation). ... Map of Germany showing Hamm Hamm is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Herne (IPA: ) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Krefeld is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Leverkusen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mönchengladbach is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mülheim an der Ruhr, that calls itself City on the River, is a small to medium-sized city in [North Rhine-Westphalia]] in Germany. ... For other places with the same or similar names, and other uses of the word, see Munster (disambiguation) Münster is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Oberhausen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Remscheid is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Müngstener Brücke, a railroad bridge between Solingen and Remscheid. ... Wuppertal university Wuppertal is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Image File history File links Deutschland_Lage_von_Nordrhein-Westfalen. ... Germany is divided into 429 administrative districts; these consist of 313 rural districts (Landkreise), listed fully here, and 116 urban districts (Kreisfreie Städte / Stadtkreise) - cities which constitute a district in their own right (see Urban districts of Germany). ... The district of Aachen (Kreis Aachen) is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Borken is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Coesfeld is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, west of the city of Münster. ... Düren is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Euskirchen is a Kreis (district) in the south-west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Gütersloh is a Kreis (district) in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Heinsberg is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Herford (IPA: ) is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Hochsauerland is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Höxter is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Cleves (Kleve in German and these days also usually in English) is a Kreis (local-government district) in northwestern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... This article is about the district Lippe. ... The Märkische Kreis is a district (Kreis) in central North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mettmann is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Minden-Lübbecke is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Oberbergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Olpe is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Paderborn is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Recklinghausen is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rheinisch-Bergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rhein-Erft-Kreis is a district in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Neuss is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rhein-Sieg-Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the south of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Siegen-Wittgenstein is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Soest is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Steinfurt is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Unna district is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Viersen is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Warendorf is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Wesel is a Kreis (district) in the norther-western part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...


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Cologne travel guide - Wikitravel (4369 words)
Cologne [3] (German: Köln, Cologne dialect: Kölle) is situated on the river Rhein in North Rhine-Westphalia and is the fourth largest city in Germany with around 1,000,000 inhabitants.
Cologne, like most areas of Germany, has its very own local dialect of German, though this is unlikely to hinder the average sight-seeing tourist, as many of the landmarks of the city have English-speaking guides and information.
Cologne has an (inter)national bus station (ZOB) it is located at Breslauer Platz on the north side of the Hauptbahnhof [4].
Cologne - definition of Cologne in Encyclopedia (730 words)
Cologne (German: Köln [kœln]) (population 965,954 as of December 31, 2003), is the fourth largest city in Germany and largest city of the North Rhine-Westphalia state.
Cologne is the oldest major city in Germany; it became a city in 50 A.D. It got a bishop early, and in 785 became the seat of an archbishop.
Cologne lost its free status (and regained its archbishop) during the French period, and in 1815 at the Congress of Vienna was made part of the kingdom of Prussia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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